Description : A fully revised and updated second edition of the essential guide that tells you everything you want to know about IPOs in the UK. An initial public offering (IPO) - the occasion when a firm's shares are issued to the public for the first time - is one of the most exciting events in the life of a company, providing new opportunities for the business, its managers and for investors. IPOs attract a lot of attention from stock market researchers, academics and investors seeking to understand more about how they work and how the shares of IPO companies perform once they are listed. In this second edition of Initial Public Offerings, Arif Khurshed delves into the history of IPOs on the London Stock Exchange, explains the mechanics of how IPOs are arranged and how they are priced, and provides an analysis - with detailed but lucid reference to past academic studies - of how the shares of IPO companies perform in the short and long term. The book provides valuable insight into many fundamental IPO matters, including: - the different methods of flotation that are used, - the alternative ways in which IPO shares are priced, - how common it is for IPO shares to over or underperform, - the survival of IPO firms once they are listed. There are also detailed case studies of the short- and long-run performance of a number of high-profile IPOs, including those of Facebook, Alibaba and Royal Mail. If you are an academic, finance professional or serious investor looking to broaden your knowledge of stock market flotations then you will find Initial Public Offerings to be an indispensable guide.
Description : A major international study on corporate governance and Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) in twenty-one countries.
Description : After the cooling off of IPOs since the dot com bubble, Google has rekindled the fire for IPOs. This IPO reader contains new articles exclusive to this reader by leading academics from around the world dealing with quantitative and qualitative analyses of this increasingly popular and important area of finance. Articles address new methods of IPO performance, international IPOs, IPO evaluation, IPO underwriting, evaluation and bookbuilding. Although numerous articles are technical in nature, with econometric and statistical models, particular attention has been directed towards the understanding and the applicability of the results as well as theoretical development in this area. This reader will assist researchers, academics, and graduate students to further understand the latest research on IPOs. *Interest in IPOs is increasing again after the Google IPO, and IPOs are up significantly from last year *Chapters by well known academics provide an international perspective, describing research results from IPO data in countries spanning the globe *Research is based on real results from IPO data collected over the past 5-7 years
Description : Bachelor Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: 1,7, Martin Luther University, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The world of finance is complex. There are many aspects, which cannot be fully explained and still confuse the researchers. One of the most discussed topics is that of Initial Public Offerings (IPO) mainly because of the intricate connections between investment bankers (underwriters), issuers and buyers. This paper will try to summarize the whole process of going public and emphasize on the role of the (lead) underwriter in it. The paper discusses mainly the American "way" of going public, but the procedure is generally the same for the European market with some differences that are explained in the text. The advantages, disadvantages and the legal requirements for going public are enlightened, in order of understanding the important role, which the underwriter plays in the whole process. The structure and the legal consequences of the due diligence process are presented. The types of agreement between the underwriter and the issuer are described, with the consequences that originate from them. The ways of determining the price and the advantages and disadvantages of any of them are presented, with respect to the importance of the underwriter's role in them and the liabilities that she has. The problem with the underpricing is discussed more detailed, since this is one of the big challenges in the IPO process. Some theories that explain this phenomenon are briefly discussed, showing the mechanism that is behind the underpricing problem. Some of the unlawful allocation practices are listed, with examples that show that even the top underwriters use prohibited actions to ensure the successful completion of the IPO process. The importance of the pre-opening period for the determination of the right market price and the active participation of the underw
Description : Initial public offerings (IPOs) play a crucial role in allocating resources in market economies. Because of the enormous importance of IPOs, an understanding of how IPOs work is fundamental to an understanding of financial markets generally. Of particular interest is the puzzling existence of high initial returns to equity IPOs in the United States and other free-market economies. Audience: Designed for use by anyone wishing to perform further academic research in the area of IPOs and by those practitioners interested in IPOs as investment vehicles.
Description : An initial public offering (IPO) is one of the most significant events in corporate life. It follows months, even years of preparation. During the boom years of the late 1990s bull market, IPOs of growth companies captured the imagination and pocketbooks of investors like never before. This book goes behind the scenes to examine the process of an offering from the decision to go public to the procedures of a subsequent equity offering. The book is written from the perspective of an experienced investment banker describing the hows and whys of IPOs and subsequent equity issues. Each aspect of an IPO is illustrated with plenty of international examples pitched alongside relevant academic research to offer a combination of theoretical rigour and practical application. Topics covered are: - the decision to go public - legal and regulatory aspects of an offering; marketing and research - valuation and pricing - allocations of shares to investors - examination of fees and commissions * Global perpective: UK, European and US practices, regulations and examples, and case studies * First hand experience written by an IPO trader with academic rigour * Includes the changes in the market that resulted from 1998-2000 equity boom
Description : There is some theoretical [Miller (1976)] and empirical [Diether, Molloy, and Scherbina (2002)] evidence in the literature that when investors disagree about he value of a stock the market price is likely to reflect the more optimistic view for less liquid stocks where short selling may be more costly. In the third chapter I show that this is true in the case of IPOs as well. I conjecture that issues that are relatively less liquid will exhibit more non-fundamental volatility. I measure non-fundamental volatility using cross-sectional and time-series regression methods suggested by Amihud and Mendelson (1987) and Damadaran (1993). I find that stocks with more non-fundamental volatility under-perform otherwise similar stocks in the long run (one to three years).