Global Commodity Chains And Labor Relations

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
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Description : This edited volume provides a collection of historical and contemporary commodity chain studies placing labor at the centre of their analysis. It represents an important contribution to commodity chain research, but also to the fields of social-economic and global labour history.


Commodity Chains And Global Capitalism

Author by : Gary Gereffi
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 375
File Size : 52,8 Mb
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Description : Commodity chains link the processes of manufacturing that result in a final product available for individual consumption. This book explores the global commodity chains approach, which reformulates the basic conceptual categories for analysing patterns of global organisation and change.


Globalism Localism At Work

Author by : Jorge Carrillo Viveros
Languange : en
Publisher by : Jorge Carrillo Viveros
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 670
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description :


Value Chains

Author by : Intan Suwandi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Monthly Review Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 584
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : Award-winning book showcases case studies uncovering the exploitation of labor and class in the Global South Winner of the 2018 Paul M. Sweezy—Paul A. Baran Memorial Award for original work regarding the political economy of imperialism, Value Chains examines the exploitation of labor in the Global South. Focusing on the issue of labor within global value chains, this book offers a deft empirical analysis of unit labor costs that is closely related to Marx’s own theory of exploitation. Value Chains uncovers the concrete processes through which multinational corporations, located primarily in the Global North, capture value from the Global South. We are brought face to face with various state-of-the-art corporate strategies that enforce “economical” and “flexible” production, including labor management methods, aimed to reassert the imperial dominance of the North, while continuing the dependency of the Global South and polarizing the global economy. Case studies of Indonesian suppliers exemplify the growing burden borne by the workers of the Global South, whose labor creates the surplus value that enriches the capitalists of the North, as well as the secondary capitals of the South. Today, those who control the value chains and siphon off the profits are primarily financial interests with vast economic and political power—the power that must be broken if the global working class is to liberate itself. Suwandi’s book depicts in concrete detail the relations of unequal exchange that structure today’s world economy. This study, up-to-date and richly documented, puts labor and class back at the center of our understanding of the world capitalist system.


Handling Globalization

Author by : Jason Young Struna
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
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Description : This dissertation provides a case study of the labor process and employment conditions within warehouses and distribution centers in Southern California--a crucial stop in the global supply chain for a myriad of transnationally sourced goods. It employs qualitative research methods including in-depth interviews with warehouse workers, managers, and contractors, in addition to using participant observation to examine workers' understanding of the workplace, resistance, and class relations embedded in global commodity chains. Combining theoretical insights from research on the labor process and global capitalism, it argues that the appropriate foci for the analysis of globalization and class are the shop floors integrated into these chains. While research on the transnational capitalist class has been robust, transnational working class formations have been relatively understudied. Thus, to analyze these issues the dissertation focuses on the following questions: How do transnational corporations maintain control over labor within warehouses and distribution centers despite large geographic distances and complex institutional environments mediating relationships between capitalists and workers? What are the mechanisms of exploitation used in warehouses and distribution centers, and how do workers experience and respond to those mechanisms when executing labor, comprehending the labor process, and resisting exploitation and control? How does the coordination of the labor process on global capital's part contribute to the formation of a global "working class in-itself?" How are warehouse workers in Southern California organizing to improve their working conditions, and build alliances with other workers in the global supply chain? These questions are addressed by analyzing relationships between the complex networks of transnational firms--global retailers, logistics and warehousing companies, and temporary employment services--and warehouse workers, labor organizations, and their allies. Findings suggest that coordination and control is achieved through information and transport technologies, task standardization, and complex workplace regimes relying on the use of immigration, gender, and racial and ethnic statuses. Such arrangements induce precarity for workers, and dangerous working conditions that create substantial stresses and strains. Finally, the relationships that obtain from participation in these workplaces embedded in transnational commodity chains have impacts on transnational class formation and resistance in the global era.


Labor Relations In Globalized Food

Author by : Terry Marsden
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 467
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : This book looks at labor in agriculture and food in a global era by studying salient characteristics of the conditions and use of labor in global agri-food. Written by experienced and also emerging scholars, the chapters present a wealth of empirical data and robust theorizations that allow readers to grasp the complexity of this topic.


Turkish Apparel And Textile Industries In The Global Commodity Chain

Author by : Zuhal Ozbay Das
Languange : en
Publisher by : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 728
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : Global commodity chain analysis provides a better understanding of a new division of labor in global economic activities and governance structures of existing commodity chains. In this study, Turkish apparel and textile industries which exemplify best labor intensive industries are analyzed within this context. The power and authority relations in these industries reflect buyer-driven commodity chains in which real rent derives from marketing, design and retailing activities. The role of Turkey in global and apparel commodity chain is rather Original Equipment Manufacturer basis. In this analysis, the possibility of a way to upgrade into higher level OBM is examined, and also international challenges like abolition of quotas, against upgrading process of these industries are analyzed in Turkey. The company Mavi Jeans as jeans manufacturer which has succeeded in moving into original branded manufacturer is chosen as a case study.


Putting Labour In Its Place

Author by : Kirsty Newsome
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 516
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : Part of the Comparative Work and Employment Relations series, Putting Labour in its Place is an edited collection, containing cutting-edge research and theoretical innovation on global value chains, the nature of work and labour process theory. It addresses the different processes around the world that each add value to the goods or services being produced; whilst also analysing the idea of labour itself and the exploitation surrounding it. Key benefits: • Written by leading international academics • A landmark text combining the growing interest in global value chains with labour process theory • Provides up-to-date critical analysis of global developments


Frontiers Of Commodity Chain Research

Author by : Jennifer Bair
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 976
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : Featuring new contributions by leading globalization scholars, this timely volume analyzes the organization, geography, politics, and power dynamics of international trade and production networks understood as global commodity chains.


On The Periphery Of The Periphery

Author by : Samuel Sweitz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 794
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Description : This book examines from an archaeological perspective the social and economic changes that took place in Yucatán, Mexico beginning in the 18th century, as the region became increasingly articulated within global networks of exchange. Of particular interest is the formation and ultimate supremacy of the hacienda system in Yucatán and the effect that new forms of capitalist organized production had on native Maya social organization. Household archaeology and spatial analysis conducted on the grounds of the former Hacienda San Juan Bautista Tabi provides the data for analyzing the results of this change on the daily lives and existence of those individuals incorporated within the hacienda system. The use of archaeological excavation to place the lives of local individuals within the context of larger global processes makes this book a worthy contribution to the study of archaeology.


Introducing Globalization

Author by : Matthew Sparke
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 905
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : Designed specifically for introductory globalization courses, Introducing Globalization helps students to develop informed opinions about globalization, inviting them to become participants rather than just passive learners. Identifies and explores the major economic, political and social ties that comprise contemporary global interdependency Examines a broad sweep of topics, from the rise of transnational corporations and global commodity chains, to global health challenges and policies, to issues of worker solidarity and global labor markets, through to emerging forms of global mobility by both business elites and their critics Written by an award-winning teacher, and enhanced throughout by numerous empirical examples, maps, tables, an extended bibliography, glossary of key terms, and suggestions for further reading and student research Supported by additional web resources – available upon publication at www.wiley.com/go/sparke – including hot links to news reports, examples of globalization and other illustrative sites, and archived examples of student projects Engage with fellow readers of Introducing Globalization on the book's Facebook page at www.facebook.com/IntroducingGlobalization, or learn more about this topic by enrolling in the free Coursera course Globalization and You at www.coursera.org/course/globalization


Handbook Of Cities And Networks

Author by : Neal, Zachary P.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 776
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : This Handbook of Cities and Networks provides a cutting-edge overview of research on how economic, social and transportation networks affect processes both in and between cities. Exploring the ways in which cities connect and intertwine, it offers a varied set of collaborations, highlighting different theoretical, historical and methodological perspectives.


21st Century Sociology A Reference Handbook

Author by : Clifton D. Bryant
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 228
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.


Latin America In The World Economy

Author by : Roberto Patricio Korzeniewicz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 295
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description : Analyzes patterns of change in Latin America, suggesting the region is experiencing a transformation characterized by differentiation between states, enterprises, and households.


Capitalism

Author by : Jürgen Kocka
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 708
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Description : Capitalism has been a controversial concept. In the second half of the 20th century, many historians have either not used the concept at all, or only in passing. Many regarded the term as too broad, holistic and vague or too value-loaded, ideological and polemic. This volume brings together leading scholars to explore why the term has recently experienced a comeback and assess how useful the term can be in application to social and economic history. The contributors discuss whether and how the history of capitalism enables us to ask new questions, further explore unexhausted sources and discover new connections between previously unrelated phenomena. The chapters address case studies drawn from around the world, giving attention to Europe, Africa and beyond. This is a timely reassessment of a crucial concept, which will be of great interest to scholars and students of economic history.


Explorations In History And Globalization

Author by : Cátia Antunes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 477
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : Considering the ways in which the ‘global turn’ is changing the theory and practice of historical disciplines, Explorations in History and Globalization engages with the concept and methodology of globalization, challenging traditional divisions of space and time to offer a range of perspectives on how globalization has affected social, economic, political and cultural history. Each chapter covers a specific theme, discussing how globalization has shaped these themes and how they have contributed to globalization throughout history. Including topics such as ecological exchanges, trade, exchanges of knowledge, migration, empire and urbanization, this volume both explains historical trajectories through a global analytical framework and provides tools that students can employ when posing their own research questions about historical globalization. Containing suggestions for further reading and guidance on the ways in which primary source material can be used as a basis for global historical studies, this is the ideal volume for all students interested in the global exchanges between people throughout history.


Globalization And The Environment

Author by : Gabriela Kutting
Languange : en
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 924
File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : Examines how globalization and the environment are connected issues.


Critical Globalization Studies

Author by : Richard P. Appelbaum
Languange : en
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
Total Download : 454
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : Critical Globalization Studies is a comprehensive critical volume on globalization that balances both theory and practice. It includes pieces on contemporary globalization theory as well as accounts of globalization on the ground.


The Political Economy Of Employment Relations

Author by : Aslihan Aykac
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 369
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : Employment has changed dramatically in the last few decades with the onset of neoliberal globalization. This change has become the objective of inquiry from different perspectives, such as development studies, labour economics or industrial relations, focusing on different units of analysis. The Political Economy of Employment Relations provides an exceptional contribution to existing literature by presenting alternative theory and practice on employment relations. It is within this critical theoretical intervention that solidarity economies emerge as a unique theoretical construct as well as a unit of analysis to expose the alternative paths that employment relations may resort to against the contemporary challenges of neoliberal globalization. This book analyses globalization, global economic crisis, and issues of work and labour from the point of view of the developing world, presenting local case studies from countries including the USA, India, Spain and Greece, and outlining alternative approaches to global challenges. This volume has relevance to those with an interest in industrial relations, sociology of work and occupations, labour economics and development economics.


Transnational Cooperation Among Labor Unions

Author by : Michael A. Gordon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 336
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Organized labor faces enormous challenges in the increasingly global economy. The effect of multinational corporations, the portability of technology and capital, and lowered trade barriers in international commerce have all sparked widespread prophecies of trade union demise. This book, however, presents compelling evidence that unions can survive and grow if labor is willing to cooperate across national borders. Transnational Cooperation among Labor Unions is a seminal study of such cooperation as an effective weapon against the exploitation of workers in today's world. After assessing the challenges confronting organized labor, the authors turn their attention to specifics. They describe and evaluate the most important transnational labor associations, campaigns, and transnational cooperatives in a variety of industries. Contributors include academics who have assessed the status of union-management relations and international labor organizations as well as participants in union campaigns organized across national boundaries.


Border As Method Or The Multiplication Of Labor

Author by : Sandro Mezzadra
Languange : en
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 700
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : Far from creating a borderless world, contemporary globalization has generated a proliferation of borders. In Border as Method, Sandro Mezzadra and Brett Neilson chart this proliferation, investigating its implications for migratory movements, capitalist transformations, and political life. They explore the atmospheric violence that surrounds borderlands and border struggles across various geographical scales, illustrating their theoretical arguments with illuminating case studies drawn from Europe, Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, and elsewhere. Mezzadra and Neilson approach the border not only as a research object but also as an epistemic framework. Their use of the border as method enables new perspectives on the crisis and transformations of the nation-state, as well as powerful reassessments of political concepts such as citizenship and sovereignty.


Green Consumerism

Author by : Juliana Mansvelt
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 567
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : Via 150 signed entries, Green Consumerism: An A-to-Z Guide offers a wide-ranging examination of green consumerism, one reflecting the diversity of views and debates surrounding the concept. The multiplicity of topics and disciplinary perspectives provides a useful survey of the nature of green consumerism, the forms it takes, the issues impacting it, and the practices it involves. Contributing authors also provide insights into the social and spacial constitution of green consumerism, its multifaceted and sometimes contested contours, and the ways it is embedded and shaped in relation to wider cultural, economic, political and environmental processes. Readers will derive a sense not only of what green consumerism has become, but more critically, how it might evolve, addressing both limitations and possibilities for real and meaningful change. Vivid photographs, searchable hyperlinks, numerous cross references, an extensive resource guide, and a clear, accessible writing style make the Green Society volumes ideal for classroom use as well as for research.


International Labour Migration To Europe S Rural Regions

Author by : Johan Fredrik Rye
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 823
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : Emerging in the throes of a global pandemic that threatens Europe’s economies and food security, International Labour Migration to Europe’s Rural Regions combines a diverse range of empirically rich, in-depth case studies, analysis of their rural context specificities, and insights from labour market and migration theories, to critically examine the conditions and implications of rural labour migration. Despite its growing political, economic and social importance, our understanding of international labour migration to Europe’s rural regions remains limited. This edited volume provides intricate descriptions of lived experience, critical theoretical analyses, analytical synthesis, and policy recommendations for this novel and developing phenomenon that has the potential to transform the lives of international migrants and local communities. The book’s 25 authors represent a wide range of social science disciplines, with coverage of a vast range of Europe’s rural regions, and diverse types of rural labour in areas such as horticulture, shepherding, wild berry picking and fish processing. The volume will be of interest to policy makers at local, regional, national and European levels, and scholars and students in a broad range of areas, including migration, labour markets, and rural studies.


Globalization And Health

Author by : Ronald Labonté
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 167
File Size : 45,9 Mb
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Description : Contemporary globalization has had tremendous impact on health equity across the globe. However, no volume has systematically analyzed the relationship between globalization and global trends in health outcomes. This book consolidates and updates the findings of a global research project undertaken by the Globalisation Knowledge Network (GKN) of the World Health Organization’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Chapters examine such questions as: How has trade liberalisation affected the social determinants of health? How has globalization affected food security, nutrition and equitable access to water and sanitation? How well do present global governance structures take account of the health equity effects associated with the social determinants of health? This landmark volume will be a necessary addition for researchers and scholars studying the field of globalization, health and social policy, and public health across the social sciences.


Imports Exports And The American Worker

Author by : Susan M. Collins
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brookings Institution Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 962
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : Will technological improvement and growth in the rest of the world cause a decline in American living standards? Can government policy in Japan and Western Europe limit the availability of high- wage jobs in America? Does expanding trade with Mexico and other developing countries with large numbers of inexpensive workers imply a continuing decline in wages for low-skilled American workers? These questions express a widespread concern about potential negative effects of import competition on domestic labor markets, but ignore potential gains to U.S. workers from exports abroad. Through U.S. exports, the rest of the world is an increasingly large indirect employer of U.S. workers, and through imports, foreign labor is an increasingly important potential substitute for U.S. workers. Bringing together the often diverse perspectives of international economists, labor economists, and policymakers, this volume analyzes how international trade affects the level and distribution of wages and employment in the United States, examines the need for government intervention, and evaluates policy options. In addition to the editor, the contributors are Jagdish Bhagwati, Columbia University and American Enterprise Institute; J. Bradford De Long, U.S. Department of the Treasury and University of California, Berkeley; I. M. Destler, University of Maryland and Institute for International Economics; Richard B. Freeman, Harvard University and London School of Economics; Louis Jacobson, WESTAT; Lori G. Kletzer, University of California, Santa Cruz; Edward Leamer, University of California, Los Angeles; Michael Piore, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Ana Revenga and Claudio Montenegro, The World Bank; Jeffrey D. Sachs and Howard Shatz, Harvard University.


The Sociology Of Food And Agriculture

Author by : Michael Carolan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 875
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : As interest has increased in topics such as the globalization of the agrifood system, food security, and food safety, the subjects of food and agriculture are making their way into a growing number of courses in disciplines within the social sciences and the humanities, like sociology and food studies. This book is an introductory textbook aimed at undergraduate students, and is suitable for those with little or no background in sociology. The author starts by looking at the recent development of agriculture under capitalism and neo-liberal regimes and the transformation of farming from a small-scale, family-run business to a globalized system. The consequent changes in rural employment and role of multinationals in controlling markets are described. Topics such as the global hunger and obesity challenges, GM foods, and international trade and subsidies are assessed as part of the world food economy. The second section of the book focuses on community impacts, food and culture, and diversity. Later chapters examine topics such as food security, alternative and social movements, food sovereignty, local versus global, and fair trade. All chapters include learning objectives and recommendations for further reading to aid student learning.


Advances In Industrial And Labor Relations

Author by : David Lewin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 830
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : Presents a rich mix of different approaches in industrial relations scholarship covering labor history, theory, quantitative and qualitative analysis. This volume includes a range of papers that potentially has significant implications for labour research and policy.


Encounters And Engagements Between Economic And Cultural Geography

Author by : Barney Warf
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 198
File Size : 44,8 Mb
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Description : The intellectual renaissance of human geography has included a widespread engagement between its economic and cultural subdisciplines. This volume adopts a variety of conceptual and empirical perspectives on the encounters between economic and cultural geographers. It offers an introduction and 10 chapters by authors in a variety of national contexts to explicate issues such as the cultural turn in economic geography, the cultural construction of economic geographic thought, consumption, gender, everyday life, commodity chain analysis, trust, networks, the creative economy, and tourism. The volume contains empirical analyses utilizing both quantitative and qualitative approaches at spatial scales ranging from the individual to the global economy. In illustrating how human geographers can ill afford to subscribe to the analytically false dichotomy between “culture” and “the economy,” the book explicates how cultural and economic geography can be seamlessly integrated , bringing them into a creative tension to their mutual benefit.​