Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science
Author: Fabien Mathy,Mustapha Chekaf
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2018-11-22
ISBN: 0081027974
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Software Simulation and Modeling in Psychology: MATLAB, SPSS, Excel and E-Prime describes all the stages of psychology experimentation, from the manipulation of factors, to statistical analysis, data modeling, and automated stimuli creation. The book shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive. For example, it shows how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste), generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software), and transform and recode tables of data. This type of modeling in psychology helps determine if a model fits the data, and also demonstrates that the algorithmic is not only useful, but essential for modeling data. Covers the entire process of experimenting, from designing an experiment, to modeling the data Shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive Contains sections on how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste) and generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software)

The Experimental Side of Modeling

The Experimental Side of Modeling
Author: Isabelle F. Peschard,Bas C. van Fraassen
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2018-10-02
ISBN: 1452957452
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Experimental Side of Modeling Book Excerpt:

An innovative, multifaceted approach to scientific experiments as designed by and shaped through interaction with the modeling process The role of scientific modeling in mediation between theories and phenomena is a critical topic within the philosophy of science, touching on issues from climate modeling to synthetic models in biology, high energy particle physics, and cognitive sciences. Offering a radically new conception of the role of data in the scientific modeling process as well as a new awareness of the problematic aspects of data, this cutting-edge volume offers a multifaceted view on experiments as designed and shaped in interaction with the modeling process. Contributors address such issues as the construction of models in conjunction with scientific experimentation; the status of measurement and the function of experiment in the identification of relevant parameters; how the phenomena under study are reconceived when accounted for by a model; and the interplay between experimenting, modeling, and simulation when results do not mesh. Highlighting the mediating role of models and the model-dependence (as well as theory-dependence) of data measurement, this volume proposes a normative and conceptual innovation in scientific modeling—that the phenomena to be investigated and modeled must not be precisely identified at the start but specified during the course of the interactions arising between experimental and modeling activities. Contributors: Nancy D. Cartwright, U of California, San Diego; Anthony Chemero, U of Cincinnati; Ronald N. Giere, U of Minnesota; Jenann Ismael, U of Arizona; Tarja Knuuttila, U of South Carolina; Andrea Loettgers, U of Bern, Switzerland; Deborah Mayo, Virginia Tech; Joseph Rouse, Wesleyan U; Paul Teller, U of California, Davis; Michael Weisberg, U of Pennsylvania; Eric Winsberg, U of South Florida.

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Methodology

Stevens  Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience  Methodology
Author: John T. Wixted
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2018-03-13
ISBN: 1119170125
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Methodology Book Excerpt:

V. Methodology: E. J. Wagenmakers (Volume Editor) Topics covered include methods and models in categorization; cultural consensus theory; network models for clinical psychology; response time modeling; analyzing neural time series data; models and methods for reinforcement learning; convergent methods of memory research; theories for discriminating signal from noise; bayesian cognitive modeling; mathematical modeling in cognition and cognitive neuroscience; the stop-signal paradigm; hypothesis testing and statistical inference; model comparison in psychology; fmri; neural recordings; open science; neural networks and neurocomputational modeling; serial versus parallel processing; methods in psychophysics.

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules
Author: Daniel Gall
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2021-10-11
ISBN: 3754396781
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules Book Excerpt:

Computational cognitive modeling explores cognition by building computational models for cognitive processes, mechanisms and representations. Currently, implementations of cognitive models lack a formal foundation. This inhibits analysis. In this thesis, the cognitive architecture Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational (ACT-R) is formalized and embedded into the rule-based programming language Constraint Handling Rules (CHR). The powerful analytical methods of CHR, particularly confluence analysis, are extended by reasoning modulo equivalence relations. The results are applied to the domain of cognitive modeling.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science
Author: Jay Friedenberg,Gordon Silverman,Michael J. Spivey
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2021-09-16
ISBN: 1544380178
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Science provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the study of the mind. The authors examine the mind from the perspective of different fields, including philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, networks, evolution, emotional and social cognition, linguistics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and the new framework of embodied cognition. Each chapter focuses on a particular disciplinary approach and explores methodologies, theories, and empirical findings. Substantially updated with new and expanded content, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest research in this rapidly evolving field.

Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Cognitive Science Society,POLSON
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1108
Release: 1993
ISBN: 9780805814873
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Excerpt:

This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 15th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science
Author: Dionysios Anapolitanos,Aristeidēs Baltas,Stavroula Tsinorema
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 303
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9780847681754
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science Book Excerpt:

This collection of original papers by an international group of distinguished philosophers of science impressively demonstrates the links among the philosophic points of view, areas of focus, and methods of treatment used in examining the many facets of scientific inquiry. It will be an indispensable collection for philosophers of science and scientists of various disciplines, including physicists, neuroscientists, and psychologists.

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1075
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780805838794
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Excerpt:

Vol inclu all ppers & postrs presntd at 2000 Cog Sci mtg & summaries of symposia & invitd addresses. Dealg wth issues of representg & modelg cog procsses, appeals to scholars in all subdiscip tht comprise cog sci: psy, compu sci, neuro sci, ling, & philo

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy 4 Volume Set

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy  4 Volume Set
Author: Robert T. Craig
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 2368
Release: 2016-10-31
ISBN: 1118290739
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy 4 Volume Set Book Excerpt:

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy is the definitive single-source reference work on the subject, with state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on key issues from leading international experts. It is available both online and in print. A state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on the key issues raised by communication, covering the history, systematics, and practical potential of communication theory Articles by leading experts offer an unprecedented level of accuracy and balance Provides comprehensive, clear entries which are both cross-national and cross-disciplinary in nature The Encyclopedia presents a truly international perspective with authors and positions representing not just Europe and North America, but also Latin America and Asia Published both online and in print Part of The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication series, published in conjunction with the International Communication Association

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy
Author: Justin Sytsma,Wesley Buckwalter
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2016-05-31
ISBN: 1118661702
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy Book Excerpt:

This is a comprehensive collection of essays that explores cutting-edge work in experimental philosophy, a radical new movement that applies quantitative and empirical methods to traditional topics of philosophical inquiry. Situates the discipline within Western philosophy and then surveys the work of experimental philosophers by sub-discipline Contains insights for a diverse range of fields, including linguistics, cognitive science, anthropology, economics, and psychology, as well as almost every area of professional philosophy today Edited by two rising scholars who take a broad and inclusive approach to the field Offers a complete introduction for non-specialists and students to the central approaches, findings, challenges, and controversies in experimental philosophy

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems
Author: John M. Flach,Peter A. Hancock,Jeff Caird,Kim J. Vicente
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2018-04-20
ISBN: 1351444654
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems Book Excerpt:

There is a growing consensus in the human factors/ergonomics community that human factors research has had little impact on significant applied problems. Some have suggested that the problem lies in the fact that much HF/E research has been based on the wrong type of psychology, an information processing view of psychology that is reductionistic and context-free. Ecological psychology offers a viable alternative, presenting a richer view of human behavior that is holistic and contextualized. The papers presented in these two volumes show the conceptual impact that ecological psychology can have on HF/E, as well as presenting a number of specific examples illustrating the ecological approach to human-machine systems. It is the first collection of papers that explicitly draws a connection between these two fields. While work in this area is only just beginning, the evidence available suggests that taking an ecological approach to human factors/ergonomics helps bridge the existing gap between basic research and applied problems.

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science
Author: Lorenzo Magnani,Tommaso Bertolotti
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1180
Release: 2017-05-22
ISBN: 3319305263
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science Book Excerpt:

This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

Thought Experiments in Science Philosophy and the Arts

Thought Experiments in Science  Philosophy  and the Arts
Author: Melanie Frappier,Letitia Meynell,James Robert Brown
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2012-09-10
ISBN: 1136285997
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thought Experiments in Science Philosophy and the Arts Book Excerpt:

From Lucretius throwing a spear beyond the boundary of the universe to Einstein racing against a beam of light, thought experiments stand as a fascinating challenge to the necessity of data in the empirical sciences. Are these experiments, conducted uniquely in our imagination, simply rhetorical devices or communication tools or are they an essential part of scientific practice? This volume surveys the current state of the debate and explores new avenues of research into the epistemology of thought experiments.

Thought Experiments in Philosophy Science and the Arts

Thought Experiments in Philosophy  Science  and the Arts
Author: Mélanie Frappier,Letitia Meynell,James Robert Brown
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2012
ISBN: 0415885442
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thought Experiments in Philosophy Science and the Arts Book Excerpt:

From Lucretius throwing a spear beyond the boundary of the universe to Einstein racing against a beam of light, thought experiments stand as a fascinating challenge to the necessity of data in the empirical sciences. Are these experiments, conducted uniquely in our imagination, simply rhetorical devices or communication tools or are they an essential part of scientific practice? This volume surveys the current state of the debate and explores new avenues of research into the epistemology of thought experiments.

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 800
Release: 1995
ISBN: 9780805821598
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Excerpt:

This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 17th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Philosophy and Cognitive Science
Author: Lorenzo Magnani,Ping Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2012-07-13
ISBN: 3642299288
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

The book addresses a number of recent topics at the crossroad of philosophy and cognitive science, taking advantage of both the western and the eastern perspectives and conceptions that emerged and were discussed at the PCS2011 Conference recently held in Guangzhou. The ever growing cultural exchange between academics and intellectual belonging to different cultures is reverberated by the juxtaposition of papers, which aim at investigating new facets of crucial problems in philosophy: the role of models in science and the fictional approach; chance seeking dynamics and how affordances work; abductive cognition; visualization in science; the cognitive structure of scientific theories; scientific representation; mathematical representation in science; model-based reasoning; analogical reasoning; moral cognition; cognitive niches and evolution.

Proceedings of the European Cognitive Science Conference 2007

Proceedings of the European Cognitive Science Conference 2007
Author: Stella Vosniadou,Daniel Kayser,Athanassios Protopapas
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2017-09-29
ISBN: 1317705564
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the European Cognitive Science Conference 2007 Book Excerpt:

This volume contains the invited lectures, invited symposia, symposia, papers and posters presented at the 2nd European Cognitive Science Conference held in Greece in May 2007. The papers presented in this volume range from empirical psychological studies and computational models to philosophical arguments, meta-analyses and even to neuroscientific experimentation. The quality of the work shows that the Cognitive Science Society in Europe is an exciting and vibrant one. There are 210 contributions by cognitive scientists from 27 different countries, including USA, France, UK, Germany, Greece, Italy, Belgium, Japan, Spain, the Netherlands, and Australia. This book will be of interest to anyone concerned with current research in Cognitive Science.

The Cognitive Science of Science

The Cognitive Science of Science
Author: Paul Thagard
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2012-04-06
ISBN: 0262300974
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cognitive Science of Science Book Excerpt:

A cognitive science perspective on scientific development, drawing on philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and computational modeling. Many disciplines, including philosophy, history, and sociology, have attempted to make sense of how science works. In this book, Paul Thagard examines scientific development from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science. Cognitive science combines insights from researchers in many fields: philosophers analyze historical cases, psychologists carry out behavioral experiments, neuroscientists perform brain scans, and computer modelers write programs that simulate thought processes. Thagard develops cognitive perspectives on the nature of explanation, mental models, theory choice, and resistance to scientific change, considering disbelief in climate change as a case study. He presents a series of studies that describe the psychological and neural processes that have led to breakthroughs in science, medicine, and technology. He shows how discoveries of new theories and explanations lead to conceptual change, with examples from biology, psychology, and medicine. Finally, he shows how the cognitive science of science can integrate descriptive and normative concerns; and he considers the neural underpinnings of certain scientific concepts.

Computational Modeling of Cognition and Behavior

Computational Modeling of Cognition and Behavior
Author: Simon Farrell,Stephan Lewandowsky
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 503
Release: 2018-02-22
ISBN: 110710999X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Modeling of Cognition and Behavior Book Excerpt:

This book presents an integrated framework for developing and testing computational models in psychology and related disciplines. Researchers and students are given the knowledge and tools to interpret models published in their area, as well as to develop, fit, and test their own models.

Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science

Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science
Author: Henri Cohen,Claire Lefebvre
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1136
Release: 2005-10-25
ISBN: 9780080457413
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Categorization, the basic cognitive process of arranging objects into categories, is a fundamental process in human and machine intelligence and is central to investigations and research in cognitive science. Until now, categorization has been approached from singular disciplinary perspectives with little overlap or communication between the disciplines involved (Linguistics, Psychology, Philosophy, Neuroscience, Computer Science, Cognitive Anthropology). Henri Cohen and Claire Lefebvre have gathered together a stellar collection of contributors in this unique, ambitious attempt to bring together converging disciplinary and conceptual perspectives on this topic. "Categorization is a key concept across the range of cognitive sciences, including linguistics and philosophy, yet hitherto it has been hard to find accounts that go beyond the concerns of one or two individual disciplines. The Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science provides just the sort of interdisciplinary approach that is necessary to synthesize knowledge from the different fields and provide the basis for future innovation." Professor Bernard Comrie, Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany "Anyone concerned with language, semantics, or categorization will want to have this encyclopedic collection." Professor Eleanor Rosch, Dept of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, USA