Insect Immunology

Insect Immunology
Author: Nancy E. Beckage
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2011-04-28
ISBN: 9780080556338
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Immunology Book Excerpt:

This work is the first book-length publication on the topic of insect immunology since 1991, complementing earlier works by offering a fresh perspective on current research. Interactions of host immune systems with both parasites and pathogens are presented in detail, as well as the genomics and proteomics, approaches which have been lacking in other publications. Beckage provides comprehensive coverage of topics important to medical researchers, including Drosophila as a model for studying cellular and humoral immune mechanisms, biochemical mediators of immunity, and insect blood cells and their functions. Encompasses the most important topics of insect immunology including mechanisms, genes, proteins, evolution and phylogeny Provides comprehensive coverage of topics important to medical researchers including Drosophila as a model for studying cellular and humoral immune mechanisms, biochemical mediators of immunity, and insect blood cells and their functions Most up-to-date information published with contributions from international leaders in the field

Insect Immunity

Insect Immunity
Author: Petros Ligoxygakis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2017-05-25
ISBN: 0128117761
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Immunity Book Excerpt:

Insect Immunity, Volume 52 provides readers with the latest interdisciplinary reviews on the topic. It is an essential reference source for invertebrate physiologists, neurobiologists, entomologists, zoologists and insect chemists. Presents a comprehensive overview of recent insect immunity science Written by leaders in their respective areas of research Ideal resource for invertebrate physiologists, neurobiologists, entomologists, zoologists and insect chemists

Insect Immunity

Insect Immunity
Author: J.P.N. Pathak
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2013-11-21
ISBN: 9401116180
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Immunity Book Excerpt:

Immunity in insects is different from immunity in vertebrates. Insects lack immunoglobulins even though they are capable of reacting against foreign components with effective defense mechanism. There has been a marked advancement in most of the fields of science in the past two decades. Insect immunity is also one of them. It is a developing subject which is now established as a new branch in insect study. This treatise is an attempt to compile meaningful articles of leading workers in this field, nevertheless we do not claim that leadership in insect immunity is by any means restricted to them. The idea is to provide a vibrant description of various aspects of "Insect Immunity". With the rapid development of the subject, it is difficult for any one author to discuss all the aspects of an area in a limited number of pages, even then they have done their utmost to include the entire development of the subject in their articles. The treatise deals with insect haemocytes, their population, isolation and role in defense mechanism, humoral encapsulation, inducible humoral antibacterial immunity, cellular immune reactions, role of endocrines, role of prophenol oxidase system in cellular communication, haemagglutinins and impact of parasite on insect immune system. Some topics could not be covered because experts in those area though willing could not complete their commitment within time limits.

Insect Molecular Biology and Biochemistry

Insect Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
Author: Lawrence I. Gilbert
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 575
Release: 2011-09-19
ISBN: 0123847478
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Book Excerpt:

The publication of the extensive seven-volume work Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science provided a complete reference encompassing important developments and achievements in modern insect science. One of the most swiftly moving areas in entomological and comparative research is molecular biology, and this volume, Insect Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, is designed for those who desire a comprehensive yet concise work on important aspects of this topic. This volume contains ten fully revised or rewritten chapters from the original series as well as five completely new chapters on topics such as insect immunology, insect genomics, RNAi, and molecular biology of circadian rhythms and circadian behavior. The topics included are key to an understanding of insect development, with emphasis on the cuticle, digestive properties, and the transport of lipids; extensive and integrated chapters on cytochrome P450s; and the role of transposable elements in the developmental processes as well as programmed cell death. This volume will be of great value to senior investigators, graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and advanced undergraduate research students. It can also be used as a reference for graduate courses and seminars on the topic. Chapters will also be valuable to the applied biologist or entomologist, providing the requisite understanding necessary for probing the more applied research areas related to insect control. Topics specially selected by the editor-in-chief of the original major reference work Fully revised and new contributions bring together the latest research in the rapidly moving fields of insect molecular biology and insect biochemistry, including coverage of development, physiology, immunity and proteomics Full-color provides readers with clear, useful illustrations to highlight important research findings

Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods

Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods
Author: Ayodhya P. Gupta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2022
ISBN: 135109033X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods Book Excerpt:

In insect and other arthropod immune systems, discrimination between self and nonself tissues is accomplished through the combined actions of two immunocytes and several humoral factors. Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods presents a comprehensive look at this and other important topics in arthropod immunology. Issues discussed include insect immunocytes and other hemocytes, including computer image analysis of immunocyte serial sections; the two basic cellular immune reactions (phagocytosis and encapsulation), including the molecular basis and roles of gap junctions in encapsulation; how encapsulation is affected by polydnavirus and encapsulation-promoting factors; why insect cells are immune to HIV; humoral factors; and antibacterial factors in Lepidoptera, Diptera, and other insect orders. Other topics include hemolymph proteins interacting with mammalian complement cascade; adaptive humoral response in the American cockroach; antigenic stimulation of hemaglutinin production in insects; and the applications of the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) in detecting endotoxins in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, clinical diagnosis, and hygienic control. This book represents an important reference source for hematologists, pathologists, immunologists, AIDS researchers, comparative immunologists, and pharmaceutical companies.

Techniques in Insect Immunology

Techniques in Insect Immunology
Author: Andreas Wiesner,V. J. Marmaras
Publsiher: Sos Publications
Total Pages: 304
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Insects
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Techniques in Insect Immunology Book Excerpt:

The importance of insects for human welfare is unquestionable. This laboratory manual summarizes a number of key methods used by insect immunologists around the world. It should be helpful for those already working in this field & especially for scientists with general interest in this research topic as a methodical guide for the first steps. The experiments are described in detail, with step-by-step directions. Basic procedure for activation, detection, quantification & characterization of cellular & humoral defense reactions are given, along with protocols for more detailed investigations of cell differentiation & isolation of insect immune factors. Population genetic aspect, viral pathology & comparative studies revealing similarities with the vertebrate immune system are also included. The result described in the chapters show remarkable progress in our understanding of insect immunology. Simultaneously, the large number of still-unanswered questions make us realize that we have a lot left to learn about these fascinating animals. From future investigation we can expect a better understanding of the immune system's evolution, the discovery of new antimicrobial & regulatory insect molecules potentially useful in the therapy of human disease & new strategies for insect control.

Insect Infection and Immunity

Insect Infection and Immunity
Author: Jens Rolff,Stuart Reynolds
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 267
Release: 2009-06-25
ISBN: 0199551359
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Infection and Immunity Book Excerpt:

This book is published on the occasion of the Royal Entomological Society's Symposium on Insect infection and immunity in Sheffield, July 15-17 2009.

The Insect Immune System as a Target for Protecting Beneficial Insects and Controlling Pests

The Insect Immune System as a Target for Protecting Beneficial Insects and Controlling Pests
Author: Arash Zibaee,Davide Malagoli
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2020-12-01
ISBN: 2889662268
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Insect Immune System as a Target for Protecting Beneficial Insects and Controlling Pests Book Excerpt:

This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.

Encyclopedia of Insects

Encyclopedia of Insects
Author: Vincent H. Resh,Ring T. Cardé
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1168
Release: 2009-07-22
ISBN: 9780080920900
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Insects Book Excerpt:

Awarded Best Reference by the New York Public Library (2004), Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE (2003), and AAP/PSP 2003 Best Single Volume Reference/Sciences by Association of American Publishers' Professional Scholarly Publishing Division, the first edition of Encyclopedia of Insects was acclaimed as the most comprehensive work devoted to insects. Covering all aspects of insect anatomy, physiology, evolution, behavior, reproduction, ecology, and disease, as well as issues of exploitation, conservation, and management, this book sets the standard in entomology. The second edition of this reference will continue the tradition by providing the most comprehensive, useful, and up-to-date resource for professionals. Expanded sections in forensic entomology, biotechnology and Drosphila, reflect the full update of over 300 topics. Articles contributed by over 260 high profile and internationally recognized entomologists provide definitive facts regarding all insects from ants, beetles, and butterflies to yellow jackets, zoraptera, and zygentoma. * 66% NEW and revised content by over 200 international experts * New chapters on Bedbugs, Ekbom Syndrome, Human History, Genomics, Vinegaroons * Expanded sections on insect-human interactions, genomics, biotechnology, and ecology * Each of the 273 articles updated to reflect the advances which have taken place in entomology research since the previous edition * Features 1,000 full-color photographs, figures and tables * A full glossary, 1,700 cross-references, 3,000 bibliographic entries, and online access save research time * Updated with online access

Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods

Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods
Author: Ayodhya P. Gupta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2017-12-18
ISBN: 9781315894331
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods Book Excerpt:

In insect and other arthropod immune systems, discrimination between self and nonself tissues is accomplished through the combined actions of two immunocytes and several humoral factors. Immunology of Insects and Other Arthropods presents a comprehensive look at this and other important topics in arthropod immunology. Issues discussed include insect immunocytes and other hemocytes, including computer image analysis of immunocyte serial sections; the two basic cellular immune reactions (phagocytosis and encapsulation), including the molecular basis and roles of gap junctions in encapsulation; how encapsulation is affected by polydnavirus and encapsulation-promoting factors; why insect cells are immune to HIV; humoral factors; and antibacterial factors in Lepidoptera, Diptera, and other insect orders. Other topics include hemolymph proteins interacting with mammalian complement cascade; adaptive humoral response in the American cockroach; antigenic stimulation of hemaglutinin production in insects; and the applications of the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) in detecting endotoxins in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, clinical diagnosis, and hygienic control. This book represents an important reference source for hematologists, pathologists, immunologists, AIDS researchers, comparative immunologists, and pharmaceutical companies.

Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology

Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Author: W. Henle,P. H. Hofschneider,H. Koprowski,O. Maaløe,F. Melchers,R. Rott,H. G. Schweiger,P. K. Vogt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642681204
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology Book Excerpt:

Several discoveries are noteworthy for allowing us to probe the recesses of the virus℗Ư infected cell and to search for cryptic viral genomes which might provide clues in our studies of cancer etiology or developmental biology. One of the most notable was the dis℗Ư covery of reverse transcriptase. This marked a momentous occasion in the history of molecular biology. Not only did it provide insight into the mechanism of persistence of retroviruses but it also provided us with an enzyme that could synthesize a DNA copy of any RNA. This DNA copy could then be used as a hybridization reagent to search for both complementary DNA and viral-specific RNA. Thus one could follow the course of any viral infection or probe in tumor cells for hidden viral genomes. Second, a great deal of credit must be given to the geneticists who isolated the various deletion mutants in the 'avian retrovirus system and thus provided us with the frrst means of isolating gene-spe℗Ư cific probes. Finally, the laboratories which have mapped the genome have provided us with the framework in which to ask very specific questions with our gene-specific probes. Recently, numerous excellent reviews concerning various aspects of the retroviruses have appeared. In this review I shall not even attempt to present a comprehensive review of retroviruses.

Invertebrate Immunology

Invertebrate Immunology
Author: B. Rinkevich,W.E.G. Müller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642797350
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invertebrate Immunology Book Excerpt:

The biological bases of invertebrate immune responses have interested scientists for decades, from the first relevant observation by E. Metchnikoff in 1882, who discovered phagocytosis while studying starfish larvae. Invertebrate immunology first began to be appre ciated as an important field in the late 1960s and 1970s. However, in the following years there was much controversy regarding the question: do invertebrates offer insight into the origin of the sophisticated immune responses of the vertebrates? There are several reasons why progress in research on invertebrate immune competence has been painfully slow. One of the main impediments to the progress, as compared to the fast development of knowledge in the vertebrate systems, was the fact that most of the studies concentrated on "whole organism" assays, mainly on grafting tissues between allogeneic partners. Only in the last few years have more and more aspects of invertebrate immunity been investigated on the cellular, biochemical and molecular levels. These studies led to discoveries of novel defense reactions, new pathways of effector mechanisms which are elicited after recognition of "nonself', and complex, sometimes highly polymorphic genetic elements that control invertebrate immune reactions. The importance of invertebrate immunity for understanding "immunology" as a whole, despite the conflicting models and hypotheses, is now much more recognized than before. Although most of the 20 phyla belonging to the inver tebrates have different modes of life, body organizations, habitats occupied, and biochemical patterns, they show striking aspects of exceptional precision for discriminating between self and nonself.

Insect Immunology

Insect Immunology
Author: Nancy E. Beckage
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2008-01
ISBN: 0123739764
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Immunology Book Excerpt:

Given the critical importance of insect immunology in insect vector-parasite interactions and vector control, biological control of agricultural insect pests, and other key areas of entomological research and practice, a new comprehensive work summarizing recent breakthroughs in this rapidly expanding field is sorely needed. This work will constitute the first book-length publication on the topic of insect immunology since 1991, complimenting earlier works by offering a fresh perspective on current research. Interactions of host immune systems with both parasites and pathogens will be presented as well as the genomics and proteomics approaches which have been lacking in other publication. * Encompasses the most important topics of insect immunology including mechanisms, genes, proteins, evolution and phylogeny * Provides comprehensive coverage of topics important to medical researchers including Drosophila as a model for studying cellular and humoral immune mechanisms, biochemical mediators of immunity, and insect blood cells and their functions * Most up-to-date information published with contributions from international leaders in the field

Turkish Journal of Agriculture Forestry

Turkish Journal of Agriculture   Forestry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Turkish Journal of Agriculture Forestry Book Excerpt:

Immunity in Insects

Immunity in Insects
Author: Federica Sandrelli,Gianluca Tettamanti
Publsiher: Humana
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2020-01-28
ISBN: 9781071602584
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunity in Insects Book Excerpt:

This volume details methods and protocols necessary to further the study of insect immunity. Chapters guide readers through up-to-date genomic and transcriptomic approaches, insect samples for proteomic analysis, hemocytes in Drosophila, cellular response in Lepidoptera, insect AMPs, manipulate the composition of mosquito microbiota, viral infections in insects, infections by entomopathogenic nematodes, immune response following oral infections, and protocols to to monitor the effect of septic infections with human pathogens using B. mori as a model. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Immunity in Insects aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

Immunological Techniques in Insect Biology

Immunological Techniques in Insect Biology
Author: Lawrence Gilbert,Joanne Ballarino,Ad M.T. Beenakkers,Walter G. Goodman,Noelle A. Granger
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 304
Release: 1988-06-08
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunological Techniques in Insect Biology Book Excerpt:

Insects as a group occupy a middle ground in the biosphere between bacteria and viruses at one extreme, amphibians and mammals at the other. The size and general nature of insects present special problems to the study of ento mology. For example, many commercially available instruments are geared to measure in grams, while the forces commonly encountered in studying insects are in the milligram range. Therefore, techniques developed in the study of insects or in those fields concerned with the control of insect pests are often unique. Methods for measuring things are common to all sciences. Advances some times depend more on how something was done than on what was measured; indeed a given field often progresses from one technique to another as new methods are discovered, developed, and modified. Just as often, some of these techniques find their way into the classroom when the problems involved have been sufficiently ironed out to permit students to master the manipulations in a few laboratory periods. Many specialized techniques are confined to one specific research labora tory. Although methods may be considered commonplace where they are used, in another context even the simplest procedures may save considerable time. It is the purpose of this series (1) to report new developments in method ology, (2) to reveal sources of groups who have dealt with and solved particular entomological problems, and (3) to describe experiments which may be appli cable for use in biology laboratory courses.

Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Responses in Insects

Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Responses in Insects
Author: P.T. Brey,D.E. Hultmark
Publsiher: The Rosen Publishing Group
Total Pages: 4
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9780412712807
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Responses in Insects Book Excerpt:

Insects are the most numerous and diverse group of animals on earth, not only in number of individuals, but also in number of species. They inhabit virtually all terrestrial and freshwater environments, where they must protect themselves from an array of commensal, pathogenic and parasitic organisms that share the same ecological niches. Since the early 20th century, scientists have been intrigued by how insects defend themselves against microbial attack. We are currently witnessing a break-through in our understanding of the mechanisms governing immune reactions in insects. Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Responses in Insects covers various aspects of these mechanisms starting with a historical chapter on the origins of insect immunity. There are also chapters that cover antibacterial peptides from insects and their mode of action, relationships between insect defense proteins and development and immune mechanisms in vectors of transmissible disease. Other key areas covered include antibacterial peptides of the insect reproductive tract, regulation of insect immune genes and immune protein cascades, as well as a chapter on the cellular tools that revolutionized the study of molecular mechanisms of the insect immunity. Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Responses in Insects is written for a broad audience ranging from specialists in the field of innate immunity to informed biologists and graduate students fascinated by the simplistic efficiency of a `primitive' immune system. Fully up-to-date, this volume presents the reader with the most significant work from the major laboratories throughout the world. The contributors to the book reflect, both in concept and style, the international dimension of this area of science.

Insect Immunity

Insect Immunity
Author: J.P.N. Pathak
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2014-04-21
ISBN: 9789401047050
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Insect Immunity Book Excerpt:

Immunity in insects is different from immunity in vertebrates. Insects lack immunoglobulins even though they are capable of reacting against foreign components with effective defense mechanism. There has been a marked advancement in most of the fields of science in the past two decades. Insect immunity is also one of them. It is a developing subject which is now established as a new branch in insect study. This treatise is an attempt to compile meaningful articles of leading workers in this field, nevertheless we do not claim that leadership in insect immunity is by any means restricted to them. The idea is to provide a vibrant description of various aspects of "Insect Immunity". With the rapid development of the subject, it is difficult for any one author to discuss all the aspects of an area in a limited number of pages, even then they have done their utmost to include the entire development of the subject in their articles. The treatise deals with insect haemocytes, their population, isolation and role in defense mechanism, humoral encapsulation, inducible humoral antibacterial immunity, cellular immune reactions, role of endocrines, role of prophenol oxidase system in cellular communication, haemagglutinins and impact of parasite on insect immune system. Some topics could not be covered because experts in those area though willing could not complete their commitment within time limits.

The Activation of the Insect Immune System by Endogenous Danger Signals with Emphasis on Drosophila Melanogaster

The Activation of the Insect Immune System by Endogenous Danger Signals with Emphasis on Drosophila Melanogaster
Author: Thomas Hauling
Publsiher: kassel university press GmbH
Total Pages: 151
Release: 2012
ISBN: 3862192318
Category: Drosophila melanogaster
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Activation of the Insect Immune System by Endogenous Danger Signals with Emphasis on Drosophila Melanogaster Book Excerpt:

Integument Respiration and Circulation

Integument  Respiration and Circulation
Author: G. A. Kerkut
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 644
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN: 1483286193
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integument Respiration and Circulation Book Excerpt:

This volume is primarily devoted to the analysis of the integument (epidermis, cuticle), the fat body, the connective tissues, the circulatory and respiratory systems. It discusses the organization and functioning of the insect systems implicated in growth, intermediary metabolism, homeostasis and defence mechanisms. Much of the volume is devoted to anatomical and structural developments, which appear as introductions to corresponding biochemical and physiological aspects. Many diagrams, drawings and photographs accompany the text throughout. Altogether, this volume presents a clear and up-to-date account of the most recent and important discoveries in the fields and shows the extent of progress which is expected in the near future.