Game Meat Hygiene In Focus

Author by : P. Paulsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 562
File Size : 50,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Game meat is consumed world-wide. In most regions, it contributes only a small part to the overall meat and food supply, but for reasons of animal welfare and sustainability it is sometimes considered an alternative to meat from farmed animals. Despite differences in game species, ante mortem conditions (free-range or fenced; wild or semi-domesticated), hunting or harvesting procedures and further handling of the carcass, there are common requirements as regards meat safety and quality. Whereas meat hygiene and safety have been an issue in game meat for export/import for a long time, primary production, domestic supply and direct supply to the consumer have recently been addressed by legislation and these sectors still present unresolved questions and challenges. This book combines 24 contributions presenting the view of experts in game meat hygiene and quality. They address four main topics: i.e. 'hygiene and microbiology', 'epidemiology', 'risk assessment and management' and 'muscle biology and meat quality'. In addition to contributions on this topic by authors from eight European countries, a South African perspective is provided, thus representing the standpoint of a major game meat exporter. This volume is the first in a series on safety and quality assurance along the game meat chain, following a 'from forest to fork' approach and is targeted at scientists in academia and industry, graduate students as well as at governmental officials in veterinary public health and food safety.


Trends In Game Meat Hygiene

Author by : P. Paulsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 149
File Size : 51,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Game meat, previously often considered as an 'exotic' food, or being relevant only in remote regions, is becoming increasingly popular. In order to provide sufficient quantities of nutritious, wholesome and safe game meat, a number of measures have to be implemented along the food chain- from the forest/field or fenced area where the animals are harvested, to the point of consumption. These involve monitoring and control of diseases of game animals transmissible to man, technology and hygiene of game meat processing and specifics of products manufactured from game meat. This book combines 30 contributions of various experts in the field, addressing four main topics: i.e. 'hygiene and management of microbial contamination in fresh meat from game', 'zoonoses and epidemiology', 'risk assessment and quality assurance along the game meat chain' and 'quality issues in game meat products'. The focus on Europe is expanded by presenting specifics of the game meat chain in African and Asian regions, with a view to provide information on 'bushmeat' consumed by the indigenous population. Similar to the first volume in this series, this volume follows a 'from forest to fork' approach and is targeted at scientists in academia and industry, graduate students as well as at governmental officials in veterinary public health and food safety.


Trends In Food Safety And Protection

Author by : V Ravishankar Rai
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 935
File Size : 52,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Trends in Food Safety and Protection explores the recent developments and ongoing research in the field of food safety and protection. The book covers improvements in the existing techniques and implementation of novel analytical methods for detecting and characterizing foodborne pathogens.


Fermented Meat Products

Author by : Nevijo Zdolec
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 202
File Size : 43,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book presents recent developments on the health and safety of fermented meat products. It discusses health aspects of select topics in fermented meat microbiology, veterinary public health, chemistry, technology, biotechnology, nutrition, toxicology, and quality assurance, and gives a broad insight into the product’s safety and health hazards. The book considers the safety of fermented meat products through a whole food chain approach. It focuses on requirements for strict hygienic and technological procedures to prevent potential risk during the production of ready-to-eat products. The book does not aim to serve as negative publicity for meat products. Just the opposite – it points out to the complexity of prevention and control of potential hazards/risks in the production which greatly contributes to a higher total value of fermented meat products. This reference book is a result of collaborative efforts of a number of distinguished authors with international reputation from renowned institutions and it is intended to both academic and professional audience.


Foodborne Diseases

Author by : Jan Mei Soon
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 852
File Size : 43,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Foodborne Diseases: Case Studies of Outbreaks in the Agri-Food Industries defines the context of foodborne disease across a range of food sectors. It provides insight into the causes and management of outbreaks along with practical lessons about foodborne disease prevention strategies relevant to stakeholders throughout the food supply chain. Individual chapters capture the epidemiological and traceback investigations of foodborne disease outbreaks in a wide range of food sectors that include fresh produce, dairy and eggs, and meat products, to complex food ingredients and products within the food manufacturing and food service sectors. Under each food category, case studies of real outbreaks are presented, along with lessons learned in the way they were managed for future control of foodborne disease outbreaks. The authors look at management of outbreaks across borders and consider how both local and international authorities dealt with the issues in each case. They focus on real-life microbiological/chemical-associated outbreaks and provide insights on how the outbreaks occurred and, if possible, how they were traced to the source of contamination. Each outbreak is unique, and readers are given the distinctive circumstances associated with different hazards, challenges faced during epidemiological and environmental investigations, risk communication to the general public, and insights into outbreak management. The authors cover the entire food supply chain, including a chapter on animal feed safety. A chapter on fraud and foodborne outbreaks considers scenarios where food industries, food services, and other stakeholders commit food adulteration, which ultimately leads to foodborne illnesses. Outbreak management and prevention strategies are key parts of each case study.


Encyclopedia Of Meat Sciences

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 332
File Size : 54,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences, Second Edition, prepared by an international team of experts, is a reference work that covers all important aspects of meat science from stable to table. Its topics range from muscle physiology, biochemistry (including post mortem biochemistry), and processing procedures to the processes of tenderization and flavor development, various processed meat products, animal production, microbiology and food safety, and carcass composition. It also considers animal welfare, animal genetics, genomics, consumer issues, ethnic meat products, nutrition, the history of each species, cooking procedures, human health and nutrition, and waste management. Fully up-to-date, this important reference work provides an invaluable source of information for both researchers and professional food scientists. It appeals to all those wanting a one-stop guide to the meat sciences. More than 200 articles covering all areas of meat sciences Substantially revised and updated since the previous edition was published in 2004 Full color throughout


Meat And Nutrition

Author by : Chhabi Lal Ranabhat
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 862
File Size : 40,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book provides new insights into the production of meat, the burden of diseases associated with excessive meat consumption, undernutrition associated with insufficiency of meat products, and different health-related indicators related to meat and nutrition. This book is useful for researchers, policy makers, and students in medical science, food science, nursing, and public health.


Meat Inspection And Control In The Slaughterhouse

Author by : Thimjos Ninios
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 857
File Size : 42,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Meat inspection, meat hygiene and official control tasks in the slaughterhouse have always been of major importance in the meat industry, and are intimately related with animal diseases and animal welfare. The history of meat inspection has largely been a success story. Huge steps have been taken over more than a century to prevent the transmission of pathogenic organisms and contagious diseases from animals to humans. Various factors influence the quality and safety of meat including public health hazards (zoonotic pathogens, chemical substances and veterinary drugs), animal health and welfare issues during transport and slaughter. Meat inspection is one of the most important programs in improving food safety, and its scope has enlarged considerably over the last decades. Globalization has affected the complexity of the modern meat chain and has provided possibilities for food fraud and unfair competition. During the last two decades many food fraud cases have been reported, which have caused concern among consumers and the industry. Subsequently meat inspection is faced with new challenges. Meat Inspection and Control in the Slaughterhouse is an up-to-date reference book that responds to these changes and reflects the continued importance of meat inspection for the food industry. The contributors to this book are all international experts in the areas of meat inspection and the official controls limited to slaughterhouses, providing a rare insight into the international meat trade. This book will be of importance to students, professionals and members of the research community worldwide who aim to improve standards of meat inspection procedures and food safety.


Managing Food Safety Risks In The Agri Food Industries

Author by : Jan Mei Soon
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 729
File Size : 42,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Modern farming practices involve more stakeholders in the supply chain, presenting issues of storage, transportation, and distribution prior to reaching the consumer. This increasing complexity in food production chains creates more points for introducing microorganism contamination of crops, livestock, and aquatic organisms. Managing Food Safety R


Reindeer And Caribou

Author by : Morten Tryland
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 244
File Size : 47,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book is a comprehensive presentation of health and diseases in reindeer and caribou, or just Rangifer, a key Circumarctic species with broad social and ecological value. It is an essential reference for anyone interested in the biology and health of wild or semi-domesticated reindeer and caribou, and is more broadly relevant for those with interests in other species of free-ranging and captive cervids. Beginning with a general introduction to Rangifer as a species, it then focuses on Rangifer "health" as a concept and describes the determinants of health at an individual and population level. Chapters cover a range of topics from nutrition and feeding to stress, non-infectious and infectious diseases, meat hygiene, capture and restraint, diagnosis and treatment of health issues, and finally, potential impacts of climate change on health of Rangifer. Reindeer and Caribou: Health and Disease compiles extensive research and experience-based information on issues ranging from drug doses for chemical immobilization, blood chemistry values, and raising an orphaned calf. In addition, it contains hundreds of high quality colour illustrations that contribute to its value as a diagnostic resource for recognizing various parasites, pathogens and signs of disease, both in live and dead animals. Each chapter is followed by a comprehensive list of references and a list of contact information for all the contributors, identifying world experts in the different areas of health for this circumpolar and fascinating species. This book is compulsory reading and an indispensable resource for anyone dealing with health in reindeer and caribou, including veterinarians, wildlife biologists and managers, reindeer herders/game ranchers, zoological husbandry personnel, and students with wildlife health.


More Than Beef Pork And Chicken The Production Processing And Quality Traits Of Other Sources Of Meat For Human Diet

Author by : José Manuel Lorenzo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
Total Download : 780
File Size : 48,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This comprehensive work explores the demand, supply and variable consumer attitude toward a wide variety of unconventional and exotic animal species that are consumed in different parts of the world. Individual chapters focus on the consumption of horse meat, camel, buffalo, sheep, rabbit, wild boar, deer, goose, pheasant and exotic meats such as alligator, snake, frog and turtle. For each type of animal species, the carcass characteristics, physico-chemical properties and nutritional value of the meat are extensively outlined. The consumer preference, behavior and perception of each type of meat are also covered, with focus on important factors from sensory properties to psychological and marketing aspects. In promoting a better understanding of the complexities involved in consumer decision making, this book aims to improve the competitiveness of the meat industry through effective informational strategies that can increase consumer acceptance of more convenient, healthy and environmentally friendly meat choices. More than Beef, Pork and Chicken – The Production, Processing, and Quality Traits of Other Sources of Meat for Human Diet also focuses on the important role meat plays in the human diet and the evolution of the species. Beneficial factors such as protein, B complex vitamins, zinc, selenium and phosphorus are detailed. Negative factors are discussed as well, with issues such as fat and fatty acid content being addressed for each type of meat presented. In exploring the full range of nutritional benefits, consumer acceptance and carcass characteristics in a large quantity of different types of animal meats from all over the world, this book offers incredible value to researchers looking for a single source on unconventional meat processing.


How Fermented Foods Feed A Healthy Gut Microbiota

Author by : M. Andrea Azcarate-Peril
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 619
File Size : 47,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book examines the role of fermented foods on human gut health and offers a unique contribution to this rapidly growing area of study. Fermented foods have been consumed by humans for millennia. This method of food preservation provided early humans with beneficial bacteria that re-populated the gut microbiota upon consumption. However, novel methods of production and conservation of food have led to severed ties between the food that modern humans consume and the gut microbiota. As a consequence, there has been a documented increase in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases and obesity, which has been correlated to decreased diversity of gut microbes, while infectious disorders have decreased in the three past decades. With the intention of providing a thorough overview of the relationship between fermented foods, nutrition, and health, the editors have grouped the chapters into three thematic sections: food and their associated microbes, the oral microbiome, and the gut microbiome. After an introduction dedicated to the environmental microbiome, Part I provides an overview of what is currently known about the microbes associated with different foods, and compares traditional forms of food preparation with current industrial techniques in terms of the potential loss of microbial diversity. The chapters in Part 2 explore the oral microbiota as a microbial gatekeeper and main contributor to the gut microbiota. Part 3 introduces beneficial modulators of the gut microbiome starting with the establishment of a healthy gut microbiota during infancy, and continuing with the role of probiotics and prebiotics in health preservation and the imbalances of the gut microbiota. In the final section the editors offer concluding remarks and provide a view of the future brought by the microbiome research revolution. This study is unique in its emphasis on the convergence of two very relevant fields of research: the field of studies on Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) and fermented foods, and microbiome research. The relationship between these fields, as presented by the research in this volume, demonstrates the intimate connection between fermented foods, the oral and gut microbiota, and human health. Although research has been done on the impact of diet on the gut microbiome there are no publications addressing the restorative role of food as microbe provider to the gut microbiota. This novel approach makes the edited volume a key resource for scientific researchers working in this field.


Computational Fluid Dynamics In Food Processing

Author by : Da-Wen Sun
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 808
File Size : 40,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Since many processes in the food industry involve fluid flow and heat and mass transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) provides a powerful early-stage simulation tool for gaining a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of food processing, allowing engineers to test concepts all the way through the development of a process or system. Published in 2007, the first edition was the first book to address the use of CFD in food processing applications, and its aims were to present a comprehensive review of CFD applications for the food industry and pinpoint the research and development trends in the development of the technology; to provide the engineer and technologist working in research, development, and operations in the food industry with critical, comprehensive, and readily accessible information on the art and science of CFD; and to serve as an essential reference source to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in universities and research institutions. This will continue to be the purpose of this second edition. In the second edition, in order to reflect the most recent research and development trends in the technology, only a few original chapters are updated with the latest developments. Therefore, this new edition mostly contains new chapters covering the analysis and optimization of cold chain facilities, simulation of thermal processing and modeling of heat exchangers, and CFD applications in other food processes.


Human Diseases From Wildlife

Author by : Michael R. Conover
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 584
File Size : 48,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Human Diseases from Wildlife presents information on the most prevalent and serious zoonotic diseases in the US and Canada, some of which have been national headline news like anthrax, influenza, and West Nile virus. Diseases that are caused by pathogens with the ability to infect both humans and animals are known as zoonotic diseases, which literally means "disease from animals." The issue of human–wildlife disease interactions is a growing concern as humans continue to interface with wildlife. People who handle wildlife including field workers, wildlife professionals, trappers, and hunters want to know about potential diseases, risks, and how to protect themselves from disease. This book was written because many people are uninformed about zoonotic diseases. This lack of information causes some people to have a heightened fear of zoonotic diseases, preventing them from enjoying wildlife or spending time outdoors. Other people needlessly expose themselves to disease by neglecting simple precautions. This book includes information on bacterial, spirochetal, rickettsial, and viral diseases as well as macroparasites and emerging zoonotic diseases. More than two dozen diseases are covered including rabies, tularemia, baylisascariasis, salmonellosis, leprosy, Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and swimmer’s itch. Each chapter contains the history of the disease, symptoms in humans, medical treatment, transmission of pathogens to humans, the role of wildlife as vectors, and methods to minimize risk. The diseases people can contract from wild animals can be both threatening and fascinating, and the book includes interesting information to make it more enjoyable to read.


Infectious Diseases Of Wild Mammals And Birds In Europe

Author by : Dolorés Gavier-Widen
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 529
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe is a keyresource on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases inEuropean wildlife that covers the distinctive nature of diseases asthey occur in Europe, including strains, insect vectors, reservoirspecies, and climate, as well as geographical distribution of thediseases and European regulations for reporting, diagnosis andcontrol. Divided into sections on viral infections, bacterialinfections, fungal and yeast infections, and prion infections, thisdefinitive reference provides valuable information on diseaseclassification and properties, causative agents, epidemiology,pathogenesis, and implications for human, domestic and wild animalhealth. Key features: • Brings together extensive research from many differentdisciplines into one integrated and highly useful definitivereference. • Zoonotic risks to human health, as well as risks to petsand livestock are highlighted. • Each disease is covered separately with practicalinformation on the animal species in which the disease has beenrecorded, clinical signs of the disease, diagnostic methods, andrecommended treatments and vaccination. • Wildlife vaccination and disease surveillance techniquesare described. • Examines factors important in the spread of disease such aschanging climate, the movement of animals through trade, andrelaxations in the control of wide animal populations.


Routledge Handbook Of Landscape And Food

Author by : Joshua Zeunert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 266
File Size : 41,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Since the turn of the millennium, there has been a burgeoning interest in, and literature of, both landscape studies and food studies. Landscape describes places as relationships and processes. Landscapes create people’s identities and guide their actions and their preferences, while at the same time are shaped by the actions and forces of people. Food, as currency, medium, and sustenance, is a fundamental part of those landscape relationships. This volume brings together over fifty contributors from around the world in forty profoundly interdisciplinary chapters. Chapter authors represent an astonishing range of disciplines, from agronomy, anthropology, archaeology, conservation, countryside management, cultural studies, ecology, ethics, geography, heritage studies, landscape architecture, landscape management and planning, literature, urban design and architecture. Both food studies and landscape studies defy comprehension from the perspective of a single discipline, and thus such a range is both necessary and enriching. The Routledge Handbook of Landscape and Food is intended as a first port of call for scholars and researchers seeking to undertake new work at the many intersections of landscape and food. Each chapter provides an authoritative overview, a broad range of pertinent readings and references, and seeks to identify areas where new research is needed—though these may also be identified in the many fertile areas in which subjects and chapters overlap within the book.


Regenerative Engineering

Author by : Cato T. Laurencin
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 929
File Size : 44,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Distinct from tissue engineering, which focuses primarily on the repair of tissues, regenerative engineering focuses on the regeneration of tissues: creating living, functional tissue that has the ability to replace organs that are dysfunctional. The challenge of working in an area like regenerative engineering lies, in part, in the breadth of information required to truly appreciate and begin to think about this field. Regenerative Engineering introduces the field through the presentation of fundamental concepts of cell biology, stem cell science, materials science, and cell-material interactions. It also focuses on specific organ and tissue types and presents up-to-date examples of ongoing work, often in the context of a specific clinical need. Regenerative medicine focuses on the biological aspects of tissue regeneration via stem cells, factors, and cytokines, while tissue engineering focuses on the integration of materials science and life sciences. This book integrates these two areas, presenting each concept in the framework of regenerative engineering. Features: Covers a number of cutting-edge topics related to regenerative medicine and tissue engineering Includes an introductory chapter on materials science Features a number of the contributors who are world-class researchers, one of whom is Dr. Anthony Atala, whose work dealing with organ regenerative engineering was featured on Sixty Minutes Incorporates problem-based learning throughout the text, which is not hypothetical but based on actual biological, engineering, or clinical scenarios Combining science, engineering and medicine, Regenerative Engineering incorporates all of the essential elements needed for further advancement in this field. The book explores the development and examination of vital organs and tissue types and addresses concerns as it relates to the regenerative engineering of various organ tissues, vascular tissues, bone, ligament, neural tissue, and the interfaces between tissues.


Encyclopedia Of Food And Health

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 903
File Size : 51,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward. Users will find this to be a meticulously organized resource of the best available summary and conclusions on each topic. Written from a truly international perspective, and covering of all areas of food science and health in over 550 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter, this updated encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both research and educational needs. Identifies the essential nutrients and how to avoid their deficiencies Explores the use of diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health Compiles methods for detection and quantitation of food constituents, food additives and nutrients, and contaminants Contains coverage of all areas of food science and health in nearly 700 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter


Hunting Hygiene

Author by : Sauli Laaksonen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 932
File Size : 49,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Hunting hygiene' is an internationally unparalleled textbook introducing the basics of hunting hygiene. This concept includes the basic biology and ecology of game animals as well as game animal diseases and their causes. An important part of hunting hygiene is the identification and assessment of pathological alterations and the possible risks for humans caused by animal diseases, and how these risks can be diminished. Risk control begins with the practice of environmental and game animal management, animal health and hunting dog health care. Other essential parts of the subject are hunting methods, correct practices in game handling, slaughterhouse hygiene and safe preparation methods of game in the kitchen. 'Hunting hygiene' presents the tools to detect and assess diseases in game animals and the universally applicable principles of hygiene during hunting and handling meat from wild game, illustrated by numerous examples. The content of this textbook is enlivened by unique photographs and Sauli Laaksonen's watercolour illustrations. The authors' exceptional insight into the topic combined with years of collecting material and extensive international collaboration make this book a riveting exploration into the concept of hunting hygiene. 'Hunting hygiene' is a textbook intended for hunters and educational institutes in the field. It is also suitable for biologists, veterinary surgeons, doctors and all readers interested in the diversity of nature. The book focuses on north and central Europe. 'Hunting hygiene' is primarily based on the Finnish book 'Metsästäjän Terveysoppi' written by Sauli Laaksonen. 'Hunting hygiene' meets the international demand that became obvious after the publication of 'Metsästäjän Terveysoppi' in 2013.


Australian Standard For The Hygienic Production Of Wild Game Meat For Human Consumption

Author by : CSIRO
Languange : en
Publisher by : Food Regulation Standing Commi
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 606
File Size : 45,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "This Standard completely supersedes the previous version (SCARM Report No. 57; AS 4464:1997) and states the standards required for producing game meat for human consumption from wild animals and birds killed in their natural environment. It sets the minimum standards required in hygiene for harvesting, transporting, processing, packaging and storage, to ensure a safe and wholesome product. Provision is made for small animals such as hare and game birds presented whole. The Standard does not apply to production from animals or birds unable to roam free, herded or kept under supervision, nor to processing game animals into processed meat products. It does not apply to birds presented for sale eviscerated and without feathers. Generally, it does not apply to 'captured game', which can have detailed ante-mortem inspection prior to slaughter. However, possum presented live are included within this Standard." -- Publisher.


Wildlife Resources

Author by : Harald H. Roth
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 775
File Size : 46,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The general interest and attention paid to the use of the renewable natural resources of the world have increased greatly during the last decades. This is due to the environmental dilemma into which mankind has got itself by the total disregard of ecological facts and laws, the underprizing of natural resources and the overemphasis on economic develop ment, coupled with unimpeded rapid population growth and the preponderance of material istic consumption-oriented attitudes. The management and use of natural resources such as forests, grasslands, rivers and lakes were formerly considered purely in a financial context, whereas latterly, a consciousness of their social function and the indirect economic benefits which can be derived from them has developed. Thus, as regards these traditional resources, multi-use concepts comprising eco nomically oriented utilisation as well as recreational, educational and social use have be come widely accepted. Conservation of natural resources for sustainable consumptive as well as non-consumptive uses has been recognised as a key element for maintaining eco nomic development all over the world. Fortunately, the industrialised countries have started to apply this principle themselves and in their technical and financial aid to the developing Third World countries. This is manifest from policy documents such as the World Bank Policy on Development of Wild Lands, issued in 1987.


Food Safety And Informal Markets

Author by : Kristina Roesel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 413
File Size : 42,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Animal products are vital components of the diets and livelihoods of people across sub-Saharan Africa. They are frequently traded in local, unregulated markets and this can pose significant health risks. This volume presents an accessible overview of these issues in the context of food safety, zoonoses and public health, while at the same time maintaining fair and equitable livelihoods for poorer people across the continent. The book includes a review of the key issues and 25 case studies of the meat, milk, egg and fish food sectors drawn from a wide range of countries in East, West and Southern Africa, as part of the "Safe Food, Fair Food" project. It describes a realistic analysis of food safety risk by developing a methodology of ‘participatory food safety risk assessment’, involving small-scale producers and consumers in the process of data collection in a data-poor environment often found in developing countries. This approach aims to ensure market access for poor producers, while adopting a realistic and pragmatic strategy for reducing the risk of food-borne diseases for consumers.


Surveillance

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 814
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Chemical Hazards In Foods Of Animal Origin

Author by : Frans J.M. Smulders
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 696
File Size : 47,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The authorship of this book is comprised of a total of 65 experts of worldwide repute, originating from 13 different countries and representing various scientific disciplines such as human and veterinary medicine, agricultural sciences, (micro)biology, pharmacology/toxicology, nutrition, (food) chemistry and risk assessment science. In 25 chapters the various chemical hazards - 'avoidable' or 'unavoidable' and possibly prevailing in major foods of animal origin [muscle foods (including fish), milk and dairy, eggs, honey] - are identified and characterised, the public health risks associated with the ingestion of animal food products that may be contaminated with such xenobiotic chemical substances are discussed in detail, and options for risk mitigation are presented. This volume targets an audience with both an industry and academic background, and particularly those professionals who are (or students who aspire to become) involved in risk management of foods of animal origin.


Safety Analysis Of Foods Of Animal Origin

Author by : Leo M.L. Nollet
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 687
File Size : 53,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : We cannot control how every chef, packer, and food handler might safeguard or compromise the purity of our food, but thanks to the tools developed through physics and nanotech and the scientific rigor of modern chemistry, food industry and government safety regulators should never need to plead ignorance when it comes to safety assurance. Compiled


Participatory Risk Assessment For Harvesting Of Impala Aepyceros Melampus And The Distribution Of By Products

Author by : Shashikala Ramrajh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 233
File Size : 43,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The demand for the control of safe food, from consumers the world over, has revolutionized the manner in which wild game meat harvesting occurs. In developed countries, food quality, food and human safety with quality controlling systems embracing environmental carbon footprint issues are constantly improving, for international harmonization at each level of production "from stable to table", "farm to fork", "field to yield" as well as from "cradle to grave". Food industries globally have adopted the in Hazard Analysis Critical control Point (HACCP) system. This is a risk assessment process using Hygiene Assessment Systems (HAS) as a mitigating strategy for risk communication through training. It is also a holistic system that is compatible with international trends designed not only for food safety and quality, but it also embraces other aspects of farming such as animal welfare, environmental management and Occupational Safety and Health. Global marketing for international trade demands quality assurance from trading partners thereby promoting economic growth for developing countries. The watch dog bodies such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO) prohibit trading for non-compliance, therefore trade barriers are in place for uncertified food of animal origin, EU regulations are stringent requirements that need compliance and so too the OIE regulations for disease control, while the Codex Alimentarius Commission maintains trade harmonization. In South Africa Hygiene Assessment Systems (HAS) is a National Hygiene management strategy implemented at abattoirs, that promotes and facilitates quality and hygiene and is reflective of South African quality abroad. It is prescribed under the section, "Essential National Standards" in the Meat Safety Act, 2000, (Act 40 of 2000). This Act covers red meat and includes both domestic animals and game. The Veterinary Procedural Notices (VPN's) are used for export of game and give far more detailed guidelines than the legislation for game meat sold and consumed locally in South Africa. The objective of the Hygiene Assessment System (HAS) is to create a national awareness of quality to better improve the quality of life of all South Africans, whilst at the same time it is used as an auditing tool for Veterinary Public Health to effectively compare essential standards within the nine provinces. Currently this programme is referred to as the National Abattoir Rating Scheme (NARS), which is only applicable to the high and low throughput Red Meat and Poultry abattoirs in South Africa and not to the Game or Rural abattoirs, thereby further compounding the duality of food standards with food safety being compromised. This study has been undertaken because there are inadequate risk control measures such as introduction of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) guidelines on primary and secondary meat inspection, specifically on game for local consumption, not only within South Africa, but in the international arena as well. A revision of the HAS document and audit will also be needed to meet with the local (not just export) criteria for wild game harvesting, to enable food safety, thus enabling food security in the remote non - agricultural areas in KwaZulu-Natal. Venison is the meat of today because of health priorities that have arisen over the last ten years. It is low in trans-fatty acids and is regarded internationally as a healthy product produced organically in a free range situation. South Africa has a large potential export market for venison to the European Union because the demand, for venison, exceeds supply in Europe. However, the European Union's "safe food regulation" that was introduced between 2005 and 2007 with an implementation date of 2008 (Regulation1021/2008) has made it imperative that the HACCP principle is applied to any food or food product of animal origin imported into the European Union or its member states. Also, HACCP specifies that a multidisciplinary team of experts is selected. This then lends itself to a participatory approach to risk assessment as wide consultation is required. This participatory approach was used, including expert opinion surveys and focus group discussions with stakeholders and role-players in the game industry such as commercial hunters, state veterinary services and game ranch owners. Such participants may have better insight into existing conditions than external experts with recognised educational qualifications, usually used in the HACCP team. From this and the relevant Veterinary Procedural Notices for game harvesting, a HACCP process flow and critical control points were derived for the primary phase of meat inspection, including slaughter, primary meat inspection and loading for transport to the abattoir. This was modified during a phase or trial harvesting and then implemented during the harvest of 1758 impala carcasses which were subsequently exported. In addition, environmental risks were considered and a risk mitigation strategy designed, to reduce any possible environmental impacts. In northern Kwazulu Natal, game ranches and conservation areas are in close proximity to the rural poor where food is scarce and comes at a premium price. These game farms harvest seasonally for either the local or export market, hence there is abundance of game offal and by-products available, yet it is at present left in the field or taken to the vulture restaurants (in line with the VPN). Participatory risk analysis was thus also used to investigate the feasibility of using edible offal from impala (Aepyceros melampus) as a source of renewable protein, to address food security issues in impoverished communities in the study area, the districts of uPongola and Jozini, in northern KwaZulu Natal. Structured interviews on the cultural acceptability of impala offal were held with 162 randomly sampled adult respondents in veterinary districts associated with dip tanks. A two stage cluster design was used where the state veterinary areas were stage one and the dip tanks (with proportional random sampling of community members) were the second stage. Offal is a popular food in South Africa in different cultures, called "ithumbu" in IsiZulu, "boti" by the Indian group, "afval" in Afrikaans and "tripe" in English. Generally demand outstrips supply of offal at red meat abattoirs in South Africa. It was found that there was no significant difference between those who would eat impala offal and those who would eat the offal of sheep. It was concluded that it is feasible to use inspected game offal from impala as a protein source in much the same way as red meat offal is used and that the current practice of leaving the offal for predators was likely, if it continues, to cause imbalances in the predator/ prey ratio on game farms. It is recommended that the VPN for game be amended to encompass inspected offal being allowed into the formal food chain, in line with the standard operating procedure developed during this study. Also that current fragmentation of legislation and the implementation thereof is revisited for effective control for harmonisation of food safety standards for game meat within South Africa.


Focus On Philipsburg

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 579
File Size : 52,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description :


Integrated Waste Management

Author by : Sunil Kumar
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 396
File Size : 41,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book reports research on policy and legal issues, anaerobic digestion of solid waste under processing aspects, industrial waste, application of GIS and LCA in waste management, and a couple of research papers relating to leachate and odour management.


The Management Game Of Communication

Author by : Peggy Simcic Brønn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 782
File Size : 41,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The book provides insight into the expanding field of corporate communication by exploring the benefits of research and education which merge insights from the disciplines of business and communication. The book provides a uniquely European view and stimulates discussions in a continuing area of interest among academics and practitioners alike.