Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence

Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Vincent C. Müller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 572
Release: 2016-06-07
ISBN: 3319264850
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This volume offers a look at the fundamental issues of present and future AI, especially from cognitive science, computer science, neuroscience and philosophy. This work examines the conditions for artificial intelligence, how these relate to the conditions for intelligence in humans and other natural agents, as well as ethical and societal problems that artificial intelligence raises or will raise. The key issues this volume investigates include the relation of AI and cognitive science, ethics of AI and robotics, brain emulation and simulation, hybrid systems and cyborgs, intelligence and intelligence testing, interactive systems, multi-agent systems, and super intelligence. Based on the 2nd conference on “Theory and Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence” held in Oxford, the volume includes prominent researchers within the field from around the world.

Nature Inspired Intelligent Techniques for Solving Biomedical Engineering Problems

Nature Inspired Intelligent Techniques for Solving Biomedical Engineering Problems
Author: Kose, Utku,Guraksin, Gur Emre,Deperlioglu, Omer
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2018-03-31
ISBN: 1522547703
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nature Inspired Intelligent Techniques for Solving Biomedical Engineering Problems Book Excerpt:

Technological tools and computational techniques have enhanced the healthcare industry. These advancements have led to significant progress and novel opportunities for biomedical engineering. Nature-Inspired Intelligent Techniques for Solving Biomedical Engineering Problems is a pivotal reference source for emerging scholarly research on trends and techniques in the utilization of nature-inspired approaches in biomedical engineering. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant areas such as artificial intelligence, clinical decision support systems, and swarm intelligence, this publication is an ideal resource for medical practitioners, professionals, students, engineers, and researchers interested in the latest developments in biomedical technologies.

Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence

Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence
Author: K. R. Chowdhary
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2020
ISBN: 8132239725
Category: Applied mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence introduces the foundations of present day AI and provides coverage to recent developments in AI such as Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Adversarial Search and Game Theory, Statistical Learning Theory, Automated Planning, Intelligent Agents, Information Retrieval, Natural Language & Speech Processing, and Machine Vision. The book features a wealth of examples and illustrations, and practical approaches along with the theoretical concepts. It covers all major areas of AI in the domain of recent developments. The book is intended primarily for students who major in computer science at undergraduate and graduate level but will also be of interest as a foundation to researchers in the area of AI.

Issues in Artificial Intelligence Robotics and Machine Learning 2011 Edition

Issues in Artificial Intelligence  Robotics and Machine Learning  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 1134
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN: 1464964718
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Artificial Intelligence Robotics and Machine Learning 2011 Edition Book Excerpt:

Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning. The editors have built Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Cooperative Design Visualization and Engineering

Cooperative Design  Visualization  and Engineering
Author: Yuhua Luo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2016-10-13
ISBN: 3319467719
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperative Design Visualization and Engineering Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th InternationalConference on Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering, CDVE2016, held in Sydney, NSW, Australia, in October 2016. The 42 full papers and 9 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 89 submissions. The papers cover a broad range of topics in the field of cooperative visualization, visual analytics, cooperative engineering, and cooperative design and applications.

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals
Author: August E. Grant,Jennifer H. Meadows
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2020-06-19
ISBN: 1000194922
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals Book Excerpt:

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals, now in its 17th edition, has set the standard as the single best resource for students and professionals looking to brush up on how communication technologies have developed, grown, and converged, as well as what’s in store for the future. The book covers the fundamentals of communication technology in five chapters that explain the communication technology ecosystem, its history, theories, structure, and regulations. Each chapter is written by experts who each provide a snapshot of an individual field. The book also dives into the latest developments in electronic mass media, computers, consumer electronics, networking, and telephony. Together, these updates provide a broad overview of these industries and examine the role communication technologies play in our everyday lives. In addition to substantial updates to each chapter, the 17th edition includes the first-ever chapter on Artificial Intelligence; updated user data in every chapter; an overview of industry structure, including recent and proposed mergers and acquisitions; and sidebars exploring sustainability and relevance of each technology to Gen Z. Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals continues to be the industry-leading resource for both students and professionals seeking to understand how communication technologies have developed and where they are headed.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Melanie Mitchell
Publsiher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN: 0374715238
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Melanie Mitchell separates science fact from science fiction in this sweeping examination of the current state of AI and how it is remaking our world No recent scientific enterprise has proved as alluring, terrifying, and filled with extravagant promise and frustrating setbacks as artificial intelligence. The award-winning author Melanie Mitchell, a leading computer scientist, now reveals AI’s turbulent history and the recent spate of apparent successes, grand hopes, and emerging fears surrounding it. In Artificial Intelligence, Mitchell turns to the most urgent questions concerning AI today: How intelligent—really—are the best AI programs? How do they work? What can they actually do, and when do they fail? How humanlike do we expect them to become, and how soon do we need to worry about them surpassing us? Along the way, she introduces the dominant models of modern AI and machine learning, describing cutting-edge AI programs, their human inventors, and the historical lines of thought underpinning recent achievements. She meets with fellow experts such as Douglas Hofstadter, the cognitive scientist and Pulitzer Prize–winning author of the modern classic Gödel, Escher, Bach, who explains why he is “terrified” about the future of AI. She explores the profound disconnect between the hype and the actual achievements in AI, providing a clear sense of what the field has accomplished and how much further it has to go. Interweaving stories about the science of AI and the people behind it, Artificial Intelligence brims with clear-sighted, captivating, and accessible accounts of the most interesting and provocative modern work in the field, flavored with Mitchell’s humor and personal observations. This frank, lively book is an indispensable guide to understanding today’s AI, its quest for “human-level” intelligence, and its impact on the future for us all.

The Foundations of Artificial Intelligence

The Foundations of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Professor Derek Partridge,Derek Partridge,Yorick Wilks
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 498
Release: 1990-04-26
ISBN: 9780521359443
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This outstanding collection is designed to address the fundamental issues and principles underlying the task of Artificial Intelligence.

New Foundation Of Artificial Intelligence

New Foundation Of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Ming Xie,Zhen-cheng Hu,Hui Chen
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2020-12-22
ISBN: 9811232229
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Foundation Of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book lays a new foundation toward achieving artificial self-intelligence by future machines such as intelligent vehicles. Its chapters provide a broad coverage to the three key modules behind the design and development of intelligent vehicles for the ultimate purpose of actively ensuring driving safety as well as preventing accidents from all possible causes. Self-contained and unified in presentation, the book explains in details the fundamental solutions of vehicle's perception, vehicle's decision-making, and vehicle's action-taking in a pedagogic order.Besides the fundamental knowledge and concepts of intelligent vehicle's perception, decision and action, this book includes a comprehensive set of real-life application scenarios in which intelligent vehicles will play a major role or contribution. These case studies of real-life applications will help motivate students to learn this exciting subject. With concise and simple explanations, and boasting a rich set of graphical illustrations, the book is an invaluable source for both undergraduate and postgraduate courses, on artificial intelligence, intelligent vehicle, and robotics, which are offered in automotive engineering, computer engineering, electronic engineering, and mechanical engineering. In addition, the book will help strengthen the knowledge and skills of young researchers who want to venture into the research and development of artificial self-intelligence for intelligent vehicles of the future.

Machine Law Ethics and Morality in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Machine Law  Ethics  and Morality in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Thompson, Steven John
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2021-03-18
ISBN: 1799848957
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Machine Law Ethics and Morality in the Age of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Machines and computers are becoming increasingly sophisticated and self-sustaining. As we integrate such technologies into our daily lives, questions concerning moral integrity and best practices arise. A changing world requires renegotiating our current set of standards. Without best practices to guide interaction and use with these complex machines, interaction with them will turn disastrous. Machine Law, Ethics, and Morality in the Age of Artificial Intelligence is a collection of innovative research that presents holistic and transdisciplinary approaches to the field of machine ethics and morality and offers up-to-date and state-of-the-art perspectives on the advancement of definitions, terms, policies, philosophies, and relevant determinants related to human-machine ethics. The book encompasses theory and practice sections for each topical component of important areas of human-machine ethics both in existence today and prospective for the future. While highlighting a broad range of topics including facial recognition, health and medicine, and privacy and security, this book is ideally designed for ethicists, philosophers, scientists, lawyers, politicians, government lawmakers, researchers, academicians, and students. It is of special interest to decision- and policy-makers concerned with the identification and adoption of human-machine ethics initiatives, leading to needed policy adoption and reform for human-machine entities, their technologies, and their societal and legal obligations.

Risks of Artificial Intelligence

Risks of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Vincent C. Müller
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2016-01-05
ISBN: 1498734839
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risks of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

If the intelligence of artificial systems were to surpass that of humans, humanity would face significant risks. The time has come to consider these issues, and this consideration must include progress in artificial intelligence (AI) as much as insights from AI theory. Featuring contributions from leading experts and thinkers in artificial intelligence, Risks of Artificial Intelligence is the first volume of collected chapters dedicated to examining the risks of AI. The book evaluates predictions of the future of AI, proposes ways to ensure that AI systems will be beneficial to humans, and then critically evaluates such proposals. The book covers the latest research on the risks and future impacts of AI. It starts with an introduction to the problem of risk and the future of artificial intelligence, followed by a discussion (Armstrong/Sokala/ÓhÉigeartaigh) on how predictions of its future have fared to date. Omohundro makes the point that even an innocuous artificial agent can easily turn into a serious threat for humans. T. Goertzel explains how to succeed in the design of artificial agents. But will these be a threat for humanity, or a useful tool? Ways to assure beneficial outcomes through ‘machine ethics’ and ‘utility functions’ are discussed by Brundage and Yampolskiy. B. Goertzel and Potapov/Rodionov propose ‘learning’ and ‘empathy’ as paths towards safer AI while Kornai explains how the impact of AI may be bounded. Sandberg explains the implications of human-like AI via the technique of brain emulation. Dewey discusses strategies to deal with the ‘fast takeoff’ of artificial intelligence and, finally, Bishop explains why there is no need to worry because computers will remain in a state of ‘artificial stupidity’. Sharing insights from leading thinkers in artificial intelligence, this book provides you with an expert-level perspective of what is on the horizon for AI, whether it will be a threat for humanity, and how we might counteract this threat.

Handbook of Research on Applied Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Business and Industry

Handbook of Research on Applied Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Business and Industry
Author: Chkoniya, Valentina
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 653
Release: 2021-06-25
ISBN: 1799869865
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Applied Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Business and Industry Book Excerpt:

The contemporary world lives on the data produced at an unprecedented speed through social networks and the internet of things (IoT). Data has been called the new global currency, and its rise is transforming entire industries, providing a wealth of opportunities. Applied data science research is necessary to derive useful information from big data for the effective and efficient utilization to solve real-world problems. A broad analytical set allied with strong business logic is fundamental in today’s corporations. Organizations work to obtain competitive advantage by analyzing the data produced within and outside their organizational limits to support their decision-making processes. This book aims to provide an overview of the concepts, tools, and techniques behind the fields of data science and artificial intelligence (AI) applied to business and industries. The Handbook of Research on Applied Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Business and Industry discusses all stages of data science to AI and their application to real problems across industries—from science and engineering to academia and commerce. This book brings together practice and science to build successful data solutions, showing how to uncover hidden patterns and leverage them to improve all aspects of business performance by making sense of data from both web and offline environments. Covering topics including applied AI, consumer behavior analytics, and machine learning, this text is essential for data scientists, IT specialists, managers, executives, software and computer engineers, researchers, practitioners, academicians, and students.

Selected Topics in Medical Artificial Intelligence

Selected Topics in Medical Artificial Intelligence
Author: Perry L. Miller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461387779
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Topics in Medical Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

Computer technology has impacted the practice of medicine in dramatic ways. Imaging techniques provide noninvasive tools which alter the di agnostic process. Sophisticated monitoring equipment presents new levels of detail for both patient management and research. In most of these tech nology applications, the computer is embedded in the device; its presence is transparent to the user. There is also a growing number of applications in which the health care provider directly interacts with a computer. In many cases, these appli cations are limited to administrative functions, e.g., office practice man agement, location of hospital patients, appointments, and scheduling. Nevertheless, there also are instances of patient care functions such as results reporting, decision support, surveillance, and reminders. This series, Computers and Medicine, will focus upon the direct use of information systems as it relates to the medical community. After twenty-five years of experimentation and experience, there are many tested applications which can be implemented economically using the current generation of computers. Moreover, the falling cost of computers suggests that there will be even more extensive use in the near future. Yet there is a gap between current practice and the state-of-the-art.

Society and Technology

Society and Technology
Author: Ewa Lechman,Magdalena Popowska
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-03-04
ISBN: 1000044203
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Society and Technology Book Excerpt:

This book offers broad evidence on how new information and communication technologies (ICT) impact social development and contribute to social welfare. Its aim is to show how new technological solutions may contribute to society’s welfare by encouraging new ‘socially responsible’ initiatives and practices as the broad adoption of new technologies becomes an integral component of organizations, and of the overall economy. Society and Technology: Opportunities and Challenges is designed to provide deep insight into theoretical and empirical evidence on ICT as socially responsible technologies. More specifically, it puts special focus on examining the following: how channels of ICT impact on social progress, environmental sustainability and instability the role of ICT in creating social networks, with positive and negative consequences of networking how ICT encourages education, skills development, institutional development, etc. the ethical aspects of technological progress, and technology management for social corporate responsibility. The book is written primarily for scholars and academic professionals from a wide variety of disciplines that are addressing issues of economic development and growth, social development, and the role of technology progress in broadly defined socioeconomic progress. It is also an invaluable source of knowledge for graduate and postgraduate students, particularly within economic and social development, information and technology, worldwide studies, social policy or comparative economics.

A Networked Self and Human Augmentics Artificial Intelligence Sentience

A Networked Self and Human Augmentics  Artificial Intelligence  Sentience
Author: Zizi Papacharissi
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN: 1351783998
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Networked Self and Human Augmentics Artificial Intelligence Sentience Book Excerpt:

Every new technology invites its own sets of hopes and fears, and raises as many questions as it answers revolving around the same theme: Will technology fundamentally alter the essence of what it means to be human? This volume draws inspiration from the work of the many luminaries who approach augmented, alternative forms of intelligence and consciousness. Scholars contribute their thoughts on how human augmentic technologies and artificial or sentient forms of intelligence can be used to enable, reimagine, and reorganize how we understand our selves, how we conceive the meaning of "human", and how we define meaning in our lives.

Economics and Law of Artificial Intelligence

Economics and Law of Artificial Intelligence
Author: Georgios I. Zekos
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 543
Release: 2021-01-11
ISBN: 3030642542
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics and Law of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the alterations and problems caused by new technologies in all fields of the global digital economy. The impact of artificial intelligence (AI) not only on law but also on economics is examined. In the first part, the economics of AI are explored, including topics such as e-globalization and digital economy, corporate governance, risk management, and risk development, followed by a quantitative econometric analysis which utilizes regressions stipulating the scale of the impact. In the second part, the author presents the law of AI, covering topics such as the law of electronic technology, legal issues, AI and intellectual property rights, and legalizing AI. Case studies from different countries are presented, as well as a specific analysis of international law and common law. This book is a must-read for scholars and students of law, economics, and business, as well as policy-makers and practitioners, interested in a better understanding of legal and economic aspects and issues of AI and how to deal with them.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
Author: Gennady S. Osipov,Aleksandr I. Panov,Konstantin S. Yakovlev
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2019-10-17
ISBN: 3030332748
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This volume contains selected tutorial and young scientist school papers of the 5th RAAI Summer School on Artificial Intelligence, held in July 2019 at Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) campus in Dolgoprudny, a suburb of Moscow, Russia. The 11 chapters in this volume present papers focusing on various important aspects of Multiagent systems; Behavior planning; Natural language processing; Modeling of reasoning; and Machine learning and data analysis.

A Guided Tour of Artificial Intelligence Research

A Guided Tour of Artificial Intelligence Research
Author: Pierre Marquis,Odile Papini,Henri Prade
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 803
Release: 2020-05-08
ISBN: 3030061647
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guided Tour of Artificial Intelligence Research Book Excerpt:

The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of AI research, ranging from basic work to interfaces and applications, with as much emphasis on results as on current issues. It is aimed at an audience of master students and Ph.D. students, and can be of interest as well for researchers and engineers who want to know more about AI. The book is split into three volumes: - the first volume brings together twenty-three chapters dealing with the foundations of knowledge representation and the formalization of reasoning and learning (Volume 1. Knowledge representation, reasoning and learning) - the second volume offers a view of AI, in fourteen chapters, from the side of the algorithms (Volume 2. AI Algorithms) - the third volume, composed of sixteen chapters, describes the main interfaces and applications of AI (Volume 3. Interfaces and applications of AI). Implementing reasoning or decision making processes requires an appropriate representation of the pieces of information to be exploited. This first volume starts with a historical chapter sketching the slow emergence of building blocks of AI along centuries. Then the volume provides an organized overview of different logical, numerical, or graphical representation formalisms able to handle incomplete information, rules having exceptions, probabilistic and possibilistic uncertainty (and beyond), as well as taxonomies, time, space, preferences, norms, causality, and even trust and emotions among agents. Different types of reasoning, beyond classical deduction, are surveyed including nonmonotonic reasoning, belief revision, updating, information fusion, reasoning based on similarity (case-based, interpolative, or analogical), as well as reasoning about actions, reasoning about ontologies (description logics), argumentation, and negotiation or persuasion between agents. Three chapters deal with decision making, be it multiple criteria, collective, or under uncertainty. Two chapters cover statistical computational learning and reinforcement learning (other machine learning topics are covered in Volume 2). Chapters on diagnosis and supervision, validation and explanation, and knowledge base acquisition complete the volume.

Science and Global Challenges of the 21st Century Science and Technology

Science and Global Challenges of the 21st Century    Science and Technology
Author: Alvaro Rocha,Ekaterina Isaeva
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1146
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030894770
Category: Computational intelligence
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Global Challenges of the 21st Century Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

This book comprises the proceedings of the International Perm Forum "Science and Global Challenges of the 21st Century" held on October 18th 23rd, 2021, at Perm State University, Perm, Russia. Global challenges, which determine the main trends in the development of social and economic life in the XXI century, require the integration of specialists in various fields of knowledge. That is why the main principle of this edition is interdisciplinarity, the formation of end-to-end innovation chains, including fundamental and applied research, and the wide application of smart innovations, networks, and information technologies. The authors seek to find synergy between technologies and such fields as computer science, geosciences, biology, linguistics, social studies, historical studies, and economics. The book is of interest to researchers seeking nontrivial solutions at the interface of sciences, digital humanities, computational linguistics, cognitive studies, machine learning, and others

Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Ethics of Artificial Intelligence
Author: S. Matthew Liao
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 0190905069
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics of Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

As Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies rapidly progress, questions about the ethics of AI, in both the near-future and the long-term, become more pressing than ever. This volume features seventeen original essays by prominent AI scientists and philosophers and represents the state-of-the-art thinking in this fast-growing field. Organized into four sections, this volume explores the issues surrounding how to build ethics into machines; ethical issues in specific technologies, including self-driving cars, autonomous weapon systems, surveillance algorithms, and sex robots; the long term risks of superintelligence; and whether AI systems can be conscious or have rights. Though the use and practical applications of AI are growing exponentially, discussion of its ethical implications is still in its infancy. This volume provides an invaluable resource for thinking through the ethical issues surrounding AI today and for shaping the study and development of AI in the coming years.