Handbook of Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Photovoltaic Systems

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Photovoltaic Systems
Author: Adel Mellit,Soteris Kalogirou
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2022-06-24
ISBN: 012820642X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Photovoltaic Systems Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Photovoltaic Systems: Modelling, Control, Optimization, Forecasting and Fault Diagnosis provides readers with a comprehensive and detailed overview of the role of artificial intelligence in PV systems. Covering up-to-date research and methods on how, when and why to use and apply AI techniques in solving most photovoltaic problems, this book will serve as a complete reference in applying intelligent techniques and algorithms to increase PV system efficiency. Sections cover problem-solving data for challenges, including optimization, advanced control, output power forecasting, fault detection identification and localization, and more. Supported by the use of MATLAB and Simulink examples, this comprehensive illustration of AI-techniques and their applications in photovoltaic systems will provide valuable guidance for scientists and researchers working in this area. Includes intelligent methods in real-time using reconfigurable circuits FPGAs, DSPs and MCs Discusses the newest trends in AI forecasting, optimization and control applications Features MATLAB and Simulink examples highlighted throughout

Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies

Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies
Author: Anwar, Sohail
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2012-08-31
ISBN: 146661997X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies Book Excerpt:

The last ten years have seen rapid advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology, allowing unprecedented manipulation of the nanoscale structures controlling solar capture, conversion, and storage. Filled with cutting-edge solar energy research and reference materials, the Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies serves as a one-stop resource for the latest information regarding different topical areas within solar energy. This handbook will emphasize the application of nanotechnology innovations to solar energy technologies, explore current and future developments in third generation solar cells, and provide a detailed economic analysis of solar energy applications.

McEvoy s Handbook of Photovoltaics

McEvoy s Handbook of Photovoltaics
Author: Soteris Kalogirou
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1340
Release: 2017-08-24
ISBN: 0128103973
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

McEvoy s Handbook of Photovoltaics Book Excerpt:

Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics, Third Edition, is a 'benchmark' publication for those involved in the design, manufacture and use of these devices. This fully revised handbook includes brand new sections on smart grids, net metering and the modeling of photovoltaic systems, as well as fully revised content on developments in photovoltaic applications, the economics of PV manufacturing and updated chapters on solar cell function, raw materials, photovoltaic standards, calibration and testing, all with new examples and case studies. The editor has assembled internationally-respected contributors from industry and academia around the world to make this a truly global reference. It is essential reading for electrical engineers, designers of systems, installers, architects, policymakers and physicists working with photovoltaics. Presents a cast of international experts from industry and academia to ensure the highest quality information from multiple stakeholder perspectives Covers all things photovoltaics, from the principles of solar cell function and their raw materials, to the installation and design of full photovoltaic systems Includes case studies, practical examples, and reports on the latest advances and worldwide applications

A Practical Guide for Advanced Methods in Solar Photovoltaic Systems

A Practical Guide for Advanced Methods in Solar Photovoltaic Systems
Author: Adel Mellit,Mohamed Benghanem
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2020-05-27
ISBN: 3030434737
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Practical Guide for Advanced Methods in Solar Photovoltaic Systems Book Excerpt:

The present book focuses on recent advances methods and applications in photovoltaic (PV) systems. The book is divided into two parts: the first part deals with some theoretical, simulation and experiments on solar cells, including efficiency improvement, new materials and behavior performances. While the second part of the book devoted mainly on the application of advanced methods in PV systems, including advanced control, FPGA implementation, output power forecasting based artificial intelligence technique (AI), high PV penetration, reconfigurable PV architectures and fault detection and diagnosis based AI. The authors of the book trying to show to readers more details about some theoretical methods and applications in solar cells and PV systems (eg. advanced algorithms for control, optimization, power forecasting, monitoring and fault diagnosis methods). The applications are mainly carried out in different laboratories and location around the world as projects (Algeria, KSA, Turkey, Morocco, Italy and France). The book will be addressed to scientists, academics, researchers and PhD students working in this topic. The book will help readers to understand some applications including control, forecasting, monitoring, fault diagnosis of photovoltaic plants, as well as in solar cells such as behavior performances and efficiency improvement. It could be also be used as a reference and help industry sectors interested by prototype development.

Artificial Intelligence for Solar Photovoltaic Systems

Artificial Intelligence for Solar Photovoltaic Systems
Author: Bhavnesh Kumar,Bhanu Pratap,Vivek Shrivastava
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2022-07-29
ISBN: 1000618463
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence for Solar Photovoltaic Systems Book Excerpt:

This book provides a clear explanation of how to apply artificial intelligence (AI) to solve the challenges in solar photovoltaic technology. It introduces readers to new AI-based approaches and technologies that help manage and operate solar photovoltaic systems effectively. It also motivates readers to find new AI-based solutions for these challenges by providing a comprehensive collection of findings on AI techniques. It covers important topics including solar irradiance variability, solar power forecasting, solar irradiance forecasting, maximum power point tracking, hybrid algorithms, swarm optimization, evolutionary optimization, sensor-based sun- tracking systems, single-axis and dual-axis sun-tracking systems, smart metering, frequency regulation using AI, emerging multilevel inverter topologies, and voltage and reactive power control using AI. This book is useful for senior undergraduate students, graduate students, and academic researchers in areas such as electrical engineering, electronics and communication engineering, computer science, and renewable energy.

Handbook of Research on Smart Technology Models for Business and Industry

Handbook of Research on Smart Technology Models for Business and Industry
Author: Thomas, J. Joshua,Fiore, Ugo,Lechuga, Gilberto Perez,Kharchenko, Valeriy,Vasant, Pandian
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 491
Release: 2020-06-19
ISBN: 1799836460
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Smart Technology Models for Business and Industry Book Excerpt:

Advances in machine learning techniques and ever-increasing computing power has helped create a new generation of hardware and software technologies with practical applications for nearly every industry. As the progress has, in turn, excited the interest of venture investors, technology firms, and a growing number of clients, implementing intelligent automation in both physical and information systems has become a must in business. Handbook of Research on Smart Technology Models for Business and Industry is an essential reference source that discusses relevant abstract frameworks and the latest experimental research findings in theory, mathematical models, software applications, and prototypes in the area of smart technologies. Featuring research on topics such as digital security, renewable energy, and intelligence management, this book is ideally designed for machine learning specialists, industrial experts, data scientists, researchers, academicians, students, and business professionals seeking coverage on current smart technology models.

Photovoltaic Systems

Photovoltaic Systems
Author: K.Mohana Sundaram,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen,P. Pandiyan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2022-03-07
ISBN: 100054589X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photovoltaic Systems Book Excerpt:

This book provides comprehensive insight into the fault detection techniques implemented for photovoltaic (PV) panels. It includes studies related to predictive maintenance needed to improve the performance of the solar PV systems using Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques. The readers gain knowledge on the fault identification algorithm and the significance of all such algorithms in real-time power system applications. Gives detailed overview of fundamental concepts of fault diagnosis algorithm for solar PV system Explains AC and DC side of the solar PV system-based electricity generation with real-time examples Covers effective extraction of the energy from solar radiation Illustrates artificial intelligence techniques for detecting the faults occurring in the solar PV system Includes MATLAB® based simulations and results on fault diagnosis including case studies This book is aimed at researchers, professionals and graduate students in electrical engineering, artificial intelligence, control algorithms, energy engineering, photovoltaic systems, industrial electronics.

Applied Soft Computing and Embedded System Applications in Solar Energy

Applied Soft Computing and Embedded System Applications in Solar Energy
Author: Rupendra Kumar Pachauri,Jitendra Kumar Pandey,Abhishek Sharmu,Om Prakash Nautiyal,Mangey Ram
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2021-05-27
ISBN: 1000391698
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Soft Computing and Embedded System Applications in Solar Energy Book Excerpt:

Applied Soft Computing and Embedded System Applications in Solar Energy deals with energy systems and soft computing methods from a wide range of approaches and application perspectives. The authors examine how embedded system applications can deal with the smart monitoring and controlling of stand-alone and grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) systems for increased efficiency. Growth in the area of artificial intelligence with embedded system applications has led to a new era in computing, impacting almost all fields of science and engineering. Soft computing methods implemented to energy-related problems regularly face data-driven issues such as problems of optimization, classification, clustering, or prediction. The authors offer real-time implementation of soft computing and embedded system in the area of solar energy to address the issues with microgrid and smart grid projects (both renewable and non-renewable generations), energy management, and power regulation. They also discuss and examine alternative solutions for energy capacity assessment, energy efficiency systems design, as well as other specific smart grid energy system applications. The book is intended for students, professionals, and researchers in electrical and computer engineering fields, working on renewable energy resources, microgrids, and smart grid projects. Examines the integration of hardware with stand-alone PV panels and real-time monitoring of factors affecting the efficiency of the PV panels Offers real-time implementation of soft computing and embedded system in the area of solar energy Discusses how soft computing plays a huge role in the prediction of efficiency of stand-alone and grid-connected solar PV systems Discusses how embedded system applications with smart monitoring can control and enhance the efficiency of stand-alone and grid-connected solar PV systems Explores swarm intelligence techniques for solar PV parameter estimation Dr. Rupendra Kumar Pachauri is Assistant Professor - Selection Grade in the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India. Dr. Jitendra Kumar Pandey is Professor & Head of R&D in the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, India. Mr. Abhishek Sharma is working as a research scientist in the research and development department (UPES, India). Dr. Om Prakash Nautiyal is working as a scientist in Uttarakhand Science Education & Research Centre (USERC), Department of Information and Science Technology, Govt. of Uttarakhand, Dehradun, India. Prof. Mangey Ram is working as a Research Professor at Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India.

Photovoltaic Systems

Photovoltaic Systems
Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2022-03-07
ISBN: 9781032064260
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photovoltaic Systems Book Excerpt:

This book gives comprehensive insight to the fault detection techniques implemented for photovoltaic panels including predictive maintenance needed to improve the performance of solar PV systems using Artificial Intelligence techniques. It explains fault identification algorithms and their significance in real-time power system applications.

Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants

Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants
Author: Radu-Emil Precup,Tariq Kamal,Syed Zulqadar Hassan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2019-02-07
ISBN: 9811361517
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants Book Excerpt:

This book discusses control and optimization techniques in the broadest sense, covering new theoretical results and the applications of newly developed methods for PV systems. Going beyond classical control techniques, it promotes the use of more efficient control and optimization strategies based on linearized models and purely continuous (or discrete) models. These new strategies not only enhance the performance of the PV systems, but also decrease the cost per kilowatt-hour generated.

AI and Machine Learning Paradigms for Health Monitoring System

AI and Machine Learning Paradigms for Health Monitoring System
Author: Hasmat Malik,Nuzhat Fatema,Jafar A. Alzubi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 513
Release: 2021-02-14
ISBN: 9813344121
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI and Machine Learning Paradigms for Health Monitoring System Book Excerpt:

This book embodies principles and applications of advanced soft computing approaches in engineering, healthcare and allied domains directed toward the researchers aspiring to learn and apply intelligent data analytics techniques. The first part covers AI, machine learning and data analytics tools and techniques and their applications to the class of several hospital and health real-life problems. In the later part, the applications of AI, ML and data analytics shall be covered over the wide variety of applications in hospital, health, engineering and/or applied sciences such as the clinical services, medical image analysis, management support, quality analysis, bioinformatics, device analysis and operations. The book presents knowledge of experts in the form of chapters with the objective to introduce the theme of intelligent data analytics and discusses associated theoretical applications. At last, it presents simulation codes for the problems included in the book for better understanding for beginners.

Handbook of Research on Industrial Informatics and Manufacturing Intelligence Innovations and Solutions

Handbook of Research on Industrial Informatics and Manufacturing Intelligence  Innovations and Solutions
Author: Khan, Mohammad Ayoub
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2012-03-31
ISBN: 1466602953
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Industrial Informatics and Manufacturing Intelligence Innovations and Solutions Book Excerpt:

"This book is the best source for the most current, relevant, cutting edge research in the field of industrial informatics focusing on different methodologies of information technologies to enhance industrial fabrication, intelligence, and manufacturing processes"--Provided by publisher.

A Practical Guide for Simulation and FPGA Implementation of Digital Design

A Practical Guide for Simulation and FPGA Implementation of Digital Design
Author: Bekkay Hajji,Adel Mellit,Loubna Bouselham
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2022-03-21
ISBN: 9811906157
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Practical Guide for Simulation and FPGA Implementation of Digital Design Book Excerpt:

This book introduces the FPGA technology used in the laboratory sessions, and provides a step-by-step guide for designing and simulation of digital circuits. It utilizes the VHDL language, which is one of the most common language used to describe the design of digital systems. The Quartus II, Xilinx ISE 14.7 and ModelSim software are used to process the VHDL code and make simulations, and then the Altera and Xilinx FPGA platforms are employed to implement the simulated digital designs. The book is composed of four parts. The first part of this book has two chapters and covers various aspects: FPGA architectures, ASIC vs FPGA comparison, FPGA design flow and basic VHDL concepts necessary to describe the design of digital systems. The second part of the book includes three chapters that deal with the design of digital circuits such as combinational logic circuits, sequential logic circuits and finite state machines. The third part of the book is reserved for laboratory projects carried out on the FPGA platform. It is a largely hands-on lab class for design digital circuits and implementing their designs on the Altera FPGA platform. Finally, the fourth part of this work is devoted to recent applications carried out on FPGAs, in particular advanced techniques in renewable energy systems. The book is primarily intended for students, scholars, and industrial practitioners interested in the design of modern digital systems.

Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Machine Learning Advances in Computing Renewable Energy and Communication

Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Machine Learning  Advances in Computing  Renewable Energy and Communication
Author: Anuradha Tomar,Hasmat Malik,Pramod Kumar,Atif Iqbal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 774
Release: 2022-09-17
ISBN: 9811928282
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Machine Learning Advances in Computing Renewable Energy and Communication Book Excerpt:

This book gathers selected papers presented at International Conference on Machine Learning, Advances in Computing, Renewable Energy and Communication (MARC 2021), held in Krishna Engineering College, Ghaziabad, India, during 10 – 11 December, 2021. This book discusses key concepts, challenges and potential solutions in connection with established and emerging topics in advanced computing, renewable energy and network communications.

Introduction to AI Techniques for Renewable Energy System

Introduction to AI Techniques for Renewable Energy System
Author: Suman Lata Tripathi,Mithilesh Kumar Dubey,Vinay Rishiwal,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2021-11-24
ISBN: 1000392457
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to AI Techniques for Renewable Energy System Book Excerpt:

Introduction to AI techniques for Renewable Energy System Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques play an essential role in modeling, analysis, and prediction of the performance and control of renewable energy. The algorithms used to model, control, or predict performances of the energy systems are complicated, involving differential equations, enormous computing power, and time requirements. Instead of complex rules and mathematical routines, AI techniques can learn critical information patterns within a multidimensional information domain. Design, control, and operation of renewable energy systems require a long-term series of meteorological data such as solar radiation, temperature, or wind data. Such long-term measurements are often non-existent for most of the interest locations or, wherever they are available, they suffer from several shortcomings, like inferior quality of data, and in-sufficient long series. The book focuses on AI techniques to overcome these problems. It summarizes commonly used AI methodologies in renewal energy, with a particular emphasis on neural networks, fuzzy logic, and genetic algorithms. It outlines selected AI applications for renewable energy. In particular, it discusses methods using the AI approach for prediction and modeling of solar radiation, seizing, performances, and controls of the solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. Features Focuses on a significant area of concern to develop a foundation for the implementation of renewable energy system with intelligent techniques Showcases how researchers working on renewable energy systems can correlate their work with intelligent and machine learning approaches Highlights international standards for intelligent renewable energy systems design, reliability, and maintenance Provides insights on solar cell, biofuels, wind, and other renewable energy systems design and characterization, including the equipment for smart energy systems This book, which includes real-life examples, is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students and academicians studying AI techniques used in renewal energy systems.

Artificial Intelligence in Energy and Renewable Energy Systems

Artificial Intelligence in Energy and Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Soteris Kalogirou
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9781600212611
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence in Energy and Renewable Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

This book presents state of the art applications of artificial intelligence in energy and renewable energy systems design and modelling. It covers such topics as solar energy, wind energy, biomass and hydrogen as well as building services systems, power generation systems, combustion processes and refrigeration. In all these areas applications of artificial intelligence methods such as artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic and a combination of the above, called hybrid systems, are included. The book is intended for a wide audience ranging from the undergraduate level up to the research academic and industrial communities dealing with modelling and performance prediction of energy and renewable energy systems.

Intelligent Information Systems and Knowledge Management for Energy Applications for Decision Support Usage and Environmental Protection

Intelligent Information Systems and Knowledge Management for Energy  Applications for Decision Support  Usage  and Environmental Protection
Author: Metaxiotis, Kostas
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2009-08-31
ISBN: 1605667382
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intelligent Information Systems and Knowledge Management for Energy Applications for Decision Support Usage and Environmental Protection Book Excerpt:

"This book analyzes the need for a holistic approach for the construction and engineering of cities and societies"--Provided by publisher.

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Rational Decision Making

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Rational Decision Making
Author: Tshilidzi Marwala
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2014-10-20
ISBN: 3319114247
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Rational Decision Making Book Excerpt:

Develops insights into solving complex problems in engineering, biomedical sciences, social science and economics based on artificial intelligence. Some of the problems studied are in interstate conflict, credit scoring, breast cancer diagnosis, condition monitoring, wine testing, image processing and optical character recognition. The author discusses and applies the concept of flexibly-bounded rationality which prescribes that the bounds in Nobel Laureate Herbert Simon’s bounded rationality theory are flexible due to advanced signal processing techniques, Moore’s Law and artificial intelligence. Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Rational Decision Making examines and defines the concepts of causal and correlation machines and applies the transmission theory of causality as a defining factor that distinguishes causality from correlation. It develops the theory of rational counterfactuals which are defined as counterfactuals that are intended to maximize the attainment of a particular goal within the context of a bounded rational decision making process. Furthermore, it studies four methods for dealing with irrelevant information in decision making: Theory of the marginalization of irrelevant information Principal component analysis Independent component analysis Automatic relevance determination method In addition it studies the concept of group decision making and various ways of effecting group decision making within the context of artificial intelligence. Rich in methods of artificial intelligence including rough sets, neural networks, support vector machines, genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization, simulated annealing, incremental learning and fuzzy networks, this book will be welcomed by researchers and students working in these areas.

AI and IOT in Renewable Energy

AI and IOT in Renewable Energy
Author: Rabindra Nath Shaw,Nishad Mendis,Saad Mekhilef,Ankush Ghosh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 109
Release: 2021-05-12
ISBN: 9811610118
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI and IOT in Renewable Energy Book Excerpt:

This book presents the latest research on applications of artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things in renewable energy systems. Advanced renewable energy systems must necessarily involve the latest technology like artificial intelligence and Internet of Things to develop low cost, smart and efficient solutions. Intelligence allows the system to optimize the power, thereby making it a power efficient system; whereas, Internet of Things makes the system independent of wire and flexibility in operation. As a result, intelligent and IOT paradigms are finding increasing applications in the study of renewable energy systems. This book presents advanced applications of artificial intelligence and the internet of things in renewable energy systems development. It covers such topics as solar energy systems, electric vehicles etc. In all these areas applications of artificial intelligence methods such as artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic and a combination of the above, called hybrid systems, are included. The book is intended for a wide audience ranging from the undergraduate level up to the research academic and industrial communities engaged in the study and performance prediction of renewable energy systems.

Artificial Intelligence for Renewable Energy Systems

Artificial Intelligence for Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Ajay Kumar Vyas,S. Balamurugan,Kamal Kant Hiran,Harsh S. Dhiman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2022-03-02
ISBN: 1119761697
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence for Renewable Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS Renewable energy systems, including solar, wind, biodiesel, hybrid energy, and other relevant types, have numerous advantages compared to their conventional counterparts. This book presents the application of machine learning and deep learning techniques for renewable energy system modeling, forecasting, and optimization for efficient system design. Due to the importance of renewable energy in today’s world, this book was designed to enhance the reader’s knowledge based on current developments in the field. For instance, the extraction and selection of machine learning algorithms for renewable energy systems, forecasting of wind and solar radiation are featured in the book. Also highlighted are intelligent data, renewable energy informatics systems based on supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA); and intelligent condition monitoring of solar and wind energy systems. Moreover, an AI-based system for real-time decision-making for renewable energy systems is presented; and also demonstrated is the prediction of energy consumption in green buildings using machine learning. The chapter authors also provide both experimental and real datasets with great potential in the renewable energy sector, which apply machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) algorithms that will be helpful for economic and environmental forecasting of the renewable energy business. Audience The primary target audience includes research scholars, industry engineers, and graduate students working in renewable energy, electrical engineering, machine learning, information & communication technology.