Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys

Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys
Author: Branko N. Popov,Jong-Won Lee,Milos B. Djukic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2020-11-15
ISBN: 9780128198568
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys Book Excerpt:

Hydrogen evolution and permeation are encountered during electroplating, corrosion, and cathodic protection. Hydrogen accumulates in areas of high stress and may reach a critical concentration, potentially causing fractures and catastrophic damage. Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys explores the theory of hydrogen permeation in metals and alloys, hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, and passivity materials selection as well as electrochemical and non-electrochemical methods for prevention of hydrogen-induced damage. Our goal is to help the next generation of engineers and scientists (i) understand the theory of hydrogen embrittlement and stress corrosion cracking as wells as hydrogen damage prevention strategies, (ii) design models for developing hydrogen damage-resistant alloys, and (iii) prevent damage of different industrial components due to the presence and localization of hydrogen in metals. To accomplish these objectives, the book offers case studies of hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, mechanical properties of alloys, hydrogen damage control, and solved problems (with solutions) for the topics covered in the book. The book is self-containing and targets also senior graduate university corrosion engineering courses. The senior undergraduate students have the necessary mathematical exposure and ability to follow the subject. The book is useful for undergraduate corrosion courses taught in chemical, electrochemical, mechanical engineering, chemistry, metallurgy, and material science and will serve as references for individual study. Provides a comprehensive explanation on hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, and hydrogen-induced stress corrosion cracking, creating difficulties in development of efficient strategies to preventing different types of hydrogen damage in metals and alloys Prepares the next generation of materials scientists, chemical engineers, and mechanical engineers to advance the hydrogen damage prevention strategies to a higher level and to develop advanced alloys resistant to hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen-induced damage Discusses hydrogen-induced damage and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms and the electrochemical and non-electrochemical prevention strategies as well as design of alloys resistive to hydrogen adsorption and embrittlement Includes solved case studies, corrosion analysis, and solved problems designed to help the reader to understand the fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics the chapters in the book are updated with data published in papers and reviews in the last 20 years, including the latest research and results

Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering
Author: Branko N. Popov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 792
Release: 2015-02-26
ISBN: 0444627278
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Engineering Book Excerpt:

Corrosion Engineering: Principles and Solved Problems covers corrosion engineering through an extensive theoretical description of the principles of corrosion theory, passivity and corrosion prevention strategies and design of corrosion protection systems. The book is updated with results published in papers and reviews in the last twenty years. Solved corrosion case studies, corrosion analysis and solved corrosion problems in the book are presented to help the reader to understand the corrosion fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics, the mechanism that triggers the corrosion processes at the metal interface and how to control or inhibit the corrosion rates. The book covers the multidisciplinary nature of corrosion engineering through topics from electrochemistry, thermodynamics, mechanical, bioengineering and civil engineering. Addresses the corrosion theory, passivity, material selections and designs Covers extensively the corrosion engineering protection strategies Contains over 500 solved problems, diagrams, case studies and end of chapter problems Could be used as a text in advanced/graduate corrosion courses as well self-study reference for corrosion engineers

Corrosion Tests and Standards

Corrosion Tests and Standards
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Tests and Standards Book Excerpt:

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Second Edition

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry  Second Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2015-12-01
ISBN: 1627080945
Category: Petroleum chemicals industry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry
Author: Linda Garverick
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 501
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN: 9780871705051
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive collection of peer-reviewed data and information on corrosion in the petroleum, petrochemical, and chemical processing industries from a number of ASM International publications. The principal sources are Corrosion, Volume 13, and Failure Analysis and Prevention, Volume 11 of ASM H

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nuclear energy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Effects of Subsonic Mach Number on the Forces and Pressure Distributions on Four NACA 64A series Airfoil Sections at Angles of Attack as High as 28 Degrees

Effects of Subsonic Mach Number on the Forces and Pressure Distributions on Four NACA 64A series Airfoil Sections at Angles of Attack as High as 28 Degrees
Author: Louis S. Stivers
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 145
Release: 1954
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aerodynamic load
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effects of Subsonic Mach Number on the Forces and Pressure Distributions on Four NACA 64A series Airfoil Sections at Angles of Attack as High as 28 Degrees Book Excerpt:

A region of slight compression, heretofore undescribed, was established within the local supersonic region on each of the airfoil sections near the leading edge in place of an expected expansion. This leading edge compression region was formed just downstream of the abrupt.

Technical Note National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

Technical Note   National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
Author: United States. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1954
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technical Note National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Book Excerpt:

Technical Note

Technical Note
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1954
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technical Note Book Excerpt:

Corrosion Control

Corrosion Control
Author: S. Bradford
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1468488457
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Control Book Excerpt:

Human beings undoubtedly became aware of corrosion just after they made their first metals. These people probably began to control corrosion very so on after that by trying to keep metal away from corrosive environments. "Bring your tools in out of the rain" and "Clean the blood off your sword right after battle" would have been early maxims. Now that the mechanisms of corrosion are better understood, more techniques have been developed to control it. My corrosion experience extends over 10 years in industry and research and over 20 years teaching corrosion courses to university engineering students and industrial consulting. During that time I have developed an approach to corrosion that has successfully trained over 1500 engineers. This book treats corrosion and high-temperature oxidation separately. Corrosion is divided into three groups: (1) chemical dissolution including uniform attack, (2) electrochemical corrosion from either metallurgicalor environmental cells, and (3) corrosive-mechanical interactions. It seems more logical to group corrosion according to mechanisms than to arbitrarily separate them into 8 or 20 different types of corrosion as if they were unrelated. University students and industry personnel alike generally are afraid of chemistry and consequently approach corrosion theory very hesitantly. In this text the electrochemical reactions responsible for corrosion are summed up in only five simple half-cell reactions. When these are combined on a polarization diagram, which is explained in detail, the electrochemical pro cesses become obvious.

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry
Author: Alec Groysman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2016-10-24
ISBN: 3319452568
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book Excerpt:

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Corrosion Failures

Corrosion Failures
Author: K. Elayaperumal,V. S. Raja
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2015-04-27
ISBN: 1119043115
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Failures Book Excerpt:

Provides corrosion basics in a lucid manner to students and working professionals and over 80 corrosion-failure analysis case studies Correlates Failure Analysis with Corrosion Science Exclusively provides corrosion-related failure analysis case histories in one place in a convenient format One-stop shop for both science and real time occurrence of the phenomenon of corrosion Full coverage of all MOC, Materials of Construction, used for process equipments Simple but Lucid presentation of Failure Analysis procedure

Corrosion and Protection of Materials

Corrosion and Protection of Materials
Author: Marina Cabrini
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN: 3036502904
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and Protection of Materials Book Excerpt:

This book contains thirty articles on various topics related to the corrosion and protection of metallic materials. This topic is of strong actuality both due to the aging of plants and infrastructures that require checks and maintenance, and to the use of traditional materials in increasingly aggressive environments, added to the need of changing the current anti-corrosion systems with less environmental impact methods. Finally, the new development of innovative materials, such as additive manufacturing or high-entropy alloys, needs the characterization of their corrosion behavior. In this issue, there are works on new alloys obtained for additive manufacturing or high entropy, on the study of corrosion and stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms, through electrochemical and microscopical techniques, studies on low environmental impact inhibitors and biocides, as well as ceramic and metal protective coatings. Finally, there are works on the study of the residual mechanical resistance of corroded infrastructures and on monitoring and non-destructive control. In this way, the book therefore offers a somewhat varied panorama of research trends in the field.

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science
Author: Gary S. Was
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 827
Release: 2007-07-14
ISBN: 3540494723
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science Book Excerpt:

This book is an eye-opening treatise on the fundamentals of the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. When energetic particles strike a solid, numerous processes occur that can change the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Metals and alloys represent an important class of materials that are subject to intense radiation fields. Radiation causes metals and alloys to swell, distort, blister, harden, soften and deform. This textbook and reference covers the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Excerpt:

Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys

Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys
Author: Guang-Ling Song
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2013-02-22
ISBN: 0857098969
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys Book Excerpt:

Magnesium (Mg) alloys are receiving increasing attention due to their abundance, light weight, castability, formability, mechanical properties and corrosion performance. By selecting the appropriate combination of materials, coatings and surface modifications, their corrosion resistance can be greatly enhanced. Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a comprehensive guide to the effective prevention of corrosion in these important light metals. Part one discusses alloying, inhibition and prevention strategies for magnesium alloys as well as corrosion and prevention principles. Part two reviews surface treatment and conversion. Beginning with an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning, the book goes on to discuss the use of surface processing and alloying, laser treatments, chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys. Coatings are then the focus of part three, including varied plating techniques, cold spray coatings, gel and electroless electrophoresis coatings. Finally, the book concludes in part four with a selection of case studies investigating the application of preventative techniques for both automotive and medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a key reference tool for all those working with magnesium and its alloys, including scientists, engineers, metallurgists, aerospace and automotive professionals, and academics interested in this field. Chapters provide an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning Examines processes to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys, including laser treatments and chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization Discusses cold spray, sol-gel and electrophoretic coatings

Lubrication Corrosion and Wear

Lubrication  Corrosion and Wear
Author: United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Scientific and Technical Information Division
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1966
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Corrosion and anti-corrosives
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lubrication Corrosion and Wear Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Structural Life Assessment

Handbook of Structural Life Assessment
Author: Raouf A. Ibrahim
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1016
Release: 2017-03-29
ISBN: 1119135486
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Structural Life Assessment Book Excerpt:

This important, self-contained reference deals with structural life assessment (SLA) and structural health monitoring (SHM) in a combined form. SLA periodically evaluates the state and condition of a structural system and provides recommendations for possible maintenance actions or the end of structural service life. It is a diversified field and relies on the theories of fracture mechanics, fatigue damage process, and reliability theory. For common structures, their life assessment is not only governed by the theory of fracture mechanics and fatigue damage process, but by other factors such as corrosion, grounding, and sudden collision. On the other hand, SHM deals with the detection, prediction, and location of crack development online. Both SLA and SHM are combined in a unified and coherent treatment.

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies
Author: A. M. El-Sherik
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 926
Release: 2017-06-09
ISBN: 0081012195
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies Book Excerpt:

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies: Production and Transmission delivers the most up-to-date and highly multidisciplinary reference available to identify emerging developments, fundamental mechanisms and the technologies necessary in one unified source. Starting with a brief explanation on corrosion management that also addresses today’s most challenging issues for oil and gas production and transmission operations, the book dives into the latest advances in microbiology-influenced corrosion and other corrosion threats, such as stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen damage just to name a few. In addition, it covers testing and monitoring techniques, such as molecular microbiology and online monitoring for surface and subsurface facilities, mitigation tools, including coatings, nano-packaged biocides, modeling and prediction, cathodic protection and new steels and non-metallics. Rounding out with an extensive glossary and list of abbreviations, the book equips upstream and midstream corrosion professionals in the oil and gas industry with the most advanced collection of topics and solutions to responsibly help solve today’s oil and gas corrosion challenges. Covers the latest in corrosion mitigation techniques, such as corrosion inhibitors, biocides, non-metallics, coatings, and modeling and prediction Solves knowledge gaps with the most current technology and discoveries on specific corrosion mechanisms, highlighting where future research and industry efforts should be concentrated Achieves practical and balanced understanding with a full spectrum of subjects presented from multiple academic and world-renowned contributors in the industry

Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention of Low Density Metals and Alloys

Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention of Low Density Metals and Alloys
Author: B. A. Shaw,Rudolph G. Buchheit,J. P. Moran,Electrochemical Society. Corrosion Division,Electrochemical Society. Meeting
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9781566772907
Category: Aluminum alloys
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention of Low Density Metals and Alloys Book Excerpt: