Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste
Author: Michael J Apted,Joonhong Ahn
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 802
Release: 2017-05-25
ISBN: 0081006527
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book Excerpt:

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems – crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Nuclear Waste Governance

Nuclear Waste Governance
Author: Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci,Ana Maria Isidoro Losada,Lutz Mez,Miranda A. Schreurs
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2015-02-19
ISBN: 3658089628
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Waste Governance Book Excerpt:

This volume examines the national plans that ten Euratom countries plus Switzerland and the United States are developing to address high-level radioactive waste storage and disposal. The chapters, which were written by 23 international experts, outline European and national regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, monitoring systems, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public involvement. Key stakeholders, their values and interests are introduced, the responsibilities and authority of different actors considered, decision-making processes are analyzed as well as the factors influencing different national policy choices. The views and expectations of different communities regarding participatory decision making and compensation and the steps that have been or are being taken to promote dialogue and constructive problem-solving are also considered.​

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Author: W. R. Alexander,Linda McKinley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2011-07-29
ISBN: 9780080468884
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book Excerpt:

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on “deep geological disposal – at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly – even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues
Author: W. Miller,R. Alexander,N. Chapman,John C McKinley,J.A.T. Smellie
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2000-11-09
ISBN: 9780080553054
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues Book Excerpt:

Many countries are currently exploring the option to dispose of highly radioactive solid wastes deep underground in purpose built, engineered repositories. A number of surface and shallow repositories for less radioactive wastes are already in operation. One of the challenges facing the nuclear industry is to demonstrate confidently that a repository will contain wastes for so long that any releases that might take place in the future will pose no significant health or environmental risk. One method for building confidence in the long-term future safety of a repository is to look at the physical and chemical processes which operate in natural and archaeological systems, and to draw appropriate parallels with the repository. For example, to understand why some uranium orebodies have remained isolated underground for billions of years. Such studies are called 'natural analogues'. This book investigates the concept of geological disposal and examines the wide range of natural analogues which have been studied. Lessons learnt from studies of archaeological and natural systems can be used to improve our capabilities for assessing the future safety of a radioactive waste repository.

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Radioactive Waste Management
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 44
Release: 1999-10-07
ISBN: 9780309184588
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation Book Excerpt:

During the next several years, decisions are expected to be made in several countries on the further development and implementation of the geological disposition option. The Board on Radioactive Waste Management (BRWM) of the U.S. National Academies believes that informed and reasoned discussion of relevant scientific, engineering and social issues can-and should-play a constructive role in the decision process by providing information to decision makers on relevant technical and policy issues. A BRWM-initiated project including a workshop at Irvine, California on November 4-5, 1999, and subsequent National Academies' report to be published in spring, 2000, are intended to provide such information to national policy makers both in the U.S. and abroad. To inform national policies, it is essential that experts from the physical, geological, and engineering sciences, and experts from the policy and social science communities work together. Some national programs have involved social science and policy experts from the beginning, while other programs have only recently recognized the importance of this collaboration. An important goal of the November workshop is to facilitate dialogue between these communities, as well as to encourage the sharing of experiences from many national programs. The workshop steering committee has prepared this discussion for participants at the workshop. It should elicit critical comments and help identify topics requiring in-depth discussion at the workshop. It is not intended as a statement of findings, conclusions, or recommendations. It is rather intended as a vehicle for stimulating dialogue among the workshop participants. Out of that dialogue will emerge the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the National Academies' report.

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Commission on Geosciences Environment and Resources
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 112
Release: 1992-02-01
ISBN: 0309046912
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing Book Excerpt:

This book recounts the issues raised and the viewpoints aired at a recent symposium on repository licensing. It summarizes the problems surrounding the setting of an Environmental Protection Agency standard for the release of radionuclides and the regulatory problems inherent in meeting such a standard. Symposium participants came from a variety of federal agencies and advisory groups, state governments, public interest groups, engineering firms, national laboratories, and foreign and international organizations. The book illustrates the strong feeling in the radioactive waste disposal community that changes must be made if the United States is to fulfill its promise of safe management of current and future nuclear waste.

Blume Ludwig

Blume  Ludwig
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Blume Ludwig Book Excerpt:

The folder may include clippings, announcements, small exhibition catalogs, and other ephemeral items.

Principles and Standards for the Disposal of Long lived Radioactive Wastes

Principles and Standards for the Disposal of Long lived Radioactive Wastes
Author: N. Chapman,C. McCombie
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2003-10-07
ISBN: 9780080539522
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Standards for the Disposal of Long lived Radioactive Wastes Book Excerpt:

This handbook is concerned with developing principles and standards for the safe disposal of solid radioactive wastes by burial deep in the Earth's crust. Radioactive wastes have focussed thinking on long-term environmental protection issues in an unprecedented way. Consequently, the way in which principles and standards are set, and the thinking behind this, is of wider interest than to the nuclear field alone. The issues are not just technical and scientific. There is also a much wider philosophical context to the debate, centering on ethics, human values and the expectations of society. In this handbook it is intended that all theses issues are brought together, suggesting appropriate ways forward in each area, culminating in a proposed structure for safety regulations. It also aims to provide a detailed discussion of some of the most difficult logical an ethical issues facing those wishing to dispose of long-lived radioactive wastes.

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment
Author: Kenneth L Nash,Gregg J Lumetta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-03-15
ISBN: 0857092278
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment Book Excerpt:

Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment processes. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and nuclear safety professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers in this field. A comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment Details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, as well as highly selective compounds for solvent extraction Discusses the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment

Radioactive Waste Engineering and Management

Radioactive Waste Engineering and Management
Author: Shinya Nagasaki,Shinichi Nakayama
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2015-04-07
ISBN: 4431554173
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Waste Engineering and Management Book Excerpt:

This book describes essential and effective management for reliably ensuring public safety from radioactive wastes in Japan. This is the first book to cover many aspects of wastes from the nuclear fuel cycle to research and medical use, allowing readers to understand the characterization, treatment and final disposal of generated wastes, performance assessment, institutional systems, and social issues such as intergenerational ethics. Exercises at the end of each chapter help to understand radioactive waste management in context.

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up
Author: William E Lee,Michael I Ojovan,Carol M Jantzen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 912
Release: 2013-10-31
ISBN: 085709744X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Book Excerpt:

Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

Management of Radioactive Waste

Management of Radioactive Waste
Author: Jean-Claude Amiard
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2021-09-22
ISBN: 1119866472
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management of Radioactive Waste Book Excerpt:

The classification of radioactive waste varies from state to state. This results in different management procedures for each country, while following IAEA and OECD/NEA recommendations. Radioactive waste comes from numerous sources. The largest volumes are generated by the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear facilities. Long-lived, medium- and high-activity waste – categorized as the most hazardous types of waste – are in fact largely produced by nuclear power reactors, spent fuel reprocessing plants and nuclear accidents. Final disposal of very low-activity, low-activity and very short-lived waste is well controlled. However, final solutions for certain categories, including long-lived waste, sorted waste and spent graphite waste, are not yet in place. Management of Radioactive Waste reviews all the possible solutions and presents those chosen by the various states, including a chapter detailing policy on radioactive waste management, taking France as an example.

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies
Author: Michael I Ojovan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-01-24
ISBN: 085709095X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies Book Excerpt:

Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies. The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms. With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle. Provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes Explores radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies including the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning Assesses the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction

Reactive Transport in Natural and Engineered Systems

Reactive Transport in Natural and Engineered Systems
Author: Jennifer Druhan,Christophe Tournassat
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2020-03-04
ISBN: 1501512005
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Transport in Natural and Engineered Systems Book Excerpt:

Open system behavior is predicated on a fundamental relationship between the timescale over which mass is transported and the timescale over which it is chemically transformed. This relationship describes the basis for the multidisciplinary field of reactive transport (RT). In the 20 years since publication of Review in Mineralogy and Geochemistry volume 34: Reactive Transport in Porous Media, RT principles have expanded beyond early applications largely based in contaminant hydrology to become broadly utilized throughout the Earth Sciences. RT is now employed to address a wide variety of natural and engineered systems across diverse spatial and temporal scales, in tandem with advances in computational capability, quantitative imaging and reactive interface characterization techniques. The present volume reviews the diversity of reactive transport applications developed over the past 20 years, ranging from the understanding of basic processes at the nano- to micrometer scale to the prediction of Earth global cycling processes at the watershed scale. Key areas of RT development are highlighted to continue advancing our capabilities to predict mass and energy transfer in natural and engineered systems.

Ceramic Science and Engineering

Ceramic Science and Engineering
Author: Kamakhya Prakash Misra,R.D.K. Misra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2022-05-07
ISBN: 0323886035
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ceramic Science and Engineering Book Excerpt:

Ceramic Science and Engineering: Basics to Recent Advancements covers the fundamentals, classification and applications surrounding ceramic engineering. In addition, the book contains an extensive review of the current published literature on established ceramic materials. Other sections present an extensive review of up-to-date research on new innovative ceramic materials and reviews recently published articles, case studies and the latest research outputs. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, physicists, chemists and engineers, postgraduate students, early career researchers, and industrial researchers working in R&D in the development of ceramic materials. Ceramic engineering deals with the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic and non-metallic materials. It combines the principles of chemistry, physics and engineering. Fiber-optic devices, microprocessors and solar panels are just a few examples of ceramic engineering being applied in everyday life. Advanced ceramics such as alumina, aluminum nitride, zirconia, ZnO, silicon carbide, silicon nitride and titania-based materials, each of which have their own specific characteristics and offer an economic and high-performance alternative to more conventional materials such as glass, metals and plastics are also discussed. Covers environmental barrier ceramic coatings, advanced ceramic conductive fuel cells, processing and machining technology in ceramic and composite materials, photoluminescent ceramic materials, perovskite ceramics and bioinspired ceramic materials Reviews both conventional, established ceramics and new, innovative advanced ceramics Contains an extensive review of the current published literature on established ceramic materials

Nuclear waste technical schedule and cost uncertainties of the Yucca Mountain Repository Project

Nuclear waste technical  schedule  and cost uncertainties of the Yucca Mountain Repository Project
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1428949127
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear waste technical schedule and cost uncertainties of the Yucca Mountain Repository Project Book Excerpt:

Reactive Transport Modeling

Reactive Transport Modeling
Author: Yitian Xiao,Fiona Whitaker,Tianfu Xu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2018-03-14
ISBN: 1119060028
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Transport Modeling Book Excerpt:

Teaches the application of Reactive Transport Modeling (RTM) for subsurface systems in order to expedite the understanding of the behavior of complex geological systems This book lays out the basic principles and approaches of Reactive Transport Modeling (RTM) for surface and subsurface environments, presenting specific workflows and applications. The techniques discussed are being increasingly commonly used in a wide range of research fields, and the information provided covers fundamental theory, practical issues in running reactive transport models, and how to apply techniques in specific areas. The need for RTM in engineered facilities, such as nuclear waste repositories or CO2 storage sites, is ever increasing, because the prediction of the future evolution of these systems has become a legal obligation. With increasing recognition of the power of these approaches, and their widening adoption, comes responsibility to ensure appropriate application of available tools. This book aims to provide the requisite understanding of key aspects of RTM, and in doing so help identify and thus avoid potential pitfalls. Reactive Transport Modeling covers: the application of RTM for CO2 sequestration and geothermal energy development; reservoir quality prediction; modeling diagenesis; modeling geochemical processes in oil & gas production; modeling gas hydrate production; reactive transport in fractured and porous media; reactive transport studies for nuclear waste disposal; reactive flow modeling in hydrothermal systems; and modeling biogeochemical processes. Key features include: A comprehensive reference for scientists and practitioners entering the area of reactive transport modeling (RTM) Presented by internationally known experts in the field Covers fundamental theory, practical issues in running reactive transport models, and hands-on examples for applying techniques in specific areas Teaches readers to appreciate the power of RTM and to stimulate usage and application Reactive Transport Modeling is written for graduate students and researchers in academia, government laboratories, and industry who are interested in applying reactive transport modeling to the topic of their research. The book will also appeal to geochemists, hydrogeologists, geophysicists, earth scientists, environmental engineers, and environmental chemists.

Nuclear Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning
Author: Michele Laraia
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2012-02-21
ISBN: 0857095331
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Decommissioning Book Excerpt:

Once a nuclear installation has reached the end of its safe and economical operational lifetime, the need for its decommissioning arises. Different strategies can be employed for nuclear decommissioning, based on the evaluation of particular hazards and their attendant risks, as well as on the analysis of costs of clean-up and waste management. This allows for decommissioning either soon after permanent shutdown, or perhaps a long time later, the latter course allowing for radioactivity levels to drop in any activated or contaminated components. It is crucial for clear processes and best practices to be applied in decommissioning such installations and sites, particular where any significant health and environmental risks exist. This book critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Part one focuses on the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process, from principles and safety regulations, to financing and project management. Part two covers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, detailing processes and technologies such as dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse. Finally, part three details international experience in the decommissioning of nuclear applications, including the main nuclear reactor types and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, as well as small nuclear facilities and legacy nuclear waste sites. Critically reviews nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities Discusses the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process Considers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, including dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes
Author: Agustin Alonso
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2012-01-19
ISBN: 0857093770
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes Book Excerpt:

The potential development of any nuclear power programme should include a rigorous justification process reviewing the substantial regulatory, economic and technical information necessary for implementation, given the long term commitments involved in any new nuclear power project. Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes reviews the fundamental issues and approaches to nuclear power justification in countries considering nuclear new build or redevelopment. Part one covers the infrastructure requirements for any new nuclear power programme, with chapters detailing the role and responsibilities of government, regulatory bodies and nuclear operator and the need for human resources and technical capability at the national level. Part two focuses on issues relevant to the justification process, including nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency planning. Current designs and advanced reactors and radioactive waste management are also considered, along with the economic, social and environmental impacts of nuclear power development. Part three reviews the development of nuclear power programme, from nuclear power plant site selection and licensing, through construction and operation, and on to decommissioning. Finally, a series of valuable appendices detail the UK experience of justification, nuclear safety culture and training, and the multinational design evaluation programme (MDEP). With its distinguished editor and expert team of contributors, Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes is an essential reference for international and national stakeholders in this field, particularly governmental, non-governmental and regulatory bodies, nuclear power operators and consultants. Offers a comprehensive analysis of the infrastructure and methodologies required to justify the creation of nuclear power programmes in any country Provides coverage of the main issues and potential benefit linked to nuclear power Reviews the implementation of a nuclear power programme with particular reference to the requirements and methods involved in construction

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering
Author: Ian Crossland
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2012-09-21
ISBN: 0857096389
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Book Excerpt:

The nuclear fuel cycle is characterised by the wide range of scientific disciplines and technologies it employs. The development of ever more integrated processes across the many stages of the nuclear fuel cycle therefore confronts plant manufacturers and operators with formidable challenges. Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering describes both the key features of the complete nuclear fuel cycle and the wealth of recent research in this important field. Part one provides an introduction to the nuclear fuel cycle. Radiological protection, security and public acceptance of nuclear technology are considered, along with the economics of nuclear power. Part two goes on to explore materials mining, enrichment, fuel element design and fabrication for the uranium and thorium nuclear fuel cycle. The impact of nuclear reactor design and operation on fuel element irradiation is the focus of part three, including water and gas-cooled reactors, along with CANDU and Generation IV designs. Finally, part four reviews spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering provides an important review for all those involved in the design, fabrication, use and disposal of nuclear fuels as well as regulatory bodies and researchers in this field. Provides a comprehensive and holistic review of the complete nuclear fuel cycle Reviews the issues presented by the nuclear fuel cycle, including radiological protection and security, public acceptance and economic analysis Discusses issues at the front-end of the fuel cycle, including uranium and thorium mining, enrichment and fuel design and fabrication