Evolution

Evolution
Author: Alice Roberts
Publsiher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2018-07-05
ISBN: 0241365805
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution Book Excerpt:

Travel back in time eight million years to explore the roots of the human family tree. Interweaving latest discoveries, maps, and incredible illustrations, Evolution tells the story of our origins and helps us better understand our species, from tree-dwelling primates to modern 21st-century humans. Renowned Dutch paleoartists the Kennis brothers bring our ancestors to life with their beautiful, accurate reconstructions that visually trace each step in our evolutionary history. Combined with clear prose, this comprehensive yet accessible book provides a rich history of each stage of human evolution, from human anatomy and behaviour to the environment we live in. It also explains how Homo sapiens originated, evolved, and then migrated and colonized the entire planet. Written and authenticated by a team of experts and with a foreword by Dr Alice Roberts, Evolution is a sweeping account of humans and our place in it.

EVOLUTION RELOADED

EVOLUTION RELOADED
Author: Taachal
Publsiher: Author Taachal
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2021-03-11
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

EVOLUTION RELOADED Book Excerpt:

Every conscious person on the earth is curious to know how the species of human beings along with other living systems as well as the whole universe came into existence. The theory of Darwin which ignited the imaginations of many generations of thinking people all over the world even to this day is no more than a hypothesis, except for the concept of speciation which can be a working principle to understand about minor changes that a species undergoes over a period of time. In this new theory of evolution, in what can be called as a syncretism of the ideas of the East and the West, the author takes a convincing turn from the realm of external attributes or the form of an organism to the realm of internal attributes or the life of an organism to unfurl a new hypothesis which can give more logical answers to the mysteries of evolution.

Artificial Evolution

Artificial Evolution
Author: Jin-Kao Hao,Pierrick Legrand,Pierre Collet,Nicolas Monmarché,Evelyne Lutton,Marc Schoenauer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2012-11-28
ISBN: 3642355331
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Evolution Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes selected best papers from the 10th International Conference on Artificial Evolution, EA 2011, held in Angers, France, in October 2011. Initially, 33 full papers and 10 post papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 64 submissions. This book presents the 19 best papers selected from these contributions. The papers are organized in topical sections on ant colony optimization; multi-objective optimization; analysis; implementation and robotics; combinatorial optimization; learning and parameter tuning; new nature inspired models; probabilistic algorithms; theory and evolutionary search; and applications.

Evolution Fact or Fable

Evolution Fact or Fable
Author: J. Robert Kirk J.D.
Publsiher: Covenant Books, Inc.
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2022-06-24
ISBN: 1638853193
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution Fact or Fable Book Excerpt:

This book distills twenty-five-plus years of personal study done by a Harvard Law-trained trial attorney to determine whether Darwin’s big idea—the notion that more complex species evolved from more simple ancestors—is supported by the scientific evidence. Spoiler alert: it is not. Yet most Americans have been taught to believe that Darwin’s theory has been proven beyond all reasonable doubt. Sadly, most people do not have nearly enough time to do the reading and study necessary to understand that this belief is false. This book changes all that. It is unique in that it presents technical information from more than a dozen important books in a form that is both brief and easily understood. Readers can learn a series of decisive truths about Darwin’s big idea in just a few hours...truths that may well take them completely by surprise.

Handbook of Grammatical Evolution

Handbook of Grammatical Evolution
Author: Conor Ryan,Michael O'Neill,JJ Collins
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2018-09-11
ISBN: 3319787179
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Grammatical Evolution Book Excerpt:

This handbook offers a comprehensive treatise on Grammatical Evolution (GE), a grammar-based Evolutionary Algorithm that employs a function to map binary strings into higher-level structures such as programs. GE's simplicity and modular nature make it a very flexible tool. Since its introduction almost twenty years ago, researchers have applied it to a vast range of problem domains, including financial modelling, parallel programming and genetics. Similarly, much work has been conducted to exploit and understand the nature of its mapping scheme, triggering additional research on everything from different grammars to alternative mappers to initialization. The book first introduces GE to the novice, providing a thorough description of GE along with historical key advances. Two sections follow, each composed of chapters from international leading researchers in the field. The first section concentrates on analysis of GE and its operation, giving valuable insight into set up and deployment. The second section consists of seven chapters describing radically different applications of GE. The contributions in this volume are beneficial to both novices and experts alike, as they detail the results and researcher experiences of applying GE to large scale and difficult problems. Topics include: • Grammar design • Bias in GE • Mapping in GE • Theory of disruption in GE · Structured GE · Geometric semantic GE · GE and semantics · Multi- and Many-core heterogeneous parallel GE · Comparing methods to creating constants in GE · Financial modelling with GE · Synthesis of parallel programs on multi-cores · Design, architecture and engineering with GE · Computational creativity and GE · GE in the prediction of glucose for diabetes · GE approaches to bioinformatics and system genomics · GE with coevolutionary algorithms in cybersecurity · Evolving behaviour trees with GE for platform games · Business analytics and GE for the prediction of patient recruitment in multicentre clinical trials

Artificial Evolution

Artificial Evolution
Author: Pierre Collet,Cyril Fonlupt,Jin-Kao Hao,Evelyne Lutton,Marc Schoenauer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2003-08-01
ISBN: 3540460330
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Evolution Book Excerpt:

The Evolution Arti?cielle cycle of conferences was originally initiated as a forum for the French-speaking evolutionary computation community. Previous EA m- tings were held in Toulouse (EA’94), Brest (EA’95, LNCS 1063), Nˆ?mes (EA’97, LNCS 1363), Dunkerque (EA’99, LNCS 1829), and ?nally, EA 2001 was hosted by the Universit ́e de Bourgogne in the small town of Le Creusot, in an area of France renowned for its excellent wines. However, the EA conferences have been receiving more and more papers from the international community: this conference can be considered fully internat- nal, with 39submissions from non-francophonic countries on all ?ve continents, out of a total of 68. Out of these 68 papers, only 28 were presented orally (41%) due to the formula of the conference (single session with presentations of 30 minutes) that all participants seem to appreciate a lot. The Organizing Committee wishes to thank the members of the International Program Committee for their hard work (mainly due to the large number of submissions) and for the service they rendered to the community by ensuring the high scienti?c content of the papers presented. Actually, the overall quality of the papers presented was very high and all 28 presentations are included in this volume, grouped in 8 sections which more or less re?ect the organization of the oral session: 1. Invited Paper: P. Bentley gave a great talk on his classi?cation of int- disciplinary collaborations, and showed us some of his work with musicians and biologists.

Cultural Evolution

Cultural Evolution
Author: Gary M. Feinman,Linda Manzanilla
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 269
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461541735
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cultural Evolution Book Excerpt:

Drawing on Kent Flannery's forty years of cross-cultural research in the area, the contributors to this collection reflect the current diversity of contemporary approaches to the study of cultural evolutionary processes. Collectively the volume expresses the richness of the issues being investigated by comparative theorists interested in long-term change, as well as the wide variety of data, approaches, and ideas that researchers are employing to examine these questions.

Integrated Molecular Evolution

Integrated Molecular Evolution
Author: Scott Orland Rogers
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2011-07-27
ISBN: 1466503106
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Molecular Evolution Book Excerpt:

Molecular evolution, phylogenetics, genomics, and other related topics are all critical to understanding evolutionary processes. All too frequently, however, they are treated separately in textbooks and courses, such that students fail to connect all of the concepts, principles, and nuances of the evolutionary processes. Integrated Molecular Evolut

Darwinian Sociocultural Evolution

Darwinian Sociocultural Evolution
Author: Marion Blute
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010-01-14
ISBN: 1139485113
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Darwinian Sociocultural Evolution Book Excerpt:

Social scientists can learn a lot from evolutionary biology - from systematics and principles of evolutionary ecology to theories of social interaction including competition, conflict and cooperation, as well as niche construction, complexity, eco-evo-devo, and the role of the individual in evolutionary processes. Darwinian sociocultural evolutionary theory applies the logic of Darwinism to social-learning based cultural and social change. With a multidisciplinary approach for graduate biologists, philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, social psychologists, archaeologists, linguists, economists, political scientists and science and technology specialists, the author presents this model of evolution drawing on a number of sophisticated aspects of biological evolutionary theory. The approach brings together a broad and inclusive theoretical framework for understanding the social sciences which addresses many of the dilemmas at their forefront - the relationship between history and necessity, conflict and cooperation, the ideal and the material and the problems of agency, subjectivity and the nature of social structure.

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age
Author: Stephen K. Sanderson
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2018-01-25
ISBN: 1350047449
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age Book Excerpt:

Religious Evolution and the Axial Age describes and explains the evolution of religion over the past ten millennia. It shows that an overall evolutionary sequence can be observed, running from the spirit and shaman dominated religions of small-scale societies, to the archaic religions of the ancient civilizations, and then to the salvation religions of the Axial Age. Stephen K. Sanderson draws on ideas from new cognitive and evolutionary psychological theories, as well as comparative religion, anthropology, history, and sociology. He argues that religion is a biological adaptation that evolved in order to solve a number of human problems, especially those concerned with existential anxiety and ontological insecurity. Much of the focus of the book is on the Axial Age, the period in the second half of the first millennium BCE that marked the greatest religious transformation in world history. The book demonstrates that, as a result of massive increases in the scale and scope of war and large-scale urbanization, the problems of existential anxiety and ontological insecurity became particularly acute. These changes evoked new religious needs, especially for salvation and release from suffering. As a result entirely new religions-Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism-arose to help people cope with the demands of the new historical era.

Three Views on Creation and Evolution

Three Views on Creation and Evolution
Author: Zondervan,
Publsiher: Zondervan Academic
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2010-06-01
ISBN: 0310873983
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Three Views on Creation and Evolution Book Excerpt:

For Christians, the issues raised by the different views on creation and evolution are challenging. Can a "young earth" be reconciled with a universe that appears to be billions of years old? Does scientific evidence point to a God who designed the universe and life in all its complexity? Three Views on Creation and Evolution deals with these and similar concerns as it looks at three dominant schools of Christian thought. Proponents of young earth creationism, old earth creationism, and theistic evolution each present their different views, tell why the controversy is important, and describe the interplay between their understandings of science and theology. Each view is critiqued by various scholars, and the entire discussion is summarized by Phillip E. Johnson and Richard H. Bube. The Counterpoints series provides a forum for comparison and critique of different views on issues important to Christians. Counterpoints books address two categories: Church Life and Bible and Theology. Complete your library with other books in the Counterpoints series.

Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution

Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution
Author: Zdenek Kopal,Jürgen H. Rahe
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400978618
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the 69th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in Bamberg, F.R.G., August 31-September 3, 1981

The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies

The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies
Author: Chris D. Jiggins
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-01-27
ISBN: 0192509071
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies Book Excerpt:

The Heliconius butterflies are one of the classic systems in evolutionary biology and have contributed hugely to our understanding of evolution over the last 150 years. Their dramatic radiation and remarkable mimicry has fascinated biologists since the days of Bates, Wallace, and Darwin. The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies is the first thorough and accessible treatment of the ecology, genetics, and behaviour of these butterflies, exploring how they offer remarkable insights into tropical biodiversity. The book starts by outlining some of the evolutionary questions that Heliconius research has helped to address, then moves on to an overview of the butterflies themselves and their ecology and behaviour before focussing on wing pattern evolution, and finally, speciation. Richly illustrated with 32 colour plates, this book makes the extensive scientific literature on Heliconius butterflies accessible to a wide audience of professional ecologists, evolutionary biologists, entomologists, and amateur collectors.

The Development and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns

The Development and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns
Author: H. Frederik Nijhout
Publsiher: Smithsonian Institution
Total Pages: 315
Release: 1991-08-17
ISBN: 0874749174
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Development and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns Book Excerpt:

Integrating the results of comparative morphology, experiments on pattern development, the genetics of color patterns, and theoretical modeling of pattern formation, Nijhout shows that the enormous diversity of natural patterns arises largely from quantitative variations in a small set of readily understandable generating rules.

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms
Author: National Academy of Sciences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2000-11-11
ISBN: 0309070996
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms Book Excerpt:

"The present book is intended as a progress report on [the] synthetic approach to evolution as it applies to the plant kingdom." With this simple statement, G. Ledyard Stebbins formulated the objectives of Variation and Evolution in Plants, published in 1950, setting forth for plants what became known as the "synthetic theory of evolution" or "the modern synthesis." The pervading conceit of the book was the molding of Darwin's evolution by natural selection within the framework of rapidly advancing genetic knowledge. At the time, Variation and Evolution in Plants significantly extended the scope of the science of plants. Plants, with their unique genetic, physiological, and evolutionary features, had all but been left completely out of the synthesis until that point. Fifty years later, the National Academy of Sciences convened a colloquium to update the advances made by Stebbins. This collection of 17 papers marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Stebbins' classic. Organized into five sections, the book covers: early evolution and the origin of cells, virus and bacterial models, protoctist models, population variation, and trends and patterns in plant evolution.

The Evolution of Mammalian Characters

The Evolution of Mammalian Characters
Author: D. M. Kermack
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 149
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN: 1468478176
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Mammalian Characters Book Excerpt:

This book is not intended to give a full and comprehensive account of the Mesozoic mammals, and nor is it intended as a handbook for research workers studying pre-Tertiary mammals. Our intention is to give an account of the origin and evolution of certain of the characters of the Mammalia. We have tried to portray the fossils we describe as the living animals they once were, not as dead bones. Our account ends with the end of the Lower Cretaceous, since by that time the major characters of the mammals had become established. There exist a number of characters which, at the present day, are confined to the Mammalia. These include: (1) a jaw articulation formed by the squamosal and the dentary; (2) a chain of three bones, malleus, incus and stapes connecting the tympanic membrane to the inner ear; (3) the presence of hair or fur; (4) the presence of milk-glands in the female; (5) the left aortic arch is the systemic arch; (6) the phalangeal formula in both manus and pes is 2.3.3.3.3; (7) some of the teeth have more than one root. Of these characters (1) or (2) are sufficient by themselves to define a mammal; characters (6) and (7) are known to have been already in existence in some of the mammal-like reptiles - the ancestors of the mammals.

Multimodal Mating Signals Evolution Genetics and Physiological Background

Multimodal Mating Signals  Evolution  Genetics and Physiological Background
Author: Astrid T. Groot,Varvara Yu. Vedenina
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2021-02-17
ISBN: 2889664880
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multimodal Mating Signals Evolution Genetics and Physiological Background Book Excerpt:

A Stability Technique for Evolution Partial Differential Equations

A Stability Technique for Evolution Partial Differential Equations
Author: Victor A. Galaktionov,Juan Luis Vázquez
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461220505
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Stability Technique for Evolution Partial Differential Equations Book Excerpt:

* Introduces a state-of-the-art method for the study of the asymptotic behavior of solutions to evolution partial differential equations. * Written by established mathematicians at the forefront of their field, this blend of delicate analysis and broad application is ideal for a course or seminar in asymptotic analysis and nonlinear PDEs. * Well-organized text with detailed index and bibliography, suitable as a course text or reference volume.

The Evolution of Marriage and of the Family

The Evolution of Marriage and of the Family
Author: Ch. Letourneau
Publsiher: Good Press
Total Pages: 283
Release: 2022-08-21
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Fiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Marriage and of the Family Book Excerpt:

"The Evolution of Marriage and of the Family" by Ch. Letourneau. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses Adaptation and Evolution

Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses  Adaptation and Evolution
Author: Akio Adachi,Masako Nomaguchi
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 421
Release: 2017-11-30
ISBN: 2889453480
Category: Electronic book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses Adaptation and Evolution Book Excerpt:

Viruses are widely present in nature, and numerous viral species with a variety of unique characteristics have been identified so far. Even now, new emerging or re-emerging viruses are being found or re-found as novel viral classes or as quasi-species. Indeed, viruses are everywhere. Of note, viruses are pivotal as targets and tools of basic and applied sciences. On one hand, portions of the viruses are infectious for animals including humans, and cause various diseases in infected hosts by distinct mechanisms and at a different level of severity. While many of viruses are known to co-exist quietly with their hosts, pathogenic viruses certainly affect and threaten our society as well as individuals to provoke serious medical or economic attention. We should act against certain dreadful and highly infectious viruses as a global problem. Animal RNA viruses can readily mutate to adapt themselves in their hostile environments for their survival. Resultant viruses may sometimes show essentially altered phenotypes from the original parental strains. This fundamental and general property of animal RNA viruses represents major extensive issues of scientific, medical, and/or economic importance. In this Research Topic, we have focused on the high mutability of animal RNA viruses, and selected relevant articles on animal viruses of broad-ranges such as primate lentiviruses, influenza viruses, paramyxoviruses, flaviviruses, rabies virus, norovirus, picornaviruses, and picobirnavirus. Each article has taken up intriguing aspects of the subject viruses. We are sure that readers acquire important information on virus mutation, adaptation, diversification, and evolution, and hope that researchers in the field related to virology gain some solid hints from the reported articles for further virological and /or medical studies. Finally, we thank all the contributing researchers in this Research Topic, entitled “Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses: Adaptation and Evolution”, for their elegant and interesting works.