Interaction Between Judaism And Christianity In History Religion Art And Literature

Author by : Marcel Poorthuis
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This volume contains essays dealing with complex relationships between Judaism and Christianity, taking a bold step, assuming that no historical period can be excluded from the interactive process between Judaism and Christianity, conscious or unconscious, as either rejection or appropriation


Jewish Jesus Research And Its Challenge To Christology Today

Author by : Walter Homolka
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Total Read : 72
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Description : The Quests for the Historical Jesus resulted in a move “back to the Jewish roots!” Jewish Jesus research positioned Jewry within a dominantly Christian culture and permitted Jews to feel more at ease with Jesus the Jew. Christians are challenged to respond now with a new Christology.


The Jewish Jesus

Author by : Peter Schäfer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
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Description : "Watching Peter Schafer explicate Jewish and Christian texts is like watching a great restorer work on a fresco damaged by time, wind, and water. Blurred outlines come into focus, dull colors become brilliant, and suddenly a forgotten story of exchange between the two religions comes back to dramatic life. This is great scholarship, applied to a subject so complex and difficult that nothing less could do it justice."--Anthony T. Grafton, Princeton University ""The Jewish Jesus" is the natural sequel to Peter Schafer's widely acclaimed "Jesus in the Talmud." Against overly simplistic conceptions of Christian influences on Judaism, Schafer posits a dynamic dialogue between two not yet clearly demarcated communities. Christianity grew out of Judaism, but Judaism also developed and changed in constant exchange with and differentiation from Christianity. Schafer's fascinating and highly readable book offers an important change of perspective from traditional religious histories and deserves many readers."--Gunter Stemberger, author of "Jews and Christians in the Holy Land: Palestine in the Fourth Century" "Schafer's thought-provoking book challenges readers to reimagine the relationship of early Judaism and Christianity and the theological matrices in which they developed. Must reading for students and scholars alike."--Burton L. Visotzky, Jewish Theological Seminary "This excellent and important book will be seized on eagerly and read with attention. Peter Schafer makes his argument with great clarity and a formidable command of the sources, building his case from close readings of the texts. The scholarship is impeccable."--Philip Alexander, professor emeritus, University of Manchester "


Historical Dictionary Of Judaism

Author by : Norman Solomon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
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Description : This third edition of Historical Dictionary of Judaism covers the history of the Jewish religion through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 800 cross-referenced entries on important personalities in Jewish religious history.


Early Judaism

Author by : Frederick E. Greenspahn
Languange : en
Publisher by : NYU Press
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Description : An exploration of the emergence of Rabbinic Judaism drawing on primary sources and new methods Over the past generation, several major findings and methodological innovations have led scholars to reevaluate the foundation of Judaism. The Dead Sea Scrolls were the most famous, but other materials have further altered our understanding of Judaism’s development after the Biblical era. This volume explores some of the latest clues into how early Judaism took shape, from the invention of rabbis to the parting of Judaism and Christianity, to whether ancient Jews considered themselves a nation. Rather than having simply evolved, “normative” Judaism is now understood to be the result of one approach having achieved prominence over many others, competing for acceptance in the wake of the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in the year 70 CE. This new understanding has implications for how we think about Judaism today, as the collapse of rabbinic authority is leading to the return of the kind of diversity that prevailed during late antiquity. This volume puts familiar aspects of Judaism in a new light, exposing readers to the most current understanding of the origins of normative Judaism. This book is a must for anyone interested in the study of Judaism and its formation. It is the most current review of the scholarship surrounding this rich history and what is next for the field at large.


Mystical Resistance

Author by : Ellen D. Haskell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : "Mystical Resistance reveals the Kabbalistic masterpiece Sefer ha-Zohar as a rich source for understanding Jewish resistance to Christian authority. Composed against a backdrop of rising religious intolerance, the Zohar's subversive mystical narratives critique the changing relationship between Western Europe's Christian majority and its Jewish minority"--


The Oxford Handbook Of Ritual And Worship In The Hebrew Bible

Author by : Samuel E. Balentine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
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Total Read : 95
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Description : "The conceit in the title of this volume is that ritual, however expansively it may be defined, is ineluctably tethered to religion and worship. It has a primal connection to the idea that a transcendent order - numinous and mysterious, supranatural and elusive, divine and wholly other - gives meaning and purpose to life. The construction of rites and rituals enables humans to conceive and apprehend this transcendent order, to symbolize it and interact with it, to postulate its truths in the face of contradicting realities and to repair them when they have been breached or diminished. The focus of this Handbook is on ritual and worship from the perspective of biblical studies, particularly on the Hebrew Bible and its ancient Near Eastern antecedents. Within this context, attention will be given to the development of ideas in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim thinking, but only insofar as they connect with or extend the trajectory of biblical precedents. The volume reflects a wide range of analytical approaches to ancient texts, inscriptions, iconography, and ritual artifacts. It examines the social history and cultural knowledge encoded in rituals, and explores the way rituals shape and are shaped by politics, economics, ethical imperatives, and religion itself. Toward this end, the volume is organized into six major sections: Historical Contexts, Interpretive Approaches, Ritual Elements (participants, places, times, objects, practices), Underlying Cultural and Theological Perspectives, History of Interpretation, Social-Cultural Functions, and Theology and Theological Heritage"--


Exodus

Author by : Annette Hoffmann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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Total Read : 11
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Description : The scientific debates on border crossings and cultural exchange between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have much increased over the last decades. Within this context, however, little attention has been given to the biblical Exodus, which not only plays a pivotal role in the Abrahamic religions, but also is a master narrative of a border crossing in itself. Sea and desert are spaces of liminality and transit in more than just a geographical sense. Their passage includes a transition to freedom and initiation into a new divine community, an encounter with God and an entry into the Age of law. The volume gathers twelve articles written by leading specialists in Jewish and Islamic Studies, Theology and Literature, Art and Film history, dedicated to the transitional aspects within the Exodus narrative. Bringing these studies together, the volume takes a double approach, one that is both comparative and intercultural. How do Jewish, Christian and Islamic texts and images read and retell the various border crossings in the Exodus story, and on what levels do they interrelate? By raising these questions the volume aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of contact points between the various traditions.


Another Modernity

Author by : Clémence Boulouque
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
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Total Read : 82
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Description : Another Modernity is a rich study of the life and thought of Elia Benamozegh, a nineteenth-century rabbi and philosopher whose work profoundly influenced Christian-Jewish dialogue in twentieth-century Europe. Benamozegh, a Livornese rabbi of Moroccan descent, was a prolific writer and transnational thinker who corresponded widely with religious and intellectual figures in France, the Maghreb, and the Middle East. This idiosyncratic figure, who argued for the universalism of Judaism and for interreligious engagement, came to influence a spectrum of religious thinkers so varied that it includes proponents of the ecumenical Second Vatican Council, American evangelists, and right-wing Zionists in Israel. What Benamozegh proposed was unprecedented: that the Jewish tradition presented a solution to the religious crisis of modernity. According to Benamozegh, the defining features of Judaism were universalism, a capacity to foster interreligious engagement, and the political power and mythical allure of its theosophical tradition, Kabbalah—all of which made the Jewish tradition uniquely equipped to assuage the post-Enlightenment tensions between religion and reason. In this book, Clémence Boulouque presents a wide-ranging and nuanced investigation of Benamozegh's published and unpublished work and his continuing legacy, considering his impact on Christian-Jewish dialogue as well as on far-right Christians and right-wing religious Zionists.


America The Beautiful

Author by : Plammoottil Cherian
Languange : en
Publisher by : Covenant Books, Inc.
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Total Read : 30
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Description : America is a nation among the nations, strictly founded on faith. The role of Christianity in developing a civilization and culture deeply rooted and intricately intertwined with the Christian faith and doctrines is unquestionable. The Bible is for the government of the people, by the people, and for the people. (John Wycliffe) America was not born on one day. At the appointed time God conceived her and delivered her with much labor pain to the Founding Fathers, but with a repentant people, we shall be born anew, instantly. America's heritage and history are not for sale nor to be rewritten by generations who do not know the history nor interested in preserving history. We are exclusive in heritage, culture, and civilization rooted and built in Christ, but we are inclusive of all, the rich and the poor, the weak and strong, and multiethnic heritage of the land. Poor in the nation are the responsibility of the rich and the State. In America, the Beautiful: Our Vanishing Heritage, Dr. Cherian concludes, "America is the lit candle set in the West, a lighthouse for the world when deep darkness covers, and fear grips us." Let not vanishing faith and dishonesty destroy America.


The Exegetical Encounter Between Jews And Christians In Late Antiquity

Author by : Emmanouela Grypeou
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Total Read : 82
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Description : This collection of essays examines exegetical encounters between Christians and Jews on the book of Genesis. Eminent scholars present outstanding studies on the subject of ‘Exegetical Encounter’ to illuminate the history of relations between Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity.


New Media Politics And Society In Israel

Author by : Gideon Doron
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book addresses the social and political landscape of Internet usage in Israel, and studies the formation of a networked information society in the "hi-tech nation". As Israel is considered a highly technologically developed country, it could serve as a model to assess and compare the performance and prospects of the Internet in other countries as well. Chapters address a range of issues, including the diffusion of the Internet to Israel, religion and the Internet in the Israeli Jewish context, Internet-based planned encounters between Israeli-Jews and Palestinians and between Jews and Arabs in Israel, online journalism and user-generated content, Israeli public relations online, Internet usage by Israeli parliamentarians, parties and candidates, as well as audiences, and the facilitation of personalized politics through personal sites of politicians. This book was originally published as a special issue of Israel Affairs.


Aesthetic Theology And Its Enemies

Author by : David Nirenberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brandeis University Press
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Total Read : 35
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Description : Through most of Western European history, Jews have been a numerically tiny or entirely absent minority, but across that history Europeans have nonetheless worried a great deal about Judaism. Why should that be so? This short but powerfully argued book suggests that Christian anxieties about their own transcendent ideals made Judaism an important tool for Christianity, as an apocalyptic religionÑcharacterized by prizing soul over flesh, the spiritual over the literal, the heavenly over the physical worldÑcame to terms with the inescapable importance of body, language, and material things in this world. Nirenberg shows how turning the Jew into a personification of worldly over spiritual concerns, surface over inner meaning, allowed cultures inclined toward transcendence to understand even their most materialistic practices as spiritual. Focusing on art, poetry, and politicsÑthree activities especially condemned as worldly in early Christian cultureÑhe reveals how, over the past two thousand years, these activities nevertheless expanded the potential for their own existence within Christian culture because they were used to represent Judaism. Nirenberg draws on an astonishingly diverse collection of poets, painters, preachers, philosophers, and politicians to reconstruct the roles played by representations of Jewish ÒenemiesÓ in the creation of Western art, culture, and politics, from the ancient world to the present day. This erudite and tightly argued survey of the ways in which Christian cultures have created themselves by thinking about Judaism will appeal to the broadest range of scholars of religion, art, literature, political theory, media theory, and the history of Western civilization more generally.


Jewish Culture And Society Under The Christian Roman Empire

Author by : Richard Lee Kalmin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Publishers
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Total Read : 55
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Description : This book investigates the complexity, diversity, uniqueness and enduring significance of Jewish life in the Christian Roman Empire, from 312 to 634 C.E. During this period there occurred an unprecedented Jewish cultural explosion, encompassing the compilation and/or composition of such texts as the Palestinian Talmud, the main aggadic midrashim, an extensive magical/mystical literature, the revived apocalypse, a vast corpus of piyyutim and the beginnings of a practically oriented halakhic literature. Furthermore, this was the era of the florition of Jewish art, for it was only in the fourth century that a specifically Jewish iconographic language came into common use in synagogues and catacombs, the archaeological remains of almost all of which date from this period. This volume moves toward a synthesizing and contextualizing view of the Jewish cultural production of late antiquity, examining the interaction of Jews, Christians and pagans and with the emergence of new religious forms generated by such interaction.


Ritual Dynamics In Jewish And Christian Contexts

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
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Description : In the past decades, the dynamics of rituals has been a productive topic of research. This volume investigates questions surrounding the ritual dynamics in (holy) Jewish and Christian texts, and cases where rituals of different religious communities interacted.


At The Intersection Of Texts And Material Finds

Author by : Stuart S. Miller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
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Total Read : 91
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Description : A fresh approach to the study of ritual purity rites in Graeco-Roman Palestine.


Grafting Onto T He Jew

Author by : Joan Blackwell Wedes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 23
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Description : The dissertation examines how Jewish figures in early modern plays, prose, and poetry moved beyond the uncomplicated medieval image of murderous villain and towards a more reasoned consideration of the Jew's position in Christianity as well as in English life. While there has been significant scholarship on early modern representations of Jews, particularly in drama, these studies have not examined how Paul's Letter to the Romans, in forming much of Reformation doctrine, was also crucial in forming attitudes towards and representations of literary and living Jews. My project uniquely combines history, biblical studies, and literary analysis to reveal how early modern treatment of Jews and Judaism were inextricably tied to Reformation theology which was grounded in Romans. This new perspective shifts the discourse away from the question of whether or not there was early modern anti-Semitism, and toward a more nuanced reading of the ideologies and evidence that motivated these representations and behaviors. Inherently interdisciplinary, my dissertation is informed by the ways in which the humanities (history, religious studies, language, literature and the arts) converge to become the driving force behind human interactions.


Fallen Animals

Author by : Zohar Hadromi-Allouche
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
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Total Read : 62
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Description : The book examines the interpretations, functions and interactions of the Fall—physical, moral, artistic, and otherwise—as represented through animals, or through human–animal interactions, in various religious contexts, art, and literature.


The Talmud A Biography

Author by : Harry Freedman
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : The story of the Talmud is the story of the Jewish people--a thrilling insight into Jewish culture and a devastating account of the history of anti-Semitism.


Religion And Power

Author by : Douglas R. Edwards
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Total Read : 40
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Description : This book contributes to the small but growing literature on the interaction between religion and power in antiquity. Edwards focusses on the eastern "Greek" provinces in the first and second centuries A.D.--the period during which Christianity, Judaism, and numerous other religions and cults exploded across the Roman Empire. His purpose is to show how the local elite classes appropriated and manipulated mythic and religious images and practices to establish and consolidate their social, political, and economic power. Edwards considers both archaeological and literary evidence. He examines coins, epigraphs, statuary, building complexes, mosaics, and paintings from across Asia Minor and Syria-Palestine looking for evidence of sponsorship by local elites and the meaning of such sponsorship. On the literary side, Edwards selects one representative figure from each of the three major religio-cultural traditions: the Greek writer, Chariton of Aphrodisias; the Jewish historian, Josephus; and the Christian evangelist, the author of Luke Acts. He illustrates how each writer's use of religion reflects the interaction of local elite groups with the "web of power" that existed in political, cultural, and social spheres of the Roman Empire.


Jews And Muslims In The Islamic World

Author by : Bernard Dov Cooperman
Languange : en
Publisher by : CDL Press
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Total Read : 25
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Description : Essays on the symbiotic relation ship between Jews and Muslims, including their history, social life, architecture, religion, music, and literature.


On The Outlook

Author by : Thomas Crombez
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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Description : This volume explores the traditional and contemporary modes and stakes of messianic thinking in its close interaction with both previous and actual political contexts and theoretical discourses. In the past decades, philosophers and political thinkers repeatedly drew upon the millennial tradition of messianic thinking in their efforts to come to terms with the injustices of the present. Their conceptions of messianism build upon and revise, modify or radicalize politico-theological theories developed in the period between the two world wars by thinkers who, in the face of doom and destruction, reverted to ancient Judeo-Christian visions of redemption. The essays address the ways in which today’s messianic thinking relates to its historical Jewish and Christian origins, and how it deals with the legacy of its early twentieth century precursors, such as Walter Benjamin, Franz Rosenzweig, Ernst Bloch, Gerschom Scholem, and Theodor W. Adorno. Historically, attitudes toward messianism interact with the political and historical conditions as well as with the prevailing theoretical and philosophical discourses of their times. Cross-fertilization between messianism, politics and philosophy also inform recent conceptualizations of history and time, language and the law in the writings of Emmanuel Lévinas, Jacques Derrida, and, most recently, Giorgio Agamben. The analysis of messianism in contemporary discourse encourages reflections on the following core questions: How does messianism figure in modern and contemporary philosophy? How does it relate to today’s state of affairs in the juridical, political, and social realm? Is it still primarily a Jewish concern, and how has it interacted with other religious and political traditions? How does the impact of Jewish messianism on modern philosophy compare with and relate to other influences of Jewish thought, such as the legalistic tradition? The contributors to this volume shed light on as divergent aspects of messianism as its socio-historical embeddedness, its discontinuous historiography, its manifestations in literature and the arts and its complex relation to human agency.


The Construction Of Time In Antiquity

Author by : Jonathan Ben-Dov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Time has always held a fascination for human beings, who have attempted to relate to it and to make sense of it, constructing and deconstructing it through its various prisms, since time cannot be experienced in an unmediated way. This book answers the needs of a growing community of scholars and readers who are interested in this interaction. It offers a series of innovative studies by both senior and younger experts on various aspects of the construction of time in antiquity. Some articles in this book contain visual material published for the first time, while other studies update the field with new theories or apply new approaches to relevant sources. Within the study of antiquity, the book covers the disciplines of Classics and Ancient History, Assyriology, Egyptology, Ancient Judaism, and Early Christianity, with thematic contributions on rituals, festivals, astronomy, calendars, medicine, art, and narrative.


Sanctified Aggression

Author by : Jonneke Bekkenkamp
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : Sanctified Aggression allies itself neither with the easy assumption that religions are by definition violent (and that only the secular/humanist/humane can offer a place of refuge from the ravages of religious authority) nor with the equally facile opposing view that religion expresses the "best" of human aspirations and that this best is always capable of diffusing or sublating the worst. Rather, it works from the premise that biblical, Jewish and Christian vocabularies continue to resonate, inspire and misfire. Some of the essays here explore how these vocabularies and symbols have influenced, or resonate with, events such as the massacre of Jews in Jedwabne, Poland (1941), the Rwandan Massacre (1994), the tragedy at Columbine High School (1999) and the emergence of the "Phineas Priesthood" of white supremacists in North America. Other contributors examine how themes of martyrology, sacrifice and the messianic continue to circulate and mutate in literature, music, drama and film. The collective conclusion is that it is not possible to control biblical and religious violence by simply identifying canonical trouble-spots, then fencing them off with barbed wire or holding peace summits around them. Nor is it always possible to draw clear lines between problem and non-problem texts, witnesses and perpetrators, victims and aggressors or "reality" and "art".


Cyprian Of Carthage

Author by : Henk Bakker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peeters Pub & Booksellers
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Description : Up to Augustine, bishop Cyprian of Carthage was the theological authority in the West, and he has continued to influence theology ever since. Cyprian of Carthage. Studies in His Life, Language and Thought is the result of a symposium on this Church Father held by the Centre for Patristic Research (CPO), which is an initiative of VU University Amsterdam and Tilburg University. The symposium was held on the occasion of the 1750th anniversary of his martyrdom, which took place on 14 September 258. Virtually all contributions are from Dutch scholars who are members of the CPO. They cover Cyprian's biography, hermeneutical and philological questions, theological issues such as baptism and the role of the laity in episcopal elections, and the reception of the Church Father's texts in ancient and modern times.


Writing And Religion In England 1558 1689

Author by : Anthony W. Johnson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The fruit of intensive collaboration among leading international specialists on the literature, religion and culture of early modern England, this volume examines the relationship between writing and religion in England from 1558, the year of the Elizabethan Settlement, up until the Act of Toleration of 1689. Throughout these studies, religious writing is broadly taken as being 'communicational' in the etymological sense: that is, as a medium which played a significant role in the creation or consolidation of communities. Some texts shaped or reinforced one particular kind of religious identity, whereas others fostered communities which cut across the religious borderlines which prevailed in other areas of social interaction. For a number of the scholars writing here, such communal differences correlate with different ways of drawing on the resources of cultural memory. The denominational spectrum covered ranges from several varieties of Dissent, through via media Anglicanism, to Laudianism and Roman Catholicism, and there are also glances towards heresy and the mid-seventeenth century's new atheism. With respect to the range of different genres examined, the volume spans the gamut from poetry, fictional prose, drama, court masque, sermons, devotional works, theological treatises, confessions of faith, church constitutions, tracts, and letters, to history-writing and translation. Arranged in roughly chronological order, Writing and Religion in England, 1558-1689 presents chapters which explore religious writing within the wider contexts of culture, ideas, attitudes, and law, as well as studies which concentrate more on the texts and readerships of particular writers. Several contributors embrace an inter-arts orientation, relating writing to liturgical ceremony, painting, music and architecture, while others opt for a stronger sociological slant, explicitly emphasizing the role of women writers and of writers from different sub-cultural backgrounds.


Religion And The Medieval And Early Modern Global Marketplace

Author by : Scott Oldenburg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
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Description : Religion and the Medieval and Early Modern Global Marketplace brings together scholars from a variety of disciplines to examine the intersection, conflict, and confluence of religion and the market before 1700. Each chapter analyzes the unique interplay of faith and economy in a different locale: Syria, Ethiopia, France, Iceland, India, Peru, and beyond. In ten case studies, specialists of archaeology, art history, social and economic history, religious studies, and critical theory address issues of secularization, tolerance, colonialism, and race with a fresh focus. They chart the tensions between religious and economic thought in specific locales or texts, the complex ways that religion and economy interacted with one another, and the way in which matters of faith, economy, and race converge in religious images of the pre- and early modern periods. Considering the intersection of faith and economy, the volume questions the legacy of early modern economic and spiritual exceptionalism, and the ways in which prosperity still entangles itself with righteousness. The interdisciplinary nature means that this volume is the perfect resource for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and scholars working across multiple areas including history, literature, politics, art history, global studies, philosophy, and gender studies in the medieval and early modern periods.


Palestinian Territories In Perspective Orientation Guide And Palestinian Cultural Orientation Geography History Intifada Jewish Settlers Gaza City Khan Yunis Jabaliya Hebron Rafah Ramallah

Author by : U. S. Military
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
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Description : This is a reproduction of unique, up-to-date guides produced by the Department of Defense that provide comprehensive information about all aspects of life in the Palestinian Territories, with a special emphasis on geography, history, the economy, society, security and military matters, religion, traditions, urban and rural life, ethnic groups, crime, the environment, government, holidays, gender issues and much more.CHAPTER 1: PROFILE * Geography * History * From Ancient Times to the 1800s * British Occupation, UN Partition, and the State of Israel * Expansion of Israel * Palestinian Militancy * The Lebanese Civil War * Intifada and Oslo * Palestinian Political Fragmentation * Movement Toward a Two-State Solution * Government * Executive * Legislative * Judicial * Media * Economy * Trade * Palestine Monetary Authority * Ethno-Religious Groups and Languages * Palestinian Muslims * Palestinian Christians * Jewish Settlers * CHAPTER 2: RELIGION * Overview of Major Religions * Islam * Christianity * Judaism * Religion in Government and Daily Life * Religious Conventions and Gender Roles * Religious Holidays and Events * Ramadan * Eid al-Fitr * Eid al-Adha * Christmas * Buildings of Worship * Mosques * Churches * Synagogues * CHAPTER 3: TRADITIONS * Clans in the Post-Oslo Era * Politeness, Hospitality, and Gift Giving * Male/Female Interaction * Eating Habits and Types of Food * Dress Codes * Non-Religious Holidays * Yawm al-Nakba (Day of Catastrophe) * Independence Day * Dos and Don'ts * CHAPTER 4: URBAN LIFE * Urbanization Problems * Work Problems in Urban Areas * Healthcare * Education and Urban Schools * Restaurants * Market Place and Street Vendors * Urban Traffic & Transportation * Street Crime, Terrorism, and Civil Unrest * CHAPTER 5: RURAL LIFE * Introduction * Palestinian Clan and Bedouin Tribal Distributions * Land Distribution * Rural Economy * Rural Transportation * Rural Healthcare and Education * Border Crossings and Checkpoints * Landmines * CHAPTER 6: FAMILY LIFE * Male and Female Interactions Within the Family * Status of Elders, Adolescents, and Children * Family Social Events * Birth of a Child * Engagement * Wedding * Funerary Rituals * Married Life and Divorce * CHAPTER 1: GEOGRAPHY * Geographic Divisions * Mediterranean Coastal Plain * Judaean Hills and Samarian Highlands * Jordan River Valley * Rivers/Bodies of Water * Mediterranean Sea * Dead Sea * Jordan River * Aquifers * Gaza City * Khan Yunis * Jabaliya * Hebron * Rafah * Nablus * Ramallah * Bethlehem * Refugee Camps * Environmental Concerns and Natural Hazards * CHAPTER 2: HISTORY * Ancient * Introduction of Islam * Crusades * Early Modern Period * Modern Period * 20th Century * British Occupation * Great Arab Revolt * World War II * The Arab-Israeli War * Expansion of Israel * The Six-Day War and Its Aftermath * Yom Kippur War and Its Aftermath * Lebanese Civil War * Sabra and Shatila Massacres and Israeli Withdrawal * Intifada and Oslo * Recent Events * After Arafat * Palestinian Infighting * Movement Toward a Two-State Solution * CHAPTER 3: ECONOMY * Agriculture * Industry * Services * Energy and Natural Resources * Trade, Banking, and Finance * Palestine Monetary Authority * Standard of Living and Unemployment * Outlook * CHAPTER 4: SOCIETY * Religion, Ethno-religious Groups, and Languages * Islam and Palestinian Muslims * Christianity and Palestinian Christians * Judaism and Jewish Settlers * Cuisine * Traditional Dress * Gender Issues * Arts * Literature * Music and Dance * Instruments * Sports and Recreation * CHAPTER 5: SECURITY * United States-Palestinian Relations * Relations with Neighboring Countries * Israel * Egypt * Jordan * Lebanon * Syria * Turkey * Police Force * Gaza Strip * Terrorist, Militants, and Other Radical Groups * Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades * Partisans League (Asbat al-Ansar) * Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) * Hamas (Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya)


Religion In India

Author by : Fred W. Clothey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : Religion in India is an ideal first introduction to India's fascinating and varied religious history. Fred Clothey surveys the religions of India from prehistory and Indo-European migration through to the modern period. Exploring the interactions between different religious movements over time, and engaging with some of the liveliest debates in religious studies, he examines the rituals, mythologies, arts, ethics and social and cultural contexts of religion as lived in the past and present on the subcontinent. Key topics discussed include: Hinduism, its origins and development over time minority religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, Jainism and Buddhism the influences of colonialism on Indian religion the spread of Indian religions in the rest of the world the practice of religion in everyday life, including case studies of pilgrimages, festivals, temples and rituals, and the role of women Written by an experienced teacher, this student-friendly textbook is full of clear, lively discussion and vivid examples. Complete with maps and illustrations, and useful pedagogical features, including timelines, a comprehensive glossary, and recommended further reading specific to each chapter, this is an invaluable resource for students beginning their studies of Indian religions.


Jews In Medieval England

Author by : Miriamne Ara Krummel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 353
File Size : 40,9 Mb
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Description : This volume examines the teaching of Jewishness within the context of medieval England. It covers a wide array of academic disciplines and addresses a multitude of primary sources, including medieval English manuscripts, law codes, philosophy, art, and literature, in explicating how the Jew-as-Other was formed. Chapters are devoted to the teaching of the complexities of medieval Jewish experiences in the modern classroom. Jews in Medieval England: Teaching Representations of the Other also grounds medieval conceptions of the Other within the contemporary world where we continue to confront the problematic attitudes directed toward alleged social outcasts.