From Aristotle to Cognitive Neuroscience

From Aristotle to Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Grant Gillett
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2018-11-19
ISBN: 3319936352
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Aristotle to Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

From Aristotle to Cognitive Neuroscience identifies the strong philosophical tradition that runs from Aristotle, through phenomenology, to the current analytical philosophy of mind and consciousness. In a fascinating account, the author integrates the history of philosophy of mind and phenomenology with recent discoveries on the neuroscience of conscious states. The reader can trace the development of a neuro-philosophical synthesis through the work of Aristotle, Kant, Wittgenstein, Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Brentano and Hughlings-Jackson, among others, and so explore contemporary philosophical puzzles surrounding consciousness and its relation to cerebral synchrony and connectedness. Of interest to students and scholars of neuroethics, neurophilosophy and philosophy of mind, as well as philosophy of psychiatry, From Aristotle to Neuroscience demonstrates the real essence of consciousness as it increasingly connects with philosophy, law, morality, aesthetics, and spirituality.

History of Cognitive Neuroscience

History of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: M. R. Bennett,P. M. S. Hacker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2012-08-15
ISBN: 1118394291
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

History of Cognitive Neuroscience documents the major neuroscientific experiments and theories over the last century and a half in the domain of cognitive neuroscience, and evaluates the cogency of the conclusions that have been drawn from them. Provides a companion work to the highly acclaimed Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience - combining scientific detail with philosophical insights Views the evolution of brain science through the lens of its principal figures and experiments Addresses philosophical criticism of Bennett and Hacker's previous book Accompanied by more than 100 illustrations

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science
Author: Thomas Hardy Leahey
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2022-07-19
ISBN: 1000614263
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Fundamentals of Cognitive Science draws on research from psychology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, linguistics, evolution, and neuroscience to provide an engaging and student-friendly introduction to this interdisciplinary field. While structured around traditional cognitive psychology topics, from attention, learning theory, and memory to information processing, thinking, and decision making, the book also looks at neural networks, cognitive neuroscience, embodied cognition, and magic to illustrate cognitive science principles. The book is organized around the history of thinking about the mind and its relation to the world. It considers the evolution of cognition and how it demonstrates how our current thinking about cognitive processes is derived from pre-scientific philosophies and common sense, through psychologists’ empirical inquiries into mind and behavior as they pursued a science of cognition and the construction of artificial intelligences. The architectures of cognition are also applied throughout, and the book proposes a synthesis of them, from traditional symbol system architectures to recent work in embodied cognition and Bayesian predictive processing. Practical and policy implications are also considered but solutions are left for the readers to determine. Using extended case studies to address the most important themes, ideas, and findings, this book is suitable for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in psychology and related fields. It is also suitable for general readers interested in an accessible treatment of cognitive science and its practical implications. Please visit www.fundamentalsofcognitivescience.com for further resources to accompany the book.

Aristotle on Emotions in Law and Politics

Aristotle on Emotions in Law and Politics
Author: Liesbeth Huppes-Cluysenaer,Nuno M.M.S. Coelho
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 473
Release: 2018-02-13
ISBN: 3319667033
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aristotle on Emotions in Law and Politics Book Excerpt:

In this book, experts from the fields of law and philosophy explore the works of Aristotle to illuminate the much-debated and fascinating relationship between emotions and justice. Emotions matter in connection with democracy and equity – they are relevant to the judicial enforcement of rights, legal argumentation, and decision-making processes in legislative bodies and courts. The decisive role that emotions, feelings and passions play in these processes cannot be ignored – not even by those who believe that emotions have no legitimate place in the public sphere. A growing body of literature on these topics recognizes the seminal insights contributed by Aristotle. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of his thinking in this context, as well as proposals for inspiring dialogues between his works and those written by a selection of modern and contemporary thinkers. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for students of law, philosophy, rhetoric, politics, ethics and history, but also for readers interested in the ongoing debate about legal positivism and the relevance of emotions for legal and political life in today’s world.

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Antti Revonsuo,Matti Kamppinen
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN: 1134783094
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Consciousness seems to be an enigmatic phenomenon: it is difficult to imagine how our perceptions of the world and our inner thoughts, sensations and feelings could be related to the immensely complicated biological organ we call the brain. This volume presents the thoughts of some of the leading philosophers and cognitive scientists who have recently participated in the discussion of the status of consciousness in science. The focus of inquiry is the question: "Is it possible to incorporate consciousness into science?" Philosophers have suggested different alternatives -- some think that consciousness should be altogether eliminated from science because it is not a real phenomenon, others that consciousness is a real, higher-level physical or neurobiological phenomenon, and still others that consciousness is fundamentally mysterious and beyond the reach of science. At the same time, however, several models or theories of the role of conscious processing in the brain have been developed in the more empirical cognitive sciences. It has been suggested that non-conscious processes must be sharply separated from conscious ones, and that the necessity of this distinction is manifested in the curious behavior of certain brain-damaged patients. This book demonstrates the dialogue between philosophical and empirical points of view. The writers present alternative solutions to the brain-consciousness problem and they discuss how the unification of biological and psychological sciences could thus become feasible. Covering a large ground, this book shows how the philosophical and empirical problems are closely interconnected. From this interdisciplinary exploration emerges the conviction that consciousness can and should be a natural part of our scientific world view.

Historical Foundations of Cognitive Science

Historical Foundations of Cognitive Science
Author: J.C. Smith,John-Christian Smith
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 342
Release: 1990
ISBN: 9780792304517
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Historical Foundations of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

My interest in gathering together a collection of this sort was generated by a fortuitous combination of historical studies under Professor Keith Lehrer and studies in cognitive science under Professor R. Michael Harnish at the University of Arizona. Work on the volume began there while I was an instructor in the Department of Linguistics and was greatly encouraged by participants in the Faculty Seminar on Cognitive Science chaired by Professor Lance J. Rips. I wish to express my appreciation to all of these and to many other individuals with whom I discussed the possibility of contribution to this work. I am especially grateful to the authors of the essays included here, as they showed more patience than I could have hoped for in seeing me through a number of uncertain stages in development of the project. My thanks are also due to my colleague Charles Reid for assistance in reviewing submissions, to Tim McFadden for computer resources, and again, to Keith Lehrer for continuing advice in arrangements for publication. Financial support for manuscript preparation was provided in part under University Research Grant No. 617 from the University Research Council, Youngstown State University.

The Neuroscience of Multimodal Persuasive Messages

The Neuroscience of Multimodal Persuasive Messages
Author: Dirk Remley
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2017-03-16
ISBN: 1351796674
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Multimodal Persuasive Messages Book Excerpt:

In this book, Dirk Remley applies his model of integrating multimodal rhetorical theory and multi-sensory neural processing theory pertaining to cognition and learning to multimodal persuasive messages. Using existing theories from multimodal rhetoric and specific findings from neurobiological studies, the book shows possible applications of the model through case studies related to persuasive messages such as those found in political campaign advertising, legal scenarios and general advertising, including print, videos, and in-person settings. As such, the book furthers the discussion of cognitive neuroscience and multimodal rhetorical theory, and it serves as a vehicle by which readers can better understand the links between multimodal rhetoric and cognitive neuroscience associated with persuasive communication in professional and educational environments.

Religion Explained

Religion Explained
Author: Luther H. Martin,Donald Wiebe
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN: 1350032484
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Religion Explained Book Excerpt:

With contributions from founders of the field, including Justin Barrett, E. Thomas Lawson, Robert N. McCauley, Paschal Boyer, Armin Geertz and Harvey Whitehouse, as well as from younger scholars from successive stages in the field's development, this is an important survey of the first twenty-five years of the cognitive science of religion. Each chapter provides the author's views on the contributions the cognitive science of religion has made to the academic study of religion, as well as any shortcomings in the field and challenges for the future. Religion Explained? The Cognitive Science of Religion after Twenty-five Years calls attention to the field whilst providing an accessible and diverse survey of approaches from key voices, as well as offering suggestions for further research within the field. This book is essential reading for anyone in religious studies, anthropology, and the scientific study of religion.

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders
Author: Georgios P. D. Argyropoulos
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2020-02-27
ISBN: 3030356876
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders Book Excerpt:

This book provides the first presentation of the state-of-the-art in the application of modern Neuroscience research in predicting, preventing and alleviating the negative sequelae of neurodevelopmental, acquired, or neurodegenerative brain abnormalities on speech and language. To this end, this edited volume brings together contributions from several leading experts in a markedly broad range of disciplines, comprising Neurology, Neurosurgery, Genetics, Engineering, Neuroimaging and Neurostimulation, Neuropsychology, and Speech and Language Therapy.

Pioneering Studies In Cognitive Neuroscience

Pioneering Studies In Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Roche, Richard,Commins, Sean
Publsiher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2009-10-01
ISBN: 0335233562
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pioneering Studies In Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

This edited collection presents seven recent studies in contemporary cognitive neuroscience which have come to be viewed as classic experiments. The contributing authors are renowned in their field for producing intelligent and innovative research, and together they cover each of the main sub-disciplines of cognitive neuroscience.

All Is One

All Is One
Author: Ren Koi
Publsiher: John Hunt Publishing
Total Pages: 126
Release: 2022-03-25
ISBN: 1789048699
Category: Self-Help
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

All Is One Book Excerpt:

Despite centuries of analyses and debates between scientists and philosophers, consciousness remains puzzling and controversial. It is the most familiar yet mysterious aspect of our lives. There might be different levels of consciousness, or different kinds of consciousness, or just one kind with different features. Modern research into the human brain is yet to provide conclusive answers, and we don't know if animals, insects or plants are conscious, or even the universe itself. The contrasting range of research suggests that a new approach might be needed -- one that includes both an objective scientific view and a subjective philosophical and spiritual view -- in order to unlock the mystery. All Is One investigates how consciousness fits into a larger picture of the universe by exploring what science, philosophy, religion, and spirituality have to say on the matter, and offers a conclusive definition of consciousness that might satisfy both the scientifically oriented and spiritually oriented reader.

Soul Mind and Brain from Descartes to Cognitive Science

Soul  Mind and Brain from Descartes to Cognitive Science
Author: Paolo Pecere
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 142
Release: 2020-10-15
ISBN: 3030514633
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soul Mind and Brain from Descartes to Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

This interdisciplinary book ties the historical work of Descartes to his successors through current research and critical overviews on the neuroscience of consciousness, the brain, and cognition. This text is the first historical survey to focus on the cohesions and discontinuities between historical and contemporary thinkers working in philosophy, physiology, psychology, and neuroscience. The book introduces and analyzes early discussions of consciousness, such as: metaphysical alternatives to scientific explanations of consciousness and its connection to brain activity; claims about the possibilities and limits of neuroscientific accounts of consciousness and cognition; and the proposition of a “non-reductive naturalism” concerning phenomenal consciousness and rationality. The author assesses the contributions of early philosophers and scientists on brain, consciousness and cognition, among them: Descartes, Malebranche, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Newton, Haller, Kant, Fechner, Helmholtz and du Bois-Reymond. The work of these pioneers is related to that of modern researchers in physiology, psychology, neuroscience and philosophy of mind, including: Freud, Hilary Putnam, Herbert Feigl, Gerald Edelman, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Daniel Dennett and David Chalmers, amongst others. This text appeals to researchers and advanced students in the field.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science
Author: Jay Friedenberg,Gordon Silverman
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 545
Release: 2011-07-14
ISBN: 1412977614
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

In this Second Edition of their landmark text, Authors Jay Friedenberg and Gordon Silverman survey significant theoretical models of the human mind from an interdisciplinary perspective. Unlike other texts for this course which focus solely on classic experiments to illustrate major phenomena, Cognitive Science introduces students to the theoretical models and ideas underlying such empirical work. While experiments are discussed, they are used primarily to illustrate the specific characteristics of a model. This edition includes two new chapters on emotional cognition and social cognition.

Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience

Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Vesa Talvitie
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2018-05-08
ISBN: 0429914032
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

The aim of Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience is to create a conception of the Freudian things around the unconscious that takes seriously both the clinical data gathered in the scope of psychoanalytic clinical practice during the past 110 years, and the empirical and theoretical achievements of cognitive science and evolutionary theory. Tensions between the psychoanalytic and other views give a hint that the task is anything but easy.

EBOOK Pioneering Studies In Cognitive Neuroscience

EBOOK  Pioneering Studies In Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Richard Roche,Sean Commins
Publsiher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2009-10-16
ISBN: 0335240356
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

EBOOK Pioneering Studies In Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

This edited collection presents seven recent studies in contemporary cognitive neuroscience which have come to be viewed as classic experiments. The contributing authors are renowned in their field for producing intelligent and innovative research, and together they cover each of the main sub-disciplines of cognitive neuroscience. As well as the original study, and a description of the methodology and results, each chapter includes a personal commentary by the author of the study in which they share unique insights into the genesis of the idea, the 'how to' of carrying out scientific research and a summary of the most important results. In addition, leading figures discuss the impact of the study, how it advanced research in the area and the influence it has had on their own and others' experimental designs and research activities. By illustrating the scope for creativity that exists in the process of experimental design, the authors encourage you to innovate and design creative approaches to experiments that address major theoretical issues or solve specific problems. This is important reading for students of psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Contributors: Charles W. Anderson, Niels Birbaumer, Seán Commins, James Danckert, Beatrice de Gelder, Paul Dockree, Luciano Fadiga, Gereon Fink, John Foxe, Eleanor Maguire, Shane O'Mara. Alvaro Pascual-Leone, V.S. Ramachandran, Lynn Robertson, Richard A.P. Roche, Giuseppe Vallar, Vincent Walsh

Concepts and the Appeal to Cognitive Science

Concepts and the Appeal to Cognitive Science
Author: Samuel D. Taylor
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2021-03-08
ISBN: 3110708221
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts and the Appeal to Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

This book evaluates whether or not we can decide on the best theory of concepts by appealing to the explanatory results of cognitive science. It undertakes an in-depth analysis of different theories of concepts and of the explanations formulated in cognitive science. As a result, two reasons are provided for thinking that an appeal to cognitive science cannot help to decide on the best theory of concepts.

Historical Roots of Cognitive Science

Historical Roots of Cognitive Science
Author: Theo C. Meyering
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400924232
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Historical Roots of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Cognitive science, in Howard Gardner's words, has a relatively short history but a very long past. While its short history has been the subject of quite a few studies published in recent years, the current book focuses instead on its very long past. It explores the emergence of the conceptual framework that was necessary to make the rise of modem cognitive science possible in the first place. Over the long course of the history of the theory of perception and of cognition, various conceptual breakthroughs can be discerned that have contributed significantly to the conception of the mind as a physical symbol system with intricate representational capacities and unimaginably rich computational resources. In historical retrospect such conceptual transitions-seemingly sudden and unannounced-are typically foreshadowed in the course of enduring research programs that serve as slowly developing theoretical con straint structures gradually narrowing down the apparent solution space for the scientific problems at hand. Ultimately the fundamental problem is either resolved to the satisfaction of the majority of researchers in the area of investigation, or else-and much more commonly-one or more of the major theoretical constraints is abandoned or radically modified, giving way to entirely new theoretical vistas. In the history of the theory of perception this process can be witnessed at vari ous important junctures.

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science
Author: Nicola Shaughnessy
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2013-12-05
ISBN: 1408193159
Category: Performing Arts
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

This book explores new developments in the dialogues between science and theatre and offers an introduction to a fast-expanding area of research and practice. The cognitive revolution in the humanities is creating new insights into the audience experience, performance processes and training. Scientists are collaborating with artists to investigate how our brains and bodies engage with performance to create new understanding of perception, emotion, imagination and empathy. Divided into four parts, each introduced by an expert editorial from leading researchers in the field, this edited volume offers readers an understanding of some of the main areas of collaboration and research: 1. Dances with Science 2. Touching Texts and Embodied Performance 3. The Multimodal Actor 4. Affecting Audiences Throughout its history theatre has provided exciting and accessible stagings of science, while contemporary practitioners are increasingly working with scientific and medical material. As Honour Bayes reported in the Guardian in 2011, the relationships between theatre, science and performance are 'exciting, explosive and unexpected'. Affective Performance and Cognitive Science charts new directions in the relations between disciplines, exploring how science and theatre can impact upon each other with reference to training, drama texts, performance and spectatorship. The book assesses the current state of play in this interdisciplinary field, facilitating cross disciplinary exchange and preparing the way for future studies.

Life Concepts from Aristotle to Darwin

Life Concepts from Aristotle to Darwin
Author: Lucas John Mix
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2018-08-29
ISBN: 3319960474
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life Concepts from Aristotle to Darwin Book Excerpt:

This book traces the history of life-concepts, with a focus on the vegetable souls of Aristotle, investigating how they were interpreted and eventually replaced by evolutionary biology. Philosophers have long struggled with the relationship between physics, physiology, and psychology, asking questions of organization, purpose, and agency. For two millennia, the vegetable soul, nutrition, and reproduction were commonly used to understand basic life and connect it to “higher” animal and vegetable life. Cartesian dualism and mechanism destroyed this bridge and left biology without an organizing principle until Darwin. Modern biology parallels Aristotelian vegetable life-concepts, but remains incompatible with the animal, rational, subjective, and spiritual life-concepts that developed through the centuries. Recent discoveries call for a second look at Aristotle’s ideas – though not their medieval descendants. Life remains an active, chemical process whose cause, identity, and purpose is self-perpetuation.

Cognitive Sciences and Medieval Studies

Cognitive Sciences and Medieval Studies
Author: Juliana Dresvina,Victoria Blud
Publsiher: University of Wales Press
Total Pages: 269
Release: 2020-11-01
ISBN: 1786836750
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Sciences and Medieval Studies Book Excerpt:

With the rapid development of the cognitive sciences and their importance to how we contemplate questions about the mind and society, recent research in the humanities has been characterised by a ‘cognitive turn’. For their part, the humanities play an important role in forming popular ideas of the human mind and in analysing the way cognitive, psychological and emotional phenomena are experienced in time and space. This collection aims to inspire medievalists and other scholars within the humanities to engage with the tools and investigative methodologies deriving from cognitive sciences. Contributors explore topics including medieval and modern philosophy of mind, the psychology of religion, the history of psychological medicine and the re-emergence of the body in cognition. What is the value of mapping how neurons fire when engaging with literature and art? How can we understand psychological stress as a historically specific phenomenon? What can medieval mystics teach us about contemplation and cognition?