For Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : Janet Lee Scott
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hong Kong University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
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Description : Offerings of various kinds – food, incense, paper money and figures – have been central to Chinese culture for millennia, and as a public, visual display of spiritual belief, they are still evident today in China and in Chinatowns around the world. Using Hong Kong as a case study, Janet Scott looks at paper offerings from every conceivable angle – how they are made, sold, and used. Her comprehensive investigation touches on virtually every aspect of Chinese popular religion as it explores the many forms of these intricate objects, their manufacture, their significance, and their importance in rituals to honor gods, care for ancestors, and contend with ghosts. Throughout For Gods, Ghosts and Ancestors, paper offerings are presented as a vibrant and living tradition expressing worshippers' respect and gratitude for the gods, as well as love and concern for departed family members. Ranging from fake paper money to paper furniture, servant dolls, cigarettes, and toiletries – all multihued and artfully constructed – paper offerings are intended to provide for the needs of those in the spirit world. Readers are introduced to the variety of paper offerings and their uses in worship, in assisting worshippers with personal difficulties, and in rituals directed to gods, ghosts, and ancestors. We learn of the manufacture and sale of paper goods, life in paper shops, the training of those who make paper offerings, and the symbolic and artistic dimensions of the objects. Finally, the book considers the survival of this traditional craft, the importance of flexibility and innovation, and the role of compassion and filial piety in the use of paper offerings.


Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : David K. Jordan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : Center for Thanatology & Education
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 637
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : David K. Jordan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 139
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Tai Wan Xiang Xia Xin Yang

Author by : David K. Jordan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 54
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File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : Arthur P. Wolf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 351
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Studies In Chinese Society

Author by : Arthur P. Wolf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 208
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Gods Ghosts And Men In Melanesia

Author by : Peter Lawrence
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 429
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : Roberta Halporn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Center for Thanatology Research &
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 903
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Gods Ghosts And Ancestors

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 216
File Size : 47,8 Mb
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Gods Ghosts Ancestors

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 871
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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The Shark God

Author by : Charles Montgomery
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harper Collins
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 662
File Size : 54,5 Mb
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Description : When Charles Montgomery was ten years old, he stumbled upon the memoirs of his great-grandfather, a seafaring missionary in the South Pacific. Poring over the faint text and faded pictures, he was entranced by the world of black magic and savagery the bishop described, and couldn't help but wonder what drove the Victorian to risk his life among people who had shot, drowned, or clubbed to death so many of his predecessors. Twenty years later and a century after that journey, Montgomery sets out for the reefs and atolls of Melanesia in search of the very spirits and myths the missionaries had sought to destroy. He retraces his ancestor's path through the far-flung islands, exploring the bond between faith and magic, the eerie persistence of the spirit world, and the heavy footprints of Empire. What he discovers is a world of sorcery and shark worship, where the lines between Christian and pagan rituals are as blurred as the frontiers of fact, fantasy, and faith. After confrontations with a bizarre cast of cult leaders, militants, and mystics, the author, in his quest for ancient magic, is led to an island in crisis -- and to a new myth with the power to destroy or to save its people forever. Alternately terrifying, moving, and hilarious, with overtones of Melville and Conrad, The Shark God is Montgomery's extraordinary and piercingly intelligent account of both Melanesia's transformation and his own. This defiantly original blend of history and memoir, anthropology and travel writing, marks the debut of a singular new talent.


Tibetan Buddhism Among Han Chinese

Author by : Joshua Esler
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 304
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : This study examines the changing role of Tibetan Buddhism among Han Chinese in contemporary China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. It analyzes how Tibetan Buddhism is both adapting to contemporary Chinese society and reorienting the lives of Han practitioners.--David Palmer, University of Hong Kong


Of Gods Gifts And Ghosts

Author by : Terence Heng
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 853
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : How do individuals inscribe their spiritual identities and diasporic ethnicities in the city? Through a series of sociological and photographic essays, Terence Heng maps the various rituals, collectives, individuals and events that characterise Chinese religion practices in Singapore. From spirit mediums to the Hungry Ghost Festival, each chapter engages with the social, the spatial and the ephemeral, and in so doing it will explore the significance and relevance of Chinese religion in a secular nation-state; reveal the strategies and tactics used by diasporic individuals to perform and retain their identities; uncover the importance of flow and fluidity in the making of sacred space; and evidence the value and efficacy of the use of photographs in social research. Of Gods, Gifts and Ghosts is a ground-breaking exploration into the intersections between visual sociology, cultural geography and creative photographic practice. A visual monograph that gives equal importance to image and text, it interrogates the tensions between sacred and profane, official and unofficial, state and individual, physical and spiritual, peeling away the myriad layers of the spiritual imagination.


The Marvelous Clouds

Author by : John Durham Peters
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 209
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : When we speak of clouds these days, it is as likely that we mean data clouds or network clouds as cumulus or stratus. In their sharing of the term, both kinds of clouds reveal an essential truth: that the natural world and the technological world are not so distinct. In The Marvelous Clouds, John Durham Peters argues that though we often think of media as environments, the reverse is just as true—environments are media. Peters defines media expansively as elements that compose the human world. Drawing from ideas implicit in media philosophy, Peters argues that media are more than carriers of messages: they are the very infrastructures combining nature and culture that allow human life to thrive. Through an encyclopedic array of examples from the oceans to the skies, The Marvelous Clouds reveals the long prehistory of so-called new media. Digital media, Peters argues, are an extension of early practices tied to the establishment of civilization such as mastering fire, building calendars, reading the stars, creating language, and establishing religions. New media do not take us into uncharted waters, but rather confront us with the deepest and oldest questions of society and ecology: how to manage the relations people have with themselves, others, and the natural world. A wide-ranging meditation on the many means we have employed to cope with the struggles of existence—from navigation to farming, meteorology to Google—The Marvelous Clouds shows how media lie at the very heart of our interactions with the world around us. Peters’s book will not only change how we think about media but provide a new appreciation for the day-to-day foundations of life on earth that we so often take for granted.


Gods Ghosts And Men In Melanesia

Author by : Peter Lawrence
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 627
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : "(There have been ) great advances in the ethnography of eastern Melanesia and New Guinea. So far the emphasis has been on the traditional economic, social and political systems, although there has also been some concern for problems of social and political change. The field most neglected in publication has been traditional religion. The primary aim of these essays is to fill this gap : ....." [from back cover]


Beyond The Threshold

Author by : Christopher M. Moreman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 110
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : In every culture throughout history, people have asked the same fundamental question about what will happen to them when they die. From the underworld to the light at the end of the tunnel, beliefs and experiences of death abound. And even though we cannot know for sure what happens to us after death, our understanding of the afterlife can have a profound impact on how we live. Beyond the Threshold is the first book to seriously examine the afterlife through the lens of both world religions and metaphysical experiences. Christopher M. Moreman includes an introduction to the afterlife beliefs of ancient cultures, which are essential to understanding the roots of many modern ideas about death. He examines the folklore and doctrines of major world religions, including Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. He also discusses psychic phenomena across traditions, such as mediums, near-death and out-of-body experiences, and past-life memories. While ultimately the afterlife remains unknowable, Moreman's unique, in-depth exploration of both beliefs and experiences can help readers reach their own understanding of the afterlife and how to live. No other book in the field approaches the issue of the afterlife from so many angles, but Moreman weaves them skillfully together into an accessible and engaging book.


War Women And Children In Ancient Rome Routledge Revivals

Author by : John K. Evans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 960
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Description : J.K. Evans’ pioneering work explores the profound changes in the social, economic and legal condition of Roman women, which, it is argued, were necessary consequences of two centuries of near-continuous warfare as Rome expanded from city-state to empire. Bridging the gap that has isolated the specialised studies of Roman women and children from the more traditional political and social concerns of historians, J.K. Evans’ investigation ranges from Cicero’s wife Terentia to the anonymous spouse of the peasant-soldier Ligustinus, charting the severe erosion of the very institutions that kept women and children in thrall. War, Women and Children in Ancient Rome will be of interest not only to classicists and historians of antiquity but also to sociologists and anthropologists, while it will similarly prove an indispensable reference work for historians of women and the family.


Ancestors

Author by : William H. Newell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
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Macau

Author by : Jonathan Porter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 281
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : This book examines Macau as an enduring but ever-changing threshold between two worlds, the West and China. Founded by the Portuguese in 1557, Macaus geographical uniqueness has made it particularly fascinating, yet the history of Macaus cultural and social history also speaks to larger issues of cross-cultural exchange in world history. The author looks at a series of images of Macaus history and reflects on the character and meaning of the multiple cultural and social influences that met and mingled in Macau. }For many people who have encountered it, Macau makes a deep impression on the imagination, as if the city were not entirely real, or rather, not of the real world. Macau often seems dreamlike, as though it were sustained by the effort of some powerful imagination.In this evocative essay on the cultural and social history of a unique and fragile city, Jonathan Porter examines Macau as an enduring but ever-changing threshold between East and West. Founded by the Portuguese in 1557, Macau emerged as a vibrant commercial and cultural hub in the early seventeenth century. The city then gradually evolved, flourishing first as a Eurasian community in the eighteenth century and then as an increasingly Chinese city in the nineteenth century. Macau became a modern manufacturing center in the late twentieth century and is now destined for reversion to the Peoples Republic of China in 1999.The city was the meeting ground for many cultures, but central to this fascinating story is the encounter between an expansive, seaborne Portugese empire and the introspective, closed world of imperial China. Unlike the other great colonial port cities of Asia, Macau did not provide natural access to the hinterland, and this geographical and historical isolation (there is still no airline or railroad that can take you to Macau) has fostered a unique balance of cultural influences that survives to this day. Poised on the periphery of two worlds, an isolated but global crossroads, Macaus unique cultural and social melange illuminates crucial issues of cross-cultural exchange in world history.Establishing Portugal and China as distinct cultural archetypes, Porter then examines the subsequent encounters of East and West in Macau from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries. Avoiding the traditional linear chronological approach, Porter instead looks at a series of images from the citys history and culture, including its place in the geographical context of the South China coast; the architecture of Macau, which reflects the memories of its historical passages; the variety of people who crossed the threshold of Macau; the material culture of everyday life; and the spiritual topography resulting from the encounters of popular religious movements in Macau.Jonathan Porter concludes his literary journey by reflecting on the character and meaning of the many cultural and social influences that have met and mingled in Macau. His words and photographs eloquently capture the essence of a place that seems too ephemeral to be real, too captivating to be anything but an imaginary city. }


Religious Dimensions Of Child And Family Life

Author by : University of Victoria (B.C.). Centre for Studies in Religion and Society
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 450
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : Eight of the world's most practised religions are discussed: Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Bahai religion, Chinese popular practice, Hinduism, and North American Native spiritual belief. The purpose is to see where the religions positively support the UNCRC and where they criticize or disagree with the ideas of the Convention. Each religion has very clear notions as to the functioning of the child in the context of the family.


A Time Of Lost Gods

Author by : Emily Ng
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 387
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : Traversing visible and invisible realms, A Time of Lost Gods attends to profound rereadings of politics, religion, and madness in the cosmic accounts of spirit mediumship. Drawing on research across a temple, a psychiatric unit, and the home altars of spirit mediums in a rural county of China’s Central Plain, it asks: What ghostly forms emerge after the death of Mao and the so-called end of history? The story of religion in China since the market reforms of the late 1970s is often told through its destruction under Mao and relative flourishing thereafter. Here, those who engage in mediumship offer a different history of the present. They approach Mao’s reign not simply as an earthly secular rule, but an exceptional interval of divine sovereignty, after which the cosmos collapsed into chaos. Caught between a fading era and an ever-receding horizon, those “left behind” by labor outmigration refigure the evacuated hometown as an ethical-spiritual center to come, amidst a proliferation of madness-inducing spirits. Following pronouncements of China’s rise, and in the wake of what Chinese intellectuals termed semicolonialism, the stories here tell of spirit mediums, patients, and psychiatrists caught in a shared dilemma, in a time when gods have lost their way.


Hawaiian Legends Of Ghosts And Ghost Gods

Author by : William D. Westervelt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Tuttle Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 370
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : “…Of special value to all who are concerned with the study of comparative folklore… an entertaining dip into Hawaiian mythology…For all who enjoy or who study folklore, the republication of these books will be welcomed.” —South China Morning Post Hawaiian Legends of Ghost and Ghost-Gods is a series of richly entertaining Hawaiian folk tales. The legends of the Hawaiian Islands are as diverse as those of any there region in the world. At the same time, although Hawaiian mythology follows the laws upon which all myths are constructed; these legends are entirely distinct in form and thought from those of European origin. Often, of course, there historical foundation that has been dealt with fancifully and enlarged to miraculous proportions. In addition to creating an abundance of attractive nature myths and cycle of legends recounting the exploits of the wonder-working demigod a magically entertaining series of tales about ghost and ghost-gods, and it was from this group of legends that W.D. Westervelt collected and translated the ones that make up the present volume.


The Phantom Heroine

Author by : Judith T. Zeitlin
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Hawaii Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 847
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : Zeitlin's study centers on the seventeenth century, one of the most interesting and creative periods of Chinese literature and politically one of the most traumatic, witnessing the overthrow of the Ming, the Manchu conquest, and the subsequent founding of the Qing. Drawing on fiction, drama, poetry, medical cases, and visual culture, the author departs from more traditional literary studies, which tend to focus on a single genre or author. Ranging widely across disciplines, she integrates detailed analyses of great literary works with insights drawn from the history of medicine, art history, comparative literature, anthropology, religion, and performance studies. The Phantom Heroine probes the complex literary and cultural roots of the Chinese ghost tradition. Zeitlin is the first to address its most remarkable feature: the phenomenon of verse attributed to phantom writers - that is, authors actually reputed to be spirits of the deceased. This book should appeal to readers interested in Chinese studies, gender studies, comparative literature, performance studies, the history of religion, and of course, ghost stories and the occult


Legends Of Gods And Ghosts Hawaiian Mythology

Author by : William Drake Westervelt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Litres
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
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File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : "Legends of Gods and Ghosts (Hawaiian Mythology)" by W. D. Westervelt. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.


Religions Culture And Healthcare

Author by : Susan Hollins
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 687
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : Health professionals provide care to patients of differing religions and cultures, and knowledge of their cultural and religious background, way of life and beliefs and practices is vital to delivering sensitive and responsive care. This revised and updated guide provides practical and comprehensive information on each of the major faiths, providing an accessible reference for appropriate day to day care of patients in multicultural societies. Healthcare professionals, including doctors, nurses, midwives, healthcare assistants, physiotherapists, psychologists, hospital chaplains and administrative staff will find it an indispensable ready reference.


Ancestor Worship And Korean Society

Author by : Roger Janelli
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
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Description : The study of ancestor worship has an eminent pedigree in two disciplines: social anthropology and folklore (Goody 1962: 14-25; Newell 1976; Fortes 1976; Takeda 1976). Despite obvious differences in geographical specialization and intellectual orientation, researchers in both fields have shared a common approach to this subject: both have tried to relate the ancestor cult of a given society to its family and kin-group organization. Such a method is to be expected of social anthropologists, given the nature of their discipline; but even the Japanese folklorist Yanagita Kunio, whose approach to folk culture stems from historical and nationalist concerns, began his work on ancestors with a discussion of Japan's descent system and family structure (Yanagita 1946). Indeed, connections between ancestor cults and social relations are obvious. As we pursue this line of analysis, we shall see that rural Koreans themselves are quite sophisticated about such matters. Many studies of ancestor cults employ a combination of social and psychological approaches to explain the personality traits attributed to the dead by their living kin. Particular attention has long been given to explaining the hostile or punitive character of the deceased in many societies (Freud 1950; Opler 1936; Gough 1958; Fortes 1965). Only recently, however, has the popularity of such beliefs been recognized in China, Korea, and Japan (Ahern 1973; A. Wolf 1974b; Kendall 1977; 1979; Yoshida 1967; Kerner 1976; Lebra 1976). The earliest and most influential studies of ancestor cults in East Asia, produced by native scholars (Hozumi 1913; Yanagita 1946; Hsu 1948), overemphasize the benign and protective qualities of ancestors. Some regional variations notwithstanding, this earlier bias appears to reflect a general East Asian reluctance to acknowledge instances of ancestral affliction. Such reticence is not found in all societies with ancestor cults, however; nor, in Korea, China, and Japan, is it equally prevalent among men and women. Therefore, we seek not only to identify the social experiences that give rise to beliefs in ancestral hostility, but to explain the concomitant reluctance to acknowledge these beliefs and its varying intensity throughout East Asia. In view of the limited amount of ethnographic data available from Korea, we have not attempted a comprehensive assessment of the ancestor cult in Korean society; instead we have kept our focus on a single kin group. We have drawn on data from other communities, however, in order to separate what is apparently true of Korea in general from what may be peculiar to communities like Twisongdwi, a village of about three hundred persons that was the site of our fieldwork. In this task, we benefited substantially from three excellent studies of Korean ancestor worship and lineage organization (Lee Kwang-Kyu 1977a; Choi Jai-seuk 1966a; Kim Taik-Kyoo 1964) and from two recent accounts of Korean folk religion and ideology (Dix 1977; Kendall 1979). Yet we are still a long way from a comprehensive understanding of how Korean beliefs and practices have changed over time, correlate with different levels of class status, or are affected by regional variations in Korean culture and social organization. Because we want to provide a monograph accessible to a rather diverse readership, we avoid using Korean words and disciplinary terminology whenever possible. Where a Korean term is particularly important, we give it in parentheses immediately after its English translation. Korean-alphabet orthographies for these words appear in the Character List, with Chinese-character equivalents for terms of Chinese derivation. As for disciplinary terminology, we have adopted only the anthropological term "lineage," which is of central importance to our study. We use "lineage" to denote an organized group of persons linked through exclusively male ties (agnatically) to an ancestor who lived at least four generations ago


The Role Of The Poet In Early Societies

Author by : Bloomfield, Morton Wilfred Bloomfield
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell & Brewer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 831
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Description : Bloomfield and Dunn describe the varying roles which "poets" have historically filled within society, whether ancient, medieval, or pre-modern and identify the key functions of the poet figure. He (or sometimes she) supports the ruler and is in turn rewarded for a central service to the tribe; he exercises his authority by an apparently magical understanding of the past, present, and future; and, whenever called upon to perform an official rite, he knows how to wield the appropriate traditional, esoteric utterances. In order to illustrate the ways in which this kind of poetic function can be seen to have been exercised in early Irish literature, pre-modern Scottish Gaelic, early Welsh, early Norse and Old English the authors draw on a wide-range of texts. The study concludes with an examination of the implications of their findings for twentieth century readers exploring the utterances of poets remote from them in time or space.


The Life Of Paper

Author by : Sharon Luk
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 272
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Description : The Life of Paper offers a wholly original and inspiring analysis of how people facing systematic social dismantling have engaged letter correspondence to remake themselves—from bodily integrity to subjectivity and collective and spiritual being. Exploring the evolution of racism and confinement in California history, this ambitious investigation disrupts common understandings of the early detention of Chinese migrants (1880s–1920s), the internment of Japanese Americans (1930s–1940s), and the mass incarceration of African Americans (1960s–present) in its meditation on modern development and imprisonment as a way of life. Situating letters within global capitalist movements, racial logics, and overlapping modes of social control, Sharon Luk demonstrates how correspondence becomes a poetic act of reinvention and a way to live for those who are incarcerated.