Genetically Modified Plants and Beyond

Genetically Modified Plants and Beyond
Author: Idah Sithole-Niang
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2022-05-18
ISBN: 1839698756
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Plants and Beyond Book Excerpt:

Genetically Modified Plants and Beyond takes a fresh look at methodologies used in developing crop plants, discusses genome editing, and interrogates the regulatory approaches that different countries are proposing to use to regulate genetically modified (GM) vs genome-edited crop plants. The book focuses on root and tuber crops, ginger, and industrial/oil seed crops. A chapter on the production of pharmaceuticals in plants is also included. Going beyond the usual debate, the book includes case studies from Africa on the adoption of GM crops.

High Tech Harvest

High Tech Harvest
Author: Paul Lurquin
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2007-10-15
ISBN: 0465009921
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Tech Harvest Book Excerpt:

Genetically engineered plant products line the shelves of our grocery stores but we don't know which ones they are because no label identifies them. Should we be concerned? Biotech companies claim that engineered corn and canola are safe, but are they telling the truth? Should we, like the Europeans, be engaging in violent protests against biotechnology? In High Tech Harvest , Paul Lurquin answers these questions and more, believing that the public has a right to know and understand how its food is manipulated at the most basic level, that of the DNA itself. With the goal to inform, and a mission to reinforce the importance of the scientific method, Paul Lurquin writes a comprehensive and user-friendly description of the scientific origins, the development, and the applications of genetically modified plants throughout the world today.

Genetically Modified Planet

Genetically Modified Planet
Author: C. Neal Stewart Jr.
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2004-08-19
ISBN: 0199882703
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Planet Book Excerpt:

Genetically modified plants are currently causing controversy worldwide; a great deal has been written about their supposed environmental effects. However, the newspaper headlines and public debates often provide a level of reasoning akin to "this is your brain on genetically modified corn," which is to say, they exclude or exaggerate the actual scientific research on the impacts of these plants. Genetically Modified Planet goes beyond the rhetoric to investigate for concerned consumers the actual state of scientific research on genetically modified plants. Stewart argues that while there are indeed real and potential risks of growing engineered crops, there are also real and overwhelmingly positive environmental benefits.

The New Alchemists

The New Alchemists
Author: Mariano Bizzarri
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1845646622
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Alchemists Book Excerpt:

Fifteen years after the first genetically modified (GM) seeds and food, only four GM plants have achieved significant market positions: corn, cotton, rapeseed and soybeans. Most of the other new constructs have caused unsolved problems or are only at the project stage, demonstrating the complexity of the task facing biotech companies. Doubts are also emerging about the real economic and agronomic benefits of genetically modified organisms. Little is known about their potential for upsetting environmental biodiversity in an irreversible way. Worries about their impact on human health have not been dispelled but have increased with the evident incapacity of current international standards to ensure controls and enforcement. Reliable risk assessment models and methodologies have not yet been developed and cannot be expected soon: this makes it impossible to assess the nature (qualitative aspects) and extent (quantitative aspects) of the risks, and prevents estimates based on the risk/benefit ratio. In this situation it seems prudent to resort to the precautionary principle, defined in the Cartagena Protocol and incorporated in the Rio Declaration. The stakes are high and discussion needs to be brought to a level of scientific proof that leaves no room for ambiguity or alibis. Governments, companies and scientists must be called to respond to the specific questions raised by the vast scientific literature. There have been too many accusations of poor science and too many unproven claims and statements, symptomatic of conflicts of interest. It is time for fair debate with all sides on an equal footing.

Genetically Modified Food

Genetically Modified Food
Author: Tamara Thompson
Publsiher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
Total Pages: 141
Release: 2014-11-19
ISBN: 0737771704
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Food Book Excerpt:

This collection of essays explores whether genetically modified foods are safe to eat, how the environment is impacted by GM foods, and the effectiveness of government regulation around GM foods.

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: P. B. Kavi Kishor,Manchikatla Venkat Rajam,T. Pullaiah
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2020-11-03
ISBN: 9811558973
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Excerpt:

Genetic transformation is a key technology, in which genes are transferred from one organism to another in order to improve agronomic traits and ultimately help humans. However, there is apprehension in some quarters that genetically modified crops may disturb the ecosystem. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to protest against GM crops and foods, despite the fact that many organisms are genetically modified naturally in the course of evolution. In this context, there is a need to educate the public about the importance of GM crops in terms of food and nutritional security. This book provides an overview of various crop plants where genetic transformation has been successfully implemented to improve their agronomically useful traits. It includes information on the gene(s) transferred, the method of gene transfer and the beneficial effects of these gene transfers and agronomic improvements compared to the wild plants. Further, it discusses the commercial prospects of these GM crops as well as the associated challenges. Given its scope, this book is a valuable resource for agricultural and horticultural scientists/experts wanting to explain to the public, politicians and non-governmental organizations the details of GM crops and how they can improve crops and the lives of farmers.

Genetically Modified Food

Genetically Modified Food
Author: Jeri Freedman
Publsiher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Total Pages: 67
Release: 2009-01-15
ISBN: 1435856740
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Food Book Excerpt:

Throughout the world today the debate still rages over whether genetically modified food is a blessing or a curse. On one hand, genetically modified food allows farmers to grow crops in places where standard crops won't grow. They can also reduce people's reliance on dangerous pesticides. On the other hand, there is much that is still unknown about such foods, and their effects on human and animal health, the environment, local economies, and biodiversity. In this book, readers learn about all these issues and concerns so that they can gain an understanding of the effects that raising and consuming genetically modified organisms have on the environment and on their bodies.

Genetically Modified Crops and Food

Genetically Modified Crops and Food
Author: Natalie Regis
Publsiher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2015-07-15
ISBN: 1622755782
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops and Food Book Excerpt:

This resource covers one of the most contentious and politically charged topics today. The history of agriculture is traced, from ancient practices to the use and impact of modern technology and the advances of scientific agriculture. The book explains the reactions of scientists, farmers, chefs, and medical doctors to the scientific changes in agriculture, which have ranged from support to skepticism, and shows how different governments around the world view the inclusion of GMOs in food. The unbiased approach allows readers to decide for themselves whether GMOs are the answer to world hunger or could negatively impact the health of the world population.

Transgenic Plants in Agriculture

Transgenic Plants in Agriculture
Author: Axel Kahn
Publsiher: John Libbey Eurotext
Total Pages: 158
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9782742002016
Category: Crops
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transgenic Plants in Agriculture Book Excerpt:

Axel Kahn's book, published late in 1996, which provided an overview of the opinions expressed by the Commission of Biomolecular Engineering about genetically modified plants, was a great success. Given the scale and importance of the phenomenon, the French Ministry of Agriculture and publishers John Libbey Eurotext have decided to publish an English-language version of this fundamental book about the introduction and development of genetically modified plants. For some years now, plant biotechnology, especially genetic engineering, has enabled us to modify the cycle of plant production, strengthening resistance to weedkillers and pests, improving yields and quality, adapting plants to unfavourable environments and creating new species. In France, the Biomolecular Engineering Commission (CGB) is responsible for authorising the marketing of these modified products. Over the past ten years it has certified 450 new products for public consumption. This book, which is suitable for the general public, reports on the experience acquired by the CGB and the studies it has conducted: What are the potential risks associated with so-called transgenetic plants? Are there any undetectable phenomena involved? - How can such plants be produced more safely? Axel Kahn is a world-renowned geneticist and clinician, chaired the Biomolecular Engineering Commission until 1998. Here he explains the "philosophy" of the CGB, which has gained unrivalled experience in Europe, and sets out ethical and scientific guidelines for the use of genetic engineering techniques.

GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS 2N

GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS  2N
Author: Nigel G. Halford
Publsiher: Imperial College Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2011-11-01
ISBN: 9781911299752
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS 2N Book Excerpt:

Plant molecular biology came to the fore in the early 1980s and there has been tremendous growth in the subject since then. The study of plant genes and genomes and the development of techniques for the incorporation of novel or modified genes into plants eventually led to the commercialisation of genetically modified (GM) crops in the mid-1990s. This was seen as the start of a biotechnological revolution in plant breeding. However, plant biotechnology has become one of the hottest debates of the age and, in Europe at least, one of the greatest challenges that plant scientists have ever faced.This book covers the history and development of the science and techniques that underpin plant biotechnology. It describes the GM crops that are or have been grown commercially around the world, including failures as well as successes, and the new varieties that are being developed. The safety record of GM crops is reviewed together with the legislation that has been adopted to cover their use. The book also deals with the concerns of consumers, the GM crop debate and the prospects for the technology. In the second edition, sections on current GM crops and future developments in plant biotechnology have been greatly expanded, while those on techniques, legislation and the GM crop debate have also been updated.The book is a concise, comprehensive and readable study that is accessible to a general readership with a scientific background but also provides useful information for the specialist.

GMOs Decoded

GMOs Decoded
Author: Sheldon Krimsky
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN: 0262039192
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GMOs Decoded Book Excerpt:

The debate over genetically modified organisms: health and safety concerns, environmental impact, and scientific opinions. Since they were introduced to the market in the late 1990s, GMOs (genetically modified organisms, including genetically modified crops), have been subject to a barrage of criticism. Agriculture has welcomed this new technology, but public opposition has been loud and scientific opinion mixed. In GMOs Decoded, Sheldon Krimsky examines the controversies over GMOs—health and safety concerns, environmental issues, the implications for world hunger, and the scientific consensus (or lack of one). He explores the viewpoints of a range of GMO skeptics, from public advocacy groups and nongovernmental organizations to scientists with differing views on risk and environmental impact. Krimsky explains the differences between traditional plant breeding and “molecular breeding” through genetic engineering (GE); describes early GMO products, including the infamous Flavr Savr tomato; and discusses herbicide-, disease-, and insect-resistant GE plants. He considers the different American and European approaches to risk assessment, dueling scientific interpretations of plant genetics, and the controversy over labeling GMO products. He analyzes a key 2016 report from the National Academies of Sciences on GMO health effects and considers the controversy over biofortified rice (Golden Rice)—which some saw as a humanitarian project and others as an exercise in public relations. Do GMO crops hold promise or peril? By offering an accessible review of the risks and benefits of GMO crops, and a guide to the controversies over them, Krimsky helps readers judge for themselves.

Critical Perspectives on Genetically Modified Crops and Food

Critical Perspectives on Genetically Modified Crops and Food
Author: Susan Gordon
Publsiher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2006-01-15
ISBN: 9781404205413
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Perspectives on Genetically Modified Crops and Food Book Excerpt:

Primary and secondary source documents discuss the evolution of genetically modified crops, their impact on society, and the laws that govern their use and sale.

Genetically Modified Plants

Genetically Modified Plants
Author: George T. Tzotzos,Roger Hull,Graham P. Head
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2009
ISBN: 9780123741066
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Plants Book Excerpt:

A transgenic organism is a plant, animal, bacterium, or other living organism that has had a foreign gene added to it by means of genetic engineering. Transgenic plants can arise by natural movement of genes between species, by cross-pollination based hybridization between different plant species (which is a common event in flowering plant evolution), or by laboratory manipulations by artificial insertion of genes from another species. Methods used in traditional breeding that generate transgenic plants by non-recombinant methods are widely familiar to professional plant scientists, and serve important roles in securing a sustainable future for agriculture by protecting crops from pest and helping land and water to be used more efficiently. There is worldwide interest in the biosafety issues related to transgenic crops because of issues such as increased pesticide use, increased crop and weed resistance to pesticides, gene flow to related plant species, negative effects on nontarget organisms, and reduced crop and ecosystem diversity. This book is intended to provide the basic information for a wide range of people involved in the release of transgenic crops. These will include scientists and researchers in the initial stage of developing transgenic products, industrialists, and decision makers. It will be of particular interest to plant scientists taking up biotechnological approaches to agricultural improvement for developing nations. * Discusses traditional and future technology for genetic modification * Compares conventional non-GM approaches and genetic modification * Presents a risk assessment methodology for GM techniques * Details mitigation techniques for human and environmental effects

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: P. B. Kavi Kishor,Manchikatla Venkat Rajam,T. Pullaiah
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 337
Release: 2020-10-08
ISBN: 9811559325
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Excerpt:

Genetic transformation is a key technology, in which genes are transferred from one organism to another in order to improve agronomic traits and ultimately help humans. However, there is concern in some quarters that genetically modified crops may disturb the ecosystem. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to protest against GM crops and foods, despite the fact that many organisms are genetically modified naturally in the course of evolution. In this context, there is a need to educate the public about the importance of GM crops in terms of food and nutritional security. This book provides an overview of various crop plants where genetic transformation has been successfully implemented to improve their agronomically useful traits. It includes information on the gene(s) transferred, the method of gene transfer and the beneficial effects of these gene transfers and the agronomic improvements compared to the wild plants. Further, it discusses the commercial prospects of these GM crops as well as the associated challenges. Given its scope, this book is a valuable resource for agricultural and horticultural scientists/experts wanting to explain to the public, politicians and non-governmental organizations the details of GM crops and how they can improve crops and the lives of farmers. It also appeals to researchers and postgraduate students. This volume focuses on the transgenics of mungbean, cowpea, chickpea, cotton, mulberrry, Jatropha, fingermillet, papaya, citrus plants and cassava. It also discusses CRISPR edited lines.

GM Crops and the Global Divide

GM Crops and the Global Divide
Author: Jennifer Thomson
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2021-01-20
ISBN: 1486312667
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GM Crops and the Global Divide Book Excerpt:

Attitudes to GM crops continue to generate tension, even though they have been grown commercially for over 20 years. Negative sentiment towards their development limits their adoption in Western countries, despite there being no evidence of harm to human health. These unfounded concerns about genetically modified crops have also inhibited uptake in many countries throughout Africa and Asia, having a major impact on agricultural productivity and preventing the widespread cultivation of potentially life-saving crops. GM Crops and the Global Divide traces the historical importance that European attitudes to past colonial influences, aid, trade and educational involvement have had on African leaders and their people. The detrimental impact that these attitudes have on agricultural productivity and food security continues to be of growing importance, especially in light of climate change, drought and the potential rise in sea levels – the effects of which could be mitigated by the cultivation of GM and gene-edited crops. Following on from her previous books Genes for Africa, GM Crops: The Impact and the Potential and Food for Africa, Jennifer Thomson unravels the reasons behind these negative attitudes towards GM crop production. By addressing the detrimental effects that anti-GM opinions have on nutrition security in developing countries and providing a clear account of the science to counter these attitudes, she hopes to highlight and ultimately bridge this global divide.

GMOs

GMOs
Author: Anurag Chaurasia,David L. Hawksworth,Manoela Pessoa de Miranda
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 667
Release: 2020-11-30
ISBN: 303053183X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GMOs Book Excerpt:

This book covers a broad spectrum of topics related to GMOs and allied new gene-based technologies, biodiversity, and ecosystem processes, bringing together the contributions of researchers and regulators from around the world. The aim is to offer a clear view of the benefits and effects of genetically modified crops, insects, and other animals on the soil microbiome and ecological processes. Contributors examine issues related to the development of risk assessment procedures and regulations designed to maximize benefits while minimizing risks. Beyond the scientific challenges of GMOs, the book explores the broad and contentious terrain of ethical considerations. The contributors discuss such questions as the unintended, possibly unforeseen, consequences of releasing GMOs into ecosystems, and the likelihood that the full effects of GMOs could take years, even decades, of close monitoring to become evident. The importance of developing a precautionary approach is stressed. The final chapter describes the critical issues of governance and regulation of new and emerging gene-based technologies, as nations grapple with the consequences of adopting the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB). The volume includes an extensive Annex which outlines legal perspectives on the state of GMO governance around the world, with more than 20 examples from nations in Africa, South and Central America, Asia, Australasia, and Europe.

Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific

Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific
Author: Mao Chen,G Gujar,Y Andi Trisyono
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2021-02-01
ISBN: 1486310923
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific Book Excerpt:

Meeting future food needs without compromising environmental integrity is a central challenge for agriculture globally but especially for the Asia Pacific region – where 60% of the global population, including some of the world’s poorest, live on only 30% of the land mass. To guarantee the food security of this and other regions, growers worldwide are rapidly adopting genetically modified (GM) crops as the forerunner to protect against many biotic and abiotic stresses. Asia Pacific countries play an important role in this, with India, China and Pakistan appearing in the top 10 countries with acreage of GM crops, primarily devoted to Bt cotton. Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific discusses the progress of GM crop adoption across the Asia Pacific region over the past two decades, including research, development, adoption and sustainability, as well as the cultivation of insect resistant Bt brinjal, drought-tolerant sugarcane, late blight resistant potato and biotech rice more specific to this region. Regulatory efforts of the Asia Pacific member nations to ensure the safety of GM crops to both humans and the environment are also outlined to provide impetus in other countries initiating biotech crops. The authors also probe into some aspects of gene editing and nanobiotechnology to expand the scope into next generation GM crops, including the potential to grow crops in acidic soil, reduce methane production, remove poisonous elements from plants and improve overall nutritional quality. Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific provides a comprehensive reference not only for academics, researchers and private sectors in crop systems but also policy makers in the Asia Pacific region. Beyond this region, readers will benefit from understanding how GM crops have been integrated into many different countries and, in particular, the effects of the take-up of GM cropping systems by farmers with different socioeconomic backgrounds.

Introgression from Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives

Introgression from Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives
Author: Hans C. M. den Nijs,Detlef Bartsch,Jeremy Sweet
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2004
ISBN: 085199816X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introgression from Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives Book Excerpt:

Hybridization, transgene, crop, gene flow, resistant.

Genes for Africa

Genes for Africa
Author: Jennifer A. Thomson
Publsiher: Juta and Company Ltd
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9781919713571
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genes for Africa Book Excerpt:

Jennifer Thomson separates fact from fiction and explains why and how GM crops can help us combat poverty, starvation and disease in the developing world, in a safe and responsible way. She explains the technology and looks at the differences and similarities between genetic modification, conventional plant breeding, and natural processes such as cross pollination and mutations. There are chapters devoted to controversial issues such as food safety (for GM crops and organically grown food), patents labelling, regulations and controls, and a section dealing with frequently-asked questions. It ends with a focus on Africa and possible future developments in GM technology. Technical terms are explained and appendices provide additional information on testing for allergens, horizontal gene transfer, and international food safety assessment documents. For those who wish to explore the subject further, it also provides a list of more than 60 web sites dealing with issues related to the GM debate.

The Green Phoenix

The Green Phoenix
Author: Paul F. Lurquin
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2001-09-05
ISBN: 0231122632
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Green Phoenix Book Excerpt:

Providing the first account of the story behind genetically engineered plants, Paul F. Lurquin covers the controversial birth of the field, its sudden death, phoenixlike reemergence, and ultimate triumph as not only a legitimate field of science but a new tool of multinational corporate interests. In addition, Lurquin looks ahead to the potential impact this revolutionary technology will have on human welfare. As Lurquin shows, it was the intense competition between international labs that resulted in the creation of the first transgenic plants. Two very different approaches to plant genetic engineering came to fruition at practically the same time, and Lurquin's account demonstrates how cross-fertilization between the two areas was critical to success. The scientists concerned were trying to tackle some very basic scientific problems and did not foresee the way that corporations would apply their methodology. With detailed accounts of the work of individual scientists and teams all over the world, Lurquin pieces together a remarkable account.