Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience

Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Stephen Michael Kosslyn,Richard A. Andersen
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 744
Release: 1995
ISBN: 9780262611107
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience is the first book of extensive readings in anexciting new field that is built on the assumption that "the mind is what the brain does," and thatseeks to understand how brain function gives rise to mental activities such as perception, memory,and language. The editors, a cognitive scientist and a neuroscientist, have worked together toselect contributions that provide the interdisciplinary foundations of this emerging field, puttingthem into context, both historically and with regard to current issues.Fifty-five articles aregrouped in sections that cover attention, vision, auditory and somatosensory systems, memory, andhigher cortical functions. They range from Gazzaniga and Bogen's discussion of functional effects ofsectioning the cerebral commissure in man and Geschwind's classic study of the organization oflanguage in the brain, published in the 1960s, to contemporary investigations by Schiller andLogothetis on color-opponent and broad-band channels of the primate visual system and by Bekkers andStevens on presynaptic mechanisms for long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. The editors haveprovided both a general introduction and introductions to each of the five major sections.StephenKosslyn is Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Richard Andersen is Professor ofNeuroscience and Director of the McDonnell-Pew Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at theMassachusetts Institute of Technology.

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 422
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Cognitive neuroscience
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Research Manual in Child Development

Research Manual in Child Development
Author: Lorraine Nadelman
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2003-10-03
ISBN: 1135640874
Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Manual in Child Development Book Excerpt:

This unique hands-on lab manual in child development provides great ideas and resources for teaching research courses involving child subjects. It includes projects in psychomotor/perceptual, cognitive, and social development. Projects are preceded by background essays on the history of that topic, related research, theoretical issues, and controversies. Each project has hypotheses to test, detailed procedures to follow, all stimuli, individual and group data sheets, empty tables, suggested statistics, discussion questions, and an updated bibliography. Special features of this second edition: *The introductory text portion details research considerations, including an introduction to psychological research, sections on developmental research, children as subjects, and general experimental research procedures. *The popular Infant Observation project has the student visit homes with babies for a semester and provides practice in observational data collection, reliability assessment, and report writing. *The cognitive development section includes two new subfields: Theory of Mind and Language--Children's Interpretation of the Word Big, in addition to classic studies of Piaget's spatial perspective-taking and attention and memory. The final chapter describes a suggested neuropsychological project. *The socialized child section includes a new study on sibling relationships as seen by the older or younger sibling, in addition to the earlier projects on self-esteem, sex identity, and cooperation-competition. The final section describes a suggested cross-cultural interview project.

Current Catalog

Current Catalog
Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 824
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Catalog Book Excerpt:

First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog
Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog Book Excerpt:

Theory Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement

Theory Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement
Author: Lorenza S. Colzato
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 337
Release: 2017-09-05
ISBN: 3319575058
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of cognitive enhancement, the use of different substances and actions (e.g., meditation, video game, smart drugs, food supplements, nutrition, brain stimulation, neurofeedback, physical exercise, music, or cognitive training) to enhance human perception, attention, memory, cognitive control, and action in healthy individuals. Chapters contain research on enhancing procedures and activities that will help to further develop enhancement based on individual needs and interests. Chapters also discuss the underlying mechanism of how these means influence and change behaviors and moods. In addition, the book also provides “real-life” examples in which the several means of cognitive enhancement have been successfully applied. It concludes with a call to develop more specific, mechanistic theories to guide cognitive enhancing programs as well as the editor’s own tailored-approach proposal for enhancing cognition for individuals. Featured topics include: The effect of caffeine on cognitive abilities. Aerobic exercise and its short-term and long-term effects on cognition. The effect, if any, of Ritalin and Modafinil on promoting cognitive enhancement. Temperature variations and its influences on behavior. The effect of food supplements across the lifespan. "Theory-Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement is a must-have resource for psychologists, physicians, sport and exercise scientists, medical scientists, and teachers". “This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of different aspects of cognitive enhancement. The chapters are very focused, well-structured, in-depth, and rounded up by excellent illustrations. I highly recommend the book to readers interested in the matter”. Dr. Julia Karbach, Goethe University “It is overall a highly original book on a timely topic, with a fresh approach and rich in practical and societal implications. The book is written in a very clear way and it is a pleasure to read.” Dr. Anna M. Borghi, Sapienza University of Rome

Naturalizing Phenomenology

Naturalizing Phenomenology
Author: Jean Petitot
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 676
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780804736107
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Naturalizing Phenomenology Book Excerpt:

This ambitious work aims to shed new light on the relations between Husserlian phenomenology and the present-day efforts toward a scientific theory of cognition—with its complex structure of disciplines, levels of explanation, and conflicting hypotheses. The book’s primary goal is not to present a new exegesis of Husserl’s writings, although it does not dismiss the importance of such interpretive and critical work. Rather, the contributors assess the extent to which the kind of phenomenological investigation Husserl initiated favors the construction of a scientific theory of cognition, particularly in contributing to specific contemporary theories either by complementing or by questioning them. What clearly emerges is that Husserlian phenomenology cannot become instrumental in developing cognitive science without undergoing a substantial transformation. Therefore, the central concern of this book is not only the progress of contemporary theories of cognition but also the reorientation of Husserlian phenomenology. Because a single volume could never encompass the numerous facets of this dual aim, the contributors focus on the issue of naturalization. This perspective is far-reaching enough to allow for the coverage of a great variety of topics, ranging from general structures of intentionality, to the nature of the founding epistemological and ontological principles of cognitive science, to analyses of temporality and perception and the mathematical modeling of their phenomenological description. This book, then, is a collective reflection on the possibility of utilizing a naturalized Husserlian phenomenology to contribute to a scientific theory of cognition that fills the explanatory gap between the phenomenological mind and brain.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science
Author: Susan F. Chipman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2017
ISBN: 0199842191
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science emphasizes the research and theory most central to modern cognitive science: computational theories of complex human cognition. Additional facets of cognitive science are discussed in the handbook's introductory chapter.

Neural Computation

Neural Computation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic journals
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Computation Book Excerpt:

Introducing the Oscillations Based Paradigm

Introducing the Oscillations Based Paradigm
Author: Darius Plikynas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2016-06-16
ISBN: 3319390406
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introducing the Oscillations Based Paradigm Book Excerpt:

The book presents a conceptually novel oscillations based paradigm, the Oscillation-Based Multi-Agent System (OSIMAS), aimed at the modelling of agents and their systems as coherent, stylized, neurodynamic processes. This paradigm links emerging research domains via coherent neurodynamic oscillation based representations of the individual human mind and society (as a coherent collective mind) states. Thus, this multidisciplinary paradigm delivers an empirical and simulation research framework that provides a new way of modelling the complex dynamics of individual and collective mind states. This book addresses a conceptual problem – the lack of a multidisciplinary, connecting paradigm, which could link fragmented research in the fields of neuroscience, artificial intelligence (AI), multi-agent system (MAS) and the social network domains. The need for a common multidisciplinary research framework essentially arises because these fields share a common object of investigation and simulation, i.e., individual and collective human behavior. Although the fields of research mentioned above all approach this from different perspectives, their common object of investigation unites them. By putting the various pathways of research as they are interrelated into perspective, this book provides a philosophical underpinning, experimental background and modelling tools that the author anticipates will reveal new frontiers in multidisciplinary research. Fundamental investigation of the implicit oscillatory nature of agents’ mind states and social mediums in general can reveal some new ways of understanding the periodic and nonperiodic fluctuations taking place in real life. For example, via agent states-related diffusion properties, we could investigate complex economic phenomena like the spread of stock market crashes, currency crises, speculative oscillations (bubbles and crashes), social unrest, recessionary effects, sovereign defaults, etc. All these effects are closely associated with social fragility, which follows and is affected by cycles such as production, political, business and financial. Thus, the multidisciplinary OSIMAS paradigm can yield new knowledge and research perspectives, allowing for a better understanding of social agents and their social organization principles.

The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity

The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity
Author: Antonino Pennisi,Alessandra Falzone
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2019-09-25
ISBN: 3030220907
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity Book Excerpt:

This edited volume focuses on the hypothesis that performativity is not a property confined to certain specific human skills, or to certain specific acts of language, nor an accidental enrichment due to creative intelligence. Instead, the executive and motor component of cognitive behavior should be considered an intrinsic part of the physiological functioning of the mind, and as endowed with self-generative power. Performativity, in this theoretical context, can be defined as a constituent component of cognitive processes. The material action allowing us to interact with reality is both the means by which the subject knows the surrounding world and one through which he experiments with the possibilities of his body. This proposal is rooted in models now widely accepted in the philosophy of mind and language; in fact, it focuses on a space of awareness that is not in the individual, or outside it, but is determined by the species-specific ways in which the body acts on the world. This theoretical hypothesis will be pursued through the latest interdisciplinary methodology typical of cognitive science, that coincide with the five sections in which the book is organized: Embodied, enactivist, philosophical approaches; Aesthetics approaches; Naturalistic and evolutionary approaches; Neuroscientific approaches; Linguistics approaches. This book is intended for: linguists, philosophers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, scholars of art and aesthetics, performing artists, researchers in embodied cognition, especially enactivists and students of the extended mind.

Attention and Performance XV

Attention and Performance XV
Author: Carlo Umiltà,Morris Moscovitch
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 978
Release: 1994
ISBN: 9780262210126
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Attention and Performance XV Book Excerpt:

During the past decade, evidence of dissociation between conscious and nonconscious information processing has emerged from the study of normal subjects and brain damaged patients. The thirty-five original contributions in this book cover the latest work on this important topic. During the past decade, evidence of dissociation between conscious and nonconscious information processing has emerged from the study of normal subjects and brain damaged patients. The thirty-five original contributions in this book cover the latest work on this important topic across such traditional areas of research as vision, face recognition, spatial attention, control processes, semantic memory, episodic memory, and learning. Each section is introduced by an overview chapter that presents and evaluates the available empirical evidence in a given area and is followed by several experimental papers. The book opens with the Association Lecture, by George Mandler, "On Remembering without Really Trying: Hypermnesia, Incubation, and Mind Popping."

Cognitive Neuroscience Foundations for School Psychologists

Cognitive Neuroscience Foundations for School Psychologists
Author: Gabrielle Wilcox,Frank P. MacMaster,Erica Makarenko
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2022-11-29
ISBN: 1000784398
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience Foundations for School Psychologists Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Neuroscience Foundations for School Psychologists provides a comprehensive overview of brain-behavior relationships relevant to the support of students at all ability levels. Carefully attuned to the shared language between neuroscience, psychology, and education, this book covers basic neuroanatomy, brain development in student academic performance, and general assessment and pedagogical implications and interventions in the classroom. School psychologists will be prepared to apply judicious neuroscientific findings to the initial stages of instruction through assessment and intervention, clearly linking best practices for classroom instruction, formative and summative assessment, and evidence-based intervention.

Foundations in Social Neuroscience

Foundations in Social Neuroscience
Author: John T. Cacioppo,Gary G. Berntson,Ralph Adolphs,C. Sue Carter,Martha K. McClintock,Michael J. Meaney,Daniel L. Schacter,Esther M. Sternberg,Steve Suomi,Shelley E. Taylor
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 1368
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780262531955
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations in Social Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive survey of the growing field of social neuroscience.

Neurovision Neural bases of binocular vision and coordination and their implications in visual training programs

Neurovision  Neural bases of binocular vision and coordination and their implications in visual training programs
Author: Olivier A. Coubard
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2015-10-12
ISBN: 2889196550
Category: Binocular vision
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurovision Neural bases of binocular vision and coordination and their implications in visual training programs Book Excerpt:

Binocular vision is achieved by five neurovisual systems originating in the retina but varying in their destination within the brain. Two systems have been widely studied: the retino-tectal or retino-collicular route, which subserves an expedient and raw estimate of the visual scene through the magnocellular pathway, and the retino-occipital or retino-cortical route, which allows slower but refined analysis of the visual scene through the parvocellular pathway. But there also exist further neurovisual systems: the retino-hypothalamic, retino-pretectal, and accessory optic systems, which play a crucial role in vision though they are less understood. The retino-pretectal pathway projecting onto the pretectum is critical for the pupillary or photomotor reflex. The retino-hypothalamic pathway projecting onto the suprachiasmatic nucleus regulates numerous behavioral and biological functions as well as circadian rhythms. The accessory optic system targeting terminal lateral, medial and dorsal nuclei through the paraoptic fasciculus plays a role in head and gaze orientation as well as slow movements. Taken together, these neurovisual systems involve 60% of brain activity, thus highlighting the importance of vision in the functioning and regulation of the central nervous system. But vision is first and foremost action, which makes perception impossible without movement. Binocular coordination is a prerequisite for binocular fusion of the object of interest on the two foveas, thus ensuring visual perception. The retino-collicular pathway is sufficient to elicit reflexive eye movements with short latencies. Thanks to its motor neurons, the superior colliculus activates premotor neurons, which themselves activate motor neurons of the oculomotor, trochlear and abducens nuclei. At a higher level, a cascade of neural mechanisms participates in the control of decisional eye movements. The superior colliculus is controlled by the substancia nigra pars reticulata, which is itself gated by subcortical structures such as the dorsal striatum. The superior colliculus is also inhibited by the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex through a direct prefrontotectal tract. Cortical areas are crucial for the triggering of eye movements: the frontal eye field, supplementary eye field, and parietal eye field. Finally the cerebellum maintains accuracy. The focus of the present research topic, entitled Neural bases of binocular vision and coordination and their implications in visual training programs, is to review the most recent findings in brain imaging and neurophysiology of binocular vision and coordination in humans and animals with frontally-placed eyes. The emphasis is put on studies that enable transfer of knowledge toward visual training programs targeting visual field defects (e.g., hemianopia) and binocular functional disorders (e.g., amblyopia).

Illusions of Human Thinking

Illusions of Human Thinking
Author: Gabriel Vacariu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2015-10-19
ISBN: 3658104449
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Illusions of Human Thinking Book Excerpt:

The book illustrates that the traditional philosophical concept of the "Universe”, the "World” has led to anomalies and paradoxes in the realm of knowledge. The author replaces this notion by the EDWs perspective, i.e. a new axiomatic hyperontological framework of Epistemologically Different Worlds” (EDWs). Thus it becomes possible to find a more appropriate approach to different branches of science, such as cognitive neuroscience, physics, biology and the philosophy of mind. The consequences are a better understanding of the mind-body problem, quantum physics non-locality or entanglement, the measurement problem, Einstein’s theory of relativity and the binding problem in cognitive neuroscience.

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics
Author: L. Syd M Johnson,Karen S. Rommelfanger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN: 1317483510
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics Book Excerpt:

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Writer s Guide to Book Editors Publishers and Literary Agents 2001 2002

Writer s Guide to Book Editors  Publishers and Literary Agents 2001 2002
Author: Jeff Herman
Publsiher: Prima Lifestyles
Total Pages: 938
Release: 2000-07
ISBN: 9780761522171
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Writer s Guide to Book Editors Publishers and Literary Agents 2001 2002 Book Excerpt:

A guide to the names and specialities of American and Canadian publishers, editors, and literary agents.

How Can Development and Plasticity Contribute to Understanding Evolution of the Human Brain

How Can Development and Plasticity Contribute to Understanding Evolution of the Human Brain
Author: Roberto Lent,Fernanda Tovar-Moll
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2016-07-19
ISBN: 2889198898
Category: Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Can Development and Plasticity Contribute to Understanding Evolution of the Human Brain Book Excerpt:

Humans usually attribute themselves the prerogative of being the pinnacle of evolution. They have large brains with many billion neurons and glial cells, trillions of synapses and besides all, a plastic hardware that may change either subtly or strongly in response to the external environment and internal, mental commands. With this hypercomplex apparatus, they are capable of very sophisticated inward computations and outward behaviors that include self-recognition, metacognition, different forms of language expression and reception, prediction of future events, planning and performing long streams of motor acts, subtle emotional feelings, and many other surprising, almost unbelievable properties. The main challenge for research is: how do we explain this gigantic achievement of evolution? Is it a direct consequence of having acquired a brain larger than our primate ancestors, with huge numbers of computational units? Would it be determined by a particular way these units came to relate to each other, building up logic circuits of powerful capacities? What along development has “made the difference” for the construction of such a complex brain machine? How much of this complexity is innate, how much is sculpted by influence of the external world, by social interaction with our human fellows, and by the history of our own mental trajectory along life? Many specific questions can be asked (albeit not necessarily answered so far) to this purpose: (1) which genomic characteristics make us unique among primates? (2) which of developmental events during and beyond embryogenesis define our brain – prolonged neurogenesis? permanent circuit (re)formation? dynamic synaptogenesis? regressive sculpting of the hardware? all of them? (3) is there anything special about plasticity of the human brain that allows us to build the exquisite individual variability characteristic of our brains? Neuroscience is in need of a synthesis. Perhaps associating concepts derived from developmental neurobiology with evolutionary morphology and physiology, together with those that photograph the human brain in action under influence of the external world, would turn on a light at the end of the tunnel, and we would be able to understand what humans do have that is special – if anything – to explain our success in the Earth.

Writer s Guide to Book Editors Publishers and Literary Agents 2003 2004

Writer s Guide to Book Editors  Publishers  and Literary Agents  2003 2004
Author: Jeff Herman
Publsiher: Prima Lifestyles
Total Pages: 920
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9780761537359
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Writer s Guide to Book Editors Publishers and Literary Agents 2003 2004 Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive directory for aspiring writers lists names, addresses, phone and fax numbers, e-mail addresses, and Web sites for hundreds of North American publishing figures and companies, along with helpful advice on the writing and publishing process. Original. 10,000 first printing.