History Of The Federal Parole System

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : William S. Hein & Co., Inc.
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Description : This title presents a chronological history of the federal parole system from its origin through the present day. It provides a list of the 63 men and women who have served as Members/Commissioners of the U.S. Board of Parole/U.S. Parole Commission, plus a brief biographical sketch of each person. The work also illustrates the workload of the Board of Parole and Parole Commission from 1931 until now and contains a list of books, articles, and other materials relevant to the history of the federal parole system.


History Of The Federal Parole System

Author by : Peter B. Hoffman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Updated edition of an earlier history of the Parole Commission prepared by Dr. Peter B. Hoffman when he was Staff Director of the Parole Commission. Contents: A Chronological History of the Federal Parole System 1867-2002; Brief Biographical Sketches of the Members & Commissioners of the U.S. Board of Parole & U.S. Parole Commission; Biographical Sketches of the U.S. Parole Commission; & Selected Bibliography.


Prisons And The American Conscience

Author by : Paul W. Keve
Languange : en
Publisher by : SIU Press
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Description : In tracing the evolution of federal imprisonment, Paul W. Keve emphasizes the ways in which corrections history has been affected by and is reflective of other trends in the political and cultural life of the United States. The federal penal system has undergone substantial evolution over two hundred years. Keve divides this evolutionary process into three phases. During the first phase, from 1776 through the end of the nineteenth century, no federal prisons existed in the United States. Federal prisoners were simply boarded in state or local facilities. It was in the second phase, starting with the passage of the Three Prison Act by Congress in 1891, that federal facilities were constructed at Leavenworth and Atlanta, while the old territorial prison at McNeil Island in Washington eventually became, in effect, the third prison. In this second phase, the federal government began the enormous task of providing its own prison cells. Still, there was no effective supervisory force to make a prison system. In 1930, the Federal Bureau of Prisons was created, marking the third phase of the prison system’s evolution. The Bureau, in its first sixty years of existence, introduced numerous correctional innovations, thereby building an effective, centrally controlled prison system with progressive standards. Keve details the essential characteristics of this now mature system, guiding the reader through the historical process to the present day.


Corrections Federal And State Parole Systems

Author by : United States Committee on th Judiciary
Languange : en
Publisher by : Forgotten Books
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Description : Excerpt from Corrections, Federal and State Parole Systems: Hearings Before the Subcommittee No. 3 of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Ninety-Second Congress, Second Session; Corrections, Part VII-B As one reviews the history of the Federal Probation System, one finds that at the outset, our primary responsibilities were devoted to presentence investiga tions and supervision of probationers and parolees for the courts and the Fed eral Parole Board. Experience has shown the validity of a combined probation and parole service, but over the years many new duties have been added and fundamental changes in community conditions are presenting unanticipated de mands upon our time. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Introduction To Corrections

Author by : David H. McElreath
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
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Description : Millions in our nation are under some type of judicial sanction, with some individuals behind bars but the majority serving their sentences while living and working among us. Introduction to Corrections examines predominant issues related to the system of administering to offenders in the United States. Written in a simple, concise style and enhanced with discussion questions and a list of key terms in each chapter, this volume begins with an overview of the system and a historical review and then focuses on select issues, including: Sentencing goals and rationales, and types of sentencing Noncustodial supervision, including probation, electronic monitoring, home confinement, halfway houses, and offender registration Parole and postconfinement release Jail, prison, and jurisdictional differences in correction systems Challenges faced by corrections personnel, including overcrowding, health issues, sexual assault in institutions, and prison gangs Constitutional challenges to inmate controls Issues related to victims’ rights, including federal and state funds and notification programs Correctional counseling perspectives and prevailing sociological theories Controversies surrounding capital punishment in the United States Juvenile corrections, including probation, parole, and life sentences for minors The evolution of corrections in the United States has spanned three centuries and has moved from an origin of basic community-based confinement to an extensive system that includes federal, state, local, private, and military facilities and programs. Examining diverse topics relevant to a range of professionals in the corrections community, this book explores the functions of corrections as well as those who serve in the profession.


Handbook On Moving Corrections And Sentencing Forward

Author by : Pamela K. Lattimore
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 22
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Description : This volume addresses major issues and research in corrections and sentencing with the goal of using previous research and findings as a platform for recommendations about future research, evaluation, and policy. The last several decades witnessed major policy changes in sentencing and corrections in the United States, as well as considerable research to identify the most effective strategies for addressing criminal behavior. These efforts included changes in sentencing that eliminated parole and imposed draconian sentences for violent and drug crimes. The federal government, followed by most states, implemented sentencing guidelines that greatly reduced the discretion of the courts to impose sentences. The results were a multifold increase in the numbers of individuals in jails and prisons and on community supervision—increases that have only recently crested. There were also efforts to engage prosecutors and the courts in diversion and oversight, including the development of prosecutorial diversion programs, as well as a variety of specialty courts. Penal reform has included efforts to understand the transitions from prison to the community, including federal-led efforts focused on reentry programming. Community corrections reforms have ranged from increased surveillance through drug testing, electronic monitoring, and in some cases, judicial oversight, to rehabilitative efforts driven by risk and needs assessment. More recently, the focus has included pretrial reform to reduce the number of people held in jail pending trial, efforts that have brought attention to the use of bail and its disproportionate impact on people of color and the poor. This collection of chapters from leading researchers addresses a wide array of the latest research in the field. A unique approach featuring responses to the original essays by active researchers spurs discussion and provides a foundation for developing directions for future research and policymaking.


The Cambridge Handbook Of Forensic Psychology

Author by : Jennifer M. Brown
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : In the decade since the publication of the first edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology, the field has expanded into areas such as social work and education, while maintaining the interest of criminal justice researchers and policy makers. This new edition provides cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of the key theoretical perspectives, assessment methods, and interventions in forensic psychology. The chapters address substantive topics such as acquisitive crime, domestic violence, mass murder, and sexual violence, while also exploring emerging areas of research such as the expansion of cybercrime, particularly child sexual exploitation, as well as aspects of terrorism and radicalisation. Reflecting the global reach of forensic psychology and its wide range of perspectives, the international team of contributors emphasise diversity and cross-reference between adults, adolescents, and children to deliver a contemporary picture of the discipline.


The Oxford History Of The Prison

Author by : Norval Morris
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 950
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Description : Ranging from ancient times to the present, a survey of the evolution of the prison explores its relationship to the history of Western criminal law and offers a look at the social world of prisoners over the centuries


Administrative Notes

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 72
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Description :


Hispanics In The U S Criminal Justice System

Author by : Martin Guevara Urbina
Languange : en
Publisher by : Charles C Thomas Publisher
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
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Description : This updated and expanded new edition resumes the theme of the first edition, and the findings reveal that race, ethnicity, gender, class, and several other variables continue to play a significant and consequential role in the legal decision-making process. The book is structured into three sections, each of which corresponds to a different body of work on Latinos. Section One explores the historical dynamics and influence of ethnicity in law enforcement, and focuses on how ethnicity impacts policing field practices, such as traffic stops, use of force, and the subsequent actions that police departments have employed to alleviate these problems. A detailed examination of critical issues facing Latino defendants seeks to better understand the law enforcement process. The history of immigration laws as it pertains to Mexicans and Latinos explains how Mexicans have been excluded from the United States through anti-immigrant legislation. Latino officers must cope with structural and political issues, the community, and media, as these practices and experiences within the American police system are explored. Section Two focuses on the repressive practices against Mexicans that resulted in executions, vigilantism, and mass expulsions. The topic of Latinos and the Fourth Amendment reveals that the constitutional right of people to be protected against unreasonable searches and seizures has been eviscerated for Latinos, and particularly for Mexicans. Possible remedies to existing shortcomings of the court system when processing indigent defendants are presented. Section Three studies the issue of Hispanics and the penal system. The ethnic realities of life behind bars, probation and parole, the legacy of capital punishment, and life after prison are discussed. Section Four addresses the globalization of Latinos, social control, and the future of Latinos in the U.S. Criminal justice system. Lastly, the race and ethnic experience through the lens of science, law, and the American imagination, are explored, concluding with policy recommendations for social and criminal justice reform, and ultimately humanizing differences. Written for professionals and students of law enforcement, this book will promote the understanding of the historical legacy of brutality, manipulation, oppression, marginalization, prejudice, discrimination, power and control, and white America's continued fear about racial and ethnic minorities.


Law Enforcement In The United States

Author by : James A. Conser
Languange : en
Publisher by : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
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Description : Law Enforcement, Policing, & Security


American Criminal Courts

Author by : Casey Welch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 15
Total Download : 548
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Description : American Criminal Courts: Legal Process and Social Context is an introductory-level text that offers a comprehensive study of the legal processes that guide criminal courts and the social contexts that introduce variations in the activities of actors inside and outside the court. Specifically the text focuses upon: Legal Processes. U.S. criminal courts are constrained by several legal processes and organizational structures that determine how the courts operate and how laws are applied. This book explores how democratic processes develop the criminal law in the United States, the documents that define law (federal and state constitutions, legal codes, administrative policies), the organizational structure of courts at the federal and state levels, the overlapping authority of the appeals process, and the effect of legal processes such as precedent, jurisdiction, and the underlying legal philosophies of various types of courts. Although most texts on criminal courts do a credible job of describing legal processes, this text looks more deeply into the origins of criminal law, historic turning points in the criminal law, conditions that affect the decision-making of criminal justice practitioners, and the contentious political process that affects how criminal laws are considered. Social Contexts. The criminal courts are staffed by people who represent different perspectives, occupational pressures, and organizational goals. The text includes chapters on actors in the traditional courtroom workgroup (judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys), as well as those outside the court who seek to influence it, including advocacy groups, media, and politicians. It is the interplay between the court legal processes and the social actors in the courtroom that makes the application of the criminal laws so fascinating. By focusing on the tension between the law (legal processes) and the actors inside and outside the courts system (social contexts), this text demonstrates how the courts are a product of "law in action," and it presents the course content in a way that enables students to understand not only the "how" of the U.S. criminal court system but also the "why."


The Global Decline Of The Mandatory Death Penalty

Author by : Andrew Novak
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
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Description : Historically, at English common law, the death penalty was mandatory for the crime of murder and other violent felonies. Over the last three decades, however, many former British colonies have reformed their capital punishment regimes to permit judicial sentencing discretion, including consideration of mitigating factors. Applying a comparative analysis to the law of capital punishment, Novak examines the constitutional jurisprudence and resulting legislative reform in the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Southeast Asia, focusing on the rapid retreat of the mandatory death penalty in the Commonwealth over the last thirty years. The coordinated mandatory death penalty challenges - which have had the consequence of greatly reducing the world’s death row population - represent a case study of how a small group of lawyers can sponsor human rights litigation that incorporates international human rights law into domestic constitutional jurisprudence, ultimately harmonizing criminal justice regimes across borders. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the study and development of human rights and capital punishment, as well as those exploring the contours of comparative criminal justice.


The Oxford Handbook Of Sentencing And Corrections

Author by : Joan Petersilia
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 288
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : This handbook surveys American sentencing and corrections from global and historical views, from theoretical and policy perspectives, and with attention to a number of problem-specific issues.


The Federal Prison System 1964

Author by : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on National Penitentiaries
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 34
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Description :


Unusually Cruel

Author by : Marc Morjé Howard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Total Read : 46
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File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : The United States incarcerates far more people than any other country in the world, at rates nearly ten times higher than other liberal democracies. Indeed, while the U.S. is home to 5 percent of the world's population, it contains nearly 25 percent of its prisoners. But the extent of American cruelty goes beyond simply locking people up. At every stage of the criminal justice process - plea bargaining, sentencing, prison conditions, rehabilitation, parole, and societal reentry - the U.S. is harsher and more punitive than other comparable countries. In Unusually Cruel, Marc Morjé Howard argues that the American criminal justice and prison systems are exceptional - in a truly shameful way. Although other scholars have focused on the internal dynamics that have produced this massive carceral system, Howard provides the first sustained comparative analysis that shows just how far the U.S. lies outside the norm of established democracies. And, by highlighting how other countries successfully apply less punitive and more productive policies, he provides plausible solutions to addressing America's criminal justice quagmire.


Federal Parole Decision Making

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 51
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Description :


Criminal Justice

Author by : Alejandro Del Carmen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Houghton Mifflin College Division
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Total Read : 79
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Description :


Justice Before The Law

Author by : Michael Huemer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
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File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : Americas legal system harbors serious, widespread injustices. Many defendants are sent to prison for nonviolent offenses, including many victimless crimes. Convicts often serve draconian sentences in crowded prisons rife with abuse. Almost all defendants are convicted without trial because prosecutors threaten defendants with drastically higher sentences if they request a trial. Most Americans are terrified of encountering any kind of legal trouble, knowing that both civil and criminal courts are extremely slow, unreliable, and expensive to use. This book explores the largest injustices in the legal system and what can be done about them. Besides proposing institutional reforms, the author argues that prosecutors, judges, lawyers, and jury members ought to place justice before the law for example, by refusing to enforce unjust laws or impose unjust sentences. Issues addressed include: The philosophical basis for judgments about rights and justice The problems of overcriminalization and mass incarceration Abuse of power by police and prosecutors The injustice of plea bargaining The appropriateness of jury nullification The authority of the law, or the lack thereof Justice Before the Law is essential reading for everyone interested in legal ethics, the rule of law, and criminal justice. It is also ideal for students of legal philosophy.


Federal Probation

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


Biennial Report

Author by : United States. Board of Parole
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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Description :


Social History And Social Policy

Author by : David J. Rothman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
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Description : Social History and Social Policy is a collection of papers that explores the correlation of social history and social policy. Each article in the book are prepared by social historians, preoccupied in the study of the origins and structure of health systems, urban planning, schools, and pension programs, who seek to change the process of social policy formation. The book is divided into three sections. Part I serves as an introduction and provides the history of social institutions. The second part deals with the history of social problems, discussing public employee pension problems; policies on health care; and a few aspects of the history of criminal justice in the United States. The last part provides the uses of history in the making of social policy. The text will be a valuable source of insight for public administrators, politicians, policy makers, political leaders, and analysts.