Handbook Of Hindu Mythology

Author by : George M. Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Unlike many other ancient mythologies, Hinduism thrives in the modern world. One billion followers and countless others have been captivated by its symbolic representations of love, karma, and reincarnation. Handbook of Hindu Mythology offers an informative introduction to this dauntingly complex mythology of multifaceted deities, lengthy heroic tales, and arcane philosophies-all with a 3,000-year history of reinterpretations and adaptations. Williams offers a number of pathways by which to approach Hinduism's ever-changing gods and goddesses (e.g., Brahm�, Vishnu, Siva), spiritual verses (such as the vedas), secular epics (including the R�m�yana and the Mah�bh�rata), myths within myths, devotional and esoteric traditions, psychic and yogic disciplines, and magical practices. With this handbook, readers can explore the history of Hindu mythology, follow a detailed timeline of key episodes and historical events, and look up specific elements of historical or contemporary Hinduism in a beautifully illustrated reference work. It is the ideal introduction to the origins of Hinduism, the culture that shaped it from antiquity to the present, and the age-old stories, ideas, and traditions that speak to the human condition as eloquently today as ever. Including annotated bibliographies, a glossary of cultural and mythological terms, and numerous illustrations, here is a gold mine of information on Hindu mythology.


Myth Mithya

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin Books India
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
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Description : A Decoding Of Hindu Mythology Hindus Have One God. They Also Have 330 Million Gods: Male Gods, Female Gods, Personal Gods, Family Gods, Household Gods, Village Gods, Gods Of Space And Time, Gods For Specific Castes And Particular Professions, Gods Who Reside In Trees, In Animals, In Minerals, In Geometrical Patterns And In Man-Made Objects. Then There Are A Whole Host Of Demons. But No Devil. In This Groundbreaking Book Dr Devdutt Pattanaik, One Of India S Most Popular Mythologists, Seeks An Answer To These Apparent Paradoxes And Unravels An Inherited Truth About Life And Death, Nature And Culture, Perfection And Possibility. He Retells Sacred Hindu Stories And Decodes Hindu Symbols And Rituals, Using A Unique Style Of Commentary, Illustrations And Diagrams. We Discover Why The Villainous Kauravas Went To Heaven And The Virtuous Pandavas (All Except Yudhishtira) Were Sent To Hell; Why Rama Despite Abandoning The Innocent Sita Remains The Model King; Why The Blood-Drinking Kali Is Another Form Of The Milk-Giving Gauri; And Why Shiva Wrenched Off The Fifth Head Of Brahma. Constructed Over Generations, Hindu Myths Serve As Windows To The Soul, And Provide An Understanding Of The World Around Us. The Aim Is Not To Outgrow Myth, But To Be Enriched And Empowered By Its Ancient, Potent And Still Relevant Language.


Myth

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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A Handbook Of Hindu Mythology

Author by : William Joseph Wilkins
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
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Culture 50 Insights From Mythology

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harper Collins
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
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Description : How do myths and stories influence culture? What is the difference between one culture and another, and how did these differences come to be? Are cultures fixed or do they change over time? Devdutt Pattanaik, India's leading mythologist, breaks down the complex maze of stories, symbols and rituals to examine how they shape cultures. He investigates how stories influence perception and construct truths, the cultural roots of the notion of evil and reveals the need for mythology through a telling of various Indian and Western myths. In doing so, he shows how myths reflect the culture they emerge from while simultaneously reinforcing the source. Culture is a groundbreaking work that contextualizes mythology and proposes that myths are alive, dynamic, shaped by perception and the times one lives in.


Shiva To Shankara Giving Form To The Formless

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : HarperCollins
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
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Description : We live in times where people have extreme views. On the one hand, there are scholars who describe Shiva's linga literally as a phallus, and see all metaphoric meaning as embarrassed apology of the uneducated. On the other hand, we have puritanical Hindus who want to strip the Shiva linga of all sexual meaning and sanitize Shiva's lore. In both cases, a symbol is being reduced to a sign. In Shiva to Shankara, Devdutt Pattanaik, India's leading mythologist, seeks to bridge the gap. As he explores the layers of meanings embedded in Shiva's linga, we discover why and how the Goddess transforms Shiva, the hermit, into Shankara, the householder.


Weapons Of The Gods

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
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Description : We are told to follow the path of ahimsa (non-violence), but our devis and devatas are always ready for war. What is the reason for this? How does Shiva hold space and time in the same hands in which he holds his bow Pinak? Who made all these weapons? And what do our scriptures say about using weapons for mass destruction? Devdutt explores the dramatic, fantastic weapons of the gods. From Indra’s Vajra made of bones of a sage, to the bow of Kama, made of sugarcane, butterflies and bees with flowers for arrows, read all about the intricacies of ancient weaponry and their symbolic meaning in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


The Colour Divine

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
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Description : The Indian tradition of colour has two branches–the vairagya (the ascetic) which keeps things simple, and the grihastha (the householder) which features a riot of colours to rival the rainbow. Colours signify well-being, prosperity and good luck. Perhaps that’s why Indian gods are steeped in a tradition of colour symbolism. Why is Krishna as blue as the sky, and Shiva the grey of ashes? Why do Laxmi and Durga wear bold red saris while Saraswati wears white? Why is black considered inauspicious by some, but the colour of Kali Ma? Walk through the many shades of meaning in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Who Created The Universe

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
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Description : Did Brahma create the universe? Was it born out of the sacrifice of Prajapati? Did his wife Shatarupa create animals while being pursued by him? Or was it all a product of Manu? A Vedic poet says that for anything to be created in the universe, it must be preceded by desire. If desire is the seed, the cosmos is its fruit. A Shaiva story says that in the beginning there was a golden woman in the shape of a lotus, and when it bloomed, Brahma was in it, and he then divided into Shiva and Shakti. The Vaishnava tradition says that in the beginning, everything was asleep – and then Vishnu awoke, and the first creation was born of the fear of loneliness. The Shakta tradition says that before the earth was born, Shiva was doing tapasya and there was pralaya – everything was frozen and barren. Then Parvati emerged from the mountain and seduced and married him. The heat or energy within him was then released and the snow started to melt and the earth became fertile. Which is it? Discover all these origin myths and more in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Pashu

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Puffin Books
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Total Read : 79
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Leader 50 Insights From Mythology

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harper Collins
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 327
File Size : 48,6 Mb
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Description : What does the Biblical story of Nathan and David say about effective communication skills? How do you identify the Raja Bhoj, the Gangu Teli and the Shekchilli in your office? What is the corporate equivalent of an Ashwamedha yajna? Drawing from sources as diverse as the Mahabharata and the Bible, the Vikram-Betal stories, the Iliad and the Odyssey, Islamic tenets, the tales of rishis and kings, and fables from around the world, Devdutt Pattanaik, India's leading mythologist, provides a fascinating account of what leadership entails. How to choose the right leader, effective communication with a boss, maintaining the right balance between discipline and leniency - on these and other workplace situations, Pattanaik shows what leaders of today can learn about the art of leadership from stories written thousands of years ago, things no management course can teach them. Leader: 50 Insights from Mythology uses myths and legends to arrive at wisdom that is both time-worn and refreshingly new on what makes a good leader.


The Book Of Ram

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
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Total Read : 13
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Description : He is Eka-vachani, a king who always keeps his word; Eka-bani, an archer who strikes his target with the first arrow; and Eka-patni, a husband who is eternally and absolutely devoted to a single wife. He is maryada purushottam Ram, the supreme upholder of social values, the scion of the Raghu clan, jewel of the solar dynasty, the seventh avatar of Vishnu, God who establishes order in worldly life. Hindus believe that in stressful and tumultuous times chanting Ram’s name and hearing his tale, the Ramayan, brings stability, hope, peace and prosperity. Reviled by feminists, appropriated by politicians, Ram remains serene in his majesty, the only Hindu deity to be worshipped as a king.


What Came First

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
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Description : Itihas means this is how it was, this is how it is, and this is how it will continue to be. It means history, but it also means timeless. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata form a rich tapestry of Indian itihas. Which came first–the Ramayana or the Mahabharata? Are they actually historical events? Which one has Krishna’s raas-leela? Where is Shiva in this? What about the Devi? India’s favourite mythologist Devdutt Pattanaik tells you everything you didn’t know about our myths–a story born 2000 years ago teaching us the ageless tale of how to live in grace. Did you know the Laxman-rekha didn’t exist in the original Ramayana? Or that Radha is never mentioned in the original Krishna story? Perfect for this festive season, find out all this and more in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Yama

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
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Description : Do you know you have to go through 84 lakh births before you can be born into human form? Or that Yama is trapped in Naraka because he was the first human? Not everyone goes to the same Swarga or Naraka—do these places have VIP sections that can be reserved? And why did the Kauravas go to Swarga while the Pandavas were stuck in hell? The question of what happens after death is one that has plagued humanity since the beginning of time, and it reaches its symbolic peak in the complex cyclical Hindu tradition. Devdutt deftly unpacks our traditional narratives to uncover the deeper meanings behind well-worn stories. Find out what happens after death in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Ganesha

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
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Description : Why is Ganesha such a popular god despite being only 1500 years old? Did you know he is the god associated with the maxmimum number of symbols? Why is his vehicle a rat? Why does he carry an axe? Because of Ganesha, the terrifying Kali becomes the maternal Gauri, and the sanyasi Shiav becomes a father and householder – Ganesha is the god of domestic life. His devotees can represent him as they wish – these days his potbelly has been replaced with six-pack abs! Ganpati’s own history, his changing roles, indicate how Indian society has changed over time – in Mumbai, Ganpati has taken on a form which didn’t exist 100 years ago! Find out more about this beloved god of good luck and auspiciousness this festive season in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Everything You Need To Know About The Gita

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
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Description : How did the Gita become the most important granth of the Hindu tradition? How old is it in our culture? What role did the British play in making it famous and why? What is the essence of the Gita? Devdutt encapsulates the meaning of one of Hinduism’s greatest texts in an accessible, understandable and profoundly compassionate way. He brings to life the ageless comfort of Krishna’s sayings: whatever is meant to happen will happen. Don’t expect to be perfect. You cannot blame anyone else for what will happen to you. He showcases the wisdom of the ages with beautiful simplicity and emotional grace. Find out more about this exquisite text in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


A Boon And A Curse

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
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Description : Every karma is a seed and every action has a reaction – and sometimes, a boon or a curse. Can an action ever be completely bad or good? Why do rishis curse so much? Can the gods be cursed? Which is the most intelligent curse? Are there only two choices? Or can there be a point between good and bad, vardaan and shraap, punya and paap. Once a curse or boon has been offered, can it ever be taken back? Filled with stories of famous curses and amusing anecdotes, this explores the notion of being a good person, but also deciding the goodness or lack thereof in another. Find out about the many facets of karma and ethics in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Why Is The Ganga Holy

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 192
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : The Ganga is described as a very beautiful woman—voluptuous and fecund—carrying a water pot in her hand and travels on a Makara, a creature with the tail of a fish and the head of an elephant. Does the Ganga flow from Shiva’s hair? Does she rise from Vishnu’s feet? Is she the wife of Shiva or of Vishnu? As the daughter of water, can a river ever have a lord, and be controlled? Devdutt dips into the world of the Goddess Ganga, bringing to life the reasons why we revere this river and depend on her for the cycle of rebirth and freedom. Dive into the nuanced humanity of this delightful goddess in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


A Match Made In Heaven

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
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Description : Can a human being marry a god? There are a few gods who are brahmachari, bachelors—why is that? Devis are called kumaris—are they brahmachari? Why are most of our gods married? How many wives does Vishnu really have? And our gods are polygamous but our society is not . . . why? Vivaah is meant to be a metaphysical union of the body and the soul, but our gods also love and marry as we do. With compelling love stories and thoughtful interpretations of the societal movements from polygamy to monogamy, we find here a rare insight into the personal lives of the gods themselves and the concept of marriage through the ages. Join Devdutt on a lovely romp through the deeper meaning of sanskaari romance in India through the ages with this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Olympus

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin Enterprise
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
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Description : - Olympus is the home of the Greek gods, much like Amravati of the Hindu devas. - Zeus, leader of Olympians, wields a thunderbolt like Indra, and rides an eagle like Vishnu. - The feats of the Greek hero Heracles, known to Romans as Hercules, reminded many of Krishna, as did his name, 'Hari-kula-esha' or lord of the Hari clan. - The Greek epic of a husband sailing across the sea with a thousand ships to bring his wife, Helen, back from Troy seems strikingly similar to the story of Ram rescuing Sita from Lanka. Is there a connection between Greek and Hindu mythology then? Does it have something to do with a common Indo-European root? Or maybe an exchange of ideas in the centuries that followed the arrival of Alexander the Great, when Greek emissaries travelled to the kingdoms of Mathura and Magadha? In this book, mythologist Devdutt Pattanaik turns his attention to ancient Greek tales, and explores a new world of stories. Long have Europeans and Americans retold Indic mythologies. It is time for Indians to reverse the gaze.


Shakti

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
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Description : The three devis are forms of Shakti and consorts of the three gods—but aren’t the Tridevi superior to the Trimurti? Did the Devi come before the Bhagvan, or after? Can it be true that without Shakti, Shiva is dead? Finding the feminism in spirituality, Devdutt shows us the intrinsic balance built into Hindu scripture and culture through our goddesses. Annapurna shows Shiva that no matter how ascetic, even sages need food to eat, and that there is greatness in feeding the hungry. Durga showed Shiva that a monster that cannot be killed by a deva or asura might be killed by a woman instead. Saraswati and Laxmi—knowledge and wealth—are the fruit of labour, born of desire. Find out more about an ancient tradition of venerating the female in a natural equality in this short and sweet read from Devlok.


Devlok

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
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Description : Why do we offer Vishnu butter, but Shiva milk? Why is Krishna offered the chappanbhog—fifty-six items of food—during Annakuta? Do the goddesses not like bhog? Where does the custom of hanging a lemon and seven chillies come from? Is there a legendary male cook among the gods? Anna is called Brahmin, the way bhasha is called Brahmin. Food and the action of eating maintain life. And yet, traditionally the devis remind you that whenever you eat, you’ve killed something, sacrificed someone, even plants which come from farms, decimating forests and rivers. The devi reminds one that to build your civilization—sanskriti—you destroy your nature—prakriti. Feast your mind on intricate details behind how we offer food to the gods, and why certain foods are part of the Indian tradition, in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Stars And Planets

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
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Description : Why do the Vedas give so much importance to stars and planets? What is a rashi, and what is a nakshatra? Are all nakshatras wives of the moon Chandra, and why does Chandra wax and wane? Do you know the love story of the sun and the the flower raat ki rani? What is Shanivar, Saturday, there to teach you? Devdutt brings the sky to life with his thrilling stories of our celestial folklore. From the place of homosexuality in the puranas to the enchanting wedding ritual of searching for the star Arundhati, the night sky comes alive with romance and wonder in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


Indra

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
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Description : Indra is the king of the gods, and yet, he is not worshipped with the Trimurti. Why is this? He is the god of luxury, who has a cow, a tree and a jewel which will fulfil all wishes, and he watches apsaras dance and gandharvas sing. But for all his pleasure and wealth–Indra does not have peace of mind. He is under constant attack from asuras, and in one story, he asks his most beautiful apsara to disturb the tapasya of the great Vishwamitra. Indra achieves success, becomes lazy, loses his kingdom, works hard to regain it, becomes lazy again–and the circle of life goes on. What is the meaning of this? Delve into the story of the god of the body, in this short, sweet read from Devlok.


I Am Divine So Are You

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : HarperCollins India
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 872
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Description : In 2015, a historic panel discussion took place at the global Festival of Theology held in Sweden. Its objective was to examine what the sacred texts of the Abrahamic faiths - Judaism, Christianity and Islam - had to say about human sexuality. By bringing in perspectives from the Karmic faiths of Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Hinduism, which together represent the beliefs of almost a third of the world's population, I Am Divine. So Are You expands this conversation between world religions and human sexuality to a truly global level. The theology of Karmic faiths is revealed at the intersection of scripture, culture, rituals and lived realities. And hence they are dynamic and amenable to a multiplicity of perspectives. They lend themselves more easily to a recognition and acceptance of fluidity in human sexuality. This is a landmark book as it recasts religion - especially Karmic faiths - as an ally and not an adversary of queer emancipation and thus significantly informs the secular and legal movements for LGBTQ rights around the world.


Behold I Make All Things New How Judaism Christianity And Islam Affirm The Dignity Of Queer Identities And Sexualities

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harper Collins
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 758
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : In 2015, a historic panel discussion took place at the global Festival of Theology held in Sweden. Its objective was to examine what the sacred texts of the Abrahamic faiths - Judaism, Christianity and Islam - had to say about human sexuality. Behold, I Make All Things New is the outcome of the effort. This is a landmark work that recasts religion - especially Abrahamic faiths - as an ally and not an adversary of queer emancipation, and thus significantly informs the secular and legal movements for LGBTQ rights around the world. It follows in the same vein as I Am Divine, So Are You (2017), which put forth perspectives on sexuality from the Karmic faiths of Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Hinduism, and played a small but significant role in the reading down of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. Taken together, the two groundbreaking books expand the conversation between world religions and human sexuality to a truly global level.


Jaya

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin Books India
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
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Description : High above the sky stands Swarga, paradise, abode of the gods. Still above is Vaikuntha, heaven, abode of God. The doorkeepers of Vaikuntha are the twins, Jaya and Vijaya, both whose names mean 'victory'. One keeps you in Swarga; the other raises you into Vaikuntha. In Vaikuntha there is bliss forever, in Swarga there is pleasure for only as long as you deserve. What is the difference between Jaya and Vijaya? Solve this puzzle and you will solve the mystery of the Mahabharata. In this enthralling retelling of India's greatest epic, the Mahabharata, originally known as Jaya, Devdutt Pattanaik seamlessly weaves into a single narrative plots from the Sanskrit classic as well as its many folk and regional variants, including the Pandavani of Chattisgarh, Gondhal of Maharashtra, Terukkuttu of Tamil Nadu, and Yakshagana of Kamataka. Richly illustrated with over 250 line drawings by the author, the 108 chapters abound with little-known details such as the names of the hundred Kauravas, the worship of Draupadi as a goddess in Tamil Nadu, the stories of Astika, Madhavi, Jamini, Aravan and Barnareek, the Mahabharata version of the Shakuntaiam and the Ramayana, and the dating of the war based on astronomical data. With clarity and simplicity, the tales in the elegant volume reveal the eternal relevance of the Mahabharata, the complex and disturbing meditation on the human condition that has shaped Indian thought for over 3000 years.


Sita

Author by : Devdutt Pattanaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin Global
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
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Description : It is significant that the only character in Hindu mythology, a king at that, to be given the title of ekam-patni-vrata, devoted to a single wife, is associated with the most unjust act of abandoning her in the forest to protect family reputation. This seems a deliberate souring of an uplifting narrative. Ram's refusal to remarry to produce a royal heir adds to the complexity. The intention seems to be to provoke thought on notions of fidelity, property and self-image. And so the mythologist and illustrator Devdutt Pattanaik retells the Ramayana, drawing attention to the many oral, visual and written retellings composed in different times, in different places, by different poets, each one trying to solve the puzzle in its own unique way. This book approaches Ram by speculating on Sita: her childhood with her father, Janaka, who hosted sages mentioned in the Upanishads; her stay in the forest with her husband, who had to be a celibate ascetic while she was in the prime of her youth; her interactions with the women of Lanka, recipes she exchanged, emotions they shared; her connection with the earth, her mother, and with the trees, her sisters; her role as the Goddess, the untamed Kali as well as the demure Gauri, in transforming the stoic prince of Ayodhya into God.