Hypertext and Cognition

Hypertext and Cognition
Author: Jean-Francois Rouet,Jarmo J. Levonen,Andrew Dillon,Rand J. Spiro
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2012-11-12
ISBN: 1136492267
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hypertext and Cognition Book Excerpt:

The recent evolution of western societies has been characterized by an increasing emphasis on information and communication. As the amount of available information increases, however, the user -- worker, student, citizen -- faces a new problem: selecting and accessing relevant information. More than ever it is crucial to find efficient ways for users to interact with information systems in a way that prevents them from being overwhelmed or simply missing their targets. As a result, hypertext systems have been developed as a means of facilitating the interactions between readers and text. In hypertext, information is organized as a network in which nodes are text chunks (e.g., lists of items, paragraphs, pages) and links are relationships between the nodes (e.g., semantic associations, expansions, definitions, examples -- virtually any kind of relation that can be imagined between two text passages). Unfortunately, the many ways in which these hypertext interfaces can be designed has caused a complexity that extends far beyond the processing abilities of regular users. Therefore, it has become widely recognized that a more rational approach based on a thorough analysis of information users' needs, capacities, capabilities, and skills is needed. This volume seeks to meet that need. From a user-centered perspective -- between systems and users -- this volume presents theoretical and empirical research on the cognitive processes involved in using hypertext. In so doing, it illustrates three main approaches to the design of hypertext systems: *cognitive, which examines how users process multilayered hypertext structures; *ergonomical, which explores how users interact with the design characteristics of hardware and software; and *educational, which studies the learning objectives, frequency and duration of hypertext sessions, type of reading activity, and the user's learning characteristics. This volume also tries to provide answers for the questions that have plagued hypertext research: *What is hypertext good for? *Who is hypertext good for? *If it is useful for learning and instruction, then what type? *What particular cognitive skills are needed to interact successfully with a hypertext system? Anyone interested in the fields of computer science, linguistics, psychology, education, and graphic design will find this volume intriguing, informative, and a definitive starting point for future research in the field of hypertext.

Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Johanna D. Moore,Keith Stenning
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1202
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9780805841527
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Twenty Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Excerpt:

Vol. includes all papers and posters presented at 2001 Cog Sci Mtg & summaries of symposia & invited addresses. Deals w/ issues of repres & model'g cog processes. Appeals to scholars in subdisciplines that comprise Cog Sci: Psych, Computr Sci, Neuro, Lin

Cognitive Support for Learning

Cognitive Support for Learning
Author: Piet A. M. Kommers
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2004
ISBN: 9781586034214
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Support for Learning Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the various aspects of computational support systems for learners nowadays. It highlights in particular those learning aspects that rely heavily upon ones imagination of knowledge and new ideas. The question is how learners may become more effective through the use of highly graphical computer systems that now conquer almost every desk. As an extrapolation of the constructionistic paradigm, learning is seen here as a process of conceptual design. Witnessing the prudent introduction of CADD software (Computer Aided Drafting and Design) it is obvious that users are generally scrupulous to accept the computer in the ideational stages of design. This book presents both existing conceptual techniques and those estimated to arrive in the few coming years. Its further evolution does not rely entirely on interactive systems; quite often we see that design methods remain long after the tools have been abandoned. One of the reasons that conceptual support has not particularly sustained in learning practices is that it demands the learner to make intuitive ideas explicit and thus forces the learner to reconsider existential factors like imagining and expressing the unknown; hard to reconcile with the traditional conversation style between teachers and students. Collaborative learning situations are a much better condition for conceptual negotiations. It is likely that Web-based learning communities will foster these more subtle stages in understanding as it provides less pressure to accept the authorities conclusion before the learner actually understands a certain topic.

The Theory and Criticism of Virtual Texts

The Theory and Criticism of Virtual Texts
Author: Lory Hawkes,Christina Murphy,Joe Law
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2001
ISBN: 0313312249
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Theory and Criticism of Virtual Texts Book Excerpt:

Virtual texts have emerged within the realm of the Internet as the predominant mode of global communication. But despite the pervasiveness of the Internet in nearly all aspects of contemporary life, no single resource has cataloged the ways in which numerous disciplines have investigated and critiqued virtual texts. This bibliography provides more than 1500 annotated entries for books, articles, dissertations, and electronic resources on virtual texts published between 1988 and 1999. It explores such topics as the history and development of virtual communication, visualization studies, discourse studies, information design, computer-mediated communication and education, and privacy and intellectual property issues. Entries are arranged alphabetically within topical chapters, and extensive indexes facilitate easy access.

Handbook of Research on Human Cognition and Assistive Technology Design Accessibility and Transdisciplinary Perspectives

Handbook of Research on Human Cognition and Assistive Technology  Design  Accessibility and Transdisciplinary Perspectives
Author: Seok, Soonhwa,Meyen, Edward L.,DaCosta, Boaventura
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2010-05-31
ISBN: 1615208186
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Human Cognition and Assistive Technology Design Accessibility and Transdisciplinary Perspectives Book Excerpt:

"The intent of this book is to assist researchers, practitioners, and the users of assistive technology to augment the accessibility of assistive technology by implementing human cognition into its design and practice"--Provided by publisher.

Cognitive Aspects of Electronic Text Processing

Cognitive Aspects of Electronic Text Processing
Author: Herre van Oostendorp,Sjaak de Mul
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1996
ISBN: 9781567502350
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Aspects of Electronic Text Processing Book Excerpt:

Assembles perspectives on the discourse of electronic texts from cognitive psychology, computer science, and cognitive ergonomics, emphasizing the interface characteristics and design for linear and non-linear texts as used in e-mail, electronic journal browsers, word processors that combine reading and writing, and hypertext systems. The goal is to demonstrate how the insights of the fields can be used in the others. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Cognitive Load Theory

Cognitive Load Theory
Author: Fred Paas,Alexander Renkl,John Sweller
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 80
Release: 2016-02-04
ISBN: 1135065802
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Load Theory Book Excerpt:

The papers of this special issue demonstrate that cognitive load theory provides the framework for investigations into cognitive processes and instructional design. The genesis of Cognitive Load Theory emerged from an international symposium organized at the bi-annual conference of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction in 2001 in Fribourg, Switzerland. Most of the papers are based on contributions to that symposium and discuss the most recent work carried out within the cognitive load framework. As a whole, this issue is demonstrating that cognitive load theory is continuing its role of using cognitive psychology principles to generate novel instructional design procedures.

Writing and Cognition

Writing and Cognition
Author: Mark Torrance,Luuk van Waes,David Galbraith
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN: 1849508224
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Writing and Cognition Book Excerpt:

Writing and Cognition describes new and diverse work, both by field leaders and by newer researchers, exploring the complex relationships between language, the mind and the environments in which writers work. Chapters range in focus from a detailed analysis of single-word production to the writing of whole texts.

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology
Author: David H. Jonassen,Association for Educational Communications and Technology
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 1210
Release: 2004
ISBN: 0805841458
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology Book Excerpt:

This edition of this handbook updates and expands its review of the research, theory, issues and methodology that constitute the field of educational communications and technology. Organized into seven sectors, it profiles and integrates the following elements of this rapidly changing field.

Proceedings of the 25th Annual Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the 25th Annual Cognitive Science Society
Author: Richard Alterman,David Kirsch
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2013-12-16
ISBN: 1317759311
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 25th Annual Cognitive Science Society Book Excerpt:

This volume features the complete text of the material presented at the Twenty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. As in previous years, the symposium included an interesting mixture of papers on many topics from researchers with diverse backgrounds and different goals, presenting a multifaceted view of cognitive science. This volume includes all papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the leading conference that brings cognitive scientists together. The theme of this year's conference was the social, cultural, and contextual elements of cognition, including topics on collaboration, cultural learning, distributed cognition, and interaction.

Cognition Education and Multimedia

Cognition  Education  and Multimedia
Author: Rand J. Spiro,Don Nix
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2012-10-12
ISBN: 1136461566
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognition Education and Multimedia Book Excerpt:

Computers have become a topic of concern, debate, argument, dogmatism, and inquiry among a variety of people who are interested in the fate and effectiveness of the educational system. This book presents working hypotheses of ways in which computers may fit into and/or transform classroom education. Through the exploration of learning and cognitive theory as it infuses technological developments, this volume promises to illuminate a number of important issues, including experiential learning and nontraditional computer-based instruction.

Human Computer Interaction Users and Contexts of Use

Human Computer Interaction  Users and Contexts of Use
Author: Masaaki Kurosu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2013-07-03
ISBN: 3642392652
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Computer Interaction Users and Contexts of Use Book Excerpt:

The five-volume set LNCS 8004--8008 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2013, held in Las Vegas, NV, USA in July 2013. The total of 1666 papers and 303 posters presented at the HCII 2013 conferences was carefully reviewed and selected from 5210 submissions. These papers address the latest research and development efforts and highlight the human aspects of design and use of computing systems. The papers accepted for presentation thoroughly cover the entire field of human-computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. This volume contains papers in the thematic area of human-computer interaction, addressing the following major topics: identity, privacy and trust; user studies; interaction for society and community; HCI for business and innovation.

Computers As Cognitive Tools

Computers As Cognitive Tools
Author: Susanne P. Lajoie
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2020-04-15
ISBN: 1135461090
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computers As Cognitive Tools Book Excerpt:

Since the publication of the first edition of Computers as Cognitive Tools in 1993, rapid changes have taken place in the uses of technology for educational purposes and in the theories underlying such uses. Changes in perspectives on thinking and learning are guiding the instructional design of computer-based learning environments. Computers as Cognitive Tools, Volume II: No More Walls provides examples of state-of-the-art technology-based research in the field of education and training. These examples are theory-driven and reflect the learning paradigms that are currently in use in cognitive science. The learning theories, which consider the nature of individual learning, as well as how knowledge is constructed in social situations, include information processing, constructivism, and situativity. Contributors to this volume demonstrate some variability in their choice of guiding learning paradigms. This allows readers the opportunity to examine how such paradigms are operationalized and validated. An array of instructional and assessment approaches are described, along with new techniques for automating the design and assessment process. New considerations are offered as possibilities for examining learning in distributed situations. A multitude of subject matter areas are covered, including scientific reasoning and inquiry in biology, physics, medicine, electricity, teacher education, programming, and hypermedia composition in the social sciences and ecology. This volume reconsiders the initial "camp" analogy posited in 1993 edition of Computers as Cognitive Tools, and presents a mechanism for breaking camp to find new summits.

Cognitive Tools for Learning

Cognitive Tools for Learning
Author: Piet A.M. Kommers,David H. Jonassen,J. Terry Mayes
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642772226
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Tools for Learning Book Excerpt:

Hypermedia technology needs a creative approach from the outset in the design of software to facilitate human thinking and learning. This book opens a discussion of the potential of hypermedia and related approaches to provide open exploratory learning environments. The papers in the book are based on contributions to a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in July1990 and are grouped into six sections: - Semantic networking as cognitive tools, - Expert systems as cognitive tools, - Hypertext as cognitive tools, - Collaborative communication tools, - Microworlds: context-dependent cognitive tools, - Implementing cognitive tools. The book will be valuable for those who design, implement and evaluate learning programs and who seek to escape from rigid tactics like programmed instruction and behavioristic approaches. The book presents principles for exploratory systems that go beyond existing metaphors of instruction and provokes the reader to think in a new way about the cognitive level of human-computer interaction.

Learning styles in education and training

Learning styles in education and training
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1845449363
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learning styles in education and training Book Excerpt:

The application of learning styles theory and research continues to hold great promise for practitioners in both education and training as a potentially powerful mechanism for enabling pupils, students and trainees to better manage their own learning throughout their educational and working lives. The selection of papers from the 10th annual European Learning Styles Information Network conference (held in July 2005 at the School of Management, University of Surrey) presented here raise a number of pertinent issues which are significant in the on-going debate regarding the value of cognitive a.

Pragmatics Cognition

Pragmatics   Cognition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Cognition
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pragmatics Cognition Book Excerpt:

Cognitive Technology

Cognitive Technology
Author: J.L. Mey,B. Gorayska
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 419
Release: 1995-12-01
ISBN: 9780080529318
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Technology Book Excerpt:

In this book the editors have gathered a number of contributions by persons who have been working on problems of Cognitive Technology (CT). The present collection initiates explorations of the human mind via the technologies the mind produces. These explorations take as their point of departure the question What happens when humans produce new technologies? Two interdependent perspectives from which such a production can be approached are adopted: • How and why constructs that have their origins in human mental life are embodied in physical environments when people fabricate their habitat, even to the point of those constructs becoming that very habitat • How and why these fabricated habitats affect, and feed back into, human mental life. The aim of the CT research programme is to determine, in general, which technologies, and in particular, which interactive computer-based technologies, are humane with respect to the cognitive development and evolutionary adaptation of their end users. But what does it really mean to be humane in a technological world? To shed light on this central issue other pertinent questions are raised, e.g. • Why are human minds externalised, i.e., what purpose does the process of externalisation serve? • What can we learn about the human mind by studying how it externalises itself? • How does the use of externalised mental constructs (the objects we call 'tools') change people fundamentally? • To what extent does human interaction with technology serve as an amplification of human cognition, and to what extent does it lead to a atrophy of the human mind? The book calls for a reflection on what a tool is. Strong parallels between CT and environmentalism are drawn: both are seen as trends having originated in our need to understand how we manipulate, by means of the tools we have created, our natural habitat consisting of, on the one hand, the cognitive environment which generates thought and determines action, and on the other hand, the physical environment in which thought and action are realised. Both trends endeavour to protect the human habitat from the unwanted or uncontrolled impact of technology, and are ultimately concerned with the ethics and aesthetics of tool design and tool use. Among the topics selected by the contributors to the book, the following themes emerge (the list is not exhaustive): using technology to empower the cognitively impaired; the ethics versus aesthetics of technology; the externalisation of emotive and affective life and its special dialectic ('mirror') effects; creativity enhancement: cognitive space, problem tractability; externalisation of sensory life and mental imagery; the engineering and modelling aspects of externalised life; externalised communication channels and inner dialogue; externalised learning protocols; relevance analysis as a theoretical framework for cognitive technology.

Applied Spatial Cognition

Applied Spatial Cognition
Author: Gary L. Allen
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2020-07-25
ISBN: 1000149447
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Spatial Cognition Book Excerpt:

Applied Spatial Cognition illustrates the vital link between research and application in spatial cognition. With an impressive vista ranging from applied research to applications of cognitive technology, this volume presents the work of individuals from a wide range of disciplines and research areas, including psychologists, geographers, information scientists, computer scientists, cognitive scientists, engineers, and architects. Chapters throughout the book are a testimony to the importance of basic and applied research regarding human spatial cognition and behavior in the many facets of daily life. The contents are arranged into three sections, the first of which deals with a variety of spatial problems in real-world settings. The second section focuses on spatial cognition in specific populations. The final part is concerned principally with applications of spatial cognitive research and the development of cognitive technology. Relevant to a number of remarkably diverse groups, Applied Spatial Cognition will be of considerable interest to researchers and professionals in industrial/organizational psychology, human factors research, and cognitive science.

Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics

Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics
Author: Don Harris
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN: 1351568248
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics Book Excerpt:

This is the second of two edited volumes from an international group of researchers and specialists, which together comprise the edited proceedings of the First International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, organized by Cranfield College of Aeronautics at Stratford-upon-Avon, England in October 1996. The applications areas include aerospace and other transportation, human-computer interaction, process control and training technology. Topics addressed include: the design of control and display systems; human perception, error, reliability, information processing, and human perception, error, reliability, information processing, and awareness, skill acquisition and retention; techniques for evaluating human-machine systems and the physiological correlates of performance. While Volume one is more clearly focused on the domain of aviation and ground transportation, Volume two is concerned with human factors in job and product design, the basics of decision making and training, with relevance to all industrial domains. Part one opens with a keynote chapter by Ken Eason. It is followed by Part two dealing with learning and training, while Part three reflects the rapidly growing area of medical ergonomics. Part four entitled 'Applied Cognitive Psychology' is biased towards human capabilities, an understanding of which is central to sound human engineering decisions. Part five firmly emphasizes equipment rather than its human operators.

Understanding Multimedia Documents

Understanding Multimedia Documents
Author: Richard Lowe,Jean-Francois Rouet,Wolfgang Schnotz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2008-07-17
ISBN: 9780387733371
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Multimedia Documents Book Excerpt:

Professionals who use multimedia documents as a tool to communicate concepts will find this a hugely illuminating text. It provides a comprehensive and up to date account of relevant research issues, methodologies and results in the area of multimedia comprehension. More specifically, the book draws connections between cognitive research, instructional strategies and design methodologies. It includes theoretical reviews, discussions of research techniques, ad original experimental contributions. The book highlights essential aspects of current theories, and trends for future research on the use of multimedia documents.