Description : Explores the variety of ways in which hunter-gatherer societies have responded to external stressors while maintaining their core identity.
Description : A pioneering work that focuses on the unique diversity of African genetics, offering insights into human biology and genetic approaches.
Description : Synthesizes and re-examines the evolution of the human pelvis, which sits at the interface between locomotion and childbirth.
Description : Profiles hunting and gathering peoples from around the world, and discusses such topics as prehistory, social life, gender, music and art, health, religion, and indigenous knowledge.
Description : For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers provides a comprehensive review of hunter-gatherer studies to date, including critical engagements with older debates, new theoretical perspectives, and renewed obligations for greater engagement between researchers and indigenous communities. Chapters provide in-depth archaeological, historical, and anthropological case-studies, and examine far-reaching questions about human social relations, attitudes to technology, ecology, and management of resources and the environment, as well as issues of diet, health, and gender relations - all central topics in hunter-gatherer research, but also themes that have great relevance for modern global society and its future challenges. The Handbook also provides a strategic vision for how the integration of new methods, approaches, and study regions can ensure that future research into the archaeology and anthropology of hunter-gatherers will continue to deliver penetrating insights into the factors that underlie all human diversity.
Description : How does the environment shape our culture and our behavior? Sociologists have often discussed this important question. Here are some answers. This book uses case studies to understand how cultures evolved within the context of their environment and how their methods of surviving in their environment has affected other aspects of their culture. Topics include: the study of human behavior, evolution, ecology, and politics, foraging, agriculture, and more.
Description : Book written by archaeologists on the subject of culture change and complexity. Focuses specifically on the emergence of cultural complexity among hunter-gatherers. Highlights the variety of adaptations that characterize prehistoric hunter-gatherers as well as delineating some of the primary features of social complexity. Includes a chapter: Whaling as an organizing focus in northwestern Alaskan Eskimo societies by Glenn W. Sheehan.
Description : This book offers an exciting new perspective on the origins of language. Language is conceptualized as a collective invention, on the model of writing or the wheel, and the book places social and cultural dynamics at the centre of its evolution: language emerged and further developed in human communities already suffused with meaning and communication, mimesis, ritual, song and dance, alloparenting, new divisions of labour and revolutionary changes in social relations. The book thus challenges assumptions about the causal relations between genes, capacities, social communication and innovation: the biological capacities are taken to evolve incrementally on the basis of cognitive plasticity, in a process that recruits previous adaptations and fine-tunes them to serve novel communicative ends. Topics include the ability brought about by language to tell lies, that must have confronted our ancestors with new problems of public trust; the dynamics of social-cognitive co-evolution; the role of gesture and mimesis in linguistic communication; studies of how monkeys and apes express their feelings or thoughts; play, laughter, dance, song, ritual and other social displays among extant hunter-gatherers; the social nature of language acquisition and innovation; normativity and the emergence of linguistic norms; the interaction of language and emotions; and novel perspectives on the time-frame for language evolution. The contributors are leading international scholars from linguistics, anthropology, palaeontology, primatology, psychology, evolutionary biology, artificial intelligence, archaeology, and cognitive science.