Description : Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 5: International Organizations in General, Universal International Organizations, and Cooperation focuses on international governmental organizations and international cooperation of a universal nature. The publication first elaborates on bank for international settlements, Bretton Woods Conference (1944), Customs Cooperation Council, Dumbarton Oaks Conference (1944), financial institutions, and food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. The text then examines industrial property and international protection, Intergovernmental Committee for Migration, international administrative unions, and the International Air Transport Association. Discussions focus on traffic conferences, international protection of intellectual property, historical evolution of legal rules, special legal problem, and evaluation. The manuscript takes a look at the World Intellectual Property Organization, World Health Organization, World Food Council, voting rules in international conferences and organizations, and the Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in their Relations with International Organizations of a Universal Character. Topics include methods of voting, membership, decision-making, foundation and legal basis, functioning, and financing. The text is a valuable source of information for researchers interested in international governmental organizations and international cooperation.
Description : Cooperation through international organizations is fundamental to the international legal order. International organizations are nowadays ubiquitous and come in many different manifestations, each allowing for different levels of international cooperation. The profile of regional and universal organizations may vary greatly from one organization to another. At the same time, they do not live apart and this has led to the creation of a complex network of relationships. These relationships have seldom been the object of scholarship, and this book seeks to address that gap. In general, the relationships between international organizations can give rise to such issues as the conditions placed upon one organization by another, demarcations of competence, membership of other organizations, and various forms of collaboration involving the conclusion of agreements between organizations. Optimal coexistence, cooperation and coherence all play a role in optimizing the relations between international organizations. The volume concludes by analysing current challenges, including those of legal identity, responsibility and accountability, as well as making proposals for reform, such as through the development of a common law between organizations.
Description : This book explores the roles of national actors within international organizations, with particular emphasis on the collaborative approach adopted by Nordic governments and associations. Analyzing Nordic regional cooperation within international organizations, this volume seeks to shed light on the politics of alignment and distinct macro-regional identity-building in international arenas. Exploring the middle ground between the national and the international, contributors discuss how Nordic governments and associations have successfully created and used the image of a distinct group within the international system and where they have failed. Presenting a richer picture of international and transnational relations, the volume’s features include: a key focus on the ‘Nordic model’ with its schism in regard to the EU studies on cooperation between governments and within civil society, including trade unions and anti-EU movements contributions from Nordic and international experts highly respected in their fields Seeking to move beyond neo-realist and cosmopolitan approaches in international studies, Regional Cooperation and International Organizations will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, regionalism, Nordic studies, and Transnationalism.
Description : This text includes material on intergovernmental, regional and private organizations but also deals with significant international developments affecting international organizations between 1989 and 1994.