Feminist Approaches to Archaeological Practice and the Archaeological Past

Feminist Approaches to Archaeological Practice and the Archaeological Past
Author: Tiffany Jessica Fulkerson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2020
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Feminist archaeology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Feminist Approaches to Archaeological Practice and the Archaeological Past Book Excerpt:

The sociopolitical conditions that entrench professional engagement influence not only the production and dissemination of knowledge in the sciences, but also the lived experiences of the practitioners who participate in scientific inquiry. This is certainly the case for archaeology, where professional practice informs the way that we think about and communicate the human past. This dissertation examines how one critical aspect of sociopolitics and human identity--gender--and its intersections with other forms of status and identity reflexively influence and are influenced by: 1) engagement with archaeological practice and the communication of knowledge, and 2) the societies and lifeways that archaeologists interpret in the archaeological record. It focuses on case studies from western North America and North America at large, bridging feminist epistemologies with the evidential constraints of empirical data. It begins with a critical evaluation of feminist and gender approaches to archaeology in the Pacific Northwest, from which numerous research gaps in the archaeological study of gender are identified and taken to task in subsequent case studies. Next, this dissertation examines gender and occupational affiliation equity issues and their impacts on multivocality and the dissemination of knowledge in archaeological publishing in both western North America and greater North America. Finally, this dissertation turns to the critical roles that women, family cooperation, and childcare considerations played in hunter-gatherer plant and storage economies and settlement patterns in the Late Holocene on the Southern Plateau. These three independent, yet connected studies provide a framework for exploring gender in the archaeological past and present in western North America and elsewhere, and demonstrate the importance of considering the critical variable of gender and its intersections with other forms of identity, including age, status, and professional occupation, through feminist approaches and scientific data.

Archaeologies of the Heart

Archaeologies of the Heart
Author: Kisha Supernant,Jane Eva Baxter,Natasha Lyons,Sonya Atalay
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-02-14
ISBN: 9783030363529
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeologies of the Heart Book Excerpt:

Archaeological practice is currently shifting in response to feminist, indigenous, activist, community-based, and anarchic critiques of how archaeology is practiced and how science is used to interpret the past lives of people. Inspired by the calls for a different way of doing archaeology, this volume presents a case here for a heart-centered archaeological practice. Heart-centered practice emerged in care-based disciplines, such as nursing and various forms of therapy, as a way to recognize the importance of caring for those on whom we work, and as an avenue to explore how our interactions with others impacts our own emotions and heart. Archaeologists are disciplined to separate mind and heart, a division which harkens back to the origins of western thought. The dualism between the mental and the physical is fundamental to the concept that humans can objectively study the world without being immersed in it. Scientific approaches to understanding the world assume there is an objective world to be studied and that humans must remove themselves from that world in order to find the truth. An archaeology of the heart rejects this dualism; rather, we see mind, body, heart, and spirit as inextricable. An archaeology of the heart provides a new space for thinking through an integrated, responsible, and grounded archaeology, where there is care for the living and the dead, acknowledges the need to build responsible relationships with communities, and with the archaeological record, and emphasize the role of rigor in how work and research is conducted. The contributions bring together archaeological practitioners from across the globe in different contexts to explore how heart-centered practice can impact archaeological theory, methodology, and research throughout the discipline.

Feminist Anthropology

Feminist Anthropology
Author: Pamela L. Geller,Miranda K. Stockett
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9780812239409
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Feminist Anthropology Book Excerpt:

Feminist Anthropology probes critical issues in the study of gender, sex, and sexuality. While feminist anthropology is often perceived as fragmented, this vital new work establishes common ground and situates feminist inquiries within the larger context of social theory and anthropological practice.

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology
Author: Brian M. Fagan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 864
Release: 1996-12-05
ISBN: 0199771219
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology Book Excerpt:

When we think of archaeology, most of us think first of its many spectacular finds: the legendary city of Troy, Tutankhamun's golden tomb, the three-million-year-old footprints at Laetoli, the mile-high city at Machu Picchu, the cave paintings at Lascaux. But as marvelous as these discoveries are, the ultimate goal of archaeology, and of archaeologists, is something far more ambitious. Indeed, it is one of humanity's great quests: to recapture and understand our human past, across vast stretches of time, as it was lived in every corner of the globe. Now, in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, readers have a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this fascinating discipline, in a book that is itself a rare find, a treasure of up-to-date information on virtually every aspect of the field. The range of subjects covered here is breathtaking--everything from the domestication of the camel, to Egyptian hieroglyphics, to luminescence dating, to the Mayan calendar, to Koobi Fora and Olduvai Gorge. Readers will find extensive essays that illuminate the full history of archaeology--from the discovery of Herculaneum in 1783, to the recent finding of the "Ice Man" and the ancient city of Uruk--and engaging biographies of the great figures in the field, from Gertrude Bell, Paul Emile Botta, and Louis and Mary Leakey, to V. Gordon Childe, Li Chi, Heinrich Schliemann, and Max Uhle. The Companion offers extensive coverage of the methods used in archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists find sites (remote sensing, aerial photography, ground survey), how they map excavations and report findings, and how they analyze artifacts (radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, stratigraphy, mortuary analysis). Of course, archaeology's great subject is humanity and human culture, and there are broad essays that examine human evolution--ranging from our early primate ancestors, to Australopithecus and Cro-Magnon, to Homo Erectus and Neanderthals--and explore the many general facets of culture, from art and architecture, to arms and armor, to beer and brewing, to astronomy and religion. And perhaps most important, the contributors provide insightful coverage of human culture as it has been expressed in every region of the world. Here entries range from broad overviews, to treatments of particular themes, to discussions of peoples, societies, and particular sites. Thus, anyone interested in North America would find articles that cover the continent from the Arctic to the Eastern woodlands to the Northwest Coast, that discuss the Iroquois and Algonquian cultures, the hunters of the North American plains, and the Norse in North America, and that describe sites such as Mesa Verde, Meadowcraft Rockshelter, Serpent Mound, and Poverty Point. Likewise, the coverage of Europe runs from the Paleolithic period, to the Bronze and Iron Age, to the Post-Roman era, looks at peoples such as the Celts, the Germans, the Vikings, and the Slavs, and describes sites at Altamira, Pompeii, Stonehenge, Terra Amata, and dozens of other locales. The Companion offers equally thorough coverage of Africa, Europe, North America, Mesoamerica, South America, Asia, the Mediterranean, the Near East, Australia and the Pacific. And finally, the editors have included extensive cross-referencing and thorough indexing, enabling the reader to pursue topics of interest with ease; charts and maps providing additional information; and bibliographies after most entries directing readers to the best sources for further study. Every Oxford Companion aspires to be the definitive overview of a field of study at a particular moment of time. This superb volume is no exception. Featuring 700 articles written by hundreds of respected scholars from all over the world, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology provides authoritative, stimulating entries on everything from bog bodies, to underwater archaeology, to the Pyramids of Giza and the Valley of the Kings.

Archaeology

Archaeology
Author: Mark Q Sutton
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2015-07-17
ISBN: 131735009X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeology Book Excerpt:

Illuminating the world of archaeology. Archaeology conveys the excitement of archaeological discovery and explains how archaeologists think as they scientifically find, analyze, and interpret evidence. The main objective of this text is to provide an introduction to the broad and fascinating world of archaeology from the scientific perspective. Discussions on the theoretical aspects of archaeology, as well as the practical applications of what is learned about the past, have been updated and expanded upon in this fourth edition. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Discuss the theoretical aspects of archaeology. Apply what has been learned about the past. Identify the various perspectives archaeologists have.

Archaeological Theory in Practice

Archaeological Theory in Practice
Author: Patricia A Urban,Edward Schortman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2019-03-04
ISBN: 1000021173
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeological Theory in Practice Book Excerpt:

Many students view archaeological theory as a subject distinct from field research. This division is reinforced by the way theory is taught, often in stand-alone courses that focus more on logic and reasoning than on the application of ideas to fieldwork. Divorcing thought from action does not convey how archaeologists go about understanding the past. This book bridges the gap between theory and practice by looking in detail at how the authors and their colleagues used theory to interpret what they found while conducting research in northwest Honduras. This is not a linear narrative. Rather, the book highlights the open-ended nature of archaeological investigations in which theories guide research whose findings may challenge these initial interpretations and lead in unexpected directions. Pursuing those novel investigations requires new theories that are themselves subject to refutation by newly gathered data. The central case study is the writers’ work in Honduras. The interrelations of fieldwork, data, theory, and interpretation are also illustrated with two long-running archaeological debates, the emergence of inequality in southern Mesopotamia and inferring the ancient meanings of Stonehenge. The book is of special interest to undergraduate Anthropology/Archaeology majors and first- and second-year graduate students, along with anyone interested in how archaeologists convert the static materials we find into dynamic histories of long-vanished people.

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology
Author: Brian M. Fagan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 844
Release: 1996
ISBN: 0195076184
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology Book Excerpt:

Features articles written by archaeology scholars on such topics as bog bodies, underwater archaeology, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Valley of the Kings

Archaeology The Key Concepts

Archaeology  The Key Concepts
Author: Colin Renfrew,Disney Professor of Archaeology Cambridge University Fellow Colin Renfrew,Paul Bahn
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2013-09-05
ISBN: 1134370415
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeology The Key Concepts Book Excerpt:

From two of the best-known archaeological writers in the trade, this outstanding resource provides a thorough survey of the key ideas in archaeology, and how they impact on archaeological thinking and method. Clearly written, and easy to follow, Archaeology: The Key Concepts collates entries written specifically by field specialists, and each entry offers a definition of the term, its origins and development, and all the major figures involved in the area. The entries include: thinking about landscape archaeology of cult and religion cultural evolution concepts of time urban societies the antiquity of humankind archaeology of gender feminist archaeology experimental archaeology multiregional evolution. With guides to further reading, extensive cross-referencing, and accessibly written for even beginner students, this book is a superb guide for anyone studying, teaching, or with any interest in this fascinating subject.

Re Mapping Archaeology

Re Mapping Archaeology
Author: Mark Gillings,Piraye Hacıgüzeller,Gary Lock
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2018-07-27
ISBN: 1351267701
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Re Mapping Archaeology Book Excerpt:

Maps have always been a fundamental tool in archaeological practice, and their prominence and variety have increased along with a growing range of digital technologies used to collect, visualise, query and analyse spatial data. However, unlike in other disciplines, the development of archaeological cartographical critique has been surprisingly slow; a missed opportunity given that archaeology, with its vast and multifaceted experience with space and maps, can significantly contribute to the field of critical mapping. Re-mapping Archaeology thinks through cartographic challenges in archaeology and critiques the existing mapping traditions used in the social sciences and humanities, especially since the 1990s. It provides a unique archaeological perspective on cartographic theory and innovatively pulls together a wide range of mapping practices applicable to archaeology and other disciplines. This volume will be suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for established researchers in archaeology, geography, anthropology, history, landscape studies, ethnology and sociology.

Archaeological Theory in Practice

Archaeological Theory in Practice
Author: PatriciaA Urban
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN: 1351576194
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeological Theory in Practice Book Excerpt:

In this concise, friendly textbook, Patricia Urban and Edward Schortman teach the basics of archaeological theory, making explicit the crucial link between theory and the actual conduct of archaeological research. The first half of the text addresses the general nature of theory, as well as how it is used in the social sciences and in archaeology in particular. To demonstrate the usefulness of theory, the authors draw from research at Stonehenge, Mesopotamia, and their own long-term research project in the Naco Valley of Honduras. They show how theory becomes meaningful when it is used by very real individuals to interpret equally real materials. These extended narratives exemplify the creative interaction between data and theory that shape our understanding of the past. Ideal for introductory courses in archaeological theory.

Journal of Northwest Anthropology

Journal of Northwest Anthropology
Author: Darby C. Stapp
Publsiher: Northwest Anthropology
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2017-03-02
ISBN: 1544054408
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Northwest Anthropology Book Excerpt:

JONA Volume 51 Number 1 - Spring 2017 Engendering the Past: The Status of Gender and Feminist Approaches to Archaeology in the Pacific Northwest and Future Directions - Tiffany J. Fulkerson Chemical Sourcing of Obsidian Artifacts from the Grissom Site (45-KT-301) to Study Source Variability - Anne B. Parfitt and Patrick T. McCutcheon Exploratory Analysis and Significance Testing of the Nez Perce Settlement Patterns Model - Lyle D. Nakonechny Ancient Artifact or New Age Totem: Analysis of a Carved Sacrum from the Oregon Coast - Dennis G. Griffin Changes in Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence from Labouchere Bay (49-PET-476), Southeast Alaska - Mark R. Williams

Archaeological Theory

Archaeological Theory
Author: Matthew Johnson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-03-22
ISBN: 1118499387
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeological Theory Book Excerpt:

A lively and accessible introduction to themes and debates in archaeological theory for students of all levels Archaeological Theory is a relatable, accessible, reader-friendly first step into the world of theory for archaeology students. Recognizing that many students shy away from the study of theory for fear that the material is too difficult or obscure, Archaeological Theory maintains that any student can develop an understanding of theory and that a knowledge of theory will lead to better practice. As one of the leading texts for introductory courses in archaeology and archaeological theory, it has provided many students with the essential foundation for a complete education in the discipline. With a focus on clarifying the history and development of archaeological theory, this valuable text serves as a roadmap to the different schools of theory in archaeology, clarifying the foundations of these schools of thought, the relationships between them, and the ideas that distinguish each from the other. Students will also learn about the relationship between archaeology and cultural and political developments, the origins of New and ‘post-processual’ archaeology, and current issues shaping the field. Written in a clear and informal style and incorporating examples, cartoons, and dialogues, this text provides an ideal introduction for students at all levels. The revised third edition has been updated with new and revised chapters and an expanded glossary and bibliography, as well as new readings to guide further study. Engages readers with informal and easy-to-understand prose, as well as examples, cartoons, and informal dialogues Prepares students to understand complex topics and current and perennial issues in the field such as epistemology, agency, and materiality in the context of archaeological practice Discusses current developments in associated disciplines New and revised chapters on the material turn, politics and other issues, and an expanded glossary and bibliography with updated reading suggestions Offers expanded coverage of materiality, cultural-historical archaeology, evolutionary theory, and the work of scholars of diverse backgrounds and specializations Engaging and illuminating, Archaeological Theory is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students in archaeology and related disciplines.

Black Feminist Archaeology

Black Feminist Archaeology
Author: Whitney Battle-Baptiste
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN: 1351573551
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Black Feminist Archaeology Book Excerpt:

Black feminist thought has developed in various parts of the academy for over three decades, but has made only minor inroads into archaeological theory and practice. Whitney Battle-Baptiste outlines the basic tenets of Black feminist thought and research for archaeologists and shows how it can be used to improve contemporary historical archaeology. She demonstrates this using Andrew Jackson‘s Hermitage, the W. E. B. Du Bois Homesite in Massachusetts, and the Lucy Foster house in Andover, which represented the first archaeological excavation of an African American home. Her call for an archaeology more sensitive to questions of race and gender is an important development for the field.

Encyclopedia of Anthropology

Encyclopedia of Anthropology
Author: H. James Birx
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 2373
Release: 2006
ISBN: 0761930299
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Anthropology Book Excerpt:

Collects 1,000 entries on the subfields on anthropology, including physical anthropology, archaeology, paleontology, linguistics, and evolution.

Naked Truths

Naked Truths
Author: Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow,Claire L. Lyons,with an epilogue by Natalie Boymel Kampen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2003-09-01
ISBN: 113460386X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Naked Truths Book Excerpt:

The articles in Naked Truths demonstrate the application of feminist theory to a diverse repertory of classical art: they offer topical and controversial readings on the material culture of the ancient Mediterranean. This volume presents a timely, provocative and beautifully illustrated re-evaluation of how the issues of gender, identity and sexuality reveal 'naked truths' about fundamental human values and social realities, through the compelling symbolism of the body.

The Routledge Handbook of Sensory Archaeology

The Routledge Handbook of Sensory Archaeology
Author: Robin Skeates,Jo Day
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2019-11-19
ISBN: 1317197461
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook of Sensory Archaeology Book Excerpt:

Edited by two pioneers in the field of sensory archaeology, this Handbook comprises a key point of reference for the ever-expanding field of sensory archaeology: one that surpasses previous books in this field, both in scope and critical intent. This Handbook provides an extensive set of specially commissioned chapters, each of which summarizes and critically reflects on progress made in this dynamic field during the early years of the twenty-first century. The authors identify and discuss the key current concepts and debates of sensory archaeology, providing overviews and commentaries on its methods and its place in interdisciplinary sensual culture studies. Through a set of thematic studies, they explore diverse sensorial practices, contexts and materials, and offer a selection of archaeological case-studies from different parts of the world. In the light of this, the research methods now being brought into the service of sensory archaeology are re-examined. Of interest to scholars, students and others with an interest in archaeology around the world, this book will be invaluable to archaeologists and is also of relevance to scholars working in disciplines contributing to sensory studies: aesthetics, anthropology, architecture, art history, communication studies, history (including history of science), geography, literary and cultural studies, material culture studies, museology, philosophy, psychology, and sociology.

Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories

Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories
Author: Lorraine Code
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2002-06-01
ISBN: 113478726X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories Book Excerpt:

The path-breaking Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories is an accessible, multidisciplinary insight into the complex field of feminist thought. The Encyclopedia contains over 500 authoritative entries commissioned from an international team of contributors and includes clear, concise and provocative explanations of key themes and ideas. Each entry contains cross references and a bibliographic guide to further reading; over 50 biographical entries provide readers with a sense of how the theories they encounter have developed out of the lives and situations of their authors.

The Archaeology of Identities

The Archaeology of Identities
Author: Timothy Insoll
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2007-01-24
ISBN: 1134120516
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Archaeology of Identities Book Excerpt:

The Archaeology of Identities brings together seventeen seminal articles from this exciting new discipline in one indispensable volume for the first time. Editor Timothy Insoll expertly selects a cross-section of contributions by leading authorities to form a comprehensive and balanced representation of approaches and interests. Issues covered include: gender and sexuality ethnicity, nationalism and caste age ideology disability. Chapters are thematically arranged and are contextualized with lucid summaries and an introductory chapter, providing an accessible introduction to the varied selection of case studies included and archaeological materials considered from global sources. The study of identity is increasingly recognized as a fundamental division of archaeological enquiry, and has recently become the focus of a variety of new and challenging developments. As such, this volume will fast become the definitive sourcebook in archaeology of identities, making it essential reading for students, lecturers and researchers in the field.

World Prehistory and Archaeology

World Prehistory and Archaeology
Author: Michael Chazan
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2017-08-22
ISBN: 1351802895
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Prehistory and Archaeology Book Excerpt:

An Integrated Picture of Prehistory as an Active Process of Discovery World Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways through Time, fourth edition, provides an integrated discussion of world prehistory and archaeological methods. This text emphasizes the relevance of how we know and what we know about our human prehistory. A cornerstone of World Prehistory and Archaeology is the discussion of prehistory as an active process of discovery. Methodological issues are addressed throughout the text to engage readers. Archaeological methods are introduced in the first two chapters. Succeeding chapters then address the question of how we know the past to provide an integrated presentation of prehistory. The fourth edition involves readers in the current state of archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists work and interpret what they find. Through the coverage of various new research, author Michael Chazan shows how archaeology is truly a global discipline. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: * Gain new perspectives and insights into who we are and how our world came into being. * Think about humanity from the perspective of archaeology. * Appreciate the importance of the archaeological record for contemporary society.

Community Based Archaeology

Community Based Archaeology
Author: Sonya Atalay
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2012-10
ISBN: 0520273362
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Community Based Archaeology Book Excerpt:

“Community Based Participatory Research in archaeology finally comes of age with Atalay’s long-anticipated volume. She promotes a collaborative approach to knowledge gathering, interpretation, and use that benefits descendant communities and archaeological practitioners, contributing to a more relevant, rewarding, and responsible archaeology. This is essential reading for anyone who asks why we do archaeology, for whom, and how best can it be done.” – George Nicholas, author of Being and Becoming Indigenous Archaeologists “Sonya Atalay shows archaeologists how the process of Community Based Participatory Research can move our efforts at collaboration with local communities beyond theory and good intentions to a sustainable practice. This is a game-changing book that every archaeologist must read.” – Randall H. McGuire, author of Archaeology as Political Action