GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems

GNSS     Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof,Herbert Lichtenegger,Elmar Wasle
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2007-11-20
ISBN: 3211730176
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

This book extends the scientific bestseller "GPS - Theory and Practice" to cover Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and includes the Russian GLONASS, the European system Galileo, and additional systems. The book refers to GNSS in the generic sense to describe the various existing reference systems for coordinates and time, the satellite orbits, the satellite signals, observables, mathematical models for positioning, data processing, and data transformation. This book is a university-level introductory textbook and is intended to serve as a reference for students as well as for professionals and scientists in the fields of geodesy, surveying engineering, navigation, and related disciplines.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Rao
Publsiher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9780070700291
Category: Artificial satellites in telecommunication
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Peter Teunissen,Oliver Montenbruck
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1268
Release: 2017-06-16
ISBN: 3319429280
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

This Handbook presents a complete and rigorous overview of the fundamentals, methods and applications of the multidisciplinary field of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), providing an exhaustive, one-stop reference work and a state-of-the-art description of GNSS as a key technology for science and society at large. All global and regional satellite navigation systems, both those currently in operation and those under development (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, IRNSS/NAVIC, SBAS), are examined in detail. The functional principles of receivers and antennas, as well as the advanced algorithms and models for GNSS parameter estimation, are rigorously discussed. The book covers the broad and diverse range of land, marine, air and space applications, from everyday GNSS to high-precision scientific applications and provides detailed descriptions of the most widely used GNSS format standards, covering receiver formats as well as IGS product and meta-data formats. The full coverage of the field of GNSS is presented in seven parts, from its fundamentals, through the treatment of global and regional navigation satellite systems, of receivers and antennas, and of algorithms and models, up to the broad and diverse range of applications in the areas of positioning and navigation, surveying, geodesy and geodynamics, and remote sensing and timing. Each chapter is written by international experts and amply illustrated with figures and photographs, making the book an invaluable resource for scientists, engineers, students and institutions alike.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: B. Bhatta
Publsiher: BS Publications
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2010
ISBN: 8178002205
Category: Artificial satellites in navigation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Chapter 1 Overview of GNSS Chapter 2 Functional Segments of GNSS Chapter 3 Working Principle of GNSS Chapter 4 GNSS Signals and Range Determination Chapter 5 Errors and Accuracy Issues Chapter 6 Positioning Methods Chapter 7 GNSS Augmentations and Other Navigation Satellite Systems Chapter 8 GNSS Receivers Chapter 9 Geodesy Chapter 10 Applications of GNSS Chapter 11 Surveying with GNSS Appendix A Mapping Issues Glossary References Index

Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Their Applications

Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Their Applications
Author: Scott Madry
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 110
Release: 2015-04-22
ISBN: 149392608X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Their Applications Book Excerpt:

Dr. Madry, one of the world's leading experts in the field, provides in a condensed form a quick yet comprehensive overview of satellite navigation. This book concisely addresses the latest technology, the applications, the regulatory issues, and the strategic implications of satellite navigation systems. This assesses the strengths and weaknesses of satellite navigation networks and review of all the various national systems now being deployed and the motivation behind the proliferation of these systems.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Basudeb Bhatta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2021-05-10
ISBN: 1000382974
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and their associated technologies have advanced by leaps and bounds in the nine years since the first edition of this book was published. The concept of survey has changed, especially in the disciplines of geomatics and geoinformatics. This revised and updated second edition provides a thorough understanding of the basic principles and techniques of GNSS, analyzes all four active systems, and explains clearly how each of these systems works. Because of its straightforward treatment of the subject, readers will gain an insight into the techniques, trends, and applications of GNSS and develop knowledge on selecting an appropriate GNSS instrument. Written for students and practitioners in geoinformatics, geomatics engineering, surveying, and remote sensing and GIS, this introductory and practical book includes questions and exercises in each chapter. Key Features: • Furnishes detailed information on GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, and other regional and augmented systems • Provides practical guidance for surveying, mapping, and navigation with GNSS • Sheds light on the latest developments and modern trends of GNSS • Includes a detailed glossary of related terms • Contains many illustrations that complement the text • Exercises for each chapter • MCQ, solution manual for mathematical problems, and PPT as online resources

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Ahmed Mohamed
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2013-06-19
ISBN: 9535111620
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Today, satellite navigation offers convenient alternative to terrestrial and stellar navigation methods that is not only ubiquitous and easy to operate but also available day and night. The radio navigation technology, first appeared in the 1930s and matured in the 1940s, did not take off until the late 1960s and 1970s with the launch of the first navigation satellites by the US Naval and Air Forces, resulting from the NAVSTAR GPS program. The end user navigation equipment, bulky and expensive at the beginning, did not emerge until the microprocessor became viable during the late 1970s. Now-a-day three other global navigation satellite systems are fully or partially operational: the Russian GLONASS, the European Union Galileo, and the Chinese BeiDou. Where does the future lie? Probably in a network of global satellite navigation systems, with increase in satellite coverage and improved accuracy, integrity, and reliability, as these systems further mature. End user equipment will continue to be smaller, more accurate and cheaper. Yet in many respects, satellite navigation systems owe most to the old-time stellar navigation, by keeping man look up to the sky for help.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Shuanggen Jin
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2012-02-03
ISBN: 953307843X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) plays a key role in high precision navigation, positioning, timing, and scientific questions related to precise positioning. This is a highly precise, continuous, all-weather, and real-time technique. The book is devoted to presenting recent results and developments in GNSS theory, system, signal, receiver, method, and errors sources, such as multipath effects and atmospheric delays. Furthermore, varied GNSS applications are demonstrated and evaluated in hybrid positioning, multi-sensor integration, height system, Network Real Time Kinematic (NRTK), wheeled robots, and status and engineering surveying. This book provides a good reference for GNSS designers, engineers, and scientists, as well as the user market.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: National Academy of Engineering
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2012-04-10
ISBN: 0309222761
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

The Global Positioning System (GPS) has revolutionized the measurement of position, velocity, and time. It has rapidly evolved into a worldwide utility with more than a billion receiver sets currently in use that provide enormous benefits to humanity: improved safety of life, increased productivity, and wide-spread convenience. Global Navigation Satellite Systems summarizes the joint workshop on Global Navigation Satellite Systems held jointly by the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and the Chinese Academy of Engineering on May 24-25, 2011 at Hongqiao Guest Hotel in Shanghai, China. "We have one world, and only one set of global resources. It is important to work together on satellite navigation. Competing and cooperation is like Yin and Yang. They need to be balanced," stated Dr. Charles M. Vest, President of the National Academy of Engineering, in the workshop's opening remarks. Global Navigation Satellite Systems covers the objectives of the workshop, which explore issues of enhanced interoperability and interchangeability for all civil users aimed to consider collaborative efforts for countering the global threat of inadvertent or illegal interference to GNSS signals, promotes new applications for GNSS, emphasizing productivity, safety, and environmental protection. The workshop featured presentations chosen based on the following criteria: they must have relevant engineering/technical content or usefulness; be of mutual interest; offer the opportunity for enhancing GNSS availability, accuracy, integrity, and/or continuity; and offer the possibility of recommendations for further actions and discussions. Global Navigation Satellite Systems is an essential report for engineers, workshop attendees, policy makers, educators, and relevant government agencies.

Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Xiaodong Chen,Clive G. Parini,Brian Collins,Yuan Yao,Masood Ur Rehman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-02-21
ISBN: 111994032X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the fundamentals and practical implementations of antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) In this book, the authors discuss the various aspects of GNSS antennas, including fundamentals of GNSS, design approaches for the GNSS terminal and satellite antennas, performance enhancement techniques and effects of user’s presence and surrounding environment on these antennas. In addition, the book will provide the reader with an insight into the most important aspects of the GNSS antenna technology and lay the foundations for future advancements. It also includes a number of real case studies describing the ways in which antenna design can be adapted to conform to the design constraints of practical user devices, and also the management of potential adverse interactions between the antenna and its platform. Key Features: Covers the fundamentals and practical implementations of antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Describes technological advancements for GPS, Glonass, Galileo and Compass Aims to address future issues such as multipath interference, in building operation, RF interference in mobile Includes a number of real case studies to illustrate practical implementation of GNSS This book will be an invaluable guide for antenna designers, system engineers, researchers for GNSS systems and postgraduate students (antennas, satellite communication technology). R&D engineers in mobile handset manufacturers, spectrum engineers will also find this book of interest.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Inertial Navigation and Integration

Global Navigation Satellite Systems  Inertial Navigation  and Integration
Author: Mohinder S. Grewal,Angus P. Andrews,Chris G. Bartone
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN: 1119547830
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Inertial Navigation and Integration Book Excerpt:

Covers significant changes in GPS/INS technology, and includes new material on GPS, GNSSs including GPS, Glonass, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, and IRNSS/NAViC, and MATLAB programs on square root information filtering (SRIF) This book provides readers with solutions to real-world problems associated with global navigation satellite systems, inertial navigation, and integration. It presents readers with numerous detailed examples and practice problems, including GNSS-aided INS, modeling of gyros and accelerometers, and SBAS and GBAS. This revised fourth edition adds new material on GPS III and RAIM. It also provides updated information on low cost sensors such as MEMS, as well as GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, and IRNSS/NAViC, and QZSS. Revisions also include added material on the more numerically stable square-root information filter (SRIF) with MATLAB programs and examples from GNSS system state filters such as ensemble time filter with square-root covariance filter (SRCF) of Bierman and Thornton and SigmaRho filter. Global Navigation Satellite Systems, Inertial Navigation, and Integration, 4th Edition provides: Updates on the significant upgrades in existing GNSS systems, and on other systems currently under advanced development Expanded coverage of basic principles of antenna design, and practical antenna design solutions More information on basic principles of receiver design, and an update of the foundations for code and carrier acquisition and tracking within a GNSS receiver Examples demonstrating independence of Kalman filtering from probability density functions of error sources beyond their means and covariances New coverage of inertial navigation to cover recent technology developments and the mathematical models and methods used in its implementation Wider coverage of GNSS/INS integration, including derivation of a unified GNSS/INS integration model, its MATLAB implementations, and performance evaluation under simulated dynamic conditions Global Navigation Satellite Systems, Inertial Navigation, and Integration, Fourth Edition is intended for people who need a working knowledge of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Inertial Navigation Systems (INS), and the Kalman filtering models and methods used in their integration.

International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems ICG

International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems  ICG
Author: United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
Publsiher: United Nations
Total Pages: 84
Release: 2016-04-14
ISBN: 9210578597
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems ICG Book Excerpt:

The tenth anniversary of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) brings with it the opportunity to recognize and acknowledge the vital role that satellite technology has played as an innovative tool for sustainable development. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, as the Executive Secretariat of the ICG, has worked with Member States to enhance the compatibility and interoperability of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) constellations so that satellite technologies remain equally accessible for all. The ICG demonstrates tangible international cooperation where leading global satellite operators have coordinated their GNSS services to provide global coverage in satellite-based positioning, navigation, and timing, for the benefit of all. As a platform for open discussions and information exchange under the umbrella of the United Nations, the ICG promotes the use of GNSS technology for the management and protection of the environment, disaster risk reduction, agriculture and food security, emergency response, improving the efficiency in surveying and mapping, and to enhance the safety and effectiveness of transportation by land, sea and air.

Civil Liability for Damage Caused by Global Navigation Satellite System

Civil Liability for Damage Caused by Global Navigation Satellite System
Author: Dejian Kong
Publsiher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2019-05-24
ISBN: 9403512334
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Civil Liability for Damage Caused by Global Navigation Satellite System Book Excerpt:

It has come to pass that national security, economic growth, and transportation safety – not to mention such infrastructure as banking and electricity – are severely dependent on the positioning information, navigation capabilities, and time dissemination provided by Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). However, GNSS is not risk-free. The more humanity depends on GNSS, the more risks it has to face. It is irresponsible to wait for an accident to happen merely to justify the need for an appropriate GNSS civil liability regime. This hugely important book examines the structure of such a regime in unprecedented depth and proposes a uniform governance structure composed of an institutional framework and a legal system for GNSS, with safety-of-life signals at its core. Exploring whether the current international law (including air law and space law conventions) is adequate to deal with the issue of civil liability in the context of GNSS, the author confronts and responds to such crucial issues as the following: ensuring that parties suffering damage caused by GNSS get fair, prompt, and adequate compensation; balancing the interests of the GNSS industry in order for it to maintain its sustainable development; identifying legal gaps arising in the GNSS context and how we should move forward; determining which parts of the value chain of GNSS may qualify as origins of damage; and construing GNSS civil liability mainly from contractual, product, and general tort liability perspectives. The author assesses various solutions for GNSS civil liability based on their feasibility, including an institutional defence against the doctrine of sovereign immunity and recommendations on how several international organisations can work together in this endeavour. He examines scholarships, travaux préparatoires, conference documents, and treaties, as well as national legislation. A hypothetical case where damage is caused by GNSS is elaborated, illustrating each legal relationship and causal link. In its committed urging of GNSS signal providers to improve the stability of the satellite navigation systems and its insightful recommendations on how to promote public safety, this book offers a roadmap indicating a truly viable international regime of GNSS civil liability. Relevant international organisations and States, as well as practitioners, are sure to respond positively to its unique and important analysis.

The Global Navigation Satellite System

The Global Navigation Satellite System
Author: Alessandra A.L. Andrade
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2017-03-02
ISBN: 1351888854
Category: Transportation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Global Navigation Satellite System Book Excerpt:

The book constitutes a valuable guide to the implementation of the CNS/ATM system towards ensuring safe, efficient and orderly evolution of international air transport. It uses a pragmatic approach in addressing the major legal, institutional, technical, political and economic aspects underlying the Global Navigation Satellite System, which is expected to play a fundamental role in aviation safety and air navigation world-wide. The book also examines, through well-reasoned analysis and research, the various controversial and relevant issues which will dominate the system in the years to come. The author demonstrates a profound grasp of the subject-matter through a sustained absorption of technical, institutional and legal principles applying to this complex subject. This is brought to bear in the coherent structure and logical organisation of the chapters which makes the book an invaluable tool for the aviation community, scholars and national and international regulatory authorities. It will also be immensely useful for practitioners who work towards further development and implementation of the CNS/ATM system. There has been no comparable work previously published.

Global Navigation Satellite System Monitoring of the Atmosphere

Global Navigation Satellite System Monitoring of the Atmosphere
Author: Guergana Guerova,Tzvetan Simeonov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2021-09-11
ISBN: 0128191538
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite System Monitoring of the Atmosphere Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) monitoring of the atmosphere is an interdisciplinary topic: a collaboration between geodetic and atmospheric communities. As such, this topic requires sufficient basic knowledge about both GNSS and the atmosphere. Global Navigation Satellite System Monitoring of the Atmosphere begins by introducing GNSS, its components, and signals. It then explains the basics of the atmosphere, starting from the ionosphere to the troposphere. The GNSS tropospheric monitoring is separated for application in numerical weather prediction and nowcasting. Further chapters focus on the application of GNSS for monitoring the climate as well as soil moisture. Finally, the book concludes by discussing GNSS processing along with introducing the latest developments and applications for using atmospheric data to provide precise real-time GNSS products. Explains the basics of GNSS positioning and signals Includes the state of the art in GNSS observations of the atmosphere and hydrosphere Presents the basics of numerical weather prediction and analysis

Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Xiaodong Chen,Clive G. Parini,Brian Collins,Masood Ur Rehman,Yuan Yao
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2012-04-23
ISBN: 1119993679
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the fundamentals and practical implementations of antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) In this book, the authors discuss the various aspects of GNSS antennas, including fundamentals of GNSS, design approaches for the GNSS terminal and satellite antennas, performance enhancement techniques and effects of user’s presence and surrounding environment on these antennas. In addition, the book will provide the reader with an insight into the most important aspects of the GNSS antenna technology and lay the foundations for future advancements. It also includes a number of real case studies describing the ways in which antenna design can be adapted to conform to the design constraints of practical user devices, and also the management of potential adverse interactions between the antenna and its platform. Key Features: Covers the fundamentals and practical implementations of antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Describes technological advancements for GPS, Glonass, Galileo and Compass Aims to address future issues such as multipath interference, in building operation, RF interference in mobile Includes a number of real case studies to illustrate practical implementation of GNSS This book will be an invaluable guide for antenna designers, system engineers, researchers for GNSS systems and postgraduate students (antennas, satellite communication technology). R&D engineers in mobile handset manufacturers, spectrum engineers will also find this book of interest.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Basudeb Bhatta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2011-07-12
ISBN: 9780415665605
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Includes detailed information on GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, and other regional and augmented systems Sheds light on the latest developments and modern trends of GNSS Offers practical guidance for surveying, mapping, and navigation Includes questions at the end of every chapter Contains a detailed glossary of terms and extensive reference list Specifically designed as an introductory reference text, this volume provides a thorough coverage of the basic principles and techniques of GNSS. It starts with the history and basic concepts and subsequently provides an extensive coverage on every GNSS constellation, GNSS signals, errors and accuracy issues, positioning methods, augmentations, satellite geodesy, and GNSS receivers. It also presents a wide spectrum of GNSS applications and practical issues involved in surveying, mapping, and navigation. Written in a clear style and including advanced topics, a detailed glossary, guidance on surveying, mapping and navigation along with numerous references, this volume is of use to students, researchers and professionals. It will specifically benefit those in geoinformatics, navigation, civil, construction, naval, aviation and transportation engineering working with GNSS for natural resources, agricultural and environmental information, geosciences and geography.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Gottapu Sasibhushana Rao
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9781283187107
Category: Artificial satellites in telecommunication
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: National Academy of Engineering
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2012-04-27
ISBN: 0309222753
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

The Global Positioning System (GPS) has revolutionized the measurement of position, velocity, and time. It has rapidly evolved into a worldwide utility with more than a billion receiver sets currently in use that provide enormous benefits to humanity: improved safety of life, increased productivity, and wide-spread convenience. Global Navigation Satellite Systems summarizes the joint workshop on Global Navigation Satellite Systems held jointly by the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and the Chinese Academy of Engineering on May 24-25, 2011 at Hongqiao Guest Hotel in Shanghai, China. "We have one world, and only one set of global resources. It is important to work together on satellite navigation. Competing and cooperation is like Yin and Yang. They need to be balanced," stated Dr. Charles M. Vest, President of the National Academy of Engineering, in the workshop's opening remarks. Global Navigation Satellite Systems covers the objectives of the workshop, which explore issues of enhanced interoperability and interchangeability for all civil users aimed to consider collaborative efforts for countering the global threat of inadvertent or illegal interference to GNSS signals, promotes new applications for GNSS, emphasizing productivity, safety, and environmental protection. The workshop featured presentations chosen based on the following criteria: they must have relevant engineering/technical content or usefulness; be of mutual interest; offer the opportunity for enhancing GNSS availability, accuracy, integrity, and/or continuity; and offer the possibility of recommendations for further actions and discussions. Global Navigation Satellite Systems is an essential report for engineers, workshop attendees, policy makers, educators, and relevant government agencies.

Environmental Monitoring using GNSS

Environmental Monitoring using GNSS
Author: Joseph L. Awange
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2012-05-15
ISBN: 3540882561
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Monitoring using GNSS Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) are revolutionizing the world in a way their original developers never envisaged. From being military “war” tools, GNSS satellites are rapidly becoming “peace” tools that play a potentially critical role in enabling changing environmental phenomenon that do not permit direct measurements to be remotely observed via their all-weather, highly accurate and continuously updatable positional time series. This is evident, for example, in their use in emerging environmental monitoring methods that are considered in this book. These include: GPS-based radio telemetry, which is enhancing ecological and conservation monitoring by more accurately mapping animal movements, their behaviours, and their impact on the environment; GNSS-meteorology, which is contributing to weather and climate change studies; GNSS-remote sensing, which, for example, allows the rapid monitoring of changes in fresh water resources and cryosphere; Geosensor network techniques, which are earning a crucial role in disaster response management; Epidemiology, for improved efficiency in tracking and studying the spread of infectious diseases and climate change effects on vector-borne diseases; and Economics, to provide data for the econometric modelling of casual impact of policies. In Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA), and Sustainability Assessments (SA), GNSS, together with other spaced-based remote sensing techniques, are emerging, not only as modern tools that connect the developers to the community, but also provide information that support Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) methods, which inform decision making and policy formulations. By bringing the two fields of geodesy (the parent of GNSS technology) and environmental studies (potential users of this technology), this book presents the concepts of GNSS in a simplified way that can, on the one hand, be understood and utilised by environmentalists, while on the other, outlines its potential applications to environmental monitoring and management for those engaged more with its technology, which hopefully will further energise the already innovative research that is being carried out. Lastly, this book is most relevant to all the professionals whose work is related to the environment such as hydrologists, meteorologists, epidemiologists, economist, and engineers, to name just a few. A comprehensive yet candid and compelling presentation of Global Navigation Satellite Systems and its application to environmental monitoring and a host of other socio-economic activities. This is an essential and new ground breaking reading for all professional practitioners and even academics seeking to study and become involved in using Global Navigation Satellite Systems in diverse fields ranging from environmental monitoring to economic activities such as monitoring weather and climate in order to design crop failure insurance. Nathaniel O. Agola, Professor of Business and Financial Economics, Ritsumeikan University, Japan