Description : The objective of this project was to examine the process and design implications associated with the integration of membranes into existing water treatment plants and process schemes. Membrane technologies covered include microfiltration ( MF ), ultrafiltration ( UF ), nanofiltration ( NF ), and reverse osmosis ( RO ).
Description : Running into Water is not just another woman's book; it's an articulate and compelling call to women and mothers from every dialect of life for renewed purpose and hope. We all desperately need water to sustain our physical lives, just as we need God to sustain our spiritual lives. The idea of women immersed in God transformed through the practice of motherhood, is as much as for who women will be as it is for who the next generation will become. This endeavor demands that mothers not only be heartfelt women, but intellectual ones, engaging the world around them. Women in pursuit of God live lives that are anything but commonplace; their mothering becomes anything but ordinary. To be a woman, mother, and learner of Christ, applying his freedom and teaching to life is much more than good morality or a safe, dull existence; it is a profound resurrection to life as its meant to be. Angela Blycker invites you to join her on this personal, global, thoughtful, and applicable journey in Running into Water as she explores and interweaves the beliefs and questions about pursuing God, gives evidence of practical implications of this in the lives of women internationally through the bold application of spiritual truths, and presents insightful vision for intentional motherhood. Despite the continued struggles of women and children, Running into Water shows that their pursuit of God is as powerful as a mighty rushing river, winding in every direction, breaking up dry ground in different ways and in various times, but always with the intent to deliver life now and in the coming generations.
Description : The first case study is the Lower Olifants WUA in the Western Cape, which was the first WUA in South Africa. Its principal functions are to operate and maintain a canal that enables irrigation throughout the year in an arid region. Around 9,200 hectares are irrigated, mainly for vineyards. The second case study relates to the Great Letaba WUA in the Limpopo Province. This WUA manages the allocation of water downstream of two large dams, near the town of Tzaneen. An area of 12,500 hectares is irrigated in the river valley, mainly for fruit tree farming. The third case study assesses the Vaalharts WUA, which is situated in both Northern Cape and North West provinces. This WUA is one of the largest irrigation schemes in South Africa (37,100 hectares overall). It manages mainly a canal that takes water from the Vaal River to irrigate commercial farms and, downstream, the Taung Irrigation Scheme in the former Bophuthatswana homeland.
Description : Presents summaries of drinking water and wastewater technologies suited to small communities. Presents technical and cost information on those technologies most widely used. The wastewater treatment technology overviews covers: collection systems, treatment technologies, and sludge treatment and disposal methods. Case studies of six small communities address their unique drinking water and wastewater problems. Resource Directory section lists state and regional organizations that can provide technical and financial resources to small communities. Diagrams and tables.
Description : With passionate attention to detail, he not only wrote letters to his friends but also chronicled his travels in a diary. Lieber's previously unpublished account of these months, including passages translated from their original German, offers a fast-paced and exciting picture of the European culture and political milieu of the 1840s. The diary provides insights into the remarkable person who kept it."--BOOK JACKET.
Description : This completely updated version of the 1995 edition within the Water Supply Operations Training Series (WSO), provides practical information about methods of water quality analysis and drinking water regulations This introductory text presents the basics of proper sample collection, analysis, and interpretation and includes a list of necessary laboratory equipment and instruments.
Description : This completely updated version discusses such topics as raw water quality, treatment options, treatment chemicals, and drinking water regulations. It includes detailed illustrations, photographs, supplemental reading lists, a glossary, and an index.
Description : Water is a simple but necessary part of life. Yet much of the world's population lacks adequate clean water, either because of physical scarcity or because they are denied equitable access to water resources. Such conditions inevitably breed conflict. Water-related violence is common in many parts of the world and is generally expected to increase in the years ahead.This document is intended to assist water development practitioners, civil society peacebuilders and human rights advocates seeking to integrate water and peacebuilding in their work. The purpose is twofold: to furnish a conceptual framework for understanding problems of scarcity and equity, and to provide practical guidance and tools for action.The text distills an extensive literature on water, conflict, and cooperation produced in recent years by researchers and development practitioners. Case studies and reflections are included to keep theory grounded in reality.
Description : The first case study deals with the Umlaas IB in KwaZulu-Natal. This Board manages water use in the upper part of the Mlazi River catchment. Around 4,000 ha are irrigated, mainly to produce maize and sugar cane. Times of water scarcity are rare. Slopes in the upper parts of the catchment are steep and the IB along with the upstream rural communities and commercial forestry companies, have undertaken several initiatives to address erosion problems in the area, with the cooperation of these companies. The second case study relates to the Komati and Lomati IBs in Mpumalanga. The irrigated area of around 21,000 ha is mainly dedicated to sugarcane farming. It hosts the largest area of small-scale irrigation farming in South Africa, but periods of water scarcity are frequent. While the IBs have not transformed into WUAs yet, they have already incorporated the emerging farmers in their area of jurisdiction, as well as in the management of water. The third case study assesses the Hereford IB in Mpumalanga. The Board manages an earthen canal, mainly for citrus and wheat farming, on a total area of 3,400 ha. Small-scale farmers have settled on an abandoned commercial farm, and the current upgrading of the emerging farmers’ scheme and the setting-up of water meters open the way for the meaningful integration of the emerging farmers in the forthcoming WUA.