Introduction to Antiphilosophy

Introduction to Antiphilosophy
Author: Boris Groys
Publsiher: Verso Books
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2012-03-15
ISBN: 1844677567
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Antiphilosophy Book Excerpt:

Philosophy is traditionally understood as the search for universal truths, and philosophers are supposed to transmit those truths beyond the limits of their own culture. But, today, we have become sceptical about the ability of an individual philosopher to engage in ‘universal thinking’, so philosophy seems to capitulate in the face of cultural relativism. In Introduction to Antiphilosophy, Boris Groys argues that modern ‘antiphilosophy’ does not pursue the universality of thought as its goal but proposes in its place the universality of life, material forces, social practices, passions, and experiences – angst, vitality, ecstasy, the gift, revolution, laughter or ‘profane illumination’ – and he analyses this shift from thought to life and action in the work of thinkers from Kierkegaard to Derrida, from Nietzsche to Benjamin. Ranging across the history of modern thought, Introduction to Antiphilosophy endeavours to liberate philosophy from the stereotypes that hinder its development.

Psychoanalysis is an Antiphilosophy

Psychoanalysis is an Antiphilosophy
Author: Justin Clemens
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2013-05-31
ISBN: 0748678964
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychoanalysis is an Antiphilosophy Book Excerpt:

Justin Clemens examines psychoanalysis under the rubric of 'antiphilosophy': a practice that offers the strongest possible challenges to thought. Drawing on the work of Badiou, Freud, Lacan, Zizek and Agamben, he examines the relationships of humans to dr

The Shock of the Same

The Shock of the Same
Author: Tom Grimwood
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2021-06
ISBN: 1786614014
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Shock of the Same Book Excerpt:

This book is the first examination of the cliché as a philosophical concept. Challenging the idea that clichés are lazy or spurious opposites to genuine thinking, it instead locates them as a dynamic and contestable boundary between ‘thought’ and ‘non-thought’.

Istanbul 1940 and Global Modernity

Istanbul 1940 and Global Modernity
Author: E. Khayyat
Publsiher: Lexington Books
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2018-12-11
ISBN: 1498585841
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Istanbul 1940 and Global Modernity Book Excerpt:

This book revisits Erich Auerbach’s Istanbul writings as pioneering works of contemporary literary history and cultural criticism. It interprets these writings, which center around Western literary cultures, against the background of Auerbach’s Turkish colleagues’ works that trace Middle Eastern and South Asian cultural histories.

Remaking the Modern World 1900 2015

Remaking the Modern World 1900   2015
Author: C. A. Bayly
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2018-10-22
ISBN: 1405187158
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remaking the Modern World 1900 2015 Book Excerpt:

The sequel and companion volume to C.A. Baylys ground-breaking The Birth of the Modern World, 1780-1914, this wide-ranging and sophisticated study explores global history since the First World War, offering a coherent, comparative overview of developments in politics, economics, and society at large. Written by one of the leading historians of his generation, an early intellectual leader in the study of World History Weaves a clear narrative history that explores the themes of politics, economics, social, cultural, and intellectual life throughout the long twentieth century Identifies the themes of state, capital, and communication as key drivers of change on a global scale in the last century, and explores the impact of those ideas Interrogates whether warfare was really the pre-eminent driving force of twentieth-century history, and what other ideas shaped the course of history in this period Explores the causes behind the resurgence of local conflict, rather than global-scale conflict, in the years since the turn of the millennium Delves into the narrative of inequality, a story that has shaped and been shaped by the events of the last hundred years

Philosophy in Reality

Philosophy in Reality
Author: Joseph E. Brenner,Abir U. Igamberdiev
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 531
Release: 2020-11-30
ISBN: 3030627578
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in Reality Book Excerpt:

Philosophy in Reality offers a new vision of the relation between science and philosophy in the framework of a non-propositional logic of real processes, grounded in the physics of the real world. This logical system is based on the work of the Franco-Romanian thinker Stéphane Lupasco (1900-1988), previously presented by Joseph Brenner in the book Logic in Reality (Springer, 2008). The present book was inspired in part by the ancient Chinese Book of Changes (I Ching) and its scientific-philosophical discussion of change. The emphasis in Philosophy in Reality is on the recovery of dialectics and semantics from reductionist applications and their incorporation into a new synthetic paradigm for knowledge. Through an original re-interpretation of both classical and modern Western thought, this book addresses philosophical issues in scientific fields as well as long-standing conceptual problems such as the origin, nature and role of meaning, the unity of knowledge and the origin of morality. In a rigorous transdisciplinary manner, it discusses foundational and current issues in the physical sciences - mathematics, information, communication and systems theory and their implications for philosophy. The same framework is applied to problems of the origins of society, the transformation of reality by human subjects, and the emergence of a global, sustainable information society. In summary, Philosophy in Reality provides a wealth of new perspectives and references, supporting research by both philosophers and physical and social scientists concerned with the many facets of reality.

Wittgenstein s Antiphilosophy

Wittgenstein s Antiphilosophy
Author: Alain Badiou
Publsiher: Verso Books
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2019-07-23
ISBN: 1844672247
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wittgenstein s Antiphilosophy Book Excerpt:

Alain Badiou takes on the standard bearer of the “linguistic turn” in modern philosophy, and anatomizes the “anti-philosophy” of Ludwig Wittgenstein, in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Addressing the crucial moment where Wittgenstein argues that much has to be passed over in silence—showing what cannot be said, after accepting the limits of language and meaning—Badiou argues that this mystical act reduces logic to rhetoric, truth to an effect of language games, and philosophy to a series of esoteric aphorisms. in the course of his interrogation of Wittgenstein’s anti-philosophy, Badiou sets out and refines his own definitions of the universal truths that condition philosophy. Bruno Bosteels’ introduction shows that this encounter with Wittgenstein is central to Badiou’s overall project—and that a continuing dialogue with the exemplar of anti-philosophy is crucial for contemporary philosophy.

All Thoughts Are Equal

All Thoughts Are Equal
Author: John Ó Maoilearca
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2015-09-15
ISBN: 1452944814
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

All Thoughts Are Equal Book Excerpt:

All Thoughts Are Equal is both an introduction to the work of French philosopher François Laruelle and an exercise in nonhuman thinking. For Laruelle, standard forms of philosophy continue to dominate our models of what counts as exemplary thought and knowledge. By contrast, what Laruelle calls his “non-standard” approach attempts to bring democracy into thought, because all forms of thinking—including the nonhuman—are equal. John Ó Maoilearca examines how philosophy might appear when viewed with non-philosophical and nonhuman eyes. He does so by refusing to explain Laruelle through orthodox philosophy, opting instead to follow the structure of a film (Lars von Trier’s documentary The Five Obstructions) as an example of the non-standard method. Von Trier’s film is a meditation on the creative limits set by film, both technologically and aesthetically, and how these limits can push our experience of film—and of ourselves—beyond what is normally deemed “the perfect human.” All Thoughts Are Equal adopts film’s constraints in its own experiment by showing how Laruelle’s radically new style of philosophy is best presented through our most nonhuman form of thought—that found in cinema.

Lev Shestov

Lev Shestov
Author: Matthew Beaumont
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2020-09-17
ISBN: 1350151173
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lev Shestov Book Excerpt:

The Jewish philosopher Lev Shestov (1866-1938) is perhaps the great forgotten thinker of the twentieth century, but one whose revival seems timely and urgent in the twenty-first century. An important influence on Georges Bataille, Albert Camus, Gilles Deleuze and many others, Shestov developed a fascinating anti-Enlightenment philosophy that critiqued the limits of reason and triumphantly affirmed an ethics of hope in the face of hopelessness. In a wide-ranging reappraisal of his life and thought, which explores his ideas in relation to the history of literature and painting as well as philosophy, Matthew Beaumont restores Shestov to prominence as a thinker for turbulent times. In reconstructing Shestov's thought and asserting its continued relevance, the book's central theme is wakefulness. It argues that for Shestov, escape from the limits of rationalist Enlightenment thought comes from maintaining an insomniac vigilance in the face of the spiritual night to which his century appeared condemned. Shestov's engagement with the image of Christ remaining awake in the Garden of Gethsemane then, is at the core of his inspiring understanding of our ethical responsibilities after the horrors of the twentieth century.

Jacques Derrida s Cambridge Affair

Jacques Derrida   s Cambridge Affair
Author: Niall Gildea
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2019-11-20
ISBN: 1786612615
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jacques Derrida s Cambridge Affair Book Excerpt:

What is philosophy? A question often asked, but usually in an abstract or speculative way. Rarely do we find a case of ‘philosophy’ being determined in the real world. However, at Cambridge in 1992, this is exactly what happened, as a debate took place over the merits, or otherwise, of awarding an Honorary Doctorate of Letters to the philosopher Jacques Derrida. Derrida’s supporters argued that his deconstruction of Western traditions of thinking ushered in an important new manner of doing philosophy; his detractors dismissed his work as charlatanism, philistinism – and non-philosophy. As arguments raged over the validity of introducing the canon of Continental philosophy to the Humanities in British Higher Education – the so-called ‘Theory Wars’ – Derrida’s ‘Cambridge Affair’ focalized this decisive conflict more than anything else. This is the first study of the Cambridge Affair. Drawing upon archival and unpublished material, little-known texts pertaining to the Affair, and Derrida’s own oeuvre, this original account offers an historical and philosophical reconstruction of this crucial debate, evaluating it against the body of work it put on trial.

Essays on Hilda Hilst

Essays on Hilda Hilst
Author: Adam Morris,Bruno Carvalho
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2018-05-22
ISBN: 3319563181
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essays on Hilda Hilst Book Excerpt:

This book is the first collection of critical essays on Hilda Hilst (1930-2004) published in English. It brings together a variety of perspectives on one of Latin America’s most inventive and innovative authors. Nine essays by scholars and translators reflect about various aspects of her work, placing it in the context of Brazil and world literature. During her lifetime, Hilst won several major national literary awards and attracted legions of devoted readers. Her writing spanned styles and genres, encompassing poetry, theatre, and experimental fiction. She was also considered to be “a writer’s writer,” and her literary achievements eluded both mainstream acclaim and international recognition. In recent years, Hilst’s books have enjoyed increased visibility in Brazil and beyond. A host of translators (including three contributors to this volume) have finally made some of her masterpieces available in English. This pioneering collection of essays should excite longtime readers and introduce her to a new audience.

Romanian Cinema

Romanian Cinema
Author: Doru Pop
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-11-04
ISBN: 1501366238
Category: Performing Arts
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Romanian Cinema Book Excerpt:

This volume explores the philosophical and metaphysical manifestations of contemporary cinema. Starting with the hypothesis that movies provide an experience that is both a pathway into the thinking mechanisms of modern humans and into our collective psyche, this study focuses on the elements that form the “Romanian cinematic mind” as part of the European cinema-thinking. While this book is based on specific case studies provided by recent productions in Romanian filmmaking, such as Proroca (2017) and Touch me Not (2018), it also contextualises the national cinema within the larger, European art of making movies. Offering close interpretations of the works of world-renowned directors like Cristi Puiu, Cristian Mungiu, Corneliu Porumboiu or more recently Adina Pintilie and Constantin Popescu, this book questions the “Romanianess” of their cinematic techniques, and places their philosophical roots both in a particular mode of thinking and within continental philosophy.

The Triumph of Uncertainty

The Triumph of Uncertainty
Author: Alfred I. Tauber
Publsiher: Central European University Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2022-08-09
ISBN: 9633865824
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Triumph of Uncertainty Book Excerpt:

Tauber, a leading figure in history and philosophy of science, offers a unique autobiographical overview of how science as a discipline of thought has been characterized by philosophers and historians over the past century. He frames his account through science’s – and his own personal – quest for explanatory certainty. During the 20th century, that goal was displaced by the probabilistic epistemologies required to characterize complex systems, whether in physics, biology, economics, or the social sciences. This “triumph of uncertainty” is the inevitable outcome of irreducible chance and indeterminate causality. And beyond these epistemological limits, the interpretative faculties of the individual scientist (what Michael Polanyi called the “personal” and the “tacit”) invariably affects how data are understood. Whereas positivism had claimed radical objectivity, post-positivists have identified how a web of non-epistemic values and social forces profoundly influence the production of knowledge. Tauber presents a case study of these claims by showing how immunology has incorporated extra-curricular social elements in its theoretical development and how these in turn have influenced interpretive problems swirling around biological identity, individuality, and cognition. The correspondence between contemporary immunology and cultural notions of selfhood are strong and striking. Just as uncertainty haunts science, so too does it hover over current constructions of personal identity, self knowledge, and moral agency. Across the chasm of uncertainty, science and selfhood speak.

The Black Circle

The Black Circle
Author: Jeff Love
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2018-07-10
ISBN: 023154670X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Black Circle Book Excerpt:

Alexandre Kojève (1902–1968) was an important and provocative thinker. Born in Russia, he spent most of his life in France. His interpretation of Hegel and his notorious declaration that history had come to an end exerted great influence on French thinkers and writers such as Raymond Aron, Georges Bataille, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jacques Lacan, and Raymond Queneau. An unorthodox Marxist, he was a critic of Martin Heidegger and interlocutor of Leo Strauss who played a significant role in establishing the European Economic Community; a polyglot with many unusual interests, he wrote works, mostly unpublished in his lifetime, on quantum physics, the problem of the infinite, Buddhism, atheism, and Vassily Kandinsky’s paintings. In The Black Circle, Jeff Love reinterprets Kojève’s works, showing him to be an essential thinker who challenged modern society and its valuation of individuality, self-interest, and freedom from death. Emphasizing Kojève’s neglected Russian roots, The Black Circle puts him in the context of the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Russian debates over the proper ends of human life. Love explores notions of perfection, freedom, and finality in Kojève’s account of Hegel and his neglected later works, clarifying Kojève’s emancipatory thinking and the meaning of the oft-misinterpreted “end of history.” Combining intellectual history, close textual analysis, and philosophy, The Black Circle reveals Kojève’s thought as a profound critique of capitalist individualism and a timely meditation on human freedom.

School Leadership between Community and the State

School Leadership between Community and the State
Author: David Lundie
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2022-10-10
ISBN: 3030998347
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

School Leadership between Community and the State Book Excerpt:

This book presents changes in UK and global educational governance in the context of a radical shift in the operating logics of politics and its interaction with education. Beginning from the colonial origins of political interest in education, the author traces a fundamental shift in the patterns of governance of schools in England in the opening decades of the 21st century. Operating through the logics of public choice economics involving both real markets and quasi-markets, policy reforms have increasingly framed school values, and the value of schooling, in line with a politically determined and nostalgic discourse of ‘British values’. This stands in contrast to a previous focus on ‘community cohesion’ which foregrounded school partnership with the parent community and wider society. Tracing the processes and mid-level actors mediating between government and school leaders, the author identifies processes of recontextualisation through which policy can be reinscribed and resisted.

David Bergelson s Strange New World

David Bergelson s Strange New World
Author: Harriet Murav
Publsiher: Indiana University Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-02-01
ISBN: 0253036941
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

David Bergelson s Strange New World Book Excerpt:

David Bergelson (1884–1952) emerged as a major literary figure who wrote in Yiddish before WWI. He was one of the founders of the Kiev Kultur-Lige and his work was at the center of the Yiddish-speaking world of the time. He was well known for creating characters who often felt the painful after-effects of the past and the clumsiness of bodies stumbling through the actions of daily life as their familiar worlds crumbled around them. In this contemporary assessment of Bergelson and his fiction, Harriet Murav focuses on untimeliness, anachronism, and warped temporality as an emotional, sensory, existential, and historical background to Bergleson's work and world. Murav grapples with the great modern theorists of time and memory, especially Henri Bergson, Sigmund Freud, and Walter Benjamin, to present Bergelson as an integral part of the philosophical and artistic experiments, political and technological changes, and cultural context of Russian and Yiddish modernism that marked his age. As a comparative and interdisciplinary study of Yiddish literature and Jewish culture, this work adds a new, ethnic dimension to understandings of the turbulent birth of modernism.

Why History

Why History
Author: Donald Bloxham
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-07-09
ISBN: 0192602330
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Why History Book Excerpt:

What is the point of history? Why has the study of the past been so important for so long? Why History? A History contemplates two and a half thousand years of historianship to establish how very different thinkers in diverse contexts have conceived their activities, and to illustrate the purposes that their historical investigations have served. Whether considering Herodotus, medieval religious exegesis, or twentieth-century cultural history, at the core of this work is the way that the present has been conceived to relate to the past. Alongside many changes in technique and philosophy, Donald Bloxham's book reveals striking long-term continuities in justifications for the discipline.

In the Archive of Longing

In the Archive of Longing
Author: Mitrano Mena Mitrano
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2016-07-07
ISBN: 1474414354
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In the Archive of Longing Book Excerpt:

Reads modernism and theory through Susan Sontag's archiveThis adventurous critical inquiry into Sontag's archive illuminates the intimate link between modernism and theory while also providing a fascinating reintroduction to these two movements and concepts. Mena Mitrano explores three core ideas in this study: the confusion of terms between modernism and theory; the concept of an 'unwritten theory' suggested by Sontag's subterranean engagement with the foremost theorists of our time (Derrida, Foucault, Deleuze, Lacan, Jameson and others) in the rawness of her journals and notebooks; and Sontag's identity as a non-traditional philosopher, through the extraordinary discipleship to Walter Benjamin. The book is driven by new archival research and will have a multi-layered impact, changing our perception of Sontag as a post-Cold War public intellectual as well as interrogating key concepts in the Humanities. Key Features Original study of Susan Sontag's contribution to the development of critical thoughtOpens new avenues for research in the expanding field of new modernist studies and in the field of criticismDiscusses Sontag's collaboration with Walter Benjamin which reopens the question of the author and encourages an understanding of this concept from a psychoanalytic perspective, as a transgenerational phenomenonIncludes a discussion of the role of the American avant-garde in Sontag's abandonment of philosophy and in her turn to a pioneering, more theoretical literary criticism

Antiphilosophy of Christianity

Antiphilosophy of Christianity
Author: Ghislain Deslandes
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2021-05-22
ISBN: 3030732835
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antiphilosophy of Christianity Book Excerpt:

This text presents and addresses the philosophical movement of antiphilosophy working thru the texts of Christian thinkers such as Pascal and Kierkegaard. The author as influenced by Alain Badiou, portrays these Christian thinkers as of a subjective dimension negating the possibility of an objective quest for truth. The claim here is that antiphilosophy is abundant in the eyes of these two thinkers who frame the thought event as represented by Christianity, ultimately resigning itself to more or less the opposite of philosophy itself. Readers will discover why philosophical reason should never be convinced by that which denies its very authority. Subjecting faith to the perils of philosophical analysis, confronting the philosophical tradition with the truth of the Christian faith, and occupying the space between the two: such are the challenges facing an antiphilosophy of Christianity. This text will appeal to researchers and students working in continental philosophy, philosophy of religion and those in religious studies who want to investigate the links between Christianity and antiphilosophy.

We the Cosmopolitans

We the Cosmopolitans
Author: Lisette Josephides,Alexandra Hall
Publsiher: Berghahn Books
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2014-03-30
ISBN: 1782382771
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

We the Cosmopolitans Book Excerpt:

The provocative title of this book is deliberately and challengingly universalist, matching the theoretically experimental essays, where contributors try different ideas to answer distinct concerns regarding cosmopolitanism. Leading anthropologists explore what cosmopolitanism means in the context of everyday life, variously viewing it as an aspect of kindness and empathy, as tolerance, hospitality and openness, and as a defining feature of pan-human individuality. The chapters thus advance an existential critique of abstract globalization discourse. The book enriches interdisciplinary debates about hitherto neglected aspects of contemporary cosmopolitanism as a political and moral project, examining the form of its lived effects and offering new ideas and case studies to work with.