From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing 2

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing 2
Author: Jean-Claude André
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2017-11-29
ISBN: 1786301202
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing 2 Book Excerpt:

Additive manufacturing, which was first invented in France and then applied in the United States, is now 33 years old and represents a market of around 5 billion euros per year, with annual growth of between 20 and 30%. Today, additive manufacturing is experiencing a great amount of innovation in its processes, software, engineering and materials used. Its strength as a process has more recently allowed for the exploration of new niches, ranging from applications at nanometer and decameter scales, to others in mechanics and health. As a result, the limitations of the process have also begun to emerge, which include the quality of the tools, their cost of manufacture, the multi-material aspects, functionalities and surface conditions. Volume 2 of this series presents the current techniques, improvements and limits of additive manufacturing, providing an up-to-date review of this process.

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing
Author: Jean-Claude André
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2017-12-27
ISBN: 1119482771
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing Book Excerpt:

With a turnover of some 5-15 billion € / year, the additive manufacturing has industrial niches bearers thanks to processes and materials more and more optimized. While some niches still exist on the application of additive techniques in traditional fields (from jewelery to food for example), several trends emerge, using new concepts: collective production, realization of objects at once (without addition Of material), micro-fluidic, 4D printing exploiting programmable materials and materials, bio-printing, etc. There are both opportunities for new markets, promises not envisaged less than 10 years ago, but difficulties in reaching them.

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing 2

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing 2
Author: Jean-Claude André
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2017-11-01
ISBN: 1119437369
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D 4D Printing 2 Book Excerpt:

Additive manufacturing, which was first invented in France and then applied in the United States, is now 33 years old and represents a market of around 5 billion euros per year, with annual growth of between 20 and 30%. Today, additive manufacturing is experiencing a great amount of innovation in its processes, software, engineering and materials used. Its strength as a process has more recently allowed for the exploration of new niches, ranging from applications at nanometer and decameter scales, to others in mechanics and health. As a result, the limitations of the process have also begun to emerge, which include the quality of the tools, their cost of manufacture, the multi-material aspects, functionalities and surface conditions. Volume 2 of this series presents the current techniques, improvements and limits of additive manufacturing, providing an up-to-date review of this process.

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing volume 2 4D Printing Mechanics Modeling and Advanced Engineering Applications

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing  volume 2  4D Printing Mechanics  Modeling  and Advanced Engineering Applications
Author: Mahdi Bodaghi,Ali Zolfagharian
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2022-06-25
ISBN: 0323954316
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing volume 2 4D Printing Mechanics Modeling and Advanced Engineering Applications Book Excerpt:

4D-Printed Smart Materials and Structures: Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, Volume Two provides a thorough introduction to the fundamentals of the mechanics, manufacturing, modeling and applications of 4D printed smart materials and structures. The book covers basic theories, definitions and fabrication details of 4D printing and various smart materials such as shape memory polymers, stimuli-responsive hydrogels, pneumatic soft actuators, dielectric elastomer soft robots, liquid crystal elastomers, shape memory alloys, and magnetic stimulus structures. In addition, it examines the mechanics of these materials and their various applications, covering topics such as variable stiffness, miniature-sized 4D printing, and more. Finally, the book includes a chapter on machine learning in 4D printing, with applications in mechanical, aerospace, civil and structural engineering, among others. Covers the mechanics, manufacturing processes and applications of 4D-printed smart materials and structures Discusses applications in civil, mechanical, aerospace, polymer and biomedical engineering Presents experimental, numerical and analytical studies in a simple and straightforward manner, providing tools that can be immediately implemented and adapted by readers to fit their work

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing volume 1 4D Printing Principles and Fabrication

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing  volume 1  4D Printing Principles and Fabrication
Author: Mahdi Bodaghi,Ali Zolfagharian
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2022-07-08
ISBN: 0128240830
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing volume 1 4D Printing Principles and Fabrication Book Excerpt:

4D-Printed Smart Materials and Structures: Mechanics, Modeling, and Advanced Engineering Applications provides a thorough introduction to the fundamentals of the mechanics, manufacturing, modeling and applications of 4D printed smart materials and structures. The book starts by covering the basic theories, definitions and fabrication details of 4D printing and various smart materials such as shape memory polymers, stimuli-responsive hydrogels, pneumatic soft actuators, dielectric elastomer soft robots, liquid crystal elastomers, shape memory alloys, and magnetic stimulus structures. The book then examines the mechanics of these materials and their various applications, covering topics such as variable stiffness, miniature-sized 4D printing, and more. The book also includes a chapter on machine learning in 4D printing and provides applications in mechanical, aerospace, civil and structural engineering, among others. Covers the mechanics, manufacturing processes and applications of 4D-printed smart materials and structures Discusses applications in civil, mechanical, aerospace, polymer and biomedical engineering Presents experimental, numerical and analytical studies in a simple and straightforward manner, providing tools that can be immediately implemented and adapted by readers to fit their work

Industry 4 punto 0

Industry 4 punto 0
Author: Laura Bravi,Federica Murmura
Publsiher: FrancoAngeli
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2019-05-16T00:00:00+02:00
ISBN: 8891792748
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industry 4 punto 0 Book Excerpt:

365.1214

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials
Author: Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,Kalim Deshmukh,Mariam Ali S A Al-Maadeed
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2019-10-11
ISBN: 0128173025
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials Book Excerpt:

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials: Processing, Applications, and Challenges covers advanced 3D and 4D printing processes and the latest developments in novel polymer-based printing materials, thus enabling the reader to understand and benefit from the advantages of this groundbreaking technology. The book presents processes, materials selection, and printability issues, along with sections on the preparation of polymer composite materials for 3D and 4D printing. Across the book, advanced printing techniques are covered and discussed thoroughly, including fused deposition modeling (FDM), selective laser sintering (SLS), selective laser melting (SLM), electron beam melting (EBM), inkjet 3D printing (3DP), stereolithography (SLA), and 3D plotting. Finally, major applications areas are discussed, including electronic, aerospace, construction and biomedical applications, with detailed information on the design, fabrication and processing methods required in each case. Provides a thorough, clear understanding of polymer preparation techniques and 3D and 4D printing processes, with a view to specific applications Examines synthesis, formation methodology, the dispersion of fillers, characterization, properties, and performance of polymer nanocomposites Explores the possibilities of 4D printing, covering the usage of stimuli responsive hydrogels and shape memory polymers

Additive Manufacturing of Metals Fundamentals and Testing of 3D and 4D Printing

Additive Manufacturing of Metals  Fundamentals and Testing of 3D and 4D Printing
Author: Hisham Abdel-Aal
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-10-29
ISBN: 1260464350
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing of Metals Fundamentals and Testing of 3D and 4D Printing Book Excerpt:

3D and 4D metallic printing principles, practices, and applications This practical guide clearly explains the tools and methods necessary to bridge the performance gap between conventionally produced and printed parts. Written by a metals expert and experienced educator, Additive Manufacturing of Metals: Fundamentals and Testing of 3- and 4-D Printing starts by explaining the basics, including components, metals, and production processes before progressing to more advanced topics. You will get complete discussions on issues related to the lack of regulation and standardization, mechanical behavior of printed parts, defects, measurements, and quality control. In addition, the book also discusses predictions for the future of the technology. It presents the potential obstacles that may limit its universal adoption across the manufacturing landscape. Coverage includes: Additive manufacturing fundamentals History of additive manufacturing Metal properties and data Feedstock for metal additive manufacturing processes Power considerations in metal additive manufacturing Technical gaps Powder morphology Powder characterization and measurement of properties Defects encountered in the build Mechanical behavior of printed parts Metrology and surface roughness issues in metal printing Future trends

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing Technology

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing Technology
Author: G. K. Awari
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2020
ISBN: 9781003013853
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing Technology Book Excerpt:

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing Technology: Principles and Applications consists of the construction and working details of all modern additive manufacturing and 3D-printing technology processes and machines, while also including the fundamentals, for a well-rounded educational experience. The book is written to help the reader understand the fundamentals of the systems. This book provides a selection of additive manufacturing techniques suitable for near-term application with enough technical background to understand the domain, its applicability, and to consider variations to suit technical and organizational constraints. It highlights new innovative 3D-printing systems, presents a view of 4D printing, and promotes a vision of additive manufacturing and applications toward modern manufacturing engineering practices. With the block diagrams, self-explanatory figures, chapter exercises, and photographs of lab-developed prototypes, along with case studies, this new textbook will be useful to students studying courses in Mechanical, Production, Design, Mechatronics, and Electrical Engineering.

Perspectives of regulatory bodies on intellectual property for 3D printed medical products

Perspectives of regulatory bodies on intellectual property for 3D printed medical products
Author: Philipp Neudert
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 20
Release: 2021-10-14
ISBN: 3346513327
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perspectives of regulatory bodies on intellectual property for 3D printed medical products Book Excerpt:

Academic Paper from the year 2021 in the subject Law - IT law, grade: 1,3, Technical University of Munich (MCTS), language: English, abstract: This paper investigates the perspective of the European Patent Office (EPO) on intellectual property rights, particularly patents, for 3D-printed medical products. As a powerful regulatory body, the EPO is a key stakeholder in the regulation and handling of emerging technologies. As such a technology, 3D-printing may call policymakers to adapt the regulatory framework to deal with the specialities of 3D-printing and to increase legal certainty. Policymakers can profit from its insights for various reasons: What kind of new regulation may be needed largely depends on how executive organs such as EPO (attempt to) handle the respective technology. Also, insights from practitioners may help policymakers to identify issues that have been neglected by existing legislation – such as the implications of emerging technologies like 3D-printing.

Additive Manufacturing Processes in Biomedical Engineering

Additive Manufacturing Processes in Biomedical Engineering
Author: Atul Babbar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2022-07
ISBN: 9781003217961
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Additive Manufacturing Processes in Biomedical Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book covers innovative breakthroughs in additive manufacturing processes used for biomedical engineering. More and more, 3D printing is selected over traditional manufacturing processes, especially for complex designs, because of the many advantages such as fewer restrictions, better production cost savings, higher quality control, and accuracy. Current challenges and opportunities regarding material, design, cost savings, and efficiency are covered along with an outline of the most recent fabrication methods used for converting biomaterials into integrated structures that can fit best in anatomy while still obtaining the necessary architecture, mechanical reliability, biocompatibility, and anti-bacterial characteristics needed. Additional chapters will also focus on selected areas of applications such as bionics, affordable prostheses, implants, medical devices, rapid tooling, and drug delivery. Additive Manufacturing Processes in Biomedical Engineering: Advanced Fabrication Methods and Rapid Tooling Techniques acts as a first-hand reference for commercial manufacturing organizations which are mimicking tissue organs by using additive manufacturing techniques. By capturing the current trends of today's manufacturing practices this book becomes a one-stop resource for manufacturing professionals, engineers in related disciplines, and academic researchers.

Construction Management in Space

Construction Management in Space
Author: Marcel Georges Nagatoishi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Construction Management in Space Book Excerpt:

Multi-planetary life is one of humanity's audacious dreams. One of the key challenges towards this dream is the design and construction of space habitats, for instance, on the Moon or Mars. To achieve these dreams, new partnerships and stakeholders emerge, such as: clients that define the inter-planetary mission, space habitat designers, space general contractors and subcontractors, and launch service providers. Their diverse perspectives broaden the set of interdependent goals, objectives, questions, and decision criteria that need to be addressed in innovative ways in order to make informed joint decisions. How can space construction project partners make informed joint decisions and leverage new construction methods and cutting-edge technologies, such as AI, VR, robotics, 3D printing, and additive manufacturing robots that are developed and transform the AEC terrestrial industry? This research study presents a space construction decision framework (SCDF) experimental prototype developed and tested to address this question. SCDF aims to assist space construction project partners in exploring "WHAT-IF" scenarios and evaluating the solution space towards the optimal cost, schedule, and resource allocation that address the mission client's goals and needs. State-of-the-art research discusses the characteristics and specifications of space habitats, which provided design insights and a valuable starting point for this study. This study is at the intersection of six practical and theoretical points of departure reflecting knowledge and technology and their application: Space Construction Decision Framework (SCDF): General Contractor Workflow; Building Information Modeling (BIM); Generative Scheduling and Construction Schedule Optimization; Construction Robotics; 3D Printing; and virtual reality (VR) and Visualization. A specific focus of the SCDF study is on how to apply virtual design and construction (VDC) to model-simulate-optimize-visualize-validate the space construction project in order to explore the solution space from concept design to construction completion in the virtual environment before any mission is launched. This process is critical to ensuring project performance. To achieve the SCDF research goals, I applied the principles of the Design Thinking and PLAN-DO-STUDY-ACT (PDSA) frameworks implemented in an iterative rapid prototyping approach. This Engineer thesis presents 10 rapid prototyping iteration cycles implemented to develop and test the proposed SCDF prototype that addresses:  PLAN-Mission.  DO-Model habitat, Select Robot, and Process Model for 3D Printing and Schedule Optimization. For the scope of the SCDF rapid prototyping iterations, I used one of the proposed space habitat designs proposed by the team from Pennsylvania State University in response to NASA's 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge.  STUDY-Simulate-Optimize-Visualize-Validate solution space of construction schedule, cost, and resources.  ACT-Decide based on exploring and evaluating the interdependencies between cost-schedule-resource to choose an optimal schedule and maximal resource allocation and utilization that minimize monetary and environmental costs. The contribution of this research is the exploration of the solution space in an extra-terrestrial construction environment. It confirmed that there are insights from terrestrial construction that apply to extra-terrestrial construction and vice versa. The rapid prototyping approach leveraged existing concepts of the space building project, robots, and 3D printing research for the SCDF prototype. This research contributes insights to each of the six practical and theoretical points of departure. The study provides contributions at three levels: 1. The space construction decision framework (SCDF) - Formalized, developed, and tested the SCDF - Developed methodology to estimate cost and schedule of 3D printing projects 2. Extensions to existing platforms - Extended 4D simulation (ALICE, Fuzor VDC VR) to address continuous construction activities - Extended the Robotic Evaluation Framework (REF) to include space construction-related variables. 3. New approaches and methods - Developed an approach to preparing the model to respond to the constraints and specifications of selected robots. - Developed method Perform micro-level simulation as structural simulation - Identified and developed an approach to execute on-site manufacturing of temporary structures.

Records of the Proceedings and Printed Papers of the Parliament

Records of the Proceedings and Printed Papers of the Parliament
Author: Australia. Parliament
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1961
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Records of the Proceedings and Printed Papers of the Parliament Book Excerpt:

Catalogues and Indexes of British Government Publications 1920 1970 Annual catalogues of British government publications 1961 1970

Catalogues and Indexes of British Government Publications  1920 1970  Annual catalogues of British government publications 1961 1970
Author: Great Britain. Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 988
Release: 1974
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Government publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catalogues and Indexes of British Government Publications 1920 1970 Annual catalogues of British government publications 1961 1970 Book Excerpt:

International Organisations and Overseas Agencies Publications

International Organisations and Overseas Agencies Publications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1969
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: International agency publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Organisations and Overseas Agencies Publications Book Excerpt:

International Organisations Publications

International Organisations Publications
Author: Great Britain. Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1955
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: International agencies
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Organisations Publications Book Excerpt:

International Organisations and Overseas Agencies Publications

International Organisations and Overseas Agencies Publications
Author: Great Britain. Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1968
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: International agencies
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Organisations and Overseas Agencies Publications Book Excerpt:

Hospital Literature Index

Hospital Literature Index
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1970
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Health facilities
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hospital Literature Index Book Excerpt:

The British Journal of Photography

The British Journal of Photography
Author: William Crookes,T. A. Malone,George Shadbolt,J. Traill Taylor,William Blanchard Bolton,Thomas Bedding
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1950
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Photography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The British Journal of Photography Book Excerpt:

Artificial Intelligence Abstracts

Artificial Intelligence Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Artificial intelligence
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Abstracts Book Excerpt: