Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing
Author: Iain H. Woodhouse
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2005-11-02
ISBN: 9780415271233
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing offers an extensive overview of this versatile and extremely precise technology for technically oriented undergraduates and graduate students. This textbook emphasizes an important shift in conceptualization and directs it toward students with prior knowledge of optical remote sensing: the author dispels any linkage between microwave and optical remote sensing. Instead, he constructs the concept of microwave remote sensing by comparing it to the process of audio perception, explaining the workings of the ear as a metaphor for microwave instrumentation. This volume takes an “application-driven” approach. Instead of describing the technology and then its uses, this textbook justifies the need for measurement then explains how microwave technology addresses this need. Following a brief summary of the field and a history of the use of microwaves, the book explores the physical properties of microwaves and the polarimetric properties of electromagnetic waves. It examines the interaction of microwaves with matter, analyzes passive atmospheric and passive surface measurements, and describes the operation of altimeters and scatterometers. The textbook concludes by explaining how high resolution images are created using radars, and how techniques of interferometry can be applied to both passive and active sensors.

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing
Author: Iain Woodhouse
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2004-12-11
ISBN: 9780415271240
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

The Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing examines the physical principles and properties of microwaves and how they behave in the real world. The book provides a study of microwave systems: passive systems, basic principles of radar, conceptual issues of radar, and radar imaging and its applications; the advanced topics of radar modeling, interferometry and polarimetry; and an appendix giving some useful mathematics, notably trigonometry, logs and exponentials, complex numbers, vectors and matrices. This book provides a solid primer for advanced, technically-oriented undergraduate and graduate students, and other remote sensing researchers and professionals.

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing
Author: Iain H. Woodhouse
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2005-11-02
ISBN: 9780203646526
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing offers an extensive overview of this versatile and extremely precise technology for technically oriented undergraduates and graduate students. This textbook emphasizes an important shift in conceptualization and directs it toward students with prior knowledge of optical remote sensing: the author dispels any linkage between microwave and optical remote sensing. Instead, he constructs the concept of microwave remote sensing by comparing it to the process of audio perception, explaining the workings of the ear as a metaphor for microwave instrumentation. This volume takes an “application-driven” approach. Instead of describing the technology and then its uses, this textbook justifies the need for measurement then explains how microwave technology addresses this need. Following a brief summary of the field and a history of the use of microwaves, the book explores the physical properties of microwaves and the polarimetric properties of electromagnetic waves. It examines the interaction of microwaves with matter, analyzes passive atmospheric and passive surface measurements, and describes the operation of altimeters and scatterometers. The textbook concludes by explaining how high resolution images are created using radars, and how techniques of interferometry can be applied to both passive and active sensors.

Advances in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans

Advances in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans
Author: Victor Raizer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN: 1351649981
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans Book Excerpt:

This book demonstrates the capabilities of passive microwave technique for enhanced observations of ocean features, including the detection of (sub)surface events and/or disturbances while laying out the benefits and boundaries of these methods. It represents not only an introduction and complete description of the main principles of ocean microwave radiometry and imagery, but also provides guidance for further experimental studies. Furthermore, it expands the analysis of remote sensing methods, models, and techniques and focuses on a high-resolution multiband imaging observation concept. Such an advanced approach provides readers with a new level of geophysical information and data acquisition granting the opportunity to improve their expertise on advanced microwave technology, now an indispensable tool for diagnostics of ocean phenomena and disturbances.

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of the Earth

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of the Earth
Author: Fuzhong Weng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2018-01-16
ISBN: 3527336273
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of the Earth Book Excerpt:

This book covers the fundamentals of satellite microwave instrument calibration, remote sensing sciences and algorithms, as well as the applications of the satellite microwave observations in weather and climate research.

Microwave Remote Sensing for Oceanographic and Marine Weather Forecast Models

Microwave Remote Sensing for Oceanographic and Marine Weather Forecast Models
Author: Robin A. Vaughan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400905092
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microwave Remote Sensing for Oceanographic and Marine Weather Forecast Models Book Excerpt:

The power of microwave remote sensing for studying the oceans of the world was demonstrated conclusively by the SEASAT mission in 1978. Since then, no further satellite-flown instruments have been available to provide further data of this type. However, the proposed launch of ESA's ERS-1 satellite will lead to a new set of active microwave instruments being flown in space in 1990. Even though similar data has been obtained from aircraft-flown instruments SAR, scatterometers, altimeters etc. - a great deal of activity has been taking place to develop the necessary expertise in handling and analysing such data when it comes on-stream from ERS-1 and from subsequent satellites. It was against this background that the scientific Affairs Division of NATO again agreed to sponsor an ASI in Dundee in 1988. Its purpose was to review existing knowledge of the extraction of marine and atmospheric geophysical parameters from satellite-gathered microwave data and to enable scientists to prepare themselves and their computing systems to utilise the new data when it becomes available. The importance of the data is largely as input parameters to assist in the fitting of boundary conditions in large computer models. The course was concerned more with the non-imaging instruments, that is with passive radiometers, altimeters and scatterometers, than with the (imaging) synthetic aperture radar.

Remote Sensing of Vegetation

Remote Sensing of Vegetation
Author: Hamlyn G Jones,Robin A Vaughan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 353
Release: 2010-07-15
ISBN: 0199207798
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remote Sensing of Vegetation Book Excerpt:

An accessible yet rigorous introduction to remote sensing and its application to the study of vegetation for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. The underlying physical and mathematical principles of the techniques disucussed are explained in a way readily understood by those without a strong mathematical background.

Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing

Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing
Author: Charles Elachi,Jakob J. van Zyl
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2021-03-18
ISBN: 1119523125
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

Discover cutting edge theory and applications of modern remote sensing in geology, oceanography, atmospheric science, ionospheric studies, and more The thoroughly revised third edition of the Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing delivers a comprehensive update to the authoritative textbook, offering readers new sections on radar interferometry, radar stereo, and planetary radar. It explores new techniques in imaging spectroscopy and large optics used in Earth orbiting, planetary, and astrophysics missions. It also describes remote sensing instruments on, as well as data acquired with, the most recent Earth and space missions. Readers will benefit from the brand new and up-to-date concept examples and full-color photography, 50% of which is new to the series. You’ll learn about the basic physics of wave/matter interactions, techniques of remote sensing across the electromagnetic spectrum (from ultraviolet to microwave), and the concepts behind the remote sensing techniques used today and those planned for the future. The book also discusses the applications of remote sensing for a wide variety of earth and planetary atmosphere and surface sciences, like geology, oceanography, resource observation, atmospheric sciences, and ionospheric studies. This new edition also incorporates: A fulsome introduction to the nature and properties of electromagnetic waves An exploration of sensing solid surfaces in the visible and near infrared spectrums, as well as thermal infrared, microwave, and radio frequencies A treatment of ocean surface sensing, including ocean surface imaging and the mapping of ocean topography A discussion of the basic principles of atmospheric sensing and radiative transfer, including the radiative transfer equation Perfect for senior undergraduate and graduate students in the field of remote sensing instrument development, data analysis, and data utilization, Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing will also earn a place in the libraries of students, faculty, researchers, engineers, and practitioners in fields like aerospace, electrical engineering, and astronomy.

The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing

The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing
Author: Timothy A Warner,M Duane Nellis,Giles M Foody
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2009-06-18
ISBN: 1446246140
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

'A magnificent achievement. A who's who of contemporary remote sensing have produced an engaging, wide-ranging and scholarly review of the field in just one volume' - Professor Paul Curran, Vice-Chancellor, Bournemouth University Remote Sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales Remote Sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Organized in four key sections: • Interactions of Electromagnetic Radiation with the Terrestrial Environment: chapters on Visible, Near-IR and Shortwave IR; Middle IR (3-5 micrometers); Thermal IR ; Microwave • Digital sensors and Image Characteristics: chapters on Sensor Technology; Coarse Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors ; Medium Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Fine Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Video Imaging and Multispectral Digital Photography; Hyperspectral Sensors; Radar and Passive Microwave Sensors; Lidar • Remote Sensing Analysis - Design and Implementation: chapters on Image Pre-Processing; Ground Data Collection; Integration with GIS; Quantitative Models in Remote Sensing; Validation and accuracy assessment; • Remote Sensing Analysis - Applications: LITHOSPHERIC SCIENCES: chapters on Topography; Geology; Soils; PLANT SCIENCES: Vegetation; Agriculture; HYDROSPHERIC and CRYSOPHERIC SCIENCES: Hydrosphere: Fresh and Ocean Water; Cryosphere; GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN ENVIRONMENTS: Earth Systems; Human Environments & Links to the Social Sciences; Real Time Monitoring Systems and Disaster Management; Land Cover Change Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, the SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.

Basics of Geomatics

Basics of Geomatics
Author: Mario A. Gomarasca
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2009-09-18
ISBN: 9781402090141
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basics of Geomatics Book Excerpt:

Geomatics is a neologism, the use of which is becoming increasingly widespread, even if it is not still universally accepted. It includes several disciplines and te- niques for the study of the Earth’s surface and its environments, and computer science plays a decisive role. A more meaningful and appropriate expression is G- spatial Information or GeoInformation. Geo-spatial Information embeds topography in its more modern forms (measurements with electronic instrumentation, sophisticated techniques of data analysis and network compensation, global satellite positioning techniques, laser scanning, etc.), analytical and digital photogrammetry, satellite and airborne remote sensing, numerical cartography, geographical information systems, decision support systems, WebGIS, etc. These specialized elds are intimately interrelated in terms of both the basic science and the results pursued: rigid separation does not allow us to discover several common aspects and the fundamental importance assumed in a search for solutions in the complex survey context. The objective pursued by Mario A. Gomarasca, one that is only apparently modest, is to publish an integrated text on the surveying theme, containing simple and comprehensible concepts relevant to experts in Geo-spatial Information and/or speci cally in one of the disciplines that compose it. At the same time, the book is rigorous and synthetic, describing with precision the main instruments and methods connected to the multiple techniques available today.

Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice

Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice
Author: Frank D. Carsey
Publsiher: American Geophysical Union
Total Pages: 462
Release: 1992-04-08
ISBN: 087590033X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice Book Excerpt:

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 68. Human activities in the polar regions have undergone incredible changes in this century. Among these changes is the revolution that satellites have brought about in obtaining information concerning polar geophysical processes. Satellites have flown for about three decades, and the polar regions have been the subject of their routine surveillance for more than half that time. Our observations of polar regions have evolved from happenstance ship sightings and isolated harbor icing records to routine global records obtained by those satellites. Thanks to such abundant data, we now know a great deal about the ice-covered seas, which constitute about 10% of the Earth's surface. This explosion of information about sea ice has fascinated scientists for some 20 years. We are now at a point of transition in sea ice studies; we are concerned less about ice itself and more about its role in the climate system. This change in emphasis has been the prime stimulus for this book.

Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces

Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces
Author: Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2016-11-08
ISBN: 0081017685
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces Book Excerpt:

Microwave Remote Sensing of Land Surface: Techniques and Methods brings essential coverage of the space techniques of observation on continental surfaces. The authors explore major applications and provide detailed chapters on physical principles, physics of measurement, and data processing for each technique, bringing readers up-to-date descriptions of techniques used by leading scientists in the field of remote sensing and Earth observation. Presents clear-and-concise descriptions of modern methods Explores current remote sensing techniques that include physical aspects of measurement (theory) and their applications Provides physical principles, measurement, and data processing chapters that are included for each technique described

Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice

Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice
Author: W. Gareth Rees
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2005-08-12
ISBN: 9781420023749
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice Book Excerpt:

Many advances in spaceborne instrumentation, remote sensing, and data analysis have occurred in recent years, but until now there has been no book that reflects these advances while delivering a uniform treatment of the remote sensing of frozen regions. Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice identifies unifying themes and ideas in these fields and presents them in a single volume. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the remote sensing of the Earth’s cryosphere. Explaining why cryospheric observations are important and why remote sensing observations are essential, it offers thorough surveys of the physical properties of ice and snow, and of current and emerging remote sensing techniques. Presenting a technical review of how the properties of snow and ice relate to remote sensing observations, the book focuses on principles by which useful geophysical information becomes encoded into the electromagnetic radiation detected during the remote sensing process. The author then discusses in detail the application of remote sensing methods to snow, freshwater ice, glaciers, and icebergs. The book concludes with a summary that examines what remote sensing has revealed about the cryosphere, where major technical problems still exist, and how these problems can be addressed.

Introduction to Remote Sensing Second Edition

Introduction to Remote Sensing  Second Edition
Author: Arthur P. Cracknell
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 1991-08-12
ISBN: 9780850663358
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Remote Sensing Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Providing a full introduction to remote sensing for all environmental scientists, this wide-ranging and authoritative text assumes no prior knowledge of remote sensing yet covers the field in sufficient depth to be suitable also as a research manual.

Studies of Microwave Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Parameters

Studies of Microwave Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Parameters
Author: Norman E. Gaut
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 65
Release: 1974
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Microwave measurements
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Studies of Microwave Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Parameters Book Excerpt:

The report addresses itself to two main topics of research and analysis: the effects of clouds and hydrometeors on temperature profiling, and the possibility of obtaining cloud information from microwave remote sensing. Other topic areas covered include: Implementation of the Gross-Reber line-shape model for the oxygen absorption coefficients; Extension of analysis of temperature inversion accuracies to the 118 GHz line; Development of an approximate model for the analysis of the effects of precipitation; and Analysis of the application of the 183 GHz line shape for atmospheric probing.

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing
Author: William Emery,Adriano Camps
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 860
Release: 2017-08-30
ISBN: 0128092599
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing: Atmosphere, Ocean and Land Applications is the first reference book to cover ocean applications, atmospheric applications, and land applications of remote sensing. Applications of remote sensing data are finding increasing application in fields as diverse as wildlife ecology and coastal recreation management. The technology engages electromagnetic sensors to measure and monitor changes in the earth’s surface and atmosphere. The book opens with an introduction to the history of remote sensing, starting from when the phrase was first coined. It goes on to discuss the basic concepts of the various systems, including atmospheric and ocean, then closes with a detailed section on land applications. Due to the cross disciplinary nature of the authors’ experience and the content covered, this is a must have reference book for all practitioners and students requiring an introduction to the field of remote sensing. Provides study questions at the end of each chapter to aid learning Covers all satellite remote sensing technologies, allowing readers to use the text as instructional material Includes the most recent technologies and their applications, allowing the reader to stay up-to-date Delves into laser sensing (LIDAR) and commercial satellites (DigitalGlobe) Presents examples of specific satellite missions, including those in which new technology has been introduced

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing
Author: George Joseph
Publsiher: Universities Press
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9788173715358
Category: Remote sensing
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing Book Excerpt:

This book presents the fundamental concepts covering various stages of remote sensing from data collection to end utilization, so that it can be appreciated irrespective of the discipline in which the reader has graduated. The physical principles on which remote sensing are based has been explained without getting into complicated mathematical equations.

Environmental Geoinformatics

Environmental Geoinformatics
Author: Joseph Awange,John Kiema
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 635
Release: 2018-12-08
ISBN: 3030030172
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Geoinformatics Book Excerpt:

This second edition includes updated chapters from the first edition as well as five additional new chapters (Light detection and ranging (LiDAR), CORONA historical de-classified products, Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles (UAVs), GNSS-reflectometry and GNSS applications to climate variability), shifting the main focus from monitoring and management to extreme hydro-climatic and food security challenges and exploiting big data. Since the publication of first edition, much has changed in terms of technology, and the demand for geospatial data has increased with the advent of the big data era. For instance, the use of laser scanning has advanced so much that it is unavoidable in most environmental monitoring tasks, whereas unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAVs)/drones are emerging as efficient tools that address food security issues as well as many other contemporary challenges. Furthermore, global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) are now responding to challenges posed by climate change by unravelling the impacts of teleconnection (e.g., ENSO) as well as advancing the use of reflected signals (GNSS-reflectometry) to monitor, e.g., soil moisture variations. Indeed all these rely on the explosive use of “big data” in many fields of human endeavour. Moreover, with the ever-increasing global population, intense pressure is being exerted on the Earth’s resources, leading to significant changes in its land cover (e.g., deforestation), diminishing biodiversity and natural habitats, dwindling fresh water supplies, and changing weather and climatic patterns (e.g., global warming, changing sea level). Environmental monitoring techniques that provide information on these are under scrutiny from an increasingly environmentally conscious society that demands the efficient delivery of such information at a minimal cost. Environmental changes vary both spatially and temporally, thereby putting pressure on traditional methods of data acquisition, some of which are highly labour intensive, such as animal tracking for conservation purposes. With these challenges, conventional monitoring techniques, particularly those that record spatial changes call for more sophisticated approaches that deliver the necessary information at an affordable cost. One direction being pursued in the development of such techniques involves environmental geoinformatics, which can act as a stand-alone method or complement traditional methods.

Environmental Geoinformatics

Environmental Geoinformatics
Author: Joseph L. Awange,John B. Kyalo Kiema
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 541
Release: 2013-06-13
ISBN: 3642340857
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Geoinformatics Book Excerpt:

There is no doubt that today, perhaps more than ever before, humanity faces a myriad of complex and demanding challenges. These include natural resource depletion and environmental degradation, food and water insecurity, energy shortages, diminishing biodiversity, increasing losses from natural disasters, and climate change with its associated potentially devastating consequences, such as rising sea levels. These human-induced and natural impacts on the environment need to be well understood in order to develop informed policies, decisions, and remedial measures to mitigate current and future negative impacts. To achieve this, continuous monitoring and management of the environment to acquire data that can be soundly and rigorously analyzed to provide information about its current state and changing patterns, and thereby allow predictions of possible future impacts, are essential. Developing pragmatic and sustainable solutions to address these and many other similar challenges requires the use of geodata and the application of geoinformatics. This book presents the concepts and applications of geoinformatics, a multidisciplinary field that has at its core different technologies that support the acquisition, analysis and visualization of geodata for environmental monitoring and management. We depart from the 4D to the 5D data paradigm, which defines geodata accurately, consistently, rapidly and completely, in order to be useful without any restrictions in space, time or scale to represent a truly global dimension of the digital Earth. The book also features the state-of-the-art discussion of Web-GIS. The concepts and applications of geoinformatics presented in this book will be of benefit to decision-makers across a wide range of fields, including those at environmental agencies, in the emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, environmental management agencies, tourist industry, market analysis and e-commerce, or mineral exploration, among many others. The title and subtitle of this textbook convey a distinct message. Monitoring -the passive part in the subtitle - refers to observation and data acquisition, whereas management - the active component - stands for operation and performance. The topic is our environment, which is intimately related to geoinformatics. The overall message is: all the mentioned elements do interact and must not be separated. Hans-Peter B ahr, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr.h.c., Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany.

Scale in Spatial Information and Analysis

Scale in Spatial Information and Analysis
Author: Jingxiong Zhang,Peter Atkinson,Michael F. Goodchild
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2014-04-15
ISBN: 1439829373
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scale in Spatial Information and Analysis Book Excerpt:

Now ubiquitous in modern life, spatial data present great opportunities to transform many of the processes on which we base our everyday lives. However, not only do these data depend on the scale of measurement, but also handling these data (e.g., to make suitable maps) requires that we account for the scale of measurement explicitly. Scale in Spatial Information and Analysis describes the scales of measurement and scales of spatial variation that exist in the measured data. It provides you with a series of tools for handling spatial data while accounting for scale. The authors detail a systematic strategy for handling scale issues from geographic reality, through measurements, to resultant spatial data and their analyses. They also explore a process-pattern paradigm in approaching scale issues. This is well reflected, for example, in chapters dealing with terrain analysis, in which scale in terrain derivatives is described in relation to the processing involved in the derivation of specific terrain variables from elevation data, and area classes, which are viewed as driven by class-forming covariates. Lastly, this book provides coverage of some of the issues related to scale that are relatively under-represented in the literature, such as the effects of scale on information content in remotely sensed images, and the interaction between scale and uncertainty that is increasingly important for spatial information and analysis. By taking a rigorous, scientific approach to scale and its various meanings in relation to the geographic world, the book alleviates some of the frustration caused by dealing with issues of scale. While past research has led to an increasing number of journal articles and a few books dedicated to scale modeling and change of scale, this book helps you to develop coherent strategies for scale modeling, highlighting applicability for a variety of fields, from geomatic engineering and geoinformatics to environmental modeling.