Description : This book provides an analysis of funding for agricultural research in the United States and presents a proposal to strengthen this system. Its premise is that a judicious but substantial increase in research funding through competitive grants is the best way to sustain and strengthen the U.S. agricultural, food, and environmental system. The proposal calls for an increased public investment in research; a broadened scientific scope and expanded program areas of research; and four categories of competitively awarded grants, with an emphasis on multidisciplinary research.
Description : The Board on Agriculture (BA), in this self-initiated study, reaffirms recommendations it made for the U.S. Department of Agriculture supported competitive grants program in its 1989 report Investing in Research: A Proposal to Strengthen the Agricultural, Food, and Environmental System. Although the National Initiative for Research on Agriculture, Food, and Environment expanded following the BA's 1989 report, it has achieved neither the program breadth nor the $500 million annual funding level recommended. The book's discussion of competitively awarded grants as a mechanism to support high-quality research broadly related to agriculture, food, and natural resources dovetails with current efforts to craft the research component of the 1995 Farm Bill.
Description : A report by the President's Info. Technology Advisory Committee on future directions for Fed. support of R&D for information technology (IT). The Committee has concluded that Fed. support for research in IT is seriously inadequate and should be increased. This report includes: executive summary; rationale for government support of long term, fundamental research; IT: transforming our society; setting Federal research priorities: findings and recommendations; technical research priorities; socioeconomic research and policy priorities; and creating an effective management structure for Federal IT R&D. Charts and tables.
Description : Shortly after taking office in 1993, President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore called for a shift in American technology policy toward an expansion of public investments in partnerships with private industry. The authors of this volume were invited by the Clinton administration to take a hard, nonpartisan look at how successful the new policies have been and to propose ways to make their programs more effective. The first summary report of the team's recommendations was called the "hottest technology policy property on Capitol Hill." This book, an expansion of that report, offers a new set of technology policy principles. The authors use the principles to evaluate many federal research programs and to make recommendations for change. This volume will set the terms of the debate over the national research and innovation policy for years to come.
Description : The triple bottom line is an accounting framework with social, environmental and financial factors. This Handbook examines the nexus between these areas by scrutinising aspects of socially responsible investment, finance and sustainable development, corporate socially responsible banking firms, the stock returns of sustainable firms, green bonds and sustainable financial instruments.