Knowledge Governance in an Industrial Cluster

Knowledge Governance in an Industrial Cluster
Author: Farah Purwaningrum
Publsiher: LIT Verlag Münster
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2014
ISBN: 3643905084
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge Governance in an Industrial Cluster Book Excerpt:

This book explains why there persists a divergence of academia-industry- government inter-linkage in the Indonesian science system. This divergence constrains the capacity of the science system in localising knowledge from the supply chain linkage. The study shows the centralised character of the Indonesian science system. The Jababeka Industrial Cluster is shaped by the supply chain linkage and, thus, lacks the capacity of a knowledge cluster. The horizontal collaboration between academia-industry is restricted and limited. Farah Purwaningrum is a sociologist with an interdisciplinary background in law. She is currently a lecturer in Sociology at the Institute of Asian Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam.

Foreign Direct Investment Agglomeration and Externalities

Foreign Direct Investment  Agglomeration and Externalities
Author: Jacob A. Jordaan
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2016-04-22
ISBN: 1317133994
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foreign Direct Investment Agglomeration and Externalities Book Excerpt:

By critically appraising current theories of both Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and agglomeration, this book explores the variety of links that exist between these two externality-creating phenomena. Using in-depth empirical research on Mexico, Jacob Jordaan constructs and analyzes several datasets on Mexican manufacturing industries at various geographical scales, creating innovative models on FDI externalities that incorporate explicitly regional considerations. The empirical findings identify both direct FDI spillover effects as well as the effects of agglomeration on these externalities. In extension of this, the analysis also contains analysis of FDI productivity effects that arise through inter-firm linkages between FDI and local Mexican suppliers.

Industrial Clusters Upgrading and Innovation in East Asia

Industrial Clusters  Upgrading and Innovation in East Asia
Author: Akifumi Kuchiki,Masatsugu Tsuji
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2011-01-01
ISBN: 0857935135
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Clusters Upgrading and Innovation in East Asia Book Excerpt:

This lucid and informative book analyzes the problems of clusters in transition through studies of agglomerations at different stages of development in various East Asian countries. The contributors reconsider industrial cluster policy within a more dynamic and long-term framework, and explore how regional transformations can bring new insights to the theory of agglomeration and innovation. By identifying the factors and policies to promote upgrading, the authors establish the theoretical and policy basis for transforming industrial clusters from production-oriented to innovation-oriented agglomerations. They also study the important structural changes in the region, such as FTAs and the role of the WTO, and the consequent effects on clusters. Researchers and students of Asian economics, industrial clusters and innovation will find this incisive book invaluable. It will also prove to be a compelling read for policymakers in developing countries or international development organizations.

The Effect of Business Cycles on Population Health in the Emerging Economies Volume II

The Effect of Business Cycles on Population Health in the Emerging Economies  Volume II
Author: Wen-Yi Chen,Lucian-Liviu Albu,Chi Wei Su,Tsangyao Chang,Aviral Kumar Tiwari,Peng Hongfeng
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-02-03
ISBN: 2889742717
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of Business Cycles on Population Health in the Emerging Economies Volume II Book Excerpt:

Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign Direct Investment
Author: Yingqi Wei,V. N. Balasubramanyam
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN: 9781781008270
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foreign Direct Investment Book Excerpt:

This book consists of detailed case studies of foreign direct investment (FDI) in China, India, Ireland, Malaysia, Mexico and Sub-Saharan Africa, providing a critical review of the determinants and impact of FDI on growth and development, employment, technology transfer and trade. The expert contributors examine a range of controversial issues including the contribution of the relatively large volume of FDI in China to its growth, whether India should fully liberalise its FDI regime and the impact of Mexico's membership of NAFTA on the volume of FDI it has attracted. Malaysia's economic policies, which appear to have attracted relatively large volumes of FDI but failed to generate the hoped for transmission of technology and skills are also questioned, along with the role of corruption in limiting the contribution of FDI to achieving social goals in Sub-Saharan Africa. The impressive record of the Irish Republic in attracting and harnessing FDI to development objectives is examined closely and provides a detailed analysis of policies likely to promote efficient utilisation of FDI.

Made in Africa

Made in Africa
Author: Carol Newman,John Page,John Rand,Abebe Shimeles,Måns Söderbom
Publsiher: Brookings Institution Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2016-02-23
ISBN: 0815728174
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Made in Africa Book Excerpt:

Why is there so little industry in Africa? Over the past forty years, industry has moved from the developed to the developing world, yet Africa’s share of global manufacturing has fallen from about 3 percent in 1970 to less than 2 percent in 2014. Industry is important to low-income countries. It is good for economic growth, job creation, and poverty reduction. Made in Africa: Learning to Compete in Industry outlines a new strategy to help African industry compete in global markets. This book draws on case studies and econometric and qualitative research from Africa and emerging Asia to understand what drives firm-level competitiveness in low-income countries. The results show that while traditional concerns such as infrastructure, skills, and the regulatory environment are important, they alone will not be sufficient for Africa to industrialize. The book also addresses how industrialization strategies will need to adapt to the region’s growing resource abundance.

The Emission Reduction Effects of Spatial Agglomeration

The Emission Reduction Effects of Spatial Agglomeration
Author: Zhang Ke
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2022-09-30
ISBN: 1000655075
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Emission Reduction Effects of Spatial Agglomeration Book Excerpt:

The book studies the relationship between economic agglomeration and environmental pollution from a spatial perspective through theoretical analyses and empirical discussions. At both microscopic and macroscopic levels, the author first explores the impact mechanism of the agglomeration of economic activities on environmental pollution and proposes research frameworks based on spatial economic theory and output density theory. Drawing on descriptive statistics and explorative spatial data from 283 cities in China, the book investigates the current development, spatial characteristics, influence path, and environmental efficiency of urban economic agglomeration and pollution in the People’s Republic. The following empirical sections study spatial spillover effects, simultaneous bias and spatial interaction between agglomeration and pollution. The research findings give insight into interregional economic development, joint pollution control across regions, and the coordination of the two, especially in the context of developing countries. The title will appeal to researchers, students, government officials and policymakers interested in development economics, regional economics, urban economics, and environmental economics.

The Case for Industrial Policy

The Case for Industrial Policy
Author: Howard Pack,Kamal Saggi
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 51
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Industrial policy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Case for Industrial Policy Book Excerpt:

What are the underlying rationales for industrial policy? Does empirical evidence support the use of industrial policy for correcting market failures that plague the process of industrialization? To address these questions, the authors provide a critical survey of the analytical literature on industrial policy. They also review some recent industry successes and argue that only a limited role was played by public interventions. Moreover, the recent ascendance of international industrial networks, which dominate the sectors in which less developed countries have in the past had considerable success, implies a further limitation on the potential role of industrial policies as traditionally understood. Overall, there appears to be little empirical support for an activist government policy even though market failures exist that can, in principle, justify the use of industrial policy.

Microregionalism and Governance in East Asia

Microregionalism and Governance in East Asia
Author: Dr. Katsuhiro Sasuga
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2004-10-28
ISBN: 1134324073
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microregionalism and Governance in East Asia Book Excerpt:

This book provides an analysis of the processes of micro-regionalization in East Asia within the broader context of globalization and regionalization. The author examines the specifics of corporation production and investment networks that link parts of Japan, Taiwan and China with a detailed case-study focusing on the electronics industry. Making a significant contribution to the research on regionalism and multi-level governance in East Asia, this book will appeal to those interested in international political economy and Asian studies.

Foreign Direct Investment and Sustainable Local Economic Development

Foreign Direct Investment and Sustainable Local Economic Development
Author: Jeong Il Park
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Economic development
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foreign Direct Investment and Sustainable Local Economic Development Book Excerpt:

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the United States, which predominately occurs in the manufacturing sector, remains critically important for a strong regional and local economy, due to the resulting increase in employment, wages, and tax revenue. Traditionally, local economic development strategies have focused on attracting external manufacturing plants or facilities as the primary route to economic growth, through the expansion of the tax base and/or an increase in employment. In comparison, Sustainable Local Economic Development (SLED) emphasizes the establishment of a minimum standard of living for all and an increase in this standard over time; a reduction in the steady growth in inequality among people; a reduction in spatial inequality; and the promotion and encouragement of sustainable resource use and production (Blakely & Leigh, 2010). These essential SLED principles motivate this study, which will seek to develop a better understanding of whether and how FDI contributes to SLED in terms of its spatial patterns and its impact on middle class earnings. By selecting Georgia as a case study area, this research specifically examines whether and how the location of manufacturing FDI has reduced (or increased) spatial inequality at the intra-state and intra-metropolitan levels. It also identifies whether and how manufacturing FDI has reduced (or increased) inequality among people, focusing on its impact on middle class earnings. This study finds a strong spatial concentration of manufacturing FDI employment in metropolitan areas, particularly in a large metropolitan area, at the intra-state spatial pattern analysis. The results of panel regression analysis suggest that presence of agglomeration economies in metropolitan areas has positively influenced the location of manufacturing FDI jobs. The study also finds a suburbanization pattern of manufacturing FDI employment in the intra-metropolitan spatial pattern analysis. This intra-metropolitan suburbanization of FDI in manufacturing jobs is associated with loss of urban industrial land in the central areas within a large metropolitan area. These uneven distribution patterns of manufacturing FDI jobs indicate increased spatial inequality at both intra-state and intra-metropolitan levels, but the implications of this finding are mixed. Using individual earnings data from the American Community Survey Public Use Microdata Sample files, this study also conducts a quantile regression to estimate the earnings distribution effects that a concentration of manufacturing FDI may have on different earnings groups. The findings both from place-of-work and place-of-residence earnings analysis suggest that manufacturing FDI generally has reduced inequality among people. The concentration of manufacturing FDI in a certain area show the largest distribution effects on area workers in the lower earnings group and residents in the middle earnings group.

Geography Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Geography  Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Author: Urban Gråsjö,Charlie Karlsson,Iréne Bernhard
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2018-06-29
ISBN: 1786439905
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geography Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship Book Excerpt:

Developed countries must be incredibly innovative to secure incomes and welfare so that they may successfully compete against international rivals. This book focuses on two specific but interrelated aspects of innovation by incumbent firms and entrepreneurs, the role of geography and of open innovation.

Developing China The Remarkable Impact of Foreign Direct Investment

Developing China  The Remarkable Impact of Foreign Direct Investment
Author: Michael J. Enright
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2016-09-12
ISBN: 1315393336
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developing China The Remarkable Impact of Foreign Direct Investment Book Excerpt:

One of the most important features of China’s economic emergence has been the role of foreign investment and foreign companies. The importance goes well beyond the USD 1.6 trillion in foreign direct investment that China has received since it started opening its economy. Using the tools of economic impact analysis, the author estimates that around one-third of China’s GDP in recent years has been generated by the investments, operations, and supply chains of foreign invested companies. In addition, foreign companies have developed industries, created suppliers and distributors, introduced modern technologies, improved business practices, modernized management training, improved sustainability performance, and helped shape China’s legal and regulatory systems. These impacts have helped China become the world’s second largest economy, its leading exporter, and one of its leading destinations for inward investment. The book provides a powerful analysis of China’s policies toward foreign investment that can inform policy makers around the world, while giving foreign companies tools to demonstrate their contributions to host countries and showing the tremendous power of foreign investment to help transform economies.

Applied Analysis of Growth Trade and Public Policy

Applied Analysis of Growth  Trade  and Public Policy
Author: Moriki Hosoe,Iltae Kim,Masahiro Yabuta,Woohyung Lee
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2018-12-06
ISBN: 981131876X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Analysis of Growth Trade and Public Policy Book Excerpt:

This book analyzes the various problems of growth, trade and public policy from the perspective of applied economics, based on research in areas such as public policies, trade and regulation, and development economics. Part 1 investigates the broad problems of growth and regional economy, focusing on economic developments in Japan and Korea. Part 2 discusses trade and foreign investment in Japan, mainly on an empirical basis. Part 3 then examines various public economic policies using applied analysis tools. The papers in this volume have been collected to commemorate ten years of academic exchange between the Japan Association for Applied Economics (JAAE) and the Korean Economics and Business Association (KEBA), and include an applied economic analysis of growth and trade in Korea and Japan.

multinational corporations as catalyst for industrial development the case of poland

multinational corporations as catalyst for industrial development  the case of poland
Author: carlo altomonte and laura resmini
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 31
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

multinational corporations as catalyst for industrial development the case of poland Book Excerpt:

Opportunities and Challenges for Multinational Enterprises and Foreign Direct Investment in the Belt and Road Initiative

Opportunities and Challenges for Multinational Enterprises and Foreign Direct Investment in the Belt and Road Initiative
Author: Bhuiyan, Miraj Ahmed,Beraha, Isidora
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2022-06-24
ISBN: 1799880230
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Opportunities and Challenges for Multinational Enterprises and Foreign Direct Investment in the Belt and Road Initiative Book Excerpt:

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is establishing significant connectivity networks, including a complex network of aviation e-services and trade network systems. It has promoted economic and financial development in regions covered by the BRI in terms of infrastructure construction and interconnection and attracted large foreign direct investment flows. At the bottom of the escalation of the China-US trade dispute is a more fundamental shift where China has become the US’s strategic competitor, and political-economic tensions have continued to climb. Opportunities and Challenges for Multinational Enterprises and Foreign Direct Investment in the Belt and Road Initiative analyzes the opportunities and challenges of multinational enterprises (MNEs) and cross-border foreign investments transactions. This valuable reference adopts an economic and international business perspective to address these issues and presents novel and state-of-the-art research insights into the role of MNEs and their influence on the Silk Road Economic Belt. Covering topics such as economic determinants, foreign direct investment promotion policies, and trade gravity model, this premier reference source is an excellent resource for business leaders and CEOs, policymakers, geopolitical experts, politicians, government officials, sociologists, libraries, students and educators of higher education, researchers, and academicians.

The International Encyclopedia of Geography

The International Encyclopedia of Geography
Author: Douglas Richardson,Noel Castree,Michael F. Goodchild,Audrey Kobayashi,Weidong Liu,Richard A. Marston
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 8217
Release: 2017
ISBN: 0470659637
Category: Geography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The International Encyclopedia of Geography Book Excerpt:

China

China
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Marshall Cavendish Academic
Total Pages: 118
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9789812103840
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

China Book Excerpt:

This volume contains eight papers that examine how trade and commerce are carried out in China. Areas of study include: the role of Taiwanese investment in Mainland China and how the impacts are felt in the various emerging markets; an in-depth look at the effectiveness of China's trade policies; the industrial impacts of China's entry into the World Trade Organization. The book analyzes whether or not China's role in causing global deflation is valid; and it analyzes the different sectors in China where foreign direct investment is predominant and how it relates to her strategic industrial growth. On a regional scale, the text compares and contrasts the economic growth between China and Southeast Asia in the globalized world; the direction and approach of how East Asian countries-Japan, China, South Korea-cooperates in trade with ASEAN; and finally, a case study of China's detergent industry to illustrate the myriad behavioral changes in that competitive and liberalized market.

Local Clusters in Global Value Chains

Local Clusters in Global Value Chains
Author: Valentina De Marchi,Eleonora Di Maria,Gary Gereffi
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 1351724002
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Local Clusters in Global Value Chains Book Excerpt:

The international fragmentation of economic activities – from research and design to production and marketing – described through the lens of the global value chain (GVC) approach impacts the structure and performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) agglomerated in economic clusters. The consolidation of GVCs ruled by global lead firms and the recession of 2008-09 exacerbated the pressures on cluster actors that based their competitive advantage on local systems, spurring an increasing heterogeneity, both across and within clusters, that is still overlooked in the literature. Drawing on detailed studies of different industries and countries, Local Clusters in Global Value Chains shows the co-evolutionary trajectories of clusters and GVCs, and the role of firms and their strategies in organizing manufacturing and innovation activities in the context of ongoing technological shifts. The book explores the tension between place-based variables and global drivers of change, and the possibility for territories containing such clusters to prosper in the new global scenario. By adopting insights from the GVC framework and management studies, the book discusses how the internationalization strategies of firms create opportunities as well as constraints for adaptive upgrading in clusters. This book is of interest to both researchers and policy-makers who are interested in the dynamic sources of competitive advantage in the global economy.

Industrial Clusters

Industrial Clusters
Author: John F. Wilson,Chris Corker,Joe Lane
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-07-01
ISBN: 1000609286
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Clusters Book Excerpt:

Industrial Clusters shows the latest state of knowledge on the topic of industrial clusters, with a particular focus on clustering in the UK, and brings together a chronological coverage of the phenomenon. This set of original essays by a group of leading business and industrial historians offers fresh perspectives about clusters and clustering. A primary emphasis of the collection is how knowledge is generated and disseminated across a cluster, and whether these processes stimulated innovation and consequently longer-term sustainability. This analysis also prompts questions about which unit of analysis to examine, from the entrepreneurs and firms they created through to the industry as a whole and district in which they are located, or whether one should look outside the region for explanatory factors. Covering regions as diverse as North Wales, the Scottish Highlands, the City of London, the Potteries, Sheffield and Lancashire, the essays have been channelled to provide a detailed understanding of these issues. The editors have also provided a challenging Conclusion that suggests a new research agenda that could well unravel some of the mysteries associated with clustering. This edited collection will be of interest to international researchers, academics and students in the fields of business and management history, innovation, industrialisation and clusters.

Multinational Enterprises and Emerging Economies

Multinational Enterprises and Emerging Economies
Author: Klaus E.Meyer
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2020-03-28
ISBN: 1788978927
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multinational Enterprises and Emerging Economies Book Excerpt:

Guided by the overarching question “how and why does the emerging economy context matter for business?”, this collection brings together key contributions of Klaus Meyer on multinational enterprises (MNEs) competing in, and originating from, emerging economies. The book also explores how outward investment strategies contribute to building internationally competitive MNEs.