Fiscal Policy In Economic And Monetary Union

Author by : Marco Buti
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
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Description : The book has many merits, and represents an important contribution to the controversial topic of European fiscal policy. I appreciated in particular the high quality and rigor of the analysis and the fact that the pros and cons of the contending opinions are presented in a fair way. It is a rewarding reading. EAEPE Newsletter Buti and Franco present a series of interesting analytical information which should be read by as broad an audience as possible. . . the book is a good buy. László Csaba, Acta Oeconomica This book explores the origins, rationale, problems and prospects of the European fiscal policy framework. It provides the reader with a roadmap to EMU s budgetary framework by exploring its theoretical and empirical foundations, uncovering its historical roots and emphasising its supranational nature. The authors, who have been at the forefront of the academic and policy debate on economic policy in Europe, argue that fiscal policy has always been at the core of the EMU debate. The Maastricht criteria and the Stability and Growth Pact are the most contentious building blocks of EMU s institutional architecture: they have aroused heated controversies between academics and policymakers ever since their adoption. As EMU s budgetary rules undergo their first severe shock, Europe is still searching for its fiscal soul. The book s basic premise is that one cannot fully understand EMU s fiscal framework and the recent debate on its reform without placing them in a historical and institutional perspective and abstracting from the uniqueness of EMU, where sovereign countries retain a large degree of fiscal independence, and monetary policy is entrusted to an independent central bank with the overriding mission of maintaining price stability. Analysing all aspects of EMU s fiscal rules and institutions, this book will strongly appeal to students, academics and researchers of macroeconomic policy and European integration. Policymakers and fiscal policy experts at both national and international levels will also find the book to be of great interest.


Economics Of Monetary Union

Author by : Paul De Grauwe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : The eleventh edition of Economics of Monetary Union provides a concise analysis of the theories and policies relating to monetary union. The author addresses current issues surrounding the Eurozone, including; a critical discussion of the costs and benefits of possible exits by its member countries, an analysis of the role of the ECB as new single supervisor and detail on the sovereign debt crisis. In Part One the author examines the implications of adopting a common currency, assessing the benefit to each country from being a member of the Eurozone, whilst also questioning whether other parts of the world would gain from monetary unification. Part Two of the book looks at the problems of running a monetary union by analysing Europe's experience and the issues faced by the European Central Bank. Contents List Part One: Costs and Benefits of Monetary Union Chapter 1 The Costs of Common Currency Chapter 2 The Theory of Optimum Currency Areas: A Critique Chapter 3 The Benefits of a Common Currency Chapter 4 Costs and Benefits Compared Part Two: Monetary Union Chapter 5 The Fragility of Incomplete Monetary Union Chapter 6 How to Complete a Monetary Union? Chapter 7 The Transition to a Monetary Union Chapter 8 The European Central Bank Chapter 9 Monetary Policy in the Eurozone Chapter 10 Fiscal Policies in Monetary Unions Chapter 11 The Euro and Financial Markets Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre features: For Students: Links to data sources Essay questions Paul de Grauwe on Twitter Links to articles and papers For Lecturers: Instructor manual PowerPoint slides


Fiscal Policy In The European Union

Author by : J. Ferreiro
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book provides a comprehensive analysis of national fiscal policies in the European Union and in the European Monetary Union. Adopting a critical perspective, the book offers a deep insight into the consequences of the current strategy of national fiscal policies on economic activity.


The Political Economy Of Monetary Union

Author by : Paul de Grauwe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Pub
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Description : This collection brings together both classic articles which have laid the foundations for the theory of optimum currency and the resulting empirical literature. Articles are presented in sections on the theory of optimum currency areas, empirical analysis of optimum currency areas, fiscal policies in a monetary union, the central bank in a monetary union, and issues of transition to monetary union. Most articles were originally published in the 1990s. The editor teaches international economics at the University of Leuven, Belgium. c. Book News Inc.


Economic And Monetary Union Implications For National Policy Makers

Author by : Klaus Gretschmann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : The Heads of State and Government at the European Council meeting in Maastricht definitely decided to embark upon the creation of Economic and Monetary Union by, at the latest, the beginning of 1999, and in doing so opted for a relatively short but difficult journey that should bring the European Community all the benefits one could expect from such an undertaking. However, the question still remains of how economic and monetary union will really affect the day-to-day policy making of the national civil servants involved, particularly in the areas of monetary and fiscal policies.


Economic And Monetary Union Macroeconomic Policies

Author by : P. Arestis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book focuses on the construction of the economic policies of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and its institutions. It reviews the faltering economic performance of the EMU countries before and after the onset of the financial crisis.


Fiscal Policy Taxation And The Financial System In An Increasingly Integrated Europe

Author by : D.E. Fair
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The papers collected in this volume are those presented at the sixteenth Colloquium arranged by the Societe Universitaire Europeenne de Re cherches Financieres (SUERF), which took place in Lisbon in May 1991. The Society is supported by a large number of central banks and commer cial banks, by other financial and business institutions, and by personal subscriptions from academics and others interested in monetary and financial problems. Since its establishment in 1963, it has developed as a forum for the exchange of information, research results and ideas among academics and practitioners in these fields, including central bank officials and civil servants responsible for formulating and applying monetary and financial policies, national and international. A major activity of SUERF is to organise and conduct Colloquia on subjects of topical interest to its members. The titles, places and dates of previous Colloquia for which volumes of the collected papers were published are noted on the last page of this volume. Volumes were not produced for Colloquia held at Tarragona, Spain in October 1970 under the title 'Monetary Policy and New Developments in Banking' and at Strasbourg, France in January 1972 under the title 'Aspects of European Monetary Union'.


Fiscal Policy Surveillance In Europe

Author by : Peter Wierts
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave MacMillan
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Description : The creation of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the introduction of the euro have given a strong impetus to fiscal policy coordination in the European Union (EU). The EU fiscal framework and the Stability and Growth Pact provide for the systematic surveillance of the fiscal policies of the large and heterogeneous group of 25 Member States. In this book, contributors from leading academic and international-policy institutions give a comprehensive overview of the central themes of current fiscal policy, including the impact of ageing populations on fiscal sustainability, the conduct of fiscal policy over the economic cycle, creative accounting in response to fiscal rules, fiscal decentralization, EU enlargement, and the link between expenditure reform and economic growth.


The Path To European Economic And Monetary Union

Author by : Scheherazade S. Rehman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Sir Alan Walters ex-chief economic advisor to PM Margaret Thatcher Whether it succeeds or fails, Europe is everyone's concern. The idea of a united Europe has been entertained, even partially at least, achieved, inter alia, CharlemagI!e, Napoleon, Hitler, and in our da)' by Spaak, Monet and Chancellor Kohl: the first three by military conquest, the last three by "negotiation" and the creation of integrating institutional arrangements. The motives varied from the twisted paranoia of the Nazis to the idealism of SpaaklMonet/Kohl in avoiding conflicts and wars. Under the protection of NATO the European Coal and Steel Community soon was transformed into the EEC by the 1957 Treaty of Rome. The massive reduction of trade barriers, particularly between France and Germany, was rewarded by vigorous growth over the next 15 years. Even as late as 1972, when Britain acceeded to the Treaty of Rome, the EEC was thought to be lar~ely a customs union: in de Gaulle eyes the EEC was simply a collection of sovereISJ:l states who cooperated primarily on trade. Each state however enjoyed a veto; deCIsions had to be unanimous.


Challenges For Economic Policy Coordination Within European Monetary Union

Author by : Andrew J. Hughes Hallett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The launch of European Monetary Union (EMU) marked the beginning of a new era, and its establishment has proved an impressive success at the technical, legal, and procedural level. After all, EMU has accelerated economic and political integration in the European Union and tied the economies of the Member States closer together. However, the performance of the euro, high unemployment rates, uneven output and investment growth, and the issue of structural reforms that have yet to be tackled have raised questions about the performance of EMU in practice. There is a general consensus on the justification for economic policy coordination. The existing literature on economic policy coordination, however, seems far from able to provide robust conclusions about how to organize the necessary interaction of institutions and policies. Therefore, there seems to be a case for re-examining the subject under the new framework set by EMU. The objective of such a reassessment is to enhance the understanding of what type of coordination and what institutional setting for policy coordination can be expected to be most favorable. Challenges for Economic Policy Coordination within European Monetary Union provides an intellectually stimulating contribution to the ongoing debate.


Political Aspects Of The Economic Monetary Union

Author by : Soren Zibrandt von Dosenrode-Lynge
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This title was first published in 2002: Concentrating on the myriad political aspects of European Monetary Union (EMU), this volume places the EMU and the European Union (EU) in a global context. It should be useful for scholars and students of European studies, economics, modern history and international relations. Libraries and embassies should also find it a valuable reference tool.


Fiscal Policies In High Debt Euro Area Countries

Author by : Antonella Cavallo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book explores the role of national fiscal policies in a selected group of Euro-area countries under the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). In particular, the authors characterize the response of output to fiscal consolidations and expansions in the small Euro-area open economies affected by high public and private debt. It is shown that the macroeconomic outcome of fiscal shocks is strongly related to debt levels. The Euro-area countries included in the investigation are Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal, over the sample period 1999–2016, i.e., the EMU period. The main econometric tools used in this research are structural vector autoregressive (VAR) models, including panel VAR models. The available literature relating to the subject is also fully reviewed. A further closely investigated topic is the potential spillover effects of German fiscal policies on the selected small Euro-area economies. Moreover, in the perspective of the evolution of the Euro Area towards a full Monetary and Fiscal Union, the authors study the effects of area-wide government spending shocks on aggregate output and other macroeconomic variables during the EMU period. The closing chapter of the book considers evidence on the consequences of austerity policies for European labour markets during recent years.


European Monetary Union

Author by : Michael Carlberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This book explores the new macroeconomics of the European Monetary Union. It carefully discusses the effects of shocks and policy measures on em ployment, prices, and the current account. Take for instance a shock or a policy measure in a specific union country. Then what will be the results in the specific country, in the other union countries, and in the rest of the world? The targets of economic policy are full employment and price stability in each of the union of economic policy are monetary policy by the Euro countries. The instruments pean Central Bank and fiscal policies by national governments. What is the appropriate policy mix? A salient feature of this book is the numerical estimation of shock and policy multipliers. Money wages are fixed, flexible or downward rigid. The monetary union can be small or large. I had many helpful talks with Gerd Focke, Daphni-Marina Papadopoulou, Franco Reither, Wolf Schafer, Christine Schafer-Lochte, and Michael Schmid. In addition, Michael Brauninger and Michael Cyrus carefully discussed with me all parts of the manuscript. Last but not least, Doris Ehrich did the secretarial work as excellently as ever. I wish to thank all of them. Executive Summary 1) Small monetary union of two identical countries, say Gennany and France. The monetary union is a small open economy with perfect capital mobili ty. Let us begin with fiscal policy.


Effects Of The European Economic And Monetary Union Emu On Taxation And Interest Spending Of National Governments

Author by : Mr.Francesco P. Mongelli
Languange : en
Publisher by : International Monetary Fund
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Description : This paper examines the interest spending and taxation channels through which EMU could affect the public finances. It provides a framework for examining different views on a further narrowing of interest rate differentials. A model of Blanchard and Fischer is amended to analyze the two channels, and empirical evidence on the tax harmonization process is presented. The paper argues that “high-debt” and “high-tax” countries pursuing prudent fiscal policies could benefit the most from EMU: if monetary and widespread fiscal discipline are jointly established, interest rates could decline rapidly, while tax harmonization is likely to be gradual.


Monetary And Fiscal Policies In Emu

Author by : Marco Buti
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Europe's Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is unlike any other case of monetary unification in history. Here, sovereign countries retain a large degree of fiscal autonomy while monetary policy is centralised and entrusted to an independent central bank - the European Central Bank - with a clear mandate to preserve price stability. By bringing together leading scholars and policy makers this comprehensive book examines and reviews the challenges that are facing economic policies in the EMU today. Blending theoretical and policy analyses, the chapters explore and examine the co-ordination of macroeconomic policies to EMU's fiscal policy rules in view of EU enlargement; the interplay between supply side reforms and stabilisation policy; the empirics of monetary and fiscal behaviour; policy making under uncertainty and the international dimension of policy spillovers. This fascinating book contributes to a deeper understanding of policy interactions in EMU, opening up new avenues for economic research and policy analysis.


Re Examining Monetary And Fiscal Policy For The 21st Century

Author by : Philip Arestis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Pub
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Description : Review: "This book provides a much-needed re-examination of monetary and fiscal policy, their application in the real world and their potential for macroeconomic policy in the 21st century. It provides a detailed discussion and critique of the 'new consensus' in macroeconomics along with the monetary and fiscal policies encapsulated within." "Written by two of the leading scholars in the field, it will interest all those concerned with the current problems and future development of monetary and fiscal policy."


Euro Adoption By Accession Countries Macroeconomic Aspects Of The Economic And Monetary Union

Author by : Andreas Penzkofer
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Description : Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, grade: 1,0, Wayne State University (Department of Economics), course: Macroeconomics, 26 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: On 1st May 2004 ten new member states joined the European Union (EU), e.g. Estonia, Poland and Slovenia. The countries won’t adopt the euro as their new currency immediately, because they first have to show that their economies have converged with the economy of the euro zone. Presently, the efforts and opinions of the new members differ about the adoption of the single currency. For instance, the Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Jansa told the press in February 2006 that there “is nothing on the path ahead” that could endanger the euro adoption in 2007. The government pursues a tight fiscal policy to meet all entry requirements. Recently, it introduced a dual pricing – that means all prices of goods and services are marked in tolars as well as euros – to raise consumer awareness in the preparation for the euro adoption.1 Contrarily, other countries are skeptical. The leader of the Polish conservative party Jaroslaw Kaczynski said during a campaign that he “doesn’t see any benefits in adopting the euro. Euro adoption would lead to lower exports, lower national income and higher unemployment.” The Estonian Sirje Karu said in an interview, that “Estonians are scared. We heard that when Finland adopted the euro, it took them quite a while to get used to it and prices increased. The poorest suffered.” Using this situation as a background, it is interesting to analyze the euro adoption by accession states. How does the adoption process work? When should the euro be introduced and what macroeconomic effects does it have?


Economic And Monetary Union In Europe

Author by : Peter B. Kenen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : 1.The origins of EMU -- 2.The design of EMU -- 3.Monetary policy in Stage Three -- 4.Fiscal policy and EMU -- 5.EMU and the outside world -- 6.The transition to EMU -- 7.Reconsidering the transition -- 8.Getting on with EMU.


The European Monetary System And European Monetary Union

Author by : Michele Fratianni
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : When the European Monetary System (EMS) was created in 1978, economists on both sides of the Atlantic predicted its early failure. Today, EMS is alive and well, continuing to defy conventional economic wisdom. The authors address three major questions about the European Monetary System (EMS): how it came into being, how it works and how it may evolve into a fully-fledged monetary union.


The Eu And Economic And Monetary Union

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Economic and monetary union represents a major step in the integration of EU economies. Launched in 1992, the union involves the coordination of economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy, and a common currency, the euro. Whilst all 28 EU Member States take part in the economic union, some countries have taken integration further and adopted the euro. Together, these countries make up the euro area. The single currency presents undeniable advantages: it lowers the costs of financial transactions, makes travel easier and strengthens the role of the EU at international level.


The Economics Of Monetary Integration

Author by : Paul de Grauwe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 56
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Description : "This expositive textbook on monetary integration looks at the costs and benefits of monetary union in Europe. The author examines such topical issues as whether there is a good economic case for countries to have separate currencies, and whether a nation increases its welfare when it abolishes its national currency and adopts the currency of a wider area. This leads naturally to questions concerning the size of an optimal monetary area - should this include the EC, the whole of Europe, or the whole world?" "The first part of the book focuses on complete monetary unions in which a common currency is substituted for national currencies. The second part looks at incomplete monetary unions and analyzes the operation of monetary systems in which national monetary authorities maintain their national currencies but agree to fix their exchange rates. This leads to an analysis of the European Monetary System and also examines the issues relating to the transition to a full monetary system." "The book combines comprehensive exposition with discussion of recent historical events and theory and will prove invaluable to students."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved


The Political Economy Of Monetary Union

Author by : Francesco Giordano
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book places the whole issue of monetary union in its wider political economic context. The authors discuss: * the effect of EMU on fiscal and monetary policies * Central bank independence * the impact of EMU on unemployment * ERM II * international perspectives. Drawing on their experience in the European financial markets, the authors use a non-technical approach to discuss these issues - both in a general european sense and more specifically, Germany, the UK and Italy.


Monetary And Fiscal Strategies In The World Economy

Author by : Michael Carlberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This book studies the strategic interactions between monetary and fiscal policies in the world economy. The world economy consists of two regions, say Europe and America. The policy makers are the central banks and the governments. The policy targets are low inflation, low unemployment, and low structural deficits. There are demand shocks, supply shocks, and mixed shocks. There are regional shocks and common shocks. This book develops a series of basic, intermediate, and more advanced models. Here the focus is on the Nash equilibrium. The key questions are: Given a shock, can policy interactions reduce the existing loss? And to what extent can they do so? Another topical issue is policy cooperation. To illustrate all of this there are a lot of numerical examples. The present book is part of a larger research project on European Monetary Union, see the references given at the back of the book. Some parts of this project were presented at the World Congress of the International Economic Association, at the International Conference on Macroeconomic Analysis, at the International Institute of Public Finance, and at the International Atlantic Economic Conference. Other parts were presented at the Macro Study Group of the German Economic Association, at the Annual Meeting of the Austrian Economic Association, at the Göttingen Workshop on International Economics, at the Halle Workshop on Monetary Economics, at the Research Seminar on Macroeconomics in Freiburg, at the Research Seminar on Economics in Kassel, and at the Passau Workshop on International Economics.


The European Monetary Union

Author by : Nicola Acocella
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : The European Union is at a crossroads. This book analyzes the historical roots of the EU's monetary and financial institutions in order to better understand its struggle to maintain an economic and monetary union, as well as the ongoing problems facing the Euro. The institutions of the EU are based on the operation of free markets, a common monetary policy, and the European Central Bank. These founding policies have created many of the imbalances at the root of the ongoing European recession. Reemerging threats of populism and localism are poised to further disintegrate the European construction and may spark fierce opposition between countries. Acocella engages with these risks, suggesting detailed actions for reform within the EU and its institutions that may steer it away from further conflict, allowing it to better serve its member states and citizens.