Fear and Crime in Latin America

Fear and Crime in Latin America
Author: Lucía Dammert
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2012-10-02
ISBN: 1136298274
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fear and Crime in Latin America Book Excerpt:

The feeling of insecurity is a little known phenomenon that has been only partially explored by social sciences. However, it has a deep social, cultural and economic impact and may even contribute to define the very structures of the state. In Latin America, fear of crime has become an important stumbling block in the region’s process of democratization. After long spells of dictatorships and civil wars, violence in the region was supposed to be under control yet crime rates have continued to skyrocket and citizens remain fearful. This analytical puzzle has troubled researchers and to date there is no publication which explores this problem. Based on a wealth of cutting edge qualitative and quantitative research, Lucía Dammert proposes a unique theoretical perspective which includes a sociological, criminological and political analysis to understand fear of crime. She describes its linkages to issues such as urban segregation, social attitudes, institutional trust, public policies and authoritarian discourses in Chile’s recent past. Looking beyond Chile, Dammert also includes a regional comparative perspective allowing readers to understand the complex elements underpinning this situation. Fear and Crime in Latin America challenges many assumptions and opens an opportunity to discuss an issue that affects everyone with key societal and personal costs. As crime rates increase and states become even more fragile, fear of crime as a social problem will continue to have an important impact in Latin America.

Fear and Crime in Latin America

Fear and Crime in Latin America
Author: Lucía Dammert
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 179
Release: 2012
ISBN: 0415522110
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fear and Crime in Latin America Book Excerpt:

The feeling of insecurity is a little known phenomenon that has been only partially explored by social sciences. However, it has a deep social, cultural and economic impact and may even contribute to define the very structures of the state. In Latin America, fear of crime has become an important stumbling block in the region's process of democratization. After long spells of dictatorships and civil wars, violence in the region was supposed to be under control yet crime rates have continued to skyrocket and citizens remain fearful. This analytical puzzle has troubled researchers and to date there is no publication which explores this problem. Based on a wealth of cutting edge qualitative and quantitative research, Lucía Dammert proposes a unique theoretical perspective which includes a sociological, criminological and political analysis to understand fear of crime. She describes its linkages to issues such as urban segregation, social attitudes, institutional trust, public policies and authoritarian discourses in Chile's recent past. Looking beyond Chile, Dammert also includes a regional comparative perspective allowing readers to understand the complex elements underpinning this situation. Fear and Crime in Latin America challenges many assumptions and opens an opportunity to discuss an issue that affects everyone with key societal and personal costs. As crime rates increase and states become even more fragile, fear of crime as a social problem will continue to have an important impact in Latin America.

Crime and Violence in Latin America

Crime and Violence in Latin America
Author: H. Hugo Frühling,Joseph S. Tulchin,Heather Golding
Publsiher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2003-06-02
ISBN: 9780801873843
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crime and Violence in Latin America Book Excerpt:

Offers timely discussion by attorneys, government officials, policy analysts, and academics from the United States and Latin America of the responses of the state, civil society, and the international community to threats of violence and crime.

Citizens of Fear

Citizens of Fear
Author: Professor of Spanish and Portuguese Susana Rotker,Susana Rotker,Katherine Goldman
Publsiher: Rutgers University Press
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780813530352
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Citizens of Fear Book Excerpt:

Citizens in Latin American cities live in constant fear, amidst some of the most dangerous conditions on earth. In that vast region, 140 thousand people die violently each year, and one out of three citizens have been directly or indirectly victimized by violence. In Venezuela, adults are on average targets of crime seventeen crimes in their lifetimes, four of which are violent. In Mexico, 97 percent of all reported crimes go unpunished. Crime, in effect, is an undeclared war. Citizens of Fear, in part, assembles survey results of social scientists who document the pervasiveness of violence. But the numbers tell only part of the story. Other contributors present moving testimonials by the victimized and by journalists covering the scene. A third group of essayists explores the implications of the resulting fear for both thought and behavior. As Susana Rotker writes, "The city has been transformed into a space of vulnerability and danger...What I am interested in narrating here is...the generalized sensation of insecurity that taints the Latin American capitals, the sensation that has changed the ways people relate to urban space, to other human beings, to the state, and to the very concept of citizenship. "

The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Latin America

The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Latin America
Author: Xochitl Bada,Liliana Rivera-Sánchez
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2021-04-09
ISBN: 0190926589
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Latin America Book Excerpt:

The sociology of Latin America, established in the region over the past eighty years, is a thriving field whose major contributions include dependence theory, world-systems theory, and historical debates on economic development, among others. The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Latin America provides research essays that introduce the readers to the discipline's key areas and current trends, specifically with regard to contemporary sociology in Latin America, as well as a collection of innovative empirical studies deploying a variety of qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The essays in the Handbook are arranged in eight research subfields in which scholars are currently making significant theoretical and methodological contributions: Sociology of the State, Social Inequalities, Sociology of Religion, Collective Action and Social Movements, Sociology of Migration, Sociology of Gender, Medical Sociology, and Sociology of Violence and Insecurity. Due to the deterioration of social and economic conditions, as well as recent disruptions to an already tense political environment, these have become some of the most productive and important fields in Latin American sociology. This roiling sociopolitical atmosphere also generates new and innovative expressions of protest and survival, which are being explored by sociologists across different continents today. The essays included in this collection offer a map to and a thematic articulation of central sociological debates that make it a critical resource for those scholars and students eager to understand contemporary sociology in Latin America.

Well Being in Latin America

Well Being in Latin America
Author: Mariano Rojas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-10-14
ISBN: 3030334988
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Well Being in Latin America Book Excerpt:

This book provides an overview of factors fostering well-being in Latin America and discusses many threats to well-being in the region. The book assesses the current well-being situation in Latin American countries and offers an explanation based on its many drivers, such as family arrangements, kindness and affection of interpersonal relations, economic situation, education regimes, political institutions, poverty, income inequality, crime and violence, and the weakness of political institutions. The book provides a framework to fully understand the drivers behind high well-being, including the challenges and opportunities that public policy faces in the procurement of people’s well-being. The book provides relevant material for policymakers and social scientist interested in the procurement of well-being.

Violence and Crime in Latin America

Violence and Crime in Latin America
Author: Gema Santamaría,David Carey
Publsiher: University of Oklahoma Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-02-21
ISBN: 0806158816
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Violence and Crime in Latin America Book Excerpt:

According to media reports, Latin America is one of the most violent regions in the world—a distinction it held throughout the twentieth century. The authors of Violence and Crime in Latin America contend that perceptions and representations of violence and crime directly impact such behaviors, creating profound consequences for the political and social fabric of Latin American nations. Written by distinguished scholars of Latin American history, sociology, anthropology, and political science, the essays in this volume range from Mexico and Argentina to Colombia and Brazil in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, addressing such issues as extralegal violence in Mexico, the myth of indigenous criminality in Guatemala, and governments’ selective blindness to violent crime in Brazil and Jamaica. The authors in this collection examine not only the social construction and political visibility of violence and crime in Latin America, but the justifications for them as well. Analytically and historically, these essays show how Latin American citizens have sanctioned criminal and violent practices and incorporated them into social relations, everyday practices, and institutional settings. At the same time, the authors explore the power struggles that inform distinctions between illegitimate versus legitimate violence. Violence and Crime in Latin America makes a substantive contribution to understanding a key problem facing Latin America today. In its historical depth and ethnographic reach, this original and thought-provoking volume enhances our understanding of crime and violence throughout the Western Hemisphere.

Prisons and Crime in Latin America

Prisons and Crime in Latin America
Author: Marcelo Bergman,Gustavo Fondevila
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2021-02-28
ISBN: 1108487882
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prisons and Crime in Latin America Book Excerpt:

Rather than reducing criminality, prisons in Latin America drive crime by creating the conditions for its growth.

The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime

The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime
Author: Murray Lee,Gabe Mythen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2017-12-01
ISBN: 1317311078
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime Book Excerpt:

The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime brings together original and international state of the art contributions of theoretical, empirical, policy-related scholarship on the intersection of perceptions of crime, victimisation, vulnerability and risk. This is timely as fear of crime has now been a focus of scholarly and policy interest for some fifty years and shows little sign of abating. Research on fear of crime is demonstrative of the inter-disciplinarity of criminology, drawing in the disciplines of sociology, psychology, political science, history, cultural studies, gender studies, planning and architecture, philosophy and human geography. This collection draws in many of these interdisciplinary themes. This collections also extends the boundaries of fear of crime research. It does this both methodologically and conceptually, but perhaps more importantly it moves us beyond some of the often repeated debates in this field to focus on novel topics from unique perspectives. The book begins by plotting the history of fear of crime’s development, then moves on to investigate the methodological and theoretical debates that have ensued and the policy transfer that occurred across jurisdictions. Key elements in debates and research on fear of crime concerning gender, race and ethnicity are covered, as are contemporary themes in fear of crime research, such as regulation, security, risk and the fear of terrorism, the mapping of fear of crime and fear of crime beyond urban landscapes. The final sections of the book explore geographies of fear and future and unique directions for this research.

Psychology of Fear Crime and the Media

Psychology of Fear  Crime and the Media
Author: Derek Chadee
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2015-12-07
ISBN: 1317700600
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology of Fear Crime and the Media Book Excerpt:

The media continue to have a significant persuasive influence on the public perception of crime, even when the information presented is not reflective of the crime rate or actual crime itself. There have been numerous theoretical studies on fear of crime in the media, but few have considered this from a social psychological perspective. As new media outlets emerge and public dependence on them increases, the need for such awareness has never been greater. This volume lays the foundation for understanding fear of crime from a social psychological perspective in a way that has not yet been systematically presented to the academic world. This volume brings together an international team of experts and scholars to assess the role of fear and the media in everyday life. Chapters take a multidisciplinary approach to psychology, sociology and criminology and explore such topics as dual process theory, construal level theory, public fascination with gangs, and other contemporary issues.

Gangs and Crime in Latin America

Gangs and Crime in Latin America
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1422332888
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gangs and Crime in Latin America Book Excerpt:

Democracy Revolution and Geopolitics in Latin America

Democracy  Revolution and Geopolitics in Latin America
Author: Luis Fernando Angosto-Ferrandez
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2013-11-12
ISBN: 1134503180
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy Revolution and Geopolitics in Latin America Book Excerpt:

Hugo Chávez won re-election in the 2012 Venezuelan presidential election, despite a closer margin between candidates than in previous elections. The results were puzzling for those who believed that Chávez’s government had long ago reached its limits, while Chávez’s supporters were struck by the growth of the opposition vote. Thus understanding the Venezuelan election of 2012 has proved to be challenging, with various recent studies focused upon it. Luis F. Angosto Ferrández’s book advances two ideas not previously discussed: the relationship between electoral behavior in Venezuela and contemporary Latin American geopolitics, and the way that relationship is projected through the candidates’ appeal to narratives that situate Venezuela at the core of a heroic Latin American tradition and of a new regional process of integration. This edited volume first contextualizes and explains the results of the last re-election of Hugo Chávez in terms of its geopolitical conditionings and implications. Contributors tackle Latin American geopolitics by analyzing Venezuelan foreign policy and the country's role in continental projects of supra-national integration. Contributors also examine electoral strategy and tactics in order to show how the two main candidates built their campaign on emotional grounds as much on rational ones. This will be connected to the investigation of new narratives of national identification in contemporary Venezuela and how they may have practical implications in the design of policies addressing issues such as indigenous rights, community media and national security. Compiling state-of-the-art research on Latin American and Venezuelan politics, this book will appeal to academics and professionals who specialize in Latin American studies, international relations, democracy, and indigenous peoples.

The Rule of Law in Central America

The Rule of Law in Central America
Author: Mary Fran T. Malone
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-01-12
ISBN: 1441140662
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Rule of Law in Central America Book Excerpt:

The book is a thorough study that focuses on the impact of the current crime wave on citizens' respect for the law in countries such as Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. The work opens with a brief review of the literature on the rule of law and legal socialization, followed by an historical overview of the democratization and justice reform in Central America from the 1990s to the present. Set as a comparative, micro-level study, the work then looks at an array of measures from citizens' toleration of government abuses of power to vigilante justice and the reporting of crime to police. Lastly, an empirical model is developed to predict citizens' attitudes, combining both these micro-level individual attributes with macro-level measures of institutional performance. A unique look at the process of democratization from a comparative perspective, Citizens' Support for the Rule of Law in Central America it will appeal to faculty, researchers, and students interested in Latin American politics, comparative politics, and democratic transition.

Gangs and Crime in Latin America

Gangs and Crime in Latin America
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 75
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Gang prevention
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gangs and Crime in Latin America Book Excerpt:

Putting Fear of Crime on the Map

Putting Fear of Crime on the Map
Author: Bruce J. Doran,Melissa B. Burgess
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2011-09-21
ISBN: 9781441956477
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Putting Fear of Crime on the Map Book Excerpt:

Since first emerging as an issue of concern in the late 1960s, fear of crime has become one of the most researched topics in contemporary criminology and receives considerable attention in a range of other disciplines including social ecology, social psychology and geography. Researchers looking the subject have consistently uncovered alarming characteristics, primarily relating to the behavioural responses that people adopt in relation to their fear of crime. This book reports on research conducted over the past eight years, in which efforts have been made to pioneer the combination of techniques from behavioural geography with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in order to map the fear of crime. The first part of the book outlines the history of research into fear of crime, with an emphasis on the many approaches that have been used to investigate the problem and the need for a spatially-explicit approach. The second part provides a technical break down of the GIS-based techniques used to map fear of crime and summarises key findings from two separate study sites. The authors describe collective avoidance behaviour in relation to disorder decline models such as the Broken Windows Thesis, the potential to integrate fear mapping with police-community partnerships and emerging avenues for further research. Issues discussed include fear of crime in relation to housing prices and disorder, the use of fear mapping as a means with which to monitor the impact of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) and fear mapping in transit environments.

Behind the Gates

Behind the Gates
Author: Setha Low
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2004-03-01
ISBN: 1135945292
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behind the Gates Book Excerpt:

First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Americas and the New World Order

The Americas and the New World Order
Author: Joshua Hyles
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2019-09-20
ISBN: 152754026X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Americas and the New World Order Book Excerpt:

This collection of essays includes papers presented at the 22nd annual Eugene Scassa Mock OAS Conference, an inter-collegiate competition and prestigious academic conference focused on inter-American political systems and the politics, history, and culture of the Americas. The volume includes sections on cultural perceptions and soft power in the Americas, migration and immigration, crime and terrorism, commodities and economic partnerships in the Americas and beyond, and relations and impacts between Asia and the Americas. Running the historical gamut from the Colonial Era into the present day, and written by recognized authorities in their fields and promising new scholars alike, the collection presents a wide assortment of viewpoints and research backgrounds to portray the Americas and its historic, present, and future place in the ever-changing world order.

How s Life in Latin America Measuring Well being for Policy Making

How   s Life in Latin America  Measuring Well being for Policy Making
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2021-10-28
ISBN: 9264685936
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How s Life in Latin America Measuring Well being for Policy Making Book Excerpt:

Many Latin American countries have experienced improvements in income over recent decades, with several of them now classified as high-income or upper middle-income in terms of conventional metrics. But has this change been mirrored in improvements across the different areas of people’s lives? How’s Life in Latin America? Measuring Well-being for Policy Making addresses this question by presenting comparative evidence for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with a focus on 11 LAC countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay).

Disclosing Elite Ecologies

Disclosing Elite Ecologies
Author: Bas van Heur,Bassens David
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2021-07-27
ISBN: 1000406172
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disclosing Elite Ecologies Book Excerpt:

Disclosing elite ecologies: Methodologies for "Doing" Urban Elite Research offers a set of methodologies to chart urban elites. Whereas most research has focused on the global super-rich, this book pays specific attention to the multidimensional urban geographies of elite reproduction and transformation, as elites depend on urban contexts for capital accumulation, consumption and leisure, and housing. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach to the topic, contributing authors discuss various theoretical and methodological antecedents in urban studies and related areas of research that have investigated economic elites. Building on, but also moving beyond these bodies of literature, the book rejects a-priori definitions of the size and shape of this social group and instead pursues relational, place specific conceptualizations of elite composition and behavior. In particular, the contributions to the volume show that urban elite research benefits from paying more attention to: (i) boundary work between elites and non-elites; (ii) intra-elite competition and distinction; (iii) national state spaces in determining elite composition; and (iv) the urban sense of belonging of economic elites. This extensive volume provides readers with various empirical inroads into the study of urban elites drawing on research set in Brussels, Fez, London, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Milan, New York City, Paris, and Porto Alegre. Taking inspiration from urban and economic geography, elite theory and urban sociology, cultural sociology, political economy, anthropology, criminology, architecture, and migration studies, this book aims to open up the opportunity for methodological cross-fertilization. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Urban Geography.

Democracy and Security in Latin America

Democracy and Security in Latin America
Author: Gabriel Marcella,Orlando J. Pérez,Brian Fonseca
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2021-11-05
ISBN: 1000459098
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and Security in Latin America Book Excerpt:

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for governments to generate the necessary capacity to address important security and institutional challenges; this volume deepens our understanding of the nature and extent of state governance in Latin America. State capacity is multidimensional, with all elements interacting to produce stable governance and security. As such, a collection of scholars and practitioners use an explicit interdisciplinary approach, drawing on the contributions of history, political science, economics, public policy, military studies, and other fields to gain a rounded understanding of the link between security and democracy. Democracy and Security in Latin America is divided in two sections: Part 1 focuses on the challenges to governance and key institutions such as police, courts, armed forces. and the prison system. Part 2 features country case studies that illustrate particularly important security challenges and various means by which the state has confronted them. Democracy and Security in Latin America should appeal not only to those seeking to learn more about the capacity of the democratic state in Latin America to effectively provide public security in times of stress, but to all those curious about the reality that a democracy must have security to function.