Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics
Author: Joao Delgado,Eva Barreira,Nuno M.M. Ramos,Vasco Freitas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 66
Release: 2012-12-16
ISBN: 9783642350023
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics Book Excerpt:

This book presents a critical review on the development and application of hygrothermal analysis methods to simulate the coupled transport processes of Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) transfer for one or multidimensional cases. During the past few decades there has been relevant development in this field of study and an increase in the professional use of tools that simulate some of the physical phenomena that are involved in Heat, Air and Moisture conditions in building components or elements. Although there is a significant amount of hygrothermal models referred in the literature, the vast majority of them are not easily available to the public outside the institutions where they were developed, which restricts the analysis of this book to only 14 hygrothermal modelling tools. The special features of this book are (a) a state-of-the-art of numerical simulation tools applied to building physics, (b) the boundary conditions importance, (c) the material properties, namely, experimental methods for the measurement of relevant transport properties, and (d) the numerical investigation and application The main benefit of the book is that it discusses all the topics related to numerical simulation tools in building components (including state-of-the-art and applications) and presents some of the most important theoretical and numerical developments in building physics, providing a self-contained major reference that is appealing to both the scientists and the engineers. At the same time, this book will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, etc... The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics
Author: João M.P.Q. Delgado,Eva Barreira,Nuno M.M. Ramos,Vasco Peixoto de Freitas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 66
Release: 2012-12-15
ISBN: 3642350038
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hygrothermal Numerical Simulation Tools Applied to Building Physics Book Excerpt:

This book presents a critical review on the development and application of hygrothermal analysis methods to simulate the coupled transport processes of Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) transfer for one or multidimensional cases. During the past few decades there has been relevant development in this field of study and an increase in the professional use of tools that simulate some of the physical phenomena that are involved in Heat, Air and Moisture conditions in building components or elements. Although there is a significant amount of hygrothermal models referred in the literature, the vast majority of them are not easily available to the public outside the institutions where they were developed, which restricts the analysis of this book to only 14 hygrothermal modelling tools. The special features of this book are (a) a state-of-the-art of numerical simulation tools applied to building physics, (b) the boundary conditions importance, (c) the material properties, namely, experimental methods for the measurement of relevant transport properties, and (d) the numerical investigation and application The main benefit of the book is that it discusses all the topics related to numerical simulation tools in building components (including state-of-the-art and applications) and presents some of the most important theoretical and numerical developments in building physics, providing a self-contained major reference that is appealing to both the scientists and the engineers. At the same time, this book will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, etc... The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Moisture and Buildings

Moisture and Buildings
Author: Arianna Brambilla,Alberto Sangiorgio
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN: 0128210982
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moisture and Buildings Book Excerpt:

One in three homes, on average, suffer from excessive dampness and mould proliferation, with significant health and economic impacts. The combination of new construction methodologies, stricter airtightness requirements and the changing social and cultural context that influences the way we live inside buildings has created unprecedented challenges for the built environment. In modifying indoor and outdoor environments and the building envelopes that serve as a filter between the two, we are changing the physical parameters of the ways in which buildings behave and respond to climatic stimuli. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact should be an important step in the design process, aiming to minimise possible negative long-term consequences. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact is, today more than ever, essential yet difficult, as the experience of the past has lost its applicability. Moisture-related issues never have a simple solution, since they involve multiple factors, including design, construction, maintenance, materials, climate and occupation pattern. Thus, while the topic is attracting growing attention among researchers, designers and practitioners, the pace with which actual change is occurring is still too slow. Moisture and Buildings provides a critical overview of current research, knowledge and policy frameworks, and presents a comprehensive analysis of the implications of moisture and the importance of accounting for it during the design process. It responds to the urgent need for a systematic organization of the existing knowledge to identify research gaps and provide directions for future developments. The ultimate goal is to increase awareness of the multifaceted implications of hygrothermal phenomena and promote integrated design processes that lead to healthier and more durable constructions. Presents advanced knowledge on hygrothermal processes and their interaction with buildings Integrates the three key areas of moisture transport and its impact on buildings, including durability, human health and comfort Considers the most useful computational tools for assessing moisture and building interactions Includes a section on the main European, American and Australian building codes Explains the risks of mold growth to human health, including growth models to assessment methods

Interface Influence on Moisture Transport in Building Components

Interface Influence on Moisture Transport in Building Components
Author: João M. P. Q. Delgado,António C. Azevedo,Ana S. Guimarães
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 62
Release: 2019-09-10
ISBN: 3030308030
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interface Influence on Moisture Transport in Building Components Book Excerpt:

The knowledge of moisture migration inside building materials and construction building components is decisive for the way they behave when in use. The durability, waterproofing, degrading aspect and thermal behaviour of these materials are strongly influenced by the existence of moisture within their interior, which provoke changes in their normal performance, something that is normally hard to predict. Due to the awareness of this problem, the scientific community have per-formed various studies about the existence of moisture inside porous materials. The complex aspects of moisture migration phenomenon tended to encompass monolithic building elements, since the existence of joints or layers contributes to the change of moisture transfer along the respective building element that contribute to the change of mass transfer law. The presentation of an experimental analyses concerning moisture transfer in the interface of material that makes up masonry is described in such a way as to evaluate the durability and/or avoid building damages. In this work it was analysed, during the wetting process, the influence of different types of interface, commonly observed in masonry, such as: perfect con-tact, joints of cement mortar, lime mortar, and the air space interface. The results allow the calculation of the hygric resistance. With these results, it is possible to use any advanced hygrothermal simulation program to study the water transport in building elements, considering different interfaces and their hygric resistance.

Numerical Simulations

Numerical Simulations
Author: Lutz Angermann
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010-12-30
ISBN: 9533071532
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Numerical Simulations Book Excerpt:

This book will interest researchers, scientists, engineers and graduate students in many disciplines, who make use of mathematical modeling and computer simulation. Although it represents only a small sample of the research activity on numerical simulations, the book will certainly serve as a valuable tool for researchers interested in getting involved in this multidisciplinary field. It will be useful to encourage further experimental and theoretical researches in the above mentioned areas of numerical simulation.

Application of Bamboo in Building Envelope

Application of Bamboo in Building Envelope
Author: Zujian Huang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-05-14
ISBN: 3030120325
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Application of Bamboo in Building Envelope Book Excerpt:

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the use of bamboo in building industry. It systematically demonstrates bamboo’s utility in terms of its properties, describing the material properties of typical industrial bamboo products, and discussing their performance evaluation and optimization as building components and in the creation of building envelopes. The book also includes examples of the high-value utilization of bamboo forest resources. Further, it examines how building performance may be affected by conditions such as climate. Including insights from material science, construction design, building physics and building climatology, the book also provides data obtained from technology and market status investigation, laboratory test and the computer simulation.This book appeals to scientists and professionals, as it introduces and tests various bamboo products, demonstrating the advantages and disadvantages for each one. The book is also a valuable resource for civil engineers and students interested in this unique plant material and its application in the building industry.

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation
Author: Jan L.M. Hensen,Roberto Lamberts
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 958
Release: 2019-04-24
ISBN: 0429688539
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation Book Excerpt:

When used appropriately, building performance simulation has the potential to reduce the environmental impact of the built environment, to improve indoor quality and productivity, as well as to facilitate future innovation and technological progress in construction. Since publication of the first edition of Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation, the discussion has shifted from a focus on software features to a new agenda, which centres on the effectiveness of building performance simulation in building life cycle processes. This new edition provides a unique and comprehensive overview of building performance simulation for the complete building life cycle from conception to demolition, and from a single building to district level. It contains new chapters on building information modelling, occupant behaviour modelling, urban physics modelling, urban building energy modelling and renewable energy systems modelling. This new edition keeps the same chapter structure throughout including learning objectives, chapter summaries and assignments. Moreover, the book: • Provides unique insights into the techniques of building performance modelling and simulation and their application to performance-based design and operation of buildings and the systems which service them. • Provides readers with the essential concepts of computational support of performance-based design and operation. • Provides examples of how to use building simulation techniques for practical design, management and operation, their limitations and future direction. It is primarily intended for building and systems designers and operators, and postgraduate architectural, environmental or mechanical engineering students.

Assessment of Energy Efficient Building Details for Seismic Regions

Assessment of Energy Efficient Building Details for Seismic Regions
Author: Boris Azinović,Vojko Kilar,David Koren
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030975568
Category: Architecture and energy conservation
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Energy Efficient Building Details for Seismic Regions Book Excerpt:

This open access book presents a methodology for the assessment of structural building details, taking into account the contemporary guidelines for earthquake-resistant and energy-efficient buildings. A review of structural details for energy-efficient buildings revealed that in some cases the structural system is interrupted, leading to solutions which are not suitable for earthquake-prone regions. Such typical examples would be the use of thermal insulation under the building foundation and reduction of the load-bearing elements’ dimensions – also at the potential locations of plastic hinges which are crucial for the dissipation of seismic energy. The proposed methodology of assessment favours a collaboration of architects, engineers, contractors and investors in the early stage of building design. By this the methodology enables efficient decision-making and contributes to a selection of optimal building structural details. The book starts by presenting the typical structural details of the thermal envelope of energy-efficient buildings together with the scientific background required for understanding the process of detail development from all the relevant aspects. Over 20 examples of most frequent details are described and analysed to raise awareness of the importance of earthquake resistance, sustainability, energy-efficiency and thermal comfort for users.

Building Pathology Durability and Service Life

Building Pathology  Durability and Service Life
Author: J.M.P.Q. Delgado
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 161
Release: 2020-06-03
ISBN: 3030473023
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Pathology Durability and Service Life Book Excerpt:

This book provides a collection of recent research works, helping contribute to the systematization and dissemination of the latest findings on building pathologies (structural and hygrothermal), salt attack and corrosion, durability and service-life prediction. It reflects a number of recent advances concerning the above-mentioned topics, particularly in concrete structures. Intended as an overview of the current state of knowledge, the book will benefit scientists, students, practitioners, lecturers and other interested parties. At the same time, the topics covered are relevant to a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, including civil, materials and mechanical engineering.

Rammed Earth Construction

Rammed Earth Construction
Author: Daniela Ciancio,Christopher Beckett
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2015-01-29
ISBN: 1315692945
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rammed Earth Construction Book Excerpt:

Rammed Earth Construction: Cutting-Edge Research on Traditional and Modern Rammed Earth is a collection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the First International Conference on Rammed Earth Construction (ICREC2015, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, 10-13 February 2015) by academics, engineers and rammed earth practitioner

Research in Building Physics

Research in Building Physics
Author: J. Carmeliet,H. Hens,G. Vermeir
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 2197
Release: 2020-12-18
ISBN: 1000151298
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research in Building Physics Book Excerpt:

This text provides a broad view of the research performed in building physics at the start of the 21st century. The focus of this conference was on combined heat and mass flow in building components, performance-based design of building enclosures, energy use in buildings, sustainable construction, users' comfort and health, and the urban micro-climate.

Building Sustainable Futures

Building Sustainable Futures
Author: Mohammad Dastbaz,Ian Strange,Stephen Selkowitz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2015-11-13
ISBN: 3319193481
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Sustainable Futures Book Excerpt:

This book presents state-of-the-art research and case studies on new approaches to the design, construction and planning of our cities. Emphasis is placed on the role of alternative and renewable energy in the development of urban infrastructures that enable sustainable futures. Reflecting the multi-faceted efforts required to successfully meet sustainability challenges, this book is a collaboration between practitioners and academics across a broad spectrum of specializations. Compelling research findings are explained in the context of practical implementation, enhanced by case studies from industry leaders in order to create a pragmatic reference across policy areas where environmentally aware decision making is required.

Water Transport in Brick Stone and Concrete

Water Transport in Brick  Stone and Concrete
Author: Christopher Hall,William D. Hoff
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2021-07-21
ISBN: 1000407446
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Transport in Brick Stone and Concrete Book Excerpt:

Moisture dynamics in brick, stone and concrete has a controlling influence on the durability and performance of the built environment. Water Transport in Brick, Stone and Concrete provides a unified description of transport processes involving saturated and unsaturated flow in porous inorganic materials and structures. It sets out fundamental physics and materials science, mathematical description and experimental measurement as a basis for engineering design and construction practice. Now in its third edition, the book combines a systematic presentation of the scientific and technical principles with new analyses of topics such as sorption isotherms, temperature dependence of sorptivity, time-dependent properties of cement-based materials, layered materials, air-trapping and driving rain. It serves as an authoritative reference for research workers, practising engineers and students of civil, building, architectural and materials engineering. Much of the fundamental work is relevant to engineers in soil science and geotechnics, as well as oilfield, chemical and process engineering.

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering
Author: Paul Fazio,Hua Ge,Jiwu Rao,Guylaine Desmarais
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1008
Release: 2020-11-25
ISBN: 1000116204
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering Book Excerpt:

Buildings influence people. They account for one third of energy consumption across the globe and represent an annual capital expenditure of 7%-10% of GNP in industrialized countries. Their lifetime operation costs can exceed capital investment. Building Engineering aims to make buildings more efficient, safe and economical. One branch of this discipline, Building Physics/Science, has gained prominence, with a heightened awareness of such phenomena as sick buildings, the energy crisis and sustainability, and considering the performance of buildings in terms of climatic loads and indoor conditions. The book reflects the advanced level and high quality of research which Building Engineering, and Building Physics/Science in particular, have reached at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will be a valuable resource to: engineers, architects, building scientists, consultants on the building envelope, researchers and graduate students.

Proceedings of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Annual Conference 2021

Proceedings of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Annual Conference 2021
Author: Scott Walbridge,Mazdak Nik-Bakht,Kelvin Tsun Wai Ng,Manas Shome,M. Shahria Alam,Ashraf el Damatty,Gordon Lovegrove
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 705
Release: 2022-05-23
ISBN: 9811910049
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Annual Conference 2021 Book Excerpt:

This book comprises the proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering 2021. The contents of this volume focus on specialty conferences in construction, environmental, hydrotechnical, materials, structures, transportation engineering, etc. This volume will prove a valuable resource for those in academia and industry.

Proceedings of the 4th Congr s International de G otechnique Ouvrages Structures

Proceedings of the 4th Congr  s International de G  otechnique   Ouvrages  Structures
Author: Hoang-Hung Tran-Nguyen,Henry Wong,Frederic Ragueneau,Cuong Ha-Minh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1168
Release: 2017-10-20
ISBN: 9811067139
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 4th Congr s International de G otechnique Ouvrages Structures Book Excerpt:

This proceedings volume for the 4th international conference CIGOS 2017 (Congrès International de Géotechnique - Ouvrages - Structures) presents novel technologies, solutions and research advances, making it an excellent guide in civil engineering for researchers, students, and professional engineers alike. Since 2010, CIGOS has become a vital forum for international scientific exchange on civil engineering. It aims to promote beneficial economic partnerships and technology exchanges between enterprises, worldwide institutions and universities. Following the success of the last three CIGOS conferences (2010, 2013 and 2015), the 4th conference was held at Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam on 26 to 27 October 2017. The main scientific themes of CIGOS 2017 were focused on ‘New Challenges in Civil Engineering’.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 42

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 42
Author: Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2020-05-12
ISBN: 3030413845
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 42 Book Excerpt:

This book reviews recent research and applications, developments, research trends, methods and issues related to the applications of industrial hemp for fundamental research and technology.

Numerical Methods for Diffusion Phenomena in Building Physics

Numerical Methods for Diffusion Phenomena in Building Physics
Author: Nathan Mendes,Marx Chhay,Julien Berger,Denys Dutykh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2019-11-29
ISBN: 3030315746
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Numerical Methods for Diffusion Phenomena in Building Physics Book Excerpt:

This book is the second edition of Numerical methods for diffusion phenomena in building physics: a practical introduction originally published by PUCPRESS (2016). It intends to stimulate research in simulation of diffusion problems in building physics, by providing an overview of mathematical models and numerical techniques such as the finite difference and finite-element methods traditionally used in building simulation tools. Nonconventional methods such as reduced order models, boundary integral approaches and spectral methods are presented, which might be considered in the next generation of building-energy-simulation tools. In this reviewed edition, an innovative way to simulate energy and hydrothermal performance are presented, bringing some light on innovative approaches in the field.

Drying and Wetting of Building Materials and Components

Drying and Wetting of Building Materials and Components
Author: J.M.P.Q. Delgado
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2014-06-19
ISBN: 3319045318
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drying and Wetting of Building Materials and Components Book Excerpt:

This book, Drying and Wetting of Building Materials and Components, provides a collection of recent contributions in the field of drying and wetting in porous building materials. The main benefit of the book is that it discusses some of the most important topics related to the drying and wetting processes, namely, innovations and trends in drying science and technology, drying mechanism and theory, equipment, advanced modelling, complex simulation and experimentation. At the same time, these topics will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines. The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering

CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering
Author: Raj P. Chhabra
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1649
Release: 2017-11-08
ISBN: 149871529X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering Book Excerpt:

The CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering, Second Edition, is a fully updated version of this respected reference work, with chapters written by leading experts. Its first part covers basic concepts, equations and principles of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid dynamics. Following that is detailed coverage of major application areas, such as bioengineering, energy-efficient building systems, traditional and renewable energy sources, food processing, and aerospace heat transfer topics. The latest numerical and computational tools, microscale and nanoscale engineering, and new complex-structured materials are also presented. Designed for easy reference, this new edition is a must-have volume for engineers and researchers around the globe.