History Of The Sikhs The Sikh Commonwealth Or Rise And Fall Of Sikh Misls

Author by : Hari Ram Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Limited
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Description : Illustrations: 4 Maps Description: History of the Sikhs is a five volume series which deals with all aspects-religious, philosophical, political, military, social, economic and cultural, and the contribution of Sikhism to world civilization, in particular to human rights, principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, and to the creed of democracy and secularism. The aim is to present a comprehensive view of the rise, growth and development of Sikh thought and action almost in every direction. The whole series is based on original contemporary sources in English, Gurmukhi, Marathi, Persian and Urdu known to exist in India and abroad. This fourth volume deals with the rise and fall of Sikh misls. In Sikh history this term was first used by Guru Gobind Singh in the battle Bhangani in 1688, when he organised his forces into eleven misls. Banda Bahadur adopted the same organisation of eleven divisions in the battle of Sarhind in May 1710. In 1734 Nawab Kapur Singh divided the Khalsa into Budha Dal and Taruna Dal, both comprising eleven groups. This division was permanently adopted at the formation of Dal Khalsa in 1748. The Phulkian states were not a Sikh misl. They developed as petty kingdoms from the beginning. They owed allegiance to the Mughals and Durranis, the enemies of their faith. They purchased titles from them. The Sikh misls never agreed to serve under Muslim masters. Lahna Singh Bhangi flatly rejected to become Ahmad Shah Durrani's viceroy of Panjab. Baghel Singh Karorasinghia controlled Delhi for nine months as an independent chief. He thrice turned down Emperor Shah Alam's firman appointing him governor of the Upper Ganga Doab. The Sikh misls dominated the whole country from river Indus to the Ganga, and from punch in Kashmir to the borders of Sind and Baluchistan. The Mughal Emperor, his prime ministers, Rohillas, Jats, Rajputs, Marathas, the British, hill rajas, and Durrani monarchs, all were terribly afraid of Sikh misls in spite of their complete disunity and mutual warfare. The misls in the western region were unceremoniously finished by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and by the British Government in the eastern region.


History Of The Sikhs

Author by : Hari Ram Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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International Bibliography Of Sikh Studies

Author by : Rajwant Singh Chilana
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The International Bibliography of Sikh Studies brings together all books, composite works, journal articles, conference proceedings, theses, dissertations, project reports, and electronic resources produced in the field of Sikh Studies until June 2004, making it the most complete and up-to-date reference work in the field today. One of the youngest religions of the world, Sikhism has progressively attracted attention on a global scale in recent decades. An increasing number of scholars is exploring the culture, history, politics, and religion of the Sikhs. The growing interest in Sikh Studies has resulted in an avalanche of literature, which is now for the first time brought together in the International Bibliography of Sikh Studies. This monumental work lists over 10,000 English-language publications under almost 30 subheadings, each representing a subfield in Sikh Studies. The Bibliography contains sections on a wide variety of subjects, such as Sikh gurus, Sikh philosophy, Sikh politics and Sikh religion. Furthermore, the encyclopedia presents an annotated survey of all major scholarly work on Sikhism, and a selective listing of electronic and web-based resources in the field. Author and subject indices are appended for the reader’s convenience.


Who S Who Of World Religions

Author by : John R. Hinnells
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : In historical terms, religions do not exist apart from the people who practise them. This is the first collection of biographical studies of figures from religions around the globe and from traditions both ancient and modern. It represents the work of an enormous international team of scholars, and although many entries involve original research, this substantial work of reference is intended to be of use to both the specialist and the general reader. Particular care has been taken to ensure a balance between religions and to include figures from the diverse branches of the different religions. Indexes and an extensive bibliography make it an invaluable working tool.


War Culture And Society In Early Modern South Asia 1740 1849

Author by : Kaushik Roy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
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Description : This book examines military success of the British in South Asia during the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries. Placing South Asian military history in global, comparative context, it examines military innovations; armies and how they conducted themselves; navies and naval warfare; major Indian military powers, and the British, explaining why they succeeded.


Chinese And Indian Warfare From The Classical Age To 1870

Author by : Kaushik Roy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : This book examines the differences and similarities between warfare in China and India before 1870, both conceptually and on the battlefield. By focusing on Chinese and Indian warfare, the book breaks the intellectual paradigm requiring non-Western histories and cultures to be compared to the West, and allows scholarship on two of the oldest civilizations to be brought together. An international group of scholars compare and contrast the modes and conceptions of warfare in China and India, providing important original contributions to the growing study of Asian military history.


War And Society In Afghanistan

Author by : Kaushik Roy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : This monograph analyses the rhythms of war and the geopolitical significance of Afghanistan with a focus on the interrelated concepts of weak/rentier state, great power rivalry, and counter-insurgency. It analyses why the Mughals, the British, the Soviets, and the Americans won the conventional wars in Afghanistan but were defeated in the unconventional ones. It takes a comprehensive view of the history of the region and provides a political and military narrative of conventional and unconventional war in Afghanistan during the last five centuries. It, therefore, covers wide ranging aspects such as empire building and military operations in Afghanistan in the pre-modern period, regular and irregular warfare in Afghanistan during the British era, the Russian intervention and the emergence of the fragile 'rentier state' after the world war, and the American and NATO activities and the nature of on-going war in light of the recent debates on the changing character of war in the twenty-first century. With a special emphasis on ecology, terrain, and logistics, this book explores the trajectory of state building and contextualizes the Afghan 'problem' as part of the wider struggle among the great powers for controlling the 'heart' of Eurasia.


History Of The Sikhs The Sikh Gurus 1469 1708

Author by : Hari Ram Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Illustrations: 3 Maps Description: History of the Sikhs is a five volume series dealing with all aspects-religious, philosophical, political, military, social, economic and cultural, and the contribution of Sikhism to world civilization, in particular to human rights, principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, and to the creed of democracy and secularism. The aim is to present a comprehensive view of the rise, growth and development of Sikh thought and action almost in every direction. The entire series is based on original contemporary sources in English, Gurmukhi, Marathi, Persian and Urdu known to exist in India and abroad. This first volume gives the story of Ten Masters who provided leadership to the downtrodden people of the Punjab both in religious and political fields for about two centuries. Their aim was to remove the bitterness that had persisted between the rulers and their subjects for the past five hundred years. They wished to create a new society based upon mutual brotherhood, and freedom of thought, expression and action. It was under the circumstances almost an impossible task. But there is nothing like a dream to create the future. Utopia today, flesh and blood tomorrow. Man's onward march requires that the heights around him should be ablaze with noble and glorious deeds of valour and self-sacrifice to serve as guiding lights. Such evolutionary and revolutionary models were furnished by Guru Arjan, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh, and his four sons-Ajit Singh (18 years), Jujhar Singh (14 years), Zorawar Singh (8 years), and Fatah Singh (5 years)-as well as by their numerous disciples like Bhais Mati Das, Sati Das and Dayal Das. The main feature of this book are: A critical appraisement of Guru Nanak's Janam Sakhis, justification for celebrating Guru Nanak's birthday in November instead of in April, Guru Nanak's compositions, Mardana's death at Baghdad, how Amritsar developed into a Sikh centre, Guru Arjan's martyrdom, why Guru Hargobind took to militarism, Guru Har Rae's residence at Nahan, Hukam Namas of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh's formula of five into five, his literary works and Hukam Namas, Emperor Bahadur Shah's pious fraud, eminent personalities and instructions, impact of Gurus'; teachings on Indian society, and why Jats became followers of Khatri Gurus.


History Of The Sikhs Evolution Of Sikh Confederacies 1708 69

Author by : Hari Ram Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Limited
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Description : Illustrations: 2 Maps and 2 Illustrations Description: History of the Sikhs planned as a five-volume survey aiming to present a comprehensive view of the rise, growth and development of Sikh thought and action in every direction. This volume Evolution of Sikh Confederacies 1708-69, is second in the series. The whole series is based on original contemporary sources in Persian, Marathi, Gurumukhi, Urdu, Hindi and English known to exist in India and abroad. The dominating theme of the second volume is the Mughal-Sikh and Sikh-Afghan contest for the lordship of the Punjab. The first period of the struggle between the Mughal Emperors and the Sikhs under Banda Bahadur lasted from 1709 to 1716, when Banda was executed. The second period of conflict was from 1716 to 1753 between the Sikhs and five Mughal viceroys of the Punjab-Abdus Samad Khan, his son Zakariya Khan, his sons Yahya Khan and Shahnawaz Khan and their cousin Muin-ul-Mulk, popularly called Mir Mannu. The third period extended from 1754 to 1768 in the strife against Ahmad Shah Durrani who had annexed the Punjab in 1752. He inflicted the heaviest blows on the Sikhs like the one struck on the Marathas at Panipat in 1761. Having sacrificed about two lakhs of young men in the whole struggle the Sikhs came out victorious. The two chapters at the end give an account of Mughlani Begam and Adina Beg Khan, the last Muslim viceroys of the Punjab.


History Of The Sikhs

Author by : Hari Ram Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Glory Of India

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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The Panjab Past And Present

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Indian National Bibliography

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sources Of The History Of India

Author by : Siba Pada Sen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Contributed articles.


Noblemen And Kinsmen

Author by : Preminder Singh Sandhawalia
Languange : en
Publisher by : Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Illustrations: 4 illustrations Description: Noblemen and Kinsmen is a rich and illuminating family history. Preminder Singh Sandhawalia casts his eye over the personalities and life-styles of members of his family from various generations, dating back to the seventeenth century and beyond. He introduces us to noblemen in Maharaja Ranjit Singh's court, to conspirators against the British Government in their quixotic attempt to recover the throne of Punjab for their collateral Maharaja Dalip Singh and to the present generation of kinsmen who are judges, soldiers and engineers and also claimants to the 'Kohinoor', a priceless 186 carat gem of dazzling beauty. This is the history of a remarkable family recounted in a pithy, engaging and thoroughly readable style. The author's prose remains sharp and fresh from cover to cover, and his manuscript exudes a powerful and highly infectious energy. The observations, characters and situations portrayed are relayed in vivid detail, so that each moment has a kind of living authenticity. The book's fluidity and natural tone belie its intricate construction, yet there can be no doubt that Mr. Sandhawalia took a great deal of time selecting and ordering his material with the requirements of the modern reader very much in mind.


The Sikhs In History

Author by : Sangat Singh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Accessions List South Asia

Author by : Library of Congress. Library of Congress Office, New Delhi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Accessions List South Asia

Author by : Library of Congress Office, New Delhi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description :


International Books In Print

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Muslims Under Sikh Rule In The Nineteenth Century

Author by : Robina Yasmin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Though the history of Sikh-Muslim relations is fraught with conflict, this book examines how the policies of Sikh rulers attempted to avoid religious bigotry and prejudice at a time when Muslims were treated as third-class citizens. Focusing on the socio-economic, political and religious condition of Muslims under Sikh rule in the Punjab during the 19th century, this book demonstrates that Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his successors took a secular approach towards their subjects. Using various archival sources, including the Fakir Khana Family archives and the Punjab Archives, the author argues citizens had freedom to practice their religion, with equal access to employment, education and justice.


Rise Of The Sikh Power In Punjab

Author by : N. M. Khilnani
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


A History Of The Sikhs

Author by : Hari Ram Gupta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :