German Labour Market Trends

Author by : Tyskland. Statistisches Bundesamt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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In The Spotlight

Author by : Susanne Hagenkort-Rieger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 449
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German Labour Markets Trends

Author by : Germany. Statistisches Bundesamt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 666
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Wages And Employment Across Skill Groups

Author by : Bernd Fitzenberger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
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Description : For some time, it has been debated whether a lack of wage flexibility is at the roots of the high and persistent unemployment in West Germany. In the presence of a skill bias in labor demand, which increases the relative de mand for more highly skilled labor over time, there only seems to exist the choice between higher wage inequality or higher unemployment rates. This study scrutinizes whether and in what way this line of thought is consis tent with empirical findings for West Germany. The analysis ranges from extensive descriptive evidence on wage trends to the estimation of a struc tural model of wage bargaining. As the most important database, I use the IAB-Beschiiftigtenstichprobe from 1975 to 1990. This study was accepted as a Habilitation thesis by the Department of Economics and Statistics of the University of Konstanz in October 1998. The only major change relates to appendix B on the block bootstrap procedure now summarizing the main aspects of the method. I am very grateful to my advisor Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Franz for his support, encouragement, and inspiration. From 1993 to 1997, he ran the Center for International Labor Economics at the University of Konstanz in such a way that it provided a fruitful environment for empirical research in labor economics. I am also indebted to Prof. Dr. Winfried Pohlmeier and to Prof. Dr. Gerd Ronning for undertaking the task to evaluate my Habilitation thesis.


International Labour Market

Author by : Elmar Hönekopp
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 65
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The German Labour Market In The Year 2030

Author by : Kurt Vogler-Ludwig
Languange : en
Publisher by : wbv
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 124
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description : What will be the shape of the German economy and its labour market in 20 years time? Beyond combining qualitative scenarios and mathematical methods in a professional forecast, the report raises the questions how politics, entrepreneurs and the labour force should act in face of demographic change and international competition. In a breakdown by 44 economic sector, 88 occupational groups and 27 fields of vocational training, the study provides detailed insights into the future of work in Germany. The results show that Germany will transform from a service-oriented into a knowledge-oriented economy with new jobs in business services, financial services and education, health and social services. Manufacturing, trade and transport, and public service, however, will clearly reduce the number of jobs. The growth potential of the German economy will be determined by skills shortages: The higher the investments in human capital the better the opportunities for growth.


Why Deregulate Labour Markets

Author by : Gøsta Esping-Andersen
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
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Total Read : 31
Total Download : 189
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Description : Europe's mass unemployment and the call for extensive labour market de-regulation have, perhaps more than any other contemporary issue, impassioned political debate and academic research. With contributions from economists, political scientists and sociologists, Why Deregulate Labour Markets? takes a hard look at the empirical connections between unemployment and regulation in Europe today, utilizing both in-depth nation analyses and broader-based international comparisons. The book demonstrates that Europe's mass unemployment cannot be directly ascribed to excessive worker protection. Labour market rigidities can, however, be harmful for particular groups. The weight of the evidence suggests that a radical strategy of de-regulation would probably cause more harm than benefits for European economic performance.


A Social Turn In The European Union

Author by : Jacek Kubera
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
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Description : Social Europe is a key topic in the construction of the EU and its institutions. This volume examines the current state of, and perspectives for, Social Europe, as well as key issues in European social policy, including the posting of workers, the impact of the free market and regulations on social convergence, work automation, digitalisation, taxation and democracy in the workplace. The aim of this volume is to identify a course to be followed in integrating the EU’s social policies and point to areas in which co-operation between member states is likely to produce best results. While a Social Europe was previously seen to be a natural consequence of political and economic integration, it is now viewed as a separate area that requires active policies to preserve the European project. The EU’s big question today concerns the level at which this policy should be pursued: the volume’s contributors outline difficulties with harmonising social policies across the Union, but they nevertheless argue that, owing to the common challenges faced by Europe, the idea of a Social Europe must not be abandoned and requires specific action. The volume consists of 11 chapters written by a variety of expert authors, analysing the idea of a Social Europe and proposing ways in which it could be put into practice. Social policy can no longer be seen as derived from economic policy but rather as a separate driver of development that could be of interest to the northern, southern and eastern states of the EU. Jacek Kubera, PhD, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Sociology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Tomasz Morozowski, PhD candidate, Faculty of Political Science and Journalism, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, and analyst at the Poznań Institute for Western Affairs.


Poverty Trends In Germany And Great Britain

Author by : Jan Brülle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 520
File Size : 40,9 Mb
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Description : Jan Brülle shows how poverty risks in Germany between 1992 and 2012 increased concentrated on those with low educational levels, in lower occupational positions, and with precarious employment careers, as the country’s welfare state failed to adapt to widening inequalities in households’ market incomes. Contrasting the German experience with Great Britain, where social transfers to low-income families in concert with favourable labour market conditions helped to reduce poverty between 1992 and the global financial crisis, he presents the most comprehensive comparative study on poverty trends in these two countries to date. Moving beyond a cross-sectional perspective on poverty, the author analyses why it became not only more frequent in Germany, but also more persistent in individual life-courses, and why faster exits have driven the decline in poverty in Great Britain.


Federal Republic Of Germany

Author by : F. Allgayer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 75
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Evaluation Of German Active Labour Market Policies And Their Organisational Framework

Author by : Christoph R. Ehlert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Gabler
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Total Read : 56
Total Download : 755
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : For selected target groups, such as unemployed and disadvantaged youth, Christoph Ehlert demonstrates that flexible and well-targeted programmes significantly improve employment chances. To be effective, these programmes must combine individual coaching, classroom training and temporary work. Apart from the programmes, the organisational framework in which the programmes are allocated also influences the outcome. The author shows that the introduction of customer service centres, that streamlined the customers through the counselling and placement process, helped little in bringing unemployed back to work, while the introduction of action programmes even worsened the situation for the unemployed and job-seekers. Whereas the introduction of new placement software in German employment agencies led to an increase in regular employment and to more sustainable placements that exhibit longer tenures.


The German Labor Market Reforms And Post Unemployment Earnings

Author by : Niklas Engbom
Languange : en
Publisher by : International Monetary Fund
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
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Description : In 2003–05, Germany undertook extensive labor market reforms which were followed by a large and persistent decline in unemployment. Key elements of the reforms were a drastic cut in benefits for the long-term unemployed and tighter job search and acceptance obligations. Using a large confidential data set from the German social security administration, we find that the reforms were associated with a fall in the earnings of workers returning to work from short-term unemployment relative to workers in long-term employment of about 10 percent. We interpret this as evidence that the reforms strengthened incentives to return to work but, in doing so, they adversely affected post re-entry earnings.


Recent Social Trends In West Germany 1960 1990

Author by : Wolfgang Glatzer
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 778
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Description : The thirty-year period examined was characterized in West Germany by a number of inconsistent trends. While income and consumption levels increased as part of a "silent revolution," poverty also increased, especially during the 1980s. People's lifestyles changed, with less time spent on formal employment and more on household production and recreation. Individualization and pluralization began to dissolve the class structure, and social movements such as feminism and environmentalism gained some influence. Although hostility toward foreigners did not disappear, de facto immigrants were increasingly integrated into society. Satisfaction with life reached a generally high and stable level, although some people expressed an unanticipated degree of boredom. The legitimacy of the political system was not affected by conflicts about income distribution and changing values, and cooperation grew among government, business, and traditional and emerging intermediate groups. Special chapters have been authored by Johann Behrens, Mathias Bös, Bernhard Engel, Renate Hornung-Draus, Heiner Meulemann, Claudia Koch-Arzberger, Jürgen Kohl, Jakob Schissler, Jürgen Schumacher, and Karin Seibel.


Employment Policy In Transition

Author by : Regina T. Riphahn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 11
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Description : A historically unique experiment is about to enter its second decade - German unification. Early hopes for a rapid and smooth economic transformation soon turned out to be overly optimistic. Despite massive financial transfers, the political promise of a "blooming landscape" remains a vision. Actual developments have left deep scars on the labor market, and the effects will be felt for decades to come. Was this outcome to be expected, perhaps even inevitable? What went wrong, and what were the available options? Or is the current state of Eastern German labor market in fact better than is commonly assumed?


All Things Being Equal

Author by : Benjamin Bruns
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Total Read : 57
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Description : Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 1,1, Humboldt-University of Berlin (Angewandte Mikroökonometrie / Arbeitsmarktökonomik), language: English, abstract: Working time and wages represent two elementary components of economic welfare. Yet, in spite of both having witnessed signi cant changes during recent decades, economists have expended far greater efforts on probing changes in the structure of wages than on exploring trends in the composition of working hours. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for the period from 1984 to 2009, my thesis sets out to do three things: firstly, to document recent changes in the distribution of hours; secondly, to describe the related trends in part-time employment; and thirdly, to elaborate on the interrelation between hours, wages, and incomes. My results show a protracted decline of average hours that materialises next to a growing diversication of working time between and within different groups of the labour market. I find a secular expansion of part-time work that has accomodated a surge of female employment, and appealed to young and low-skilled workers alike. Due to a persistently high share of full-time work among men, male income inequality is extensively shaped by changes in the distribution of wages. Among women, where part-time arrangements are common, both hours and wages exert a commensurate impact on the distribution of incomes. Restricting attention to full-time workers removes any variation of hours over time.


Poverty Trends In Germany And Great Britain

Author by : Jan Brülle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer VS
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 785
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : Jan Brülle shows how poverty risks in Germany between 1992 and 2012 increased concentrated on those with low educational levels, in lower occupational positions, and with precarious employment careers, as the country’s welfare state failed to adapt to widening inequalities in households’ market incomes. Contrasting the German experience with Great Britain, where social transfers to low-income families in concert with favourable labour market conditions helped to reduce poverty between 1992 and the global financial crisis, he presents the most comprehensive comparative study on poverty trends in these two countries to date. Moving beyond a cross-sectional perspective on poverty, the author analyses why it became not only more frequent in Germany, but also more persistent in individual life-courses, and why faster exits have driven the decline in poverty in Great Britain.


Oecd Employment Outlook 1997 July

Author by : OECD
Languange : en
Publisher by : OECD Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 818
File Size : 45,8 Mb
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Description : The OECD Employment Outlook provides an annual assessment of labour market developments and prospects in Member countries. Each issue contains an overall analysis of the latest market trends and short-term forecasts, and examines key labour market developments. Reference statistics are included.


Oecd Employment Outlook 2001 June

Author by : OECD
Languange : en
Publisher by : OECD Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 424
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : Provides an annual assessment of labour market developments and prospects in the OECD area. This edition includes chapters on poverty dynamics, service sector jobs, the work-family balance, and foreign workers. A Statistical Annex is provided.


Labour Market Trends

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
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Social Justice And The German Labour Market

Author by : Douglas Voigt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
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Description : Offers a critical framework built on the epistemology of Frankfurt School scholars identifying the normative assumptions omnipresent in current causal and explanatory empirical studies


Economic Policy Proposals For Germany And Europe

Author by : Ronald Schettkat
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 153
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : Despite exporting more good and services than any other country in the world, economic growth in Germany has been slow through the nineties and the early twenty first century with low wage growth, rising unemployment and increasing public deficits. German unemployment was traditionally diagnosed as structural, neglecting macroeconomic causes of economic stagnancy in the economic policy debate. This book offers a fresh, innovative analysis of the German economic policy debate, containing essays from eight distinguished international economists. These essays tackle various aspects of the German and European market, ranging from theoretical issues criticizing the narrowness of the debate, analyses of the real effects of monetary policies in the short and long run, fiscal policy contributions, wage policies, to family policies, arguing for a more expansionary macroeconomic policy to counteract economic stagnancy and improve prosperity in Germany and Europe.


Oecd Economic Surveys Germany 1977

Author by : OECD
Languange : en
Publisher by : OECD Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
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Description : OECD's 1977 Economic Survey of Germany examines developments since the trough of the cycle, medium-term labour market trends and problems, economic policies and short-term prospects before drawing a series of conclusions.