Foraminiferal Micropaleontology for Understanding Earth s History

Foraminiferal Micropaleontology for Understanding Earth   s History
Author: Pratul Kumar Saraswati
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2021-06-12
ISBN: 0128242302
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foraminiferal Micropaleontology for Understanding Earth s History Book Excerpt:

Foraminiferal Micropaleontology for Understanding Earth’s History incorporates new findings on taxonomy, classification and biostratigraphy of foraminifera. Foraminifera offer the best geochemical proxies for paleoclimate and paleoenvironment interpretation. The study of foraminifera was promoted by oil exploration due to its exceptional use in subsurface stratigraphy. A rapid technological development in the past 20 years in the field of imaging microfossils and in geochemical microanalysis have added novel information about foraminifera. Foraminiferal Micropaleontology for Understanding Earth’s History builds an understanding of biology, morphology and classification of foraminifera for its varied applications. In the past two decades, a phenomenal growth has occurred in geochemical proxies in shells of foraminifera, and as a result, crucial information about past climate of the earth is achieved. Foraminifera is the most extensively used marine microfossils in deep-time reconstruction of the earth history. Its key applications are in paleoenvironment and paleoclimate interpretation, paleoceanography, and biostratigraphy to continuously improve the Geologic Time Scale. Provides an overview of the Earth history as witnessed and evidenced by foraminifera Discusses a variety of geochemical proxies used in reconstruction of environment, climate and paleobiology of foraminifera Presents a new insight into the morphology and classification of foraminifera by modern tools of x-ray microscopy, quantitative methods, and molecular research

Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology

Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology
Author: A.J. Bowden,F.J. Gregory,A.S. Henderson
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2013-12-19
ISBN: 9781862393714
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology Book Excerpt:

TMS Special Publication 6. This TMS Special Publication comprises a collection of 23 papers with an international authorship reflecting on landmarks in the history and development of Foraminiferal micropalaeontology. The volume is prefaced by an introductory overview that provides a brief and selected historical setting, as well as the intended aims of the book. Selected developments in Foraminiferal studies from a global perspective are presented from the time of Alcide d'Orbigny and the founding of the Paris MNHN collections in the mid-nineteenth century to the use of foraminifera in industry, other museum collections, palaeoceanography and environmental studies, regional studies from the Southern Hemisphere and the rise and fall of significant research schools. The book concludes with a chapter on the modelling of foraminifera. Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development will be of particular interest to micropalaeontologists, other Earth scientists, historians of science, museum curators and the general reader with an interest in science.

The Cretaceous Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History

The Cretaceous Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History
Author: Graham Ryder,David E. Fastovsky,Stefan Gartner
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 569
Release: 1996-01-01
ISBN: 9780813723075
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cretaceous Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History Book Excerpt:

"This volume atempts to explore and clarify the relationship among the geological records, the extinctions, and the causes of catastrophes for life in Earth's history. Most of the papers address the geological record and the extinctions across the Cretaceou-Teriary boundary, and the buried Chicxulub structure that is now consensually deemed to be of impact origin and to be intimately related to that boundary." (GSA website).

Earth and Life

Earth and Life
Author: John A. Talent
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1100
Release: 2012-06-28
ISBN: 9048134285
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth and Life Book Excerpt:

This volume focuses on the broad pattern of increasing biodiversity through time, and recurrent events of minor and major ecosphere reorganization. Intense scrutiny is devoted to the pattern of physical (including isotopic), sedimentary and biotic circumstances through the time intervals during which life crises occurred. These events affected terrestrial, lacustrine and estuarine ecosystems, locally and globally, but have affected continental shelf ecosystems and even deep ocean ecosystems. The pattern of these events is the backdrop against which modelling the pattern of future environmental change needs to be evaluated.

The Sea Volume 3 the Earth Beneath the Sea History

The Sea  Volume 3  the Earth Beneath the Sea History
Author: M. N. Hill
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 982
Release: 1963-01-02
ISBN: 9780674017306
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sea Volume 3 the Earth Beneath the Sea History Book Excerpt:

Warm Climates in Earth History

Warm Climates in Earth History
Author: Brian T. Huber,Kenneth G. Macleod,Scott L. Wing
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780521641425
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Warm Climates in Earth History Book Excerpt:

Leading experts in paleoclimatology assess intervals of global warmth in earth history.

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera
Author: Marcelle K. BouDagher-Fadel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-10-17
ISBN: 9780080931753
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera Book Excerpt:

The over-all aim of the book is to collect and add to the information published already on the larger benthic foraminifera and in cases their associated algae. Many decades of research in the Far East, to some extent in the Middle East and Americas has lead to numerous articles with confused systematics. Therefore, with the aid of new and precise age dates, from calcareous nannofossils and Sr isotopes, the current schemes of the larger foraminifera in a relatively precise chronostratigraphic and sequence stratigraphic framework are revised. This is achieved by: 1) establishing the systematic and occurrences of larger foraminifera from carbonate rocks in successions covering the Carboniferous to Miocene, with careful taxonomic comparison with the known records in the different bioprovinces; 2) illustration fossils of different families and groups at generic levels. 3) illustrations of important species and comparing distributions of different taxa. The inventory of larger benthic foraminifera focuses on the main important groups and the illustration of their genera. Reviews of the global state of the art of each group are complemented with the new data, and the direct palaeobiogeographic relevance of the new data is analyzed. * A unique, comprehensive reference work on the larger foraminifera. * A documentation of the biostratigraphic ranges and palaeoecological significance of larger foraminifera which is essential for understanding many major oil-bearing sedimentary basins. *The palaeogeographic interpretations of the shallow marine late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic world.

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera Second Edition

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera  Second Edition
Author: Marcelle K. Boudaugher-Fadel
Publsiher: UCL Press
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2018-04-30
ISBN: 1911576941
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Evolution and Geological Significance of Larger Benthic Foraminifera is a unique, comprehensive reference work on the larger benthic foraminifera. This second edition is substantially revised, including extensive re-analysis of the most recent work on Cenozoic forms. It provides documentation of the biostratigraphic ranges and palaeoecological significance of the larger foraminifera, which is essential for understanding many major oil-bearing sedimentary basins. In addition, it offers a palaeogeographic interpretation of the shallow marine late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic world. Marcelle K. BouDagher-Fadel collects and significantly adds to the information already published on the larger benthic foraminifera. New research in the Far East, the Middle East, South Africa, Tibet and Americas has provided fresh insights into the evolution and palaeographic significance of these vital reef-forming forms. With the aid of new and precise biostratigraphic dating, she presents revised phylogenies and ranges of the larger foraminifera. The book is illustrated throughout, with examples of different families and groups at the generic levels. Key species are discussed and their biostratigraphic ranges are depicted in comparative charts, which can be found at http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/10047587/2/Charts.pdf.

Modern Planktonic Foraminifera

Modern Planktonic Foraminifera
Author: Christoph Hemleben,Michael Spindler,O. Roger Anderson
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461235448
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Planktonic Foraminifera Book Excerpt:

In a single volume, the authors bring together a review of current biological understanding of planktonic foraminifera and apply it to developments in sedimentology. With the growing interest in the shells of this class of protozoa as indicators of the history of the earth, revealed through the sedimentary record, a comprehensive analysis of the biology of contemporary foraminifera has become necessary. Main topics covered include Taxonomy, Collecting and Culture Methods, Cellular Ultrastructure, Host and Symbiont Relationships, Trophic Activity and Nutrition, Reproduction, Shell Ontogeny and Architecture, Ecology and Sedimentation and Settlement of Shells.

The Miocene Ocean

The Miocene Ocean
Author: James P. Kennett
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 337
Release: 1985
ISBN: 0813711630
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Miocene Ocean Book Excerpt:

Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences
Author: Imran Ahmad Dar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2012-02-03
ISBN: 9533078618
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth Sciences Book Excerpt:

The studies of Earth's history and of the physical and chemical properties of the substances that make up our planet, are of great significance to our understanding both of its past and its future. The geological and other environmental processes on Earth and the composition of the planet are of vital importance in locating and harnessing its resources. This book is primarily written for research scholars, geologists, civil engineers, mining engineers, and environmentalists. Hopefully the text will be used by students, and it will continue to be of value to them throughout their subsequent professional and research careers. This does not mean to infer that the book was written solely or mainly with the student in mind. Indeed from the point of view of the researcher in Earth and Environmental Science it could be argued that this text contains more detail than he will require in his initial studies or research.

Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions

Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions
Author: Christian Koeberl,Kenneth G. MacLeod
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 746
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780813723563
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catastrophic Events and Mass Extinctions Book Excerpt:

Biotic Recovery from Mass Extinction Events

Biotic Recovery from Mass Extinction Events
Author: M. B. Hart
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 392
Release: 1996
ISBN: 9781897799451
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotic Recovery from Mass Extinction Events Book Excerpt:

Containing papers by leading authorities on several of the major extinction events of the geological record, this volume brings together new data on a wide range of floral and fuanal groups. Several of the papers describe the recovery and recolonization processes following the extinction events while others discuss the problems of survivor taxa, disaster taxa and progenitor species. The examples chosen come from geological successions in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. The text is aimed at palaeontologists, palaeobiologists, sedimentary geologists and all those involved in the debate over the cause and nature of extinction events.

The Late Eocene Earth

The Late Eocene Earth
Author: Christian Koeberl,Alessandro Montanari
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2009
ISBN: 081372452X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Late Eocene Earth Book Excerpt:

The Late Eocene and the Eocene-Oligocene (E-O) transition mark the most profound oceanographic and climatic changes of the past 50 million years of Earth history, with cooling beginning in the middle Eocene and culminating in the major earliest Oligocene Oi-1 isotopic event. The Late Eocene is characterized by an accelerated global cooling, with a sharp temperature drop near the E-O boundary, and significant stepwise floral and faunal turnovers. These global climate changes are commonly attributed to the expansion of the Antarctic ice cap following its gradual isolation from other continental masses. However, multiple extraterrestrial bolide impacts, possibly related to a comet shower that lasted more than 2 million years, may have played an important role in deteriorating the global climate at that time. This book provides an up-to-date review of what happened on Earth at the end of the Eocene Epoch.

Reconstructing Earth s Climate History

Reconstructing Earth s Climate History
Author: Kristen St. John,R. Mark Leckie,Kate Pound,Megan Jones,Lawrence Krissek
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2021-06-25
ISBN: 1119544122
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reconstructing Earth s Climate History Book Excerpt:

Reconstructing Earth’s Climate History There has never been a more critical time for students to understand the record of Earth’s climate history, as well as the relevance of that history to understanding Earth’s present and likely future climate. There also has never been a more critical time for students, as well as the public-at-large, to understand how we know, as much as what we know, in science. This book addresses these needs by placing you, the student, at the center of learning. In this book, you will actively use inquiry-based explorations of authentic scientific data to develop skills that are essential in all disciplines: making observations, developing and testing hypotheses, reaching conclusions based on the available data, recognizing and acknowledging uncertainty in scientific data and scientific conclusions, and communicating your results to others. The context for understanding global climate change today lies in the records of Earth’s past, as preserved in archives such as sediments and sedimentary rocks on land and on the seafloor, as well as glacial ice, corals, speleothems, and tree rings. These archives have been studied for decades by geoscientists and paleoclimatologists. Much like detectives, these researchers work to reconstruct what happened in the past, as well as when and how it happened, based on the often-incomplete and indirect records of those events preserved in these archives. This book uses guided-inquiry to build your knowledge of foundational concepts needed to interpret such archives. Foundational concepts include: interpreting the environmental meaning of sediment composition, determining ages of geologic materials and events (supported by a new section on radiometric dating), and understanding the role of CO2 in Earth’s climate system, among others. Next, this book provides the opportunity for you to apply your foundational knowledge to a collection of paleoclimate case studies. The case studies consider: long-term climate trends, climate cycles, major and/or abrupt episodes of global climate change, and polar paleoclimates. New sections on sea level change in the past and future, climate change and life, and climate change and civilization expand the book’s examination of the causes and effects of Earth’s climate history. In using this book, we hope you gain new knowledge, new skills, and greater confidence in making sense of the causes and consequences of climate change. Our goal is that science becomes more accessible to you. Enjoy the challenge and the reward of working with scientific data and results! Reconstructing Earth’s Climate History, Second Edition, is an essential purchase for geoscience students at a variety of levels studying paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, oceanography, historical geology, global change, Quaternary science and Earth-system science.

Earth Sciences History

Earth Sciences History
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Earth sciences
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth Sciences History Book Excerpt:

Planktic Foraminifers in the Modern Ocean

Planktic Foraminifers in the Modern Ocean
Author: Ralf Schiebel,Christoph Hemleben
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2017-02-17
ISBN: 3662502976
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planktic Foraminifers in the Modern Ocean Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the taxonomy, biology, sedimentation, and carbonate geochemistry of modern species. Students, early career and advanced scientists alike will profit from a broad synthesis of the current understanding of planktic foraminifers as an ecological indicator, biogeochemical factories, and proxies in paleoceanography. The classification of modern species is amply illustrated with electron and light microscope images of morphotypes, addresses the state-of-the-art of molecular genetics of species, and provides a detailed guide for any laboratory analyses. The biology of planktic foraminifers is extensively discussed in chapters dedicated to the cellular ultrastructure, nutrition, symbionts, reproduction, ontogeny, and test architecture. Building on the biological prerequisites, the distribution of planktic foraminifers is discussed at regional to global scale. The geochemistry and sedimentation of tests are considered in relation to the ecology of the living animal. In the final chapter, which examines the most common methods in planktic foraminifer research, hands-on information is provided on sampling, processing and analyzing samples in the laboratory, as well as selected established methods for data interpretation. The various topics discussed in this book are aimed at the application of planktic foraminifers as sensitive indicators of the changing climate and marine environment.

The Stratigraphic Record of Gubbio

The Stratigraphic Record of Gubbio
Author: Marco Menichetti,Rodolfo Coccioni,Alessandro Montanari
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2016-07-13
ISBN: 0813725240
Category: Geology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Stratigraphic Record of Gubbio Book Excerpt:

Since the beginning of the last century, the lower Jurassic to mid-Miocene pelagic succession exposed along the valleys of the Umbria and Marche Apennines of Italy represented a fertile playground for generations of earth scientists. This GSA Special Paper provides a reappraisal of the geological and integrated stratigraphic research, which was carried out by scores of earth scientists in the gorges around the medieval city of Gubbio over the past fifty years. Following review chapters about pioneering sedimentologic, biostratigraphic, and magnetostratigraphic studies of the Gubbio sections, a series of papers presents new, original data addressing different stratigraphical, paleoenvironmental, and structural geological aspects of particular Cretaceous to Paleogene intervals, including the still much-debated K-Pg Boundary Event in the worldwide famous site of the Bottaccione Gorge, where the Alvarez theory of global mass extinction caused by a catastrophic extraterrestrial impact was born in 1980.

Deglacial History and Relative Sea level Changes Northern New England and Adjacent Canada

Deglacial History and Relative Sea level Changes  Northern New England and Adjacent Canada
Author: Thomas K. Weddle,Michael J. Retelle
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780813723518
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deglacial History and Relative Sea level Changes Northern New England and Adjacent Canada Book Excerpt:

The 13 papers in this collection examine the coastal regions, the Gulf of Maine, and the continental shelf off of Atlantic Canada in context with new radiocarbon age analyses, providing a detailed history of climate changes, marine transgression, emergence, and relative sea- level history. Specific topics include deglaciation of the Gulf of Maine, Late Quaternary morphogenesis of a marine-limit delta plain in southwest Maine, morainal banks and the deglaciation of coastal Maine, and glacial dynamics, deglaciation, and marine invasion in southern Quebec. Material originated at a March 1998 symposium held in Maine at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Section of the Geological Society of America. Weddle is affiliated with the Maine Geological Survey. Retelle teaches geology at Bates College. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR.

The South China Sea

The South China Sea
Author: Pinxian Wang,Qianyu Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2009-05-27
ISBN: 140209745X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The South China Sea Book Excerpt:

Pinxian Wang and Qianyu Li The South China Sea (SCS) (Fig. 1. 1) offers a special attraction for Earth scientists world-wide because of its location and its well-preserved hemipelagic sediments. As the largest one of the marginal seas separating Asia from the Paci?c, the largest continent from the largest ocean, the SCS functions as a focal point in land-sea int- actions of the Earth system. Climatically, the SCS is located between the Western Paci?c Warm Pool, the centre of global heating at the sea level, and the Tibetan Plateau, the centre of heating at an altitude of 5,000m. Geomorphologically, the SCS lies to the east of the highest peak on earth, Zhumulangma or Everest in the Himalayas (8,848m elevation) and to the west of the deepest trench in the ocean, Philippine Trench (10,497m water depth) (Wang P. 2004). Biogeographically, the SCS belongs to the so-called “East Indies Triangle” where modern marine and terrestrial biodiversity reaches a global maximum (Briggs 1999). Among the major marginal sea basins from the west Paci?c, the SCS presents some of the best conditions for accumulating complete paleoclimatic records in its hemipelagic deposits. These records are favorable for high-resolution pa- oceanographic studies because of high sedimentation rates and good carbonate preservation. It may not be merely a coincidence that two cores from the southern 14 SCS were among the ?rst several cores in the world ocean used by AMS C dating for high-resolution stratigraphy (Andree et al. 1986; Broecker et al. 1988).