Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World

Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World
Author: Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2009-10-21
ISBN: 9780080889719
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World Book Excerpt:

The electric power sector is what keeps modern economies going, and historically, fossil fuels provided the bulk of the energy need to generate electricity, with coal a dominant player in many parts of the world. Now with growing concerns about global climate change, this historical dependence on fossil-fuels, especially those rich in carbon, are being questioned. Examining the implications of the industry's future in a carbon-constrained world, a distinct reality, is the subject of this book. Containing contributions from renowned scholars and academics from around the world, this book explores the various energy production options available to power companies in a carbon-constrained world. The three part treatment starts with a clear and rigorous exposition of the short term options including Clean Coal and Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technology, Coal, and Emission trading. Renewable energy options such as Nuclear Energy, Wind power, Solar power, Hydro-electric, and Geothermal energy are clearly explained along with their trade-offs and uncertainties inherent in evaluating and choosing different energy options and provides a framework for assessing policy solutions. This is followed by self-contained chapters of case-studies from all over the world. Other topics discussed in the book are Creating markets for tradable permits in the emerging carbon era, Global Action on Climate Change, The Impossibility of Staunching World CO2 Emissions and Energy efficiency. Clearly explains short term and long term options Contributions from renowned scholars and academics from around the world Case-studies from all over the world

Wind Versus Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World

Wind Versus Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 2016
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wind Versus Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World Book Excerpt:

Natural Gas Wind and Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World

Natural Gas  Wind and Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World
Author: Gerrit C. Van Kooten
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Carbon taxes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Wind and Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World Book Excerpt:

A linear programming model is used to examine the impact of carbon taxes on the optimal generation mix in the Alberta electrical system. The model permits decommissioning of generating assets with high carbon dioxide emissions and investment in new gas-fired, wind and, in some scenarios, nuclear capacity. Although there is an intertie from Alberta to the U.S., the focus is on the connection to British Columbia as wind energy can potentially be stored in reservoirs behind hydroelectric dams. However, storage can also be used to smooth out the net load facing nuclear facilities. A carbon tax facilitates early removal of coal-fired capacity, which is replaced by low-emissions gas plants. It is only when the carbon tax exceeds $125/tCO2 that wind enters the system, although wind is displaced by nuclear power if that option is permitted. Although upfront costs of adding nuclear capacity are prohibitive, nuclear outcompetes wind because wind farms have low capacity factors and, importantly, because a great deal of gas-plant capacity is required to support wind, something avoided when nuclear energy is added. Finally, an intertie with British Columbia is beneficial because of the support it provides for wind and nuclear energy, but the role of natural gas is more important in facilitating a transition to lower system-wide carbon dioxide emissions.

Fossil Free

Fossil Free
Author: No Author
Publsiher: Harper Collins
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN: 9390327016
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fossil Free Book Excerpt:

REIMAGINING A CLEANER, GREENER, CARBON-FREE WORLD! The current global energy use, with its overwhelming dependence on fossil fuels, has taken global warming to dangerous levels. Climate change is already hitting us hard, through adverse effects on global food availability, biodiversity, rising sea levels and extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and floods. In the last decade, a major transformation-the transition to clean, affordable and sustainable energy from the sun and the wind-is beginning to address these challenges. Fossil Free provides a concise introduction to the challenges, realities and complexities of the global and local energy industry, as well as the trends and forces driving the energy transition. It explains how improved electricity infrastructure, decentralized smart grids, electric vehicles, energy storage and market design are already providing clear pathways for the transition towards green, efficient, affordable and secure renewable energy across the energy-use chain: extraction, conversion, transmission, distribution and end use. For over a decade, Sumant Sinha has had a ringside view of the energy scenario. Having founded and helmed India's leading clean energy company, his understanding of the global energy landscape and climate change brings a unique, holistic perspective on energy. With Fossil Free, Sinha shares his vision for energy which is not only clean, but also practical and affordable.

Natural Gas Wind and Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World

Natural Gas  Wind and Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World
Author: Gerrit Cornelis Kooten
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Carbon taxes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Wind and Nuclear Options for Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World Book Excerpt:

Diversifying energy options in a carbon constrained world

Diversifying energy options in a carbon constrained world
Author: David C. Dayton,Brian G. Southwell,Vikram Rao
Publsiher: RTI Press
Total Pages: 8
Release: 2021-12-21
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diversifying energy options in a carbon constrained world Book Excerpt:

Diversifying Energy Options in a Carbon-Constrained World is a new series to be published by RTI Press to provide a wide, cross-disciplinary discussion of carbon mitigation options and strategies to inform national and international research, scientific discussions, and policy debates. Human influence on the climate system is an established fact, and global warming—already resulting in the likelihood of more frequent and intense weather events—has been observed. A combination of new technologies, social acceptance, and environmental regulations at the local, national, and international levels will be needed to realize a sustained, multidisciplinary effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There is a critical need to reduce the static, calm the hype, and provide a realistic and complete presentation of facts to support climate change mitigation decisions.

Electricity in a Climate constrained World

Electricity in a Climate constrained World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Organization for Economic
Total Pages: 113
Release: 2012-03
ISBN: 9789264175525
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electricity in a Climate constrained World Book Excerpt:

After experiencing a historic drop in 2009, electricity generation reached a record-high in 2010, confirming the close linkage between economic growth and electricity usage. Unfortunately, CO2 emissions from electricity have also resumed their growth: Electricity remains the single-largest source of CO2 emissions from energy, with 11.7 billion tonnes of CO2 released in 2010. The imperative to "decarbonise" electricity and improve end-use efficiency remains essential to the global fight against climate change. The IEA Electricity in a Climate-Constrained World provides an authoritative resource on progress to date in this area, including statistics related to CO2 and the electricity sector across ten regions of the world (supply, end-use and capacity additions). It also presents topical analyses on the challenge of rapidly curbing CO2 emissions from electricity. Looking at policy instruments, it focuses on emissions trading in China, using energy efficiency to manage electricity supply crises and combining policy instruments for effective CO2 reductions. On regulatory issues, it asks whether deregulation can deliver decarbonisation and assesses the role of state-owned enterprises in emerging economies. And from technology perspectives, it explores the rise of new end-uses, the role of electricity storage, biomass use in Brazil, and the potential of carbon capture and storage for 'negative emissions' electricity supply. Book jacket.

Clean Coal Engineering Technology

Clean Coal Engineering Technology
Author: Bruce G. Miller
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2010-11-15
ISBN: 9780080961163
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clean Coal Engineering Technology Book Excerpt:

Concern over the effects of airborne pollution, green house gases, and the impact of global warming has become a worldwide issue that transcends international boundaries, politics, and social responsibility. The 2nd Edition of Coal Energy Systems: Clean Coal Technology describes a new generation of energy processes that sharply reduce air emissions and other pollutants from coal-burning power plants. Coal is the dirtiest of all fossil fuels. When burned, it produces emissions that contribute to global warming, create acid rain, and pollute water. With all of the interest and research surrounding nuclear energy, hydropower, and biofuels, many think that coal is finally on its way out. However, coal generates half of the electricity in the United States and throughout the world today. It will likely continue to do so as long as it's cheap and plentiful [Source: Energy Information Administration]. Coal provides stability in price and availability, will continue to be a major source of electricity generation, will be the major source of hydrogen for the coming hydrogen economy, and has the potential to become an important source of liquid fuels. Conservation and renewable/sustainable energy are important in the overall energy picture, but will play a lesser role in helping us satisfy our energy demands today. Dramatically updated to meet the needs of an ever changing energy market, Coal Energy Systems, 2nd Edition is a single source covering policy and the engineering involved in implementing that policy. The book addresses many coal-related subjects of interest ranging from the chemistry of coal and the future engineering anatomy of a coal fired plant to the cutting edge clean coal technologies being researched and utilized today. A 50% update over the first edition, this new book contains new chapters on processes such as CO2 capture and sequestration, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems, Pulverized-Coal Power Plants and Carbon Emission Trading. Existing materials on worldwide coal distribution and quantities, technical and policy issues regarding the use of coal, technologies used and under development for utilizing coal to produce heat, electricity, and chemicals with low environmental impact, vision for utilizing coal well into the 21st century, and the security coal presents. Clean Liquids and Gaseous Fuels from Coal for Electric Power Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems Pulverized-Coal Power Plants Advanced Coal-Based Power Plants Fluidized-Bed Combustion Technology CO2 capture and sequestration

Low Carbon Development

Low Carbon Development
Author: Frauke Urban,Johan Nordensvard
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN: 1136266682
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Low Carbon Development Book Excerpt:

Low Carbon Development: Key Issues is the first comprehensive textbook to address the interface between international development and climate change in a carbon constrained world. It discusses the key conceptual, empirical and policy-related issues of low carbon development and takes an international and interdisciplinary approach to the subject by drawing on insights from across the natural sciences and social sciences whilst embedding the discussion in a global context. The first part explores the concept of low carbon development and explains the need for low carbon development in a carbon constrained world. The book then discusses the key issues of socio-economic, political and technological nature for low carbon development, exploring topics such as the political economy, social justice, financing and carbon markets, and technologies and innovation for low carbon development. This is followed by key issues for low carbon development in policy and practice, which is presented based on cross-cutting issues such as low carbon energy, forestry, agriculture and transportation. Afterwards, practical case studies are discussed from low carbon development in low income countries in Africa, middle income countries in Asia and Latin America and high income countries in Europe and North America. Written by an international team of leading academics and practitioners in the field of low carbon development, this book is essential reading for students, academics, professionals and policy-makers interested in the fields of low carbon development, climate change mitigation, climate policy, climate change and development, global environmental change, and environment and development.

Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability

Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability
Author: Jiří J Klemeš
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2015-01-20
ISBN: 0128022337
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability answers the question “what are the available methodologies to assess the environmental sustainability of a product, system or process? Multiple well-known authors share their expertise in order to give a broad perspective of this issue from a chemical and environmental engineering perspective. This mathematical, quantitative book includes many case studies to assist with the practical application of environmental and sustainability methods. Readers learn how to efficiently assess and use these methods. This book summarizes all relevant environmental methodologies to assess the sustainability of a product and tools, in order to develop more green products or processes. With life cycle assessment as its main methodology, this book speaks to engineers interested in environmental impact and sustainability. Helps engineers to assess, evaluate, and measure sustainability in industry Provides workable approaches to environmental and sustainability assessment Readers learn tools to assess the sustainability of a process or product and to design it in an environmentally friendly way

Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency
Author: Zoran Morvaj
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2012-03-16
ISBN: 9535103407
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Efficiency Book Excerpt:

Energy efficiency is finally a common sense term. Nowadays almost everyone knows that using energy more efficiently saves money, reduces the emissions of greenhouse gasses and lowers dependence on imported fossil fuels. We are living in a fossil age at the peak of its strength. Competition for securing resources for fuelling economic development is increasing, price of fuels will increase while availability of would gradually decline. Small nations will be first to suffer if caught unprepared in the midst of the struggle for resources among the large players. Here it is where energy efficiency has a potential to lead toward the natural next step - transition away from imported fossil fuels! Someone said that the only thing more harmful then fossil fuel is fossilized thinking. It is our sincere hope that some of chapters in this book will influence you to take a fresh look at the transition to low carbon economy and the role that energy efficiency can play in that process.

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power
Author: Pavel Tsvetkov
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2010-08-17
ISBN: 9533071109
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Power Book Excerpt:

The world of the twenty first century is an energy consuming society. Due to increasing population and living standards, each year the world requires more energy and new efficient systems for delivering it. Furthermore, the new systems must be inherently safe and environmentally benign. These realities of today's world are among the reasons that lead to serious interest in deploying nuclear power as a sustainable energy source. Today's nuclear reactors are safe and highly efficient energy systems that offer electricity and a multitude of co-generation energy products ranging from potable water to heat for industrial applications. The goal of the book is to show the current state-of-the-art in the covered technical areas as well as to demonstrate how general engineering principles and methods can be applied to nuclear power systems.

Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems

Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems
Author: Boaz Moselle,Jorge Padilla,Richard Schmalensee
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2010-09-23
ISBN: 1136522131
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems Book Excerpt:

Reflecting its reliance on fossil fuels, the electric power industry produces the majority of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. The need for a revolution in the industry becomes further apparent given that 'decarbonization' means an increasing electrification of other sectors of the economyin particular, through a switch from gasoline to electric vehicles. Of the options for producing electric power without significant greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy is most attractive to policymakers, as it promises increased national self-reliance on energy supplies and the creation of new industries and jobs, without the safety and political concerns of nuclear power or the unproven technology of carbon capture and storage. Drawing on both economic theory and the experiences of the United States and EU member states, Harnessing Renewable Energy addresses the key questions surrounding renewable energy policies. How appropriate is the focus on renewable power as a primary tool for reducing greenhouse gas emissions? If renewable energy is given specific support, what form should that support take? What are the implications for power markets if renewable generation is widely adopted? Thorough and well-evidenced, this book will be of interest to a broad range of policymakers, the electric power industry, and economists who study energy and environmental issues.

Energy and Behaviour

Energy and Behaviour
Author: Marta Lopes,Carlos Henggeler Antunes,Kathryn B. Janda
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2019-11-25
ISBN: 0128185686
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy and Behaviour Book Excerpt:

Changes to energy behaviour — the role of people and organisations in energy production, use and efficiency — are critical to supporting a societal transition towards a low carbon and more sustainable future. However, which changes need to be made, by whom, and with what technologies are still very much under discussion. This book, developed by a diverse range of experts, presents an international and multi-faceted approach to the sociotechnical challenge of engaging people in energy systems and vice versa. By providing a multidisciplinary view of this field, it encourages critical thinking about core theories, quantitative and qualitative methodologies, and policy challenges. It concludes by addressing new areas where additional evidence is required for interventions and policy-making. It is designed to appeal to new entrants in the energy-efficiency and behaviour field, particularly those taking a quantitative approach to the topic. Concurrently, it recognizes ecological economist Herman Daly’s insight: what really counts is often not countable. Introduces the major disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches to understanding energy and behaviour Delivers a cross-sectoral overview including energy behaviour in buildings, industry, transportation, smart grids, and smart cities Reviews a selection of innovative energy behaviour modelling approaches, including agent-based modelling, optimization, and decision support Critically addresses the importance of interventions, policies, and regulatory design

Evolution of Global Electricity Markets

Evolution of Global Electricity Markets
Author: Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 880
Release: 2013-06-10
ISBN: 0123979064
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution of Global Electricity Markets Book Excerpt:

Get the latest on rapidly evolving global electricity markets direct from the scholars and thought leaders who are shaping reform. In this volume, dozens of world-class experts from diverse regions provide a comprehensive assessment of the relevant issues in today’s electricity markets. Amid a seething backdrop of rising energy prices, concerns about environmental degradation, and the introduction of distributed sources and smart grids, increasingly stringent demands are being placed on the electric power sector to provide a more reliable, efficient delivery infrastructure, and more rational, cost-reflective prices. This book maps out the electric industry’s new paradigms, challenges and approaches, providing invaluable global perspective on this host of new and pressing issues being investigated by research institutions worldwide. Companies engaged in the power sector’s extensive value chain including utilities, generation, transmission & distribution companies, retailers, suppliers, regulators, market designers, and the investment & financial rating community will benefit from gaining a more nuanced understanding of the impacts of key market design and restructuring choices. How can problems be avoided? Why do some restructured markets appear to function better than others? Which technological implementations represent the best investments? Which regulatory mechanisms will best support these new technologies? What lessons can be learned from experiences in Norway, Australia, Texas, or the U.K.? These questions and many more are undertaken by the brightest minds in the industry in this one comprehensive, cutting-edge resource. Features a unique global perspective from more than 40 recognized experts and scholars around the world, offering opportunities to compare and contrast a wide range of market structures Analyzes how the implementation of existing and developing market designs impacts real-world issues such as pricing and reliability Explains the latest thinking on timely issues such as current market reform proposals, restructuring, liberalization, privatization, capacity and energy markets, distributed and renewable energy integration, competitive generation and retail markets, and disaggregated vs. vertically integrated systems

Renewable Electricity

Renewable Electricity
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electric power production
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Electricity Book Excerpt:

Economics of Nuclear Power

Economics of Nuclear Power
Author: Geoffrey Rothwell
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2018-12-07
ISBN: 1317511778
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics of Nuclear Power Book Excerpt:

This book is a unique introduction to the economic costs of nuclear power. It examines the future of the nuclear power industry and unpacks the complicated relationships between its technical, economic and political variables. It does so by modelling the costs, risks and uncertainties of one of the world’s most opaque industries using micro-econometrics, econometrics, and cost engineering. Economics of Nuclear Power examines the very important costs of externalities (storing of nuclear waste and the impact of a Chernobyl or Fukushima event) and compares those to the externalities of alternative carbon based energies (oil, coal, natural gas). With over 100 tables and figures this book details nuclear power production around the world - present and planned, providing a completely global focus. It also includes an overview of the past 70 years of international nuclear power developments. This book is essential reading for students, scholars and professionals interested in energy economics, nuclear engineering and energy policy.

Advanced Energy Systems Second Edition

Advanced Energy Systems  Second Edition
Author: Nikolai V. Khartchenko,Vadym M. Kharchenko
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2013-12-20
ISBN: 1482216884
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Energy Systems Second Edition Book Excerpt:

This second edition to a popular first provides a comprehensive, fully updated treatment of advanced conventional power generation and cogeneration plants, as well as alternative energy technologies. Organized into two parts: Conventional Power Generation Technology and Renewable and Emerging Clean Energy Systems, the book covers the fundamentals, analysis, design, and practical aspects of advanced energy systems, thus supplying a strong theoretical background for highly efficient energy conversion. New and enhanced topics include: Large-scale solar thermal electric and photovoltaic (PV) plants Advanced supercritical and ultra-supercritical steam power generation technologies Advanced coal- and gas-fired power plants (PP) with high conversion efficiency and low environmental impact Hybrid/integrated (i.e., fossil fuel + REN) power generation technologies, such as integrated solar combined-cycle (ISCC) Clean energy technologies, including "clean coal," H2 and fuel cell, plus integrated power and cogeneration plants (i.e., conventional PP + fuel cell stacks) Emerging trends, including magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)-generator and controlled thermonuclear fusion reactor technologies with low/zero CO2 emissions Large capacity offshore and on-land wind farms, as well as other renewable (REN) power generation technologies using hydro, geothermal, ocean, and bio energy systems Containing over 50 solved examples, plus problem sets, full figures, appendices, references, and property data, this practical guide to modern energy technologies serves energy engineering students and professionals alike in design calculations of energy systems.

Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy

Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy
Author: Benjamin K. Sovacool,Marilyn A. Brown,Scott V. Valentine
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2016-04-29
ISBN: 1421418983
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy Book Excerpt:

This book offers a much-needed critical appraisal of the central energy technology and policy dilemmas of our time and the impact of these on multiple stakeholders.

The Economics of Renewable Energy

The Economics of Renewable Energy
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Select Committee on Economic Affairs
Publsiher: The Stationery Office
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2008-11-25
ISBN: 9780104013755
Category: Renewable energy sources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Economics of Renewable Energy Book Excerpt:

economics of renewable Energy : Recent developments, 4th report of session 2007-08, Vol. 2: Evidence