Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers
Author: Alexey Kondyurin,Marcela Bilek
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN: 9780080556741
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers Book Excerpt:

Polymer materials are used in different fields of industries, from microelectronice to medicine. Ion beam implantation is method of surface modification when surface properties must be significantly changed and bulk properties of material must be saved. Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers contains results of polymer investigations and techniques development in the field of polymer modification by high energy ion beams. This book is intended for specialists in polymer science who have interest to use an ion beam treatment for improvement of polymer properties, for specialists in physics who search a new application of ion beam and plasma equipment and also for students who look for future fields of high technology. Chapter 1-3 are devoted to overview of the basic processes at high energy ion penetration into solid target. The historical aspects and main physical aspects are covered. A basic equipment principles and main producers of equipment for ion beam treatment are considered. Chapter 4 contains chemical transformations in polymers during and after high energy ion penetration. The modern methods and results of experimental and theoretical investigation are described. Chapters 5-10 are devoted to properties of polymers after ion beam treatment, regimes of treatment, available applications, in particular: increase of adhesion of polymers and a mechanism of an adhesion increase, wetting angle of polymer by water and its stability, adhesion of cells on polymer surface, drug release regulation from polymer coating and others. Chapter 11 contains our last results on polymerisation processes in liquid oligomer composition under high vacuum, plasma and ion beam conditions as simulation of free space environment. * By scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation and in development and production of ion beam equipment * Covering industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers * Also for students with an interest in future fields of high technology

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers
Author: Alexey Kondyurin,Marcela Bilek
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2014-09-30
ISBN: 9780080994451
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers Book Excerpt:

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers, Second Edition presents the results of polymer investigations and technique development in the field of polymer modification by high-energy ion beams. It shows how to use ion beam equipment in the polymer industry, as well as how to use it to produce new polymer materials. The authors, scientists and researchers active in the field, provide analysis and data from their work, and give an overview of related work by others. The authors focus on wetting, adhesion, hardness, chemical activity, environmental stability, biocompatibility, new synthesis methods, and space flight construction. The technologies of material modification by a beam of high energy ions have wide applications in different fields, from microelectronics to medicine. Historically, ion beam treatment of polymers had fewer applications due to high costs of ion beam equipment and low costs of polymer materials. The modern development of new pulse sources with a high current density and wide ion beams increase the effectiveness of ion beam technology for polymers. Collates data from many scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation, and in development and production of ion beam equipment Covers industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers Integrates physical and chemical aspects of the processes in polymers treated by ion beams

Ion Beam Modification of Materials

Ion Beam Modification of Materials
Author: J.S. Williams,R.G. Elliman,M.C. Ridgway
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 1136
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 0444599746
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ion Beam Modification of Materials Book Excerpt:

This conference consisted of 15 oral sessions, including three plenary papers covering areas of general interest, 22 specialist invited papers and 51 contributed presentations as well as three poster sessions. There were several scientific highlights covering a diverse spectrum of materials and ion beam processing methods. These included a wide range of conventional and novel applications such as: optical displays and opto-electronics, motor vehicle and tooling parts, coatings tailored for desired properties, studies of fundamental defect properties, the production of novel (often buried) compounds, and treating biomedical materials. The study of nanocrystals produced by ion implantation in a range of host matrices, particularly for opto-electronics applications, was one especially new and exciting development. Despite several decades of study, major progress was reported at the conference in understanding defect evolution in semiconductors and the role of defects in transient impurity diffusion. The use of implantation to tune or isolate optical devices and in forming optically active centres and waveguides in semiconductors, polymers and oxide ceramics was a major focus of several presentations at the conference. The formation of hard coatings by ion assisted deposition or direct implantation was also an area which showed much recent progress. Ion beam techniques had also developed apace, particularly those based on plasma immersion ion implantation or alternative techniques for large area surface treatment. Finally, the use of ion beams for the direct treatment of cancerous tissue was a particularly novel and interesting application of ion beams.

Fundamentals of Ion Irradiated Polymers

Fundamentals of Ion Irradiated Polymers
Author: Dietmar Fink
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2004-10-20
ISBN: 9783540040279
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Ion Irradiated Polymers Book Excerpt:

Presented in two parts, this first comprehensive overview addresses all aspects of energetic ion irradiation of polymers. Earlier publications and review articles concentrated on selected topics only. And the need for such a work has grown with the dramatic increase of research and applications, such as in photoresists, waveguides, and medical dosimetry, during the last decade. The first part, Fundamentals of Ion-Irradiated Polymers, covers the physical, chemical and instrumental fundamentals; treats the specific irradiation mechanisms of low- and high-energy ions (including similarities and differences); and details the potential for future technological application. All the new findings are carefully analyzed and presented in a systematic way, while open questions are identified. The second volume, Transport Processes in Ion-Irradiated Polymers, deals with transport processes in both unirradiated and irradiated polymers. As both a review and a stimulus, this work seeks to contribute substantially to the literature and advancement of polymeric devices, from both the low- and high-energy regimes.

Progress in Adhesion Adhesives Volume 5

Progress in Adhesion Adhesives  Volume 5
Author: K. L. Mittal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2020-07-28
ISBN: 1119749875
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Adhesion Adhesives Volume 5 Book Excerpt:

With the ever-increasing amount of research being published, it is a Herculean task to be fully conversant with the latest research developments in any field, and the arena of adhesion and adhesives is no exception. Thus, topical review articles provide an alternate and very efficient way to stay abreast of the state-of-the-art in many subjects representing the field of adhesion science and adhesives. Based on the success of the preceding volumes in this series “Progress in Adhesion and Adhesives”, the present volume comprises 13 review articles published in Volume 7 (2019) of Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives. The subjects of these review articles fall into the following areas: Adhesively bonded joints Adhesives (including bioadhesives) and their applications Nanocomposite polymer adhesives Polymer surface modification Wettability and surface free energy Adhesion of bacteria The topics covered include: Adhesion behavior of plasma treated steel and its alloys; debonding on demand of adhesively bonded joints; bioadhesive polymers; adhesives in the footwear industry; nanocomposite polymer adhesives; ion beam treatment of polymer surfaces to enhance adhesion; natural to artificial non-wettable surfaces and applications; plasma oxidation of polyolefins; wettability and surface free energy characterization of textiles; bioadhesive nanoformulations; laser-assisted tailoring of surface wettability; functionally graded adhesively bonded joints; adhesion of colloids and bacteria to porous media.

High Energy Density Technologies in Materials Science

High Energy Density Technologies in Materials Science
Author: F. Garbassi,E. Occhiello
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400904991
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Energy Density Technologies in Materials Science Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Workshop, Novara, May 3-4, 1989

Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems

Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems
Author: Donald L. Wise
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1266
Release: 1998-03-27
ISBN: 9780824701185
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems Book Excerpt:

"Offers background information, methods of characterization, and applications for electrical and optical polymers, including biopolymers, and tutorial sections that explain how to use the techniques."

Materials and Processes for Surface and Interface Engineering

Materials and Processes for Surface and Interface Engineering
Author: Y. Pauleau
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 646
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401100772
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials and Processes for Surface and Interface Engineering Book Excerpt:

Materials and Processes for Surface and Interface Engineering, which has been written by experts in the fields of deposition technology and surface modification techniques, offers up to date tutorial papers on the latest advances in surface and interface engineering. The emphasis is on fundamental aspects, principles and applications of plasma and ion beam processing technology. A handbook for the engineer and scientist as well as an introduction for students in several branches of materials science and surface engineering.

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials
Author: Vijay Kumar,Babulal Chaudhary,Vishal Sharma,Kartikey Verma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2019-02-09
ISBN: 3030057704
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

​This book provides an introduction of how radiation is processed in polymeric materials, how materials properties are affected and how the resulting materials are analyzed. It covers synthesis, characterization, or modification of important materials, e.g. polycarbonates, polyamides and polysaccharides, using radiation. For example, a complete chapter is dedicated to the characterization of biodegradable polymers irradiated with low and heavy ions. This book will be beneficial to all polymer scientists in the development of new macromolecules and to all engineers using these materials in applications. It summarizes the fundamental knowledge and latest innovations in research fields from medicine to space.

Polymer Surface Modification Relevance to Adhesion

Polymer Surface Modification  Relevance to Adhesion
Author: Kash L. Mittal
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 499
Release: 2004-08-26
ISBN: 906764403X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Surface Modification Relevance to Adhesion Book Excerpt:

This book documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Polymer Surface Modification: Relevance to Adhesion held under the auspices of MST Conferences, LLC in Orlando, FL, June 9-11, 2003. Polymers are used for a variety of purposes in a host of technological applications and even a cursory look at the literature will evince that currently there is tremendous interest and R&D activity in the area of polymer surface modification to attain their desired surface characteristics, particularly to enhance their adhesion. This volume contains a total of 25 papers which were properly peer reviewed, revised and edited. So this book is not merely a collection of papers, rather represents the highest standard of publication. The book is divided into three parts: 1. Plasma Surface Modification Techniques; 2. Other / Miscellaneous Surface Modification Techniques; and 3. General Papers. The topics covered include: low pressure plasma surface modification of a variety of polymers using various gases; atmospheric pressure plasma treatment; improvement of stain release properties of fabrics; modification of electrostatic properties of polymers; photon-based processes for surface modification of fibers; excimer UV light treatment; excimer laser surface treatment; low-energy ion treatment; photo-grafting and photo-curing; metallization of treated polymers; chemical (wet) functionalization of polymers; adhesion of paints to thermoplastic substrates; polymer release surfaces; nanolithography in polymer films; gas barrier properties of ceramic layers on polymers; and modification of interphase layer and relevance to adhesion. This volume and its predecessors containing plentiful information should serve as a comprehensive source of latest R&D activity in the highly technologically important arena of polymer surface modification. Anyone interested –centrally or peripherally– in knowing or learning about the various ways to modify polymer surfaces should find this book of immense value.

Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment

Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment
Author: Jacob Kleiman,Masahito Tagawa,Yugo Kimoto
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2012-09-22
ISBN: 3642302289
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment Book Excerpt:

The goals of the 10th International Space Conference on “Protection of Materials and Structures from Space Environment” ICPMSE-10J, since its inception in 1992, have been to facilitate exchanges between members of the various engineering and science disciplines involved in the development of space materials, including aspects of LEO, GEO and Deep Space environments, ground-based qualification, and in-flight experiments and lessons learned from operational vehicles that are closely interrelated to disciplines of the atmospheric sciences, solar-terrestrial interactions and space life sciences. The knowledge of environmental conditions on and around the Moon, Mars, Venus and the low Earth orbit as well as other possible candidates for landing such as asteroids have become an important issue, and protecting both hardware and human life from the effects of space environments has taken on a new meaning in light of the increased interest in space travel and colonization of other planets. And while many material experiments have been carried out on the ground and in open space in the last 50 years (LDEF, MEEP, SARE, MISSE, AOP, DSPSE, ESEM, EURECA, HST, MDIM, MIS, MPID, MPAC and SEED), many questions regarding the environmental impact of space on materials remain either poorly understood or unanswered. The coming generations of scientists will have to continue this work and tackle new challenges, continuing to build the level of confidence humans will need to continue the colonization of space. It is hoped that the proceedings of the ICPMSE-10J presented in this book will constitute a small contribution to doing so.

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites
Author: Cornelia Vasile,Anand K. Kulshreshtha
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2002
ISBN: 9781859573037
Category: Composite materials
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites Book Excerpt:

Polymer Analysis Polymer Theory

Polymer Analysis Polymer Theory
Author: Akihiro Abe,Karel Dusˇek,Shiro Kobayashi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2005-12-03
ISBN: 3540315772
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Analysis Polymer Theory Book Excerpt:

This series presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics and materials science. It is addressed to all scientists at universities and in industry who wish to keep abreast of advances in the topics covered. Impact Factor Ranking: Always number one in Polymer Science. More information as well as the electronic version of the whole content available at: www.springerlink.com

Wrinkled Polymer Surfaces

Wrinkled Polymer Surfaces
Author: C. M. González-Henríquez,Juan Rodríguez-Hernández
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2019-02-14
ISBN: 3030051234
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wrinkled Polymer Surfaces Book Excerpt:

This book presents the state of the art in surface wrinkling, including current and future potential applications in biomedicine, tissue engineering, drug delivery, microfluidic devices, and other promising areas. Their use as templates, flexible electronics, and supports with controlled wettability and/or adhesion for biorelated applications demonstrate how the unique characteristics of wrinkled interfaces play a distinguishing and remarkable role. The fabrication approaches employed to induce wrinkle formation and the potential to fine-tune the amplitude and period of the wrinkles, their functionality, and their final morphology are thoroughly described. An overview of the main applications in which these buckled interfaces have already been employed or may have an impact in the near future is included. Presents a detailed description of the physical phenomena and strategies occurring at polymer surfaces to produce wrinkled surface patterns; Examines the different methodologies to produce morphology-controlled wrinkled surface patterns by means of physical and chemical treatment methods; Provides clear information on current and potential applications in flexible electronics and biomaterials, which are leading the use of these materials.

Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications

Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications
Author: Shalaby W. Shalaby,Ulrich Salz
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2006-11-20
ISBN: 1420003372
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications Book Excerpt:

Recent advances not only in the creation of new polymers but also in their processing and production have ushered in huge strides in a variety of biomedical and clinical areas. Orthopedics and dentistry are two such areas that benefit immensely from developments in polymer science and technology. Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications examines the most current topics in this expanding field with an emphasis on technological evolution and clinical impacts. Surveying major progress in polymer science and technology for dental, maxillofacial, and orthopedic applications, this book provides a unique illustration of the conceptual development of novel biomaterials and processes designed to meet targeted clinical needs. Two preeminent scientists lead a close-knit team of international experts with extensive experience in product development, bioengineering, education, and clinical applications. Ranging from polymeric materials for dental and maxillofacial application to joint repair and replacement, polymeric composites, and tissue engineering, the book also examines topics that are common to both dental and orthopedic fields, such as osseointegration and infection management. Explore the current status and future possibilities of polymeric biomaterials in Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications. A unique blend of technical information and practical insight, this reference fosters the continued growth of a critically important field.

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces
Author: Manfred Stamm
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2008-01-26
ISBN: 3540738657
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces Book Excerpt:

In what is an extremely practical and applicable new work, experts provide concise explanations, with examples and illustrations, of the key techniques in this important field. In each case, after basic principles have been reviewed, applications of the experimental techniques are discussed and illustrated with specific examples. Scientists and engineers in research and development will benefit from an application-oriented book that helps them to find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems. They will know that the surfaces and interfaces of polymers play an important role in most of the application areas of polymers, from moulds, foils, and composites, to biomaterials and applications in micro- and nanotechnology.

Radiation Damage Effects in Solids

Radiation Damage Effects in Solids
Author: Hardev Singh Virk
Publsiher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN: 3038262129
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Damage Effects in Solids Book Excerpt:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Public interest and concern about radiation damage effects has increased during recent times. Nuclear radiation proved to be a precursor for the study of radiation damage effects in solids. In general, all types of radiation, e.g. X-ray, gamma ray, heavy ions, fission fragments and neutrons produce damage effects in materials. Radiation damage latent tracks in solids find applications in nuclear and elementary particle physics, chemistry, radiobiology, earth sciences, nuclear engineering, and a host of other areas such as nuclear safeguards, virus counting, ion track filters, uranium exploration and archaeology. Radiation dosimetry and reactor shielding also involve concepts based on radiation damage in solids. This special volume consists of ten Chapters, including Review and Research Papers on various topics in this field.

Plasma Deposition and Treatment of Polymers Volume 544

Plasma Deposition and Treatment of Polymers  Volume 544
Author: Wei William Lee,Riccardo d'Agostino,Michael R. Wertheimer
Publsiher: Materials Research Society
Total Pages: 320
Release: 1999-09
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plasma Deposition and Treatment of Polymers Volume 544 Book Excerpt:

There is immense interest, both industrial and academic, in developing processes for plasma deposition and modification of polymers. These polymers and treatments have wide-ranging applications in electronics, protective coatings, optical coatings, biomaterials, ophthalmics, corrosion protection, tribology, surface mechanics, membranes, food and pharmaceutical packaging, and sensors. In addition, fundamentals of plasma processes and technology are also of critical importance in many semiconductor processing operations such as etching and treatment of polymers, deposition of low-dielectric constant materials, and dry photoresist. The understanding of plasma polymer deposition in various technical fields, as well as in the treatment methods of polymers, have become critical. This book focuses on the deposition, modification and characterization of polymeric materials which are important for advanced technologies. Particular emphasis is placed on materials and synthesis concepts. Topics include: plasma processes for biomaterials; fundamentals of plasma processing; plasma processing for electronics and optics; and plasma treatments and functional coatings.

Characterization of Polymers

Characterization of Polymers
Author: Ned J. Chou
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization of Polymers Book Excerpt:

Polymers are organic, often complex molecular compounds used as the building blocks for plastics, elastomers and various types of synthetic engineered materials. Polymer scientists and chemists are not always familiar with the characterization methods best used for polymeric materials. And knowing what characterization technology works best can make a huge difference in getting an accurate understanding of internal and surface microstructure and ultimately desired properties for the myriads of polymer applications in use today. Useful case studies help to better illustrate the common types of problems and challenges when characterizing polymers. Review of basic polymer structures and synthesis routes, as well as chemical composition Characterization techniques appropriate for morphology of surfaces, interfaces and thin films Useful background on polymer surface thermodynamics, as well as adhesion properties and polymer-polymer interfaces properties and characterization techniques

Semiconductor International

Semiconductor International
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1294
Release: 2000
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Semiconductor industry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Semiconductor International Book Excerpt: