Holy Terror Jesus In The Infancy Gospel Of Thomas

Author by : J.R.C. Cousland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
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File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : The Infancy Gospel of Thomas (or Paidika) is one of the most unusual gospels in the Christian tradition. Instead of revealing the compassionate Jesus so familiar to us from the biblical Gospels, it confronts its readers with a very different Jesus – a child who sometimes acts like a holy terror, killing and harming others for trifling faults. So why is Jesus portrayed as acting in such an 'unchristian' fashion? To address this question, Cousland focuses on three interconnected representations of Jesus in the Paidika: Jesus as holy terror, as child, and as miracle-working saviour. Cousland endeavours to show that, despite the differing character of these three roles, they present a unified picture. Jesus' unusual behaviour arises from his 'growing pains' as a developing child, who is at the same time both human and divine. Cousland's volume is the first detailed examination of the Christology of the Infancy Gospel of Thomas and provides a fresh and engaging approach to a topic not often discussed in representations of Jesus.


Holy Terror Jesus In The Infancy Gospel Of Thomas

Author by : J.R.C. Cousland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 438
File Size : 55,8 Mb
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Description : The Infancy Gospel of Thomas (or Paidika) is one of the most unusual gospels in the Christian tradition. Instead of revealing the compassionate Jesus so familiar to us from the biblical Gospels, it confronts its readers with a very different Jesus – a child who sometimes acts like a holy terror, killing and harming others for trifling faults. So why is Jesus portrayed as acting in such an 'unchristian' fashion? To address this question, Cousland focuses on three interconnected representations of Jesus in the Paidika: Jesus as holy terror, as child, and as miracle-working saviour. Cousland endeavours to show that, despite the differing character of these three roles, they present a unified picture. Jesus' unusual behaviour arises from his 'growing pains' as a developing child, who is at the same time both human and divine. Cousland's volume is the first detailed examination of the Christology of the Infancy Gospel of Thomas and provides a fresh and engaging approach to a topic not often discussed in representations of Jesus.


Jesus And The Manuscripts

Author by : Craig A. Evans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 261
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : Jesus and the Manuscripts Craig A. Evans Jesus and the Manuscripts, by popular author and Bible scholar Craig A. Evans, introduces readers to the diversity and complexity of the ancient literature that records the words and deeds of Jesus. This diverse literature includes the familiar Gospels of the New Testament, the much less familiar literature of the Rabbis and of the Qur’ān, and the extracanonical narratives and brief snippets of material found in fragments and inscriptions. This book critically analyzes important texts and quotations in their original languages and engages the current scholarly discussion. Evans argues that the Gospel of Thomas is not early or independent of the New Testament Gospels but that it should be dated to the late second century. He also argues that Secret Mark, like the recently published Gospel of Jesus’ Wife, is probably a modern forgery. Of special interest is the question of how long the autographs of New Testament writings remained in circulation. Evans argues that the evidence suggests that most of these autographs remained available for copying and study for more than one hundred years and thus stabilized the text. Key points and features: • Written by popular author and Bible scholar Craig A. Evans • Includes 20+ pages of high-quality color photos • Walks readers through the various works of ancient literature, both biblical and non-biblical, that mention Jesus • Critically analyzes important texts and quotations in their original languages and engages the current scholarly discussion


Wisdom Poured Out Like Water

Author by : J. Harold Ellens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
Total Download : 429
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : This collection presents innovative research by scholars from across the globe in celebration of Gabriele Boccaccini’s sixtieth birthday and to honor his contribution to the study of early Judaism and Christianity. In harmony with Boccaccini’s determination to promote the study of Second Temple Judaism in its own right, this volume includes studies on various issues raised in early Jewish apocalyptic literature (e.g., 1 Enoch, 2 Baruch, 4 Ezra), the Dead Sea Scrolls, and other early Jewish texts, from Tobit to Ben Sira to Philo and beyond. The volume also provides several investigations on early Christianity in intimate conversation with its Jewish sources, consistent with Boccaccini’s efforts to transcend confessional and disciplinary divisions by situating the origins of Christianity firmly within Second Temple Judaism. Finally, the volume includes essays that look at Jewish-Christian relations in the centuries following the Second Temple period, a harvest of Boccaccini’s labor to rethink the relationship between Judaism and Christianity in light of their shared yet contested heritage.


Entering God S Kingdom Not Like A Little Child

Author by : Eunyung Lim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 232
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : What does it mean to be “like a child” in antiquity? How did early Christ-followers use a childlike condition to articulate concrete qualifications for God’s kingdom? Many people today romanticize Jesus’s welcoming of little children against the backdrop of the ancient world or project modern Christian conceptions of children onto biblical texts. Eschewing such a Christian exceptionalist approach to history, this book explores how the Gospel of Matthew, 1 Corinthians, and the Gospel of Thomas each associate childlikeness with God’s kingdom within their socio-cultural milieus. The book investigates these three texts vis-à-vis philosophical, historical, and archaeological materials concerning ancient children and childhood, revealing that early Christ-followers deployed various aspects of children to envision ideal human qualities or bodily forms. Calling the modern reader’s attention to children’s intellectual incapability, asexuality, and socio-political utility in ancient intellectual thought and everyday practices, the book sheds new light on the rich and diverse theological visions that early Christ-followers pursued by means of images of children.


Not Sparing The Child Human Sacrifice In The Ancient World And Beyond

Author by : Daphna Arbel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 653
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : The role of human sacrifice in the ancient Mediterranean world and its implications continue to be topics that fire the popular imagination and engender scholarly discussion and controversy. This volume provides balanced and judicious treatments of the various facets of these topics from a cross-disciplinary and cross-cultural perspective. It provides nuanced examinations of ancient ritual, exploring the various meanings that human sacrifice held for antiquity, and examines its varied repercussions up into the modern world. The book explores evidence to shed new light on the origins of the rite, to whom these sacrifices were offered, and by whom they were performed. It presents fresh insights into the social and religious meanings of this practice in its varied biblical landscape and ancient contexts, and demonstrates how human sacrifice has captured the imagination of later writers who have employed it in diverse cultural and theological discourses to convey their own views and ideologies. It provides valuable perspectives for understanding key cultural, theological and ideological dimensions, such as the sacrifice of Christ, scapegoating,self-sacrifice and martyrdom in post-biblical and modern times.


The Fourfold Gospel Volume 1

Author by : John DelHousaye
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 843
File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : In the spirit of Ludolph of Saxony (c. 1295–1378) and Ignatius of Loyola (1491–1556), The Fourfold Gospel invites the reader into the mystery of God’s redemption in Jesus Christ. All the parallel passages in the Gospels are glossed together, along with the unique material, using a medieval interpretive approach called the Quadriga or the acronym PaRDeS in Hebrew. Meditating on the literal, canonical, moral, and theological senses of Scripture offers a scaffolding for the spiritual formation of the reader. This volume, in addition to a thorough introduction to the method and the Gospels, focuses on the beginning of the story—the birth, baptism, and temptations of Christ.


The Quest For The Christ Child In The Later Middle Ages

Author by : Mary Dzon
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 925
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : Beginning in the twelfth century, clergy and laity alike started wondering with intensity about the historical and developmental details of Jesus' early life. Was the Christ Child like other children, whose characteristics and capabilities depended on their age? Was he sweet and tender, or formidable and powerful? Not finding sufficient information in the Gospels, which are almost completely silent about Jesus' childhood, medieval Christians turned to centuries-old apocryphal texts for answers. In The Quest for the Christ Child in the Later Middle Ages, Mary Dzon demonstrates how these apocryphal legends fostered a vibrant and creative medieval piety. Popular tales about the Christ Child entertained the laity and at the same time were reviled by some members of the intellectual elite of the church. In either case, such legends, so persistent, left their mark on theological, devotional, and literary texts. The Cistercian abbot Aelred of Rievaulx urged his monastic readers to imitate the Christ Child's development through spiritual growth; Francis of Assisi encouraged his followers to emulate the Christ Child's poverty and rusticity; Thomas Aquinas, for his part, believed that apocryphal stories about the Christ Child would encourage youths to be presumptuous, while Birgitta of Sweden provided pious alternatives in her many Marian revelations. Through close readings of such writings, Dzon explores the continued transmission and appeal of apocryphal legends throughout the Middle Ages and demonstrates the significant impact that the Christ Child had in shaping the medieval religious imagination.


The Garb Of Being

Author by : Georgia Frank
Languange : en
Publisher by : Fordham University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
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File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : This collection explores how the body became a touchstone for late antique religious practice and imagination. When we read the stories and testimonies of late ancient Christians, what different types of bodies stand before us? How do we understand the range of bodily experiences—solitary and social, private and public—that clothed ancient Christians? How can bodily experience help us explore matters of gender, religious identity, class, and ethnicity? The Garb of Being investigates these questions through stories from the Eastern Christian world of antiquity: monks and martyrs, families and congregations, and textual bodies. Contributors include S. Abrams Rebillard, T. Arentzen, S. P. Brock, R. S. Falcasantos , C. M. Furey, S. H. Griffith, R. Krawiec, B. McNary-Zak, J.-N. Mellon Saint-Laurent, C. T. Schroeder, A. P. Urbano, F. M. Young


The Complete Idiot S Guide To Biblical Mysteries

Author by : Donald Ryan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penguin
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 500
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : Discover clues to the most sacred mysteries of all time! You're no idiot, of course. You're familiar enough with the Ten Commandments to know if you've broken one or two. But when it comes to solving some of the Bible's deepest mysteries, you have to confess-you're clueless. Don't start praying for forgiveness just yet! The Complete Idiot's Guide® to Biblical Mysteries will help you sort out the controversies, contradictions, and conundrums in that consummately baffling book-the Bible. In this Complete Idiot's Guide®, you get: Fascinating revelations about famous Biblical personages A comprehensive introduction to Biblical archaeology Down-to-earth explanations of controversial creation theories Captivating insights into miracles and Mary sightings Simple truths about alternative scriptures


Christ Child

Author by : Stephen J. Davis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Yale University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 883
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : Little is known about the early childhood of Jesus Christ. But in the decades after his death, stories began circulating about his origins. One collection of such tales was the so-called Infancy Gospel of Thomas, known in antiquity as the Paidika or “Childhood Deeds” of Jesus. In it, Jesus not only performs miracles while at play (such as turning clay birds into live sparrows) but also gets enmeshed in a series of interpersonal conflicts and curses to death children and teachers who rub him the wrong way. How would early readers have made sense of this young Jesus? In this highly innovative book, Stephen Davis draws on current theories about how human communities construe the past to answer this question. He explores how ancient readers would have used texts, images, places, and other key reference points from their own social world to understand the Christ child’s curious actions. He then shows how the figure of a young Jesus was later picked up and exploited in the context of medieval Jewish-Christian and Christian-Muslim encounters. Challenging many scholarly assumptions, Davis adds a crucial dimension to the story of how Christian history was created.


Understanding The Bible

Author by : Stephen L. Harris
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 532
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : This text is the best-selling non-sectarian guide for students undertaking their first systematic study of the Bible, and it is the only single-volume text that gives both a comprehensive historical-cultural background for the entire biblical era and a rigorous analysis of each individual work of the Old Testament, Apocrypha and New Testament. The purpose of the text is twofold: to acquaint readers with the content and major themes of each biblical book and to familiarize them with important contemporary scholarship. - A new chapter on historically evolving concepts of God enhances the book's value in studying the history of Judaeo-Christian religion. - Chapter 1 has been extensively rewritten to more effectively introduce students to essential facts about the origins and growth of biblical literature and to the critical techniques scholars use to study it. - Pertinent new material has been added to every chapter, giving more detailed examinations of biblical ideas and themes, and the bibliographies have been updated.


Muslim

Author by : Hank Hanegraaff
Languange : en
Publisher by : Thomas Nelson
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 485
File Size : 53,5 Mb
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Description : Is Islam a peaceful and tolerant religion? For all the debate over Islam and its growing presence in the world, one thing is often overlooked: Islam is not a religion in the sanitized Western sense. It is, in contrast, an all-encompassing sociopolitical legal matrix that has bred a worldview antagonistic to anything but itself. While there may be millions of peaceful and tolerant Muslims, many of them our neighbors, Islam itself is hardly peaceful and tolerant. Islam is the only significant religious system in the history of the human race with a sociopolitical structure of laws that mandate violence against the infidel. The current narrative is that to tell the truth in this regard is tantamount to radicalizing Muslims and exacerbating hostilities that may otherwise lie dormant. A common refrain has reverberated throughout the West: “Islam is not our enemy.” As well-intentioned as this mantra may be, it is a potentially dangerous stance once someone understands Islam in full. Despite its incoherence, Islam—one billion six hundred million strong and growing—is poised to fill the vacuum left by a Western culture slouching inexorably towards Gomorrah. Demographics alone are alarming. While polygamist Muslims boast a robust birth rate, native Westerners are moving rapidly toward self-extinction. Filling the void are multiplied millions of Muslims who have no intention of assimilating into Western culture. Equally grave is the specter of global Islamic jihadism now exacting mass genocide on Christians in the East and ever-multiplying terrorist attacks throughout the West. We are also witnessing the co-belligerency of fantastically wealthy Saudis spending multiplied billions of dollars exporting virulent Wahhabism to the West. Worse still, Western governments, academic institutions, and media outlets seem bent on exporting a false narrative respecting the religious animus animating global Islamic jihadism. In MUSLIM: What You Need to Know about the World’s Fastest Growing Religion, Hanegraaff not only outlines the problems in accessible and memorable fashion, but moves toward potential solutions in the clash of civilizations.


Holman Bible Dictionary

Author by : Holman Bible Publishers (Nashville, Tenn.)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Holman Bible Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 861
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : - 600 photos, illustrations and charts - Entries arranged in a single alphabetical listing - Major articles on key theological topics - Timeline of Biblical history compared to world history - Extensive cross references of related articles - Pronunciation guide


The Incarnation Birth And Infancy Of Jesus Christ

Author by : Saint Alphonsus de Liguori
Languange : en
Publisher by : Aeterna Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 462
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : Adam, our first parent, sins; ungrateful for the great benefits conferred on him, he rebels against God, by a violation of the precept given him not to eat of the forbidden fruit. On this account God is obliged to drive him out of the earthly paradise in this world, and in the world to come to deprive not only Adam, but all the descendants of this rebellious creature, of the heavenly and everlasting paradise which he had prepared for them after this mortal life. Aeterna Press


Sunday School Times

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
Total Download : 279
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description :


The National Freemason

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 570
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description :


Ruth

Author by : Thomas Scott
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 692
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description :


The Revelations Of Saint Bridget Of Sweden

Author by : St Bridget of Sweden
Languange : en
Publisher by : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 550
File Size : 45,5 Mb
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Description : "God is disgusted by the fall and ruin of his holy Church ... drops of burning and smoking sulfur are dripping from the roof; the walls are as revolting to look at as pus mingled with rotting blood." These are startling words, and they are from one of the many revelations received by St Bridget (or "Birgitta") of Sweden (1303-1373): wife, mother of eight, widow, social and Church reformer, mystic, and foundress of the Order of the Most Holy Savior, also known as the Brigittine Order. The world has witnessed in recent years a rapidly growing interest in St Bridget among Catholics as well as Protestants, and even non-Christians, scholars and the general population alike. Pope John Paul II declared St Bridget Co-Patroness of Europe (1 Oct 1999) and called her a Model for Today's Woman (3 Oct 2002), seeing in her life and in her writings a powerful witness to the Gospel, an "icon" as it were, reflecting the beauty, goodness and loving mercy of God - as well as his justice - to our modern world in great need, like the Prodigal Son, of coming to its senses and returning to its Father. St Bridget is best known for the Revelations, the divinely inspired messages she received from God the Father, Jesus, the Virgin Mary and numerous saints over a period of almost 30 years. Although the Revelations consist of twelve books and hundreds of pages and treat of a wide variety of subjects, including visions and messages Bridget received regarding the infancy, life and sufferings of Christ which are not found in the gospels, there can also be found throughout the work messages which are of utmost pertinence for today, showing the "actuality" of St Bridget for the Church and for the world in our times. This collection of Books 1-5 of the Revelations is large, 8"x10" and 418 pages and contains most of the important revelations given to the saint, and it is priced low for wide distribution of these timeless messages pertinent to our times as much as or even more so than St Bridget's. See also my book, "The Revelations of St Bridget and Church Reform."


The Holy Bible

Author by : Thomas Scott
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 561
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description :


The Queer Bible Commentary

Author by : Deryn Guest
Languange : en
Publisher by : SCM Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 502
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : A uniquely comprehensive volume of queer theology that covers every book of both testaments. It introduces students to a range of hermeneutical principles and strategies employed in queer interpretations of biblical texts.