Geochemical Anomaly and Mineral Prospectivity Mapping in GIS

Geochemical Anomaly and Mineral Prospectivity Mapping in GIS
Author: E.J.M. Carranza
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2008-11-26
ISBN: 9780080930312
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemical Anomaly and Mineral Prospectivity Mapping in GIS Book Excerpt:

The book documents and explains, in three parts, geochemical anomaly and mineral prospectivity mapping by using a geographic information system (GIS). Part I reviews and couples the concepts of (a) mapping geochemical anomalies and mineral prospectivity and (b) spatial data models, management and operations in a GIS. Part II demonstrates GIS-aided and GIS-based techniques for analysis of robust thresholds in mapping of geochemical anomalies. Part III explains GIS-aided and GIS-based techniques for spatial data analysis and geo-information sybthesis for conceptual and predictive modeling of mineral prospectivity. Because methods of geochemical anomaly mapping and mineral potential mapping are highly specialized yet diverse, the book explains only methods in which GIS plays an important role. The book avoids using language and functional organization of particular commercial GIS software, but explains, where necessary, GIS functionality and spatial data structures appropriate to problems in geochemical anomaly mapping and mineral potential mapping. Because GIS-based methods of spatial data analysis and spatial data integration are quantitative, which can be complicated to non-numerate readers, the book simplifies explanations of mathematical concepts and their applications so that the methods demonstrated would be useful to professional geoscientists, to mineral explorationists and to research students in fields that involve analysis and integration of maps or spatial datasets. The book provides adequate illustrations for more thorough explanation of the various concepts. *Explains GIS functionality and spatial data structures appropriate regardless of the particular GIS software in use *Simplifies explanation of mathematical concepts and application *Illustrated for more thorough explanation of concepts

Applied Geochemistry

Applied Geochemistry
Author: Athanas S. Macheyeki,Dalaly Peter Kafumu,Feng Yuan,Xiaohui Li
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2020-02-14
ISBN: 0128194952
Category: Geochemical prospecting
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Geochemistry Book Excerpt:

Applied Geochemistry: Advances in Mineral Exploration Techniques is a book targeting all levels of exploration geologists, geology students and geoscientists working in the mining industry. This reference book covers mineral exploration techniques from multiple dimensions, including the application of statistics - both principal component analysis and factor analysis - to multifractal modeling. The book explains these approaches step-by-step and gives their limitations. In addition to techniques and applications in mineral exploration, Applied Geochemistry describes mineral deposits and the theories underpinning their formation through worldwide case studies. Includes both conventional and nonconventional techniques for mineral exploration, including lithogeochemical methods Highlights the importance and applications of multifractal models, 3D - mineral prospectivity modeling Features case studies from mines and mineral exploration ventures around the world

Geomathematics Theoretical Foundations Applications and Future Developments

Geomathematics  Theoretical Foundations  Applications and Future Developments
Author: Frits Agterberg
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 553
Release: 2014-07-14
ISBN: 3319068741
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geomathematics Theoretical Foundations Applications and Future Developments Book Excerpt:

This book provides a wealth of geomathematical case history studies performed by the author during his career at the Ministry of Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada (NRCan-GSC). Several of the techniques newly developed by the author and colleagues that are described in this book have become widely adopted, not only for further research by geomathematical colleagues, but by government organizations and industry worldwide. These include Weights-of-Evidence modelling, mineral resource estimation technology, trend surface analysis, automatic stratigraphic correlation and nonlinear geochemical exploration methods. The author has developed maximum likelihood methodology and spline-fitting techniques for the construction of the international numerical geologic timescale. He has introduced the application of new theory of fractals and multi fractals in the geostatistical evaluation of regional mineral resources and ore reserves and to study the spatial distribution of metals in rocks. The book also contains sections deemed important by the author but that have not been widely adopted because they require further research. These include the geometry of preferred orientations of contours and edge effects on maps, time series analysis of Quaternary retreating ice sheet related sedimentary data, estimation of first and last appearances of fossil taxa from frequency distributions of their observed first and last occurrences, tectonic reactivation along pre-existing schistosity planes in fold belts, use of the grouped jackknife method for bias reduction in geometrical extrapolations and new applications of the theory of permanent, volume-independent frequency distributions.

Remote Sensing Geology

Remote Sensing Geology
Author: Ravi P. Gupta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2017-11-24
ISBN: 3662558769
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remote Sensing Geology Book Excerpt:

Over the past decade, advances in sensor technology, processing algorithms, and computational capacity have taken remote sensing to a level where observations can be transformed into quantitative measurements, and the technology can be used in near real-time for mapping, monitoring and decision-making. For the third edition, this widely acclaimed book has been fully revised, enlarged and updated. It covers remote sensing in a wide range of optical, thermal, and microwave wavelengths and their host of geologic applications featuring sample applications from around the globe. In addition, it presents state-of-the-art content on emerging themes such as atmospheric interactions, spectroscopy, spectral indices, prospectivity modelling, and multi-sensor geodata integration. The subject matter is presented at a basic level, offering students an excellent introductory text on remote sensing. Further, the main part of the book will also be of great value to active researchers. Excerpt from the review of Remote Sensing Geology (2nd ed., 2003): International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 5 (2004) 239–240 “....Graduate students, research workers and professional earth scientists will use this book to their advantage and with pleasure; it is well-written, to the point and with an emphasis on understanding the principles underlying this wide spectre of technology in its application to the earth sciences. Remote sensing is a fascinating subject; so is geology. The author has fully succeeded in providing a fascinating book that combines them in a handy volume.” Jan J. Nossin

Water Rock Interaction XIII

Water Rock Interaction XIII
Author: Peter Birkle,Ignacio Salvador Torres Alvarado
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1008
Release: 2010-10-01
ISBN: 1439862990
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Rock Interaction XIII Book Excerpt:

In the late 18th century, Neptunists and Plutonists had controversial opinions about the formation of the Earth and its lithological units. The former believed that rocks formed from the crystallization of minerals in the early Earth’s oceans, the latter believed that rocks were formed in fire. Both theories ignored the importance of continuous water-rock interaction processes at Earth ́s surface and underground, which can enhance and define the type of volcanic activity, can cause the formation of secondary hydrothermal minerals and respective ore deposits, or simply alter the natural landscape by weathering. Although not visible at first glance, water-rock interaction plays a significant role in the daily life of humans. Many primary necessities of modern society, such as the availability of high-quality drinking water, the supply of fossil fuel and renewable energy types, the abundance of precious minerals, the remediation of contaminated natural sites, and the reconnaissance of geological hazards require a profound understanding of physicochemical processes interacting between liquid, solid and gas phases. Since 1974, when the first Water-Rock Interaction Symposia (WRI-1) was held in Prague (Czechoslovakia, now the Czech Republic), the Working Group on Water-Rock Interaction of the International Association of GeoChemistry (IAGC) has organized an international meeting every three years to present and discuss the most recent results in geochemical technologies. In 2010, WRI-13 attracted about 300 geoscientists affiliated with universities, research institutions, regulatory agencies and from private industry, from 35 countries to Guanajuato, Mexico. The 231 papers published in this volume describe novel advances in research related to interactive processes between the hydrosphere and the lithosphere. Innovative field-based studies, theoretical approaches and small-scale lab experiments are applied to reconstruct and combine pieces of the complex hydrological puzzle, and to confront society ́s impact on the environment. The papers reveal details on high-temperature reactions during the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits and geothermal reservoirs, practical case studies on groundwater quality and karst systems, environmental issues by mine tailings, novel technologies for the attenuation and remediation of contaminated sites, water/mineral interfacial processes on a micro- to macroscopic scale, the kinetics of weathering during low temperature conditions, examples for the advanced modeling of flow and transport processes as well as for CO2 reservoir injection, biochemical factors in surface and underground media, and the application of novel isotope techniques in rock/water/gas systems. Special emphasis in many papers is given on environmental concerns in abandoned mining districts, the occurrence and hazards of non-metals (especially arsenic) in exploited groundwater systems, and an increasing interest in mitigating CO2 emission by its injection into underground reservoirs. The papers in this volume are of wide-ranging interest to professionals and students in Earth sciences, including geochemistry, hydrochemistry, hydrology, geology, mineralogy, volcanology and environmental sciences, but also to decision-makers and engineers involved in the management of energy and natural resources, as well as professionals concerned about environmental issues.

Mineral Exploration

Mineral Exploration
Author: Swapan Kumar Haldar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2018-07-14
ISBN: 0128140232
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral Exploration Book Excerpt:

Mineral Exploration: Principles and Applications, Second Edition, presents an interdisciplinary approach on the full scope of mineral exploration. Everything from grass root discovery, objective base sequential exploration, mining, beneficiation, extraction, economic evaluation, policies and acts, rules and regulations, sustainability, and environmental impacts is covered. Each topic is presented using theoretical approaches that are followed by specific applications that can be used in the field. This new edition features updated references, changes to rules and regulations, and new sections on oil and gas exploration and classification, air-core drilling, and smelting and refining techniques. This book is a key resource for both academics and professionals, offering both practical and applied knowledge in mineral exploration. Offers important updates to the previous edition, including sections on the cyclical nature of mineral industry, exploration for oil and gas, CHIM-electro-geochemical survey, air-core drilling, classification of oil and gas resources, smelting, and refining technologies Presents global case studies that allow readers to quickly apply exploration concepts to real-world scenarios Includes 385 illustrations and photographs to aid the reader in understanding key procedures and applications

Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Mine Planning and Equipment Selection MPES 2018

Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Mine Planning and Equipment Selection   MPES 2018
Author: Eleonora Widzyk-Capehart,Asieh Hekmat,Raj Singhal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 569
Release: 2019-02-21
ISBN: 3319992201
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Mine Planning and Equipment Selection MPES 2018 Book Excerpt:

This proceedings book presents research papers discussing the latest developments and findings in the fields of mining, machinery, automation and environmental protection. It includes contributions from authors from over 20 countries, with backgrounds in computer science, mining engineering, technology and management, and hailing from the government, industry and academia. It is of interest to scientists, engineers, consultants and government staff who are responsible for the development and implementation of innovative approaches, techniques and technologies in the mineral industries. Covering the latest advances in fundamental research, it also appeals to academic researchers.

Mineral Resources

Mineral Resources
Author: Manuel Bustillo Revuelta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 653
Release: 2017-08-23
ISBN: 3319587609
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral Resources Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive textbook covers all major topics related to the utilization of mineral resources for human activities. It begins with general concepts like definitions of mineral resources, mineral resources and humans, recycling mineral resources, distribution of minerals resources across Earth, and international standards in mining, among others. Then it turns to a classification of mineral resources, covering the main types from a geological standpoint. The exploration of mineral resources is also treated, including geophysical methods of exploration, borehole geophysical logging, geochemical methods, drilling methods, and mineral deposit models in exploration. Further, the book addresses the evaluation of mineral resources, from sampling techniques to the economic evaluation of mining projects (i.e. types and density of sampling, mean grade definition and calculation, Sichel’s estimator, evaluation methods – classical and geostatistical, economic evaluation – NPV, IRR, and PP, estimation of risk, and software for evaluating mineral resources). It subsequently describes key mineral resource exploitation methods (open pit and underground mining) and the mineral processing required to obtain saleable products (crushing, grinding, sizing, ore separation, and concentrate dewatering, also with some text devoted to tailings dams). Lastly, the book discusses the environmental impact of mining, covering all the aspects of this very important topic, from the description of diverse impacts to the environmental impact assessment (EIA), which is essential in modern mining projects.

Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data for Mineral Exploration and Environmental Monitoring of Mined Areas

Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data for Mineral Exploration and Environmental Monitoring of Mined Areas
Author: Amin Beiranvand Pour,Basem Zoheir,Biswajeet Pradhan,Mazlan Hashim
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN: 3036512640
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data for Mineral Exploration and Environmental Monitoring of Mined Areas Book Excerpt:

In recent decades, remote sensing technology has been incorporated in numerous mineral exploration projects in metallogenic provinces around the world. Multispectral and hyperspectral sensors play a significant role in affording unique data for mineral exploration and environmental hazard monitoring. This book covers the advances of remote sensing data processing algorithms in mineral exploration, and the technology can be used in monitoring and decision-making in relation to environmental mining hazard. This book presents state-of-the-art approaches on recent remote sensing and GIS-based mineral prospectivity modeling, offering excellent information to professional earth scientists, researchers, mineral exploration communities and mining companies.

3D 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe

3D  4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe
Author: Pär Weihed
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2015-07-24
ISBN: 3319174282
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe Book Excerpt:

This book presents the results of the major EU project Promine. For the first time there is now a European database available on mineral deposits, as well as 3D, 4D and predictive models of major mineral belts in Europe: Fennoscandia (Skellefteå and Vihanti-Pyhäsalmi), the Fore-Sudetic basin (Kupferschiefer deposits in Poland and Germany), the Hellenic belt in northern Greece, and the Iberian Pyrite belt and Ossa Morena zone in Spain and Portugal. The book also describes the modelling techniques applied and how different types of software are used for three- and four-dimensional modelling. Furthermore, fundamental descriptions of how to build the database structure of three-dimensional geological data are provided and both 2D and 3D predictive models are presented for the main mineral belts of Europe.

Innovative and Applied Research on Platinum Group and Rare Earth Elements

Innovative and Applied Research on Platinum Group and Rare Earth Elements
Author: Federica Zaccarini,Maria Economou-Eliopoulos,Giorgio Garuti
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-12-10
ISBN: 3039365975
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovative and Applied Research on Platinum Group and Rare Earth Elements Book Excerpt:

This book (Special Issue) presents the geological environment, physical/chemical properties, and crystallographic data for two new minerals associated with chromitites from the Othrys ophiolite complex: Eliopoulosite, V7S8/IMA2019-96, and Grammatikopoulosite, NiVP/IMA2019-090. The distribution, mineralogy, and field relationships of PGE-enriched ores, which are important for our understanding of the metallogenic controls on the concentration of PGE and their exploration, are addressed in papers, providing (a) the first detailed data on the chromitites and platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization from Ulan-Sar’dag ophiolite, Central Asian Fold Belt/East Sayan, Russia, (b) peculiarities on the distribution of PGE in arsenopyrites and pyrites from the Natalkinskoe gold ore deposit, NE Russia, and (c) the occurrence of zoned laurite found in the Merensky Reef of the Bushveld layered intrusion, South Africa, characterized by textural/compositional features suggesting “hydrothermal” origin. Two papers deal with (a) the rare earth element (REE) distribution in various mineral deposits of Sweden, obtained during the EURARE project, and their application to the exploration of REE and (b) the optimization of the beneficiation process for the REE recovery from black sands. Five papers provide new data of genetic and exploration significance on trace elements, including REE and PGE in various ore-types, and factors controlling the Cr stable isotope (δ53Cr values) in chromitites from the Balkan peninsula.

Mineral Exploration Practical Application

Mineral Exploration  Practical Application
Author: G.S. Roonwal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2017-08-22
ISBN: 9811056048
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral Exploration Practical Application Book Excerpt:

The book introduces essential concept of mineral exploration, mine evaluation and resource assessment of the discovered mineral deposit to students, beginners and professionals. The book is divided into nine chapters which will help the readers to incorporate the concepts of search for mineral deposits and understand the chances of success. The book discusses the fundamental details like composition of earth and mineral resources, formation of rock and mineral deposits, and the attempt to search for ore deposits to advance applications of remote sensing in mineral exploration. It also covers the details on how to conduct system of survey, evaluation, and how to arrive at a decision to open and carryout further exploration in the operating mine. The book shall be of great interest to geologists and mining community.

Systems and Software Development Modeling and Analysis New Perspectives and Methodologies

Systems and Software Development  Modeling  and Analysis  New Perspectives and Methodologies
Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2014-05-31
ISBN: 1466660996
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems and Software Development Modeling and Analysis New Perspectives and Methodologies Book Excerpt:

In the digital age, technological solutions are being developed and integrated into every aspect of our everyday lives. The ever-changing scope of research in systems and software advancements allows for further improvements and applications. Systems and Software Development, Modeling, and Analysis: New Perspectives and Methodologies presents diverse, interdisciplinary research on topics pertaining to the management, integration, evaluation, and architecture of modern computational systems and software. Presenting the most up-to-date research in this rapidly evolving field, this title is ideally designed for use by computer engineers, academicians, graduate and post-graduate students, and computer science researchers.

Dictionary of Mathematical Geosciences

Dictionary of Mathematical Geosciences
Author: Richard J. Howarth
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 893
Release: 2017-05-27
ISBN: 3319573152
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dictionary of Mathematical Geosciences Book Excerpt:

This dictionary includes a number of mathematical, statistical and computing terms and their definitions to assist geoscientists and provide guidance on the methods and terminology encountered in the literature. Each technical term used in the explanations can be found in the dictionary which also includes explanations of basics, such as trigonometric functions and logarithms. There are also citations from the relevant literature to show the term’s first use in mathematics, statistics, etc. and its subsequent usage in geosciences.

Groundwater

Groundwater
Author: Modreck Gomo
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2019-05-22
ISBN: 1838805141
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Groundwater Book Excerpt:

This book covers aspects of groundwater resource characterisation and management. The inherent heterogeneous and isotropic nature of aquifers coupled with the unpredictable effects of climate change calls for continuous improvement and understanding of hydrogeology site characterisation techniques in theory and application to better understand and manage groundwater. We believe that this book will be useful for various professionals involved in groundwater-related work to improve the theoretical and practical understanding of hydrogeology site characterisation techniques and groundwater resource management skills.

Geoscience for Society 125th Anniversary Volume

Geoscience for Society 125th Anniversary Volume
Author: Keijo Nenonen,Pekka A. Nurmi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2011
ISBN: 9789522171368
Category: Geology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geoscience for Society 125th Anniversary Volume Book Excerpt:

Novel Methods and Applications for Mineral Exploration

Novel Methods and Applications for Mineral Exploration
Author: Paul Alexandre
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2020-05-20
ISBN: 3039289438
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Novel Methods and Applications for Mineral Exploration Book Excerpt:

This special volume offers a snapshot of the latest developments in mineral exploration, in particular, geophysical, geochemical, and computational methods. It reflects the cutting-edge applications of geophysics and geochemistry, as well as novel technologies, such as in artificial intelligence and hyperspectral exploration, methods that have profoundly changed how exploration is conducted. This special volume is a representation of these cutting-edge and pioneering methods to consider and conduct exploration, and should serve both as a valuable compendium of the most innovative exploration methodologies available and as a foreshadowing of the form of future exploration. As such, this volume is of significant importance and would be useful to any exploration geologist and company

Economic Geology

Economic Geology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geology, Economic
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economic Geology Book Excerpt:

Image Processing and GIS for Remote Sensing

Image Processing and GIS for Remote Sensing
Author: Jian Guo Liu,Philippa J. Mason
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2016-01-04
ISBN: 1118724186
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Image Processing and GIS for Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

Following the successful publication of the 1st edition in 2009, the 2nd edition maintains its aim to provide an application-driven package of essential techniques in image processing and GIS, together with case studies for demonstration and guidance in remote sensing applications. The book therefore has a “3 in 1” structure which pinpoints the intersection between these three individual disciplines and successfully draws them together in a balanced and comprehensive manner. The book conveys in-depth knowledge of image processing and GIS techniques in an accessible and comprehensive manner, with clear explanations and conceptual illustrations used throughout to enhance student learning. The understanding of key concepts is always emphasised with minimal assumption of prior mathematical experience. The book is heavily based on the authors’ own research. Many of the author-designed image processing techniques are popular around the world. For instance, the SFIM technique has long been adopted by ASTRIUM for mass-production of their standard “Pan-sharpen” imagery data. The new edition also includes a completely new chapter on subpixel technology and new case studies, based on their recent research.

Mineral Deposits of Finland

Mineral Deposits of Finland
Author: Wolfgang Derek Maier,Raimo Lahtinen,Hugh O'Brien
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 802
Release: 2015-05-23
ISBN: 0124104762
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral Deposits of Finland Book Excerpt:

Mineral Deposits of Finland is the only up-to-date and inclusive reference available that fully captures the scope of Finland’s mineral deposits and their economic potential. Finland hosts Europe’s most mature rocks and large cratonic blocks, analogous to western Australia and Southern Africa, which are the most mineralized terrains on Earth. Authored by the world’s premier experts on Finnish mineral exploration and mining, Mineral Deposits of Finland offers a thorough summary of the mineral deposits and their petrogenesis, helping readers to map, explore, and identify Finland’s renewed potential for mineral exploration and extraction. Presents a thoroughly inclusive catalogue of Finland’s mineral deposits and their economic potential Features full-color figures, illustrations, working examples and photographs to aid the reader in retaining key concepts to underscore major advances in the exploration of Finland’s mineral resources Offers concise chapter summaries authored by leaders in geological research, which provide accessible overviews of deposit classes