Knowledge based Expert Systems in Chemistry

Knowledge based Expert Systems in Chemistry
Author: Philip Judson
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 211
Release: 2009
ISBN: 0854041605
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge based Expert Systems in Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This is currently the only book available on the development of knowledge-based, and related, expert systems in chemistry and toxicology. Written by a pioneer in the field, it shows how computers can work with qualitative information where precise numerical methods are not satisfactory. An underlying theme is the current concern in society about the conflicts between basing decisions on reasoned judgements and wanting precise decisions and measurable effectiveness. As well as explaining how the computer programs work, the book provides insights into how personal and political factors influence scientific progress. The introduction of regulations such as REACH in Europe and modifications to UN and OECD Guidelines on assessment of chemical hazard mean that the use of toxicity prediction is at a turning point. They put a heavy burden on the chemical industry but, for the first time, allow for the use of computer prediction to support or replace in vivo and in vitro experiments. There is increasing recognition among scientists and regulators that qualitative computer methods have much to offer and that in some circumstances they may be more reliable and informative than quantitative methods. This excellent introduction to a field where employment opportunities are growing is aimed at students, scientists and academics with a knowledge of chemistry.

Expert Systems in Chemistry Research

Expert Systems in Chemistry Research
Author: Markus C. Hemmer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2007-12-13
ISBN: 9781420053241
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expert Systems in Chemistry Research Book Excerpt:

Expert systems allow scientists to access, manage, and apply data and specialized knowledge from various disciplines to their own research. Expert Systems in Chemistry Research explains the general scientific basis and computational principles behind expert systems and demonstrates how they can improve the efficiency of scientific workflows and support decision-making processes. Focused initially on clarifying the fundamental concepts, limits, and drawbacks of using computer software to approach human decision making, the author also underscores the importance of putting theory into practice. The book highlights current capabilities for planning and monitoring experiments, scientific data management and interpretation, chemical characterization, problem solving, and methods for encoding chemical data. It also examines the challenges as well as requirements, strategies, and considerations for implementing expert systems effectively in an existing laboratory software environment. Expert Systems in Chemistry Research covers various artificial intelligence technologies used to support expert systems, including nonlinear statistics, wavelet transforms, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, and fuzzy logic. This definitive text provides researchers, scientists, and engineers with a cornerstone resource for developing new applications in chemoinformatics, systems design, and other emerging fields.

TRAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry

TRAC  Trends in Analytical Chemistry
Author: U A Th Brinkman,A. E. Bruno,A. L. Burlingame
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2013-09-17
ISBN: 1483274705
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

TRAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry Book Excerpt:

TRAC: Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 10 presents relevant topics in global analytical chemistry research. This book discusses the potential of flow injection analysis for water quality monitoring. Organized into 27 parts encompassing 67 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the amount of published information on analytical chemistry research. This text then examines the analytical technique in the electrophoretic separations in narrow bore tubes, which is capable of rapid, high-resolution separations of water-soluble components in small sample volumes. Other chapters consider the application of polynomial and B-spline interpolation to the description of cyclic voltammetric features. This book discusses as well the methods used to investigate the properties of ceramic high-transition-temperature superconductors. The final chapter deals with the importance of monitoring and protecting the environment based on measurement campaigns. This book is a valuable resource for analytical chemists, environmental chemists, and biochemists. Pharmacologists, scientists, students, researcher workers, and other practitioners will also find this book useful.

Artificial Intelligence in Chemical Engineering

Artificial Intelligence in Chemical Engineering
Author: Thomas E. Quantrille,Y. A. Liu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 593
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 0080571212
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence in Chemical Engineering Book Excerpt:

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the part of computer science concerned with designing intelligent computer systems (systems that exhibit characteristics we associate with intelligence in human behavior). This book is the first published textbook of AI in chemical engineering, and provides broad and in-depth coverage of AI programming, AI principles, expert systems, and neural networks in chemical engineering. This book introduces the computational means and methodologies that are used to enable computers to perform intelligent engineering tasks. A key goal is to move beyond the principles of AI into its applications in chemical engineering. After reading this book, a chemical engineer will have a firm grounding in AI, know what chemical engineering applications of AI exist today, and understand the current challenges facing AI in engineering. Allows the reader to learn AI quickly using inexpensive personal computers Contains a large number of illustrative examples, simple exercises, and complex practice problems and solutions Includes a computer diskette for an illustrated case study Demonstrates an expert system for separation synthesis (EXSEP) Presents a detailed review of published literature on expert systems and neural networks in chemical engineering

Expert Systems In Developing Countries

Expert Systems In Developing Countries
Author: Charles K. Mann
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2019-03-07
ISBN: 0429695306
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expert Systems In Developing Countries Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on the pioneering applications of an expert system in development relate to agriculture in many of the developing countries, introducing the reader to some of the key concepts underlying most expert systems.

Expert Systems and Micros

Expert Systems and Micros
Author: Geoffrey Leslie Simons
Publsiher: Halsted Press
Total Pages: 247
Release: 1985
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expert Systems and Micros Book Excerpt:

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 3042
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN: 0444639705
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book Excerpt:

27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, Volume 40 contains the papers presented at the 27th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event held in Barcelona, October 1-5, 2017. It is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemical process engineers, researchers in industry and academia, students, and consultants for chemical industries. Presents findings and discussions from the 27th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event

TRAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry

TRAC  Trends in Analytical Chemistry
Author: P. W. J. M. Boumans,C. J. W. Brooks,C. Burgess
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2013-09-17
ISBN: 1483274608
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

TRAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 4 focuses on the advancements of processes, technologies, operations, automation, and applications of analytical chemistry. The selection first offers information on bullet-proof input with an IBM-PC, including trends in pesticide residue analysis; environmental analysis using gas chromatography; and ion-induced spectroscopic methods for the analysis of surfaces, interfaces, and thin films. The text then elaborates on the PROLOG, an artificial intelligence language, and the consideration of FORTH as a good programming environment for laboratory automation. Discussions focus on computer aided optimization in high performance liquid chromatography; porphyrin analysis by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography; and liquid chromatography with on-line electron-capture detection. The text elaborates on linear regression and simple statistics calculated with the spread sheet program, SUPERLAC. Discussions focus on lipid membrane technology for chemical and biosensor development; use of chemometrics in apportionment of air pollution sources; and analytical applications of direct chromatographic enantioseparation. The publication is a dependable reference for readers interested in the trends in analytical chemistry.

Computer Chemistry

Computer Chemistry
Author: Mario Marsili
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 1351367463
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Computer Chemistry illustrates the methods and philosophies of how a computer can be instructed to "understand" chemical facts, formulas and rules. It focuses on discussions of all of the major sections in both theoretical framework and practical application through examples. It includes the Synthesis Design Systems for the simulation of chemical reactions, the Structure Elucidation Systems for the interpretation of spectral data, the Molecular Modelling Systems for the visualization of chemical structures and the calculation of physico-chemical parameters.

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Research
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards Book Excerpt:

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1988
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemistry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards Book Excerpt:

Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems

Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems
Author: Graham F. Forsyth,Moonis Ali
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 857
Release: 1995-08-08
ISBN: 9782884491983
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems Book Excerpt:

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is still seen by some as a controversial area of computer science research. This opinion is reinforced by the perception that AI is about the creation of a model of human intelligence in a computer and the fact that this has not yet been done. In fact, this demonstrably false impression of AI is nowhere further from the truth than in the areas of industry and engineering where AI techniques have become the norm in sectors including computer aided design, intelligent manufacturing, and control. AI techniques are fast becoming accepted in industry-related areas such as production of technical documentation, planning and scheduling of processes, fuzzy control and analysis (e.g., parameter extraction) of real-time engineering data. The papers in this volume represent work by both computer scientists and engineers separately and together. They directly and indirectly represent a real collaboration between computer science and engineering, covering a wide variety of fields related to intelligent systems technology ranging from neural networks; knowledge acquisition and representation; automated scheduling; machine learning; multimedia; genetic algorithms; fuzzy logic; robotics; automated reasoning; heuristic searching; automated problem solving; temporal, spatial and model-based reasoning; clustering; blackboard architectures; automated design; pattern recognition and image processing; automated planning; speech recognition; simulated annealing; and intelligent tutoring, as well as various computer applications of intelligent systems including financial analysis, artificial insemination, automated manufacturing, diagnosis, oil discoveries, communications and controls, health delivery, air travel and tourist information processing, and aircraft trajectory planning.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994-06
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Expert Systems for Software Engineers and Managers

Expert Systems for Software Engineers and Managers
Author: S. David Hu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2013-03-08
ISBN: 1461310652
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expert Systems for Software Engineers and Managers Book Excerpt:

This book is written for software engineers, software project leaders, and software managers who would like to introduce a new advanced software technology, expert systems, into their product. Expert system technology brings into programming a new dimension in which "rule of thumb" or heuristic expert knowledge is encoded in the program. In contrast to conventional procedural languages {e. g. , Fortran or C}, expert systems employ high-level programming languages {Le. , expert system shells} that enable us to capture the judgmental knowledge of experts such as geologists, doctors, lawyers, bankers, or insurance underwriters. Past expert systems have been more successfully applied in the problem areas of analysis and synthesis where the boundary of lo;nowledge is well defined and where experts are available and can be identified. Early successful applications include diagnosis systems such as MYCIN, geological systems such as PROSPECTOR, or design/configu ration systems such as XC ON. These early expert systems were mainly applicable to scientific and engineering problems, which are not theoreti cally well understood in terms of decisionmaking processes by their experts and which therefore require judgmental assessment. The more recent expert systems are being applied to sophisticated synthesis problems that involve a large number of choices, such as how the elements are to be compared. These problems normally entailed a large search space and slower speed for the expert systems designed. Examples of these systems include factory scheduling applications such as ISIS, or legal reasoning applications such as TAXMAN.

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1968
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Weights and measures
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NBS Special Publication Book Excerpt:

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1986
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog Book Excerpt:

Expert System Applications in Chemistry

Expert System Applications in Chemistry
Author: Bruce A. Hohne,American Chemical Society. Division of Computers in Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting,Calif.) American Chemical Society Meeting (1988 Los Angeles
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 257
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Expert System Applications in Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This volume demonstrates how chemical problems can be solved through the use of expert systems, programs that attempt to solve problems the same way a human expert would. Its 18 chapters offer a discussion of advanced prototypes and how they were constructed, along with a wide range of expert systems that are being used to solve chemical problems. Three main sections cover general chemical applications, industrial applications, and analytical chemistry applications. Of special interest is a brief glossary in the first chapter that aids in reading the rest of the book.

Techniques in Protein Chemistry

Techniques in Protein Chemistry
Author: Tony Hugli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 032314425X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Techniques in Protein Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Techniques in Protein Chemistry compiles reports of methods and techniques presented at the second symposium of the Protein Society in August 1988. This book includes methods and applications in protein sequencing, advanced applications of mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance technology, limitations of amino acid microanalysis, and advances in high-performance liquid chromatography. The structure of synthetic test peptide-3 (STP-3), a peptide designed to test the analytical limits of current technology in the field of protein chemistry is also elaborated. This publication is suited for chemists and researchers conducting work on the analytical techniques available for the molecular characterization of proteins.

Computational Systems Pharmacology and Toxicology

Computational Systems Pharmacology and Toxicology
Author: Rudy J Richardson,Dale E Johnson
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2017-03-03
ISBN: 1782623329
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Systems Pharmacology and Toxicology Book Excerpt:

The network approaches of systems pharmacology and toxicology serve as early predictors of the most relevant screening approach to pursue both in drug discovery and development and ecotoxicological assessments. Computational approaches have the potential to improve toxicological experimental design, enable more rapid drug efficacy and safety testing and also reduce the number of animals used in experimentation. Rapid advances in availability of computing technology hold tremendous promise for advancing applied and basic science and increasing the efficiency of risk assessment. This book provides an understanding of the basic principles of computational toxicology and the current methods of predictive toxicology using chemical structures, toxicity-related databases, in silico chemical-protein docking, and biological pathway tools. The book begins with an introduction to systems pharmacology and toxicology and computational tools followed by a section exploring modelling adverse outcomes and events. The second part of the book covers the discovery of protein targets and the characterisation of toxicant-protein interactions. Final chapters include case studies and additionally discuss interactions between phytochemicals and Western therapeutics. This book will be useful for scientists involved in environmental research and risk assessment. It will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers wishing to learn about key methods used in studying biological targets both from a toxicity and pharmacological activity standpoint.

Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Methods in Chemical Process Safety
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2020-06-26
ISBN: 0128218258
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Chemical Process Safety Book Excerpt:

Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume Four focuses on the process of learning from experience, including elements of process safety management, human factors in the chemical process industries, and the regulation of chemical process safety, including current approaches. Users will find this book to be an informative tool and user manual for process safety for a variety of professionals with this new release focusing on Advanced Methods of Risk Assessment and Management, Logic Based Methods for Dynamic Risk Assessment, Bayesian Methods for Dynamic Risk Assessment, Data Driven Methods, Rare Event Risk Assessment, Risk Management and Multi Criteria, and much more. Helps acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions on the topic from a practical point-of-view Presents users with the views/opinions of experts in each topic Includes a selection of authors who are leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic