Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications

Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications
Author: Harry M. Jol
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-12-08
ISBN: 9780080951843
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications Book Excerpt:

Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a rapidly developing field that has seen tremendous progress over the past 15 years. The development of GPR spans aspects of geophysical science, technology, and a wide range of scientific and engineering applications. It is the breadth of applications that has made GPR such a valuable tool in the geophysical consulting and geotechnical engineering industries, has lead to its rapid development, and inspired new areas of research in academia. The topic of GPR has gone from not even being mentioned in geophysical texts ten years ago to being the focus of hundreds of research papers and special issues of journals dedicated to the topic. The explosion of primary literature devoted to GPR technology, theory and applications, has lead to a strong demand for an up-to-date synthesis and overview of this rapidly developing field. Because there are specifics in the utilization of GPR for different applications, a review of the current state of development of the applications along with the fundamental theory is required. This book will provide sufficient detail to allow both practitioners and newcomers to the area of GPR to use it as a handbook and primary research reference. *Review of GPR theory and applications by leaders in the field *Up-to-date information and references *Effective handbook and primary research reference for both experienced practitioners and newcomers

Ground Penetrating Radar

Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Erica Carrick Utsi
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-04-18
ISBN: 0081022174
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ground Penetrating Radar Book Excerpt:

Ground Penetrating Radar: Theory and Practice is a practical guide to using this powerful underground surveying technique. The author uses her wide experience to explain the critical factors in using GPR and how parameters, such as wavelength, attenuation and loss need to be properly considered to obtain good survey results. The first chapter introduces the underlying physics and explains the formation of signal patterning. The next two chapters explain the significance of wavelengths for target detection, probing depths and resolution, and demonstrating the variety of signal presentation. Chapter four discusses why survey results are affected by water and air in the soil, and how this may affect depth readings. Additional chapters discuss a variety of methods for velocity calibration and suggests where they may be useful, challenging soil conditions and potential problem environments, data processing and a suite of useful techniques, amongst other important topics. The book gives a clear and formative guidance on understanding the critical factors in using GPR, as well as a checklist of surveying considerations. Covers the critical, practical factors in using a ground penetrating radar, including troubleshooting appropriate equipment selection Explains why wavelengths matter, providing practice calculations Offers insight into how to spot ringing (echo effects) and air signals, and how to distinguish these from subsurface data Enables the reader to understand the importance of calibration of transmission velocity and a range of methodsa

Ground Penetrating Radar 2nd Edition

Ground Penetrating Radar  2nd Edition
Author: David J. Daniels
Publsiher: IET
Total Pages: 726
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN: 0863413609
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ground Penetrating Radar 2nd Edition Book Excerpt:

This book describes the key elements of the subject of surface penetrating radar, and in general terms the inter-relationship between those topics in electromagnetism, soil science, geophysics and signal processing which form part of its design.

Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar

Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Andrea Benedetto,Lara Pajewski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2015-04-07
ISBN: 3319048139
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar Book Excerpt:

This book, based on Transport and Urban Development COST Action TU1208, presents the most advanced applications of ground penetrating radar (GPR) in a civil engineering context, with documentation of instrumentation, methods and results. It explains clearly how GPR can be employed for the surveying of critical transport infrastructure, such as roads, pavements, bridges and tunnels and for the sensing and mapping of underground utilities and voids. Detailed attention is also devoted to use of GPR in the inspection of geological structures and of construction materials and structures, including reinforced concrete, steel reinforcing bars and pre/post-tensioned stressing ducts. Advanced methods for solution of electromagnetic scattering problems and new data processing techniques are also presented. Readers will come to appreciate that GPR is a safe, advanced, non destructive and noninvasive imaging technique that can be effectively used for the inspection of composite structures and the performance of diagnostics relevant to the entire life cycle of civil engineering works.

Advances in Near surface Seismology and Ground penetrating Radar

Advances in Near surface Seismology and Ground penetrating Radar
Author: Rebecca B. Latimer
Publsiher: SEG Books
Total Pages: 487
Release: 2010-01-11
ISBN: 1560802243
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Near surface Seismology and Ground penetrating Radar Book Excerpt:

Advances in Near-surface Seismology and Ground-penetrating Radar (SEG Geophysical Developments Series No. 15) is a collection of original papers by renowned and respected authors from around the world. Technologies used in the application of near-surface seismology and ground-penetrating radar have seen significant advances in the last several years. Both methods have benefited from new processing tools, increased computer speeds, and an expanded variety of applications. This book, divided into four sections--"Reviews," "Methodology," "Integrative Approaches," and "Case Studies"--captures the most significant cutting-edge issues in active areas of research, unveiling truly pertinent studies that address fundamental applied problems. This collection of manuscripts grew from a core group of papers presented at a post-convention workshop, "Advances in Near-surface Seismology and Ground-penetrating Radar," held during the 2009 SEG Annual Meeting in Houston, Texas. This is the first cooperative publication effort between the near-surface communities of SEG, AGU, and EEGS. It will appeal to a large and diverse audience that includes researchers and practitioners inside and outside the near-surface geophysics community. --Publisher description.

GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology

GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology
Author: Dean Goodman,Salvatore Piro
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2013-03-19
ISBN: 3642318576
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology Book Excerpt:

GPR Remote Sensing in Archaeology provides a complete description of the processes needed to take raw GPR data all the way to the construction of subsurface images. The book provides an introduction to the “theory” of GPR by using a simulator that shows how radar profiles across simple model structures look and provides many examples so that the complexity of radar signatures can be understood. It continues with a review of the necessary radargram signal processes needed along with examples. The most comprehensive methodology to construct subsurface images from either coarsely spaced data using interpolation or from dense data from multi-channel equipment and 3D volume generation is presented, advanced imaging solutions such as overlay analysis are introduced, and numerous worldwide site case histories are shown. The authors present their studies in a way that most technical and non-technical users of the equipment will find essentials for implementing in their own subsurface investigations.

Ground Penetrating Radar for Archaeology

Ground Penetrating Radar for Archaeology
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers
Publsiher: AltaMira Press
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2013-06-20
ISBN: 0759123500
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ground Penetrating Radar for Archaeology Book Excerpt:

A concise and easy-to-read summary of all the latest and crucial aspects of ground-penetrating radar uses and data collection, analysis, and processing for archaeological mapping and exploration

Ground penetrating Radar for Geoarchaeology

Ground penetrating Radar for Geoarchaeology
Author: Lawrence B. Conyers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2016-01-14
ISBN: 1118950003
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ground penetrating Radar for Geoarchaeology Book Excerpt:

There has long been a strong collaboration between geologists and archaeologists, and the sub-field of geoarchaeology is well developed as a discipline in its own right. This book now bridges the gap between those fields and the geophysical technique of ground-penetrating radar (GPR), which allows for three-dimensional analysis of the ground to visualize both geological and archaeological materials. This method has the ability to produce images of the ground that display complex packages of materials, and allows researchers to integrate sedimentary units, soils and associated archaeological features in ways not possible using standard excavation techniques. The ability of GPR to visualize all these buried units can help archaeologists place ancient people within the landscapes and environments of their time, and understand their burial and preservation phenomena in three-dimensions. Readership: Advanced students in archaeology and geoarchaeology, as well as practicing archaeologists with an interest in GPS techniques.

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Raffaele Persico
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-06-09
ISBN: 1118835689
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Ground Penetrating Radar Book Excerpt:

A real-world guide to practical applications of groundpenetrating radar (GPR) The nondestructive nature of ground penetrating radar makes itan important and popular method of subsurface imaging, but it is ahighly specialized field, requiring a deep understanding of theunderlying science for successful application. Introduction toGround Penetrating Radar: Inverse Scattering and DataProcessing provides experienced professionals with thebackground they need to ensure precise data collection andanalysis. Written to build upon the information presented in more generalintroductory volumes, the book discusses the fundamentalmathematical, physical, and engineering principles upon which GPRis built. Real-world examples and field data provide readers anaccurate view of day-to-day GPR use. Topics include: 2D scattering for dielectric and magnetic targets 3D scattering equations and migration algorithms Host medium characterization and diffraction tomography Time and frequency steps in GPR data sampling The Born approximation and the singular valuedecomposition The six appendices contain the mathematical proofs of allexamples discussed throughout the book. Introduction to GroundPenetrating Radar: Inverse Scattering and Data Processing is acomprehensive resource that will prove invaluable in the field.

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences
Author: Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1442
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN: 1439803056
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Soil Sciences Book Excerpt:

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

ECOS 2012 The 25th International Conference on Efficiency Cost Optimization and Simulation of Energy Conversion Systems and Processes Perugia June 26th June 29th 2012

ECOS 2012 The 25th International Conference on Efficiency  Cost  Optimization and Simulation of Energy Conversion Systems and Processes  Perugia  June 26th June 29th  2012
Author: Enrico Sciubba,Giampaolo Manfrida,Umberto Desideri
Publsiher: Firenze University Press
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2012
ISBN: 9788866553229
Category: Energy conservation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ECOS 2012 The 25th International Conference on Efficiency Cost Optimization and Simulation of Energy Conversion Systems and Processes Perugia June 26th June 29th 2012 Book Excerpt:

Measuring Roots

Measuring Roots
Author: Stefano Mancuso
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2011-10-26
ISBN: 9783642220678
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Roots Book Excerpt:

Roots represent half of the plant body – and arguably the more interesting half. Despite its obvious importance for the whole plant, until recently our knowledge of the root apparatus was very limited, mostly due to the inadequacy of the techniques available. Recent advances in the visualization and measurement of roots have resulted in significant progress in our understanding of root architecture, growth and behaviour. In this book international experts highlight the most advanced techniques, both lab and field methods, and discuss them in detail. Measuring Roots combines academic and practical aspects of this topic, making it a universal handbook for all researchers and others interested in root-measuring methods.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
Author: Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2020-07-25
ISBN: 0128156872
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves Book Excerpt:

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Brick and Block Masonry

Brick and Block Masonry
Author: Claudio Modena,F. da Porto,M.R. Valluzzi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2016-11-03
ISBN: 1498795927
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brick and Block Masonry Book Excerpt:

Brick and Block Masonry - Trends, Innovations and Challenges contains the lectures and regular papers presented at the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference (Padova, Italy, 26-30 June 2016). In an ever-changing world, in which innovations are rapidly implemented but soon surpassed, the challenge for masonry, the oldest and most traditional building material, is that it can address the increasingly pressing requirements of quality of living, safety, and sustainability. This abstracts volume and full paper USB device, focusing on challenges, innovations, trends and ideas related to masonry, in both research and building practice, will proof to be a valuable source of information for researchers and practitioners, masonry industries and building management authorities, construction professionals and educators.

Ground Penetrating Radar

Ground Penetrating Radar
Author: Kyle Russell Anderson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 156
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ground Penetrating Radar Book Excerpt:

Soft Computing in Computer and Information Science

Soft Computing in Computer and Information Science
Author: Antoni Wiliński,Imed El Fray,Jerzy Pejaś
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2015-03-19
ISBN: 3319151479
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soft Computing in Computer and Information Science Book Excerpt:

This book presents a carefully selected and reviewed collection of papers presented during the 19th Advanced Computer Systems conference ACS-2014. The Advanced Computer Systems conference concentrated from its beginning on methods and algorithms of artificial intelligence. Further future brought new areas of interest concerning technical informatics related to soft computing and some more technological aspects of computer science such as multimedia and computer graphics, software engineering, web systems, information security and safety or project management. These topics are represented in the present book under the categories Artificial Intelligence, Design of Information and Multimedia Systems, Information Technology Security and Software Technologies.

Cyber Physical Systems Modelling and Industrial Application

Cyber Physical Systems  Modelling and Industrial Application
Author: Alla G. Kravets,Alexander A. Bolshakov,Maxim Shcherbakov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2022-03-26
ISBN: 3030951200
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cyber Physical Systems Modelling and Industrial Application Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the open questions regarding the modelling of cyber-physical systems and their application in different industries. The industry needs new approaches to improve its competitiveness. The concept of cyber-physical systems supports such changes, with the need to find new modelling tools becoming a key challenge. The book contains five-section covering the following topics: cyber-physical systems modelling, IoT and signal processing, cyber-physical systems intelligent control, cyber-physical systems industrial implementation and the production of the new material for cyber-physical systems. These approaches, on the one hand, should ensure the execution of current business processes, and on the other hand, ensure a quick speed of reactions to changes. The target audience of the book are practitioners, enterprises representatives, scientists, PhD and Master students who perform scientific research on modelling and industrial application of cyber-physical systems.

Hydropedology

Hydropedology
Author: Henry Lin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 858
Release: 2012-07-09
ISBN: 0123869870
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydropedology Book Excerpt:

Hydropedology is a microcosm for what is happening in Soil Science. Once a staid discipline found in schools of agriculture devoted to increasing crop yield, soil science is transforming itself into an interdisciplinary mulch with great significance not only for food production but also climate change, ecology, preservation of natural resources, forestry, and carbon sequestration. Hydropedology brings together pedology (soil characteristics) with hydrology (movement of water) to understand and achieve the goals now associated with modern soil science. The first book of its kind in the market Highly interdisciplinary, involving new thinking and synergistic approaches Stimulating case studies demonstrate the need for hydropedology in various practical applications Future directions and new approaches are present to advance this emerging interdisciplinary science

Problems Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management

Problems  Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management
Author: Manish Kumar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2012-03-09
ISBN: 953510117X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Problems Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management Book Excerpt:

Food security emerged as an issue in the first decade of the 21st Century, questioning the sustainability of the human race, which is inevitably related directly to the agricultural water management that has multifaceted dimensions and requires interdisciplinary expertise in order to be dealt with. The purpose of this book is to bring together and integrate the subject matter that deals with the equity, profitability and irrigation water pricing; modelling, monitoring and assessment techniques; sustainable irrigation development and management, and strategies for irrigation water supply and conservation in a single text. The book is divided into four sections and is intended to be a comprehensive reference for students, professionals and researchers working on various aspects of agricultural water management. The book seeks its impact from the diverse nature of content revealing situations from different continents (Australia, USA, Asia, Europe and Africa). Various case studies have been discussed in the chapters to present a general scenario of the problem, perspective and challenges of irrigation water use.

Wireless and Satellite Systems

Wireless and Satellite Systems
Author: Min Jia,Qing Guo,Weixiao Meng
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 665
Release: 2019-05-06
ISBN: 3030191567
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wireless and Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

This two-volume set LNICST 280-281 constitutes the post-conference proceedings of the 10th EAI International Conference on Wireless and Satellite Services, WiSATS 2019, held in Harbin, China, in January 2019. The conference was formerly known as the International Conference on Personal Satellite Services (PSATS) mainly covering topics in the satellite domain. The 137 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 289 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on machine learning for satellite-terrestrial networks, human-machine interactive sensing, monitoring, and communications, integrated space and onboard networks, intelligent signal processing, wireless communications and networks, vehicular communications and networks, intelligent 5G communication and digital image processing technology, security, reliability and resilience in internet of things, advances in communications and computing for internet of things.