Honest Signals

Author by : Alex Pentland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bradford Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 590
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Description : Media.


Honest Signals

Author by : Alex Pentland
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 682
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : How understanding the signaling within social networks can change the way we make decisions, work with others, and manage organizations. How can you know when someone is bluffing? Paying attention? Genuinely interested? The answer, writes Alex Pentland in Honest Signals, is that subtle patterns in how we interact with other people reveal our attitudes toward them. These unconscious social signals are not just a back channel or a complement to our conscious language; they form a separate communication network. Biologically based “honest signaling,” evolved from ancient primate signaling mechanisms, offers an unmatched window into our intentions, goals, and values. If we understand this ancient channel of communication, Pentland claims, we can accurately predict the outcomes of situations ranging from job interviews to first dates. Pentland, an MIT professor, has used a specially designed digital sensor worn like an ID badge—a “sociometer”—to monitor and analyze the back-and-forth patterns of signaling among groups of people. He and his researchers found that this second channel of communication, revolving not around words but around social relations, profoundly influences major decisions in our lives—even though we are largely unaware of it. Pentland presents the scientific background necessary for understanding this form of communication, applies it to examples of group behavior in real organizations, and shows how by “reading” our social networks we can become more successful at pitching an idea, getting a job, or closing a deal. Using this “network intelligence” theory of social signaling, Pentland describes how we can harness the intelligence of our social network to become better managers, workers, and communicators.


Plumage Characteristics In Tree Swallows Tachycineta Bicolor

Author by : Pierre-Paul Bitton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 565
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : Plumage characteristics are known to honestly reflect individual quality in many species of birds, and influence inter- and intra-sexual interactions between conspecifics. However, the information content of plumage signals, and the resulting influence on the receivers, can vary among species. In this study, I investigated the ecological significance of plumage characteristics of male and female tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). More specifically, I examined whether plumage characteristics are 1) honest indicators of individual quality, 2) associated with past or current reproductive investment and success, and 3) important to mating strategies in this species. ...Collectively, my results demonstrate that plumage characteristics in tree swallows convey information about individual quality and influence the behaviour of conspecifics.


Floral Mimicry

Author by : Steven D. Johnson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 38
Total Download : 563
File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : Mimicry is a classic example of adaptation through natural selection. The traditional focus of mimicry research has been on defence in animals, but there is now also a highly-developed and rapidly-growing body of research on floral mimicry in plants. This has coincided with a revolution in genomic tools, making it possible to explore which genetic and developmental processes underlie the sometimes astonishing changes that give rise to floral mimicry. Being literally rooted to one spot, plants have to cajole animals into acting as couriers for their pollen. Floral mimicry encompasses a set of evolutionary strategies whereby plants imitate the food sources, oviposition sites, or mating partners of animals in order to exploit them as pollinators. This first definitive book on floral mimicry discusses the functions of visual, olfactory, and tactile signals, integrating them into a broader theory of organismal mimicry that will help guide future research in the field. It addresses the fundamental question of whether the evolutionary and ecological principles that were developed for protective mimicry in animals can also be applied to floral mimicry in plants. The book also deals with the functions of floral rewardlessness, a condition which often serves as a precursor to the evolution of mimicry in plant lineages. The authors pay particular attention to the increasing body of research on chemical cues: their molecular basis, their role in cognitive misclassification of flowers by pollinators, and their implications for plant speciation. Comprehensive in scope and conceptual in focus, Floral Mimicry is primarily aimed at senior undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers in plant science and evolutionary biology.


Are Behavioral Strategies For Obtaining Peer Status Honest Signals Of Reproductive Quality

Author by : Andrew Robert Bower
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 819
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : Long-term romantic relationships are paramount for transitioning to emerging adulthood. Throughout development, adjusting prosocial and aggressive (both relational and overt) behavior directed towards peers is associated with social competence and dominance - signaling resource control (Hawley, 2003). Socially competent individuals are highly valued, and often have high status (Bukowski, 1993). However, despite theory suggesting a positive association between high status and romantic opportunities (Eder, 1985), the role of resource control behaviors in this association remains unclear. In terms of mate selection, signaling theory suggests individuals prefer partners based on their signaling underlying reproductive quality and demonstrating resource control abilities may serve as such a signal. In other words, social status may be an index individuals use to make romantic partner decisions in emerging adulthood when greater emphasis is placed on finding long-term romantic partners. We sought to test whether social status (popularity, acceptance) mediated the associations between resource control behaviors (prosocial, overt, relational aggression) and romantic desirability, and whether these associations differed by gender. A total of (n =1058) incoming college students participated in a demographic survey at the beginning of the fall academic quarter. Of those 1058, a sub-sample of (n = 351) students was selected from the three highest participating dorms to participate in an extensive sociometric study three months later. Students were asked to nominate the peers within their dorm on various indicators of prosocial behaviors and overt and relational aggression. In addition students were asked to nominate their peers they like most (e.g., acceptance), who are popular (e.g., perceived popularity) and who they would date if they could (e.g., romantic desirability). Results indicate that behaviors associated with social status in emerging adult social contexts vary by dorm, and by gender. Once obtained, for both men and women, status is a reliable indicator of romantic desirability. The findings from this study lend support to the notion that peer social status mirrors early romantic desirability and preferences. Additionally, social status may be an index that individuals can use to evaluate potential romantic partners during a social transition shrouded by uncertainty.


Sensory Ecology Behaviour And Evolution

Author by : Martin Stevens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 521
File Size : 50,6 Mb
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Description : This is the first modern textbook of sensory ecology in two decades, one of the most popular and rapidly growing subjects in biology. The topic deals with how animals capture (and send) information from their environment, and the sensory systems involved. It investigates the type of information that is gathered by animals, how it is used in a range of behaviours, and the evolution of such traits. Sensory ecology deals with both mechanistic questions (e.g. howsensory receptors capture information from the environment, and how the physical attributes of the environment affect information transmission) and functional questions (e.g. the adaptive significance ofthe information used by the animal to make a decision). Sensory ecology covers the full range of sensory systems and types of sensory information (sound, visual, chemical, magnetic, electric etc.). The latest research has dealt more explicitly with how sensory systems may actually drive evolutionary change, including the formation of new species. This book provides an introduction to the key ideas, theories, and examples, describes how sensory systems work, and explores the links between thesenses, animal signals, behaviour, and evolution.


Global Talent Management

Author by : Hugh Scullion
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 632
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : This book draws on recent theoretical contributions in the area of global talent management and presents an up to date and critical review of the key issues which MNEs face. Beyond exploring some key overarching issues in global talent management the book discuses the key emerging issue around global talent management in key economies such as China, India, the Middle East and Eastern Europe. In contrast to many of the currently available texts in the area of global talent management which are descriptive and lacking theoretical rigor, this text emphasizes the critical understanding of global talent management in an organizational context. Drawing on contributions from the leading figures in the field, it will aid students, practitioners and researchers alike in gaining a well grounded and critical overview of the key issues surrounding global talent management from a theoretical and practical perspective.


Evolutionary Aesthetics

Author by : Eckart Voland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 417
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : Evolutionary aesthetics is the attempt to understand the aesthetic judgement of human beings and their spontaneous distinction between "beauty" and "ugliness" as a biologically adapted ability to make important decisions in life. The hypothesis is - both in the area of "natural beauty" and in sexuality, with regard to landscape preferences, but also in the area of "artificial beauty" (i.e. in art and design) - that beauty opens up fitness opportunities, while ugliness holds fitness risks. In this book, this adaptive view of aesthetics is developed theoretically, presented on the basis of numerous examples, and its consequences for evolutionary anthropology are illuminated.


Swarm Leadership And The Collective Mind

Author by : Peter A. Gloor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emerald Group Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 561
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : The future of business is swarm business - whether it's at Uber, Airbnb, Tesla, or Apple, it's not about being a fearless leader, but about creating a swarm that works together in collective consciousness to create great things and reinvent your business.


The Primate Origins Of Human Nature

Author by : Carel P. Van Schaik
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 623
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : The Primate Origins of Human Nature (Volume 3 in The Foundations of Human Biology series) blends several elements from evolutionary biology as applied to primate behavioral ecology and primate psychology, classical physical anthropology and evolutionary psychology of humans. However, unlike similar books, it strives to define the human species relative to our living and extinct relatives, and thus highlights uniquely derived human features. The book features a truly multi-disciplinary, multi-theory, and comparative species approach to subjects not usually presented in textbooks focused on humans, such as the evolution of culture, life history, parenting, and social organization.


The Living Elephants

Author by : Raman Sukumar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 890
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : From the ancient origins of the proboscideans to the crisis of the living elephants, this book synthesizes the behavior, ecology and conservation of elephants, while covering also the history of human interactions with elephants. It is useful for biologists, field ecologists, wildlife administrators, historians, and conservationists.


Insect Behavior

Author by : Alex Córdoba-Aguilar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 228
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : Insects display a staggering diversity of behaviors. Studying these systems provides insights into a wide range of ecological, evolutionary, and behavioral questions including the genetics of behavior, phenotypic plasticity, chemical communication, and the evolution of life-history traits. This accessible text offers a new approach that provides the reader with the necessary theoretical and conceptual foundations, at different hierarchical levels, to understand insect behavior. The book is divided into three main sections: mechanisms, ecological and evolutionary consequences, and applied issues. The final section places the preceding chapters within a framework of current threats to human survival - climate change, disease, and food security - before providing suggestions and insights as to how we can utilize an understanding of insect behavior to control and/or ameliorate them. Each chapter provides a concise, authoritative review of the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological foundations of each topic.


Knowledge And The Norm Of Assertion

Author by : John Turri
Languange : en
Publisher by : Open Book Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 140
File Size : 42,6 Mb
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Description : Language is a human universal reflecting our deeply social nature. Among its essential functions, language enables us to quickly and efficiently share information. We tell each other that many things are true—that is, we routinely make assertions. Information shared this way plays a critical role in the decisions and plans we make. In Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion, a distinguished philosopher and cognitive scientist investigates the rules or norms that structure our social practice of assertion. Combining evidence from philosophy, psychology, and biology, John Turri shows that knowledge is the central norm of assertion and explains why knowledge plays this role. Concise, comprehensive, non-technical, and thoroughly accessible, this volume quickly brings readers to the cutting edge of a major research program at the intersection of philosophy and science. It presupposes no philosophical or scientific training. It will be of interest to philosophers and scientists, is suitable for use in graduate and undergraduate courses, and will appeal to general readers interested in human nature, social cognition, and communication.


The Handbook Of Public Sector Communication

Author by : Vilma Luoma-aho
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 962
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : A multidisciplinary collection on global public entity strategic communication Research into public sector communication investigates the interaction between public and governmental entities and citizens within their sphere of influence. Today’s public sector organizations are operating in environments where people receive their information from multiple sources. Although modern research demonstrates the immense impact public entities have on democracy and societal welfare, communication in this context is often overlooked. Public sector organizations need to develop “communicative intelligence” in balancing their institutional agendas and aims of public engagement. The Handbook of Public Sector Communication is the first comprehensive volume to explore the field. This timely, innovative volume examines the societal role, environment, goals, practices, and development of public sector strategic communication. International in scope, this handbook describes and analyzes the contexts, policies, issues, and questions that shape public sector communication. An interdisciplinary team of leading experts discusses diverse subjects of rising importance to public sector, government, and political communication. Topics include social exchange relationships, crisis communication, citizen expectations, measuring and evaluating media, diversity and inclusion, and more. Providing current research and global perspectives, this important resource: Addresses the questions public sector communicators face today Summarizes the current state of public sector communication worldwide Clarifies contemporary trends and practices including mediatization, citizen engagement, and change and expectation management Addresses global challenges and crises such as corruption and bureaucratic roadblocks Provides a framework for measuring communication effectiveness Requiring minimal prior knowledge of the field, The Handbook of Public Sector Communication is a valuable tool for academics, students, and practitioners in areas of public administration, public management, political communication, strategic and organizational communication, and related fields such as political science, sociology, marketing, journalism, and globalization studies.


Perspectives On Animal Behavior

Author by : Judith Goodenough
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 976
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : Perspectives on Animal Behavior introduces biologists and psychologists to the scientific reasoning and methodology in the field while also addressing development and mechanisms. Rather than just focusing on evolutionary behavior, the book presents a variety of different perspectives including genetics, neurological, learning, and behavioral ecology. The third edition walks them through experimentation and data analysis, which are critical in the field. It includes classical studies that form the foundation of this field but concentrates on more current work in order to present the thinking and experiments. Biologists and psychologists will then gain a modern understanding of animal behavior.


The Handbook Of Communication Science And Biology

Author by : Kory Floyd
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 535
File Size : 44,5 Mb
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Description : The Handbook of Communication Science and Biology charts the state of the art in the field, describing relevant areas of communication studies where a biological approach has been successfully applied. The book synthesizes theoretical and empirical development in this area thus far and proposes a roadmap for future research. As the biological approach to understanding communication has grown, one challenge has been the separate evolution of research focused on media use and effects and research focused on interpersonal and organizational communication, often with little intellectual conversation between the two areas. The Handbook of Communication Science and Biology is the only book to bridge the gap between media studies and human communication, spurring new work in both areas of focus. With contributions from the field’s foremost scholars around the globe, this unique book serves as a seminal resource for the training of the current and next generation of communication scientists, and will be of particular interest to media and psychology scholars as well.


The Evolution Of Animal Communication Reliability And Deception In Signaling Systems

Author by : William A. Searcy
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 736
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : Gull chicks beg for food from their parents. Peacocks spread their tails to attract potential mates. Meerkats alert family members of the approach of predators. But are these--and other animals--sometimes dishonest? That's what William Searcy and Stephen Nowicki ask in The Evolution of Animal Communication. They take on the fascinating yet perplexing question of the dependability of animal signaling systems. The book probes such phenomena as the begging of nesting birds, alarm calls in squirrels and primates, carotenoid coloration in fish and birds, the calls of frogs and toads, and weapon displays in crustaceans. Do these signals convey accurate information about the signaler, its future behavior, or its environment? Or do they mislead receivers in a way that benefits the signaler? For example, is the begging chick really hungry as its cries indicate or is it lobbying to get more food than its brothers and sisters? Searcy and Nowicki take on these and other questions by developing clear definitions of key issues, by reviewing the most relevant empirical data and game theory models available, and by asking how well theory matches data. They find that animal communication is largely reliable--but that this basic reliability also allows the clever deceiver to flourish. Well researched and clearly written, their book provides new insight into animal communication, behavior, and evolution.


Adaptive Rhetoric

Author by : Alex C. Parrish
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
Total Download : 526
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : Rhetorical scholarship has for decades relied solely on culture to explain persuasive behavior. While this focus allows for deep explorations of historical circumstance, it neglects the powerful effects of biology on rhetorical behavior – how our bodies and brains help shape and constrain rhetorical acts. Not only is the cultural model incomplete, but it tacitly endorses the fallacy of human exceptionalism. By introducing evolutionary biology into the study of rhetoric, this book serves as a model of a biocultural paradigm. Being mindful of biological and cultural influences allows for a deeper view of rhetoric, one that is aware of the ubiquity of persuasive behavior in nature. Human and nonhuman animals, and even some plants, persuade to survive - to live, love, and cooperate. That this broad spectrum of rhetorical behavior exists in the animal world demonstrates how much we can learn from evolutionary biology. By incorporating scholarship on animal signaling into the study of rhetoric, the author explores how communication has evolved, and how numerous different species of animals employ similar persuasive tactics in order to overcome similar problems. This cross-species study of rhetoric allows us to trace the origins of our own persuasive behaviors, providing us with a deeper history of rhetoric that transcends the written and the televised, and reveals the artifacts of our communicative past.


Ptilochronology

Author by : Grubb Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 997
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : This is the first book to summarize the methods, conceptual issues and results of studies using the interpretation of feather growth rates as an index of nutritional condition in birds. The author has coined the term ptilochronology (literally, 'the study of feather time') to describe this technique, which relies on the fact that as a feather grows it produces visible growth bars. Both the technique and its conceptual foundations have been applied worldwide to numerous studies of avian evolution, ecology, and conservation biology. The author reviews this work, chronicles the various criticisms that have been made, and describes how these have influenced the development of ptilochronology. He goes on to suggest experimental methodologies and analytical techniques to safeguard against invalid results. A final chapter summarises this new technique's contribution to avian biology, and suggests potential applications and a future research agenda. An appendix details specific measurements and describes the methodology associated with ptilochronology. Ptilochronology provides a practical resource as well as a conceptual understanding of how this technique can be used to address important questions in avian biology. It will be of relevance and use to professional avian biologists and ornithologists as well as to graduate students of avian behavioural ecology, evolution and conservation.


Communication

Author by : Donald H. Owings
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
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Description : ON THE FUTURE OF PERSPECTIVES When Patrick Bateson and Peter Klopfer offered me the editorship of Perspectives in 1992, the world of academic publishing was in one of its periodic upheavals. Subscriptions to series-even distinguished series such as Perspec tives-had been declining and individual volume prices had been rising, a trend that if continued could only result in the series pricing itself out of the market. In the course of the negotiations around the change of editors, the publishers offered a cost-cutting solution: change the production pattern to "camera ready" and elimi nate the costs of indexing and proofreading. While I could see the sense in this proposal, I was reluctant to accept it. Part of what I had always liked about the volumes in this series was that they were real books, intelligently proofread, nicely laid out, and provided with proper indexes. Thus, I in return offered a "Devil's bargain": the publisher should maintain the present quality of the series for two more volumes and make a renewed effort to advertise the series to our ethological and sociobiological colleagues, while I as the new series editor committed myself to a renewed effort to make Perspectives the publication of choice for writers who are trying to get their message out to the world intact and readers who are seeking clear, coherent, comprehensive and untrammeled presentations of authors' ideas and research programs.


Honest Signaling In Aggressive Contests Between Ozark Zigzag Salamanders Plethodon Angusticlavius

Author by : Rachel Bortosky
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 292
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : Communication of information concerning the sender's quality or intentions is essential for maintaining territories, courtship, and mating. For signals to be favored by natural selection, they must benefit both the sender and the receiver. A dishonest signal that provides misleading information about quality or intent should therefore be selected against. Honest signals prevent cheating because they are constrained by factors such as the energetic costs of the signal. I tested the hypothesis that "All Trunk Raised" (ATR), a behavior that occurs in territorial contests in terrestrial salamanders, is an honest indicator of aggressive intent. In staged contests between pairs of Ozark zigzag salamanders (Plethodon angusticlavius), individuals that performed bites spent more time exhibiting ATR prior to biting than individuals that did not bite. In addition, I examined whether ATR is an energetically costly behavior. In trials where the diet of the intruder was manipulated, high-quality intruders tended to perform more ATR than low-quality intruders. In metabolic rate trials, individuals that performed more ATR produced more CO2. These results support the hypothesis that ATR is an honest indicator of aggressive intent in this species.


Aesthetics And Neuroscience

Author by : Zoï Kapoula
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 635
File Size : 54,8 Mb
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Description : This edited monograph provides a compelling analysis of the interplay between neuroscience and aesthetics. The book broaches a wide spectrum of topics including, but not limited to, mathematics and creator algorithms, neurosciences of artistic creativity, paintings and dynamical systems as well as computational research for architecture. The international authorship is genuinely interdisciplinary and the target audience primarily comprises readers interested in transdisciplinary research between neuroscience and the broad field of aesthetics.


Chimpanzee

Author by : Kevin D. Hunt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 783
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : The complete guide to our closest living relative, drawing on thirty years of primate observation.


Are Signals Given In The Animal Kingdom Ever Honest

Author by : Karen Whiteley
Languange : en
Publisher by : CreateSpace
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 294
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : Natural selection has favoured animals that endeavour to deceive other animals to their advantage. Manipulation can be used, for example, within species during aggressive interactions, between predator and prey species or perhaps within or between species when foraging. If the sender always reveals its true intentions what prevents the receiver from taking advantage. This leads to the question 'are signals given in the animal kingdom ever honest?'


The Evolution Of Communication

Author by : Marc D. Hauser
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 624
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description : This text addresses the problem of how communication systems, including language, have been designed over the course of evolution. It integrates conceptual issues and empirical results from neurobiology, cognitive and developmental psychology, linguistics, evolutionary biology, and ethology.


Toward A Sound Ecology

Author by : Jeff Todd Titon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 927
File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Description : How does sound ecology--an acoustic connective tissue among communities--also become a basis for a healthy economy and a just community? Jeff Todd Titon's lived experiences shed light on the power of song, the ecology of musical cultures, and even cultural sustainability and resilience. In Toward a Sound Ecology, Titon's collected essays address his growing concerns with people making music, holistic ecological approaches to music, and sacred transformations of sound. Titon also demonstrates how to conduct socially responsible fieldwork and compose engaging and accessible ethnography that speaks to a diverse readership. Toward a Sound Ecology is an anthology of Titon's key writings, which are situated chronologically within three particular areas of interest: fieldwork, cultural and musical sustainability, and sound ecology. According to Titon--a foundational figure in folklore and ethnomusicology--a re-orientation away from a world of texts and objects and toward a world of sound connections will reveal the basis of a universal kinship.


Urban Dreams And Realities In Antiquity

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 414
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : Urban Dreams and Realities is a collection of articles on cities in ancient cultures, both their physical and conceptual aspects. A wide range of subjects and disciplinary perspectives are represented, especially the archaeology, epigraphy and literature of the Roman Empire.


The Skilled Helper A Problem Management And Opportunity Development Approach To Helping

Author by : Gerard Egan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
Total Download : 611
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : Over the past 30 years, Egan’s THE SKILLED HELPER has taught thousands of students like you a proven, step-by-step counseling process that leads to increased confidence and competence. Internationally recognized for its successful problem-management and opportunity development approach to effective helping, the text emphasizes the collaborative nature of the therapist-client relationship and uses a practical, three-stage model that drives client problem-managing and opportunity-developing action. As you read, you’ll also gain a feeling for the complexity inherent in any helping relationship. In this tenth edition, Egan now makes use of his version of the “common factors” approach, which gives new meaning and vitality to the book’s themes, as well as to the use of the problem-management model to organize and give coherence to those themes. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Evolution Of Vulnerability

Author by : David C. Geary
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 592
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes


The Welfare Of Cattle

Author by : Jeffrey Rushen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 194
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : This book covers all aspects of research into the welfare of dairy, veal and beef cattle, covering behavior, nutrition and feeding, housing and management, stockmanship, and stress physiology, as well as transport and slaughter. It also offers a detailed and critical analysis of the main indicators of animal welfare and covers the main threats to animal welfare in modern cattle production systems.