Evolution S Bite

Author by : Peter S. Ungar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
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Total Read : 71
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Description : Whether we realize it or not, we carry in our mouths the legacy of our evolution. Our teeth are like living fossils that can be studied and compared to those of our ancestors to teach us how we became human. In Evolution’s Bite, noted paleoanthropologist Peter Ungar brings together for the first time cutting-edge advances in understanding human evolution with new approaches to uncovering dietary clues from fossil teeth. The result is a remarkable investigation into the ways that teeth—their shape, chemistry, and wear—reveal how we came to be. Traveling the four corners of the globe and combining scientific breakthroughs with vivid narrative, Evolution’s Bite presents a unique dental perspective on our astonishing human development.


Issues In Biological Biochemical And Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : ScholarlyEditions
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
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File Size : 44,9 Mb
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Description : Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.


Uncommon Diseases In The Icu

Author by : Marc Leone
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 356
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : This book highlights the practical characteristics of uncommon diseases and presents the most relevant features for the management of intensive care units. It does not aim to provide an exhaustive description of uncommon diseases, focusing instead on the major diseases that intensivists may encounter in their clinical practice. After a brief introduction on the epidemiology and pathophysiology of each disease, the authors emphasize the aspects related to diagnosis and treatment, providing concise and pragmatic guidance for residents and intensivists who care for patients with uncommon diseases. Although by definition uncommon diseases have a low prevalence in the general population, they can affect a large number of patients admitted to intensive care units, as they can often be diagnosed at intensive care units. Indeed, often a complication of the disease is what leads to the patient’s being admitted to an intensive care unit.


Wilderness Medicine E Book

Author by : Paul S. Auerbach
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier Health Sciences
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 638
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : Quickly and decisively manage any medical emergency you encounter in the great outdoors with Wilderness Medicine! World-renowned authority and author, Dr. Paul Auerbach, and a team of experts offer proven, practical, visual guidance for effectively diagnosing and treating the full range of emergencies and health problems encountered in situations where time and resources are scarce. Every day, more and more people are venturing into the wilderness and extreme environments, or are victims of horrific natural disasters...and many are unprepared for the dangers and aftermath that come with these episodes. Whether these victims are stranded on mountaintops, lost in the desert, injured on a remote bike path, or ill far out at sea, this indispensable resource--now with online access at www.expertconsult.com for greater accessibility and portability-- equips rescuers and health care professionals to effectively address and prevent injury and illness in the wilderness! This textbook is widely referred to as "The Bible of Wilderness Medicine." Be able to practice emergency medicine outside of the traditional hospital/clinical setting whether you are in remote environments, underdeveloped but highly populated areas, or disaster areas, are part of search and rescue operations, or dealing with casualties from episodes of extreme sports and active lifestyle activities. Face any medical challenge in the wilderness with expert guidance: Dr. Auerbach is a noted author and the world's leading authority on wilderness medicine. He is a founder and Past President of the Wilderness Medical Society, consultant to the Divers Alert Network and many other agencies and organizations, and a member of the National Medical Committee for the National Ski Patrol System. Handle everything from frostbite to infection by marine microbes, not to mention other diverse injuries, bites, stings, poisonous plant exposures, animal attacks, and natural disasters. Grasp the essential aspects of search and rescue. Respond quickly and effectively by improvising with available materials. Improve your competency and readiness with the latest guidance on volcanic eruptions, extreme sports, splints and slings, wilderness cardiology, living off the land, aerospace medicine, mental health in the wilderness, tactical combat casualty care, and much more. Meet the needs and special considerations of specific patient populations such as children, women, elders, persons with chronic medical conditions, and the disabled. Make smart decisions about gear, navigation, nutrition, and survival. Be prepared for everything with expanded coverage on topics such as high altitude, cold water immersion, and poisonous and venomous plants and animals. Get the skills you need now with new information on global humanitarian relief and expedition medicine, plus expanded coverage of injury prevention and environmental preservation. Get guidance on the go with fully searchable online text, plus bonus images, tables and video clips - all available on ExpertConsult.com.


The Princeton Guide To Evolution

Author by : David A. Baum
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 425
File Size : 41,8 Mb
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Description : The Princeton Guide to Evolution is a comprehensive, concise, and authoritative reference to the major subjects and key concepts in evolutionary biology, from genes to mass extinctions. Edited by a distinguished team of evolutionary biologists, with contributions from leading researchers, the guide contains some 100 clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics in seven major areas: phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society. Complete with more than 100 illustrations (including eight pages in color), glossaries of key terms, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, scientists in related fields, and anyone else with a serious interest in evolution. Explains key topics in some 100 concise and authoritative articles written by a team of leading evolutionary biologists Contains more than 100 illustrations, including eight pages in color Each article includes an outline, glossary, bibliography, and cross-references Covers phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society


The Schutzhund Training Manual

Author by : Felix Ho
Languange : en
Publisher by : Troubador Publishing Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 697
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : The Schutzhund Training Manual begins with the brief history and regulations of the sport of Schutzhund/IPO, to working abilities, pack structure, and understanding the basic language of dogs.


Do You Think What You Think You Think

Author by : Jeremy Stangroom
Languange : en
Publisher by : Granta Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 280
File Size : 48,5 Mb
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Description : Is your brain ready for a thorough philosophical health check? Really, it won't hurt a bit ... Is what you believe coherent and consistent? Or is it a jumble of contradictions? If you could design yourself a God, what would He (or She, or It) be like? Can you spot the logical flaw in an argument (even if it's hiding from you)? And how will you fare on the tricky terrain of ethics when your taboos are under the spotlight? If all this causes your brain to overheat, there is a philosophy general knowledge quiz to round off with. Do You Think What You Think You Think? presents a dozen quizzes that will reveal what you really think and what it all adds up to (brace yourself: it might not add up to what you expected). Challenging, fun, infuriating - sometimes all at once - this book will enable you to discover the you you never knew you were. Think of it as an MOT for your mind.


Dog Bites

Author by : Daniel S. Mills
Languange : en
Publisher by : 5m Books Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 341
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : The issue of dog bites and dog aggression directed at humans is frequently in the media. However, scientific research and evidence on the subject is scattered and sparse. Public and political opinions are often misinformed and out of proportion to the extent of the problem. Dog Bites brings together expert knowledge of the current situation, from a wide variety of disciplines, to provide information to the many people and professions affected by this issue. Subjects range from the practical, medical, behavioural, sociological, and theoretical, but the overall approach of the book is objective and integrative. Topics addressed include: the genetic basis of aggression; the public image of aggressive dogs; bite statistics; risk factors; the forensics and surgical aspects of dog bites; international legal perspectives; court evidence; first aid treatment; zoonotic disease potential; behavioural rehabilitation options; the risk to children; and a consideration of why some dogs kill. All contributors are academic or long-standing professional experts in their field, and they represent a wide spread of international expertise. This issue is an important one for pet owners, vets, animal shelters, and anyone who works with dogs, such as the police. This book will be a valuable resource for them, as well as for animal behaviourists, academic researchers, health professionals, dog breeders, and handlers. *** "... the first comprehensive resource on the subject of dog bites... The overall intent of the book is to prevent dog bites. ...does a good job of compiling the information we think we know about dog bites into one place. It also debunks much of what were previously accepted truths about dog bites to humans. In the final chapter, the editors state they hope that 'highlighting the many deficiencies in our understanding will inspire rather than demoralize' and that they 'have offered a point of reference not just to the problems but also the solutions'". --Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 252, No. 6, March 15, 2018 [Subject: Veterinary Science, Public Policy, Animal Behavior, Animal Policing]


Rock Bone And Ruin

Author by : Adrian Currie
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 999
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : An argument that we should be optimistic about the capacity of “methodologically omnivorous” geologists, paleontologists, and archaeologists to uncover truths about the deep past. The “historical sciences”—geology, paleontology, and archaeology—have made extraordinary progress in advancing our understanding of the deep past. How has this been possible, given that the evidence they have to work with offers mere traces of the past? In Rock, Bone, and Ruin, Adrian Currie explains that these scientists are “methodological omnivores,” with a variety of strategies and techniques at their disposal, and that this gives us every reason to be optimistic about their capacity to uncover truths about prehistory. Creative and opportunistic paleontologists, for example, discovered and described a new species of prehistoric duck-billed platypus from a single fossilized tooth. Examining the complex reasoning processes of historical science, Currie also considers philosophical and scientific reflection on the relationship between past and present, the nature of evidence, contingency, and scientific progress. Currie draws on varied examples from across the historical sciences, from Mayan ritual sacrifice to giant Mesozoic fleas to Mars's mysterious watery past, to develop an account of the nature of, and resources available to, historical science. He presents two major case studies: the emerging explanation of sauropod size, and the “snowball earth” hypothesis that accounts for signs of glaciation in Neoproterozoic tropics. He develops the Ripple Model of Evidence to analyze “unlucky circumstances” in scientific investigation; examines and refutes arguments for pessimism about the capacity of the historical sciences, defending the role of analogy and arguing that simulations have an experiment-like function. Currie argues for a creative, open-ended approach, “empirically grounded” speculation.


Costa Rican Ecosystems

Author by : Maarten Kappelle
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 475
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Description : In 1502, Christopher Columbus named Costa Rica, and while gold and silver never materialized to justify the moniker of rich coast in purely economic terms, scientists and ecotravelers alike have long appreciated its incredible wealth. Wealth in Costa Rica is best measured by its biodiversityhome to a dizzying number of plants and animals, many endemic, it s a country that has long encouraged and welcomed researchers from the world over, and is exemplary in the creation and commitment to indigenous conservation and management programs. Costa Rica is considered to have the best preserved natural resources in Latin America. Approximately nine percent (about 1,000,000 acres) of Costa Rica has been protected in 15 national parks, and a comparable amount of land is protected as wildlife refuges, forest reserves or Indian reservations. This long-awaited synthesis of Costa Rican ecosystems is an authoritative presentation of the paleoecology, biogeography, structure, conservation, and sustainable use of Costa Rica s ecosystems. It systematically covers the entire range of Costa Rica s natural and managed, terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, including its island systems (Cocos Islands), the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and shores (coasts, coral reefs, mangrove forests), its lowlands (dry, season and wet forests), its highlands (the northern volcanoes and southern Talamanca s), and its estuaries, rivers, lakes, swamps and bogs. The volume s integrated, comprehensive format will be welcomed by tropical and temperate biologists alike, by biogeographers, plant and animal ecologists, marine biologists, conservation biologists, foresters, policy-makers and all scientists, natural history specialists and all with an interest in Costa Rica s ecosystems."


Marmite Bites And Noisy Nights In Zambia

Author by : David Fletcher
Languange : en
Publisher by : Troubador Publishing Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 240
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : Their BAE Jetstream was now coming in to land at Mfuwe’s airport. “Mfuwe International”, Brian soon learnt, wasn’t very international, or very large or indeed very smart, but it was still the all-important gateway to the South Luangwa National Park. And that’s why he and Sandra had come here. They were embarking on a three-week safari holiday in Zambia, where for the first two weeks they would be making their way around this national park. Marmite, Bites and Noisy Nights (in Zambia) is another day-by-day account of an expedition made by Brian and his wife, Sandra, this time around the South Luangwa and Lower Zambezi national parks – in, unsurprisingly, Zambia. However, it is also an example of how the travel-book genre can be harnessed for the purpose of humour, and of how Brian tends to regard his travels as an opportunity not only to study the wonders of the natural world but also to vent his opinions – whether these are on what he observes around him or on anything else that comes to mind. This book describes the wildlife that Brian encounters, together with the people and the perils he encounters, but it also catalogues a number of his valuable ‘insights’. There are expositions on the de-evolution of mankind, the likely demise of mankind as a result of the resilience of pathogenic biological agents, the advantages of setting up a new, online religion – and the desirability of the rapid evolution of both universal knee joints and inflatable boobs. This is the final book in David’s seven-part series that details Brian and Sandra’s travels to Assam, Syria, Borneo, Cape Verde, Namibia/Botswana, Morocco and Zambia. But it is unlikely to be his last!


Dog Sense

Author by : John Bradshaw
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hachette UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
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File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : Dogs have been mankind's faithful companions for tens of thousands of years, yet today they are regularly treated as either pack-following wolves or furry humans. The truth is, dogs are neither -- and our misunderstanding has put them in serious crisis. What dogs really need is a spokesperson, someone who will assert their specific needs. Renowned anthrozoologist Dr. John Bradshaw has made a career of studying human-animal interactions, and in Dog Sense he uses the latest scientific research to show how humans can live in harmony with -- not just dominion over -- their four-legged friends. From explaining why positive reinforcement is a more effective (and less damaging) way to control dogs' behavior than punishment to demonstrating the importance of weighing a dog's unique personality against stereotypes about its breed, Bradshaw offers extraordinary insight into the question of how we really ought to treat our dogs.


Bulletin Of Pharmacy

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 534
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description :


Venomous Bites From Non Venomous Snakes

Author by : Scott A Weinstein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 649
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : This book is the first significant contribution to thoroughly examine the potential hazards associated with snakes of the former family, Colubridae. This family contained >65% of living snake species (approximately 3,000 taxa) and has recently been split into multiple families. Many of these snakes produce oral secretions that contain toxins and other biologically-active substances. A large variety of these snakes figure in the pet industry, yet little documented information or formal study of their potential medical importance has been published. Therefore, although the possible medical importance of many of these species has been subjected to speculation since the mid-nineteenth century, there is a limited amount of useful descriptive information regarding the real hazard (or lack thereof) of snakes belonging to this diverse, artificial family. There is a need for "one-stop shopping" offering information regarding their possible toxicity and clinical relevance as well as recommendations for medical management of their bites. This book is the first synthesis of this information and includes evidence-based risk assessment, hazard rankings and specific recommendations regarding important species, many common in captivity. Fills a gap in the toxinological, medical and herpetological literature by providing a comprehensive review of this entire assemblage of snakes, with particular attention given to their capacity, real or rumored, to cause harm to humans A patient-centered, evidence-based approach is applied to analyzing documented case reports of bites inflicted by approximately 100 species. Clinical management of medically significant bites from non-front-fanged colubroids is methodically reviewed, and specific recommendations are provided


Bitemark Evidence

Author by : Robert B.J. Dorion
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 621
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Description : Experts in the field of bitemark evidence confront complexities ranging from the identification and collection of evidence, to microscopic analysis, to legal implications and courtroom admissibility. Now in its second edition, Bitemark Evidence reflects the knowledge, training, experience, opinions, and research of 27 authors from around the world


New Old And Forgotten Remedies

Author by : E. P. Anshutz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nanopathy
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
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Description : This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1917 Excerpt: ...Respiratory Organs: Towards the last of the proving two of the men developed acute symptoms like those of influenza. There was first a feeling of aching all over; and then a thick mucous discharge from the nose occurred, with a feeling of chilliness accompanied with sneezing. These men had no temperature, and the symptoms were evidently the result of taking the indol. They described their sensations at times as "a broken-up, grippy feeling." Extremities: One of the patients felt very tired and sore in the lower limbs. The feet burned all day long, and the condition became so aggravated that relief was sought by removing the shoe. The burning of the feet persisted for at least ten days of the proving, and the right foot became quite swollen and painful. The knee joints became so sore and tired that simply standing on the feet aggravated that condition. Another prover reported that his legs were sore, especially at the knees. There was pain at the calf, and also in the ball of the great toe of the right foot. The Skin: In one case, the skin on the left leg became dry and rough, and peeled off; in areas on the right foot below the ankle, it cracked and became sore. One prover, before commencing with the drug, reported an eruption on his body, which became very much irritated and itchy after taking violent exercise or from heat. He reports this eruption to be slowly, but surely disappearing, and his general health wonderfully improved. I will now supplement this proving with several clinical cases, showing the successful use of indol. Failures are not reported, because I wish to exploit the clinical place for indican. I believe that there is a great deal more to be developed from this substance, and I will ask the profession to put it to the test and ...


Phyllostomid Bats

Author by : Theodore H. Fleming
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 201
File Size : 52,9 Mb
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Description : "The Phyllostomidae family of bats is extremely ecologically diverse, displaying more morphological variation than any other mammal family. It also provides one of the most famed examples of adaptive radiation, an area of study that allows biologists to see the dramatic evidence of the power of natural selection and opportunism in the evolution of life on Earth. The bats are also a beloved subject of study by biologists-from mammologists to evolutionary biologists to conservation biologists-for the role they play in the health of tropical ecosystems, especially as key pollinators. Phyllostomid bats are abundant, occupying systems from the southwestern United States to Argentina and throughout the West Indies. The family's diversity represents itself through two hundred species and manifests mainly in skull morphology and diet. They suck blood, eat small vertebrates, enjoy occasional fruits, and sip nectar here and there, too. They have a distinctive nose, reminiscent of a creature from a Hieronymus Bosch painting, thought to have evolved in various forms to reflect the preferred diet of different species. This collection presents in great detail what is currently known of the bats and divulges a trove of information about this incredible example of mammalian radiation"--


Biology Of Sharks And Their Relatives Second Edition

Author by : Jeffrey C. Carrier
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 502
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Description : Virtually every area of research associated with sharks and their relatives has been strongly impacted by the revolutionary growth in technology. The questions we can now ask are very different than those reported even two decades ago. Modern immunological and genetic techniques, satellite telemetry and archival tagging, modern phylogenetic analysis, GIS, and bomb dating, are just a few of the techniques and procedures that have become a part of our investigative lexicon. A modern synthesis of the biology of Chondrichthyans, Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, Second Edition discusses significant advances in the development and application of new molecular techniques to the understanding of the phylogenetic relationships among and between these groups. The book considers the effect of global changes on the status of sharks and their relatives, and how advances in technology and analytical techniques have changed not only how we approach problem solving and scientific investigations, but how we formulate questions. The book also introduces applications of new and novel laboratory devices, techniques, and field instruments. This second edition of the award winning and groundbreaking original exploration of the fundamental elements of the taxonomy, systematics, physiology, and ecology of sharks, skates, rays, and chimera, presents cohesive and integrated coverage of key topics and discusses technological advances used in modern shark research. Offering a well-rounded picture for students and researchers, and far above competitors in scope and research, this new volume holds a wealth of data on the current status of Chondrichthyan research and provides the basis and springboard for original research. Cover photo by Justin Gilligan


The Bulletin Of Pharmacy

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 703
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description :


Approaches To Complex Predicates

Author by : Léa Nash
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 807
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : Complex predicates can be loosely defined as a sequence of items that behave as a single predicate, projecting a single argument structure within a clause. Each of the members of the predicate contributes part of the information ordinarily associated with a single head. The present volume presents a collection of theoretical linguistic results on the study of complex predicates in different perspectives and with a variety of approaches.


Evolution The Logic Of Biology

Author by : John S. Torday
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 157
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : By focusing on the cellular mechanisms that underlie ontogeny, phylogeny and regeneration of complex physiologic traits, Evolution, the Logic of Biology demonstrates the use of homeostasis, the fundamental principle of physiology and medicine, as the unifying mechanism for evolution as all of biology. The homeostasis principle can be used to understand how environmental stressors have affected physiologic mechanisms to generate condition-specific novelty through cellular mechanisms. Evolution, the Logic of Biology allows the reader to understand the vertebrate life-cycle as an intergenerational continuum in support of effective, on-going environmental adaptation. By understanding the principles of physiology from their fundamental unicellular origins, culminating in modern-day metazoans, the reader as student, researcher or practitioner will be encouraged to think in terms of the prevention of disease, rather than in the treatment of disease as the eradication of symptoms. By tracing the ontogeny and phylogeny of this and other phenotypic homologies, one can perceive and understand how complex physiologic traits have mechanistically evolved from their simpler ancestral and developmental origins as cellular structures and functions, providing a logic of biology for the first time. Evolution, the Logic of Biology will be an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers studying evolutionary development, medicine and biology, anthropology, comparative and developmental biology, genetics and genomics, and physiology.


Evolutionary Ecology Across Three Trophic Levels

Author by : Warren G. Abrahamson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
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File Size : 41,5 Mb
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Description : In a work that will interest researchers in ecology, genetics, botany, entomology, and parasitology, Warren Abrahamson and Arthur Weis present the results of more than twenty-five years of studying plant-insect interactions. Their study centers on the ecology and evolution of interactions among a host plant, the parasitic insect that attacks it, and the suite of insects and birds that are the natural enemies of the parasite. Because this system provides a model that can be subjected to experimental manipulations, it has allowed the authors to address specific theories and concepts that have guided biological research for more than two decades and to engage general problems in evolutionary biology. The specific subjects of research are the host plant goldenrod (Solidago), the parasitic insect Eurosta solidaginis (Diptera: Tephritidae) that induces a gall on the plant stem, and a number of natural enemies of the gallfly. By presenting their detailed empirical studies of the Solidago-Eurosta natural enemy system, the authors demonstrate the complexities of specialized enemy-victim interactions and, thereby, the complex interactive relationships among species more broadly. By utilizing a diverse array of field, laboratory, behavioral, genetic, chemical, and statistical techniques, Abrahamson and Weis present the most thorough study to date of a single system of interacting species. Their interest in the evolutionary ecology of plant-insect interactions leads them to insights on the evolution of species interactions in general. This major work will interest anyone involved in studying the ways in which interdependent species interact.


Encyclopedia Of Infant And Early Childhood Development

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 388
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive entry point into the existing literature on child development in the fields of psychology, genetics, neuroscience and sociology. Featuring 171 chapters, across 3 volumes, this work helps readers understand these developmental changes, when they occur, why they occur, how they occur, and the factors that influence development. Although some medical information is included, the emphasis lies mainly in normal growth, primarily from a psychological perspective. Comprehensive and in-depth scholarly articles cover theoretical, applied and basic science topics, providing an interdisciplinary approach. All articles have been completely updated, making this resource ideal for a wide range of readers, including advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and clinicians in developmental psychology, medicine, nursing, social science and early childhood education. Cutting-edge content that cover the period of neonates to age three Organized alphabetically by topic for ease of reference Provides in-depth scholarly articles, covering theoretical, applied and basic science Includes suggested readings at the end of each article


Guidelines For The Management Of Snakebites

Author by : World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia Staff
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Health Organization
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 427
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : Snakebites are well-known medical emergencies in many parts of the world, especially in rural areas. Agricultural workers and children are most affected. The incidence of snakebite mortality is particularly high in South-East Asia. Rational use of snake anti-venom can substantially reduce mortality and morbidity due to snake bites. These guidelines are a revised and updated version of those published in 2011. The geographical coverage extends from India in the west to DPR Korea and Indonesia in the east, Nepal and Bhutan in the north, and to Sri Lanka and Indonesia in the south and south-east. Snakes inhabiting the Indonesian islands east of Wallace's line (West Papua and Maluku Islands) are part of the Australasian elapid fauna, differing from those west of this line. This publication passes on a digest of available knowledge about all clinical aspects of snake-bite to medically trained personnel, including medical doctors, nurses, dispensers and community health workers. They will provide sufficient practical information to allow medically trained personnel to assess and treat patients with snake-bites at different levels of the health service.


Bats Mosquitoes And Dollars

Author by : Charles A. R. Campbell
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Minerva Group, Inc.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 805
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Description : Dr. Campbell and this particular book attracted a lot of attention in 1925, and the book was lauded by leading naturalists of the day, including Theodore Roosevelt, Lord Rothschild, and Ernest Thompson Seton. Dr. Campbell's revolutionary examinations of the bat and mosquito (and dragon fly) contributed much to the fight against malaria. He invented the first Bat-roost.


Business Process Management Workshops

Author by : Stefanie Rinderle-Ma
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 451
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : Business process management (BPM) constitutes one of the most exciting - search areas in computer science and the BPM Conference together with its workshops provides a distinct platform for presenting the latest research and showing future directions in this area. These proceedings contain the ?nal v- sions of papers accepted for the workshops held in conjunction with the 7th International Conference on Business Process Management (BPM 2009). The BPM 2009 conference and workshops took place in Ulm, Germany. We received many interesting workshop proposals, eight of which were selected. Ultimately the workshops ran on September 7, 2009 featuring highly interesting keynotes, inspiring scienti?c presentations, and fruitful discussions. The history of ?ve years of BPM workshops in a row proves the continued success of the workshop program. Theworkshopsheldin2009includedonenewworkshoponempiricalresearch in business process management and seven well-established workshops. First International Workshop on Empirical Research in Business Process Management(ER-BPM 2009). The ER-BPM 2009 workshop addressed the demand for empirical research methods such as experimental or case studies to BPM and invited fellow colleagues to investigate both the potential and the limitations of BPM methods and technologies in practice. The ER-BPM workshop aimed at closing the gap in knowledge on process management and at discussing empirical research in the space of BPM and associated phenomena. 12th International Workshop on Reference Modeling (RefMod 2009). Although conceptual models have proven to be a useful means to support information systems engineering in the past few years, creating and especiallymaintainingconceptualmodelscanbequitechallengingandcostly.


Animal Vocal Communication

Author by : Eugene S. Morton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 645
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : How do animals communicate using sounds? How did animal vocal communication arise and evolve? Exploring a new way to conceptualize animal communication, this new edition moves beyond an earlier emphasis on the role of senders in managing receiver behaviour, to examine how receivers' responses influence signalling. It demonstrates the importance of the perceiver role in driving the evolution of communication, for instance in mimicry, and thus shifts the emphasis from a linguistic to a form/function approach to communication. Covering a wide range of animals from frogs to humans, this new edition includes new sections on human prosodic elements in speech, the vocal origins of smiles and laughter and deliberately irritating sounds and is ideal for researchers and students of animal behaviour and in fields such as sensory biology, neuroscience and evolutionary biology.


Snakes Of The American West

Author by : Charles E. Shaw
Languange : en
Publisher by : Knopf Books for Young Readers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 926
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description :


Handbook Of Natural Toxins

Author by : Anthony Tu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 415
File Size : 43,8 Mb
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Description : In 24 contributed chapters, 37 international specialists describe the latest developments in research on snake venom including different types of venoms and toxins, actions, antidotes, and applications and summarize what is known to date on Gila monster and frog toxins. Some 70 tables provide essent


Venomous

Author by : Christie Wilcox
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 785
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : A thrilling tale of encounters with nature’s masters of biochemistry From the coasts of Indonesia to the rainforests of Peru, venomous animals are everywhere—and often lurking out of sight. Humans have feared them for centuries, long considering them the assassins and pariahs of the natural world. Now, in Venomous, the biologist Christie Wilcox investigates and illuminates the animals of our nightmares, arguing that they hold the keys to a deeper understanding of evolution, adaptation, and immunity. She reveals just how venoms function and what they do to the human body. With Wilcox as our guide, we encounter a jellyfish with tentacles covered in stinging cells that can kill humans in minutes; a two-inch caterpillar with toxic bristles that trigger hemorrhaging; and a stunning blue-ringed octopus capable of inducing total paralysis. How do these animals go about their deadly work? How did they develop such intricate, potent toxins? Wilcox takes us around the world and down to the cellular level to find out. Throughout her journey, Wilcox meets the intrepid scientists who risk their lives studying these lethal beasts, as well as “self-immunizers” who deliberately expose themselves to snakebites. Along the way, she puts her own life on the line, narrowly avoiding being envenomated herself. Drawing on her own research, Wilcox explains how venom scientists are untangling the mechanisms of some of our most devastating diseases, and reports on pharmacologists who are already exploiting venoms to produce lifesaving drugs. We discover that venomous creatures are in fact keystone species that play crucial roles in their ecosystems and ours—and for this alone, they ought to be protected and appreciated. Thrilling and surprising at every turn, Venomous will change everything you thought you knew about the planet’s most dangerous animals.