Human Rights In Islam And The Un Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

Author by : Mukhtar Farid
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : There are lots of misconception about Muslims, Islamic laws, and applying the laws to the society. When the critics look at some of the Islamic countries, they point out the cruel way of treating and subjecting the people to apply Islamic laws, and consider it barbaric. Capital punishments are criticized and this concept paint whole picture about Islam and Muslim as heinous and nomadic, without mercy. The book is written comparing UN Human Rights and what laws Quran has given fourteen hundred years ago. Comparing the laws framed by The Universal Declaration of Human Rights that was adopted on December 10, 1948 by the General Assembly of the United Nations and exactly same human rights given in Quran. The attempt of this analysis is to show how each of the fundamental human rights guaranteed in this declaration are already found in the Holy Quran. We will discuss one by UN Human Rights Articles of Human rights, and compare it with Quran's order. The Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammad a unlettered man, born in Arabia, (Present Saudi Arabia) in the city of Makkah, in the year 571 AD. The main aim is to remove misconceptions from minds of people who do not understand or know the book revealed long ago. The punishment in Islamic law is to create fear among criminals so that laws will have upper hand. As per study of law and order situation in my home country, there are so many loop holes in the system of implementing punishment that it takes ten to fifteen years before culprits are punished. This gives a room for the criminals to keep on doing crimes, as they do not fear the laws.


Islamic Views On Human Rights

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Alhoda UK
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The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

Author by : Susan Muaddi Darraj
Languange : en
Publisher by : Infobase Publishing
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Description : Details how the Declaration was written through the tireless efforts of the drafting committee and of the Human Rights Commission.


Islam

Author by : Nurcholish Majid
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights And The Challenge Of Religion

Author by : Johannes Morsink
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Missouri Press
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Description : Repulsed by evil Nazi practices and desiring to create a better world after the devastation of World War II, in 1948 the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Because of the secular imprint of this text, it has faced a series of challenges from the world’s religions, both when it was crafted and in subsequent political and legal struggles. The book mixes philosophical, legal, and archival arguments to make the point that the language of human rights is a valid one to address the world’s disputes. It updates the rationale used by the early UN visionaries and makes it available to twenty-first-century believers and unbelievers alike. The book shows how the debates that informed the adoption of this pivotal normative international text can be used by scholars to make broad and important policy points.


Islam

Author by : Nurcholish Majid
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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How Compatible Are The Normative Commitments Of Islam With The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

Author by : Julia Heise
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Description : Essay from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: 1,5, University of Edinburgh, 56 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: During the last few decades, growing attention has been paid to the enforcement (and the prevention of the abuse) of fundamental human rights, mainly facilitated by the International Human Rights Regime. Moreover, human rights-issues are increasingly subject to a controversial international debate, especially in the light of continuous globalisation, events such as 9/11 and rising cross-cultural communication. One specific discussion-point concerns ‘Islam and Human Rights’, the crux of the matter being the compatibility of Islamic normative values with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Every scholar who approaches this debate more profoundly automatically comes across with the Universalist/Cultural- Relativist-debate. These academics go a step further. They are concerned with the evaluation of the compatibility-analysis and discuss the validity and consequences of such an analysis.1 However, the following paper operates independently of the Universalist/Relativist debate. The aim is to explore the compatibility of the Islamic tradition with the Universal Declaration, and the author believes that the most appropriate approach is an objective comparison, without judging the result of the analysis in any way. 2 The first and second section sketch the basic characteristics of the UDHR and Islam. An understanding of both doctrines is a necessary tool for the purpose of this essay. The third part analyses the compatibility of both doctrines on two levels. The essay then outlines the diverse Muslim positions regarding human rights in Islam. This is essential to be able to draw a sound conclusion concerning the compatibility of Islam with the UDHR, in the last section. 1 Universalists maintain the validity of the UDHR-doctrine and often criticise the Islamic- or other traditions on grounds of their non-conformity with the International Bill of Human Rights. Cultural Relativists, on the other hand, argue that the doctrine of universal human rights is challenged by different moral claims derived from different cultural contexts. Compare Jones (2001:51-76), Brown (1999:103-127), Pollis (2000:9-30), Schmale (1993:3-27), Rüsen (1993:28-46), Donelly (1998: 1-23) and Huntington (1997). 2 Also, the term ‘compatibility’ does not imply a notion of superiority (of one over the other doctrine) in this context.


Healing China Upholding The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights And The Un Convention On The Rights Of The Child In The People S Republic Of China

Author by : Mark O'Doherty
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu Press, Inc
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Description : More than 10,000 protesters have been arrested over Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protests on charges that are in blatant violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow are two of the most high-profile figures of the pro-democracy movement. Having been sentenced for a year in jail, Wong has maintained a defiant approach, saying: “I am persuaded that neither prison bars, nor election ban, nor any other arbitrary powers would stop us from activism.” He also urged people to focus on the plight of the “Hong Kong 12”, the detained group accused of attempting to travel illegally to Taiwan by boat in August. They have been held in a mainland detention centre ever since, with their families accusing authorities of denying the group access to lawyers, visitors, or medical treatment. Agnes Chow, who gave up her British citizenship to run in Hong Kong elections, was one of the first Demosisto politicians barred from standing for office because the party advocated “self-determination”. One of her most successful roles has been bringing international attention to Hong Kong’s democracy movement, aided by her fluency in English, Cantonese and Japanese. Chow was arrested under the national security law, on the vague suspicion of “colluding with foreign forces”. Therefore the Chinese national security law in Hong Kong must be revoked; so that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights can be restored in Hong Kong and the rest of China. It is also essential that the fundamental human right of Freedom of Association is made legal in China - not only to further democracy in China, but also that independent auditors and non-governmental labor unions can finally operate in China; to prevent grueling and illegal work hours in the country; especially among schoolchildren in China, so that the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child can be upheld in China. Also, President Xi has faced accusations – backed by mounting evidence – of mass human rights abuses in Xinjiang, including the internment of more than a million Muslims in detention camps. The abuse and forced labour in these camps - which include the forced sterilisation of women and restrictions on religious and cultural beliefs - have been labelled as cultural genocide and slavery. So if President Xi persists in violating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, he must be removed from office - as well as charged and convicted for committing cultural genocide in the International Community.


Human Rights And Islam

Author by : Abdullah Saeed
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
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Description : Is there a basis for human rights in Islam? Beginning with an exploration of what rights are and how the human rights discourse developed, Abdullah Saeed explores the resources that exist within Islamic tradition. He looks at those that are compatible with international human rights law and can be garnered to promote and protect human rights in Muslim-majority states. A number of rights are given specific focus, including the rights of women and children, freedom of expression and religion, as well as jihad and the laws of war. Human Rights and Islam emphasises the need for Muslims to rethink problematic areas of Islamic thought that are difficult to reconcile with contemporary conceptions of human rights.


Healing India Upholding The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Udhr And The Un Convention On The Rights Of The Child Uncrc In India

Author by : Mark O'Doherty
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu Press, Inc
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Amnesty International has been forced to shut down operations in India and lay off all staff after the Indian government froze its bank accounts. The Indian enforcement directorate froze the accounts of Amnesty’s Indian arm this month after the group published two reports highly critical of the government’s human rights record; the move being the culmination of a two-year campaign of harassment by the home affairs ministry, and more broadly part of a witch-hunt of human rights groups by the Hindu nationalist government of the prime minister, Mr Modi. Amnesty’s departure starkly illustrates the shrinking space for dissent in India, where critics of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata party face investigation and detention, often under draconian terrorism laws. It also comes at a time when human rights violations, particularly against India’s 200 million Muslims, are on the rise. This crackdown on critics – including lawyers, activists and students – has increased during the coronavirus pandemic. Courts are only partly functioning and protest gatherings have been banned. Avinash Kumar, the director of Amnesty International India, said: "Treating human rights organisations like criminal enterprises and dissenting individuals as criminals without any credible evidence is a deliberate attempt by the enforcement directorate and government of India to stoke a climate of fear and dismantle the critical voices in India." Over recent years, Amnesty India has documented and campaigned against human rights abuses against women online, against children sexually abused at school, against the victims of caste discrimination, against health workers denied protection during the Covid-19 pandemic, and against Muslims killed in the streets for their faith, or pushed to the brink of statelessness under a law United Nations (UN) experts have denounced as fundamentally discriminatory in nature. It is work that is inspired by India’s own traditions. India was one of the original UN member states to vote for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; which Amnesty International India has honoured and upheld with exemplary conduct; serving as a model for the Indian government itself. So with the utmost respect, we strongly encourage Prime Minister Narendra Modi to reverse the Indian government's blatantly unethical decision of kicking Amnesty International out; so that Amnesty India can continue it's important and essential work of upholding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in India.


Islamic Views On Human Rights

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Contents: Introduction To Irano-Islamic Views On Human Rights By Dr. Husayn Salimi, Sources Of Human Rights In Islam By Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Khamini, Individual Rights In Islam By Ayatullah Muhammad Ali Taskhiri, Survey Of The Similarities And Differences Of Human Rights In Islam And In The West By Hujat Al-Islam Muhammad Javad Hujjati Kirmani, Political Rights Of People In Islam By Hujat Al-Islam Dr. Muhsin Kadivar, Criticism And Study Of The Cairo Declaration Of Human Rights In Islam By Dr. Husayn Mihrpur, Human Rights: The Clashes Between Individual And Collective Rights By Dr. Husayn Salimi, Human Rights And Asian Values By Dr. Bihzad Shahandah, Primary Principles Of Law In Islam By Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari, International Rules For Women`S Rights : A Challenge By Nasirn Musaffa, Independence And Economic Rights Of Women By Zahra Davar, Reproductive Health And Rights By Susan Pasgar, International Humanitarian Law In Islam And Contemporary International Law By Hujat Al--Islam, International Human Rights Regime: A Theoretical Approach To Regime Formation And Persistence By Abu Muhammad Asgarkhani, The Impact Of The Changes Of International System On The Concept Of Human Rights By Ahmad Naqibzadah, Humanrights In Practice; The Violation Of The Muslims Rights Throughout The World And The Position Of The United Nations Toward This Issue By Sa`Idah Lutfiyan, Human Rights Development After The Second World War By Bahram Mustaqimi Maryam Za`Ir


Universal Declaration Of Human Rights And Indian Law

Author by : BRIJ KISHORE SHARMA
Languange : en
Publisher by : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
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Description : The Charter of the United Nations contained a statement that the people of the United Nations reaffirm their faith in certain inalienable Human Rights, in the dignity of human beings and in essential equality of rights of men and women. This statement led to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was adopted by the United Nations on 10th December 1948. This Declaration guided, encouraged, and in some cases, put pressure on the nations to recognise these rights or Acts as rights which may be claimed and enforced by citizens and other human beings. India framed its Constitution soon after the Declaration and gave effect to many of the rights contained in the Declaration. Later some of them formed part of a statute and some have been knit in the Constitution by our Courts. This book contains the text of the Declaration with explanatory comments by the author. It also contains references to relevant articles of the Constitution and sections of various Acts and refers to judgements of the Supreme Court of India. It is the only book that gives parallel provisions of Indian Law—parallel to each article of the Declaration. The book will immensely benefit all students of Human Rights as part of the courses in Political Science, Law and other related fields. It will be helpful to all those who are appearing for civil services and other examinations conducted by various Public Service Commissions.


Human Rights And Human Norms

Author by : Mohamed El Nazer
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Description : Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, American University of Sharjah, language: English, abstract: After the Second World War, a Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) evolved as an act for freedom and equality. The UDHR was held by many politicians and representatives from many countries, with different cultures and religions, including the “United States, United Kingdom, Iran, China, Egypt, and France”, to intersect one main matter. This cosmo-political act is to insure that Human and civil Rights are applicable to all nations and regions all over the globe. However in 1981, Iranian representative in the United Nations Said Rajaie-Khorassani claimed that the declaration of human rights was based on Jewish-Christian beliefs and cultures, and could not be tolerated by the Islamic people, and their traditions (Littman, 2003). Countries like Iran claim that human rights are established fundamentally on a Western moral. Certainly every nation has its own laws and regulations. Besides every region has its own traditions and values. But when it comes to human rights, it is a universal privilege that humanity has to possess. The universal declaration of human rights is made to structure all the inhumane and barbaric legacies made and done by state leaders and mainly dictators. Cultural relativists claim that this universality is considered cultural imperialism, dominating the world culture and ruining all kinds of ethnic norms and traditions.


Innovation And Inspiration

Author by : Peter R. Baehr
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Economic Costs of Human Rights


The Riddle Of Human Rights

Author by : Gary Teeple
Languange : en
Publisher by : Amherst, N.Y. : Humanity Books
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Description : In The Riddle of Human Rights Gary Teeple makes the case that human rights are peculiar to a historically given mode of production; in other words, they comprise a public declaration of the principles of the prevailing property relations in a given time and place. Although human rights are proclaimed as absolute and universal, the reality is that nowhere in the world are they upheld as either absolute or universal—the ability to exercise the rights spelled out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is everywhere circumscribed and relative to the imperatives of the powers that be. Teeple also explores the effects of globalization on the current and future exercise of human rights. He argues that the entire range of civil, political, and social rights is becoming subordinate to global corporate interests. In the wake of September 11, 2001, Teeple suggests that the threat of terrorism serves as an excuse for the arbitrary abrogation of established rights and the violation of international law to further the demands of global capital.


Human Rights In Translation

Author by : Michal Jan Rozbicki
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
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Description : This collection examines the concept of human rights in a variety of cultural and historical contexts. The contributors analyze cognitive contexts that produce different meanings of rights, identify spaces of intercultural crossings where differences can coexist, and offer narratives and metaphors to help mediate between distinct cultures.


Religion Secular Beliefs And Human Rights

Author by : Natan Lerner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
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Description : This second edition of the book updates the information on relevant developments that took place in the time elapsed. and incorporates several new chapters on important issues related to religious freedoms. Such are the chapters on freedom from religion, religion and freedom of association, religion and freedom of expression (including the controversy with respect of defamation of religions), and group rights and legal pluralism. The order of the chapters has been rearranged.


Human Rights

Author by : David J. Plevak
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nova Science Publishers
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Description : The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1945) was a response to the atrocities surrounding the Second World War. Many believe this Declaration resulted from a synthesis of three thousand years of Western (Judeo-Christian) philosophy, religion and culture. Now more than 60 years later, we ask, "have the principles outlined in the Declaration been realized in the way in which human rights are recognized and protected in today's world?" Several authors have responded to the challenge of addressing this question. Their responses are contained in the seven chapters of this text. This book examines Islamic, secular, animist, etc. societies in its search for potential advocates of human rights progress. Essential to any progress will be the willingness of individuals, faith organizations and governments to subordinate self-interests for the sake of the vulnerable human being. Until this happens, the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights will remain a concept, yet to be realized.


The Debasement Of Human Rights

Author by : Aaron Rhodes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Encounter Books
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Description : The idea of human rights began as a call for individual freedom from tyranny, yet today it is exploited to rationalize oppression and promote collectivism. How did this happen? Aaron Rhodes, recognized as “one of the leading human rights activists in the world” by the University of Chicago, reveals how an emancipatory ideal became so debased. Rhodes identifies the fundamental flaw in the Universal Declaration of Human of Rights, the basis for many international treaties and institutions. It mixes freedom rights rooted in natural law—authentic human rights—with “economic and social rights,” or claims to material support from governments, which are intrinsically political. As a result, the idea of human rights has lost its essential meaning and moral power. The principles of natural rights, first articulated in antiquity, were compromised in a process of accommodation with the Soviet Union after World War II, and under the influence of progressivism in Western democracies. Geopolitical and ideological forces ripped the concept of human rights from its foundations, opening it up to abuse. Dissidents behind the Iron Curtain saw clearly the difference between freedom rights and state-granted entitlements, but the collapse of the USSR allowed demands for an expanding array of economic and social rights to gain legitimacy without the totalitarian stigma. The international community and civil society groups now see human rights as being defined by legislation, not by transcendent principles. Freedoms are traded off for the promise of economic benefits, and the notion of collective rights is used to justify restrictions on basic liberties. We all have a stake in human rights, and few serious observers would deny that the concept has lost clarity. But no one before has provided such a comprehensive analysis of the problem as Rhodes does here, joining philosophy and history with insights from his own extensive work in the field.


Religion Beliefs And International Human Rights

Author by : Natan Lerner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : "In this volume, an Israeli jurist provides an authoritative distillation and analysis of modern international norms on religious rights and liberties - with particular attention to modern controversies over religious and racial discrimination, genocide and group libel, proselytism and conversion, and religious group rights and their limits."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved


Human Rights In Pakistan

Author by : M. G. Chitkara
Languange : en
Publisher by : APH Publishing
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Description :


Islam

Author by : Jacques Waardenburg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
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Description : This book presents some twenty essays on different aspects of Islam in history and the present. These essays are grouped into eight larger sections. The first, "The Beginnings", deals with the transition from pre-Islamic understandings and reason, an essential part of the Quranic message. The next two sections deal with Islam specifically as a religion with its particular signs and symbols. The question of rules of interpretation in Islam and its structural features is discussed here. Sections four and five deal with ethics in Islam, including Muslim identity and human rights, and certain social functions of Islam. Section six introduces some 19th and 20th century reform movements, with special attention given to developments in Saudi Arabia and the "puritan" characteristics of present-day Islamic revival movements. The final two sections discuss contemporary issues: Islamization processes and policies, Islamic ideologies, the ideologization of Islam, and the political uses of religion. Throughout the book the author shows the links between the religious and other interpretations and uses made of Islam and the contexts in which they are made. The Introduction signals some important developments in Islamic studies since World War II.


Uno S Contributions

Author by : Jamir Ahmed Choudhury
Languange : en
Publisher by : Notion Press
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Description : The book ‘UNO’s Contributions’ is the Final Ph. D. Thesis of Jamir Ahmed Choudhury on verifiable framework of natural science and justifiable curriculum of human rights and universal education on the basis of eye opening evidence bearing Academic Ph. D. Registration No. 2491/14 under Assam University, India.


Handbook Of Human Rights

Author by : Thomas Cushman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : In mapping out the field of human rights for those studying and researching within both humanities and social science disciplines, the Handbook of Human Rights not only provides a solid foundation for the reader who wants to learn the basic parameters of the field, but also promotes new thinking and frameworks for the study of human rights in the twenty-first century. The Handbook comprises over sixty individual contributions from key figures around the world, which are grouped according to eight key areas of discussion: foundations and critiques; new frameworks for understanding human rights; world religious traditions and human rights; social, economic, group, and collective rights; critical perspectives on human rights organizations, institutions, and practices; law and human rights; narrative and aesthetic dimension of rights; geographies of rights. In its presentation and analysis of the traditional core history and topics, critical perspectives, human rights culture, and current practice, this Handbook proves a valuable resource for all students and researchers with an interest in human rights.