Fair Trade and Organic Agriculture

Fair Trade and Organic Agriculture
Author: Priyanka Parvathi,Ulrike Grote,Hermann Waibel
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2017-12-21
ISBN: 1786393050
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fair Trade and Organic Agriculture Book Excerpt:

The markets for organic and fair trade certified commodities are growing rapidly, with environmentally sound and more equitable certification systems likely to offer benefits for both small-scale farmers and society at large. Despite much debate about their contribution to sustainability, there has been little scientific analysis, so it is vital to assess if it is technically and economically feasible to meet growing consumer demands regarding food safety, quality and ethics through smallholder and marginal producers. Overall, there is a need to explore the potential of these certification systems as emerging areas in research and development cooperation. This book is an important read for researchers and students in agricultural and development economics, and it is also a useful resource for policy makers and practitioners involved in organic and fair trade agriculture.

Fair Trade and Organic Initiatives in Asian Agriculture

Fair Trade and Organic Initiatives in Asian Agriculture
Author: Rie Makita,Tadasu Tsuruta
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2017-03-16
ISBN: 1317224523
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fair Trade and Organic Initiatives in Asian Agriculture Book Excerpt:

In addition to constituting an evolving area of inquiry within the social sciences, agricultural certification, and particularly its Fair Trade and organic components, has emerged as a significant tool for promoting rural development in the global South. This book is unique for two reasons. First, in contrast to existing studies that have tended to examine Fair Trade and organic certification as independent systems, the studies presented in this book reveal their joint application within actual production settings, demonstrating the greater complexity entailed in these double certification systems through the generation of contradictions and tensions compared with single certification systems. Second, the authors, who are both Asian, reveal the realities of applying Fair Trade and organic certification systems within Asian agriculture. In doing so, they challenge the fact that most Fair Trade studies have been undertaken by Western scholars who have tended to focus on Latin American and African producers. Drawing on a wealth of grounded case studies conducted in India, Thailand, and the Philippines, this pioneering study on double certification makes a significant contribution to studies on Fair Trade and organic agriculture beyond Asia.

Organic Agriculture and Fair Trade in West Africa

Organic Agriculture and Fair Trade in West Africa
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Agriculture and Fair Trade in West Africa Book Excerpt:

System Innovation for Sustainability 3

System Innovation for Sustainability 3
Author: Ursula Tischner,Eivind Stø,Unni Kjærnes,Arnold Tukker
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-09-08
ISBN: 1351279343
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

System Innovation for Sustainability 3 Book Excerpt:

The EU-funded project "Sustainable Consumption Research Exchanges" (SCORE!) consists of around 200 experts in the field of sustainable innovation and sustainable consumption. The SCORE! philosophy is that innovation in SCP policy can be achieved only if experts that understand business development, (sustainable) solution design, consumer behaviour and system innovation policy work together in shaping it. Sustainable technology design can be effective only if business can profitably make the products and consumers are attracted to them. To understand how this might effectively happen, the expertise of systems thinkers must be added to the mix. The publication in 2008 of System Innovation for Sustainability 1 was the first result of a unique positive confrontation between experts from all four communities. It examined what SCP is and what it could be, provided a state-of-the-art review on the governance of change in SCP policy and looked at the strengths and weaknesses of current approaches. System Innovation for Sustainability 3 is the second of three books of case studies covering respectively the three key consumption areas of mobility, food and agriculture, and energy use and housing – responsible for 70% of the life-cycle environmental impacts of Western societies – with the aim of stimulating, fostering or forcing change to SCP theory in practice. The availability of healthy food for all is a basic human need. Yet, primarily due to higher food prices, the overall number of undernourished people in the world increased from 923 million in 2007 to 963 million in 2008 – the vast majority of whom live in developing countries. Experts estimate that close to half of the human impact on the environment is directly or indirectly related to food production and consumption. Food production, distribution, consumption and disposal are important in terms of land and resource use, pollution and emissions, biodiversity and landscape design. Also of key importance are health issues and issues surrounding the satisfaction of citizens' basic needs: more than 200 million adults in the European Union are overweight or even obese due to unhealthy diets and too little exercise. Sustainability issues are now clearly on the agenda for food producers and market actors, politicians and regulators, as well as being increasingly important in the decisions consumers make about food. A large number and variety of efforts to stimulate sustainability have been instigated and numerous studies, research programmes and publications have addressed such issues. Agri-food issues have also been prominent in the evolving definition of what sustainability means. This book focuses largely on providing answers to the question of how food production and consumption systems can stay within the limits of the carrying capacity of our natural environment. But it also considers the challenges of food security and nutrition in the context of sustainability and a growing world population. The book first analyses the state of the art in sustainable agriculture and food production in Europe. Eleven case studies follow, examining issues such as food policy, greening mainstream agricultural systems, organic farming, farmers' markets, sustainable food networks, eco-labelling, consumer behaviour, slow food and fair trade. Finally, a concluding chapter summarises what has been learned by the 60-plus experts active in the SCORE! food project. In brief: bottom-up and top-down processes have to be linked, industrialised nations must reduce their meat consumption, and agriculture should become a multifunctional sustainable system not only producing food but also delivering other services such as energy and material production, CO2 storage and recreation – which would have the added benefit of improving farmers' socioeconomic situations. The System Innovation for Sustainability series is the fruit of the first major international research network on SCP and will set the standard in this field for some years to come. It will be required reading for all involved in the policy debate on sustainable production and consumption from government, business, academia and NGOs for designers, scientists, businesses and system innovators.

Global Development of Organic Agriculture

Global Development of Organic Agriculture
Author: Niels Halberg
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 1845930789
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Development of Organic Agriculture Book Excerpt:

Agriculture and food systems, including organic agriculture, are undergoing a technological and structural modernization strongly influenced by growing globalization. Organic agricultural movements can be seen as a tangible effort towards more sustainable development. However, there are large differences between, on the one hand, industrialized farming and consumption based on global food chains and, on the other, smallholder farmers and resource poor people primarily linked in local food markets in low-income countries. This book provides an overview of the potential role of organic agriculture in a global perspective. The book discusses in-depth political ecology, ecological justice, ecological economics and free trade with new insights on the challenges for organic agriculture. This is followed by the potential role of organic agriculture for improving soil fertility, nutrient cycling and food security and reducing veterinary medicine use, together with discussions of research needs and the importance of non-certified organic agriculture.

Organic Farming

Organic Farming
Author: William Lockeretz
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN: 1845932897
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Farming Book Excerpt:

This book discusses organic farming with regards to the origins and principles, policies and markets, organizations and institutions, and future concepts.

Organic Agriculture and Fair Trade in Pacific Island Countries

Organic Agriculture and Fair Trade in Pacific Island Countries
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Agriculture and Fair Trade in Pacific Island Countries Book Excerpt:

Small scale farmers certification schemes and private standards

Small scale farmers  certification schemes and private standards
Author: Kuit, M.,Waarts, Y.
Publsiher: CTA
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2014-10-04
ISBN: 929081568X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small scale farmers certification schemes and private standards Book Excerpt:

Certification of agricultural products (organic certification, Fairtrade etc.) is often expected to provide a wide array of benefits for small-scale farmers. These include poverty alleviation, reduced environmental impact and food safety. This wide-ranging synthesis of 270 studies presents an analysis of the benefits – but also the costs – of such schemes. Crucially it demonstrates that the decision to invest must be based on sound economic principles. Clearly laid out and argued, the text also provides recommendations to improve the certification business case and impact on smallholders.

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN UZBEKISTAN

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN UZBEKISTAN
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2018-07-18
ISBN: 9251301476
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN UZBEKISTAN Book Excerpt:

This book was prepared under the framework of TCP/UZB/3501: Institutional capacity building to develop organic agriculture and to promote good agriculture practices in Uzbekistan to provide guidance to the stakeholders. This book brings together the status of organic agriculture in Uzbekistan including, market, legal standards, methods, experiences and useful methods and basic information that can be of immediate use for identifying problems and for formulating, executing and evaluating actions so as to benefit and improve organic production. The publication can also serve as a reference that will allow researchers, specialists and farmers to discover jointly, ways to adopt organic agriculture practices and solve the problems and the limitations created by traditional agriculture. This book is meant for researchers, agricultural specialists, extension personnel as well as farmers, and deals with the management and conservation of agricultural land. It is hoped that the Book will help to attain the ultimate objective of increasing quality of agricultural products and improving the productivity of the soils and water in a rapid, efficient and sustainable.

The World of Organic Agriculture

The World of Organic Agriculture
Author: Minou Yussefi
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2010-09-23
ISBN: 1849775990
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The World of Organic Agriculture Book Excerpt:

The new edition of this annual publication (previously published solely by IFOAM and FiBL) documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, numbers of farms and specific information about commodities and land use in organic systems. The book also contains information on the global market of the burgeoning organic sector, the latest developments in organic certification, standards and regulations, and insights into current status and emerging trends for organic agriculture by continent from the world's foremost experts.For this edition, all statistical data and regional review chapters have been thoroughly updated. Completely new chapters on organic agriculture in the Pacific, on the International Task Force on Harmonization and Equivalence in Organic Agriculture and on organic aquaculture have been added.Published with IFOAM and FiBL

Voluntary Standards and Certification for Environmentally and Socially Responsible Agricultural Production and Trade

Voluntary Standards and Certification for Environmentally and Socially Responsible Agricultural Production and Trade
Author: Pascal Liu,Mikkel Andersen,Catherine Pazderka,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9789251052402
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Voluntary Standards and Certification for Environmentally and Socially Responsible Agricultural Production and Trade Book Excerpt:

This publication is a summary of the presentations and discussions that took place during the meeting on "Voluntary Standards and Certification for Responsible Agricultural Production and Trade" organized by FAO in April 2004. It presents the situation of the main import markets for certified products and the evolution of demand. Case studies aimed at comparing sustainable farming methods with conventional methods are presented. These comparisons focus on production cost, yield, price premium and net profit. The difficulties with which the producers are confronted are analysed and possible solutions to overcome them are explored. The publication also discusses the roles of nongovernmental organizations, private stakeholders and other institutions involved in sustainable agriculture and explores ossibilities for greater collaboration among them.

Hand Book of Organic Farming Organic Foods with Vermi composting and Neem Products

Hand Book of Organic Farming   Organic Foods with Vermi composting and Neem Products
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Engineers India Research In
Total Pages: 553
Release: 2008-01-01
ISBN: 8189765051
Category: Natural foods
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hand Book of Organic Farming Organic Foods with Vermi composting and Neem Products Book Excerpt:

Organic Agriculture Sustainability Markets and Policies

Organic Agriculture Sustainability  Markets and Policies
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2003-06-04
ISBN: 9264101519
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Agriculture Sustainability Markets and Policies Book Excerpt:

This publication reveals that organic agriculture is disadvantaged by current agricultural support policies, and the proliferation of standards and labels has sometimes confused consumers and impeded trade.

Organic Agriculture Environment and Food Security

Organic Agriculture  Environment and Food Security
Author: Nadia Scialabba,Caroline Hattam
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9789251048191
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Agriculture Environment and Food Security Book Excerpt:

Organic agriculture is defined as an environmentally and socially sensitive food supply system. This publication considers the contribution of organic agriculture to ecological health, international markets and local food security. It contains a number of case studies of the practical experiences of small farmers throughout the world (including India, Iran, Thailand, Uganda and Brazil) who have adopted fully integrated food systems, and analyses the prospects for a wider adoption of organic agriculture. The book also discusses the weakness of institutional support for nurturing existing knowledge and exchange in organic agriculture.

Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing

Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing
Author: Joyce Boye,Yves Arcand
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 686
Release: 2012-01-11
ISBN: 146141587X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing Book Excerpt:

This book will review the current status of the agriculture and agri-food sector in regard to green processing and provide strategies that can be used by the sector to enhance the use of environmentally-friendly technologies for production, processing. The book will look at the full spectrum from farm to fork beginning with chapters on life cycle analysis and environmental impact assessment of different agri-food sectors. This will be followed by reviews of current and novel on-farm practices that are more environmentally-friendly, technologies for food processing that reduce chemical and energy use and emissions as well as novel analytical techniques for R&D and QA which reduce solvent, chemical and energy consumption. Technologies for waste treatment, "reducing, reusing, recycling", and better water and energy stewardship will be reviewed. In addition, the last section of the book will attempt to look at technologies and processes that reduce the generation of process-induced toxins (e.g., trans fats, acrylamide, D-amino acids) and will address consumer perceptions about current and emerging technologies available to tackle these processing and environmental issues.

Global Development of Organic Agriculture

Global Development of Organic Agriculture
Author: Niels Halberg,H.F. Alroe,M.T. Knudsen
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 391
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1845930797
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Development of Organic Agriculture Book Excerpt:

Modern agriculture and food systems, including organic agriculture, are undergoing a technological and structural modernisation and are faced with a growing globalisation. Organic agriculture (OA) can be seen as pioneering efforts to create sustainable development based on other principles than mainstream agriculture. There are however large differences between the challenges connected to, on one hand, modern farming and consumption in high-income countries and, on the other, smallholder farmers and resource poor consumers in low-income countries. The point of departure is the increasing globalisation and the production and trade of food and fodder and how this influences the role of OA. This book provides an overview of the potential role and challenges of organic agriculture in this global perspective, as seen from different perspectives such as sustainability, food security and fair trade.

The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture

The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Stephen R. Gliessman,Martha Rosemeyer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2009-12-21
ISBN: 9781420003598
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture Book Excerpt:

With all of the environmental and social problems confronting our food systems today, it is apparent that none of the strategies we have relied on in the past―higher-yielding varieties, increased irrigation, inorganic fertilizers, pest damage reduction―can be counted on to come to the rescue. In fact, these solutions are now part of the problem. It is becoming quite clear that the only way to keep the food crisis from escalating is to promote the conversion processes that will move agriculture to sustainability. Under the editorial guidance of agroecology experts Martha Rosemeyer and the internationally renowned Dr. Stephen R. Gliessman, The Conversion to Sustainable Agriculture: Principles, Processes, and Practices establishes a framework for how this conversion can be accomplished and presents case studies from around the world that illustrate how the process is already underway. The book provides a four-stage transition process for achieving sustainability and an in-depth analysis of the global efforts to make farms more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly. An international team of chapter contributors explores ways to lessen dependency on fossil fuels and pesticides, and examines each step in the conversion process. They also describe the process of monitoring change toward sustainable agriculture while integrating social and economic analysis within scientific practices. Serving as both a core textbook for students and a comprehensive reference for agricultural practitioners, this volume is a valuable resource for the change that is needed in our food system now and in the future.

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Author: Dr. E. Shaya Ugin Mary
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1387995928
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE Book Excerpt:

International marketing and trade of quality food products

International marketing and trade of quality food products
Author: Maurizio Canavari,Nicola Cantore,Alessandra Castellini,Erika Pignatti,Roberta Spadoni
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2009-03-10
ISBN: 9086860893
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International marketing and trade of quality food products Book Excerpt:

Due to increased purchasing power of certain consumer segments all over the world and the related growing demand for food specialties for differentiated goods in the international markets, agri-food trade and marketing is no longer focused on commodities only. Key concepts of 'Marketing', 'International Trade' and 'Quality' are taking the forefront in the scientific debate among agricultural economists dealing with agricultural and food products markets. The need for scientific knowledge about several aspects of marketing for quality food products is growing. The aim of this book is to link these key concepts together and consider connections, overlaps, contradictions and complementarities between them. This book contains peer-reviewed articles covering a range of studies on international marketing and trade for quality food products and is edited with the support of the BEAN-QUORUM project, funded by the European Union's Asia Link Programme. The topics covered by the studies range from geographical indications to organic food; from fair trade to functional food; from knowledge about quality requirements to the impact of the quest for quality. The geographical scope of the studies is broad and the perspectives vary including the consumer, the producer and the supply chain side. The focal interest of the studies also range from competitiveness, to policy, to potential demand. The book is of interest to researchers and practitioners in international food networks of all types.

Organic Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics

Organic Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics
Author: Christian Hülsebusch
Publsiher: kassel university press GmbH
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2007
ISBN: 3899582632
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics Book Excerpt: