Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles

Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles
Author: Peter Gill,Øyvind Bleka,Oskar Hansson,Corina Benschop,Hinda Haned
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2020-06-10
ISBN: 0128205687
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles Book Excerpt:

Over the past twenty years, there’s been a gradual shift in the way forensic scientists approach the evaluation of DNA profiling evidence that is taken to court. Many laboratories are now adopting ‘probabilistic genotyping’ to interpret complex DNA mixtures. However, current practice is very diverse, where a whole range of technologies are used to interpret DNA profiles and the software approaches advocated are commonly used throughout the world. Forensic Practitioner’s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles places the main concepts of DNA profiling into context and fills a niche that is unoccupied in current literature. The book begins with an introduction to basic forensic genetics, covering a brief historical description of the development and harmonization of STR markers and national DNA databases. The laws of statistics are described, along with the likelihood ratio based on Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and alternative models considering sub-structuring and relatedness. The historical development of low template mixture analysis, theory and practice, is also described, so the reader has a full understanding of rationale and progression. Evaluation of evidence and statement writing is described in detail, along with common pitfalls and their avoidance. The authors have been at the forefront of the revolution, having made substantial contributions to theory and practice over the past two decades. All methods described are open-source and freely available, supported by sets of test-data and links to web-sites with further information. This book is written primarily for the biologist with little or no statistical training. However, sufficient information will also be provided for the experienced statistician. Consequently, the book appeals to a diverse audience Covers short tandem repeat (STR) analysis, including database searching and massive parallel sequencing (both STRs and SNPs) Encourages dissemination and understanding of probabilistic genotyping by including practical examples of varying complexity Written by authors intimately involved with software development, training at international workshops and reporting cases worldwide using the methods described in this book

Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation

Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation
Author: Barry A. J. Fisher,David R. Fisher
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2022-05-20
ISBN: 1498758169
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation Book Excerpt:

"Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation is a staple for any forensic science library and is routinely referenced by professional organizations as a study guide for certifications. It is professionally written and provides updated theoretical and practical applications using real casework. This text is a must-have for any CSI Unit or course teaching Crime Scene Investigation." – Kevin Parmelee, PhD, Detective (ret.), Somerset County, NJ Prosecutor’s Office Since the first English-language edition of Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation was published in 1964, the book has continued to be a seminal work in the field of forensic science, serving as a foundational textbook and reference title for professionals. This Ninth Edition includes several new chapters and has been fully updated and organized to present the effective use of science and technology in support of justice. New coverage to this edition addresses the debunking of a few forensic science disciplines, long thought to have been based on sound science. The book provides students, crime scene investigators, forensic scientists, and attorneys the proper ways to examine crime scenes and collect a wide variety of physical evidence that may be encountered. While it is not possible to cover every imaginable situation, this book is a comprehensive guide that details and promotes best practices and recommendations. In today’s challenging environment, it is essential that law enforcement personnel thoroughly understand and meticulously comply with the forensic evidence procedures that apply to their function in the investigation process. Criminal investigations remain as complex as ever and require professionals from many disciplines to work cooperatively toward the fair and impartial delivery of justice. Practitioners and students alike need to be aware of the increased scrutiny that they will face in the judicial system. Judges are taking a more involved role than ever before as far as the evidence and testimony that they allow into their courtrooms. No longer will substandard forensic science or crime scene investigation be acceptable. Key features: Newly reorganized contents—including 4 brand new chapters—reflects a more logical flow of crime scene processes and procedures Provides an overview of the crime scene investigation process and procedures, from the first officer on the scene through the adjudication of the case Includes several new cases, photos, and updates in technological advances in both digital evidence and DNA in particular Science and technology applied to CSI solves crimes and saves lives. Investigators, prosecutors, and defense attorneys must be able to use forensic tools and resources to their fullest potential and Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation serves as an invaluable resource to further this cause.

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence
Author: Jane Moira Taupin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2019-11-14
ISBN: 1351023764
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence Book Excerpt:

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence is a handy guide to recent advances—and emerging issues—in interpreting complex DNA evidence and profiles for use in criminal investigations. In certain cases, DNA cannot be connected to a specific biological material such as blood, semen or saliva. How or when the DNA was deposited may be an issue. However, the possibility of generating DNA profiles from touched objects, where there may not be a visible deposit, has expanded the scope and number of exhibits submitted for DNA analysis. With such advances, and increasing improvements in technological capabilities in testing samples, this means it is possible to detect ever smaller amounts of DNA. There are also many efforts underway to seek was to interpret DNA profiles that are sub-optimal—either relative to the amount required by the testing kit and, potentially, the quality of the obtained sample. Laboratories often use enhancements in order to obtain a readable DNA profile. The broad-reaching implications of improving DNA sensitivity have led to this next, emerging generation of more complex profiles. Examples partial profiles that do not faithfully reflect the proposed donor, or mixtures of partial DNA from multiple people. A complexity threshold has been proposed to limit interpretation of poor-quality data. Research is now addressing the interpretation of transfer of trace amounts of DNA. Complex issues are arising in trial that need to be reconciled as such complexity has added challenges to the interpretation of evidence and its introduction or dismissal in certain cases in the courts. Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence provides tools to assist the criminal investigator, forensic expert, and legal professional when posed with a DNA result in a forensic report or testimony. The result—and any associated statistic—may not reveal any ambiguity, complexity, or the assumptions involved in deriving it. Questions from resolved criminal cases are posed, and the relevant forensic literature, are provided for the reader to assess a DNA result and any associated statistic. Case studies included throughout illustrate concepts and emphasize the need for conclusions in the forensic report that are data-driven and supported by the data.

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing Interpretation

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing  Interpretation
Author: John M. Butler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2014-07-28
ISBN: 012405854X
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing Interpretation Book Excerpt:

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing: Interpretation builds upon the previous two editions of John Butler’s internationally acclaimed Forensic DNA Typing textbook with forensic DNA analysts as its primary audience. Intended as a third-edition companion to the Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing volume published in 2010 and Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing: Methodology published in 2012, this book contains 16 chapters with 4 appendices providing up-to-date coverage of essential topics in this important field. Over 80 % of the content of this book is new compared to previous editions. Provides forensic DNA analysts coverage of the crucial topic of DNA mixture interpretation and statistical analysis of DNA evidence Worked mixture examples illustrate the impact of different statistical approaches for reporting results Includes allele frequencies for 24 commonly used autosomal STR loci, the revised Quality Assurance Standards which went into effect September 2011

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony
Author: Paul Roberts,Michael Stockdale
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2018-11-30
ISBN: 1788111036
Category: LAW
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony Book Excerpt:

Forensic science evidence plays a pivotal role in modern criminal proceedings. Yet such evidence poses intense practical and theoretical challenges. It can be unreliable or misleading and has been associated with miscarriages of justice. In this original and insightful book, a global team of prominent scholars and practitioners explore the contemporary challenges of forensic science evidence and expert witness testimony from a variety of theoretical, practical and jurisdictional perspectives. Chapters encompass the institutional organisation of forensic science, its procedural regulation, evaluation and reform, and brim with comparative insight.

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial
Author: Jane Moira Taupin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2016-04-21
ISBN: 1482255820
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial Book Excerpt:

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial: A Case Study Approach covers the most common DNA analysis methods used in criminal trials today, including STR techniques, mitochondrial DNA, and Y-STRs. It presents some novel techniques—including familial testing and analyzing domestic animal hair—that have been recently introduced in unique cases, each of which is outlined in detail. It also illustrates special issues related to forensic DNA evidence by using court proceedings such as trials and appeals, commissions of inquiry, and government and laboratory reviews. With forensic DNA analysis becoming increasingly important at trial, the lively and sometimes bizarre cases presented in this book have been carefully chosen to highlight specific concepts, methods, and interpretations used in DNA analysis. Sections throughout examine the nature of expertise with a special focus on the role of subjectivity in the interpretation of forensic DNA evidence, emphasizing cognitive bias and extraneous context. Using both convictions and exonerations as examples, the book also discusses the strengths and limitations of DNA evidence and testing. The book is written in an accessible manner for the non-scientific reader, such that criminal lawyers, judges, and forensic experts will all understand the nature of analysis and application of DNA evidence in a variety of court cases. Extensive references—including notable trial proceedings, cross references of cases, and specific forensic statistics—round out the book and help to provide a complete understanding of forensic DNA analysis and its current usage in the courtroom.

Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals

Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals
Author: Jane Moira Taupin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2017-07-27
ISBN: 143989910X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals Book Excerpt:

The use of DNA profiling in forensic cases has been considered the most innovative technique in forensic science since fingerprinting, yet for those with limited scientific knowledge, understanding DNA enough to utilize it properly can be a daunting task. Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals is designed for nonsc

The Dialogue Between Forensic Scientists Statisticians and Lawyers about Complex Scientific Issues for Court

The Dialogue Between Forensic Scientists  Statisticians and Lawyers about Complex Scientific Issues for Court
Author: Sue Pope,Alex Biedermann
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-10-08
ISBN: 2889660494
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Dialogue Between Forensic Scientists Statisticians and Lawyers about Complex Scientific Issues for Court Book Excerpt:

Statistical DNA Forensics

Statistical DNA Forensics
Author: Wing Kam Fung,Yue-Qing Hu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN: 9780470727034
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical DNA Forensics Book Excerpt:

Statistical methodology plays a key role in ensuring that DNA evidence is collected, interpreted, analyzed and presented correctly. With the recent advances in computer technology, this methodology is more complex than ever before. There are a growing number of books in the area but none are devoted to the computational analysis of evidence. This book presents the methodology of statistical DNA forensics with an emphasis on the use of computational techniques to analyze and interpret forensic evidence.

9 11 The Essential Reference Guide

9 11  The Essential Reference Guide
Author: Stephen E. Atkins
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2021-05-31
ISBN: 1440873038
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

9 11 The Essential Reference Guide Book Excerpt:

This important reference work is essential reading for students attempting to understand the horrific events of September 11, 2001, and the impact the devastating terrorist attack had on the United States. The World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks of September 11, 2001, continue to have a major impact on the United States. The deadliest day in modern U.S. history reverberates in numerous ways, as its influence is felt in such areas as civil liberties, foreign policy, immigration, and presidential powers. This essential guide features illuminating essays written by top scholars that discuss in detail the impact of 9/11 in these critical areas, as well as how it has changed the lives of Muslim Americans in the 21st century. The core of this reference work are the dozens of A–Z entries on all of the key groups, individuals, and events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attacks, including the first responders, the heroes of United Airlines Flight 93, the Osama bin Laden raid, and the 9/11 Commission Report. In addition, the book will offer a carefully curated group of primary source documents essential to understanding the 9/11 attacks. The book concludes with a detailed chronology and an annotated bibliography. Includes several essays on the impact of 9/11 on such key areas as counterterrorism, Islamic extremism, and U.S. politics Provides dozens of reference entries, gripping images, and important primary source documents Offers a detailed chronology that helps to place significant 9/11-related events in context Includes an annotated bibliography listing the most authoritative works about 9/11

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice
Author: Kevin J. Strom,Matthew J. Hickman
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2014-04-04
ISBN: 1483354857
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice Book Excerpt:

Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice, by Kevin J. Strom and Matthew J. Hickman, is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is being used and how it is impacting the justice system. This unique book—written by nationally known scholars in the field—includes five sections that explore the demand for forensic services, the quality of forensic services, the utility of forensic services, post-conviction forensic issues, and the future role of forensic science in the administration of justice. The authors offer policy-relevant directions for both the criminal justice and forensic fields and demonstrate how the role of the crime laboratory in the American justice system is evolving in concert with technological advances as well as changing demands and competing pressures for laboratory resources.

Clinical Trials with Missing Data

Clinical Trials with Missing Data
Author: Michael O'Kelly,Bohdana Ratitch
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-02-14
ISBN: 1118762533
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Trials with Missing Data Book Excerpt:

This book provides practical guidance for statisticians, clinicians, and researchers involved in clinical trials in the biopharmaceutical industry, medical and public health organisations. Academics and students needing an introduction to handling missing data will also find this book invaluable. The authors describe how missing data can affect the outcome and credibility of a clinical trial, show by examples how a clinical team can work to prevent missing data, and present the reader with approaches to address missing data effectively. The book is illustrated throughout with realistic case studies and worked examples, and presents clear and concise guidelines to enable good planning for missing data. The authors show how to handle missing data in a way that is transparent and easy to understand for clinicians, regulators and patients. New developments are presented to improve the choice and implementation of primary and sensitivity analyses for missing data. Many SAS code examples are included – the reader is given a toolbox for implementing analyses under a variety of assumptions.

Handbook of Forensic Medicine

Handbook of Forensic Medicine
Author: Burkhard Madea
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 3306
Release: 2022-08-16
ISBN: 1119648610
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Forensic Medicine Book Excerpt:

HANDBOOK OF FORENSIC MEDICINE The gold standard in forensic medicine references In the Second Edition of Handbook of Forensic Medicine, editor Burkhard Madea brings to the reader, through a global team of expert contributors, a comprehensive and international approach to forensic medicine. In addition to offering new coverage of crime scene investigation, blood stain pattern analysis, terrorist attacks, fire disasters, new psychoactive substances, and molecular pathology, the book provides a thorough review of all aspects of forensic medicine. The chapters represent all aspects of quality control and best practice and include case studies throughout to help illustrate the concepts discussed within and emphasize the links between diverse subdisciplines. Specialists engaged in daily casework will find that aspects of routine analysis are addressed in each chapter. Handbook of Forensic Medicine 2e also covers the latest developments in forensic molecular biology, forensic toxicology, molecular pathology, and immunohistochemistry. It also offers: A thorough introduction to the duties of forensic medicine in modern societies, including discussions of the international guidelines and accreditation in forensic medicine Comprehensive explorations of medical aspects of death, including the nature and definition of death, autopsy, and mass disaster victim identification Practical discussions of traumatology and violent death, including asphyxiation, electrocution and lightning, infanticide, and medical malpractice In-depth examinations of sudden and unexpected death from natural causes, including postmortem biochemistry This is a must-read resource for every specialist in forensic medicine, toxicology, and haemogenetics, as well as anyone expected to prepare a report for court proceedings. It’s also an ideal reference for lawyers and law students.

The Princeton Guide to Evolution

The Princeton Guide to Evolution
Author: David A. Baum,Douglas J. Futuyma,Hopi E. Hoekstra,Richard E. Lenski,Allen J. Moore,Cahterine L. Peichel,Dolph Schluter,Michael C. Whitlock
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2017-03-21
ISBN: 069117587X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Princeton Guide to Evolution Book Excerpt:

The Princeton Guide to Evolution is a comprehensive, concise, and authoritative reference to the major subjects and key concepts in evolutionary biology, from genes to mass extinctions. Edited by a distinguished team of evolutionary biologists, with contributions from leading researchers, the guide contains some 100 clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics in seven major areas: phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society. Complete with more than 100 illustrations (including eight pages in color), glossaries of key terms, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, scientists in related fields, and anyone else with a serious interest in evolution. Explains key topics in some 100 concise and authoritative articles written by a team of leading evolutionary biologists Contains more than 100 illustrations, including eight pages in color Each article includes an outline, glossary, bibliography, and cross-references Covers phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society

Veterinary Forensics

Veterinary Forensics
Author: Melinda Merck
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2012-12-26
ISBN: 0470961627
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Veterinary Forensics Book Excerpt:

Veterinary Forensics, Second Edition is a practical reference on applying veterinary forensic findings in animal cruelty cases. Now providing a greater focus on findings in animals, the second edition continues to offer guidance with more detailed information on crime scene investigation, forensic testing and findings, handling evidence, and testifying in court. Key changes to the new edition include new chapters on abuse in large animals, poultry, and birds; a standalone chapter on entomology; a new section on large scale cruelty investigation; an expanded section on pain and suffering; more pathology information; and more photos, forms, and information throughout. Logs and workbooks from the book are available on a companion website, allowing readers to download, customize, and use these forms in forensics investigations. Veterinary Forensics is an essential resource for veterinarians, pathologists, attorneys, and investigators working on animal abuse cases. Key features Provides detailed, clear direction on managing animal abuse cases, from crime scene investigation and forensic testing to compiling evidence and testifying in court Concentrates more fully on findings in cases of animal abuse and offers more pathology information throughout Offers new chapters on abuse in horses and other large animals, abuse in poultry and pet birds, and testifying and reporting as an expert witness Provides updated and expanded information in each chapter, including current research findings Includes access to a companion website with forms and checklists to download and use in forensics investigations at www.wiley.com/go/vetforensics

Oxford Handbook of Forensic Medicine

Oxford Handbook of Forensic Medicine
Author: Jonathan P. Wyatt,Tim Squires,Guy Norfolk,Jason Payne-James
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2011-03-17
ISBN: 0191653233
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Forensic Medicine Book Excerpt:

Forensic medicine covers an amazing range of different subjects and no single individual can expect to be an expert in all of them. The Oxford Handbook of Forensic Medicine provides comprehensive coverage of all areas within this complex discipline. Written for specialists and non-specialists alike, it will appeal to practising forensic scientists, as well as lawyers, police officers, and forensic science students. It shows how forensic medicine has been used in specific cases enabling the reader to apply their knowledge in real life. A detailed glossary of medical terms helps those without medical training to understand medical reports and practices. This easily-portable guide is essential reading for the busy clinical forensic doctor or nurse, and others working at the interface between medicine and law.

Mapping Applied Linguistics

Mapping Applied Linguistics
Author: Christopher J. Hall,Patrick H. Smith,Rachel Wicaksono
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2017-05-18
ISBN: 1351849670
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mapping Applied Linguistics Book Excerpt:

Mapping Applied Linguistics: A guide for students and practitioners, second edition, provides a newly updated, wide-ranging introduction to the full scope of applied linguistics. This innovative book maps the diverse and constantly expanding range of theories, methods and issues faced by students and practitioners around the world, integrating both sociocultural and cognitive perspectives. Practically oriented and ideally suited to students new to the discipline, Mapping Applied Linguistics provides in-depth coverage of: multilingualism, language variation and Global Englishes literacy, language teaching and bilingual education discourse analysis language policy and planning lexicography and translation language pathology and forensic linguistics The new second edition features contemporary examples of global applied linguistics research and practice, and includes updated further reading and new fieldwork suggestions for each chapter. The companion website at cw.routledge.com/textbooks/hall provides a wealth of additional learning material, including activities, flashcards and links to the latest online resources. Mapping Applied Linguistics is essential reading for students studying applied linguistics, TESOL, general linguistics and language and literacy education at the advanced undergraduate or master’s degree level. It also provides a gateway for practitioners and specialists seeking to better understand the wider scope of their work.

Tools Techniques and Assessment in Biology

Tools  Techniques and Assessment in Biology
Author: John Adds,Erica Larkcom
Publsiher: Nelson Thornes
Total Pages: 148
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780174482734
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tools Techniques and Assessment in Biology Book Excerpt:

Nelson Advanced Science Biology is a complete series of lively, high quality, affordable student books for senior secondary students of Biology and Human Biology.

Advances in Genetic Information

Advances in Genetic Information
Author: R. Steven Brown,Karen Marshall
Publsiher: Council of State Government
Total Pages: 123
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Genetic Information Book Excerpt:

Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Oxford Textbook of Medicine
Author: D. A. Warrell,Timothy M. Cox,John D. Firth
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1602
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9780198570141
Category: Clinical medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Textbook of Medicine Book Excerpt: