Host Cities And The Olympics

Author by : Harry Hiller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Rather than interpreting the Olympics as primarily a sporting event of international or national significance, this book understands the Games as a civic project for the host city that serves as a catalyst for a variety of urban interests over a period of many years from the bidding phase through the event itself. Traditional Olympic studies have tended to examine the Games from an outsider's perspective or as something experienced through the print media or television. In contrast, the focus presented here is on the dynamics within the host city understood as a community of interacting individuals who encounter the Games in a variety of ways through support, opposition, or even indifference but who have a profound influence on the outcome of the Games as actors and players in the Olympics as a drama. Adopting a symbolic interactionist approach, the book offers a new interpretive model through which to understand the Olympic Games by exploring the relationship between the Games and residents of the host city. Key analytical concepts such as framing, dramaturgy, the public realm, and the symbolic field are introduced and illustrated through empirical research from the Vancouver 2010 Winter Games, and it is shown how the social media and shifts in public opinion reflected interaction effects within the city. By filling a clear lacuna in the Olympic Studies canon, this book is important reading for anybody with an interest in the sociology of sport, urban studies, event studies or urban sociology.


Olympic Cities

Author by : John R. Gold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 630
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Description : Providing a full overview of the changing relationship between cities and the Olympic events, this substantially revised and enlarged edition builds on the success of its predecessor. Its coverage takes account of important new scholarship as well as adding reflections on the experience of staging Beijing 2008 and Vancouver 2010, the state of preparations for London 2012, and the plans for the Games scheduled for Sochi in 2014 and Rio de Janeiro 2016. The book is divided into three parts that provide overviews of the urban legacy of the four component Olympic festivals; systematic surveys of five key aspects of activity involved in staging the Olympics; and ten chronologically arranged portraits of host cities. As controversy over the growing size and expense of the Olympics continues, this timely assessment of the Games’ development and the complex agendas that host cities attach to the event will be essential reading for urban and sports historians, urban geographers, planners and all concerned with understanding the relationship between cities and culture. Olympic Cities is one of the Routledge books of the month for December 2010


Planning Olympic Legacies

Author by : Eva Kassens-Noor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
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Description : When a city wins the right to hold the Olympics, one of the oft cited advantages to the region is the catalytic effect upon the urban and transport projects of the host cities. However, with unparalleled access to documents and records, Eva Kassens-Noor questions and challenges this fundamental assertion of host cities who claim to have used the Olympic Games as a way to move forward their urban agendas In fact, transport dreams to stage the "perfect games" of the International Olympic Committee and the governments of the host cities have lead to urban realities that significantly differ from the development path the city had set out to accomplish before winning the Olympic bid. Ultimately it is precisely the IOC’s influence – and the city’s foresight and sophistication (or lack thereof) in coping with it – that determines whether years after the Games there are legacies benefitting the former hosts. The text is supported by revealing interviews from lead host city planners and key documents, which highlight striking discrepancies between media broadcasts and the internal communications between the IOC and host city governments. It focuses on the inside story of the urban and transport change process undergone by four cities (Barcelona, Atlanta, Sydney, and Athens) that staged the Olympics and forecasts London and Rio de Janeiro’s urban trajectories. The final chapter advises cities on how to leverage the Olympic opportunity to advance their long-run urban strategic plans and interests while fulfilling the International Olympic Committee’s fundamental requirements. This is a uniquely positioned look at why Olympic cities have – or do not have – the transport and urban legacies they had wished for. The book will be of interest to planners, government agencies and those involved in organizing future Games.


Olympic Cities

Author by : John Gold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
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Description : Olympic Cities provides the first full overview of the changing relationship between cities and the Olympic events since 1896. With eighteen specially commissioned and original essays written by a team of distinguished international authors, it explores the historical experience of staging the Olympics from the point of view of the host city. A thought-provoking analysis of the relationship between Olympic festivals and urban spectacle it: provides overviews of the urban impact of the four component Olympic festivals – the Summer Games, Winter Games, Cultural Olympiads and the Paralympics comprises systematic surveys of four key aspects of activity involved in staging the Olympics – finance, place promotion, managing spectacle and urban regeneration consists of nine chronologically arranged portraits of host cities, from 1936 to 2012, with particular emphasis on the first four Summer Olympic games of the twenty-first century. As controversy over the growing size and expense of the Olympics continues unabated, this book’s incisive and timely assessment of the Games’ development and the complex agendas that host cities attach to the event will be essential reading not only for urban and sports historians, urban geographers, planners and all concerned with understanding the relationship between cities and culture, but for anyone with an interest in the staging of mega-events.


The Economics Of Staging The Olympics

Author by : Holger Preuss
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 348
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Description : "This book arises from the need to analyse, in detail, the various economic aspects that the Olympic Games mean for host cities. Since 1984 increasingly more cities in the world have announced their interest in staging the Olympic Games, making it a festival with significant economic dimensions. What followed have been economic triumphs and tragedies, glories and fiascos - all are included in the 36 years of Olympic history reviewed in this book." - foreword.


Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Author by : Library of Congress. Cataloging Policy and Support Office
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 47
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Olympic Games

Author by : Bernard L. Ungar
Languange : en
Publisher by : DIANE Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
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Description : Info. on (1) the amount of Fed. funding and support provided to the 1984 and 1996 Summer Olympic Games (OG), and planned for the 2002 Winter OG, and the types of projects and activities that were funded and supported; and (2) the Fed. policies, legislative authorizations, and agency controls in place for providing the federal funds and support to the OG. Includes the evaluation of the 5 projects: development of the Ocoee Whitewater Rapids Slalom venue for the 1996 Summer OG; use of Fed. employees to provide security during the 1996 OG; payment of Atlanta Paralympic Organizing Comm. staff salaries; payment of Paralympic Games' opening ceremony entertainers costs; and vet. assist. during the Paralympic Games.


Olympic Cities

Author by : John Robert Gold
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 197
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : Olympic Citiesprovides the first full overview of the changing relationship between cities and the Olympic events since 1896. With eighteen specially commissioned and original essays written by a team of distinguished international authors, it explores the historical experience of staging the Olympics from the point of view of the host city. A thought-provoking analysis of the relationship between Olympic festivals and urban spectacle it: provides overviews of the urban impact of the four component Olympic festivals – the Summer Games, Winter Games, Cultural Olympiads and the Paralympics comprises systematic surveys of four key aspects of activity involved in staging the Olympics – finance, place promotion, managing spectacle and urban regeneration consists of nine chronologically arranged portraits of host cities, from 1936 to 2012, with particular emphasis on the first four Summer Olympic games of the twenty-first century. As controversy over the growing size and expense of the Olympics continues unabated, this book’s incisive and timely assessment of the Games’ development and the complex agendas that host cities attach to the event will be essential reading not only for urban and sports historians, urban geographers, planners and all concerned with understanding the relationship between cities and culture, but for anyone with an interest in the staging of mega-events.


Games Plan

Author by : Sarah Fister Gale
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 622
File Size : 55,6 Mb
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Description : The Olympics capture the world's imagination. But the race begins long before athletes arrive. Cities compete to host the Summer and Winter Games, hoping to take a lead role on the global stage. But winning an Olympic bid can be a mixed bag. From a financial perspective, hosting the games is risky. Every Olympic Games project portfolio since 1960 has gone over budget, and the average cost overrun is 156 percent, according to a 2016 University of Oxford study that looked only at sports-related costs, excluding general infrastructure projects.


The Olympic Games Meeting New Global Challenges

Author by : David Hassan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
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Description : As the World’s greatest sporting event, the Olympic Games has always commanded intrigue, analysis and comment in equal measure. This book looks to celebrate the significance of the Olympics, their historical impact, controversies that presently surround them and their possible future direction. It begins with a detailed, if controversial, analysis of the scale of the modern Summer Olympics and considers whether in fact the Games have simply become too big? Thereafter considerable coverage is afforded the often contentious bidding process, required of successful host cities wishing to attract the Games, and asks why some cities are successful and others are not. This book also reflects on the growing security measures that surround the Olympics and considers their full impact on the civil liberties of those impacted by them. For scholars of the Olympic movement this book represents essential reading to understand further the Olympic Games, their significance and effect, as the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro draw ever closer. This book was published as a special issue of Sport in Society.


Best Olympics Ever The

Author by : Helen Lenskyj
Languange : en
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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Description : Uses the Sydney Olympics as a prism through which to explore recent Olympic scandals, media coverage, reform efforts, and controversies.


Managing The Olympics

Author by : S. Frawley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 123
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : The Olympic Games are the world's most complex and challenging sport mega-event to organize. Managing the Olympics is the first ever attempt to bring together the world's leading Olympic management researchers in one book and draws on the latest research into the management challenges faced by the organizers and key stakeholders of the Games.


Olympic Industry Resistance

Author by : Helen Jefferson Lenskyj
Languange : en
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 523
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Description : A critical look at the Olympics in the postbribery, post-9/11 era, particularly at consequences for host cities and so-called “Olympic education” for schoolchildren.


Principles Of Sustainable Urban Development In The Bidding Process For Olympic Games

Author by : Gregor Wiltschko
Languange : en
Publisher by : diplom.de
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
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Description : Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The more you know about the Olympics, the less it is about sport . (Bob Perry, Design director of Olympic Projects at Scott Carver Pty. Ltd, http://www.infolink.com.au). The Olympic Games as a mega sports event attracts millions of people from all over the world. New records, fascinating performances, scandals or gigantic celebrations are just some of the attractions provided by this event. One attraction for urban planners is the fact that the Games imply opportunities to promote urban development. From an urban planning perspective, the Olympic Summer Games in Barcelona 1992 set a new standard in defining success of an event of this scale. The city used the Games to promote urban development and planning strategies, profiting from the event in a long-term perspective. Furthermore, the city took another opportunity to find again a place on the global map through the Olympic Games. The case of Barcelona is one of the mostly cited successful urban development initiatives connected with a mega sports event. Olympic Cities have taken the opportunity to promote urban development with the event very differently in the history of the Olympics. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the event-owner sets some requirements giving only a few cities the right to stage the event. These requirements are checked in the bidding process ending with the decision which city succeeds in getting the right of staging the event. Integrating the success of an Olympic City in terms of urban development and in terms of the bidding process, the main question from an urban planning perspective is: What is the relevance of Urban Development in the Bidding Process for Olympic Games? To answer the definition of the city s success in terms of urban development and the Olympic Games bidding process, it is helpful to investigate the role of Olympic Infrastructure with a view towards urban sustainability. As such, it is believed that respecting specific planning principles in the bidding process can help to (1) ensure sustainable urban development and (2) enhance the quality of the bid. - The first aspect is relevant for the success of the city in terms of urban development to benefit from the Games in a long time perspective. - The second aspect is relevant for the city s success in the bidding process to acquire the right for staging the Games. The aim of this thesis is to examine how the quality of the bid may respond to principles [...]


The Olympic Games Effect

Author by : John A. Davis
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 50
Total Download : 984
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : Marketing at the Olympics, the attraction and the rewards Essential reading in preparation for the 2012 London Olympics, the newly revised and fully updated second edition of The Olympic Games Effect offers fascinating sports marketing and branding insights into the promotion of the Games themselves, and their unique attraction for corporations in particular. The important lessons of past Olympics will be used to show a hundred year-plus tradition based on a several thousand year old testament to the love of sports and competition, revealing how, in recent years, this has evolved into a seductively attractive vehicle for a wide range of audiences, from consumers to corporations. Loaded with historical information on the Olympics, the book traces the history of the Olympics back to 776 BC. This legacy is vital to the ongoing success of the Olympics, and is at the heart of why brands care so much Packed with illustrations that illustrate how the Games have become arguably the world's most successful sports event and the marketing opportunities this has led to Includes relevant business strategies and recommendations to help companies understand how to make more effective sports sponsorship decisions This timely new edition of The Olympic Games Effect shows the value contributed by sponsoring the world's premier sporting event, and explains how, by extension, other global sports events have the potential to generate similarly impressive results for their sponsors.


Olympic Cities

Author by : Gavin Poynter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 488
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Description : Drawing upon historical, cultural, economic and socio-demographic perspectives, this book examines the role of London's hosting the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games as a means to promote urban regeneration and social renewal in East London and the Thames


Owning The Olympics

Author by : Monroe Price
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Michigan Press
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Total Read : 98
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Description : "A major contribution to the study of global events in times of global media. Owning the Olympics tests the possibilities and limits of the concept of 'media events' by analyzing the mega-event of the information age: the Beijing Olympics. . . . A good read from cover to cover." —Guobin Yang, Associate Professor, Asian/Middle Eastern Cultures & Sociology, Barnard College, Columbia University From the moment they were announced, the Beijing Games were a major media event and the focus of intense scrutiny and speculation. In contrast to earlier such events, however, the Beijing Games are also unfolding in a newly volatile global media environment that is no longer monopolized by broadcast media. The dramatic expansion of media outlets and the growth of mobile communications technology have changed the nature of media events, making it significantly more difficult to regulate them or control their meaning. This volatility is reflected in the multiple, well-publicized controversies characterizing the run-up to Beijing 2008. According to many Western commentators, the People's Republic of China seized the Olympics as an opportunity to reinvent itself as the "New China"---a global leader in economics, technology, and environmental issues, with an improving human-rights record. But China's maneuverings have also been hotly contested by diverse global voices, including prominent human-rights advocates, all seeking to displace the official story of the Games. Bringing together a distinguished group of scholars from Chinese studies, human rights, media studies, law, and other fields, Owning the Olympics reveals how multiple entities---including the Chinese Communist Party itself---seek to influence and control the narratives through which the Beijing Games will be understood. digitalculturebooks is an imprint of the University of Michigan Press and the Scholarly Publishing Office of the University of Michigan Library dedicated to publishing innovative and accessible work exploring new media and their impact on society, culture, and scholarly communication. Visit the website at www.digitalculture.org.


London Olympic Games And Paralympic Games Act 2006

Author by : Great Britain
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Stationery Office
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Total Read : 24
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Description : The Act gives effect to the commitments made by the Government as part of London's bid to host the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. It provides for the statutory remit of the public bodies which will be tasked with delivering the Games. The Act also provides the legislative framework needed to enable the UK to fulfil the requirements which the International Olympic Committee place on host cities. The main measures of the Act provide for: (a) the establishment of the Olympic Delivery Authority, its powers, duties and functions; (b) the delivery of transport needs for the Games, including the necessary preparations in the lead up to 2012; (c) controls of marketing in connection with the Olympic Games, including the protection of Olympic intellectual property, restrictions on commercial association with the Games, the prohibition of street trading and outdoor advertising in the vicinity of Olympic venues and of ticket touting in connection with Olympic events; (d) the Mayor of London's power to prepare for and stage the Olympic Games; (e) the amendment of the purposes of regional development agencies to include the purpose of preparing for the London Olympics.


Olympic Event Organization

Author by : Eleni Theodoraki
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
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Description : Part one : Perspectives. (1. Structures in context. 2. Mega organizing). - Part two : The Olympic Movement. (3. Olympic organizations. 4. Organizing in the Olympic context). - Part three : Event Organization Phases. (5. Bidding and selection phase organizational activity. 6. Planning and delivering phase organizational activity).


Watching The Olympics

Author by : John Peter Sugden
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
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Description : Global sporting events involve the creation, management and mediation of cultural meanings for consumption by massive media audiences. The apotheosis of this cultural form is the Olympic Games. This challenging and provocative new book explores the Olympic spectacle, from the multi-media bidding process and the branding and imaging of the Games, to security, surveillance and control of the Olympic product across all of its levels. The book argues that the process of commercialization, directed by the IOC itself, has enabled audiences to interpret its traditional objects in non-reverential ways and to develop oppositional interpretations of Olympism. The Olympics have become multi-voiced and many themed, and the spectacle of the contemporary Games raises important questions about institutionalization, the doctrine of individualism, the advance of market capitalism, performance, consumption and the consolidation of global society. With particular focus on the London Games in 2012, the book casts a critical eye over the bidding process, Olympic finance, promises of legacy and development, and the consequences of hosting the Games for the civil rights and liberties of those living in their shadow. Few studies have offered such close scrutiny of the inner workings of Olympismâe(tm)s political and economic network, and, therefore, this book is indispensible reading for any student or researcher with an interest in the Olympics, sport's multiple impacts, or sporting mega-events.


Towards Olympic Games 3 0

Author by : Bastiaan Bretveld
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu.com
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 655
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Securing And Sustaining The Olympic City

Author by : Dr Gary Armstrong
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 609
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : Often seen as the host nation's largest ever logistical undertaking, accommodating the Olympics and its attendant security infrastructure brings seismic changes to both the physical and social geography of its destination. Since 1976, the defence of the spectacle has become the central feature of its planning, one that has assumed even greater prominence following the bombing of the 1996 Atlanta Games and, most importantly, 9/11. Indeed, the quintupled cost of securing the first post-9/11 summer Games in Athens demonstrates the considerable scale and complexity currently implicated in these operations. Such costs are not only fiscal. The Games stimulate a tidal wave of redevelopment ushering in new gentrified urban settings and an associated investment that may or may not soak through to the incumbent community. Given the unusual step of developing London's Olympic Park in the heart of an existing urban milieu and the stated commitments to 'community development' and 'legacy', these constitute particularly acute issues for the 2012 Games. In addition to sealing the Olympic Park from perceived threats, 2012 security operations have also harnessed the administrative criminological staples of community safety and crime reduction to generate an ordered space in the surrounding areas. Of central importance here are the issues of citizenship, engagement and access in urban spaces redeveloped upon the themes of security and commerce. Through analyzing the social and community impact of the 2012 Games and its security operation on East London, this book concludes by considering the key debates as to whether utopian visions of legacy can be sustained given the demands of providing a global securitized event of the magnitude of the modern Olympics.


A Dictionary Of Marketing

Author by : Charles Doyle
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 352
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Description : A Dictionary of Marketing is an accessible and wide-ranging A-Z, providing over 2,600 entries on topics spanning terms for traditional marketing techniques (from strategy, positioning, segmentation, and branding, to all aspects of marketing planning, research, and analysis), as well as leading marketing theories and concepts. Both classic and modern marketing techniques are covered. Entries reflect modern changes in marketing practice, including the use of digital and multi media, the impact of the world wide web on advertising, and the increased influence of social media, search engine optimization, and global marketing. Also included is a time line of the development of marketing as a discipline and the key events that impacted the development, as well as over 100 relevant web links, accessed and updated via a companion website. In addition, the main appendix provides greater depth on the subject, including advertising and brand case studies with a strong international focus. These are arranged thematically, e.g. automobile industry, food and drink, luxury goods, and focus on iconic brands, marketing campaigns, and slogans of the 20th century that have permeated our collective consciousness, exploring how the ideas defined in the main text of the book have been utilised successfully in practice across the globe. This dictionary is an indispensable resource for students of marketing and related disciplines, as well as a practical guide for professional practitioners.


Olympic Education

Author by : Roland Naul
Languange : en
Publisher by : Meyer & Meyer Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 503
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Description : Aimed at both teachers and students in schools and colleges, as well as instructors, coaches, and managers in youth sports, this book examines the 'Olympic ideal' in modern sports education.


Hosting The Olympic Games

Author by : Marie Delaplace
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 512
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Description : Hosting the Olympic Games: Uncertainty, Debates and Controversy provides a broad and comprehensive analysis of past Olympic and Paralympic events, shedding critical light on the future of the Games with a specific look at the upcoming Paris 2024 Olympics. It draws attention to the debates and paradox that hosting the Games presents for the contemporary city. Employing a range of interdisciplinary theoretical and methodological approaches, individual chapters highlight the various controversies of the Games throughout the bidding process, the event itself and its aftermath. Social Science-based chapters place strong emphasis on the vital importance of sustainable strategy for contemporary host cities. Along with environmental concerns whether atmospheric, microbiological or otherwise, many other requirements, costs and risks involving security and public expenditure among others are explored throughout the book. Including a variety of international and comparative case studies from a range of contributing academics, this will be essential reading for students and researchers in the field of Event studies as well as various disciplines including Tourism, Heritage studies and Urban and Environmental studies.


Olympic Games Ceremonies An Event Management Perspective

Author by : John Jossifakis
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 443
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Description : Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: 7.5, Leeds Metropolitan University (Carnagie), course: Masters in Event Management, language: English, abstract: The major purpose of this study is to analyse the major impact that an Olympic Games ceremony has on the branding of a city and of a nation, looking to take the current level of research and improving on this with an enhanced analysis of the subject using a case study approach. The study has focused on one main research question. What is the impact of an Olympic Ceremony on the image of a host city? This question was further explored with three core components which were analysed and which included the discovery of the extent to which an Olympic Games ceremony could help to create an image of a specific city / country, the importance ascribed to Olympic Games ceremonies and how they are deemed to be vital in leading to rising tourist numbers as well as a consideration of the major short and long-term socio-economic impacts of an Olympic Games ceremony on a host city.


Inside The Olympic Industry

Author by : Helen Lenskyj
Languange : en
Publisher by : SUNY Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 422
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Description : Analysis from the perspective of those adversely affected by the social, economic, political, and environmental impacts of hosting an Olympic Games.


Documenting The Beijing Olympics

Author by : D.P. Martinez
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 928
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : This book focuses on the processes of documenting the Beijing Olympics – ranging from the visual (television and film) to radio and the written word – and the meanings generated by such representations. What were the ‘key’ stories and how were they chosen? What was dramatised? Who were the heroes? Which ‘clashes’ were highlighted and how? What sorts of stories did the notion of ‘human interest’ generate? Did politics take a backseat or was the topic highlighted repeatedly? Thus, the focus was not on the success or failure of this event, but on the ways in which the Olympics Games, as international and historic events, are memorialised by observers. The key question that this book addresses is: How far would the Olympic coverage fall into the patterns of representation that have come to dominate Olympic reporting and what would China, as a discursive subject, bring to these patterns? This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.


Transatlantic Sport

Author by : Muradali Ibrahímo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 292
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Description : The vast sums of money generated by sport worldwide have meant that the laws of economic competition have an important role to play in the organization and regulation of the industry. This volume offers a comparative perspective on the economics of sport and highlights both the similarities and differences in the North American and European models of sport. It tackles policy issues, such as organizing, financing and regulation of team sports alongside theoretical issues regarding income redistribution and competitive balance. It also evaluates the impact of sport and sports events on local com.


Inside The Olympics

Author by : Nick Hunter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Raintree
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 325
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Description : This title provides an overview covering the history, development, achievements, personalities, and controversies of the Olympic Games.