Globalizing Dissent

Globalizing Dissent
Author: Ranjan Ghosh,Antonia Navarro-Tejero
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2009-01-13
ISBN: 1135844704
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Globalizing Dissent Book Excerpt:

Arundhati Roy is not only an accomplished novelist, but equally gifted in unraveling the politics of globalization, the power and ideology of corporate culture, fundamentalism, terrorism, and other issues gripping today’s world. This volume – featuring prominent scholars from throughout the world – examines Roy beyond the aesthetic parameters of her fiction, focusing also on her creative activism and struggles in global politics. The chapters travel to and fro between her non-fictional works – engaging activism on the streets and global forums – and its underlying roots in her novel. Roy is examined as a novelist, non-fiction writer, journalist, activist, feminist, screenwriter, ideologist, and architect. This volume presents Roy's interlocking network of the ideas, attitudes and ideologies that emerge from the contemporary social and the political world.

Contesting Empire Globalizing Dissent

Contesting Empire  Globalizing Dissent
Author: Norman K. Denzin,Michael D. Giardina
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2015-12-03
ISBN: 1317262085
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contesting Empire Globalizing Dissent Book Excerpt:

"Denzin and Giardina have brought together the works of leading cultural critics who have given cultural studies a global framework that meets our need to examine the governing strategies of the military, the economy, the media, and educational elites...This is a must-read for those who want cultural studies to really matter in the present moment." Patricia Ticineto Clough Contesting Empire, Globalizing Dissent: Cultural Studies after 9/11 is a landmark text. Leading scholars from cultural studies, education, gender studies, and sociology reposition critical cultural studies research around the goals of moral clarity and political intervention. Chapters range in focus from neoliberalism and democracy to America's war on kids and the cultural politics of national identity.

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions The Nineteenth Century

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions   The Nineteenth Century
Author: Timothy Larsen,Michael Ledger-Lomas
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2017-05-04
ISBN: 0199683719
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions The Nineteenth Century Book Excerpt:

The five-volume Oxford History of Dissenting Protestant Traditions series is governed by a motif of migration ("out-of-England"). It first traces organized church traditions that arose in England as Dissenters distanced themselves from a state church defined by diocesan episcopacy, the Book of Common Prayer, the Thirty-Nine Articles, and royal supremacy, but then follows those traditions as they spread beyond England -and also traces newer traditions that emerged downstream in other parts of the world from earlier forms of Dissent. Secondly, it does the same for the doctrines, church practices, stances toward state and society, attitudes toward Scripture, and characteristic patterns of organization that also originated in earlier English Dissent, but that have often defined a trajectory of influence independent ecclesiastical organizations. The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume III considers the Dissenting traditions of the United Kingdom, the British Empire, and the United States in the nineteenth century. It provides an overview of the historiography on Dissent while making the case for seeing Dissenters in different Anglophone connections as interconnected and conscious of their genealogical connections. The nineteenth century saw the creation of a vast Anglo-world which also brought Anglophone Dissent to its apogee. Featuring contributions from a team of leading scholars, the volume illustrates that in most parts of the world the later nineteenth century was marked by a growing enthusiasm for the moral and educational activism of the state which plays against the idea of Dissent as a static, purely negative identity. This collection shows that Dissent was a political and constitutional identity, which was often only strong where a dominant Church of England existed to dissent against.

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions Volume III

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions  Volume III
Author: Timothy Larsen,Michael Ledger-Lomas
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2017-04-28
ISBN: 0191506672
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions Volume III Book Excerpt:

The five-volume Oxford History of Dissenting Protestant Traditions series is governed by a motif of migration ('out-of-England'). It first traces organized church traditions that arose in England as Dissenters distanced themselves from a state church defined by diocesan episcopacy, the Book of Common Prayer, the Thirty-Nine Articles, and royal supremacy, but then follows those traditions as they spread beyond England -and also traces newer traditions that emerged downstream in other parts of the world from earlier forms of Dissent. Secondly, it does the same for the doctrines, church practices, stances toward state and society, attitudes toward Scripture, and characteristic patterns of organization that also originated in earlier English Dissent, but that have often defined a trajectory of influence independent ecclesiastical organizations. The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume III considers the Dissenting traditions of the United Kingdom, the British Empire, and the United States in the nineteenth century. It provides an overview of the historiography on Dissent while making the case for seeing Dissenters in different Anglophone connections as interconnected and conscious of their genealogical connections. The nineteenth century saw the creation of a vast Anglo-world which also brought Anglophone Dissent to its apogee. Featuring contributions from a team of leading scholars, the volume illustrates that in most parts of the world the later nineteenth century was marked by a growing enthusiasm for the moral and educational activism of the state which plays against the idea of Dissent as a static, purely negative identity. This collection shows that Dissent was a political and constitutional identity, which was often only strong where a dominant Church of England existed to dissent against.

Cosmopolitanism and the Legacies of Dissent

Cosmopolitanism and the Legacies of Dissent
Author: Tamara Caraus,Camil Alexandru Parvu
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2014-07-17
ISBN: 1317645022
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmopolitanism and the Legacies of Dissent Book Excerpt:

The core idea shared by all cosmopolitan views is that all human beings belong to a single community and the ultimate units of moral concern are individual human beings, not states or particular forms of human associations. Nevertheless, the attempts to ground a political theory on overarching universal principles is in contradiction with the plurality of social, cultural, political, religious interpretative standpoints in the contemporary world. Is dissent cosmopolitan? Is there a legacy of dissent for a theory of cosmopolitanism? This book is a comparative, historical analysis of dissident thought and practice for contemporary debates on cosmopolitanism. Divided into two parts, the editors and contributors explore the contribution of ‘paradigmatic’ dissidents like Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Havel, Sakharov, Mandela, Liu Xiaobo, Aung San Suu Kyi towards a post-universalist cosmopolitan theory. Part Two examines the inherent cosmopolitanism of the seemingly ‘peripheral’ dissent of contemporary forms of protests, resistance, direct action like NO TAV movement and Occupy Wall Street. A timely book which allows for a much needed new engagement in contemporary debates of cosmopolitanism, we learn how practical resistance to totalizing/hegemonic claims is generated, and how dissident thinking might contribute to new, enriched ways of conceiving the non-totalizing foundations of cosmopolitanism. An innovative look at what lessons can scholars of cosmopolitanism learn from dissent/dissident movements, and what the role of dissent in cosmopolitan democracy could be.

Globalizing Literary Genres

Globalizing Literary Genres
Author: Jernej Habjan,Fabienne Imlinger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2015-10-14
ISBN: 1317483421
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Globalizing Literary Genres Book Excerpt:

Focused on the relation between processes of globalization and literary genres, this volume intervenes in the prevalent notions of globalization, literary history, genre, and the novel. Using both close reading and world history, both literary criticism and political theory, the book is a timely intervention in the debates about world, postcolonial, and transnational literature as they have been intensified by critical globalization studies, world-systems analysis, Bourdieuan sociology, and cosmopolitanism studies. It contends that globalization, far from starting in recent decades, has a long and complex history, not unlike the history of literature itself, meaning that when we speak of globalization and literature, we in effect invoke the entire history of literature. Essays examine literary genres in relation to broader historical processes, connecting the present state of globalization to such key world-historic events as the early modern geographical and scientific explorations, the Enlightenment, the expansions of modernity in the long nineteenth and twentieth centuries, postmodernity and postcoloniality, and contemporary counter-hegemonic movements. The book offers innovative readings of the pastoral from Saint-Pierre to Carpentier; the novel in Kant and Wieland, and in Diderot and Marx; travel writing from Verne to Cortázar; sports writing in James and Kahn; entrelacement in Bolaño, Ghosh, and Soderbergh; and also the Mozambican ghost story, Indian genre fiction, "fake" autobiographies, Sephardic "language memoirs," the postcolonial Gothic, Irish "chick lit," and counter-hegemonic novels. Making important theoretical contributions to a renewed discussion about genre, especially genres of narrative fiction, this volume addresses global studies, the history of the novel, and debates over periodization and nationalism in literary history.

Translating Dissent

Translating Dissent
Author: Mona Baker
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2015-10-30
ISBN: 1317398475
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Translating Dissent Book Excerpt:

*Written by the winners of the Inttranews Linguists of the Year award for 2016!* Discursive and non-discursive interventions in the political arena are heavily mediated by various acts of translation that enable protest movements to connect across the globe. Focusing on the Egyptian experience since 2011, this volume brings together a unique group of activists who are able to reflect on the complexities, challenges and limitations of one or more forms of translation and its impact on their ability to interact with a variety of domestic and global audiences. Drawing on a wide range of genres and modalities, from documentary film and subtitling to oral narratives, webcomics and street art, the 18 essays reveal the dynamics and complexities of translation in protest movements across the world. Each unique contribution demonstrates some aspect of the interdependence of these movements and their inevitable reliance on translation to create networks of solidarity. The volume is framed by a substantial introduction by Mona Baker and includes an interview with Egyptian activist and film-maker, Philip Rizk. With contributions by scholars and artists, professionals and activists directly involved in the Egyptian revolution and other movements, Translating Dissent will be of interest to students of translation, intercultural studies and sociology, as well as the reader interested in the study of social and political movements. Online materials, including links to relevant websites and videos, are available at http://www.routledge.com/cw/baker. Additional resources for Translation and Interpreting Studies are available on the Routledge Translation Studies Portal: http://cw.routledge.com/textbooks/translationstudies.

Postcolonialism After World Literature

Postcolonialism After World Literature
Author: Lorna Burns
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-05-16
ISBN: 135005304X
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Postcolonialism After World Literature Book Excerpt:

Postcolonial studies took shape in response to the nationalist and decolonization movements of the twentieth century. Today, a resurgent interest in world literature reflects an increased awareness of globalization. These twin projects are torn between a criticism that finds in the text the trace of capitalist modernity and one that accounts for the revolutionary potential of literature to challenge our global present. Postcolonialism After World Literature exposes what is at stake in this critical choice through a line of philosophical enquiry – Bruno Latour, Gilles Deleuze, and Jacques Rancière – that poses an alternative to the materialist strand of world literary criticism pioneered by Pascale Casanova and Franco Moretti. Engaging with these theorists and others, Lorna Burns contests world-systems theory as the basis for thinking about contemporary postcolonial and world literatures, and proposes a renewed framework that promotes literature's capacity to provoke dissent; to imagine new forms of belonging and relation for both national and world citizens; and to stage the shared equality of all. Moving between theory and the novels of Roberto Bolaño, J. M. Coetzee, Kamel Daoud, Dany Laferrière, Pauline Melville, Arundhati Roy and Kamila Shamsie, Postcolonialism After World Literature presents the case for rethinking world literature in light of the legacies of postcolonialism, and for reshaping postcolonial studies in an era of world literature. Lorna Burns is Lecturer in Postcolonial Literatures at the University of St Andrews, UK. She is the author of Contemporary Caribbean Writing and Deleuze (Bloomsbury, 2012).

Globalization Sport and Corporate Nationalism

Globalization  Sport and Corporate Nationalism
Author: Jay Scherer,Steve Jackson
Publsiher: Peter Lang
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9783039111145
Category: Sports & Recreation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Globalization Sport and Corporate Nationalism Book Excerpt:

Although New Zealand exists as a small (pop. 4.3 million), peripheral nation in the global economy, it offers a unique site through which to examine the complex, but uneven, interplay between global forces and long-standing national traditions and cultural identities. This book examines the profound impact of globalization on the national sport of rugby and New Zealand's iconic team, the All Blacks. Since 1995, the national sport of rugby has undergone significant change, most notably due to the New Zealand Rugby Union's lucrative and ongoing corporate partnerships with Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation and global sportswear giant Adidas. The authors explore these significant developments and pressures alongside the resulting tensions and contradictions that have emerged as the All Blacks, and other aspects of national heritage and indigenous identity, have been steadily incorporated into a global promotional culture. Following recent research in cultural studies, they highlight the intensive, but contested, commodification of the All Blacks to illuminate the ongoing transformation of rugby in New Zealand by corporate imperatives and the imaginations of marketers, most notably through the production of a complex discourse of corporate nationalism within Adidas's evolving local and global advertising campaigns.

The Logos Reader

The Logos Reader
Author: Stephen Eric Bronner,Michael Thompson
Publsiher: University Press of Kentucky
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 0813191483
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logos Reader Book Excerpt:

Founded in 2002, Logos: A Journal of Modern Society and Culture was established in response to the increasing erosion of a left political culture and the new possibilities for international political engagement and cooperation produced by the Internet. Many of the best known intellectual representatives of what might be termed a "rational radicalism" soon served as the core group for this new online journal that has reached about four million readers. The Logos Reader brings together the most influential and controversial work to appear in the journal. In its pages, writers of exceptional stature such as Stanley Aronowitz, Ulrich Beck, Drucilla Cornell, Fred Dallmayr, J?rgen Habermas, Douglas Kellner, and Eric Rouleau articulate liberal and socialist values even as they retain theoretical viewpoints influenced by critical theory. The contributors deal with some of the most pressing political issues of our age, including transnational developments, U.S. foreign policy, the Iraqi War, the plight of the Palestinians, and the domestic concerns currently dominating American politics. With themes that speak to the most pertinent and enduring issues of a post-9/11 culture, the essays in The Logos Reader represent the best of modern liberal thought and will influence contemporary political discourse.

Globalization and the World Ocean

Globalization and the World Ocean
Author: Peter Jacques
Publsiher: Rowman Altamira
Total Pages: 191
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9780759105850
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Globalization and the World Ocean Book Excerpt:

Jacques offers a unique analysis of the connections between global marine and atmospheric science to global political phenomena. He shows how human survival is intricately linked to the sustainability of the world ocean, a singular connected body of regional oceans that is by definition a global resource that touches all other ecosystems. Jacques warns that the world ocean now offers evidence of several existential crises for global human populations, including declining global fisheries, coral reef losses, and climate change, but there has been a lack of global or regional cooperation in sustaining this complex ecosystem. He suggests how we can synthesize and coordinate global ecological information, exploring three regional areas in their local and global context: the South Pacific, Caribbean basin, and Southeast Asia. His book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students in environmental studies, marine sciences, and globalization studies.

Youth Culture and Sport

Youth Culture and Sport
Author: Michael D. Giardina,Michele K. Donnelly
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0415955807
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Youth Culture and Sport Book Excerpt:

Youth Culture and Sport critically interrogates and challenges contemporary articulations of race, class, gender, and sexual relations circulating throughout popular iterations of youth sporting culture in late-capitalism. Written against the backdrop of important changes in social, cultural, political, and economic dynamics taking place in corporate culture's war on kids, this exciting new volume marks the first anthology to critically examine the intersection of youth culture and sport in an age of global uncertainty. Bringing together leading scholars from cultural studies, gender studies, sociology, sport studies, and related fields, chapters range in scope from 'action' sport subcultures and community redevelopment programs to the cultural politics of white masculinity and Nike advertising. It is a must read for anyone interested in gaining a better understanding of the role sport plays in the construction of experiences, identities, practices, and social differences of contemporary youth culture.

Qualitative Inquiry and Global Crises

Qualitative Inquiry and Global Crises
Author: Norman K Denzin,Michael D Giardina
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2016-06-16
ISBN: 1315421607
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Qualitative Inquiry and Global Crises Book Excerpt:

This plenary volume from the Sixth International Congress on Qualitative Inquiry (2010) highlights the variety of roles played by qualitative researchers in addressing global communities in crisis. It shows how qualitative researchers can bridge gaps in cultural and linguistic understanding to address issues of disparity in race, ethnicity, gender, and environment in the interests of global social justice and human rights. Authored by many of the world’s leading qualitative researchers, the signature articles in this volume point qualitative researchers toward a research stance of ethics, meaning, and advocacy.

Ethical Futures in Qualitative Research

Ethical Futures in Qualitative Research
Author: Norman K Denzin,Michael D Giardina
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2016-07-01
ISBN: 1315429071
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethical Futures in Qualitative Research Book Excerpt:

Ethics has been a perennial concern of qualitative researchers. The subject has been confounded with the emergence of human subjects regulations, the increased concern with indigenous communities, the globalization of research practices, and the breakdown of barriers between researcher and subject. The original contributions to this volume highlight the key topics that face contemporary qualitative researchers and those that will likely emerge in the near future. Written by many of the leading figures in the field—Lincoln, Denzin, Schwandt, Richardson, Ellis, Bochner, Morse, among others—this book will help shape the ethical response of the field to the challenges presented by the contemporary research environment.

Global Fissures

Global Fissures
Author: Clara A. B. Joseph,Janet Wilson
Publsiher: Rodopi
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9042020180
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Fissures Book Excerpt:

Contains analyses of literary texts written by, among others, Chinua Achebe , Samuel Beckett, James Joyce, Michael Ondaatje, George Orwell, Salman Rushdie and Edward Said.

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions Volume IV

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions  Volume IV
Author: Jehu J. Hanciles
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2019-03-07
ISBN: 0191506974
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions Volume IV Book Excerpt:

The five-volume Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions series is governed by a motif of migration ('out-of-England'). It first traces organized church traditions that arose in England as Dissenters distanced themselves from a state church defined by diocesan episcopacy, the Book of Common Prayer, the Thirty-Nine Articles, and royal supremacy, but then follows those traditions as they spread beyond England-and also traces newer traditions that emerged downstream in other parts of the world from earlier forms of Dissent. Secondly, it does the same for the doctrines, church practices, stances toward state and society, attitudes toward Scripture, and characteristic patterns of organization that also originated in earlier English Dissent, but that have often defined a trajectory of influence independent ecclesiastical organizations. Volume IV examines the globalization of dissenting traditions in the twentieth century. During this period, Protestant Dissent achieved not only its widest geographical reach but also the greatest genealogical distance from its point of origin. Covering Africa, Asia, the Middle East, America, Europe, Latin America, and the Pacific, this collection provides detailed examination of Protestant Dissent as a globalizing movement. Contributors probe the radical shifts and complex reconstruction that took place as dissenting traditions encountered diverse cultures and took root in a multitude of contexts, many of which were experiencing major historical change at the same time. This authoritative overview unambiguously reveals that 'Dissent' was transformed as it travelled.

Immigration Popular Culture and the Re routing of European Muslim Identity

Immigration  Popular Culture  and the Re routing of European Muslim Identity
Author: L. Dotson-Renta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 189
Release: 2012-08-15
ISBN: 1137304014
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immigration Popular Culture and the Re routing of European Muslim Identity Book Excerpt:

Through readings of postcolonial theory and examination of post-9/11 novels, film, and hip-hop music, this book studies how North African immigrants to Spain translate and transfer cultural and political memory from one land to another.

Conspiracy Panics

Conspiracy Panics
Author: Jack Z. Bratich
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2008-02-07
ISBN: 9780791473344
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conspiracy Panics Book Excerpt:

Examines contemporary anxiety over the phenomenon of conspiracy theories.

Panarchy

Panarchy
Author: Aviezer Tucker,Gian Piero de Bellis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2015-12-22
ISBN: 131750528X
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Panarchy Book Excerpt:

Panarchy is a normative political meta-theory that advocates non-territorial states founded on actual social contracts that are explicitly negotiated and signed between states and their prospective citizens. The explicit social contract, or a constitution, sets the terms under which a state may use coercion against its citizens and the conditions under which the contract may be annulled, revised, rescinded, or otherwise exited from. Panarchy does not advocate any particular model of the state or social justice, but intends to encourage political variety, innovation, experimentation, and choice. With its emphasis on explicit social contracts, Panarchy offers an interesting variation on traditional social contract theories. Today, Panarchist political thought is particularly relevant and interesting in the context of globalization, increased international migration, the weakening of national sovereignty, the rise of the internet "cloud" as a non-territorial locus of political and protopolitical social networks that are not geographic, the invention of cryptocurrencies that may replace national currencies, and the rise of urban centers where people of many different political identities live and work together. This is the first volume to bring together key philosophically and politically interesting yet often overlooked Panarchist texts. From the first published translation of de Puydt seminal 1860 article to contemporary Silicon Valley political theory, the volume includes Panarchist texts from different eras, cultures and geographical regions. The amassed wealth of theoretical insight enables readers to compare different texts in this tradition of political thought and distinguish different streams and varieties within this political tradition, in comparison with Cosmopolitanism, Contractarianism, and Anarchism.

Presence

Presence
Author: Ranjan Ghosh,Ethan Kleinberg
Publsiher: Cornell University Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-11-15
ISBN: 0801469198
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Presence Book Excerpt:

The philosophy of "presence" seeks to challenge current understandings of meaning and understanding. One can trace its origins back to Vico, Dilthey, and Heidegger, though its more immediate exponents include Jean-Luc Nancy, Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, and such contemporary philosophers of history as Frank Ankersmit and Eelco Runia. The theoretical paradigm of presence conveys how the past is literally with us in the present in significant and material ways: Things we cannot touch nonetheless touch us. This makes presence a post-linguistic or post-discursive theory that challenges current understandings of "meaning" and "interpretation." Presence provides an overview of the concept and surveys both its weaknesses and its possible uses. In this book, Ethan Kleinberg and Ranjan Ghosh bring together an interdisciplinary group of contributors to explore the possibilities and limitations of presence from a variety of perspectives—history, sociology, literature, cultural theory, media studies, photography, memory, and political theory. The book features critical engagements with the presence paradigm within intellectual history, literary criticism, and the philosophy of history. In three original case studies, presence illuminates the relationships among photography, the past, memory, and the Other. What these diverse but overlapping essays have in common is a shared commitment to investigate the attempt to reconnect meaning with something "real" and to push the paradigm of presence beyond its current uses. The volume is thus an important intervention in the most fundamental debates within the humanities today. Contributors: Bill Ashcroft, University of New South Wales; Mark Bevir, University of California, Berkeley; Susan A. Crane, University of Arizona; Ranjan Ghosh, University of North Bengal; Suman Gupta, Open University Ethan Kleinberg, Wesleyan University; John Michael, University of Rochester; Vincent P. Pecora, University of Utah; Roger I. Simon.