Exploring 1 2 Thessalonians

Author by : John Phillips
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kregel Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 225
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "No one analyzes the biblical text better than John Phillips. I have benefited greatly from his commentaries and recommend them heartedly to pastors, teachers, and Bible students everywhere." --Dr. David Jeremiah, Senior Pastor, Shadow Mountain Community Church


1 2 Thessalonians

Author by : D. Michael Martin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Holman Reference
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 989
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : One in an ongoing series of esteemed and popular Bible commentary volumes based on the New International Version text.


1 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Dr. Matthew N. O. Sadiku
Languange : en
Publisher by : Trafford Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 311
File Size : 41,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Every serious student of the Bible desires to understand the text, discover the biblical principles, and apply the truths to his/her life. This commentary is designed to help students, pastors, and Bible teachers understand First and Second Thessalonians in a simple manner. Working from the popular New International Version (NIV), the author provides helpful commentary on the text verse by verse. This verse-by-verse commentary is different from others in two respects. First, it is brief while some commentaries are unnecessarily wordy and verbose. Second, it is Pentecostal in outlook. This implies that we generally adhere to the doctrine of biblical inerrancy and adopt a literalist approach to the interpretation of the Bible. The major aim of this commentary is to expose readers to First and Second Thessalonians. It is written primarily for the busy pastor, Sunday school teacher, or Christian leader who desires to better understand Paul's message to the Thessalonians. First Thessalonians encourages believers to endure persecution, while Second Thessalonians corrects a wrong understanding of the "day of the Lord." These epistles were designed to help the church in Thessalonica face suffering in a Christ-centered manner, and they can do the same for believers today.


1 And 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Nijay K. Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zondervan Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
Total Download : 446
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The study of Paul's Thessalonian letters is enjoying fresh interest today. These texts are considered by many to be amongst the earliest extant Christian documents. They are included in conversations about early Jewish and Christian apocalypticism. New insights are coming from examination of the religious, socio-cultural, and political contexts of Roman Thessalonica. And, looking back, these letters have played an important role in the development of Christian eschatology. This volumes serves as an up-to-date guide to these academic discussions and debates and much more. This volume on 1 and 2 Thessalonians in the Zondervan Critical Introductions to the New Testament series offers a volume-length engagement with subjects that normally only receive short treatments in biblical commentaries or in New Testament Introductions. This volume addresses: Authorship Date Audience Socio-Historical Context Genre Purpose Integrity Textual History Greek Style Structure Argument Other Critical Issues Main Interpretive Issues Reception into the Canon Selected History of Interpretation Bibliography


1 And 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Paul Thigpen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Loyola Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 595
File Size : 54,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : 1 and 2 Thessalonians takes a close look at Paul's advice to an early community of believers, but the message of 1 and 2 Thessalonians can help all of us live out the Christian life today A Guided Discovery of the Bible The Bible invites us to explore God s word and reflect on how we might respond to it. To do this, we need guidance and the right tools for discovery. The Six Weeks with the Bible series of Bible discussion guides offers both in a concise six-week format. Whether focusing on a specific biblical book or exploring a theme that runs throughout the Bible, these practical guides in this series provide meaningful insights that explain Scripture while helping readers make connections to their own lives. Each guide is faithful to Church teaching and is guided by sound biblical scholarship presents the insights of Church fathers and saints includes questions for discussion and reflection delivers information in a reader-friendly format gives suggestions for prayer that help readers respond to God s word appeals to beginners as well as to advanced students of the Bible By reading Scripture, reflecting on its deeper meanings, and incorporating it into our daily life, we can grow not only in our understanding of God s word, but also in our relationship with God."


Exalting Jesus In 1 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Mark Howell
Languange : en
Publisher by : B&H Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 893
File Size : 41,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Led by series editors David Platt, Daniel L. Akin, and Tony Merida, this series affirms that the Bible is a Christ-centered book, containing a unified story of redemptive history of which Jesus is the hero. It’s presented as sermons, divided into chapters that conclude with a "Reflect & Discuss" section, making this series ideal for small group study, personal devotion, and even sermon preparation.


Exploring The Scriptures

Author by : John Phillips
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kregel Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 352
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "John Phillips writes with enthusiasm and clarity, . . . cutting through the confusion and heretical dangers associated with Bible interpretation." —Moody Magazine


The 1 And 2 Thessalonians Commentary Collection

Author by : Michael W. Holmes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zondervan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 725
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This 1 and 2 Thessalonians commentary bundle features volumes from the NIV Application Commentary Series, Zondervan Exegetical Commentary Series, and Story of God Bible Commentary Series authored by Michael W. Holmes, Gary S. Shogren, and John Byron. The diverse features from each of the volumes gives you all the tools you need to master the books of 1 and 2 Thessalonians.


Exploring The Pastoral Epistles

Author by : John Phillips
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kregel Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 739
File Size : 46,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "John Phillips writes with enthusiasm and clarity, . . . cutting through the confusion and heretical dangers associated with Bible interpretation." --Moody Magazine


Life Lessons From 1 And 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Max Lucado
Languange : en
Publisher by : HarperChristian Resources
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 526
File Size : 44,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The church in Thessalonica was a study in contrast. They had been a quiet and holy people. But after a while, they had become restless and impatient. They needed direction on how to live. So Paul wrote the young church two letters. The first commended the believers for their faith and encouraged them to continue living according the gospel principles he had taught. The second letter was filled with helpful hints that corrected their wrong beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors. Whether we are living a quiet and holy life or one that leaves us restless and impatient, Paul's letters encourage us. They challenge us to remain faithful in a temporary world. The Life Lessons with Max Lucado series brings the Bible to life in twelve lessons filled with intriguing questions, inspirational stories, and poignant reflections to take you deeper into God's Word. Each lesson includes an opening reflection, background information, an excerpt of the text (from the New International and New King James versions), exploration questions, inspirational thoughts from Max, and a closing takeaway for further reflection. The Life Lessons series is ideal for use in both a small-group setting or for individual study.


Elenchus Of Biblica

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Gregorian Biblical BookShop
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 278
File Size : 49,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Exploring Thessalonians

Author by : George R. Knight
Languange : en
Publisher by : Review and Herald Pub Assoc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 689
File Size : 54,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The letters of Paul to the Thessalonian believers not only provide insight into the challenges faced by one of the early Christian churches, but also allow a glimpse into the great pastoral heart of the stalwart evangelist. Yes, he endured beatings, stoning, and imprisonment on his missionary journeys and even rejoiced that he was found worthy to suffer for his Lord. Yet in the midst of his own trials he longed to nurture and encourage those converts who were experiencing persecution as well. Intertwined among such familiar themes as the Second Advent, the resurrection of believers, church discipline, and the man of lawlessness, Paul's recurring emphasis is how to live while waiting for Jesus to return. It may come as a surprise to Christians steeped in a postmodern culture, but holiness separation from the ways of the world and commitment to the ways of God and the requisite dependence upon God's power are commanded. This user-friendly devotional commentary divides the text of these


1 And 2 Thessalonians Through The Centuries

Author by : Anthony C. Thiselton
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 218
File Size : 45,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This unique commentary on Paul’s early letters by an outstanding New Testament specialist, provides a broad range of original perspectives of how people have interpreted, and been influenced by, Paul’s first two letters. Addresses questions concerning the content, setting, and authenticity of the two Thessalonian letters, drawing on responses from leading scholars, poets, hymn writers, preachers, theologians, and biblical scholars throughout the ages Offers new insights into issues they raise concerning feminist biblical interpretation. Provides a history of two-way influences, as exemplified by Ulrich Luz, Hans Robert Jauss, and Hans-Georg Gadamer Written by Anthony Thiselton, a leading commentator on the Greek New Testament


Exploring Philemon

Author by : Roy R. Jeal
Languange : en
Publisher by : SBL Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 661
File Size : 47,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A new, sociorhetorical interpretation of the Letter to Philemon Exploring Philemon shows how this letter entered the world of the ancient Mediterranean and the early church with a dramatic and powerful rhetorical force by analyzing the range of textures interwoven with each other to produce a profound effect on an early Christian (Philemon) and on the church that met in his home. It demonstrates that many striking and subtle features work together to present a rhetorical argument that the new Christian society must be one of freedom, brotherhood, and partnership not just for the powerful, but for all. Features: An analysis of the visual imagery of the letter Application of up-to-date rhetorical, sensory-aesthetic, and intertextual interpretive methods Use of Social and cultural, ideological, and theological strategies


Exploring The New Testament Volume 2

Author by : Howard Marshall
Languange : en
Publisher by : SPCK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 196
File Size : 51,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : 'An invaluable resource for both students and teachers.' Dr Lucy Peppiatt Tried, tested and trusted by students and teachers across the world, this widely respected study guide enables the reader to engage with an array of essential topics, including: · the Greco-Roman background to ancient letter writing · the content and major themes of Paul's life, mission and theology · issues of authorship, date and setting · well established and newer methods of study · the intersection of New Testament studies with contemporary issues of faith and culture Now in its third edition, this popular textbook has been fully revised and updated, and includes new sections on: · the theological links between Jesus and Paul · major recent discussions on Pauline theology · developments in scholarship of the New Testament · updated bibliographies, highlighting the most important and influential works published in the past decade Drawing on the authors' decades of experience in teaching these topics, this comprehensive textbook gives students a strong understanding and a solid foundation for further study.


Exploring Protestant Traditions

Author by : W. David Buschart
Languange : en
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 381
File Size : 48,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Protestant is shorthand for a spreading family tree of church and theological traditions. Each tradition embodies a historically shaped perspective on the beliefs, practices and priorities that make up a Christian community. Whether you are an insider to one tradition, a hybrid of two or three, or--as many Christians today--an outsider to all, Exploring Protestant Traditions is a richly informative field guide to eight prominent Protestant theological traditions: Lutheran, Anabaptist, Reformed, Anglican, Baptist, Wesleyan, Dispensational and Pentecostal. Clearly and evenhandedly, W. David Buschart traces the histories of each tradition, explains their interpretive approaches to Scripture and identifies their salient beliefs. As a result, you will gain a sense of what it is to believe and worship as a Reformed or Pentecostal Christian, who the traditions' heroes are and where the "theological accents" are placed. Charts displaying the denominational representatives of each tradition and bibliographies mapping the path for further explorations add to the value of this guide. This is a book that seeks to receive rather than evaluate, to listen and understand rather than judge or correct. His is a model of theological hospitality that encourages you to open your doors to the varied ways in which Protestantism has taken root in history and human society. Some things take time, like coming to know a religious tradition. But Exploring Protestant Traditions is an excellent place to start.


Exploring Jewish Literature Of The Second Temple Period

Author by : Larry R. Helyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : InterVarsity Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 959
File Size : 42,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Larry R. Helyer provides an introduction and historical context for the wealth of Jewish literature outside the Hebrew Bible, and he explores the pressures, realities, questions and dreams that nurtured and provoked these written works.


1 And 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Andy Johnson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 724
File Size : 50,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : A distinctively theological interpretation of the Thessalonian letters In this commentary Andy Johnson engages with the developing interpretive framework of missional hermeneutics to present a theological interpretation of 1 & 2 Thessalonians that aims to help the church more fully participate in the life and mission of the triune God. After a verse by-verse commentary, Johnson closely examines the theology of the two epistles, focusing especially on the topics of eschatology, holiness, and election in light of his missional reading of 1 and 2 Thessalonians. In his exegetical and theological analyses, Johnson considers canonical concerns, doctrinal commitments, ecclesial practices, proposals from contemporary systematic theology, and insights gleaned from the field of neuroscience regarding personal and community formation, all of which help to clarify and enrich readers' understanding of various passages.


End Time Rewind An Exploration In Bible Prophecy And The Fate Of The World

Author by : Steven Sabatino
Languange : en
Publisher by : Steven Sabatino
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 622
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Remember when End Time Rewind warned you not to fall for the Doomsday-Rapture theories of Dispensational Premillennialism and their Zionist partners? Well, now that we've survived John Hagee's Four Blood Moons, Jonathan Cahn's Super Shemitah, and the menacing tentacles of the now defunct European Union and Islamic State (the supposed Beast Kingdoms of Revelation 17), the Futurist's next false claim centers around the 70-year anniversary of Israel's founding. Is the Jewish State really the prophetic clock by which God aligns world events and the return of Christ? Many Doomsday-Rapture forecasts have been put forth in the name of Futurism since the 2nd-century AD, none of which have come to fruition. This is disconcerting, because failed predictions and false expectations promoted by our Christian counterparts diminishes the credibility of the Bible and scars the reputation and integrity of the Prophetic Office of Jesus Christ. The age-old, tried-and-true Orthodox (aka Partial or Classical) Preterist approach maintains that the majority of Bible prophecies were already fulfilled by the end of the first century AD, and included Jesus' appearing in an Old Testament-styled, non-physical manifestation with power and great glory. All that remains to be accomplished in the future is for Jesus Christ to physically return to raise the dead (which is when the rapture also occurs), preside over the final judgment, and create a new heaven and earth devoid of sin and death where the new and holy Jerusalem from heaven descends (as per Revelation 20:7 - Revelation 22:5).


Destined For Salvation

Author by : Marty A. Cauley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Misthological Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 474
File Size : 52,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "Destined for Salvation" is a supplementary summary for 1Thess 5:9-10 that compliments the author's discussion in "The Outer Darkness." Five major models for interpreting 1Thess 5:9-10 are evaluated, and a mediation is taken that perceives the passage as promising an unconditional rapture (and thus unconditional security) to all believers in Christ, even to those who are morally asleep. However, an incentive for being morally awake is provided by making salvation (in the form of millennial and eternal ridership) contingent upon being morally alert in view of the attendant Bema judgment that is to ensue. Harmonization between these perspective and some key passages is then demonstrated in connection with the "blessed hope" of Tit 2:13 and being saved by Christ's death and life in connection with the approaching tribulational wrath of Rom 5:9-10.


Nirv Adventure Bible Book Of Devotions For Early Readers Polar Exploration Edition

Author by : Zondervan,
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zonderkidz
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 408
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Grab your parka and compass and get ready for adventure! This illustrated, full-color NIrV Adventure Bible Book of Devotions for Early Readers: Polar Exploration Edition takes kids on a thrilling, enriching quest through the Bible. This 365-day devotional with all-new content is filled with exciting daily devotions and includes topical and Scripture indexes. Devotional topics include self-esteem, courage, friendship, and many more! Boys and girls will learn more about God and the Bible and be inspired to live a life of faith—the greatest adventure of all. Companion to the NIrV Adventure Bible for Early Readers, Polar Exploration Edition, written at a 3rd grade reading just for developing readers. With over 9 million copies sold, the Adventure Bible brand is beloved by Christian schools, churches, and families alike. Now, the #1 Bible brand for kids, including all of its trusted essentials loved by parents, is available in an exciting polar exploration theme!


1 And 2 Thessalonians

Author by : John Byron
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zondervan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 908
File Size : 51,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Understand Not Only What Scripture Says but How to Live It Today A new commentary for today’s world, The Story of God Bible Commentary explains and illuminates each passage of Scripture in light of the Bible’s grand story. The first commentary series to do so, SGBC offers a clear and compelling exposition of biblical texts, guiding everyday readers in how to creatively and faithfully live out the Bible in their own contexts. Its story-centric approach is ideal for pastors, students, Sunday school teachers, and laypeople alike. Three easy-to-use sections designed to help readers live out God’s story: LISTEN to the Story: Includes complete NIV text with references to other texts at work in each passage, encouraging the reader to hear it within the Bible’s grand story EXPLAIN the Story: Explores and illuminates each text as embedded in its canonical and historical setting LIVE the Story: Reflects on how each text can be lived today and includes contemporary stories and illustrations to aid preachers, teachers, and students


Exploring Intertextuality

Author by : B. J. Oropeza
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 633
File Size : 50,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book aims to provide advanced students of biblical studies, seminarians, and academicians with a variety of intertextual strategies to New Testament interpretation. Each chapter is written by a New Testament scholar who provides an established or avant-garde strategy in which: 1) The authors in their respective chapters start with an explanation of the particular intertextual approach they use. Important terms and concepts relevant to the approach are defined, and scholarly proponents or precursors are discussed. 2) The authors use their respective intertextual strategy on a sample text or texts from the New Testament, whether from the Gospels, Acts, Pauline epistles, Disputed Pauline epistles, General epistles, or Revelation. 3) The authors show how their approach enlightens or otherwise brings the text into sharper relief. 4) They end with recommended readings for further study on the respective intertextual approach. This book is unique in providing a variety of strategies related to biblical interpretation through the lens of intertextuality. .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }


An Exploration Of Christian Theology

Author by : Don Thorsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Baker Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 957
File Size : 49,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This introduction to Christian theology explores the whole Christian tradition in a simple and straightforward way. Leading Wesleyan theologian Don Thorsen surveys the theological views represented within historic Christianity and discusses the variety of positions held without favoring one over another. The book includes helpful end-of-chapter questions for further reflection and discussion, a convenient glossary of theological terms, and sidebars. The second edition is marked by a thorough updating of the text and the addition of two new chapters on apologetics and the future of the unevangelized.


Exploring 1 Corinthians

Author by : John Phillips
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kregel Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 309
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "John Phillips writes with enthusiasm and clarity, . . . cutting through the confusion and heretical dangers associated with Bible interpretation." --Moody Magazine


1 And 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Max Lucado
Languange : en
Publisher by : Thomas Nelson Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 942
File Size : 46,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Lucado Life Lessons series continues to be one of the best-selling study guide series on the market today. These brand-new releases will join the ranks of the previously released and repackaged study guides, offering readers a complete selection of New Testament Bible studies by best-selling inspirational author Max Lucado. For small group or individual use, intriguing questions, inspirational stories, and poignant reflections take the participant deeper into God's Word.


Niv Adventure Bible Book Of Devotions Polar Exploration Edition

Author by : Zondervan,
Languange : en
Publisher by : Zonderkidz
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
Total Download : 203
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Grab your parka and compass and get ready for a thrilling trek through God’s Word! This 365-day devotional is filled with exciting daily devotions inspires readers to read about, write about, and, most importantly, live out their faith. The Adventure Bible is #1, recommended by more Christian schools and churches than any other Bible for kids. The illustrated, full-color NIV Adventure Bible Book of Devotions: Polar Exploration Edition takes kids on a thrilling, enriching quest through the Bible. This 365-day devotional with all-new content includes topics on self-esteem, courage, friendship, and many more! Boys and girls will learn more about God and the Bible and be inspired to live a life of faith, the greatest adventure of all. A companion to the NIV Adventure Bible, Polar Exploration Edition, this devotional book is perfect for readers aged 8 to 12. NIV Adventure Bible Book of Devotions: Polar Exploration Edition includes: Trusted, #1 Adventure Bible brand content in a frosty new theme Full-color images of polar animals, arctic outposts, and icy landscapes throughout Devotional topics on self-esteem, courage, friendship, and many more Topical and Scripture indexes


Sermon Outlines On The Psalms

Author by : John Phillips
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kregel Academic
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 320
File Size : 41,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Effective sermon exposition is based not only on the preacher's understanding of the text of Scripture, but also upon a clear and concise communication of that meaning to God's people. A clear and concise outline is indispensable for communicating with confidence and conviction.


Jesus Our Lord

Author by : John Phillips
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kregel Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 807
File Size : 55,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This companion volume to the best-selling "The View From Mount Calvary" shows readers how we are never far from encountering the lordship of Christ, no matter where we are in our biblical reading. Respected teacher John Phillips guides readers, illustrating how the Bible provides a window through which we encounter Jesus our Lord, and discusses the many biblical events, stories, and prophecies that reflect his lordship.


1 2 Thessalonians

Author by : Florence Morgan Gillman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Liturgical Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 388
File Size : 44,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : When Paul wrote First Thessalonians shortly after the recipients had accepted the Gospel, many significant issues had already arisen among them. Of great concern was the social complexity, and even persecution, they encountered because they had “turned to God from idols” (1:9). The countercultural stance of those earliest believers, and especially the impact that may have had for women, is addressed throughout this commentary. While Paul directs no remarks only to women in this letter, the ramifications of his preaching on their daily lives emerge vibrantly from the application of a feminist hermeneutics of suspicion to the text. While Second Thessalonians is a shorter letter, it has been disproportionately influential on Christian thought, especially apocalyptic doctrine and the “Protestant work ethic.” From a feminist perspective, it is androcentric, rhetorically manipulative, and even violent. In this commentary, Mary Ann Beavis and HyeRan Kim-Cragg explore this text from many angles to expose both constructive and destructive implications in the text. Notably, they suggest a perspective on the “afflictions” endured by the Thessalonian church that neither glorifies suffering nor wishes for revenge but rather sees the divine presence in women’s acts of compassion and care in circumstances of extreme duress and inhumanity. From the Wisdom Commentary series Feminist biblical interpretation has reached a level of maturity that now makes possible a commentary series on every book of the Bible. It is our hope that Wisdom Commentary, by making the best of current feminist biblical scholarship available in an accessible format to ministers, preachers, teachers, scholars, and students, will aid all readers in their advancement toward God’s vision of dignity, equality, and justice for all. The aim of this commentary is to provide feminist interpretation of Scripture in serious, scholarly engagement with the whole text, not only those texts that explicitly mention women. A central concern is the world in front of the text, that is, how the text is heard and appropriated by women. At the same time, this commentary aims to be faithful to the ancient text, to explicate the world behind the text, where appropriate, and not impose contemporary questions onto the ancient texts. The commentary addresses not only issues of gender (which are primary in this project) but also those of power, authority, ethnicity, racism, and classism, which all intersect. Each volume incorporates diverse voices and differing interpretations from different parts of the world, showing the importance of social location in the process of interpretation and that there is no single definitive feminist interpretation of a text.