Description : The book covers the various aspects of the use of pesticides, their behavior, degradation, and impacts in wetland ricefields, and presents the results of surveys conducted in the Philippines and Thailand. It includes both bibliographic reviews and selected aspects of the experimental results of a research project on pesticide impacts in wetland ricefields. The first phase of the `Pesticide Impact' project was developed in the Philippines from 1989 to 1991. It was a multidisciplinary/collaborative approach involving scientists from IRRI, NRI (England), ORSTOM (France), UPLB (Philippines) who studied the effects of pesticides on the environment and on farmers' health, and the economical aspects of their use.
Description : Rice is the food crop the world depends on most. In Feeding a Hungry Planet, James Lang demonstrates how research has benefited rice growers and increased production. He describes the life cycle of a rice crop and explains how research is conducted and how the results end up growing in a farmer's field. Focusing on Asia and Latin America, Lang explores lowland and upland rice systems, genetics, sustainable agriculture, and efforts to narrow the gap between yields at research stations and those on working farms. Ultimately, says Lang, the ability to feed growing populations and protect fragile ecologies depends as much on the sustainable on-site farm technologies as on high-yielding crop varieties. Lang views agriculture as a chain of events linking the farmer's field with the scientist's laboratory, and he argues that rice cultivation is shaped by different social systems, cultures, and environments. Describing research conducted by the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines and by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture in Colombia, he shows how national programs tailor research to their own production problems. According to Lang, the interaction of research programs, practical problem solving, and local extension efforts suggests a new model for international development.
Description : This text quantifies the impact of climate change on rice production using crop simulation models, and integrates existing knowledge of the effects of increased levels of carbon dioxide and temperature
Description : Human capacity building is the heart and soul of IRRI's past and future. For more than 50 years, IRRI has provided training to a total of 11,599 national scientists around the world, 22% of which were female. More than 10,000 personnel benefited from nondegree training and about 1,600 were supported in their MS/PhD programs. No other center in the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research has trained as many professionals. The result is that, in every corner of the rice-growing world, one can find personnel who have been to Los Baños. IRRI management has from the very beginning recognized the need for training in both research and extension activities in order to achieve a sustained increase in rice production. Yet, until now, there has been no close examination of the training program. Our objective in this report has been to reconstruct the database, examine the trends and changes over time in training activities, and raise issues regarding the future of the training program.