Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology
Author: Richard Leach
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-09-03
ISBN: 9781437778328
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Book Excerpt:

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology provides a comprehensive overview of engineering metrology and how it relates to micro and nanotechnology (MNT) research and manufacturing. By combining established knowledge with the latest advances from the field, it presents a comprehensive single volume that can be used for professional reference and academic study. Provides a basic introduction to measurement and instruments Thoroughly presents numerous measurement techniques, from static length and displacement to surface topography, mass and force Covers multiple optical surface measuring instruments and related topics (interferometry, triangulation, confocal , variable focus, and scattering instruments) Explains, in depth, the calibration of surface topography measuring instruments (traceability; calibration of profile and areal surface texture measuring instruments; uncertainties) Discusses the material in a way that is comprehensible to even those with only a limited mathematical knowledge

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology
Author: Richard Leach
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2017-10-30
ISBN: 9780128101537
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Book Excerpt:

Working at the nano-scale demands an understanding of the high-precision measurement techniques that make nanotechnology and advanced manufacturing possible. Richard Leach introduces these techniques to a broad audience of engineers and scientists involved in nanotechnology and manufacturing applications and research. He also provides a routemap and toolkit for metrologists engaging with the rigor of measurement and data analysis at the nano-scale. Starting from the fundamentals of precision measurement, the author progresses into different measurement and characterization techniques. The focus on nanometrology in engineering contexts makes this book an essential guide for the emerging nanomanufacturing / nanofabrication sector, where measurement and standardization requirements are paramount both in product specification and quality assurance. This book provides engineers and scientists with the methods and understanding needed to design and produce high-performance, long-lived products while ensuring that compliance and public health requirements are met. Updated to cover new and emerging technologies, and recent developments in standards and regulatory frameworks, this second edition includes many new sections, e.g. new technologies in scanning probe and e-beam microscopy, recent developments in interferometry and advances in co-ordinate metrology. Demystifies nanometrology for a wide audience of engineers, scientists, and students involved in nanotech and advanced manufacturing applications and research Introduces metrologists to the specific techniques and equipment involved in measuring at the nano-scale or to nano-scale uncertainty Fully updated to cover the latest technological developments, standards, and regulations

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology
Author: R. K. Leach
Publsiher: William Andrew Pub
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9780080964546
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Book Excerpt:

Instrumentation, including an introduction to the laser Measurement of length using optical interferometry, including gauge block interferometry Displacement measurement and sensors Surface texture measurement, stylus, optical and scanning probe instruments, calibration, profile and areal characterisation Coordinate metrology Low mass and force metrology About the Author Professor Richard Leach is a Principal Research Scientist in the Mass & Dimensional Group, Engineering Measurement Division at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), UK.-

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology
Author: Yi Qin
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2010-07-02
ISBN: 9780815519805
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology Book Excerpt:

This book presents applicable knowledge of technology, equipment and applications, and the core economic issues of micromanufacturing for anyone with a basic understanding of manufacturing, material, or product engineering. It explains micro-engineering issues (design, systems, materials, market and industrial development), technologies, facilities, organization, competitiveness, and innovation with an analysis of future potential. The machining, forming, and joining of miniature / micro-products are all covered in depth, covering: grinding/milling, laser applications, and photo chemical etching; embossing (hot & UV), injection molding and forming (bulk, sheet, hydro, laser); mechanical assembly, laser joining, soldering, and packaging. • Presents case studies, material and design considerations, working principles, process configurations, and information on tools, equipment, parameters and control • Explains the many facets of recently emerging additive / hybrid technologies and systems, incl: photo-electric-forming, liga, surface treatment, and thin film fabrication • Outlines system engineering issues pertaining to handling, metrology, testing, integration & software • Explains widely used micro parts in bio / medical industry, information technology and automotive engineering. • Covers technologies in high demand, such as: micro-mechanical-cutting, lasermachining, micro-forming, micro-EDM, micro-joining, photo-chemical-etching, photo-electro-forming, and micro-packaging

Basics of Precision Engineering

Basics of Precision Engineering
Author: Richard Leach,Stuart T. Smith
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2018-04-09
ISBN: 0429887434
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basics of Precision Engineering Book Excerpt:

Advances in engineering precision have tracked with technological progress for hundreds of years. Over the last few decades, precision engineering has been the specific focus of research on an international scale. The outcome of this effort has been the establishment of a broad range of engineering principles and techniques that form the foundation of precision design. Today’s precision manufacturing machines and measuring instruments represent highly specialised processes that combine deterministic engineering with metrology. Spanning a broad range of technology applications, precision engineering principles frequently bring together scientific ideas drawn from mechanics, materials, optics, electronics, control, thermo-mechanics, dynamics, and software engineering. This book provides a collection of these principles in a single source. Each topic is presented at a level suitable for both undergraduate students and precision engineers in the field. Also included is a wealth of references and example problems to consolidate ideas, and help guide the interested reader to more advanced literature on specific implementations.

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications Research Advancements

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications  Research Advancements
Author: Santo, Loredana
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2014-02-28
ISBN: 1466652187
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications Research Advancements Book Excerpt:

Surface engineering includes many facets of materials science that help regulate the function, quality, and safety of products such as automotive, textile, and electronic materials. New technologies are developing to help enhance the surface performance. Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications: Research Advancements provides recent developments in surface engineering techniques and applications. It details scientific and technological results while also giving insight to current research, economic impact, and environmental concerns so that academics, practitioners, and professionals in the field, as well as students studying these areas, can deepen their understanding of new surface processes.

Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications

Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications
Author: Catalin I. Pruncu,Amit Aherwar,Stanislav Gorb
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2021-11-23
ISBN: 1000475913
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications Book Excerpt:

Tribology is a multidisciplinary science that encompasses mechanical engineering, materials science, surface engineering, lubricants, and additives chemistry with tremendous applications. Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications discusses the latest in tribology and surface engineering for industrial applications. This book: Offers information on coatings and surface diagnostics Explains a variety of techniques for improved performance Describes applications in automotive, wheel and rail materials, manufacturing, and wind turbines Written for researchers and advanced students, this book encompasses a wide-ranging view of the latest in industrial applications of tribology and surface engineering for a variety of cross-disciplinary applications.

Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture

Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture
Author: Richard Leach
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 353
Release: 2013-04-03
ISBN: 3642364586
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture Book Excerpt:

The function of a component part can be profoundly affected by its surface topography. There are many examples in nature of surfaces that have a well-controlled topography to affect their function. Examples include the hydrophobic effect of the lotus leaf, the reduction of fluid drag due to the riblet structure of shark skin, the directional adhesion of the gecko foot and the angular sensitivity of the multi-faceted fly eye. Surface structuring is also being used extensively in modern manufacturing. In this way many properties can be altered, for example optical, tribological, biological and fluidic. Previously, single line (profile) measurements were adequate to control manufacture of surfaces, but as the need to control the functionality of surfaces increases, there is a growing need for three-dimensional (areal) measurement and characterisation techniques. For this reason there has been considerable research, development and standardisation of areal techniques. This book will present the areal framework that is being adopted by the international community. Whereas previous books have concentrated on the measurement aspects, this book concentrates on the characterisation techniques, i.e. how to interpret the measurement data to give the appropriate (functional) information for a given task. The first part of the book presents the characterisation methods and the second part case studies that highlight the use of areal methods in a broad range of subject areas - from automobile manufacture to archaeology. Contents Introduction to Surface Topography The Areal Field Parameters The Areal Feature Parameters Areal Filtering Methods Areal Form Removal Areal Fractal Methods Choosing the Appropriate Parameter Characterisation of Individual Areal Features Multi-Scale Signature of Surface Topography Correlation of Areal Surface Texture Parameters to Solar Cell Efficiency Characterisation of Cylinder Liner Honing Textures for Production Control Characterisation of the Mechanical Bond Strength for Copper on Glass Plating Applications Inspection of Laser Structured Cams and Conrods Road Surfaces

Functional Nanomaterials and Devices for Electronics Sensors and Energy Harvesting

Functional Nanomaterials and Devices for Electronics  Sensors and Energy Harvesting
Author: Alexei Nazarov,Francis Balestra,Valeriya Kilchytska,Denis Flandre
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2014-08-28
ISBN: 3319088041
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Nanomaterials and Devices for Electronics Sensors and Energy Harvesting Book Excerpt:

This book contains reviews of recent experimental and theoretical results related to nanomaterials. It focuses on novel functional materials and nanostructures in combination with silicon on insulator (SOI) devices, as well as on the physics of new devices and sensors, nanostructured materials and nano scaled device characterization. Special attention is paid to fabrication and properties of modern low-power, high-performance, miniaturized, portable sensors in a wide range of applications such as telecommunications, radiation control, biomedical instrumentation and chemical analysis. In this book, new approaches exploiting nanotechnologies (such as UTBB FD SOI, Fin FETs, nanowires, graphene or carbon nanotubes on dielectric) to pave a way between “More Moore” and “More than Moore” are considered, in order to create different kinds of sensors and devices which will consume less electrical power, be more portable and totally compatible with modern microelectronics products.

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology
Author: David J. Whitehouse
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 999
Release: 2010-12-20
ISBN: 9781420082029
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology Book Excerpt:

Since the publication of the first edition, miniaturization and nanotechnology have become inextricably linked to traditional surface geometry and metrology. This interdependence of scales has had profound practical implications.Updated and expanded to reflect many new developments, Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology, Second Edition determines h

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography
Author: Richard Leach
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2011-03-31
ISBN: 3642120121
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography Book Excerpt:

The measurement and characterisation of surface topography is crucial to modern manufacturing industry. The control of areal surface structure allows a manufacturer to radically alter the functionality of a part. Examples include structuring to effect fluidics, optics, tribology, aerodynamics and biology. To control such manufacturing methods requires measurement strategies. There is now a large range of new optical techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure areal surface topography. Each method has its strong points and limitations. The book starts with introductory chapters on optical instruments, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their calibration. Each type of modern optical instrument is described (in a common format) by an expert in the field. The book is intended for both industrial and academic scientists and engineers, and will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.

3D Printing Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

3D Printing  Breakthroughs in Research and Practice
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2016-10-06
ISBN: 1522516786
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing Breakthroughs in Research and Practice Book Excerpt:

The advancement of modern technology has allowed for impressive developments in manufacturing processes. Out of these developments, 3D printing has emerged as a new method. 3D Printing: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is a comprehensive reference source for the latest research and advances on 3D printing processes, technologies, and methods. Highlighting emerging perspectives on manufacturing and industrial applications, this book is ideally designed for professionals, practitioners, students, and researchers interested in the latest developments and uses of 3D printing.

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System
Author: Arwa Ahmed Gasm Elseid,Alnazier Osman Mohammed Hamza
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020-05-14
ISBN: 1000070050
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System Book Excerpt:

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally. Early detection and treatment can prevent its progression to avoid total blindness. This book discusses and reviews current approaches for detection and examines new approaches for diagnosing glaucoma using CAD system. Computer-Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System, Chapter 1 provides a brief introduction of the disease and current methodology used to diagnose it today. Chapter 2 presents a review of the medical background of the disease, followed by a theoretical and mathematical background used in fundus image processing. Chapter 3 is a literature review about segmentation and feature extraction. Chapter 4 describes the formulation of the proposed methodology. In Chapter 5, the results of optic disc and optic cup segmentation algorithm are presented, the feature extraction and selection method, experimental results and performance evaluations of the classifier are given. Chapter 6 presents the conclusions and discussion of the future potential for the diagnostic system. This book is intended for biomedical engineers, computer science students, ophthalmologists and radiologists looking to develop a reliable automated computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) for detecting glaucoma and improve diagnosis of the disease. Key Features Discusses a reliable automated computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) for detecting glaucoma and presents an algorithm that detects optic disc and optic cup Assists ophthalmologists and researchers to test a new diagnostic method that reduces the effort and time of the doctors and cost to the patients Discusses techniques to reduce human error and minimize the miss detection rate and facilitate early diagnosis and treatment Presents algorithms to detect cup and disc color, shape features and RNFL texture features Dr. Arwa Ahmed Gasm Elseid is an assistant professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan. Dr. Alnazier Osman Mohammed Hamza is professor of Medical Imaging, College of Engineering, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.

What is What in the Nanoworld

What is What in the Nanoworld
Author: Victor E. Borisenko,Stefano Ossicini
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 615
Release: 2013-02-21
ISBN: 3527648380
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What is What in the Nanoworld Book Excerpt:

The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications
Author: Tuhin Subhra Santra,Loganathan Mohan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2021-04-16
ISBN: 9813362529
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications Book Excerpt:

This book highlights the evolution of, and novel challenges currently facing, nanomaterials science, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology, and their applications and development in the biological and biomedical fields. It details different nanoscale and nanostructured materials syntheses, processing, characterization, and applications, and considers improvements that can be made in nanostructured materials with their different biomedical applications. The book also briefly covers the state of the art of different nanomaterials design, synthesis, fabrication and their potential biomedical applications. It will be particularly useful for reading and research purposes, especially for science and engineering students, academics, and industrial researchers.

Advanced Metrology

Advanced Metrology
Author: X. Jane Jiang,Paul J. Scott
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2020-04-08
ISBN: 0128218169
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Metrology Book Excerpt:

Advanced Metrology: Freeform Surfaces provides the perfect guide for engineering designers and manufacturers interested in exploring the benefits of this technology. The inclusion of industrial case studies and examples will help readers to implement these techniques which are being developed across different industries as they offer improvements to the functional performance of products and reduce weight and cost. Includes case studies in every chapter to help readers implement the techniques discussed Provides unique advice from industry on hot subjects, including surface description and data processing Features links to online content, including video, code and software

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies
Author: Markku Tilli,Mervi Paulasto-Krockel,Teruaki Motooka,Veikko Lindroos
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 826
Release: 2015-09-02
ISBN: 0323312233
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies Book Excerpt:

The Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing that examines the state-of-the-art with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS. The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques, sensors, and multi-scale modeling methods of MEMS structures, silicon crystals, and wafers, also covering micromachining technologies in MEMS and encapsulation of MEMS components. Furthermore, it provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques, shows how to protect devices from the environment, and provides tactics to decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in costs. Provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques Shows how to protect devices from the environment and decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in packaging costs Discusses properties, preparation, and growth of silicon crystals and wafers Explains the many properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), manufacturing, processing, measuring (including focused beam techniques), and multiscale modeling methods of MEMS structures Geared towards practical applications rather than theory

High Temperature Polymer Blends

High Temperature Polymer Blends
Author: Mark T. DeMeuse
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2014-03-25
ISBN: 0857099019
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Temperature Polymer Blends Book Excerpt:

Polymer blends offer properties not easily obtained through the use of a single polymer, including the ability to withstand high temperatures. High Temperature Polymer Blends outlines the characteristics, developments, and use of high temperature polymer blends. The first chapter introduces high temperature polymer blends, their general principles, and thermodynamics. Further chapters go on to deal with the characterization of high temperature polymer blends for specific uses, such as fuel cells and aerospace applications. The book discusses different types of high temperature polymer blends, including liquid crystal polymers, polysulfones, and polybenzimidazole polymer blends and their commercial applications. High Temperature Polymer Blends provides a key reference for material scientists, polymer scientists, chemists, and plastic engineers, as well as academics in these fields. Reviews characterization methods and analysis of the thermodynamic properties of high temperature polymer blends Reviews the use of materials such as liquid crystals as reinforcements as well as applications in such areas as energy and aerospace engineering

Micromixers

Micromixers
Author: Nam-Trung Nguyen
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2011-09-17
ISBN: 1437735215
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micromixers Book Excerpt:

The ability to mix minute quantities of fluids is critical in a range of recent and emerging techniques in engineering, chemistry and life sciences, with applications as diverse as inkjet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, specialty and hazardous chemical manufacturing, DNA analysis and disease diagnosis. The multidisciplinary nature of this field – intersecting engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, microtechnology and biotechnology – means that the community of engineers and scientists now engaged in developing microfluidic devices has entered the field from a variety of different backgrounds. Micromixers is uniquely comprehensive, in that it deals not only with the problems that are directly related to fluidics as a discipline (aspects such as mass transport, molecular diffusion, electrokinetic phenomena, flow instabilities, etc.) but also with the practical issues of fabricating micomixers and building them into microsystems and lab-on-chip assemblies.With practical applications to the design of systems vital in modern communications, medicine and industry this book has already established itself as a key reference in an emerging and important field. The 2e includes coverage of a broader range of fabrication techniques, additional examples of fully realized devices for each type of micromixer and a substantially extended section on industrial applications, including recent and emerging applications. Introduces the design and applications of micromixers for a broad audience across chemical engineering, electronics and the life sciences, and applications as diverse as lab-on-a-chip, ink jet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and DNA analysis Helps engineers and scientists to unlock the potential of micromixers by explaining both the scientific (microfluidics) aspects and the engineering involved in building and using successful microscale systems and devices with micromixers The author's applied approach combines experience-based discussion of the challenges and pitfalls of using micromixers, with proposals for how to overcome them

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology
Author: Jeremy Ramsden
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2016-05-11
ISBN: 0323393144
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology: An Introduction, Second Edition, is ideal for the newcomer to nanotechnology, someone who also brings a strong background in one of the traditional disciplines, such as physics, mechanical or electrical engineering, or chemistry or biology, or someone who has experience working in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology. This book brings together the principles, theory, and practice of nanotechnology, giving a broad, yet authoritative, introduction to the possibilities and limitations of this exciting and rapidly developing field. The book's author, Prof Ramsden, also discusses design, manufacture, and applications and their impact on a wide range of nanotechnology areas. Provides an overview of the rapidly growing and developing field of nanotechnology Focuses on key essentials, and structured around a robust anatomy of the subject Brings together the principles, theory, and practice of nanotechnology, giving a broad, yet authoritative, introduction to the possibilities and limitations of this exciting and rapidly developing field